Independence enterprise. (Independence, Or.) 1908-1969, October 10, 1919, Page PAGE SEVEN, Image 7

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M Hough of Northwestern University Gives Impressions
fiafned In Stuay 01 uuhuhiuus m uium 01 nam Anxiety Over
Economic Situation Labor Problem Will Be Solved
Through Briton's Genius for Compromise.
president I-ynn Harold
"?r.,ii.i'Hicro unlvumlty re
n , 1 fr Inland.
itrel"""-" limr In lend-
. jinrrlK
i rep
mental common wnBo In English
cliarnclor whirl, keeps fighting, but
HOIIIC'llOW (1()CH hot L'O to triurl
...iinir lii lend- trenipM. Mn.,1,,.,,1 i -
ltinuinil r """" " , " """ w,y or pans-
oi),l holding conferences lug Jimt on ttio brink of what noemed
educutl'"'"! uuil lntellectu- ubout to bo n bloody revolution. It
has ii national jjcnluM for wise com-
fin to tilO lirollllMII. 'CI
t)!v 0 H Jl"l"'i, " "''"'in uiuig mill
u r fcnglu"'! toward America tho problem m t() , wm, Knt,s!l
.u. lough h..11 : "Tlio typlca worker. Our problem U infinitely
!l of wrlw nIMl "lforl1""1 compllcBtiMl In Ainerlcu by the many
Vi In AtiL'lo- rue ni.,1 d. , ..
j(Hilv . , .1.. Kniiv men Kllch volveri Wo m i ...
nion tradition expressed In n common
ii Kpeecn. x ne problem in severely trying
It In KiiL'tn tul I, nt it iu .. i i. ..
" . h I'luiui'iu in Ihlll
In out of tho life of a group of people
ii- who bnvfj lived (ogeibcr for centuries
nii'i wim imvi! it iiiind wllliout tb
" ...i Many men nw
ft1 ' I Il,,n liriVtt lilts'
to txprt'M ineir wuu ...
I 10 ' . hi, l Thorn
M I . . ..... ,1...
mi v I'tV IIDIIUl ""...
Multhe lml..n.-'or iruuo me
I tlit'V HpHIK 'i .
jEtHml With II popiiinuiHi
t, million Jii'-rc m i'""""
,xji(lllg food inr iii:n'"
'.'t... t.t llt fittwl
- in ntis. i lie i". "
, .i,0 inria rim cotnw from vx
... (r KiIIhIi product which
f pimitrlei ilenlr'.
Would Cancel War Debt
i. men feel that If Alncrl.fl
a;j rancid tbc war debt of Hi ltnln
wld be a ile.iHlvo Hlcp m pro
isjtlitrlubt Nltuiitlori. They fee
twrlni ennu' into ine war nuc
jrtfh irciitiiient of lirllaln ami the
iif illh'8 would be u riotilo contri
l of wonlih from n nation whbh
tut os cveiitf linfolih'd, Imvo to
fartsolurxo a wuTlflco of men on
! Britain und I'niiieo. Suiim' tnen
i i toll (if adventure In their en
j'eof iho Klnmiloii take tin view
j tU diinnei H lire fivercHtlmnted
;t!;it Kni'limd will i ii I i-kly recuper
?. I iVuril l.ord Ileuverbrook, who
non tlie Miuiii'iiiiilii gidng over,
,lliU ilmv. It In prolmblo that n
m olmut which little lm been
La will liifliniice tho actual outcome.
Lind lia hud a long and hiktosh-
H rli'iice In lnteriialloniil bunk
ami before even resourceful
rf'nu len rn the pHj'cliologlcnl
of ft. liri i ;i i ii w ill probably be
pt.ii,' iih Amerlen fn more even
s. Ami Hi Ih to the advantage.
Amerlen. S liiisliienti man able
M Into iho f ii uire would want to
st ilmvn Kiiglimd'H fumliimental
uic strength even If uch a thing
l piwsllili'.".
