Independence enterprise. (Independence, Or.) 1908-1969, July 04, 1919, Image 7

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Iregon Experiment Station Making Scries of Variety, Cultural
and Purpose, iriais to Establish Place in Agri
cultural System of State. . Product In Same
Class as Clover 15 or 20 Years Ago.
union Arl ultuiril C..llcg) mid some-the. pearl
to which velell JtOIdS
Tin- -tclit
lj(ll.lllilw i" ""ir Orewm crop U
tried 0111 n i"1"'" (r variety,
jmrul nnil purpose trials on the
llccu experiment station farm, At
ncilt t S 11 1 VIMCll DIllllllH KOIIUI-
thy hiiine r' liitlou.. to ,0ro-
riul t u t jt liHliiHtrli'w Hint clover
i is or ' "r ""
n,,rn lui'I t"t"l limlttil im for
,,,.(, nemo dcehinvt 1t ft' riitlurc, uinl
, c0I.-;o Hllitlull llllcliT tho illroc-
ut 111
urn Vnrlo.u vUI-M!,m were 0ijla!jl.
d from oii,t,r ,,,., um ,h(j f &
depuriimmt of aKrlc..ltre, oUhth from
fr..n countries, and ho,.,,, lV0 !,,,
developed by H,.-,n nrnl croHHlMK
by Mr- H'-I'Mth-,,k ,, mallv
varieties are ,.,, V(..,.i, ,.,.
..'UN, wi;
vi'icii, in rv vetch u,.i
8om fow ,ly t'l''il vetch, i.iit,... v(.tci,,,
kln.lH-an.l Iliii.MHrJi.n v.-th.
TIi Miter vetches re prima fav
writes In Mm r,i.iir..r..i.. .1 . ..
gni.luiM;c.v.-n.or Jaiuc, Withy.;, .-over on depleted orchard soil's
fjy iimfclnx n tulmustlvu and tl. ,imrk,.t fr ,.,, u ,,ra(.U(,lllly'
- -i
rtVi M.i.
1. -
with iittin waste, such a crop sown
Nov, 12 ami put for hay July 5 to 10,
yields about 3 term r.f .,...n..... t....
fr u,'re' -Tho faKo of maturity bent
tor hay in when the lower pol are
fin.Ml but Htlll mtt.
Th'i bt'Ht time of Bowing ha not
yet definitely dotermlno.I. Some
n monn hIiow advantagu in favor of
fall NctdiiiK and bohio Bprlng, for
fornno. flu far faiUaeded vetch has
prodiic'd better wiod yloldw. Fall
Mown HQcnm to roach liurvoat Hagant
howii HofiinH to reach horvent Btago a
"i i ariicr in favorable Hna.sons, and
fillowK cu.ill. r harvoBt Tor Hummer and
fall blllU'C, which Ih .ii.i..
"iiponuiit by Homo dairymen as a
meaim 0f maliiUlnlii tho heavy milk
1,1 uprlng and early aummer
Hungarian vtch, fall nown for early
bee pnHturc, H !.! by Proft-HHor
Lovett to a ni0Ht f!XCOiient be(J
Plant. Not only tho flowers but the
Joint of tho Ktallt yield large amounts
or readily accoHHlblo nectar. The
Htatlon plots fairly awarm with the
colIi.Kn hecH, which have to fly around
but little to load up on honey ma-
K-riaiH. Hilu coiiBcrvea labor, as a
result of which Professor Lovett says
ho Is kept buy taking off supers of
Pko of pearl vetch, as a substitute
for beans for baking and soup, has
been tried out by the home economics
HpeelHliBiH and declared highly promis
ing. Should pearl vetch flnaly provo
lo bo a satlHfactory substitute for
beans it will have many advantages
over the latter as a soil builder,
roughage provider and a valuable ele
ment in crop rotation.
