(sbsatrtev VOL. 27 (THE HOME PAPER) DALLAS, POLK COUNTY. OREGON. TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 16. 1915. (TWICE-A-WEEK) NO. 74 AID FOR WORTHY POOR NEEDLEWORK GUILD ANNUAL meeting: is success. Hundreds of Garments Contributed for Distribution Among Needy. ' Beautiful Decorations. The worthy poor of Polk county will suffer a great deal less from cold, due to insufficient clothing, this year than they have in the past, as the result of the work of the members of the Dal las branch of the Needle Guild of America that came to a climax at the home -of Mrs. M. M. Ellis on Friday afternoon. The object of the nation wide organization is to aid the worthy poor of the vicinity by furnishing proper covering for the body, warm . clothing at night and, so far as pos sible, supplying other needs. The an nual meeting on Friday, therefore, was an important one, for it was at that time that the results of the year's work on the part of the ladies ws displayed. Almost eight hundred articles were received at Mrs. Ellis' home on Friday, and among the great piles of stout stockings for the chil dren and, in fact, garments for the entire family, there is not a single piece of fancy work. The articles thai are contributed are of the very best and all are new. Second-hand goods are tobooed, at the annual meeting, although the Guild ladies do use some worn articles in their crusades of charity The decoration of the rooms were especially attractive, and elicited much favorable comment from the ar tistically inclined among the callers. Folding doors separating three rooms were thrown into one spacious parlor for this auspicious occasion, and these were beautifully decorated in white and green, Oregon grape and white chrysanthemums predominating. , The colon scheme in the dining room was pink, and the arrangement of the dec orations gave a most pleasing effect. The large centerpiece was of pink roses rare at this season of the year while pink chrysanthemums and pink candles were in profusion. Autumn colors prevailed in the garment room, where the many useful articles were deposited and displayed, being a forceful reminder that the time of need in many an unfortunate house hold had arrived. Amid these beau tifulsurroundings large numbers of charitably inclined citizens, both men and women, assembled to tender their good offices and to extend to the so ciety engaged in this laudable under taking their congratulations upon the pronounced success of the annual meeting. During the reception refreshments were served throughout the afternoon, and consisted of sandwiches, cakes, tea and' coffee and other dainties During the afternoon 215 guests were received and toward evening many gentlemen called to enjoy the lunch eon and to see the great display that the eollection of garments made. Mrs. J. G. Van Orsdel, Mrs. Eugene Hay . ter, Mrs. C. L. Crider, Mrs. L. D. Brown, Mrs. Conrad Stafrin and Mrs. Kirkpatrick assisted the hostess about the house and Mrs. MacGregor and Mrs. I. N. Woods assisted with the pouring. The heavily laden tables in Mrs. Ellis ' home where the eight hundred arti cles are being classified presents the appearance of a well-stocked stove for every imaginable wearable is in the collection. There are many suits of. underwear, all warm looking and as really good as they are warm; there are great piles of stockings for chil dren and grown folks, although the ladies and children receive the major attention in the work of the Guild; there are hats, shoes, dresses, waists, garters, everything, includinga good ly donation in cash to defray inciden tal expenses in the year's work. Cer tainly the families supplied from that bountiful stock of wearables will be fortunate, if such can be said of the many souls whose poverty is the great est misfortune to the society of a great nation. But that condition, la mentable and disastrous, is by way of being greatly relieved, not only in Polk county, but throughout the Uni ted States by the magnificent work that is being carried on by the Guild. The Dallas branch figures prom inently in this work, and the interest and enthusiasm that has been engen dered in the organization here makes it one of the foremost branches in the west, where the society is less exten sively represented than in the eastern states. In fact there are only two branches of the Guild in the state of Oregon, the Dallas branch and one at Portland. The local organization was started six years ego through the ef forts of Mrs. George Gerlinger, and everv year its work has multiplied until it is today the eounty's fore most and most effective charity