Independence enterprise. (Independence, Or.) 1908-1969, December 21, 1917, Image 9

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    7
PAGE TSSESP
glOHT PAOtS
ZEPPELIN CAPTURED
11 ( '7
1 v ; r-; -u - ;
I Two v!fW of tlio grwil iuw t lt 'iN-tln which wim hroiicht down
irni-tlriilly unlnjurotl hy J'ri'tuli ai-tutur wlit'ii It wim rHumliiff from a rutd
(imt Loinlon, It ciiina to srnuml nnr l!uurtKiiim m linlns.
f
'AMERICAN NAVY
FED AND
High Standard Is Being Main
tained Despite High Cost
of Materials.
COST IS SECONDARY HATTER
feood Nourlihment ind Palntiblllty
First Conilderatlon In Selection
of Food Uncle Sam Coea Step
Beyond Other Countrlee In
Providing for Com
fort of the Men.
By JAMES H. COLLINS.
UVhlriKton, A Irlllnh navnl ofneer
fhi) lmi lifi-ii (liilriR t-nrnwork with
;tho Am. rli iin di'Mtroyorn In tho milima
i'rinn otiP wild the other 1uy: "There
nre luHt three miIiiIh upon which I
I would want to crltlclzo Undo Sum's
willors: Klrnt, thi-y nro too well fed;
m-rmid. they nre too well clothed;
third, they nro too well jmld,"
The hest fed body of men In tho
world," our tmvy linn been tiroiioiinced,
imd the figured Just eomillod for the
imvy rut ton IhU yeur nhow thiit tho
lilh Nturidiird has been nmlntiitned.
deipltp the rise In the rout of food ar
ticles, with very tittle extra expense to
I'lide Sinn,
Wnr Iiiin ridded Koine coinidlcntlona
to tin- tusk of feedliiR the nnvy. for
the miiiilier of men hii Biiddenly In-
ereiixed from nhort OI.OIK) to more thnn
nod hundred of amnll pittrol
honts iiiul suliiiiiirltie rlmHers linve been
manned by our nullorn on duty In const
defense districts and elsewhere. Uncle
Stun Iiiih been able to ninlntnln his
nnvy diet economically by large T"r"
chiiHcs for (he Increased forces.
Tnele Sum feeds his Hallors, not ex
actly regardless of cost, but with Pout
nlwnys the secondary consideration.
As Admiral Mefiownn, jiajTiiaster Ren
crnl or the navy imls It: "C'ost la n
I'.vproduet." nt tho Hailor eats Is
Koverni'd by tho revised Htntutes,
Which spi-elfy the qiliuit it ieS of tb!
various food staples whlh may be Is
sued to each man In the navnl service,
find Rood nourishment nnd palatabll-
I Hy come first, with cost llxnred out nt
tho end of tho year after tho men
hiivo been fed.
Increase In Cost.
The nnvy ration for 1917 cost
0.4-105 as iiRiilnst $0.37013 for 1016.
These mystic decimals Indicate fin ln-
1 of about 20 per cent over tho preced-
I Iiib year. Statistics compiled by the
I department of lnbor show that there
J was an Increase of 40 per cent In the
5 wholesale prices of tho principal Items
I of food. Had the nnvy ration ln-
i creased In cost to tho same extent, the
I outlay would hnve been sllshtly over
1 1.000 n day more, or $1,500,000 more
I on tho year, which may be regarded ns
1 money wived. ,
i Tho navy's high stnndnrd of diet
I was maintained with economy by the
flKld enforcement of the regulations
I prohibiting the purchase of patent nnd
I proprietary foods ; by closely scruttnlss-
Intj nil reports of the survey of provl-
t slonu rendered unfit for use, so that nil
r causes for loss could be eliminated ; by
Investigation In every ense where ships
operating under the same conditions
I showed a marked difference In the cost
! of tho ration ; by making cakes, pies,
I 'o cream, nnd so forth, on board ship,
i Instead of buying them ashore; and by
care In buying provisions at seasons
when they were most plentiful, and the
'est prices could bo obtained.
Tho nnvy ration is as much a matter
E pride to the officials who have it In
j charge ns are the marksmanship rec-
' ords of officers of the fleet.
! Schedule of Week's Meals.
