West Side SE FIFTEENTH YEAH. INDErENDENCE, OKKtiON, THURSDAY, OCTOUKK I, 1U0H. NUMUEIt 18 PENNY POSTAGE Mad Peitlbl by Recent Robust Constructive- Republican Policy. Convention Between America u4 England in Effect Oct. I It Blessing to Terelga i Bora Cltiaena. ) OltDKK NO. 1(W7. tlio Toetal Administration of Greet Britain having concurred therein: It II iK'rrhjr ordered. Tlint, commence Ing on the lit day of Ortolwr, lOUft, the atage rate ainllcable to Irttrra mailed In I'ultrd Htalr, adilmuwd fur delivery at any plsc In the t.'nlled Kingdom of Croat Ilrltsln and Ireland, ball be two (2) ceut an ounce or frac tion of an ounce. letters unpaid or abort paid aball bo 4lstctiHd to definition, but double tbe deficient postage, calculated at aald rate, aball bo collectible of tbe ad-4n-es-s uiMin tbo delivery of tbe un paid or abort paid tetters. a. v. u MEvna, Pout muster General. Hehlml tnla simple statement la Tast amount of ItTutilUnn construc tive Ivglxlatlon which resulted In the lgnlfkiit accomplishment, art forth ty tlw IVmt miii ster tit-ui-ral. It la elo quently prophetic of a world-wldo pen ny pnatnite, fur which tbo credit will be due to a Republican administration. Ink t'niveraal Pnetal I'oatrMt The Slitb rnlverxs.1 Postal I'ongrea convened In the city of Rome, Italy, April 7 and continued mil II May -M, 11MK1. Klxty-flve count rlc. Including the Tnlted States, were represented. Tbe assembly whs for the purpose of (lis ensuing t ho poNtnl systems of all tuitions and, If poMsliile, agreeing upon measures for tbe Improvement In all practical ways, of the regulations governing In ternational Intercourse through the mails. The .first congress of this kind met lo Uerr:', Switzerland, lu 1S74. Tbo United States I'ostnfllce Iepart mcnt waa represented In this World Postal Congress by two delegates the Stiicrlntcndent of Division of Foreign Malls, as In previous postal congresses, ml tbe Hon. Kdward Unsown tor of the Oinnha Roe, who hnd also served in tbe preceding postul congress. Mora foe Universal Pnnr Poi(xs. At this I'nlversal Postnl Congress representatives of the United States proposed a universal two-cent postage to all nations. Tbe 'lion. J. Ilennlker ilenton, M. P., who Is the father of tbe two-cent Idea In England, speaking of America's action at the Rome conven tion, in standing out for a universal two-cent postal rate, aald: "The British members stood coldly by. They did not recognise that this was a great historic occasion, a worthy parallel of that solemn scene on July 4, 1770, when the Declaration of Inde pendence was adopted; for If the Americans are willing to adopt a penny postage to all parts of the world, It fol lows that they are willing to establish It to the British Empire and form with us a Restrictive Postal Union.' " The Hon. Whitelaw Reld, America's Republican minister to the Court of St. James, praised the work of the Ameri can delegation and solicited tbe friendly co-operation of the British government t a Fourth of July banquet speech In indon la 1906. Mr. Reld Mid : "The American people hoped for closer and cheaper communications with all other nationa as the best means ef promoting better acquaintance end perpetuating friendship. They were gratified to And that the British apostle of penny postage (Mr. Ilea ton) at tbla moment focusing his efforts on what ought to be the easy task" of persuad ing the authorities on both side of the Atlantic, that It was as cheap to carry a letter from London to New York as from London to Calcutta ; or from New lork to Manila and quite as useful." American Republicans Lead the War So it baa come to pass that tbo Unit ed 'States, under lta Republican admin istration, has finally succeeded In en tering into a convention with Great Britain whereby after the 1st of Octo ber this year, a two-cent postage rate will obtain between this country and England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. We already have such an arrangement with Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Panama and our colonial possessions. This great accomplishment Is universally recog nized as the proper beginning which is to result in a universal two-cent postage rate aroand the world. FfoOSEVELTS tribute to X fool' that the country Is Indeed to bo congratulated upon tbo nomination of Mr. Taft. I have known him intimately for many year and I have a peculiar foellaff for him, because throughout that time ho worked for the same object, with the moi purposes and Ideal. I do not believe there could bo found la all the country a