Lahor Unrput In F nntanA
... ,,,
'Vn iiskcii iihi.ut the lahor unrest
Utfntid nr. Hough replied: "At
this miiiim.M- the Hituutlon has
i very crnvo Indeed. Hut an
ri'iin needs to reinen.ber threo
iMf he would estimate It wisely.
first Is that there la a funda-
Would Hunt Murmansk
Mosquitoes for Ivory
Kn. ItiiNxhui Lnplnnd.
Amerlcnn mil way forces and
"fter iiIHpiI
fte Munmuiic front finin.1 fha
4nic moKiiuitoea worso
"'"t the lioUhovIkl.
lie Wnr la nvir " nnn
rOCl'lIt I V unM "iifo.fn
Mog to ciiiiK! in) hero nnd or-
n expedition to hunt
mosquitoes for their
1'cy're not like ordinary
wqultoen. They buzz up, bite
' P'ece out of your leg and
,ten fly nwny Into the trees
md eat It."
hurrlera of niee nnd hirieiim'n ivtii.i
nri ho terribly bnrd to Hunnouiit. In
tho third plnee for all tho vigorous
language there Is n curious nppenr
mice of iiiiderMtiiii.lliig xympiithy under
the hoHtlllly. When one lienrs Mr.
ClyiieK Kpeiik In the house of commons
ho marvels nt the poise and perspec
tive and KteudlncKH of his mind. A'id
there firo iiiiiny mieh labor lenders.
Frank Exchange of Opinion.
"If I remember Mr. Frank Vnnder
Hp Ims enlleil alteiition to llils In his
Hlgnlfleimt Utile book, 'What Hap
pened In Europe.' One night I went
down to Oxford with Sir Arthur
.Steel Mn It hind who wan to Ppeak to
n number of men and women of tho
labor group gathered at Iinlllol for
three weeks of Hludy. There was the
freest arid frankest exchange of opin
ion between the group find this dls
tliigulHlied member of parliament, who
by the way only recently resigned
from the ministry. There was dis
agreement too. Hut the thing which
Impressed me most was a sort of
mental npproarh between Sir Arthur
nnd these u.. ii. There was a certain
friendly good comradeship which prom
ised much. Not long before I left tiie
other Hide an Englishman said to me
with a Hort of chuckle, that soon lie
would have only ten shillings out
of each pound of his Income. He add
ed that In the present situation It
wns quite right and lie had not a word
of rrltlclKin or complaint.
When the niiesllon of prohibition
was raised Ir. Ib.ugh had this to
uny: "To the typical Englishmen pro
hibition on a national scale Is snnpiy
rwonmrelienslhle. He believes that It
would not work In England, and that
It will not work In America. There
, however, n serious and growing
,',dy of public opinion which Is In
dined to take the prohibition move
ment in nn earnest ana open mimieu
. .. i.....i;.-ii.i..n whn
way. Ana mere me i-.h"""""
,lo not like it who admit its power.
Not long before I sailed, for Instance,
was at n luncheon wnere me
lect was discussed. Most or me
elo ti-irn UHtrill HK I'ini
Hithm to prohibition while the discus
sion went on. Sir well, think
will not mention his name, but be Is
an Englishman of real significance
m mttlnt! on my ir. urj .
do not believe In prol.imuun. i .
eve It Is an Invasion of personal
rights. Hut I he ove
nist do t he driiiKiag e ."
I,' in the next four or five years
-hn economic pressure is going to
rive us to It !'
Dr. Hough spoke in the most hearty
nv of bis own reception in Great
Britain both by the press onu
people. He deciarou n ; ;
lenr to hini inai i"-' ,
!, tho future of clvlU Ucm
re bound up In a rnemo, u..
BtnndlnS between ureal uiu-
' mwyyi
If f yA
y y; i
I lie'---'' Vy
Mile. Marie Louise Gombier, a twenty-one-year-old
Belgian girl, who ar
rived In New York from France en
routo to Los Angeles to rnnke her
home. In 1914 Mile. Gombier was liv
ing in a convent nt Bresges, Belgium.
When the Germans arrived the girl es
caped and made her way to her fa
ther's home near Brussels. With the
fall of the Belgian capital the Ger
mans occupied the Gombier home nnd
installed a wireless plant. Mile. Marie
tried to destroy the plant, was caught
and sentenced to death. The sentence
was later commuted to Imprisonment.