Believing that the "proof of the
i P'tddlng is In the eating," the nnvy
. submits a complete weekly schedule vf
i meals served to the enrolled men 'ti
board a battleship at Boa, the protl-
, wons being furnished by a supply ship,
so that this schedule may be taken tut
J.. n" Illustration of what is accompllsh-
BY THE FRENCH
.. lis' ....
BEST
BEST CLOTHED
ed In feedliiK tho navy under the most
difficult cnndltlotia :
( KONDAT.
HriikfHM-Kr1il Won, fried tun,
(mt, riilkit oats, milk and augur, bread,
twiipr. cofr.
Mnner-Wiil frtrnnne with dumplings,
iiiimln-.l citnton, kidney tx-ans, gpiilo pie,
tirpiol. tiutlnr, cofTe.
fiujipur-VeitolRblB loup, crackir, rout
nt of l)"if, onion gravy, ginger rake,
Jam, trend, butter, tea.
TTTESDAT,
rtroaklmt-I'Vled hnlogna, fried pota
toes, rollcil nal, intlk and augar, bread,
hulti-r, mrfee.
1 (Inner Vornileelll mup, cracken, miuih
ed potatoes, kidney benne. apple pie,
brea.il. butter, roffee.
So ppcr- Filed liambiirger eteak, fried
onlone. lyonnuliie txitntooa, cocoanut cake,
fruit Jnm, bread, butter, tea.
WEDNESDAT.
Rrenkfant - Cereal, mlllc. and sua-ar,
baked benni. tomato nitup, ginger cake,
roltn. bread butter, coffee.
Pinner Chleken aoup, crackora, roaat
ehlrken Kith saa" nreaalas;. nuiHtied poU'
toea. creamed carrota with pea, Jelly lay
er rake Ice cream, nroaii, uuiter, conee,
Hopper Salmon lalad, mayonnalae
dreaiilnK, baked mararonl and cheeee. rice
custard, bread, butter, tea.
THUnSDAT.
Itreakfaat - Broiled beefateak,
gravy, inaalied potatoes, chilled
r.Tilp. tiread. butter, coffeo.
onion
sliced
Plnner-Itn-aded veal cutleti, tomato
n Fieiu-h fried potatoes, mnehed
turnips, niiixhod potntoea, apple pl. bread
itiotf.r. roffee.
Rupper-ItHllroad bnah, tomato catsup,
appla cake, not rona, orcuu, uuuo.,
FRIDAt
llreakfast-Orllled frankfurters, srrtddle
enkea, alrup. fruit Jum. oreuu, uu.,
r.i .Tnin sniin. rracKera,
codllKli on tmiKt browneu poiuiuw, .i....-
pie, bread, butter, coffee.
Huppcr-Uonat loins j,
brown
gravy, masneo puiai"",
beans,
peach cake, Ureaa, umo i, ..
SATURDAT.
Ttrenkfa"t--noPton bnked benns. tomato
jirenKi.i.i K,,ii,.r. coffee.
catHtip, entree r. "-. ' .
Unner-Ilreiidod loin pern h'i.
...... limn. Inmlis. sMuernnou, ,,.t,,.
nno hiii ii-i'i -- . , ,.,,ii,i
Rnnner-Ve:il currlo WHO i-nu i",
riwTread pu-MInK with sauce, bread, but-
tor, tea.
SUNDAY.
BreaUfaat-Frled corned-W
die cakea, alrup, frena
. D,"ner "n,. .tewed lima boans,
riaddlnjontoi, sauce, .c. cream,
"rlS meats, potato salad,
r. ""Jr Venal,., cold bean9, Jam, oreao.
i' i
butter, toa.
r nf Clothing,
lYICInw - - ..
ir,tiiinff war has
In the maicer ,,.
111 ' .,: ven trreater actlv-
brought ine " first t
lty. This winter for the flist t
"' Qnm'a .Tnck 1
X w'intcr c,th.n, TTor In
?he PC ceful winters since the Spanish
war most of our warships have spent
the "oZ months in tho West Indies
where .chiefly the lighter summer
clSng was adequate nnd the amount
of heavy winter clothing remilred very
TSL-fhl old navy of 04,000 men,
. Lit in a few months to more
Snnd iltlntothe chill,
, rfimatp of the submarine zone
fraSt up to latitude CO and nnyon
can see that a whole new scheme
clothing is required.