man o well fitted to bo President. Ho to not only absolutely fear lees, absolutely disinterested and up right, but ho hoe the widest acquaintance with tbo nation's needs, with out and within, and the broedeet sympathies with all our cltiaena. Ho would bo a emphatically a President of the plain people aa Llnoola, yet not Lincoln himself would bo freer from the least taint of demagogy, the least tendency to arouse or appeal to elites hatred ef ny kind. Ho has a peculiar and iatlmato knowledge of and sympathy with tbe need of all our people of the farmer, of the wage earner, of the bualnoea nan, of the property owner. He matter what a man' occupation or nodal position, bo matter what bin oreed, hi eolor, or tho section of the country from which ho comes, If ho la an honest, hard working man who tries to do his duty toward hie neighbor and toward tho country, he eaa rest assured that he will have la Mr. Taft tho moot upright of representatives and tbe moat fearless of champions. afr. Taft stand against privllegee and ha stands pre-eminently for tho broad principle of American eltiaonahlp which lie at tho founda tion of oar national well being. gress through Its representatives, must not be lost sight of. One was the adop tion of a universal return couin stsnip, in eicbsnge for which, upon Its rescntatlon at a postofrlce Iri another country, tho person presenting It shsll receive post a go stamp of tbo value of cents, good In any country of the world, thus enabling people here to repay pontage at regular rate upon reply letters. The other significant concession wss that In 11 World Postal Congresses to be held In tbe future, the I'ulted States te be granted an additional vote, la view of Its island possessions ; so that at all future congresses our country will lie entitled to two votes, as against one vote each cast by every other na tion In tlie world. Praelloal Reneflla tt Ins People. No doubt the IH'inocrnts nuiy Inquire to what nil this tins to do with the el fare of American citizens. For their enlightenment anil information it may be Htatcd that, uccordlng to the United States census of 1!KK, the for eign born population in the United States nt that time was 10,4(10,085. The population, born of foreign parentage (one or both parents having beeu born In foreign countries) was 20,lt)8,l).'10, or a total foreign population of H6,- (150,024. The report of the Immigra tion Coiiimlhn:oncr by years since then shows that fl,fi(i.S,(;0G have since come to America, thus eking out the total foreign population at the present time to 4V'l-,7(SO. This doc not take any note of Increase since 1900 in American-born children, one -or both of whose parents nr of foreign blood. Estimat ing that only one-half of this number 21,00,1,810 write one letter to foreign countries every two weeks, or 20 weeks each year, we hove 120,083,040 letters written annually, which, at the present rate of 5 cents postage each, amounts to an expenditure of $0,490,152 annu ally. Under the present postal law foreign correspondents may send let ters to the United States "collect," but when they reach their destination the recipient must pay double postage. Fig- Woi-14 I Reaar fee Rrdaetlea. It will probably be but short time fter tho convention between this coun try and England goes Into effect, until the dream of a universal 2 cent loiter postage, championed by tbe Republican party, will lie renlixcd. Australia, New Zealand and Egypt have already called for the 2-rent rate. The Emperor of Germany lias wild that If Engl a ml es tablishes a 2-i'cnt postage rate with the United States, be will have Ger many do the same. Krnivc, Itrt'y. South Africa. Japan, r.elglum, Hol land, Denmark aud Swislmi would i. little more than an Invitation to fol low suit. - A -2-cpnt postal rate would bind all the South American republics and tho United States still more closely togeth er into a peaceful, reciprocal, progres sive, civilization, which would mean a more rapid development of both Ameri can continents and a new application of the Monroe doctrine. With these countries agreed, on the ofoject desired, the continent of Europe alone would then bo wholly outside this compre hensive postal union, and then the continental power would not long stand aloof from It. It has remained for tbe United States to take the initiative in a move I to reap the great glory of being the pioneer of a world wide 2-cent post age. Mlll'inp of our citizens wil' feel almost ns grateful for this beneficent art as millions of slaves did, when the Republican party