Image provided by: Dallas Public Library; Dallas, OR
About Polk County observer. (Monmouth, Polk County, Or.) 1888-1927 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 5, 1889)
P olk C ounty O bserver .
A SKMI-WJOK k LV J o i/R X
VOL. I .
AL» r e v o t e r
PALLAS, POLK corv i y
HEN EH AL
1 N I ' Eli ESTS OF
, p 7 Thf
Of a Naugatuck
(Conn.) family were
a w a k en ed th e
other night by the «cream» of a young
woman who dreamed »ome one had
kissed her. The father of the family
appeared with a lamp in one hand and
S E M I - W E E K L Y . - $ 3 Per Year.
“ r, 7 « lvt'r
the other. No man
. COullJ b,: f° und- b»t the daughter »aid
CO UN TY
one must have been about, a» »he felt
Couuty Juiigt* j ■ his
moustache. The mystery was
1 8 STOUKFKK.
¿' w ilcLKNCHj
Commissioner, j thoroughly solved when a pet kitten
0 W MCBEK.
Sheriff! emerged from behind
IRA A HMITH
----- a . pillow
C 0. COAD.
l .ih i
Co. School Superlntcudcut Inland has wonderful attractions for
W I REY>'iJl' I,H
JC. T. HATCH
the swarms of birds tfhat are at present
f 8. POWELL
(■. G. FIrfHKKi
migrating southward. They become
attracted by the glare of the electric
PROFESSIONAL C A R D S
hght. and rushing headlong upon it
----- are killed in great numbers.
JO H N .1. D A L Y ,
other inornfrtg no less than five hun-
dred birds were pieketPup at the base
of the statue. Twentv-Iive
Will promptly »ttrud to all legal bull ne»« eu species were counted. Nearly all of
trusted to him.
them were small, and mpst of them
O K K 4 .4 »\ .
were ‘ ’yellow" birds. A red-headed
woodpecker, two cat birds and several
W ARREN T R U IT T ,
Lnglish sparrows were among the
b e g g in g
(O b s c n r r
Attorney anil Counselor at Law.
Attorney anil Counselor at Law,
* » « « h m , i n r id e m T r l u . o a t h # c
I shall never forget the
NWsed in me by this song when ]
keard it for the first time. We were
^ one cold, raw, autumnal day,
® a dirty post station on the great
Siberian road. waiting for horse».
^uddt nL' m> attention was attracted
b> “ pe' ulil4r- ‘ow-pitched. quavering
•ound which came to
- — from a dis-
wb^ich- although made ap-
parently b* human voices, did not
™*e® b'e “ ny * * " « that l had ever
befor?heard. It was not singing, nor
chanting, nor wailing for the dead, but
» strange blending of all three. It
•uggested vaguely the confused and
comi“ ink,led sobs, moans and eatreat-
vf* hUman bein,i8 who wewHbeing
•ubJwtt‘d to torture, but whose suffer
ings were not acute enough to seek
expression iff shrieks or high-etched
cries. As the sound came nearer we
went out into the street in front of
the station-house and saw approach
ing a chained party of about a hundred
bare-headed convicts, who. surrounded
by a cordon of soldiers, were marching
slowly through the settlement singing
i » the . exiles’ begging
- _ song." No at-
In a recent scientific discussion of
“ Benevolence” it was said: “ Exper
ience is showing more and more that
those who are supposed to stand in
.1. II. T O W N S E N D ,
need of all this voluntary benevolence * L 1Pt Was m^ eb>'the lingers to pitch
derive but little real advantage from ' thelr ' ° u
httrmony or 10 1 ’ro-
it; that, on the contrary, it further n0um*e tbe words in unison; there
weakens their already defective char I Tere1.no PaU8es or rests at the ends of
Office on M 111 St. opposite Court House,
O K K 4 . 0 M . acters, and tends to make their condi- I he l , ! ? 5 **"4 »could not make out
ontu 1 any distinctly marked rhythm. The
tion one of chronic and constitutional i
, . .
P H Y SIC IA N S’ C AR D S.
