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About Polk County observer. (Monmouth, Polk County, Or.) 1888-1927 | View This Issue
Or?m Historical Society
THE HOME PAPER
DALLAS, OREGON, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1914
BIRTHDAY WILL BE OBSERVED
AS A LEGAL HOLIDAY IN
OREGON TOR THE FIRST TIME
The Martyred President an Import
ant Feature In the Early History
Fred Vincent writes the following
Thursday, February 12th, is the
105th anniversary of Abraham Lin
coln's birth, and Oieeon for the first
time will observe it as a legal holi
day. In response to pressure of pub
lic opinion, the last legislature pass
ed an act, so declaring it.
Oregon as a territory and as a
state, played a prominent part in the
life of Lincoln. A decade before he
was elected president of the United
States, he was appointed governor of
what was then Oregon territory, and
would have accepted save for the
reason that Mrs. Lincoln objected
' strongly to living on the frontier.
Had he accepted the position offered
him by President Taylor in 1850, he
would have been Oregon's second ter
But while Oregon, the territory,
lust Lincoln as a governor, Oregon,
the state, in turn was largely respon
sible in giving him the Republican
nomination for president in 1860.
Oregon was admitted to the union
February 14th, 1859, in the face of
oppostion on the part of the Republi
can congressmen, under the leader
ship of Senator Wilson, of Maine;
backed by Horace Greely, editor of
the New York Tribune.
They feared that Oregon might
swell the Democratic majority in the
senate. At the preceding session.
Oregon's application for statehood
had been refused. But in 1850, Eli
Thayer, a member of congress from
the Worcester district of Massachu
setts determined to carry on the
fight for the western territoiy. He
won! Admission to the union of
states was granted and as a result,
Oregon was allowed three delegates
to the Republican convention at Chi
cago, in May of 1860.
Greely Represents Oregon.
At that time it cost $1000 to make
the trip from Oregon to Chicago and
the regularly appointed party dele
gates for this reason remained at
Meantime Horace Greeley in New
York had been bested by the forces
backing William Seward, in a fight
for the position of party delegate.
Seward was the chief candidate for
the presidential nomination and Lin
coln bad hardly been mentioned.
The eonvention was soon to con
vene when the Oregon delegates de
cided to give Greeley their proxies.
This gave the editor his coveted op
portunity. An inveterate enemy of
Seward, he went to Chicago, saw his
own candidate had no show and anxi
ous to defeat Seward, threw his in
fluence and the Oregon votes to Lin
coln and emerged victorious.
Had it not been for Greeley's ac
tivity and the chance Oregon gave
him to work, it is generally admitted
that William Seward would hare
been the party nominee. The rest is
history known to all.
On March 4th, 1861, Lincoln was
inaugurated president of the United
Mates, and in little mors than a
month, was calling for volunteers to
engage in a great civil war, which
for four years raged, to the end that
a nation, "half slave and half free,"
was made whole again.
There was a number of people in
Portland and in Oregon who either
knew Lincoln personally or have seen
him during the stirring times of the
secession. Among them are Joseph
Buchtel, of Portland, one of the old
est pioneers of the state; C. A. Will
iams, assistant adjutant of the G. A.
R. department of Oregon; and A. E.
Borthwick, also of Portland.
The stories they tell concerning
him go far to illustrate the wonderful
character of the man. his great cour
age, simplicity wisdom and democ
Joseph Buchtel is blind now, but
his mind is unshadowed and he re
members Lincoln in the "forties"
when Mr. Buchtel was" a youth called
Joey and Lincoln a practicing lawyer
of Springfield, 111., who frequently
appeared in cases at Urbana, 111., 00
miles distant and Buchtel 's home.
"Yes, I knew Lincoln and a more
intensely human 'man I never knew, ' '
said the old pioneer at his home,
East Washington and Forty-third
'streets. "Lincoln was practicing
law at Springfield and for- several
years handled cases ' at Urbana, my
old home. And he had a great repu
tation. Everyone said that you can't
beat Lincoln and generally speaking
they were right.
"The last time a friend of mine
got mixed up in a breach of promise
Suit, I was a deputy in the sheriff's
office at the time.