v I)
Songs of the GIuB Workers
tlio U. S. Department! Agricultural
"Pretty low these , safa
; ' II. '
and sano
Wtch br.'iiling work, for fort
iTimcnt fariiiH.
ilixatioa ami iiriprovcnicnt tiialn, 0. A. C.
of triiiif to- (leicruilno ana en-1 unlimited. Like many other crops
H Pi"1 agricultural , in the southland It Ih incapable'
m of lliu t.ilo. ... jof prodm-ing Md satlafaetorily in the
V imp nr.- likuwliw similar In 'regions wlieru it is in great demand,
y rmpwtH. lioth are U'RUmes and ' I Imice the big California market for
rift to lh uri-al frtilily, nitrogen- !.
::v. family mo essential to main
.we of fertility In general farm
Until have hluh vnlu us liav. s
.e ir.J S.T.I crops, are good i Urm '!r"WPr,' '-'"'lartw by Mr.
RHture, h,h1 both are used as SCh"tl'' W,!U 1,10 8laUm,,,lt tliat tl,ls
MM llir t.til Ullil (hrt nil.irv
ulll uii ut ii l it r.n Ol.w, q
pily fixed, and vast fleldH are
pn fur seed and forage purposes
I to rt'Htorc and maintain, fertility,
J ii proved a winner, even though
f x! to some pests that have In
M serluu.-h with seed produc
A hid fur 00 car lots of seed nt 25
! cents a pound was received from tho
I-lace of v.-teh has not yet been
rnnnod, nlihough it Is known to
1 somo very superior qualitlos. The
Ii aphis last year discouraged Homo
W8, even tlioneli tha utntlnn
aioloslut, i-rof. A. L. Lovett,
"ii that such serlouB outbreaks of
M'lils are to be expected only at
"f widely separated' lntorvols.
Pood many dairy farmers have
a vetch wiiii outs or other asso
"I wop for hay and for sllnge, aud
found it hlKhly profitable. Others
wown it alone and got vry
'Mtory results. Some havo found
of tho best of bee plants, aud
' nuu I,.,... I...
t jmu.,.,1 us worm as cover
is tor orchunl
Of Which vnrlntv la Iml
lhi several purposes has .never
f answ'rod, and sonio farmers hnvo
(ilscounm.-d becniiBo they used
rong varleitiiq nn,i m,
i ' .iii VIII
?' Methods for' til A fllf rjrV ilAutvn,t
f to hasten the correction of
Is. But tho Important
Farm Settlement Unit Has Been
Tho first Oregon farm settlement
unit has been purchased by the state,
and tho work of making It a model
farm has been started. Prof. II. D.
Scudder, Claire Wilkes, and Pafmc
I'atton, all of tho farm managemen
department, have completed the sur
vey of tho land and planned the con
Htruction of the buildings.
The unit is a 60-acre diversified
farm, tho minimum for diversified
farming, located about two miles south
of Independence juBt west of the
Southern Pacific railway. The fields
have been laid out and seeded to grain
and hay. Tho buildings, now under
construction, are attractive and of the
type found by experience to be of
greatest economy.
Tho land settlement board recom-
' m 1
"H'ellol Here's something doing."
t ,
' f
Vetch Nursery, Variety Trials, Oregon Agricutural College Experiment
Station Furms.
bushels, 1500 pounds, may bo grown
on an acre, It will be seen that a good
vetch seed crop will return $375 per
acre, in nuinuon 10 mui h
land In a greatly Improved poii(lt-!
Hon. Five-year successive iriais snow
ncreused yield per aero on tho sta-
1 1
- V
1 '
' I
1- VV
f V
-. to
. 1
v I '
4 .:
"V ": (
. Vn
t y
uf " 8 '
Li h -1
T"Pot Hungarian Vetch, phonominal honey plant, exclus.vely .iciu
y he xperinient farm at O. A. C.
r that the veld, ,.t. ..