After live weeks In prison the girl es
caped and made her way to the Cana
dian lines near Ypres. Here she
irvpfl ns n nurse, winning the Croix
do Guerre with two palms for bravery.
Mile. Gombier will ninke her nome
i T.ns AiiL'tdes with Mrs. L. Dowdy, an
American Ked Cross nurse she met In
rft hiA- ' '"y
hyrC-: rr4: y
' - yyfi'-f"y wjx
nw(ri!! Monoher, chief of the air service, p'Ld,"S from Boose-
S P. '0t of one of the 40 plrnes which started on fc
u-Mlneola, to Toronto, Canada. ... .... --- "
Italian, Confused In Trial, Was Con
vlcted of Perjury Pardon
New York. Gov. Smith has grant
ed a commutation of sentence iu
Frnuk Bossamongo, a Sing Sing pris
oner who figured in a famous case.
Prosecuting authorities in the Bronx
who convicted Bossamongo recom
mended that he be pardoned, after
newly discovered evidence cleared
him of wrongdoing.
Bossamongo has been Imprisoned
fourteen months. Nathan Lubin,
"King of rickpockets." was tried In
the Bronx, charged with robbing
ossamongo. On the stand Ros a
mogo made contradictory state
Znts. Lubin was given tea to twenty
"in, BoBsnmongo was trie and con
vlcted of perjury in June 1918 He
Ilw ays stoutly maintained he was in-
got his story to the attention
of the governor. District Attorney
Francis Martin ordered an investlga
n It developed that while Rosso-
tlOll. " Jfnoca Rand
S to'have veered around from
roScutlng Lubin to defending him,
El was in reality only confused.
Nlne-Dollar Errand Boy Return. J576
OOO Lost Bonds-Receives $15
as a Reward.
New York.-That he found $575,000
in Liberty bonds anu
S$15 r turning them into their own
era was the story told by Isadore Gel
1 T skteen-year-old errand boy who
I ier, a , week hy Unz &
is employed at P a wees uy
l(,n 0f 26 Broadway, lie lives ai
llunius street, Brooklyn.
reBer said that he found a package
f ront of the subtreasury building
111 f rt to contain mora than half
,,ml5Slo bond, He took
II I Z offices of Salomon Bros. &
Vt:roZs of 27 Pine street,
, J me was on the wrapper.
"KTofVat firm declined to dis
cuss the st
Second Indian Skeleton.
. I'n.-raul Scott who
TOrt lo skeleton of an Indian In
f0Un n In front of his home at Ul-
Sr "a ew Jays ago, has unearthed
ti, or and larger one near the same
; another ana - . g tt farm
founds in Indian lore and mapy clay
Spes! stone dishes and arrow heads
have betn found.
Precautions Taken to Prevent
Spread of Two Dreaded For
eign Foes of Plant.
Experts Realize Possibility That Some
Infested Spots May Have Escaped
Observation Quarantine
la Avoided.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Indications are that the two dreaded
foreign foes of wheat, flag snmt and
take-all, will not become widespread
in the United States. The United
States department of agriculture an
nounces that the two states where
these diseases appeared, Indiana and
Illinois, have taken steps that will pre
vent the spread of the diseases from
tho infected fields and that should
wipe out In a few years the infection
In fields where it exists.
Indiana officials came to the recent
hearing in Washington with adequate
safeguards already placed. Shortly
after the hearing, Illinois established
similar safeguards. All the infected
wheat In both states is under control
and will be disinfected before any use
whatever is made of it. All straw and
stubble are to be burned, threshing
machines are to be thoroughly disin
fected and no wheat is to be grown in
Infected areas for several years.
But Fight Is Not Over.
Under these conditions full confi
dence is felt that neither of the dis
eases will spread from the diseased
areas in Illinois and Indiana. That
does not mean, however, that the fight
against flag smut and take-all is over.