- dependence on the assistance of others ! ! & 8eem,>d to be constantly break-
one another " with
N. L. W O O D S , M . D.,
The time, we hold,
has now come, 1 inir
when, broadly speaking, the best thing modulated variations of the same
any man can do is to hold himseft slow, melancholy air, and the effect
j produced was that of a rude fugue or
Does general p ra ctice in an y part o f the
to practice a high-minded justice
County. Office In W o o d ’s Drug Store.
in his relations with his fellow-men, of a funeral chant, so arranged as to
I be sung like a round or catch by a
and Xo eschew all modes of action cal
J. K. L O C K E , M. D.,
hundred male voices, each independent
culated to encourage others to expect
i of the others in time and melody, but
that they may reap where they have
| all following a certain scheme of vocal
O m c g : B uena V ista. Oregon.
ization, and taking up by turns the
T. J. L is.
O. D.. B i ' ti . rr .
j same dreary, wailing theme. The
Good Floors F or Stables.
L E E * BUTLER,
i words were as follows:
A great deal has been written about
Have pity on us. O our fathers!
Dong forget the unwilling traveler»,*
clay, stona, concrete and brick as ma
Don’t forget the long-imprisoned.
W ill answer calls from any p o in t In the county.
Telegraphic co m m u n ica tio n from M oum outli.
Feed us, O ou r father*—help us I
Office up stairs In Opera block .
boxes. The theory is that earth is
Feed and help the poor and needy 1
Have compassion, O our fathers I
O K K S . O V soft and moist for the horse's feet and
IS U K P S S iU lM C R .
Have compassion. O ou r mothers I
For the sake of Christ, have merty
MARK H A Y T E R , that next to the original soil other
On the prisoners—the shut-up on es!
cool moist material is desirable. In
— IDE *11ST,----
Behind walls of stone and gratings.
practice a stall or box with no other
Behind oaken doors and padlocks,
Behind bars and locks o f Iron,
At Dental parlors does any k in d o f dental
We are held In close confinement.
fensive quagmire, a stone floor is cold
work with neatness and dispatch.
We have parted from our fathers.
and hard, concrete is soon broken up
by the continual stamping of the iron-
We from all our kin have parted.
Wx. H a v ao k , Banker. | M. M. E l l is , Cashier.
We are prisoners;
shod feet, and bricks absorb offensive
Pity us, O. our fathers!
fluids to a greater extent than wood.
It you can imagino these words, half
A floor of good sound spruce or pine
pranks, thoroughly soaked through sung, half chanted, slowly, in broken
Exchanges bought an d sold on all points.
with crude petroleum, will resist time and on a low key, by a hundred
Special attention p aid to co lle ctio n s.
dampness and decay for a long time voices, to an accompaniment made by
o R K t.n V
and keep clean and wholesome. In a the jingling and clashing of chains,
D, T. S t a n l e y , Pres. | J. W. D a w s o n ,C ashier.
Bta.l a double floor is laid, the lower you will have a faint idea of the
course transversely of the stalls, and “ Miloserdnaya,” or exiles’ bogging
the upper one lengthwise and extend wng. Kude, artless and inharmon
M oa m oa tb . O reg on .
back only as far as the stall itself. ious as the appeal for pity was, I had
Does a yan 'ral b a n k in g
draft* on X. w Y ork, San F rancisco or Portland. There should be a very slight slope never in my life heard any thing so
Deposits rect ived su b ject to check or o n certifl
mournful and depressing. It seemed
rites of deposit. C o lle ctio n s w ill receive prom pt to the rear for drainage. It is a se
attention. Office hours, S a. m. to 5. p. m. Hall's rious mistake to make the slope too to be the half-articulate expression of
Burglar P roof Safe, secured by Y ale T im e l ock
all the grief, the misery, and the de
steep, as it comjyels the horse to stand
spair that had been felt by generations
in an unnatural position with a con
of human beings in the etapes, the for
stant strain upon the rear tendons of
warding prisons and the mines.
F R A N K BUTLER,
the legs.—American Agriculturist.
As the party marched slowly along
♦ • » ---------■
—Mud on the cows should not be the muddy street between the lines of
Use the brush.