organ ization. It has as officers ladies whose time and energy are nnflaegingly de Toted to the exalted duty of relieving less fortunate brothers and sisters, and for whose aims, ambitions and accomplishments they command the respect of the community which so well knows its benevolent activities. The eight hundred or more articles that were collected for the annual meeting and reception will supply many needs throughout the coming year. There is nothing that could be desired in the way or warm ana ser viceable clothing that cannot be sup plied from this store, and every case of poverty or adversity that is report ed to the society will be given prompt attention. All have' a right to report worthy cases to the Guild ladies and have the assurance that an investiga tion will be made with the result that wants will be supplied if the case is worthy. - ' Where clothing is not the prime es sential reports will be given to the county court, or the ladies will handle the matter themselves if within their power. But in the mere distribution of clothing the ladies are doing a great and noble work. Refuge cases, adversity and poverty are those most commonly cared for by the Needle Guild. Last year at least thirty families received aid from the ladies and the stock at that time was much smaller than it is now . The col lection becomes larger each year and this year it has materially increased over last. Donations are made to worthy families after investigation has proved the worthiness. The rules of the national organization require that each year a donation be made to some hospital, home or other worthy institution and the local branch has lived up to this rule as well as pos sible. There being no such institu tions in this vicinity the ladies have sent many valuable articles to Port land homes, including the Boys' and Girls' Aid society, the Salvation ar my, the Visiting Nurse association and the Baby home. They also help ed to equip a ward in the local hos pital when that institution was estab lished here. The members are requir ed to make at least two donations each year, and where more than one article is donated it is required that at least two of the same style and size be giv en. That is to say, if one person chooses to buy stockings for her share of the, year's work, and buys more than one pair, they must be alike. If some such ruling were not observed the donations would present an incon gruous mass. The local organization is made up of a set of officers and twenty-six directors. Each director is required to enlist ten members and be responsible for the collection of the donations from that number. The ma jority of the directors here has many more than the required number of members and the spirit of the organi zation has been instilled into each one, so that the accomplishments are great. Each director must have one cash member. By that is meant that at least one of the required number of members must eive cash in place of, or in addition to, the regular articles. In this way is the branch financed, getting money to defray incidental ex penses and to pay dues to the nation al headquarters at Philadelphia. The officers of the Dallas branch or tne Needle Guild are Mrs. M. M. Ellis, president; Mrs. Eugene Hayter, vice president ; Mrs. B. Casey, second vice president; Mrs. Oscar Hayter, secre tary and Mrs. I. L. Smith, treasurer. The next important gathering of the Guild will be sometime just before the end of the year, when the ladies will gather to elect officers for the ensu ing bi-ennial period. The great col lection of wearables that has been made will 'be stored in the Guild's room in the county court house until demands are made upon the stock by cases that are reported to the Guild. COUPLE MARRIED MANY YEARS. Rev. and Mrs. Joseph Hoberg Cel-?- brate at McMinnviUe. Rev. and Mrs. Joseph Hoberg, hon ored and well-known residents of Jfe Minnville, and parents of Mrs. Ella Metzger of this city, celebrated thir 64th wedding anniversary on Satur day. Many happy friends called to congratulate them on this occasion. Mr. and Mrs. Hoberg are well-known all over the valley. They had lived at Lafayette for 21 years. They have twelve children, thirteen grandchil dren and one great-grandson. Mr. Hoberg was born in Prussia in 1828, comine to America with his parents in 1842. Mrs. Hoberg was born in Phil adelphia July 4, 1930. They were mar ried November 13, 1851. Elks to Meet Friday. At the instance of Mayor Kirkpat rick. Dresident .of the local Elks club, Dallas members will hold a meeting at the council chamber next Friday evening at 7 :30 for the purpose of dis cussing