It is possible that one or both of the
diseases exist this year in places where
they have not been recognized. There
Is, however, no great probability that
this is true. The department of agri
culture and its co-operating agencies
have been diligently on the lookout for
these two diseases all summer and
have found no evidences of them ex
cept in the two areas. Both flag smut
and take-all occu: in Illinois and only
take-all In Indiana. The experts, how
ever, realize the possibility that some
infested spots may have escaped ob
servation and it would not be surpris
ing if diseased fields are found else
where next spring. m
In the meantime there will be no letup
in the work of preventing either of the
diseases from getting a real foothold
anywhere in the United States. The
federal department is working with
the authorities of Illinois and Indiana,
giving them every possible aid. Its
pathologists are energetically studying
the disease and its representatives are
searching the country over to make
Good Crop of Wheat in Southern In
diana. certain whether or not there are other
infested areas and to see that effective
measures of control are available if
any such areas are discovered.
Prompt State Action Prevents Quar
antine. The co-operation of state authorities
is essential In order to prevent hard
ship if further infestations should be
discovered, Only the prompt action of
Indiana and Illinois prevented the
placing of a quarantine against all the
wheat in those states, a measure
which would have meant hardship, not
only to all the wheat.; growers in the
two states, but to dealers, millers and
consumers. Even prompter state action
will be desirable if either of the dis
eases is found later to exist in any
other state.
Neither of these diseases is .likely to
find its way into the country again
from outside sources. The department
of agriculture has established quaran
tine regulations against all the rest of
the world in which either of the dis
eases exists. No small grain can come
in for any purpose unless it has been
thoroughly sterilized with steam heat.
It is the purpose of the department,
say its officials, to make the cleanup
of these plant plagues as thorough and
as prompt as It did the foot-and-mouth
disease of animals a few years ago.
Depreciation of Machinery.
Did you ever think of the relation of
the farmer's bank account to the tool
shprl ? Machinery depreciates faster in
the weather than it does in use. The
time saved by having n rust-rree im
plement will soon pay for the shed.
Status of Women Workers inU. S.
Information to Be Spread Broadcast by the Industry Section of
A set of twelve maps which will show the industrial status of woman
workers in the United States at a glance will be one feature of the hand
book on. industrial information soon to be distributed by the women in
industry section of the Y. W. C. A.
Each map will show one thing which bears upon the entire question,
such as in what states there are minimum wage laws and whether they
are good or poor; the number of woman industrial workers in each state;
the per cent of women in industry in the state ; the hours of labor, whether
the minimum is an eight, nine, ten or twelve hour day; night work; min
imum age for workers; mining legislation; suffrage; states where seats
are required for woman workers and 6tates where women are allowed to
be members of legislative committees or of administrative bureaus. '
The maps are built upon a central color scheme, blue indicating the
best laws or highest percentage in each case, red taking second place and
green third. White is always the. negative status.
In addition to the maps and charts the handbook will contain nine
other sections, among them one devoted to resumes of labor platforms and
programs of reconstruction. One section will be devoted to studies of
certain industries, with a short historical setting brought up to date of
the most recent legislation. State laws relating to woman workers will
be listed and industrial information classified according to states.
A reference section will give a complete bibliography of books pub
lished on the subject, and of magazine stories published on subjects per
taining to woman workers.
The gape disease of poultry causes
an enormous loss of young chickens
all over the country, which loss may
be easily prevented. According to At-
wood and Lueder of West Virginia sta
tion, the main steps in this procedure
are as follows :
First, burn or bury deeply all chick
ens which, die of the disease.
Second, if possible, keep the chick
ens shut in until the dew has dried off
fully in the morning.
Third, if the disease is very preva
lent, add not more than three drops
of creolln to each pint of drmning
water and prevent the chickens from
drinking elsewhere.
Finally, if these precautions have
not been fully carried out and a few
chickens become infected, remove the
worms with a gape-worm extractor,
iind burn them so as to prevent .the
eggs from becoming scattered about.
Magnetism Is Claimed
to Have Brought About
Most Amazing Cures
The most amazing cures are claimed
to have been brought about by mag
netism, the originator of the idea be
ing a Jesuit priest, who Invented steel
plates of a peculiar form, which he ap
plied to the naked body as a cure for
several diseases.