A cow gray log houses, children and peasant
Address him at DALLAS. All calls prom ptly
women appeared at the doors with
should be kept as clean as a horse.
their hunds full of bread, meat, eggs,
or other articles of food, which they*
W . P . W R IG H T ,
P A R K E R & FERCUSON,
put iuto the caps or bags of the three
or four shaveV-headed convicts who
acted as alms-collectors. The jing
V . M. D e p u t y N n r v r y o r
Plans, specification* and estimate* fnrni*hed ling of chains and the wailing voices
B ill do work ln all parta o f the county. Is
twe door* south of the of the exiles grew gradually fainter
Pf»p«.red to fu m isti all desired Inform ation In on application. Shop two
refard to landa surveyed. Office In bauk.
and fainter as the part*y passed up the
M K K 4 .0 V
I k llK P K k B K M 'K .
» A L L A H .................................... O R K U O B .
street, aud when the sounds finally
died away in the distance and we
turned to re-enter the post station, I
felt a strange sense of dejection, as if
the day had suddenly grown colder,
darker, and more dreary, and the
---------H E A D(i U A KT E RS---------
cares and sorrows of life more burden
some and oppressive. —Oeorge Aeusiw,
D A LL A S. OKKW OS.
Will prsctlc. In all the courts of the State,
office In Court House.
Attorney anil Counselor at Law.
Physician and Surgeon.
Physicians and Surgeons
Dallas City Bank.
HOIK C O U N T Y B A N K .
County Surveyor Civil Engineer
Surveyor ai CM Engineer. ARGHITEGTSanflBUILDEBS
SHELLEY & VANDUYN,
W R IN K LE S .
Cariou«) iQ J h w fit lo n i M ade by
^ J iiiidon P h fw i3 l»n .
IN D E P E N D E N C E , O R EG O N .
General Merchandise Bed Rock Prices
■ E 8 T C R A D i : O F C O O D S AMD F A IR DEA LINC . IS O UR M O TTO
All kinds of gooda taken in exchange for produce.
E . W . C o o p e r,
Hardware, Stoves and Tinware
MA P R ,
IN I ) E I » E N D E N C E ,
BU R R ELL A
O R E G O N .
TUKSI)i \Y, FEBRUARY 5. 188«».
c. C DOUGHTY,
the apex. The scholar’s wrinkles
form on his brow, while tho scheming
politician’s come round his eyes, where
they look for all the world like the
spokes of a wheel. Some of the peo
ple who bet on races have the most
astonishing c?-op of wrinkles I ever
saw, save on an elephant. 1'— Loudon
B tf lL D W E L L .
High on the granite wmn , ,,,* builder* taP'ng,
Heaved up the tnasslre blocks aud slabs to
With swart and streaming brow - and -uatalng
Under the sim m er » blaze.
And higher yet. amid the chills of suturnn.
Tier upon tier and ft v h upon arch a r o se :
And situ crept upward, ooldly, wearily slowly,
'Mid winter a sifting snows.
From stage to stjvge up springs the mas.’ er-
Instructing cheering. chldliigSoere and there.
Scanning with s -ruttny severe and rigid
Each lusty laborer's share
Auon his voice to those most distant slu^iting
Throvgh the hours« trumpet wake* hi* orders
Or utters words like these, to rouse sud heurtro
“ Build well, my man, build w e ll!
“ T he ropes are strong and new, aud sound tbe
The derrick's beams are equal to the strain;
Unerring are the level, line und plum m et;
LetAiaught be done ln v a in !
“ Build that these walls to com ing generations
Your skill, your strength, your A lthfulues
Shall te ll;
That all may »ay. a» storm s and centuries test
The men o f old built w e ll!”
And effer thus speaks the great Master Builder
T o us, w here'er our “ Journey work” may b e;
“ W h ate'er the toll, the season, or the structure.
Build w ell—build worthily
—H. S. Brown, in Journal of Kducatioit.