Just tho other day the navy was
compelled to issue a statement on this
to discredit rumors that Its men
f northern waters were Inadequately
toSrrr!S
7st dlv sion'of destroyers was sent to
Sop an wafers, and as a doth let
able to set a a The
u" ?. " I.- i wnrl months ago,
naSrn w eof winter clothing
and fitness far d yon" nteer
could be attnineoiyi&-
VV' 1 .Will -i t-"ll'f'"
effort, commendiihlo us the lutter !
may be.
Keep Jicklea Warm.
Kuril millor nerving In European wa
ter will hfivo an outfit of special
clothing dcHlfjrniid not only to keep, out
the cold, but nlso wlndproof and water
proof. Careful studies were made of
tho heavier winter clothing worn by
Hnllor In evt-ry allied fleet, and also
the Hporlal warm adjustable garments
used by iivlntonf flying at altitudes of
15.000 to 20,000 feet on the western
front, so that the American sullor will
not only be ns dry, wnrm, and com
fort tilde iih HiiHor ever was, but will
hnvct the freedom of movement and ab
Kenco of tho HotiHO of weight enjoyed
by tho hlrtlmen. The winter outfit
('oiikIkIh of n wlndproof suit with hood,
the outside ,f which In made of Imita
tion leather mid the Inside lined with
Hheopskln with the wool left on. Ills
feet will he protected Willi heavy arc
tics to he worn over ordinary, shoes,
and If hn serves on a destroyer these
will bo replaced with heavy leather
Kou-bootH, Ills hands will be kept
warm with hoavy woolen mittens, and
undi-rneiith lie will hnve heavy woolen
undTHhlrts. drawers, socks, nnd finally
n thick wool on blanket oversblrt with
tin additional hood. This Is the stand
ard winter outfit for general use, and
every condition of servlco and weath
er will he met by every type una
weight of garment doslgned from the
nallor working on dock In ordinary
cold climate, to the upeclul outfits for
navy aviators.
Free of Charge.
Uncle 8am has not only adapted
every good Idea in winter clothing
found In otI.cr ntivles, but bis added
Improvements to his own, and on top
of that la lasuirn? these winter clothes
to the men free of charge for their use
as long as they nro exposed to weath
er where the regulation navy uniforms
are not adequate. Getting this winter
clothing ready In time, upon short no
tice, and tho disturbed conditions of
wool supply and factory faculties
brought by the wnr was a man's sized
Job.
The navy has a clothing factory in
New York city where It Is able to sup
ply the fleet In ordinary times with
everything required in tne wny oi win
ter uniforms. But when this factory
was expnnded to the utmost extent It
could not provide emergency winter
gnrments for tho navy In war. feo a
irrent many contracts were placed with
outside fuctorles for overcoats, blue
uniforms, and special garments. Kven
then there was difficulty In obtaining
materials, such as raw wool and uni
form cloth, and it required vigilant
scouting of wool and textile experts to
dig up the supply nnd see that the
navy stundnrds or quality were ao.
hered to.
Once the navy has Its clothes, it can
and does Issue them to the fighting
men on a system that is ns imerai
and flexible as any In the world.
No Red Tape About It
There Is no red tape about clothing
thP fleet. The ships get their supplies
of clothing for sailors without requisi
tion, everything being figured out for
thorn bv Quantities based on tne rec
ords of the bureau of navigation wun
ten ner cent added on so that there
will surely be enough of everything.
With an Item like mittens 50 per cent
surplus Is furnished.
Some Idea of the magnitude of the
navy's clothing business may be
gained from the following contracts
awarded by the navy department sines
war began :
Cotton socks (pairs) 3,500,000
Woolen socks (pairs) 600,000
Shoes (pairs) 700,000
Jors0ys -m
Pnttnn undershirts 3,000,000
Nainsook drawers
.1,400,000
Handkerchiefs 'W
a iic nnn
it., II, towels
Blankets co0'000
Heavy undershirts B00.000
IJonvy drnwers l,uu,t
r.ith enris . . . . 450,t
Silk neckerchiefs 340.000
Hovei fnnlrs) 300,000
r r.,0 ..ntrsi 300,000
tin,.iwi t-.vMls for white
uniforms fvards) 6,000,000
rnn donim for dungarees
overalls), (yards) 3,000,000
Heavy ennvns for sails, awn
hammocks, cots! etc. (yards) 4,000,000
,eua enwrs 400,000
neavy overcoats 250,000
1-1 no cinth for shirts ana
junker, (yards) WJOO
Trousers cloth (yards) ..... .1,250,000
AMERICANS IN GERMAN ARMY
Enemy Forcing Sons of United State.