Viilucted lln(nr t., .
i 1 i-i ouit;t viniuii
' "' a- Cordlnw ,11 I 1,..
ion rp. "'luuiur ui iuo
I, 0 r . Work Js charge' of
rolnt-H. A. schoth in direct
answer the
Varlety trials aim m
Q q wuonoi UID
'"ooniim " var'ety under
I Of ?ns and fr Bpeciflo pur-
nedt; varletles s
T seed y' som ' Bllae'
I some cover, some bee,
tion plots. Yield on these p o s
equalled the yield obtained from plots
given two manuring and rotated cul
tivated crops. r .
The best rate of seeding for most
varieties for both forage and seed
purposes is CO pounds per acre, ei her
straight, vetch or with oats or - o he
associated crops. The 60 pounds vetd
and 40 pounds oats combination looks
best for forage purposes, sivInH
well-branched, tall, erect fln
crop that can be harvested easily and
mended by Governor Olcott has ap
pointed Professor Scudder as super
intendent in charge of all field work
and authorized him to select sites,
propare plans, and completely equip
four additional farms in different parts
of tho state during the summer." One
will be in southern Oregon, one on
the coast, and two In eastern Ore
gon. A large portion of the coming bond
Issue, if voted in June, is to 'provide
funds to finance these farm settle
ment units. This money is merely
to bo borrowed from the state and paid
hack by tho settlers who take over
these different units after they have
been fully equipped. If this plan can
be carried out it is expected to develop
Oregon's agricultural possibilities, and
open Lhe war reconstruction era.
N .
, ,
"Sounds like a burning fuse."
"Funny I don't hear any bang."
V. '
"Guess I'll look into this."
College Notes.
The summer sessions of the college
will begin next Monday, June 23.
Dr. A. B. Cordley, director of the
experiment station, will visit and In
spect a number of the seven branch
stations located in the'seven cultural
districts of the state this summer.
II. P. Barss, professor of botany and
plant pathology, has gone to New
York to attend a meeting of the ad
visory board of the American Plant
Pathology association, of which he
is western commissioner, June 23-25.
A 'good pasture is the ideal feed
for livestock, says L. Westover, dairy
specialist who has just put out a new
bulletin called "A Silo for Every
Firm " He says a silo is a pasture
under cover, the contents of which
.1 .1 t. lima nf tllft'VAflr
Can D6 UHeu at, ou, .
for dairy and beef cattle, horses, sheep,
mules, hogs and chickens
We must rise
We must
From Puck.
-Hi -
One Country.
After all.
One country, brethren!
or fan
With the supreme republic,
DO .
The makers of her Immortality
Her freedom, fame.
Her glory or her shame,
Liegemen to God and fathers of the free!
After all
Hark 1 From the heights the clean, strong
clarion call 1 : , "',
And the command Imperious: "Stand
' forth -. ,
Sons of the South and brothers of the
Stand forth and be .
As on soil and sea-- . . J -
Your country's honor more than empire's
wortni" - - - . .
After all, '
'Tls Freedom wears the loveliest coro
Her brow Is' to the morning: In the sod
She breathes the breath of patriots; every
. clod
Answers her call - .
And rises like a wall
Against tb foes of liberty and God!
Frank Jj. Stanton.
Of coarse, the poets nnd writers of
light opera are alt wrong when they
try to make out that farming Is a bus!
nes wherein the, Jovial liarvesters
I Join hands- with the merry villagers
and dance around a Maypole, singing
roundelays.- They are taking too liter
ally Shakespeare's observation that
"All the world's a stage." There
something about touting out the 'cows
In the , morning before sunup, and.
something about piloting a plow
through heavy soil and sulty sweat,
that does not conduce to song.
