PENDENCE 1 w u:u nu nu nu k.t KIFTKKNTH YEAH. INDKPKNDKNCE, OHEGO.V, rjlUHSDAY, OCTOIiKK 22, 1908. NUMBER 21 DE inn If RITES LETTER TO PRESIDENT INDIANA FARM HAND TILL PRESIDENT SOME FACTS. Lono Hours on tho Farm Eight Hour In tho Foronoon and Eight In tho Afternoon Drlvo Young Man to Sotk Oth tr Employment An Indiana farmhand has written m letter to President Roosevelt about tho work which tho Country Llf Oommlmilon la carrying on. The President ha turned the letter over to the Country Llf Commission and tho CoininUalon haa asked the farm hand to write aome more. "1 have been a farmhand Just long enough." says the President's cor respondent, "to learn tho cause of ao many aona and dauhtrs and well meaning farmhand leaving tho beau tlful farm and country and going to tbe city. A lack of order and system on the farm and too long hour for a day M what la driving the best mind from the farm to the city and bop. What can we expect of band, or the farmer'a wife and her icrterity. In the way of Intellectual d vt l I'liient when they get out of their beds at 3:30 in tho morning and work from that time until 8 or 9 p. m.? And no attention paid to the sanitary condition of the homo, and necessary conveniences on the farm for doing the farm work with the KttHt lubor and time." This man has given tho Country Life CommlHHlon some very Interest Ing first-hand Information about rural conditions and recommendations based on a long experience In farm work and farm life, lie haa worked for all kinds of farmers, good and bad, he says, and he hus always had his eyes open to detect the causes of their success or failure. He has drawn his own conclusions and sets them forth In downright, straight-forward fashion. Education pays In farming, he says. The farmer who plans out his work and carries It through In a systematic, business-like manner, JuBt as the city man does, will be able to shorten the hours of labor. J "So many farmers measure everything on the farm from the standpoint of muscle," he continues, "and are extreme In some things and slack In others. I decided sev eral years ago that life Is too short to work for Peter Tumbledown farmers." "Now, Mr. President," he writes, "you can take this for what It is worth. , I have not given you half of my experience." The Country Life Commission has written him that his suggestions are so useful that they hope he will send more. Compel tho farmer to be a busl noun man." he says "Go Into the homes of some of the farmers and the so-called farmers and ascertain how they live, and learn of their methods of doing the business which they are engaged. And you will be surprised what a variety you will find. Ascertain what they read and what stress they put on the lit erature that comes into their homes (if any comes) bearing on the busl nesH thev are engaged In. See what per cent study their business. "Give me the educated farmer as a boss and the educated farmhand as a hand. When I come in contact with a hand or farmer that studies his business I find him advancing, and it Is a pleasure to work for such men. "The majority of the farmers are eight hour men, that Is, eight hours In the forenoon and eight In the at- ternoon. Eight or ten hours on the farm cannot well be adapted In all cases, but It need not be from four teen to sixteen hours. If the family arise every morning at 5 o'clock and the wife and daughters attend to the household duties, and the farmhands and sons attend to the chores and go to the field at 7 o'clock and work until 11 or 11:30 and go to the field again at 1 and keep at it until 6 o'clock, and go to the house and eat the supper and then do the evening chores, they, have done a farm day's work. Regular hours for work, and regular hours for meals, and regular hours for sleep, and regular hours for rest and recreation, with plenty of standard papers and books, Including iho best agricultural paper an book, and full fulfil In (iod. and Kutid grub I wanted. "Tim family should rise at five o'clock on Bunds? morning a well on week days, and do tho neeeasarj Hominy morning chore, and then go to church and show the business man In the city that Sunday on Iho farm doe not roiuttNt In changing the stock from one field to another, or lulling It, or unloading a load of hay that was brought In on Saturday evening. "Coming to the meals at the meal hour make It easy on tho wife so the can arrange her household duties In order, a can also the husband his farm work. "Men of worth and standing In the shop and city tell me that If order and system were used on the farm they would go back to the farm. If the farmer want to keep hi sons and daughter on tho farm he must not lenglhen the hours for a day's work at both ends. Limit tho hour of work on tho farm to twelve or thirteen with pay for overtime, and freedom to the hired man on Hun day." The Country Life Commission wel comes letters like this, because as Prof. L. II. Bailey, chairman of the commission, recently pointed out.one of the objects of the Investigations of the commission will be to obtain, as fully as possible, the opinions of both farmer and of their hand con' cernlng the question of farm labor and the condition of hired help. It la likely that whun the Country Life Commission rescue Indiana In the tour of the country which It will make early next month It will en deavor to