"There were no train connections
and the defendant, Burt Carl engaged
a man to ride horseback to Spring
field to retain Lincoln and if he
could not get away to retain a firm
of lawyers known as Gridley and
"The man rode all night), using re
lays of horses, and when he got there
he found Lincoln had been engaged
by the other side. When he returned
and told Carl, Carl said : Well, we
might as well quit. The jury will
believe anything Abe Lincoln tells
them." And they did in this case.
"In court Lincoln was invariably
courteous to witnesses for the op
posing side. He took pains not to
offend them and would try and make
them his friends. His system was to
lead them around gently and then
bring out inconsistencies in their
testimony. He never got loud but
spoke in conversational tones when
arguing before, a jury, and used very
few gestures, lie had a habit of
walking np and down before the jury
box while talking.
"He always stopped at the Geer
house, and in the evenings a bunch of
men would always be waiting for
him to come out and sit on the bench
in front of the hotel and tell stories.
He could never invent them to suit
the occasion if he happened to have
none on tap that would fit.
"A good joke was something he
looked for at all times, in those days.
He was immensely strong, and his
favorite trick was to sit down be
tween two men, and then pretending
he was going to rise, lay his hands
on their legs and pinch. They us
ually rose much more rapidly than
"Just to illustrate how strong he
was: We had a blacksmith at Ur
bana who could throw a sledge ham
mer pretty far. One evening the
boys thought they would get "Abe"
as everyone called him, to compete
with tb smith. Rankin, the smith,
hurled the iron a long distance and
then Lincoln was asked if he could
do it. ,
"Well, I used to be tolerably well
at handing an axe when I farmed
on the Sangamon," said Lincoln,
pulling off his coat. Then he laid his
tall stovepipe hat on the ground,
spat on his hands, rubbed dirt on, the
sledge handle and grasped it with
one hand. He gave it a swing and
as it shot info the air, Rankin, seeing
he -was beat, shouted, "Someone go
after that hammer, I don't want to
see it lost." Lincoln was great at
pitching horseshoes, too, but he could
not run much because his feet were
"At that time he did not wear chin
whiskers but was clean shaven. He
was very pale, bhe lines in his face
deepened by study; his eyes were
sunk back into his head, and one at
first glance would feel sorry for him
"He was not beautiful by any man
ner of means, but the gentleness of
his manner, his democratic spirit, and
his facility of making friends made
him very popular and his arrival in
town was always hailed with joy."
Williams Posea for Lincoln Portrait.
And at this point, Mr. Buchtel told
something which is almost a state
secret. After Lincoln's death, the
government wanted a portrait of Lin
coln painted and invited a number of
artists to compete. The prize pic
ture, which now hangs at Washing
ton, was posed for by the late Judge
George H. Williams, the "grand old
man of Oregon."
"Judge Williams told me this him
self." said Mr. Buchtel. "The body
of Lincoln is a copy of Williams, with
(Lincoln's head. There was a strik
ing similarity between them as far
op a the shoulders, and I found oat
about the picture when I remarked
about thia to Williams one dav.i
"Well, Joe." he snid "I never told
this but I posed for that portrait myself."
The Hop Situation.
The hop market is N. G. at pres
ent and the Salem Statesman in its
Sunday issue says:
The hop situation is getting worse
and worse from the standpoint of
those, who still have unsold hops on
their hands. As low as 17 cents was
reported to have been paid for sev
eral lots yesterday. Among -these
was one lot of 113 and another of
115 bales. Three sales, amounting in
the aggregate' to 179 bales, were re
ported at 19 cents. However, these
were choice lots. The prediction
made some .time ago that the price
would go as low as 15 cents seems
more plausible than ever and it is
considered that ,it will be realized
now within a few days.
Prominent Hop Dealer Dead.
Mr. Leonard Krebs one of Oregon's
well known hop dealers died at his
home near Sidney, Oregon, Saturday
of appoplexy. Mri Krebs is well
known in Polk County as he has
transacted business with our hop
glowers for a great many years.
When in Dallas he always stopped at
the Gail Hotel and Mr. Serr speaks
highly of the deceased as a man of
integrity and a thorough business
gentleman, and also one who always
had a good word to say for Dallas.