Citizens In Germany Into
Service.
Copenhagen.-The German military
authorities continue the practice of
nutting into the army persons living
to Germany who have lost their orig
inal citizenship wltnout acyumuB
an nationality. A new order says
hat former nationals of foreign states,
including former Americans, will not
be employed with the front-line troops,
Jut must serve in the armies of occu
notion 6r elsewhere behind the front.
P ih is applies to German-Americans
who returned to Germany to live after
he ng naturalized in the United States.
Th" children of such parents are 11
Se to service in the trenches In case
Soy have not completed the neces
sary steps to obtain American cltizen-
shlp" '
Family Tree In Window.
Ada Miss.-The ICUnger family tree
is on exhibition In a, local show win
io giving the ancestry of that fain
fly from 1795 to the present time
Adam and Eve Kllnger were born In
mB and 1738. twelve children being
born to them, from which sprang 1,
I pmrejattvga
STATE NEWS I
IN BRIEF.
One hundred and eighty-seven acres
of wheat land bought in August have
just netted A. L. Douglas of Pendle
ton a profit of 116,000.
Residents of Milwaukie have filed a
petition with the Public Service com
mission complaining as to the car serv
ice given by the Portland & Oregon
City road and asking for a hearing.
Albany high school may soon have
to close its manual training depart
ment for lack of instructors. Some of
the instructors have enlisted and other
teachers in the school are expected to
do bo later.
Competing with several private pav
ing and contracting firms, Clackamas
county won the contract for the com
pletion of the roadbed from Coalco to
Canemah by the State Highway com
mission Monday.
Hannes Fritz, of Huttulla, appeared
before Deputy Collector of Customs
Haudix at Astoria Wednesday, and
asked to have his Russian passport
vised so that he could return to Fin
land. The request was denied.
II. A. Johnson, said to have been
the oldest white child born in Oregon,
died at his home in Salem Monday. He
was born in Marion county, March 3,
1849. He lived in Salem for about
28 years and for many years was Jus
tice of the Peace.
Chairmen and campaign managers
for the Red Cross drive in every town
of Umatilla county were announced at
a meeting held in Pendleton Wednes
day. Plans were laid for a Christmas
drive that will start next Monday and
continue for a week. Umatilla county's
quota of members is 7500.
That the Hammond Lumber com.
nanv is to continue the construction of
its logging railroad from beasiae, a
distance of six miles, almost directly
south, was the announcement made at
the hearing before the Public Service
commission and the county court on
petitions to cross the road.
The Spokane, Portland & Seattle
Railroad, the Oregon Electric, the
United Railways and the Oregon Trunk
have petitioned the Oregon Public
Service commission for an order to
amend their demurrage traffic to pro
vide for elimination of the average
agreement as to coal and to change
the free time allowance on all com
modities from 48 to 24 hours.
No price fiixng on wool is being con
sidered or will be considered by the
National Council of Defense, according
to a wire received in Pendleton by a
prominent Umatilla county sheepman.
It is understood that this meets with
their approval, though there seem
ingly was a move, especially on the
part of, middlemen, to have a price
fixed that they might handle the prod
uct on commission.
Hiram L. Harned, of Baker, charged
with uttering seditious statements,
was fined $100 and sentenced to 60
days in jail in Police court Wednesday,
sentence being suspended. Harned
testified he meant no disloyalty, but
referred to President Wilson as a
traitor in order to start an argument.
Witnesses testified that two of his sons
had enlisted and he promised to refrain
from future talk that might get him
into trouble.
Sheriff Geer of Lincoln county has
received word of the finding of the
body of Fred Hill, aged 14, on tne niga
wav near Devils Lake. A trail of blood
led to the brush about 60 feet away,
where a gun was found. It is thought
the boy shot himself accidentally. The
death is being investigated.