broke the shackles thai bound them to perpetual physical twice. LABOR LEGISLATIOH Republican States Mat Boa Lib eral In Legislation for Labor. Democratic Hates Have Done ilttl to Make Labor Condition Bettor Within Their Bound. BRYAN'S POLICIES DESTRUCTIVE. Mr. Taft Compare Republican and Democratic Platforms. (From Mr. Taft' Speech of Accep tance.) The chief difference between the Re publican and the Democratic platforms i the difference which has heretofore been seen between (the policies of Mr. Roosevelt and those which have been nrlnr the double nostaee on the same advocated by the Democratic candidate, basis, the forelirn nomilatlon of the Bryan. Mr. Roosevelt's policies United States pays during each year, been progressive and regulative for wostaee under the present system, i Mr. Bryan 3 aeatruetive. 119,497,458. Under the new and cheaper postal charges advocated by tho Republican party, should the 2-cent rate become Mr. Roose velt has favored regulation of tho bus! ness In which evils have grown up so oa to stamp out the evils and permit the buslnesa to continue. Tbe tendency universal, the foreign population in ! of Mr. Bryan's proposal has generally the United State, to their direct cor respondents, would only pay $3,249,676 annually for direct postage and $9,748, 728, for letters sent to them from for eign countries "collect." In other words, this Republican measure will save the highly esteemed adopted clti- cens of our country, and those born been destructive of the business with re spect to which be is demanding reform Mr. Roosevelt would compel the trusts to conduct their business ia a lawful manner and secure the benefit of their operation and the maintenance of tbe prosperity of the country of which they sre an important part; while Mr. here of foreign parentage $12,998,254 j Bryan would extirpate and destroy the annually, in the necessary correspond ence with their loved one abroad. But perhaps the Democrats do not think this is worth while. laipertaat Talaare Aeeampl!ehe4. Two other Important things that tbe Republican administration accomplish ed at the Rom Universal. Postal Con- Sone Glaring Inconsistencies. At present an American can send a letter 5,000 miles by land ay from Mexico to Alaska for 2 cents, but must pay 5 cents for a letter of half , the weight sent 8,100 miles to England, j An Englishman pays 5 cents on a let- I entire business in order to stamp out the evils which they havo practiced. Greedy. Two Englishmen on a holiday in Prance were dining together at a Paris restaurant. Mr. Smith would order and ask for everything he wanted in doubtful French, while Mr. Cross would offer explanations that were in the nature of criticisms. At last Mr. Smith's temper rose to explosive point 'Will von." he snld tn TCne-ltah this ter crossing tho Atlantic, 3,100 miles, ome-.-be B0 gooi M not t0 interfere and 2 cents on one crossing the Indian ! wlth me jn the nse of my French?" and South Pacific Oceans, 16,000 miles, j "Very well," retorted Mr. Cross. "I to iNew Zealand. All this Is to be rem- simply wanted to point out that you edied on October tho first next, thanks were asking for a staircase when all to an enlightened Republican administration. you wanted Mail. - ' was a spoon!" London It Is fact that every Important step for tbe benefit of American labor ha been taken either by Republican Coiiree and admlnlst ration, or by tbo Legislature of Republican tate, of Course with tho consent, and ooiiietlnte by the advice, of tho Htste exrcutlvo, Itomocratlc CoiigreMes have ben no tably negligent In tbl respect, and Ieuiix rstlc fits tee have either done nothing to nuke labor condition bet ter within their bounds, or have slowly and reluctantly followed at distent In the trail of Republican reform. State Leslelatlen. The (Mates hsvo control of labor leg islation within tbelr respective bound. federal authority being confined, so far a Isbor la concerned, to tbo District of Columbia and tbe territories, federal reservation and federal public works. Tbe story of labor legislation shows that nearly all labor reform originated in Republican States, aud at tho pres ent day the Republican are far ahead of tbe Iiemorrat In the enactment and enforcement of laws for the welfare of men and women and children wbo work for living. Twenty-six out of thirty Republican States have labor bureaus, and only seven out of sixteen Democratic States have similar bu reaus, without wbkb labor law aro often dead letters. Twenty-threo Re- ubllcau States have factory Inspectors to seo to