" They Saf. Enough.
Dr. Fink and son A. W. Fink, of
Dallas spent several days the past
week at the Peter Hansen and Victor
Fink homes east of town. These gen
tlemen are old settlers in Polk Coun
ty and well used to Oregon rains, but
are now satisfied with the winter's
precipitation and. are ready to cry
enough. Sheridan Sim.
Our Special Features.
The Observer is pleased to an
nounce that it has made arrange
ments to run several special features
this year. . Practical talks by Govt
eminent experts. Grange notes,
Washington letters, The Woman's
World, Short stories, Popular Me
chanics and otiier items of interest.
You will be pleased we know to read
thiB class of interesting matter.
A Little Kissing
Are Busy in Hop Yards,
J. R. Cooper started operations this
week oil his hop yards. Pearl Cooper
and Mir. Crane have the property
leased and have started about twenty
five men to work cleaning up the
yards, grubbing and otherwise shap
ing up the property. They expect
to have a big crew of men employed
from now on until the hop picking
season is over. Independence Moni
I . ! :
1 ff ' '
I i "', -V' . ;
. . i
1 y' I
-, -. " ; '" " ' ?.;:
A little kissing
Now and then
Is why we have
. The married men.
A little kissing
Too, of course
Is why we have
The quick divorce.
A little kissing's
Lots of fun
If you can kiss
The proper one.
ABRAHAM LINCOLN ,
America again observes Lincoln's birthday. February 12th marks the one hundred and fifth anniversary
of the birth of the great emancipator. Lincoln's birthday is now a legal holiday in twenty-two states of the
Union! Each year sees' added tribute paid to the memory of the martyr civil war president. This year the
occasion is made especially memorable by the fact that the $2,000,000 national memorial to Lincoln has just
been started in Washington.
Monmouth Dedicate Church.
Sunday was a red letter day in the
history of the Christian Church of
Monmouth, the occasion being the
ltdioation of a $4,500 church edi
fice. All the other churches assisted
to swell the aulience and take part
in the interesting services. The ded
icatory sei vices were in charge of
the regular pastor, Rev. Herbert
F. -Jones. At the 3 o'clock service,
Rev. Crow of the Independence
Christian Church and his choir as
sisted. A great deal of credit must
be given to the former pastor, Rev.
M. Oirock who has a charge now
at Centralia, Washington, for the
erection of this magnificent house of
worship, as well as to the present
pastor for putting on the finishing
touches. There is seldom a dedica
tion but what asks for funds to pay
of the indebtedness but this church
made a record as all funds were pro
vided for and it is free from debt.
The following is part of the dedica
tion program, want of space prevents
from giving it in full.
Invocation Elder Siekafoose
Hymn Number CO
Scripture Reading Rev. Pollard
Hymn Number 2.10
Prayer ..Rev. Gueffroy
Solo Miss HUmm
Hymn Number . 141
Minister To the glory of God, our
Father, by whose favor we have built
To the honor of Jesus, the Christ.
the Son of tlie living God, our
Lord and Saviour;
To the praise of the Holy Spirit,
source of life and light;
Congregation We dedicate this
Prayer of Dedication.
Benediction Elder Wood
He Will Recommend Polk County.
Chas Williams who lives in Iowa
was in Dallas yesterday and is on the
look out for a farm. He has a hor
ror of veal estate agents and is look
ing around on his own hook. Mr.
Williams savs that a number of
farmers from his neighborhood will
come to Oregon this summer and he
will recommend Polk County as the
best place to locate land prices and
soil taken into consideration.
The Mooses Had a Time.
At the regular meeting of the Dal
las Moose Club lost Thursday night
after the session was over, the boys
pulled off a boxing match that af
forded much amusement. They first
tried to secure the local prize fight
ers, but as one was a little disfigured
and the other was hoarse from apolo
gizing, they secured other talent to
Tho first bout was between that
well known boxer, Frank Tucker of
Seattle and Harry Coulson of Dallas.
After a hard three round battle the
referee decided the bout a draw.
