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About Polk County observer. (Monmouth, Polk County, Or.) 1888-1927 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 31, 1916)
ittti nu r onTTMTV fVR SERVER. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1918 j
iww " " ' r T-55".
Published Each Tuesday u Friday
Office 517-619 Court Street
Telephone ....Main 19
BY II. W. BRUNEI
One Tear II. 60
Six Months 76
Three Montha .40
No subscription taken unless paid
for In advance. This Is Imperative.
Entered as second-class matter In
ut rstomce at Dallas, ureg-on.
President Charles Hashes
Vtee-Presldent, Charles W. Fairbanks
Congress W. C. Hawter
Representative Conrad Stafrln
Joint-Representative W. V. - .Her
District Attorney Walter L. Toose, Jr.
County Clerk Fred J. Holm an
Sheriff John W. Orr
School Saperlntend't A Interim J. Fuller
Treasurer A. V. R. Sn vder
Assessor Carl 8. Graves
Commissioner Mose Nanston
Surveyor Homer Robb
Coroner R. 1m Chapman
An International Song.
Sing a sons of Europe, highly eivi
Four and twenty nations wholly hyp.
When the war was opened
Bullets began to sin?.
Isn't that a dreadful way
To serve for any king?
Kings are in the backgrounds iasuin;
Queens are in the parlor, as etiquette
Bankers in the counting-house.
Common people at the front,
Doing all the dying.
Charles Evans Hughes for president '
We said that we were beginning to
have considerable respect for Coloaol
Harvey. It was not because he print
ed such a crushing broadside against
Wilson, although that ia sufficient to
vn respect from many people. The
colonel does a little business on the
side as a political forecaster, and it
was bis work in that direction t'uil
first directed our attention to thi
man. Here are a few of his prognos
lieat ions :
In 1904, ho predicted that Roose
vflt would receive 314 electoral votes.
Roosevelt received 336.
In 1908 his forecast was that Taft
wouM get 338 votes in the electoral
edit ge. Taft received 321.
In March, 1911, a year before the
caucuses were held and eighteen
months before the election. Colonel
Harvey in The North American R
view predicted that Woodrow Wilson
would be the Democratic nominee for
1 resident and W. H. Taft the nominee
of the Republicans. It came out so.
Colonel Harvey in October, 1912
iovecasted the result of the election
in November by saying flint Taft
would caiT.v only Utah and Vermont.
Further he marked thirty-seven of the
states to show how thev would vote
and eleven ha closified as doubtful.
When the returns were in they show
ed that thirty-six of the states voted
as be said they would and he had
made a mistake in only one.
That shows that the colonel knows
something about political conditions.
It also shows that when be fore-
oasts the election of Charles Evans
Hughes in November he knows what
he is talking about.
AS A POLITICAX FORECASTER.
We are beginning to have consider
able respect for Col. George Harvey.
For the past eight or ten years be has
posed as a, sort of political accouch
eur and he flaunted his occupation in
the face of the rest of his editorial
brethren so frequently and with such
evident pride that it mado many of
ns weary. When the unfortunate
Woodrow Wilson was a professor at
Princeton. Colonel Harvey professed
to see that the body politic was in an
interesting condition, and as the un
fortunate Mr. Wilson progressed to
the presidency of his college, then to
(lie governorship of his state and fi
nally to the presidency of the T'nited
States, Colonel George stood by with
a broad smile on his face shouting.
"Didn't I tell you sof"
But when Professor Wilson, just!
ibafore the national convention tH
3912, openly requested the colonel to
stop "rooting" for him, because the
colonel's support just at that time
might injure him in the west, the col
onel remembered the fntc of Franken
stein and kept on shouting for Wil
son. Atter the election, however, the
colonel, like an honest man, exercised
his right of judgment and began to
judge President Wilson by his acts.
When Wilson did what the colonel
thought was right, the colonel freely
gave his approval, but when the pres
ident quibbled and went dead wrong.
Colonel Harvey was not slow in say-
ing so. The president had no better
friend than Colonel Harvev and the
colonel's friendship is shown in the
criticisms of the president's couise
from the beginning down to the pres
For in the current number of The
North American Review Colonel Har
vey publishes ns the leading article a
little campaign document of thirty
four pages entitled, "For President,
Charles Evans Hughes," which goes
over the whole record of Woodrow
Wilson from his inauguration to thej
present time and shows beyond any
contention that Mr. Wilson is the
greatest failure we ever had in the
presidential chair. He discusses our
relations with Mexico, the trouble
with Germany, the failure of Joseph us
Daniels and the navy department, the
lack of preparedness, the reform in
the tariff, the new banking law, the
appointment of Clarke anil Brandeis
to the supreme bench and the shame
ful surrender to the railway men in
the Adams on bill. It is really the
finest review of current political his
tory yet made and it fully justifies
t!.e colonel's conclusion which oug'it
to be painted on the bright blue sky
in letters ten feet high:
"Upon the clearly marked issue
mid as between the eandii'ates, thcr
is no reason why any professed Re
publican, any thoughtful Progressive
or any prineipaled Deuxvrat should j
not, and every reason why every p:-t-j
riotie American should vote for
THE SINGLE TAX BILL.
