Independence enterprise. (Independence, Or.) 1908-1969, May 25, 1917, Page PAGE FIVE, Image 5

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. 1
W. J. CLARK, Publisher
Bantered at tUa poatoftloe at lade
BvnUence, Oregon, M second cls
Db year In advance fl.Btf
tlx months In tdrance - - .T5
Three months In advance - . .SO
Friday, Hay 25, 1917.
America, to thee
We pledge our loyalty.
Mind and hand;
Thy laws be wisely made
And faithfully obeyed.
Thy honor ne'er betrayed
God keep our land,
It is e'asily apparent that with con
gress and the Interstate commerce
Commission pursuing one course and
the legislature and railroad com
missions, of 48 states pursuing an
other, it is only a matter of a short Non eof U8 U8ed to think much
time until the railroads of the United about ft when we saw raJIroad
States Will be forced bv impaired ere i companies scrapping to the
Collier's edited by Mark Sullivan
is not noted for reactionary or
stamtpat oonser atlsm. It is progres
sive In spirit whiv h is not true of all
But it takes American view points
in placing business Interests fore
most and giving Unolc Sam an equal
break in the markets of the world
a free field.
It does not believe in giving rail
roads, foreign shipping-, manufactur
ing and other large interests the as
for merely temporary political effc
It publishes an interview with
Judge Gary of the V. S. Steel Cor
poration in which he says: "Corpor
ation managers should from high
motives of honor and integrity live
up to their great public responsible
ties and where these motives are
inoperative, they should be forced
to do so."
As to real preparedness to hand
le the commerce of the world Judge
Gary says: "The first step, how
; ever, is the repeal of existing laws
hinipcring the chance of develop
ment. The LaFollette Act should
be r;pealed; also any other restric
tions should be repealed or modi
fied which deter capital from such
an enterprise. The time has come
when the need of sufficient trans-
potation facilities in our own hands
is felt more than ever by large ex
porting con.erns. Capital would be
forthcoming as never before if Am
eri an capital - were given a fair
show in competition. Our own com
pany would proDably buy forty or
fifty ships tf we could operate them
without these vexious restrictions.
dit to abandon Improvement better
ments and extensions and, what is
worse, begin to lower the quality of
the service.
The efforts of congress and the
Interstate Commerce Commission
have been largely confined to reg
ulation of rates and service, practic
ally the only two phases of railway
regulation involving the general wel
fare and in which the public is at all
The efforts of state legislatures
have been largely devoted to
passage of "stuffed" crew
dit,ch to prevent being1 put under
Jurisdiction of state railroad com
The railroads have now of their
own accord asked that they be plac
ed entirely under the control of one
national regulating body in order
that conflicting rulings may be done
away with and red tape and expens
es caused by 4S state commissions
This is the logical outcome of the
movement to regulate freight and
ho passenger traffic in the U. S. and
lawn the roads are to be commended for
train limit laws, electric headlight i volutarily asking for it instead of
law, laws requiring numerous and in waiting until it was forced on them,
many respects useless reports, and i Tne tlloe 18 now on e other foot,
other laws whose only purpose is to j however, and different officials on
require more pay for less work and ' state railroad commissions are
the employment cf men with nothing 'fighting tooth and nail to prevent
general federal regulation.
The main argument seems to be
that the state would get no service
for them to do, while the state com
missions have been largely engaged
es umpires between rival communi
ties, hacking away at rates because ; under such a system
one community thought that another We can aee no force t0 tnlB M lt
community encroached too far on its j1" 8n sdmitted fact that federal reg
territorial monopoly.with little or no ulation is always more severe and
thought f the vitally economic fact effective than local regulation for
that 85 p?r cent of the commerce of jan illustration take the national
this country is interstate and that banks. No one wi 1 claim a national
the thing which concerns the public ka.nk is not as well regulated as a
luott of all is a system of reason- state bank and the system is uni
able interstate rates. This is essen-j form-
tially true of the long-haul west j The amusing part is to see state
whose products must be moved on in-; officials instead of the railroads
tterstate rates thousands of miles to fighting f'deral regulation.
the markets of the (East.