H o w t o K r a d lc a t« S o m e o f th e In iq u ities
o f F olltlcw l “ F ine W o r k .“
This is one of the reforms which
must come, for without it our system
of popular government can not beo
maintained, livery election, especially
in our large cities, shows that until this
reform is secured all other reforms are
impossible of accomplishment. The
control of the election machinery, of
the printing and distributing of the
ballots, must be taken from the poli
ticians and put info the hands of the
State. That is, we must take the power
to control our elections away from the
men who have no responsibility and nc
interest in government save extrava
gance and corruption and put it
into the hands of officials who
are sworn to do their duty.
what use is it to try to get honest
men nominated for office when we
leave in the hands of the political
workers the power to defeat them at
the polls by distributing fraudulent or
defective ballots, or by making “ deals”
and "dickers’ ’ whi^h cheat the people
of their will? We have talked for years
about reforming the primaries and thff
nominating conventions, but not one
particle of progress has been made.
Under the Massachusetts law any four
hundred voters, in case of a candidate
for State office, and any one hundred
voters, in case of a candidate for a les
ser office, by uniting in a petition in
behalf of a candidate of their choice,
can have his name printed upon the
official ballots and have those ballots
distributed at the polls at the public
expense. What more certain way of
reforming tho primaries could be de
vised than this? If there were such a
law in New York City there would be
an end to the astonishing spectacle
which is there so often presented of a
“ boss” setting up a candidate of his
own for office in spite of all protests,
and frequently electing him in spite of
all opposition. Under such a law both
••bosses” and primaries would in a very
short time lose their present domi
nance in our politics.
In fact, there is scarcely a form of
Iniquity known to ourelection methods
which a good ballot law would not
eradicate. We should be rid at one
stroke of the assessments upon candi
dates. of the bribing and bnlldozing of
voters, of the nomination of notoriously
unfit candidates, of “ deals’ ’ and
“ dickers” and “ trades” at tho polls.
these would disappear, for the sim
p|e rBa8on that the machinery of elec-
tlons would be taken out of the hands
of Irresponsible and often dishonest
men. Such an obvious and imperative
reform as this can not be long delayed.
A (P «ado .physician has recently
kin. ¡(.study of wrinkles. Says
the dx . - i “ 16 is customary to say
that wrinkles come from worrying,
but the truth is that most of them
come from laughing. This is rather
paradoxical, I must admit, but I have
W A S H IN G B L A N K E T S .
only been convinced after the most
careful investigation, l o know how The Uit of Ammonia More KflWtlre
Kubblng With Monp-ttud«.
to laugh is just as important as to
Put a pint of hou*phold ammonia in
know how when to de i t If you
laugh with the sides of yo«ir face ths the bottom of your tubs, having had
»kin will work loose In time, and the blankets well beaten to remove all
wrinkles will form in exact accord clinging dust before you get the tubs
ance with what kind of la igh you out. Then lay the blanket lightly on
have. The man who always wears a over the ammonia and pour nj>on it a
smirk will have a series of semi-cir sufficient quantity of warm water to
cover the blanket entirely. Then with
cular wrinkles covering his cheeks.
••When a gambler who has been ac- a stick or the band flop the blanket
customed to suppressing his feelings about in the solution, pressing all the
augh* a deep line forms on each side water that will come out of it against
of his nose and runs to the upper cor- the side of the tub without wringing,
. h-M mouth. In time this line as you remove to the rinse water. You
extends to the chin and assumes the will be amazed to see the dissolved dirt
shape of a half moon. A cadaverous coming out through the fibers, as no
person with a waxlike skin is very apt washing or rubbing with soap-suds will
to have two broadly marked » n n k l « . bring it ouL Rinse in the same way. in
one running o f from the^jaw and^the the same moderately warm water ( not
ether under the eye. inese meet »» i boiling water), and by simply pushing
at the cheek bone and ¿he blankets about in the tub. Press
iook'a^'thoufk they formed » knot at| through the wringer and hangout to
dry in a windy place, not in the sun.
As the blanket hangs there drying, a
little water will collect in the four cor
ners. which is rather an amusement to
squeeze out to help the drying process.
If you do not care to put a second
blanket in the tlrst ammoniated water,
which must be done promptly, as the
ammonia evaporateequickly.divide the
quantity, taking half a pint for each
one of the two tubs, and wash two
blankets at once. The evaporating am
monia. released by the warmth of the
«Hater, can only escape through the
blanket, which is laid over it In the tub
before the water is applied. Hence you
get the Valin«of every drop of it, In
ordinary cleaning with ammonia, for
paint, brasses, silver, etc., mix it with
i*old water first, and t?ien add a little
warm water tojh e pail.— 1‘ublic Ledger.