The next was a whirlwind affair.
lots of wind was needed, they went
at it hammer and tong fashion and
after two rounds were boxed, that
also was declared a draw. The par
ticipants in the second affair was
Tom Tommonson and Alt Blake,
both of Dallas.
It Costs to Grab Land.
C. E. Smart of Bridgeport was in
Dallas Saturday. Mr. Smart has a
contract to grub 9 acres of land for and has been stationed at Vancouver
Isaac Yoakum at 100 an acre and Barracks for the last two years. He
f4.25 a cord for cutting the wood, 'has seen service in the Philippines
Independence Young Lady Engage-
Mr. and Mrs. J. . Cooper an
nounced the engagement of their
daughter. Miss Dorothy .Cooper, to
Lieutenant George M. Parker, of the
Twentv-Arst Infantry, Vancouver
Miss Cooper is the daughter of J.
S. Cooper, of Inde-iendenee, a retired
banker and pioneer of the early (iO's.
She is a college woman and has trav
Lieutenant Parker is the son of the
late Major George Parker, of Iowa.
Committee Visit Fire Alarm System.
The committee appointed by the
city council to visit McMinnville and
Corvallis to examine the fire alarm
system that is installed in those cities
returned home Friday and will make
their report to the council at the next
meeting. The following were the
committee : August Risser, W.
Barber, C. B. Sunberg.
They Will Joke.
Nothing like being popular. One
of J. Bagley's numerous friends who
was in Dallas last week attending
court sprung a good one on him by
informing the news gatherer, that he
was in the city to teke outl his final
papers so he could vote this fall
as Mr. Bagley has lived all his life
in Polk County, his friends are hav
ing some sport with him by calling
him an alien. Jasper's friends in
the Lewsville neighborhood are lay
ing low and hiding out as they have
found out that some one is looking
for the practical joker witli a stuffed
In the case of Mary A. Heth vs.
Charles N. Zumwalt, verdict was giv
en for the defendant.
Case of Elizabeth Ingram vs. Al
exander Bayse and Louise Bayse, ac
tion for money plaintiff was awarded
the-sum of $2,000.
Case of State of Oregon vs. Allen
was dismissed on account of a defect
Case of State of Oregon vs. Hedge-
path the defendant was found not
Investigating Want of Constituanta.
Judge Teal accompanied bv the
other commissioner visited the Riek-
reall near the old Tillotson place Sat
urday to see if they could not devise
some method to make a crossing at
that point. Numerous requests have
been received by the county court to
give relief to the large number of res
idents in that section for some meth
od to cross that stream. The court
has taken the matter under advise
ment and will report later. :
A little kissing's
Not enough . ;
A lot of kissing
That's the stuff I
A little kissing
On the sly
Is sweeter now
Thau by and by.
A little kissing
Is a whirl
Of joy if it's
A Texas girl.
A little kissing
Yes, and more
If Oregon girl, -,
'Till lips are sore.
Breathes there a man with soul so
Who never to himself hath said:
My trade of late is getting bad,
I'll try another eight inch ad."
If such there be, go mark him well;
For him no hank account shall swell
No angels watch the golden stair,
To welcome home the millionaire.
The man who never asks for trade,
By local lino of ad. displayed,
Cares more for rest than worldly gain,
And patronage but gives him pain.
Tread lightly, friends; let no' rude
Distunb his solitude profound.
Here let him live in calm repose,
Unsought except by men he owes,
And when he dies, go plant him deep,
That paught may break his dreamless
Where no rude clamor may dispel
The quiet that he loves so well.
And when the world may know its
Place on his grave a wreath of moss,
And on a stone above, "Here lies
A chump who wouldn't advertise."
Last Saturday Night'i Fir:
During the absence of the family
of I. H. Hamlin who resides at the
corner of 11th and Academy Sts.,
a lamp exploded that was left bum
iug and was discovered by the neigh
bors, who after some effort extin
guished the flames. A wrong direc
tion was given the fire department
and it was some time before they
could get the right location.
This Are proves that Dallas needs
a more modern fire apparatus and it
is hoped that our city dads will take
steps to help the fire laddies by fur
nishing them with an automobile to
be used to haul the hose cart. It is
a hard task to pull the hose cart and
some other method than the one used
should be furnished and steps should
be taken To do away with the old
antiquated method now in use.