C. Manska, 45, was arrested on the
waterfront at North Bend Friday and
taken before Deputy United States At
torney McKnight on a charge of hav
ing contravened the federal law con
cerning enemy aliens. He claims that
he is fully naturalized, but could not
produce his papers. An investigation
is proceeding.
Parole Officer Keller was designated
by Governor Wlthycombe Friday to
have charge of the squad of special
agents stationed at Oreeon City to pre
vent trouble between strikers and
strike breakers In the paper mills
there. The parole officer is instructed
to work In co-operation with the sher
iff and chief of police.
Two boys, giving their names as
Davis, aced 11. and Wayne Fra-
zier, who claims to be a year older
than his companion, were taken in
charge by Chief of Police Williams of
Roseburg Thursday near the local rail
road yards. The youngsters stated
they were enroute from Tacoma to
Grants Pass.
Farmers of the northwest will be
forced to handle grain In bulk because
of shortage and high cost of sacks, de
clared G. B. Hegardt, engineer of the
Port of Portland, in addressing the
state convention of the Farmers' Un
ion at Pendleton. , He said Portland's
$3,000,000 grain elevator will be ready
to take care of the emergency for the
nevt. harvest. Mr. Hegardt says the
government commandeered 50,000,000
sacks to make trench fortifications.
The farmers closed their three-day ses
sion with a banquet.
Governor Wlthycombe Friday re
ceived notification from Provost Mai;,
shal Crowder that the nominees se
lected by him to serve both as mem
bers of the legal and medical advisory
boards in the coming draft have been
appointed for Oregon by President wi
som ' ; : '- ' : '' '
Max Haake; of Mar'shfleld, German
engineer "on1 the 'gasoline schooner
Roamer, was arrested Friday when on
board the vessel by Deputy United
States Marshal Frank Berry. Haake
had been warned away from the water
front several times, but returned and
stayed aboard the Roamer. . ,
(t-e, if Vh "t4"4
1
I
N" a place built, like Bethlehem, in
many cases against the sou
limestone rock it often happens
that the existence of a cave where
the house was to be was a great at
traction since it offered a ready
made, dry, above ground cellar as
well as a specially suitable spot for
the household animals and for a
storeroom. It would 6eem that Jo
seph was (it last able to get room in
some such back portion of a house,
and there, we are told, Mary bore
her divine Son.
A cave below the high altar of
the Church of the Nativity is r.ow
shown as the very place where this
augusl event transpired ; a little re
cess, shaped like a clam shell, its
floor of marble wrought into a star
In the center, bearing in Latin the
words, "Here Jesus Christ Was
Born of the Virgin Mary." A row
of lamps hangs round the outer
edge, the right to attend to them be
ing a jealously watched matter, each
of the ancient churches, the Greek,
the Latin, the Armenian and the
Coptic, having one cr more of these
under its care.
The evidence for this site is so
jtrong that most persons accept it as
sufficient, reaching up, as it does, to
ivithca living memory of the days of
the apostles. But even if this be an
illusion the fact remains that in this
petty village the Saviour of the
world was made man for our re
demption. No wonder that we read
at the anthem of the angels, for
surely nothing could draw forth the
interest of the heavenly population
tike the exceeding grace God was
showing to sinful man.
The scer.e of the visit of the shep
herds is pointed out a3 on a rough
Bope; f acinar the village, at some
distance to the east, Bethlehem ly
ing far above on its mountain seat,
One can follow the shepherds in
their journey to see the unspeakable
wonder. They rould go along the
rich valley of Poaz and then tip the
terraced hill by a path still in use,
nor is it uninstructive to reflect
that, while simple shepherds were
led by angr-ls to the manger, the
high priest and the great of Jcrn
Ealem, so near, slept through that
most ilmstvious night of all history,
quite unconscious of what had hap
pened. b.i we know of it, and may
God grant that if we cannot go with
the stiepherda z: Eelhlebem vv-3 may
one day go io ti;e right hand of Uorl
and worship .him there, who that
night lay a little child in Mary's
arms. Dr. Cvr..i;ns:hum deikie.
Perhitf the most heroic at- v:
tempt to keep Christmas in
conventional fashion under
uii conventional condi
tions was itr.l made by the
late Lord Volseley, when a
ycung officer, in the trences
before Set?tepol during the ,
Crlrtiet-n i':ar sixty years ago.
lie on 3 his comrades decided
ifmt the Christmas should
be honored and that there
f should be a plum pudding.