O P E N IN G
M IN E .
A * Operation «» lu.-li l>«,uurt U s o , Tliss-
■amt* o l Dollar*.
Working a gold mine sounds very
nice, but v.*ry few people are aware of
<jhe difficulties and expense attending
There are plenty of men in° this city
who have been “ bitten” in small mining
schemes, and who do not now under
stand whv they were failures. It is a
very common thing for some hopeful
prospector to stumble across “ crop
pings” thj^t show free gold, and that,
from all appearances, could be worked
to advantage with the expenditure of a
The first thing the prospector does is
jo “ think up” some capitalist friend
whom he thinks would be willing to
« invest in the enterprise. Ho then
re e o n T y e F A R M .
writes a letter something after this
■» Mot O n ly a C o m fo r t Hut Ha* A M
M an y R oonotuko I ’tca.
“ I have one of the finest propositions you ever
The majority of farmers look on toe heard
of. I have dtsoovered cropping» that In
as a luxury only to be enjoyed iy the d lcalc the presence of a ledge S feel wide, aud
rich who live in cities and regard an which 1 am certain will be found permanent.
“ The croppings show that the ore will mill at
ice-house as a needless eftlravagauce.
least 4 per ton l.et us say then that the or*
Ice in summer is a luxury, but it is will only yield half this amount.
“ This mine can he works t — ihat Is. the ore
also a substance that promotes health
und comfort and which has many eco- can be mined an.l m illed—at • ,u.i.i:=uni oo»t o f
Cl per ton. This will leave a net protlt of. say.
non^c uses. Unless a farmer has a Is Now the cropping* show along tbe surface
spring off <*r which he cun build a milk- for 401 feet, and are so situated that a tunnel
be run 'JUI feet below. There Is no d oubt
house lie will find it difficult to muke could
that the ore will hold out. and after the tunnel
first-class butter if ho has no ice. He Is run there will be 'In sight’ practically CS.iUU
will also experience much trouble in tons of ore, which at Is a ton. will, as you will
see, yield a protlt of I'.*«) (US).
keeping the butter in a oonultlon to be readily
“ All I need la enough m oney to run this tun
sent to market. With ice milk and nel. lea n then haul the ore to a custodi mill
butter can bo kept in good condition (there Is one atMiut a mile distant), and after
that tbe mine will pay for itself. I only need
with but little trouble. Cool milk is a S'l.110
i at the outside, and If you will put up this
most desirable drink during the sum amount you may have a halt Interest ln the
mer, und one that should l>e used to a
greater extent than it is.
An ice , On paper tills is n fine proposition.’
house or an ice-box is the best place A sure fortune for $3,000. Tho capital
for keeping eggs, vegetables and small ist is caught and up goes his $.1,000.
The first thing to be done is to drive
fruits. Fresh moat, poultry, fish ami
Kaine can also be kept in one for many a tunnel into tho solid rock some 8 foot
days. A supply of ice promotes econ square and a distance of 200 foot A
omy more than it does luxury. It en double shift of men, say eight, are hired,
ables one to save many tilings that also a blacksmith to sharpen the tools,
men to clear away the ground, etc.
would otherwise be wustod.
Ice saves fuel during the summer This can easily be accomplished for $.r»0
by diminishing the umount of cook a day. A house or cabin has to be
ing that is done daily if not three built, but tills will only oust some $300.
time» inch day. All kinds of cooked Powder, tools, timbers, * lumber and
provisions as well as those thut are provishms will make the first $1,000, to
not cooked cun be keep a long time in an use a popular expression “ look awful
ice-box. During tho summer we desire sick.”
F'or the first few days the work
food and drink that are much warmer
or much cooler than the temperature progresses favorably, and tho capital
of the air, and it matters but little in ist receives the most encouraging let
which onv of these conditions they are ters from tils mining friend. After that
in. At a hotel table in a city about the letters are less frequent aud not
half tho persons will call for ice tea near so encouraging.
for supper, while the other half will
take that which is nearly boiling. To This is generally sumo rook about as
be grateful to the taste its tempera easy to drill through as so much east
ture must be much Hliove or below steel. A hole six inches deep may bs
that of the body and tho surrounding drilled into the rock ln about ton hours,
air. During the summer the majority and wlton the giant powder cartridges
of persons (»refer frozen cream to hot are put into this hole they shoot out as
puddings, and with a supply of ice It if from a cannon.