13,660,000 WORTH OF MINERALS
IN 1913 IS GOING SOME
State Bureau of Mines Issues
First Monthly Bulletin.
Pop Pop Club War Her.
The Salem Motorcycle Club made
a run to Dallas Sunday and reports
the roads in fine shape. The trip was
made in 40 minutes, which is con
sidered very good time for motor
cycles at this season of the year. The
only sloppy roads were found at the
Salem end. Not an automobile was
encountered on the entire trip. Those
who made the trip to Dallas were:
Ivan Farmer, Captain Richard Croth-
ers, Ralph Sehindler, AL Cleveland,
Robert Perlich and B. S. Printy.
Sheriff Grant is in California.
Sheriff Grant has gone to Stockton,
California with a warrant for a for
mer resident of Polk County, Lester
E. Krone, who is charged with perjury
in making a false statement to
secure a marriage license. Mr. Grant
was informed by wire that Mr. Stone
was under arrest and held in jail in
The information given below will
be a surprise to many of our readers
especially the new comers who no
doubt are in ignorance of the vast
wealth of this state.
Oregon produced $3,650,000 worth
of minerals, in 1913 precisely $10,000
This pleasing and somewhat sur
prising fact is brought out in the first ,
issue of the monthly bulletin to be
published by the Oregon Bureau of
Mines and Geology, which was creat
ed by authority of the last Legisla
The report classifies the various
products on a scale of the value of
the 1913 output as follows: Metals,
clay and ceramics, stone and gravel,
coal, mineral waters and lime.
The year 1913, say members of the
state bureau will stand for some time
as a milestone in the history of the
metal mining industry of the state.
This is for the reason that the year
marked a decided change over a suc
cession of years in which the state's
yield of precious metals decreased.
Last year it increased, the total out
put representing a value of $1,925,
000, which is practically three times
that of 1911.
Development Bears Fruit.
The reasons for this change, it is
pointed out, are found entirely in the
Eastern Oregon mining regiop. About
half a dozen deep mines have been in
process of development there during
the last three or four years, several
of which came into production within
the last year.
The Southern Oregon section has in
certain localities some increases
which in others are balanced by a
imilar decrease. .
The total production of gold, sil
ver, lead and Copper in Uregon in
1913 was $1,925,000. Of this amount
$225,000 in gold and silver came from
the Southern Oregon mining district.
In Eastern Oregon the total output
in 1913 was $1,700,000.
One of the most encouraging fea
tures of the Eastern Oregon situation
is said to be the fact that the devel
opment of these steady producers has
demonstrated that adventurous or
random mining is being supplanted
by mining as a business. Among the
successful mines are enumerated the
Rainbow, the Ben Harrison, the Cor
nucopia, the Humboldt and the High
"There are other properties in
Eastern Oregon," says the bulletin,
which, with the aid of trained en
gineers, could also become steady
Production of clay products for
1913 show a decrease of 10 per cent.
The value was about $700,000. This
includes common and face brick, sew
er pipe, hollow building blocks and
partition tile besides Btonoware, earthen-ware
and pottery. '
Coal Production Normal.
Building, monumental and paving
stone, crushed rock for macadam and
concrete work and sand and gravel
have been produced in about equal
volume in 1011, 1912 and 1913.. The
increase in sand and gravel output
in 1913 was about 1,300,000 or 25
per cent greater than 1912.
The crushed rock and stone indus
try shows a slight decrease from
Only 40,000 tons of coal were pro
duced in Oregon last year, most of it
in Coos County. This is the normal
The bureau points with emphasis to
the need of a further survey of the
state's mineral resources.
Tha bulletin has been prepared
under the direction of the entire com
mission on mines and geology, which
consists of II. N. Lawrie of Portland,
who is chairman; W. C. Fellows, of
Whitney; J. F. Reddy, of Medford;
C. T. Prail, of Ontario; T. 8. Mann
of Portland; P. L. Campbell of Eu
gene, president of the Stale fniver
sity, and W. J. Kerr, of Corvallis,
president of the Oregon Agricodt-ural