If The "pvdftiig" was com-
m pounded nf biscuit, grease
$L a:id suc7i. fruit as could be ob-
$ tailed, the ingredients being
Sf vued in a fragment of a
f$ Russian shell. Wrapped in a
ciot.i, if teas ooiiea jor some
hour, and a tasty reminder
vf the great festival was ea-
'rf gsi'ly looked forward to by
L the hungry offlcers. Butbefore
t t.e pudding was considered
M "nooked" orders came trans-
M ferting Wolseley and his tent
companions to a distant part
of the works.
Should they leave the pud
ding until their return or eat
it as it wast They were hun
gry, and the latter course was
decided upon. The "pudding"
was duly swallowed, and
away they went in obedience
to orders. Late that night
Wolseley was troubled with
internal disturbances that ne
cessitated the doctor's kindly
ministrations. It seemed, said
the future field marshal, as if
pieces of Russian shell were
rotting against each other
inside. It was the only pud
ding, the first and last, he
ever made. , ....
"Dun t pm Until
fef
My Love hath tent a gift to
me, - T
But though that gift I long to V 7
ee, jf
The packefi label taya me
nay
"Don't open until Christmat f
S3f aav-.If
f Till Christmas day how long r
to wan if
SK And pine, yet hold inviolate fcrf
j The tan, too strict for Adam's fU
Ml, CW
"Don't open until Christmas
dayl" fcjf
On Christmas day shall I le j
here f
To joy in that which now
were dear? ft
And must I heed these runes J
fftof say, Ir
K
Erf "Don't open until Christmas -i
f dayt" r
9
JSftottld Time, the churl, have f
power to hold ?
In chech each word, each f?
deed of old I
Through this decree of drear ?
delay, r
i&f
"Don't open until Christmas f
- 7J
f For there he hearts and
$ purses, too l&f
Locked fast to Love the long V
year through
By that same word, which
fools obey, Wi
"Don'f open until Christmas gi;
day" ..A'
Ah, Love, the sages all allow M J
The time for any joy is now I KJ
Then charge me never more,
I Pray,
"Don't open until Christmas yt
Vhz Golden
Cbristmastide
f 7NDER the far blue Syrian sky,
Was born the Conqueror of,
ueain,
Who bore credentials from on high ;
In Bethlehem and Nazareth.
Then came the new and better times;
One lone star signaled far and wide,';
And now we ring melodious chimes '
To mark the holy Christmastide.
Come young and old from every side;:
Come rosy maid and gentle swain, ,
It is the holy,
Christmas
tide
That joyously
we meet
again.
The holly hangs
upon the.
door.
It is no time for
work or woe.
Koto jollity commands the floor,
And joy comes with the mistletoe.
Bring in the Yule log's ancient flame,
The soused boar's head, a rich re
past. Let sorrow go the way it came;
Let care be to oblivion cast.
The sweet clear' voices sound without
Sackbuts and shawm make whole-'
some glee.
Twined is the boar's head round about
With garlands rich and rosemary. ,
And now the foaming wassail bowl ,
Shall bring us comfort and delight.
This is the sea-
son of the
soul,
From golden
morn to star
ry night.
Naught care we
for the pierc
ing cold,
The drifted
snow or rag
ing blast, j
For Christmas never shall grow old i
From eons new or centuries past. .
Quaint mummers mingle in the scene,
Where pudding mates with ctirxst-
mas pie. r
The rooms are thick with evergreen,
And happiness lights every eye.
Let Fortunatus turn his horn ,
Of basket loads to famished need,
For on this day the One was born
Who knew no mark of class or creed.
Then welcome, merry Christmastide,
Another hour before we go.
The rosy girl
close at our
side ' '
We'll kiss be
neath the mis-, .
tletoe.
Deep, mellow
bells salute
i the air
With benls"-"
sent far i
.: wide. ;
Good will and joy go everywhere
Upon the golden Christmastide. j
Joel Benton. I
The Sweetest of All.
Christmas Is a jolly day, but let us
not forget that It Is Christ's birthday
and that to make someone else happy
ta the sweetest tbfag of all.