But there ore farm songs, nnd farm
log songs. The country heard a Jot
of them last fall when volunteer help
ers went out from the cities to help
meet the situation created by heavy
yields and few ' harvesters. Most of
that singing was done on the way' to
and from the fields, but it was prei:ty
good singing, anyway. And then there
are songs heard mostly at farm bu
reau meetings nnd the like. , AH that
Is necessary to prove that farmers can
sing when they want to is to hear
dozen or a hundred of them Join in
this, using the tune of "Old Black
Joe:" .
Gone are the days when iny famf return
ed no pay.
Gone are the folks -who used to call me
Gone are my debU for the better crops I
Krow. .r .
1 hear my neighbors' voices calllnsr.
"Farm Bureau." . . . -
Youth, however, Is the springtime of
life, nnd springtime Is the season when
the human family, and the birds and
the locusts and the prgan grinders,
seem most disposed to make a more
or less harmonious noise. Therefore,
it is among the farm youth in the
springtime -of life that you will find
the most singing of and at their daily
tasks. The boys' and girls' clubs,- or
ganized under the direction, of, tb
United States department of agricul
ture and the - state agricultural col
leges, have more- songs than you can
shake a 'stick at And Jiow they can
sing 'em 1 ; ; . ,
Imagine that you are sitting In the
shade of an old apple tree in the green
fields .of -Virginia, or TMaryland, my
Maryland, or some place like that
Down the road comes a bunch, of gar
don club bqys nnd girls, with spades
and rakes on their shoulders and the
light qf achievement . In' their eyes.
They are singing, and the strains are
the same as in that "Over There" song
that went from Broadway to Chateau
Thierry and back again. Listen: ',
Johnnie, getryour hoe,- get your hoe, get
your hoe: 1 , ;
Mary, dig your row, dig your row, dig
your row.
Down to business, girls and boys, :
Learn to know the gardener's Joys.
Uncle Barn's In need pull the Weed, plant
a seed, ,
While the sunbeams lurk, do not shirk, .
get to work.
All the lads must spade the ground;
All the girls must hustle 'round 1
All together In the chorus: , "'j
Over there, over there;
Bend a word, end a word, over there, .
That the lads are hoeing, the girls are -
sowing, -.,
The crops are growing everywhere.
Each a garden must prepare;
Do your bit, o that all of us can share
With the boys, with the boys
Who will not come back 'till It's over,
over there!
Their fresh young volpes ah, If all
vegetables were as fresh die away In
the distance. But from over the hill
another group of boys approaches.'
Von Know they are'plg clnb boys, for
to the tune of "Row, Itow, Itow Tour
Boat". they are slngfn'g
Grow, grow, grow a pig
Fatter every day.
! Mcrrny, merrily cheerily, cheerily;
Half our work Is play.
'; Apd .here comes some rosy-cheeked
girls, all dressed upn white aprons
and snowy caps, and everything they
catch what the boys are singing, and
they reply:
Can, can, all you can;
- .Can and put? it away.
Merrily, merrily, cheerily, cheerily;
Half our work Is play.
Close behind them are some sewing
club girls, nnd now they are singing:
Sew, sew, sew a seam ; .
Sew the time away.
Merrily, merrily, cheerily, cheerily;
. . Half our work Is play.
And over In that field, can those chil
dren be the Little Bo-Peeps and Little
Boy Blues of today?
No; nothing Mother Goose-like about
them; nothing but the sheep and
their song:" r
Little Bo-Peep,
Come raise some sheep;
And you do it, too.
Little Boy Blue. -
So it goes with you in the shade' Of
the;old apple tree, listening to the
cluta boys and the club girls as they
tell in song the merits of their respec
tive avocations. And then, Just like
In a" show, they all ' troop back again,
and, like the grand chorus in an opera,
to a tune you recognize, this rises:
There were club boys on the hillside,
. I here were club boys on the plain.
And the country found them ready
At the call for meat and grain.
Let none forget their service "
As tho club boys . pass along.
For, although the war is over,
They are singing still this song.
. - -- a.
The chorus comes like a cataract :
Keep the home cow milking.