There may ho 10 feet of this sort of
is cheaper. There is no good reason
there may be .50; at any rate,
why farmers should not have ice cream
before tho dilficuitv has been over
on then' tables ilurlng tho summer.
They have milk and eggs in abun come, some $2,000 or more will have
dance, and the salt that is used for been sunk in the enterprise, and the
forming a freezing mixture can be ground scarcely scratched.
Of course more money will be de
utilized on a farm.
Ev ‘ry farmer who has a crook, lake manded, and then still more until the
or fish pond on his place can obtain a capitalist becomes disgusted and quits
th< thing all together. This Is the way
supply of ice from it at the cost of
cutting. If. however, ice is put up it generally works.
Difficulties are not only encountered
for commercial purposes within one
running a tunnel or sinking a shaft,
day's drive from his farm he may find
it more economical to buy it, as It such as the caving in of the work,
costs very little. An ice-house need rebellious rock and others too numerous
not be an expensive structure, and if to mention; but it Is often discovered
it is only intended to preserve ice after the tunnel has been run tho de
enough to supply one family there is sired length that It should have been
no occasion for having it of large size. run in some other place.
To estimate the actual cost of the
Blocks of ice that form a cake of ten
feet will supply a family for five opening up of a mine from the “ grass
months. A building to hold iceshould roots" would be a very difficult matter.
be so constructed us to leave a space Under the most fevoruble circum
stances, however, unless a pocket oi
of from eighteen to twenty-four
the bunch of very rich ore is encountered,
tee to be
filled with sawdust, from$60,000 to $75,000 may be set dowu
or straw chopped as a very close figure to put a mere
very fine. A double wall is not neces ••prospect" in paying condition.
As much sometimes as $200,000 are
sary. Experience has shown that it is
best to have the sawdust or other ma spent in opening up a mine before any
terial come direetly against the cake “ money" is taken out. All this refers
of ice. As one piece of ice is taken merely to those "little" mining propo
out the muterial employed for preserv sitions or “ Dyers,” as they are called,
ing it falls and occupies its place. A in which the uninitiated, in the hope
tight roof, good drainage, and small of becoming millionaires on a “ dollar"
doors in the gables that can be opened investment, come ont in almost every
instance at the smull end of the horn.—
and shut at pleasure are necessary.
There is economy in large ice-houses. y . y I M A
They are cheaper to build and to fill.
Safe B urial o f B ow lders.
There must be the same thickness of
Having buried many large stones, I
sawdust or other material around a
affirm that the dangers incurred is
small cake of ice as around a large
very slight If the work is attempted ln
one. It costs but little more to con
the right manner. Do not dig under
struct a building that will contain ice
It at all. Keep the excavation about
enough to supply ten families than one
six Inches from the nearest side of the
that will supply ice to but ono family.
stone. Make it long enough, wide
Borne creamery and cheese factory
enough and deep enough to contain the
companies have arranged to supply
■tone with room to spare. When the
milk at a low price to all their patrons.
note is dug, then with long-handled
A block of ice two feet square will or
tools carefully remove the six-inch
dinarily supply a family for three or
shell of earth as low as you can reach
four dayt. In some places a dozen or
easily without taking any risk of being
more farmers have united in building
crushed. A plank laid along the further
and filling an ice-house. It is located
edge of the hole may give you some
at some central spot and the farmer
advantage in digging. Next dig a nar
living nearest to it has the rare of it
row trench along the opposite side of
The general plan is to have it opened the 9tone from the excavation. Make
one hour in the morning on alternate this trench close to the stone and part
day*. This gives every farmer an ly under i t Now pour water into the
opportunity to get ice and prevent* trench, and keep on pouring until the
waste. Where this plan has ben pur earth underneath is softened into mud,
sued it is always found that consider when the stone can usually be slid
able Ice can b 1; sold to persons who are without much trouble into the hole.
lever can be used to give it A start,
not connected with the enterprise.— A
—/ ’arm Lift.