plans for extending aid to un fortunate ones during the holiday sea son. This fraternal organization's greatest mission is to scatter sunshine into the dark places along the path way of the unfortunate, and Dallas Elks purpose seeing to it that no home is cheerless at this gladsome season. Independence Defeated. The Independence high school eleven a-ma dpfoatpd hv tha Washington ju nior high at Salem last Saturday by a score or 19 to 12. The Folic county team was -outclassed throughout the tram which VM ATI tit intP!PStinl? plays'and stubbornly fought. The Sa lem lads were from Htteen to iwemy pounds heavier than the Independence players. SOLVES A BIG PROBLEM PATTERSON SUGGESTS WAY TO RAISE MONEY FOR BRIDGE. Wonld Put Half the Necessary Amount in 1915 Budget and Provide the Remainder Next Year. Messrs. Patterson and Parks of, Eola were Dallas visitors Saturday, and while- here discussed the inter county bridge with the county court The farmers of that locality are great ly inconvenienced by the unsafe con dition of the structure, and are in fa vor of the county providing ways and means for the construction of a new bridge. Mr. Patterson suggested to Judge Teal that the bridge be awarded in two contracts, thus making it pos sible to raise the necessary money within two years. Half of the amount, he says, might be incorporated in this year's budget, leaving the approaches and possibly the draw tor next year. Under any circumstances the work of construction eould not ba commenced until July, and it would require until December to complete this portion, when the remainder of the appropria tion could be raised and the work con tinued without intermission. Mr. Patterson told a representative of The Observer that he had person ally made an investigation into the condition of the bridge, and that he considers it unsafe to travel. While it might stand a considerable length of time after repairs had been made, there is a possibility, he thinks, of it going to destruction at almost any time in case of a heavy wind. The people of his section are afraid of the structure, and will hereafter use it on ly when absolutely necessary. Salem is the most convenient market for? a large number of Polk county farmers, and these appear to favor considera tion on the part of the court of some feasible plan to get a new bridge. Mr. Morris, an expert bridge en gineer, has but recently completed a thorough inspection of the inter-county structure, but as yet has not sub mitted his official report to the pow ers that be. When his findings are made known there is a possibility that the bridge will again be closed, not withstanding the fact that Salem bust iness interests will be hard hit by having the trade of a large section taken from them by so doing. EDWARD BIDDLE PASSES WAS A WELL-KNOWN AND HIGH LY ESTEEMED CITIZEN. Funeral Service Tomorrow, Conduct ed by Dallas Masons Brief Biographical Sketch. A circle of friendSj that includes practically every resident of Polk county, maarns the death of Edward Biddle, former mayor of Dallas, and for more than a quarter of a century one of the city's most prominent cit izens. Mr. Biddle passed away quiet ly on Monday, after several months of suffering, from a slight paralytic strobe and a combination of asthma and heart trouble. For more than a month before his death Mr. Biddle was confined to his room and was at times only partly conscious. His life was one of activity, one which made the man a valuable asset to the city and the state for his participation in civic and commercial undertakings, and for his hearty support of people and plans that had for their, ideals the upbuilding of ft hettpr eonmnnity and a better life for the people there in. Mr. Biddle was born at Greece, Monroe county, New York, on Decem ber 9, 1844, and as soon as he was old enough he worked on the home farm until he was twenty. At that time he was apprenticed in the machinists trade, which he followed in different Darts of the east for four years. He left New York and came to San Fran cisco, by way of the Isthmus of Pan ama in 1868, and was employed at his trade soon after at Sacramento. Lat er, and for a. rjeriod of six years he was chief engineer of the Sutro Tun nel company, a famous mining prop erty at Virginia City. In Virginia City in 1879 Mr. Biddle took as his wife Miss Josephine Davis, who died in Dallas in 1906. Ma and Mrs. Biddle came to Ore gon in 1880, and he was employed as an engineer and machinist for the Narrow Gauge Railroad company. with headquarters in Dallas, for sev en years. In lsns he established and conducted the Dallas Iron works. This plant