The "stuffed" crsw laws (erron
eously called full-crew) enacted by
the various states for the sole pur
pose of creating more jobs have in
creased the cost of service to the
public more than $4,000,000 a year
and apparently the end ia not yet,
and other companion legislation has
raised this burden to $28,000,000 a
Laws and orders of commissions re
quiring reports have occasioned an
Increase of 88 per cent in the num
ber of general office clerks! and an
increase of $44,000,000 a year in the
cost of general clerical service.
Here alone when added to the $28,
000,000 is an increase in cost of ser
vice of $72 000,000 a year, practic
ally wasted, whereas if left in the
trea -ury of the ri'roads would have
served as a bisls cf $1,440,000 of cre-
Round-Up Program June 15-16
Event No. 1.
Maveric Race. Steer to have fifty
ftet start, first man to have rope
on both horns wins $5.00.
Event No. 2.
Pony Express race, for champion-
' ship, one mile. Riders to start in
front of grand stand and change ev
ery quarter mile. Each rider allowed
catcher and holders. Best total
time in two day wins.
Event No. 3
Goat roping contest for champion
ship of the world. Goat to have fif
ty feet start, man to ride to and
roap goat, leave horse and tie goat
three feet crossed. Best time in
each day wins.
Event No. 4.
Riill.rtnirlnc f-nntf'P.t StAfr to
dit for new construction betterment. t
American ingenuity and skill again
tops into th) lime light with nine
regiments of railway engineers be
ing organized to go to France and
fctraUuten but work on lines of com
tnunlcatilon. The regiments will be raised from
the great railway 'canters cf the U.
S. and w ill fee railway engineers and
The fact that American engineers
from private railroads are to be
the first men sent to the front to
work .on lines of government opera
ted systems of privately owned and
operat.d railroads.
It Is an admitted fact that we have
the finest trains, running on the
fastest time with lowost rates and
be t accommodations of any country
in the world and yet there are many
politicians nad well meaning people
ho advocate the European system
of government ownership in the U.
Bud imnrovements of the
Due to th se various laws and or
der of commissions the railroads in
the yea r 1915 w re required to make
2,991,776 reports th" expense of
and throw steer and hold one hand
in the air,each man allowed one help
er. Event No. 5.
Cow Girl Relay Race for champion
shin b tween Bertha Blanchit, the
ch' mDir n girl relay race rider of
which rm Into the millions.
.... . . M - M l.nwmanA r-O .
B.tner m me lorrnot IB....-- th(j wor,d and Jennie TayJorj cnam,
VI -
p on girl elay race rider of Arizona,
Riders to start in front of grand
st nd nnd 'hango qnarter mile, each
rid r t h v catcher and holders.
b st totri t me in two days wins.
Event No. 6.
fKck'ng - ontest for championship
deny must ultimately fall cn the pub
lic. All of which emphasizes the m-portan-e
of the pcnI-g congression
al inves'isatlon of the conditions for
the purrose, let us hop' , of investing
some f-derrl trbunal wn excuwivt- of wnrd frfm furnl8hed and
regulatory authority over arteries, of nulbDed by management, each rider
Steamer Trunks t
to ride any horso and as many times
as Ji-d s th nk necessary, all hor-
s in re rlden with halter and sin-
g'e rtln, fio Rbure of horses allow-
The Louisville Courier-Journal has
this to say about Dry Georgia:
An Internal Revenue agent who Is
assigned to duty in Georgia says that
it is impossible to catch moonshiners
in some of the counties because the
county officers will not co-operate with
Federal agents, but on the contrary
protect the makers of whisky. In such
counties moonshine stills are running
night and day. Federal officers must
avoid county offlcers if they would
nourish a hope of detecting proprie
tors of Illicit stills.
The situation is familiar in other
States. The local "still house," as It
is called, can not be abolished by leg.
islative enactment, as the large II
censed and regulated distilleries might
be. It can be hidden, behind the brush
and behind the coattalls of sympa
thetic sheriffs, and must be found be
fore it can be closed or destroyed.
is a simple, cheap outfit which can be
replaced and put again into operation
when the backs of officers are turned.