And the club .corn silking;
Tell the Idle hoys and girls
To work for "Home. ;
There's a club pig growing,
While the grain we're sowing
Boost the club work night and day
Till we "Live at Home."
Chickens and fruit make a combi
nation hard to beat. Plum trees do es
pecially well In the poultry yard.
Chickens are a benefit to any orch
ard. " There are heard complaints that
fruit trees did not do well In the chick
en yard, but In every case the owner
of the yard had set out trees without
regard to their suitability for the lo
cality. '
A man who is willing to buy fruit
trees as he would lumber need not ex
pect to get good results anywhere. The
purchase of fruit trees is a matter for
study, and Investigation. Find out from
the neighbors what varieties of apples,
pears, plums, peaches and cherries do
well in your locality. Then choose a
reliable nurseryman and take his ad
vice on varieties and location. Ask
your college or the horticultural de
partment., A man who doesn't know
what varieties to buy and says so, will
get the benefit of the experience of
those who know. Whereas, a man who
doesn't know and will not admit, is
not likely to be satisfied with his plant
ing, nnd if hie has planted In the chick
en .yard will find the chickens handy
as a scapegoat. ' ' -
' Chickens are a by-product" on most
farms. For that reason, it ig some
times best to have colony houses al
together for summer" use,; and move
the chickens where they can pick up
the most food. A permanent poultry
house requires yard room of 30 feet
William Sooy Smith Built
'lhe First Ali-Steel Bridge
William Sooy Smith, builder of the
first all-steel, bridge In. the i. world and
inventor of the pneumatic caisson, was
born in Ohio- July 22, 1830; graduated
at West Point in 1853 1 resigned from
the army, but, served during the Civil
war, and later became eminent as a
civil engineer nnd bridge builder. His
Invention of the pneumatic caisson rev
olutionlzed deep river! bridge building,
and he was the first one to. overcome
quicksands In making : foundations.
He was also a pioneer in moving big
buildings and In flie construction of
, skyscrapers. He was retired from the
army with rank of brrgadier general,
and died January 17, 1912.
Reverses as Business Man
Credited With Making Mark
Twain a Successful . Writer
,. Mark Twain's failure as a business
man Is said to have made him a great
er writer, Instead of having discour
aged the humorist in his work. It
was In. 1804 that his publishers
crashed, after having published "The
Adventures of nuekleberry Finn" and
"The American Claimant." The first
work was a success, but the second
met with reverses. When the pub
lishers found themselves in difficulty
they saddled the whole burden on
Twain, and he took it without a mur
mur. Had he not fniled in business
Twain might have been content to
rest on his laurels. Instead he went
about paying his debts, rflis tour
around the world was undertaken
expressly for that purpose. It was a
very successful tour, crowds turning
out to hear the famous American.
A product of his tour was "Follow
ing the Equator," which was a finan
cial success, navlng abandoned his
desire to become a business man he
then settled down to writing. In
189G he published "Pudd'nhead Wil
son," nnd "Tho Personal Recollec
tions of ' Joan of Arc" came out in
1897. nis critical essays nnd "Auto
biography" were noteworthy pro
ductions, written in a different vein
than his works before he devoted -his
entire life to wTlting.
Twain always hated sham or pre
tense. He was a- lover of the frank,
open-hearted man, which explains his
great hold on. his public. .
A gaunt1 brute bites sore.
French proverb.1 ; , -,
The bladder may be dipped,
but never drowned. Sibyl proph
ecy of Athens, .. ; ,, , :
, T,ho blade ... of , the sultan's
saber grows until it overtakes
the offender. 'Turkish proverb.
' According to the arm be the
; bleeding. ' ' '" ' "- " '- '
Blessed be St Stephen, there
Is no fast upon his even. ',
Blessings are , not valued un
til, they: are gone. ; , t
f -, A; blind., hen can,, spnietimes
'find corn. French proverbs".