he sold to Morrison and Edgar in March, 1912. After selling tne iron wo!ks Mr. Biddle retired from active life and the strain of sudden cessation after years of labor was such a shock that it rapidlv brousrht him down in health. In 1905 Mr. Bid dle was elected mayor of Dallas and (Continued oa page two) SALEM WOULD ANNEX US "PERSISTENT DISCUSSION" OP GOBBLING WEST SALEM. Polk County Incorporated City of Seven Hundred Inhabitants Want ed by State Capital. , Although City Attorney Ernest Blue of West balem declares that he has not heard the matter discussed in his community, the Capital Journal in sists that there is a persistent rumor afloat to the effect that preliminary steps are being taken to merge Salem and West Salem for their mutual ad vantage and the convenience of the Polk county people. The caiptal pub lication says the people of West Sa lem 'believe that their interests would be best served if the boundaries of Salem were extended to include that city, and it is said that a merger would eliminate several problems that now embarass Salem, among them being given by The Journal in the following story about which no one except that office appears to know anything: "The municipal bathing beach would then be inside of this city and under the jurisdiction of the Salem police and the West Salem people would be in better position to work for a new bridge across the river at this place. The proposed merger would affect no change in the county lines but would simply extend the oity limits of Salem across into rolk county. West Salem is incorporated and contains about one square mile of territory extending from a point about opposite the Salem reservoir north along the river lo a point about opposite the end of Che meketa street. The end of the steel bridee is in Polk county and outside of the city limits of West Salem. : "West Salem has about vuo iiiiiar itants and its property valuation is approximately $150,000. Last year West Salem was taxed 20 mills for road and county, 10 mills for city and 8 for schools. It has a bonded in debtedness of $9000 which it incurred in building its municipal water plant, electric light and sewer systems. One of the principal advantages to West Salem cited in favor of the proposed arrangement is that the 60 pupils of West Balem who aiteno me oniem High school -would not be obliged to nav S20 annual tuition per head, and would receive fire and police protec tion." . CONDITION OF FUNDS CITY OFFICIALS SUBMIT QUAR TERLY REPORT TO COUNCIL Aldermen Consider Street Improve- menta and Make Extension of Tim for Uglow Avenue. The auarterlv report of the auditor anil eitv treasurer as presented last evening at the meeting of the city council, reveals the amounts ot tne vnrimiR mnnieioal funds and puts the city's indebtedness at $58,028.42. The meeting was well attended by alder men and laymen, uouncnman mesit over being the sole absentee, and the taken ud was principally concerning road and street improve ments. W. IN. Ash presented a peu tinn simiod hv th orooertv owners affected, that was granted giving him the right to fence in tnai pan oi Plum ati-Mtt between east of Main and west of Jefferson for pasturage. Wr A ah will h iriven a form of lease and will give up the right to the prop erty on demand or tne city, ine res olution called for in supporf, of the Holloa hnn.1. which would make pos sible the appropriation of funds for maintenance irom me cny irwwuij, was referred to the ordinance com mittAA far minor chancres and will be reported back by next meeting. The matter of patent infringement in the construction and process of the city's sewage disposal plant was re ferred to the health and police com mittee. By unanimous vote the council rmirtj an axtpntion of time until September i, 1916, for the Uglow ave nue improvement wort inis exien tion was made necessary by the de lav that has been occasioned through bad weather and it is understood that no additional cost will be borne by the property owners because of the delay. Street Commisioner Greenwood sug gested several street and cross-walk improvements that he was empowered to make and the matter of putting in a nnmW of much-needed street lights was referred to the fire and wa ter committee for report, lue com mittee will determine the best places t imt iwh lirrht are added to the city system and will report to trie power company, A gravel nu vta nrAtrA on th south end of the bridge over the slough on Main street and several other improvements will be given attention. Aceoroin 10 m investigation and report made by Au ditor Gregory the city pays approxi mately 70 cents a yard for