There seems to be great confusion
in the minds of some voters regard
ing the Full Rental Value Land Tax
& Homemakers' Loan Fund Amend
ment. It is a most complicated meas
ure. After reading it through one
is confused and hardly knows what it
s all about.
There need be no confusion about
this measure. It is a single tax meas
ure, pure and simple, although a loan
feature has been added. The doctrine
of single tax is just this: that all in
come from land, exclusive of improve
ments, belongs to the state. "The
Full Rental Value Land Tax & Home
makers' Loan Fund Amendment"
does this very thing. It calls the in
come from land "land vent," and nn-
iler the amendment all this land rent
must be paid each year to the state in
the shae of taxes. Do you get the
idea? It is just single tax under an
outer name, under single tax all in
come from land is taken by the state.
In this proposed measure income from
land is called "land rent" and all of
it is taken by the state.
. No well-informed person supposes
for a moment that this full rental
value land tax amendment will be nv
proved by the voters. Its chief pur
pose is to take the land of Oregon
away fmm those who own it now and
give it to others, and the people of
rails state have no desire to Mexican
ize themselves in this wav. The
amendment will be defeated, of course.
But it is not enough merely to de
feat it. Tn order to preserve the good
iiitne of Oi-cgon and assure better bus
iness conditions and grenter dcvclnp
ment in the future it must be snowed
under so deeply a to leave no doubt
of the attitude of the people of this
state on such freak measures. Pros- J
pective investors and homeseekers
must be assured that they can come
to Oregon without danger of having
their investments confiscated.
Mr. U'Ren. who drew the bill, has
repeatedly acknowledged that it is
the same old single tax that the voters
have repeatedly rejected at the polls.
Everyone who has carefully read the
bill agrees that it is single tax, but
under a different name.
There is no need of any confusion
or doubt about this measure. Those
who are in favor of single tax and
government ownership of all land and
those who want to see the develop
ment ot this commonwealth brought
to a standstill should vote for this
measure. But those who are opposed
to single tax and believe in private
ownership of all land should vote
107 X N O.
eiglrt hours shall be deemed the stan
dard or measure of a day's work "for
the purpose of reckoning the compen
sation for services of all employees'
engaged in traj operation. Eight
hours is not the'ffleasure for work bi
the measure forSpay. In many in
dustries one hour is the measure for
pay! One might as well say that in
those industries the one-hour day is
established as to say that in train op
eration the eight-hour day is estab
lished. It is recalled that in their first de
mands the railway brotherhoods asked
for two things for the eight-hour
day (secured through a penalty for
work for a longer period), and for an
increase of twenty-five per cent in
hourlv wages. When they came to
Washington thev abandoned the eight
hour demand when they were offered
the satisfaction of their other do
mand. Between an eight-hour day
and a wage increase, not being able
to get both, they chose the wage in
crease. This is the real nature of the law
which was forced on the country by a
Democratic president and a Demo
cratic congress and if they wish to
claim any credit for their perform
ance they at least should he boncst
enough to avoid false pretenses. The
eight-houir issue was not settled nod
even approuehed by the law which
has been enacted. This issue is bound
to again appear, and workers who
consider this question vital tn their
interests should remember that Air.
Hughes, both by bis record and his ex
plicit assurances, has shown himself
to be even a better friend of labor
than is President Wilson. For while
the latter is largely governed by ques
tions of expediency, causing him to
change his mind and wobble from one
position to another, Mr. Hughes is
an open advocate of arbitration, which
is the only fair, just and satisfactory
way to settle disputes between em
ployes and their employers, and to
safeguard the interests of both sides
in such contentions.
ognized as a fruitgrowing region un
Oregon triumphed over her sister
states in the matter of district ami
individual displays, Polk county, Ore.,
carrying off the $400 prize and ban
ner in the first class, and Leonard
Gilkey's "Banner Farm" capturing
the second. Pierce county, with its
magnificent display of grains and
grasses, vegetables, fruits and canned
goods, came third. These prizes were
for $200 and $100 respectively.