the enforcement of the factory laws. Only six Democratic State have factory Inspection sen-ices. Fifteen States thirteen Republican and two Democratic have free employment agencies. Eighteen Ktatea have laws on their statute books prohibiting labor on government works or public con tracts for more than eight hours a day. Of these Mates sixteen are Republican and two Democratic. Four Republican States and one Democratic State have aws declaring eight hours to be a legal working day In tbe absence of a con tract Twenty-seven States prohibit tbe employment of children under four teen years of age in factories. Of these twenty-three are Republican and four are Democratic States. Laws limiting tbe hour of the employment of chll dren in factories or stores have been en acted in twenty-four Republican and thirteen Democratic States. Eighteen Republican and ten Democratic States prohibit night work by children. Twelve Republican and three Democratic States prohibit the employment of chil dren in operating dangerous machinery or cleaning machinery In motion. Fif teen Republican and six Democratic States limit tbe hours of labor of worn en. It should be noted that twelve of the Republican States which limit women's hours of labor have factory Inspectors to see that the law is obeyed, while only three f the Democratic States make such provision. In twenty- three Republican and ten Democratic States employers are required by law to provide seats for female workers. Twelve States have enacted legisla tion intended to effect the extinction of the sweatshop system, with its degrad ing and revolting accessories. Of these twelve States ten are Republican and two Democratic. Seventeen Republican and (five Democratic States have laws requiring the payment of wages weekly or fortnightly, or, in some instances, prohibiting a longer period than ono month between pay days. Trade Union Labels. Fourteen Republican States and only one Democratic State Nevada have laws in force prohibiting employers from discharging persons on account of membership in labor organizations, or from compelling persons to agree not to become members of labor organlza tlons as a condition of securing employ ment or continuing In their employ, Forty States have passed laws allowing trade unions to adopt labels or trade marks to be used to designate products of the labor of their members, and pro hibiting the counterfeiting of . the use of such labels or trade-marks by un authorized persons. Of these States twonty-elght are Republican and twelve are Democratic. Won Id Restrain Unlawful Triad. Mr. Bryan asks me what I would do with the trusts. I answer that I would restrain unlawful trusts with all tho e&elency of Injunctive process and would puniah with all tho severity of criminal prosecution every attempt on the part of aggregated capital to sun press competition. Hon. Wm. H. Taft, at Columbus, Ohio. WONDERLAND Moving Pictures of Merit and Illustrated Songs Only Theatre in Polk County Performance! every evening at 7 150 and Matinees Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday afternoons MIRTH AND PATHOS ADMISSION lO CKTSTTS Pianos Organs Sewing Machines Talking Machine Records Piano and Organ Studies Sheet Music Extras for All Makes of Sewing Machines Dni of success of Old and Relia ble House of Geo. C. Will Good good, riht prices, posi tive guarantee, and defect (the fault of instru ment) repaired fre of charge. GEO. C. WILL, 121 Commercial Street Salem, Oregon. J. A. PATTERSON Home Furauhingi, WI1 Paper A line of Hardware, Tools and Kitchen Utensils, Stoves and Ranges Telephone 947 Main 285 N. Commercial Street, SALEM, OREGON PfffPjpf) WARP SALEM, OREGON Salem's Up-to-Date Store Is Here With the Goods The grandest assortment of Beautiful Fall Merchandise that wag ever seen in this city. You can see style, fashion and beauty in every ready made garment and piece of goods shown. Remember we are the makers ol low prices. uress uooas ana Silks Our assortment is great and our prices cannot be beat. Fall Suitings yard 25c, 35, 49o, 65c, 76c and up Dress Silks In a grand assortment of styles and patterns. Yard, 25c, 35c, 49c, 65c and up. Hosiery and Un- derwear in Fall and Winter-weight at special Low Prices. 19c, 25c, 85c, 49o and up. If you want the best values in Salem in Outing Flannels, Blankets, Comforts and Flannels come to the CHICAGO STORE. Trimmed Hats now gelling for $1.50, $2.50 $2.95, $3.50 and up. Women's Tailor Made Garments and Millinery at Wonderfully Low Prices. SUITS: $8.50, $10.60, $12.50, $14.50 and up.