rock from the city quarry and crusher. The matter of adding the cost ot cleaning of the crusher to the asess ment to taxpayers met with the sup port of the council, and all expense, except repairs to the crusher will be charged to the street improvement fund for 1915. Before the meeting closed Mayor Kirkpatrick appointed a committee of three to draw resolu tions of sorrow for the death of ex Mayor Biddle, whose death cast a shadow of gloom over the meeting of the aldermen last evening. ' In the report of the auditor and treasurer the following funds and balances were shown: General fundi balance, $4.28; road fund, $1446.71;! armory fund, $286.17; waterworks, $1102.22; interest fund, $179.26; sew er bond sinking fund, $388.43; im provement bond sinking fund, 1909, $3.44; Improvement bond sinking fund, 1910, $12b.ou ; improvement bond sinking fund, 1911, $64.20; im provement bond sinking fund, 1912, $60.66; . improvement bond sinking fund, 1913, $84.16; improvement bond 1913 hard surface, $68.57; sewage dis posal fund, $185.06; county fair and city park fund, $225.12; sewage dis posal bonds, , $47o.lo; improvement bond sinking fund, 1914, $158.51; street fund, 1915, $34.68. WAITING FOR STEEL RAILS. Oregon Portland Cement Company Hag Work Well Advanced. As soon as the Southern Pacific sup plies rails for the extension of the spur to the property of the Oregon Portland Cement company, near this city, the remaining mile of track will tie laid, the limestone qnarry opened and rock shipped to the big plant at Oswego. The four miles of track from1 the main line of the Southern Pacific sev en miles below Roseburg is also wait ing for steel, or rather the greater part of it. Over three miles there has been graded, and the remaining mile will be completed within a short time. Engineer B. ts. Taylor, who is in charge of the work, both here and at Roseburg, returned on Friday from the latter place with good reports of the progress being made. According to this authority the cement company hopes to have everything in readiness to begin operations at Oswego the lat ter part of February, and with this end in view is -rushing its outside work with all possible speed. Thomas Fitzger ald, who was in charge of local oper ations, has completed track laying at the plant at Oswego, and is now at Roseburg awaiting the arrival of steel for track-laying there. When Mr. Tay lor left Roseburg there were forty workmen engaged in grading. SCHOOL HOUSE DEDICATION. Splendid Program Rendered at Black Rock Saturday Night. The new $2000 school building at Black Rock was formerly dedicated on Saturday night, -when a most in teresting program was given by the students, who are under the direction of Miss Alice Quint and Miss Lor aine Haley. The attendance was large, and all present showed marked inter est in the progress of the school. As sistant State Superintendent X. &. Carlton delivered an address, in which ha drew a comparison of the present day school with that of a number of years ago, tending to show the remark-! able nros-ress of educational methods. County Superintendent Seymour spoke of the workings oi ine sianaaruizauuu plan as adopted by folk county, in dustrial work and the benefits to be .derived from the play shed, not for getting to compliment the farent Teacher associations for the good they are performing in advancing educa tion and in creating interest in the work. A luncheon followed the pro- ornm The new school building at Black Rock is modern in every respect, and is rated among the most complete two- room school houses of the county. Opposes Preparedness. rtit C : 1 T.v ADAM;tiAn nf Falla 1 nr oniric o-A '"' City has adopted resolutions oppos ing the administration's preparedness nroeram, asserting that such appropri- r.-. ' it.. A th. in. auora as uini oiupwvu - , mi. mititarV MtahliflhtTlPnt "are dangerous to the welfare of the country" and "will compel an in crease in taxation with an added bur- pen upon the poor. Recovering at the Hospital. Harry Wood, who underwent a surgi cal operation at the Dallas hospital for ulcerations of the stomach, last week, is rapidly recovering. Mrs. Allen, who was operated on some days ago, is getting along nicely, and will soon be able to return to hen home. Pitches Headlong Into Well. Thomas J. Leach, aged 48. and a former resident of the W lllamma sec tion, leaped headlong into a well on his ranch near Condon on Friday, and suffered a broken neck, from which injury he died instantly. He moved to Condon two years atro. He leaves a widow and eight children. Some men look at the goods in the show windows. Others' hope to catch a