The Polk county display, which had
already carried oft the blue ribbon on
many of its entries at the Salem State
fair, was in charge of Mis. Winnie
Braden of Dallas. Oats, hops and
mimes were perhaps the features of
this display, but in addition there
were apples, potatoes shelled and ear
ccrn. and practically every other farm
crop of economic value raised in Hie
northwest. The entire exhibit was
ananged with great care and taste.
The Oregon Farmer.
W. D. Gilliam is a man who is com
ing up rapidly in the breeding ot!
Iiigh-ciass Angoras and Cotswolds. He
jias an able assistant in his son, Ar
dis, who is not vet 15 years of age
but who has a good general knowledge
of flocks and breeding methods. It
may be expected that Gilliam & Son
will be heard from in future anions
t lie producers of fine registered stock
Their farm at Dallas, Oregon, is ad
mirably suited for producing good,
hardy niohaif swats The advertising
of W. D. Gilliam appears in this is
sue. Angora Journal.
Miss Almeda J. Fuller
Republican Nominee for
County School Superintendent
Solicits your support in the November
Businesslike Methods, Good ScbooU,
A. V. R. SNYDER
Republican Nominee for
TREASURER OF POLK COUNTY
(Pi Ad?.) j E
THE DIVORCE INCREASE.
Is it possible that the rapid in
crease of divorces in Multnomah coun
ty. is in some measure due to the fact
that there is an increase in the num
ler of marriages solemnized in judic
ial chambers, creating a desire to end
married life where it began?
Statistics show that since January
1, lOKi, the judges of circuit, county,
district and municipal courts have
performed a fraction more than 10
per cent of the ceremonies in. Multno
mah county. Of 1400 weddings, 229
were solemnized by judicial officers.
County Judge Cleeton leads in mar
riages. The records 'show as follows:
Judge Cleeton, 7o; Circuit Judges Ga
tens, 54 ; Gantcnbein, lo ; McGinn, 11 ;
Morrow, 8; Davis. 6, and Kavanaugh,
3; District Judges Bell, 32: Jones,
12; Dayton, 10; Municipal Judge Ste
venson, 1 ; Municipal Judge Lang-
gntli, i. Oregomnn.
There is a possibility that hurry-
up marriages, such as judges are call
ed upon to perform may make the
unions repented of in leisure. Too
little of the seriousness and sncred-
ness of matrimony is included in the
legal ceremony. Marriage should be
considered more than a civil contract.
The requirements of some of the
churches in regard to the publication
of bethrothal bands and the teaching
of the "until death do us part" por
tion of the mamage service has a
tendency to make people realize the
importance of the married state.
It's too easy, under the civil law.
to be married, and too easy to loose
The editor of the Sheridan Sun
tosses the following boquet into our
sanctum which we fully appreciate:
"Not knowing Richard B. Swenson,
the new editor of the Monmouth Her
ald, we would he unable to pick him
out from a hot-house full of daisies,
but to judge him from the ienX)ints
he uses in sticking his Normal school
town to the progressive trail he is a
big bunch of loyalty that MonmoutHi
should appreciate." Monmouth Herald.
Your vote is respectfully solicited.
HOMER A. ROBB
Republican Candidate for
For Folk County
General Election November 7
H Elected I ispotte(
' fi Rn Mil
- J) glovt
kit i tST V
Cannery Looks Profitable.
That prospects for the profitable o)
eration of ennneries are brighter than
ever in the history of the Willamette
valley, is indicated by a letter receiv
ed by Manager Bales of the local can
nery, the unusual demands made bv
Europe upon our food supply has
wiped out all the surplus and there
will be an immediate demand for this
year's product. The letter in full is
Portland, Ore., Oct. 12, 1916. Cot-
n n ,.
utKti ,nme tannery, Lottage Urove,
WHAT ARE YOU DOING?
Just what are you doing, Mr. Dal
las Citizen to help your citvt Do
you belong to civic organizations and
attend the meetings, giving your
judgment to help form the composite
judgment of the community T Or do
you sit back and knock f
There are several things to be de
cided this winter: the establishment
of a cannery, the providing of an
adequate and dependable labor sup
ply tor the constantly enlarging fruit
acreage, the founding of some social
sen-ice agency for the young men and
women of the city. Just where do you
Will you help
The Observer is just a little bit
sore at itself for not "tossing a bout
qnet" Richard B. Swenson 's wav be
fore The Sheridan Sun beat us to it.
W like the way you are getting out
the Monmouth Herald, Brother Swen
tue nays or ine "candidate" are
numbered. Just one week until elec
tion. And no doubt the people will
be just ns glad when the election is
over as the candidates are themselves.
Colonel Roosevelt seems to be get
ting about as much fun out of the
campaign as he would if he were run
THE EIGHT-HOUR FRAUD.