get Into personal ; touch with this letter writer. Harper' Boom Northwest. Harper's Weekly Is plaunlng a ser es of artlclc-s on the Pacific North west to appear In early Issues, and J. K. Mumford, one of America's most prominent magazine writers, is personally gathering the data now. R EPWUNS MEET FRIDAY Tomorrow, night Hon. R. R. Butler will address Independence people on the political issues of the day. Mr. Butler is one of the good speak ers of Oregon and has met with crowded houses In all parts of the Btate where he has delivered ad- resses. Special arrangements have been made for an Interesting pro gram and a good time Is assured to all who will come out. Come out and bring the children. There will be something for thefr enjoyment as well. A special invitation Is extend ed to the women. ORCIIARDISTS CONVENTION WILL MEET IN PORTLAND DE CEMSCR 1, 108. Big Fruit Men of tho Entlro North west Will Attend This Convention Exhibit of Oregon's Best Fruit From All Section Will Bo Mad ENJOINED FROM HOP CONTRACT Another step was taken In the cel ebrated case of the Krebs Hop Co, vs. Llvesley, et al, when the supreme court granted a restraining order yes terday enjoining the defendants from execution of judgement received In superior court for collection of money on a hop contract. The supreme court at the same time gave itself the power to enjoin using liberal con struction of the statutes. Dealing as It does with a hop con tract, great Interest is shown In this case by the farmers of Marlon coun ty, from which court it was appealed. The judgement amounted to $4048. The suit started asking for advance payment of a hop contract and judg ment was awarded. Contention was made before the lower court that the money should be paid before the de livery of hops and was sustained. The plaintiffs alleged that there had been no delivery or tender of the heps and that they were sold to other parties and that defendants were insolvent. The restraining or der enjoining from execution of judg ment was issued temporarily until the hearing. . . , . . . Mr. Orchardlst, da you know that now Is the time to select that choice fruit which I to make your section a name for tho production of first clime fruit "a good as Hood Rlv er?" Do not wait till Christ ma and then complain because people arc talking of your neighbors' fruit and not of yours. Make up your mind now to capture some of the cups and awards to be given by the Oregon '.Slate Society. Write Jas. 11. Reld, of MllwMuklo. Oregon, for a list of prize, ai.d then sav your best fruit for competition In , one or more classes. This I the greatest meeting and exhibit ever held in Portland and you will n ;ver cease regretting It If you fall to be In evidence at that meet ing and have your best fruit entered In the running. The society will keep your exhibit in cold storage, fno. If you wish it write to Mr. Rel as to details. We are not ready to announce the program yet, but we will have some of the best talent In the country and th'i whole event will be an epoch u.iking occasion in the history of North west horticulture. A score or more of splendid cups, medals, awards and ribbons will be ai signed to the winners in the vari ous classes and you ought to take home some for the credit of your faction as well as Jor your own per sonal (pleasure. It will do you a world of good to moot Ce big fruit men from British Columbia, Montana, Idaho, Washlng- on, Oregon, California and outside points. One of the interesting feat ures of the meeting will be a ques tion '. box. If you have a Question that you deBlre answered by the convention send It in and designate who shall answer it if you wish a particular person to consider it. Let us have the questions- early, so that all may have a chance to sea what is coming. Delegates from all parts of this northwest region will obtain reduced rates on the railroads and "Horticul tural Week" in Portland will be a red letter day for the fruit growers of the Pacific Northwest, December 1 to 5, 1908. Polk County Valuation. Following Is a slatenxnt of valua tion iiimJo out from tbe assessment roll fur 1S0 by the county asses sor, C, 8. Graves, a publlnhed In tho Ori'goultn this week. It gives tho following summary of valuations and Ibn gross valuation of all the taxable property In the county. The summary will bo subject to slight revisions by the Board of Equalisa tion, which meet this week, but the changes will not have any appreci able effnet on the total of the valua tlons: Tillable land. 116.626 acres. I3.27M60 Non-tillable land, 329,856.62 acres 3,364,850 Improvements on deeded or patented land 127.690 Town and city lot . ... .. 289.240 Improvement on town or city lot 621.940 Improvement on lands not deedfd or .patented Railroad bed (73.67 miles) . . Telegraph and telephone line (178.&0 miles) .... Railroad rolling stock .... fit -?iiu' osts, engine and manufacturing machinery. Merchandise and stock In trade 227,106 Farming Implements, wag ons, etc., Money Notes snd accounts Shares of stock Household furniture Horses and mules (4843) .. Cattle (7674) Sheep snd goats (35,576) .. Swine (3946) Dogs (09) .. 