His Idea was copied by many other
mesmerists and magnetlzers. An
American practicing as a surgeon In
Leicester square invented and took
out a patent for the celebrated "Metal
lic Tractors" two small pieces of
metal so strongly magnetized that they
would cure gout, rheumatism, palsy,
and in fact almost every disease the
human frame is subject to, if applied
externally to the afflicted part. He
gained a respectable fortune from thou
sands of deluded clients, until he was
Use of Electricity Came
by Various Discoveries
Use of electricity came through a
combination of related discoveries and
development of knowledge of electric
energy. Manifestations of electric en
ergy were known since Bible times.
The first step which led to present use
of electricity was taken by Galvani,
who demonstrated in the eighteenth
century that electricity could be pro
duced by the contact of metals with
fluids. His experiments suggested to
Volta in 1800 the electric battery. Then
Oersted discovered electro-magnetism.
Later developments led to the inven
tion of the dynamo. Soon after came
the electric telegraph, followed by the
telephone, electric motor, etc.
Sanity lies in being able to
think on lines of individual
speculation. The Insane man
has thoughts, but he can't line
them up.
Take a trip with a man
around the country and note the
things that attract his attention
these show the trend of his
The man without an imngina
. tion does not put his money in a
savings bank he can't imagine
benefits to be derived In the future.
Norfolk's Population Claims.
Norfolk claims a greater gain in
population during the last four years
than any other southern city. In 1914
the population was 00,000, and it is
claimed that 250,000 people now live
In the c'ty.
Fielder Jones May Manage
Vancouver Baseball Club
; if Franchise Is Secured
Vancouver intends to "carry on" its
flht for a berth, in the Pacific Coast
Baseball league next year, according
to reports from that city. Baseball
fans of that town, who have been with
out the game this season, would like
to see the Coast league continue as an
eight-club affair, but with two dlvi-
Fielder Jones.
s'ons, the south comprising Los An
geles, Vernoi, San Francisco, and the
north Seattle, Portland, Tacoma and
Humors regarding baseball fly thick
and fast. The latest one says Fielder
Jones, former White Sox and Brown
manager and one-time president of the
old Northwestern Baseball league, may
head a Vancouver team if the city can
obtain the desired franchise. R. P.
Jones, Vancouver baseball magnate,
said recently he would welcome Jones.
Whitewash Recipe Used
by Government on White
House and Lighthouses
The. whitewash made by the govern
ment to embellish the east end of tha
White House, and for whitewashing
lighthouses, is as follows: Slake half
bushel lime with boiling water. Cover
during process to keep in steam. Strain
liquid through fine sieve or strainer.
Add peck of salt, previously dissolved
in water, three pounds of ground rice
boiled to a thin paste and stirred In
while hot. Also add a pound of Span
ish whiting, and one pound of, clear
glue, previously dissolved by soaking
in cold water and then hanging over
a slow fire In a small pot hung in a
larger one filled with water. Add five
gallons of hot water to the" mixture,
stir well, cover and let stand for a few
days. Apply hot, for which purpose a
kettle or portable furnace should be
used. Yellow ochre may be added to
give the mixture a cream color ; lamp
black or Ivory black, for pearl or lead
tint ; four pounds of umber to one of
Indian red and one pound of lamp
black makes fawn; and four pounds
of umber and two pounds of lamp
black produce common stone color, j
Variations of the Prefix
"Mac" Now in Common Use
Many variations of the .. prefix Mac,
are in common use,' in the spelling of
proper names, and all are recognized,
the use of one form or the other being
a matter of personal preference. The
word Mac is a Gaelic prefix, meaning
son, corresponding to the 'affix son In
names'of Teutonic origin,' as Davidson,
and the prefix Fitz in Norman names.
Originally "Mac" Donald was a son of
Donald. In course of time the two
words came to he -written as one, Mac
Donald. ' The- surname "Macdonald la
now spelled in V variety of ways, Mac
donald nnd McDonald, in addition to
which there are many variations of the
none as McDonnell, McDaniel, McDan
lels, etc. . '