The real fraud in the so-called
eight-hour law rests on the fact it is
not an eight-boar law at all. but is
rather a wage increase law. The lan
guage Of the A damson act speaks for
itself. It says that from January 1
The first annual northwest land pro
ducts exposition, which was held in
Seattle from October 4 to 14. brouirht
together one of the finest agricultural
displays gathered in Washington since
the A. Y. P. exposition. The nroeress
of northwestern agriculture was
shown nnrmstakingly in several direc
tions, notably in the quality of the
grain and dairy displays. King corn
is coming into his own in Washington.
Oregon and Idaho, and back of him
marches a mighty army of such dairy
cows as can he surpassed in no pait
of the world. The fruit displays
while of the first rank, were less start
ling to the averse spectator becanse
of tbe fact that the northwest is rec-
Ore Dear Sirs: For your benefi
tl,.,f ... ...... u '
" wuum nay mat mere is no
question but the next 5 years are tid
ing to be the best that the cannerv
has ever seen, and, providing you are
interested, wo are oien for 1!)17 and
would ask you to quote us at an ear
ly date as our brokers in differen
parts of the country are calling for
Tl,- ... ,,
' iiniciai irouuie with your
cannery, as the writer sees it, is that
you have been up against a high rate
to Portland, which has absorbed all
your profits. We are in a position at
this time to make up cars from vour
iown tor eastern shipments, which
oind i,e t. o. b. the factory. Tli
win enable you to make a profit
which you would not otherwise make,
nci it you are able to set vnr r
K "ffuier lor a wit pack you will
waive no mistake.
...u.ni, la ItrHCIICllllV hflw.
all fruits i'nnAl-l.l 'n,.
" ""Dunnes, mere are
no beans, no berries, pears or cher-
es in me canners' or brokers' hands
. ..e nave oeen shipping bean:
to Chicago, No. 10 si f- i7.-. .
dozen f. o. b. the factory, without la-
Del allowance. We understand the
wiaei at tins date is $4.75 for No
to cm beans. The crops between the
uc and tne t'acific on fruits and
ics nave not exceeded 50 per
Cent. IinnUn.. 1
t "nle ueen selling
w. o.,o . iu size water; blaekber
nes at $3.75 and $4.00; pears at
4.i), and so on.
We shall enter the 1917 pack and
w.m no noldovers whatsoever
everybody will be clii,nnn (..
'tuff therefore if it is i your Dower
10 start, mm i,a.,- .
'"""") tor next sea-
-e would advise you to do so
KINNEY BROKERAGE CO
Cottage Grove Sentinel.
Fred S. Crowley, Democratic can-
h.!lerald fic this w with
the complamt that we have taken un-
Fuller has vmted m SPVeraj
teve the best of it i, ,he publicity
m.-TV "Wage newspaper
n has tno much to dn t , ... i
tax candidate, for office and interview
be riven ,1 Why th"y 8hoIl
PI the Preference with the vt-
ha. tl fSOt ,hat F""
'J the value of
the energy t go ,fter Dfw
PoMioty argue, that sl.e would bH
r'.I'n " snPerilt'dent.-Mon-mouth
art of :
JJENTI&f (e '1.
DDa (h again.
U"ai tahlfl i
Onlv no MIL H
Polk county, ifuldn'
from count? t obje
Civil Eng t
Phone 791 otg
S. B. TAYLOR
FOR COUNTY SURVEYOR
Has been engaged in the active prac-
Fund amir wbi
ice of Civil Engineering in Polk HIMES IF9 wc
Coimty for the past nine years. He
asks your support at the polls as one
fully qualified to do the work of this
(Pd. Adv.) 67
m f .:
AND 005P-"; '
Phone 502 tin t
ATTORNEY M ' -
WALTER I, met
Dallas Nh; 0f i
W. C. HAWIEY
Republican and Progressive Direct
Primary Nominee for
A vote for Representative TTl u.
one for an Experienced, Clean, Able,
faithful and Effective Public Servant.
Please read his reenrd in tl,.
let sent to ever' registered voter bv
me eecretary of State.
Republican Congressional Committee
(Pd.Adv.) W.J. Culver. Chairman
FRED J. HOLMAW
Republican Candidate for
General Election Noven .r 7 i cits
B. F ENTOir
. "p Xy A Candidate
i - v " j for
Vote X 58
Polk Couotjr. OH tli
Dallas, jble 1
wi pic. t.
F. N. t
. ! sea
Farm stock nl'erstt
yon want wWf be
worth I can pt00
me trial ul
guar tee ut.
too large ot
for the nm
Semi-Weekly Observer $10,
Office over SU- "