The reputable distillery, operated
under the law, and paying its part to
ward the expenses of the state and
county governments; contributing to
the schools, the roads and to occasion
al enterprises planned for the public
benefit, may be put off of the -map by
the making of a law. It is not going
to slink in the woods with the fox, bur
row In the ground with the woodchuck,
or "fix" the county officers with part
of the proceeds of its business. There's
an end of distilling as a large business
when there's an end of its legalised
distillery, but the obieure neighbor
hood whisky factory may continue.
The elements entering lnte the make
up of whisky are home-grown and
easily secured. A sympathetic neigh
borhood, even where the county offr
cers are austere and Incorruptible,
acts as a network of protective alarm
signals for the moonshiner.
Where laws have been passed to
abolish bookmaklng at race tracks,
and where there has been an effort
to enforce the laws, public gambling
on races has ended, but the concealed,
more deadly down-town, all-the-year
poolroom has not been closed. The
races were ended In some states. The
revenues derived from them were
topped. The breeding of horses was
discouraged. Legitimate enterprise
was dealt a hard blow, but the book
makers continued to fatten on the fa
vor of the police and the folly of the
piker in gambling places which posted
odds on races all the way from Winni
peg to Kingston.
Where the abolishment of distilling
is contemplated the question for the
sincere advocate of the uplift to con
sider is not whether dfstlllers and sa
loon owners can be put out of busi
ness, but whether the making and sell
ing of intoxicants can be ended by put
ting the distillers out ot business, and
sacrificing upon the artar of social
welfare the substantial rewues which
arise from a legalized and regulated
wholesale and retail distention of In
The little local "still house" is a
large and a known quantity in the
equation of the seeker for true and
universal temperance, or the advocate
of universal abstinence.
HOW) do you icnow
where the honeysuckle grows ?
ose JMiows
and with equal certainty your nose knows
good tobacco. Pure fragrance is the soul
of things. A tobacco with a satisfying,
pure fragrance will prove a smoke with
a soul.
Such a Tobacco is
ThePerfect Tobacco or Pipe end Citfarvtt
Made, as it is, from an expert blending of
rich, ripe Burley leaves, grown in the
sunny "Blue Grass" section of Old Ken
tucky, TUXEDO has a pure fragrance
that is all its own.
Try this Test: Rub a little Tuxedo briskly
in tne paim ot your hand to
bring out its full aroma.
Then smell it deep its deli
cious, pure fragrance will
convince you. Try this test
with any other tobacco and
we will let Tuxedo stand
or fall on your judgment
"Your Nose Knows"
I I II IT Mi min-
A fcl -T-1 linln . .
mi i i-unn,, i ne famous ROOT
and BERRY remedy for RHEUMA
TISM. Contains no opiates or chemicals,
and wUl not injure the most delicate
tomach or digestion. Results
guaranteed or money refunded. Price.
f per outfit. For sale by
Office In Cooper Building.
Phone Main 7821.
lntfep.nrfer.ot, .... Oreoen
Vote "Yes" on the $e,000,000
road bond bill at the special
election June 4th.
Because Oregon needs good
Because a dollar's worth of
road is assured from every dol
lar expended.
Because every favorable vote
is a vote to help pull Oregon
out of the mud.
Because the state is now
spending $4,000,000 annually
without getting adequate re
sults. Because all sections of the
state will benefit directly from
the roads to be constructed.
Because good roads increase
real estate values both in the
city and throughout the state.
Because proposed bond issue
will provide good roads at no
greater cost than state is now
paying for poor ones.
The VetterJnarlan
Corner 4th and D Streets.
Phone 3122
uicr, ,ncea and E(jgs Direct
That a deposit of $10.00
month in our Savings
Department will amount to
in ten years.
rarmers State Bank
0'"c In Coop.r BulWl
Phone Mala 1021.
" 0r8n
There'. ......
w fiticuar pH.i, .
work with proper hcintl Wd
rl printcrs-w..,,
W Carry the
Offlc with L. D. Br"
3 Mill Street
with tf Farmer 7
Hrt leaver. J