31.380 704,800 20,704 77,170 137,945 71.635 42,930 80,355 103.520 k 141,005 183,070 97.975 66,5 10.830 1.805 Gross val. all property $10,079,430 For Chapped Skin Chapped skin on the hands or face may be cured in one night by applying Chamberlain's Salve. It is also unequalled for ' sore nipples. burns and scalds. For sale by P. M. Kirklnnd. DAIRY EXPERT COMPLIMENTS Had a Close Call. JUrs. Ada L. Croom. the widely known proprietor of the Croom 'Ho tel, Vaughn, Miss., says: "For sev eral months I suffered with a severe cough, and consumption seemed to have its grip on me, when a friend recommended Dr. King's New Discov ery. I began taking it and three bot tles effected a complete cure." The fame of this lifesaving cough and cold remedy, and lung and throat healer is world wide. Sold at all druggists. 50c and $1.00. , Trial bot tie free. Political Speaker Interrupted. Public speakers are frequently in terrupted by people coughing. This would not happen if Foley's Honey and Tar were taken,, as i it, 'cures coughs and colds and prevents pneu monia and consumption. - The gen uine contains no opiates and is in yellow package. Refuse substi tutes. D. G. Dove. - SAID BY SALEM STATESMAN The possibilities of the news, paper field in small cities are shown to some extent by the rapid growth of the. Indepen dence Enterprise during the past few months under the able management of Chas. B. Hicks, a former member of the States man force. Since , assuming charge, Mr. Hicks has built up the subscrip tion list, done away with "ready. print patent insides, furnishing an eight-page paper teeming with ' live local news and advertise ments of "merchants ' from Inde pendenceiSalem, and the sur rounding towns. He now carries about five times as much paid advertising matter as formerly, and has tadopted a 'strong 'editor ial policy. Mr. Hicks is just- now install ing j a Mergenthaler Junior , lino type machine of the latest model, something attempted by few' coun try weeklies in the United States. Hen. F. H. Scrlbner, president of the Wisconsin Buttermakers Associa tion, but more especially honored in the Pacific Northwest as the breeder of ""Loretta D" (oelonging to the W. S. -X.add Estate, Portland, Oregon), the cow that won first prize in the hundred and twenty day milking test at the St. Louis Exposition in 1904, has said: ""There Is no spot in our great United States that can excel Oregon and Washington in dairying. This is my conclusion after spending six weeks In the former state and thor oughly Investigating several of her baautiful valleys, and after an ex tended trip through Washington. I wJsh to say to the dairymen and far mers of this section, relative to Its dairy possibilities, that I fear they don't fully appreciate the wonderful opportunity here for the raising of fteds best adapted to the dairy in dustry, and the excellent climatic con dLtlons for the growth and develop ment of stock. You should here reach the climax of productiveness. Mr. Scrlbner's Wisconsin farm of eighty acres supports, under his skill ed management, ninety head of stock. ANTIOCH. Thomas Strain of Monmouth was In this neighborhood the first of the week. William FIshback made a business trip to the county seat Wednesday, Chas. Osborn of Black Rock was visiting friends here last week. Roy Clarke, who has been visiting his sister, Mrs. Retta Hamer, of Sa lem, returned home Sunday. Joe Brown of near Alrlie was here Saturday buying goats. "' Joe Housman and family - of Mop- mouth -were guests of i Mrs. Hous- man's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Bosley, Sunday. .1 I Mrs. W. H. Mack has gone on an extended visit ' with relatives in Min nesota. x ; i ! 6.' mV Lehman and family of Mon mouth have moved to Mrs. Bressler's place. '' ': "v "' :"' ' , ' ' Our school teacher, A. J. SbipW, attended the teachers' institute last week at Dallas. WONDERLAND Moving Pictures of Merit and Illustrated Songs Only Theatre in Polk County rerformances every evening at 7:30 and Matinees Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday afternoons MIRTH AND PATHOS ADMISSION lO CENTS Pianos Organs Sewing Machines . Talking Machine Records Piano and Organ Studies Sheet Music Extras for Ail Makes of Sewing Machines Ranis of success of Old and Relia ble House of Geo. C. Wills Good goods, right prices, posi tive guarantee, and defects (the fault of instru ment) repaired free of charge. GEO. C. WILL, 121 Commercial Street Salem, Oregon. J. A. PATTERSON Home Furauhingi, Wall Paper A line of Hardware, Tools and Kitchen Utensils, Stoves and Ranges Telephone 947 Main 285 N. Commercial Street, SALEM, OREGON SALEM, OREGON Salem's Up-to-Date Store Is Here With the Goods The grandest assortment of Beautiful Fall Merchandise that was ever seen in this city. You can see style, fashion and beauty in every ready made garment and piece of goods shown. Remember we are the makers of low prices. (. rv r l Lress Ljooqs ana Silks Our assortment is great and our prices cannot be btat. Fall Suitings yard 25c, 85e, 49c, 66c, 76c and up, Dress Silks In a grand assortment of styles and patterns. Yard, 25c, 35c, 49c, 65c ana up. Hosiery and Un derwear In Fall and Winter-weight at special Low Prices. 19c, 25c, 35c, 49c arid up. If you want the best values in Salem in Outing Flannels, Blankets, Comforts i and Flannels icome to the CHICAGO STORE. Trimmed Hats now selling for $1.50, $2.50 $2.95, $3.50 and up. Women's Tailor Made Garments and - Millinery at Wonderfully s J,, . Low Prices. , ; SUITS: $8.50, $10.50, $12.50, S14.50 and up.'