reflection of themselves in the glass. ASKS ROYALTY ON TANK CAMERON CO. MAKE DEMAND UPON CITY OF DALLAS. Claims Sewage Disposal Plant Is In fringement Upon United States Letters Patent. The Cameron Septic Tank company, has through its attorney, John R. Sib ley of this city, notified the city of Dallas that in the operation of the re cently constructed sewage disposal plant it is infringing upon patents is sued to their company, and that un less the municipality sees fit to take out a license for its use and pay three per, cent of the original cost of the plant an action at law will be taken to enforce its rights in the premises. The communication was presented to the council at its meeting last night, and was discussed at some length. The letter from Mr. Sibley follows, and is self-explanatory: "I beg to advise you that I have been employed to represent Cameron Septic Tank company as their attor ney, and as such am authorized to proceed to collect from the city of Dallas the claim of said company Jue from said city on account of inf riuge- ment of patent No. 634423 U. S., which covers the sewage disposal plant re cently installed and now in operation, by said city. "I am confident, that upon investi gation, your honorable body will as certain the fact of infringement and it is my intention to allow you a reas onable time in which to make such in vestigations, and trust that the samo will take place without delay, and I assure you that. I will proceed no fur ther, until you have had this opportu nity. "1 might add, for your benefit, that the infringement lies in the use of any tank designed for the systematic de velopment of purification as a means for the reduction of sewage solids, regardless of the name or designation of such plant, and I have no doubt that upon investigation, you will find that you are using the Cameron idea in both process and construction. "The established, recognized and accepted terms for this license is 3 per cent, of the original Cost of the plant, per annum, including all addi tions thereto up to tune ot payment of the fee, and an additional 3 per cent, for the unexpired term of said patent. This figures in round numbers the sum of $416, however, I am not pretending to quote the exact figures, which of course can be calculated at the above rates. Will say that in the event of a set tlement as outlined above, the com pany is willing to grant the city such license, and execute, a waiver for any past damages on account of such in fringement." In an interview with City Engineer S. B. Taylor, who constructed the sew age disposal plant for the city, that gentleman said he failed to see where in the Cameron company eould recov er from the city for the operation of the system in question, although it might have a patent on a way of treat ing sewage. The matter has been up on sundry and divers occasions in oth er communities, and the company has undertaken to collect royalty on sep tic tanks similar to the one in Dallas, but in each and every instance the at tempt had proven fruitless. City Attorney Coad when question ed relative to the matter said that he had not investigated the question, and until he bad done so could not speak with any degree of accuracy regard ing the case in hand. The patent referred to was issued October 3, 1899 to Donald Cameron and Arthur J. Martin of Exeter, Eng land. It contains twenty-two claims, covering various combinations of cer tain elements. This patent has been represented to cover the entire field of sewage purification by anaeiubic and aerobic treatment, but Professor Tal bott, one of the foremost civil engin eers of the United States, says that the process has been in operation since 1897, although it was designed in 1895. In two decisions of the Supreme court it has been held that construction of septic tanks of the character in Dallas is not an infringement on the Cameron patents. Taxes on Lands Demanded. The county court of Jackson coun ty has instructed the sheriff of that county fo proceed with the sale of delinquent tax certificates against the lands of the Oregon & California com pany, included in the land grant. Tax es and penalties on more than 400, 000 acres in Jackson county now to tal $170,000, and the county court wants the money. It holds that the lands are liable for taxes, whoever may own them, and on that ground will issue certificates. Two Accidents Last Week. Only two cases from Polk county were reported to the state industri.il accident commission for last week. Tbey were T. M. Thresher of Falls City, finger crushed in sawmill, and H. H. Meekley of this city, knee in jured in sawmill.