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About Polk County observer. (Monmouth, Polk County, Or.) 1888-1927 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 29, 1889)
S F M I-W K K K L V
VO L . I. *
ARObgvlD THE PIG-PEN.
" V * Wealthy s .| „ , T o l,,
• c îk ^ o u a ln (O b server
C A R V IN G
, , |a
T U R N IN G .
An lutrrvMting I>*>. rlptlon o f a riessma*
a n d \\ t* ll.I’ a id O c c u p a t io n .
(’arefully abstain fr o « giving any
Kt-op large and small separate and
[.W E E K L Y . - $2 Per Year. not more than ten in a let.
Feed regularly and liberally a vari-
Ky of wholesome food, always some
I ^ Î t Ÿ- O F F I C I A L
D IR c C TO R Y
bulky food, and let each feed 1« eaten
Comity Judge ] up clean before more is given.
I. ¿riU FKKK
.('omnilmiiout'rs I Give wallowing places, ashes, char-
» M 1
[ « M i 'BKF
Sheriff coal and salt, and plenty of exercise
K g SMITH
Clerk f in timber pAtureyielding shade, roots
IM KM I'
Senator nuts, acorns, etc. But no doubly soured
I t II V I ' H
[8. PO' Kl.l.j
fu. fish KIM
p r o f e s s io n a l
c a r d s
JO H N I. D A L I .
L w y ami Counselor at Law,
lilloromptlv attend to all legal business en
truited to him.
D allam .
"tV Alt It KN T it n i l ' ,
Ittorney ami Counselor al Law.
U A L LAM. O K K U O M .
Lin practice In all the courts of the State,
office in Court House.
j. H. TO W NSEND ,
Korney ami Counselor at Law,
Office on Mill St., opposite Court House,
^ ___ •
O K K 4. Q M .
P H Y S IC IA N S ’ C A R D S .
X T i „ w o o d s , > i . d .,
Physician and Surgeon.
I Does general practice in ally part of the
County. Office iu W ood's Drug Store.
.1. K. L O C K II. M. D..
Physician and Surgeon.
Or Kick: Buena Vista, Oregon.
O. D. B i 'TL kk .
L ee .
LEE .A B U T L E Ii,
Physicians and Surgeons
I Will answer calls from any point in the county.
Telegraphic comnmnication from Monmouth.
Office up stairs in Opera block.
vf’ V I t l v
0K K «.0*\
11 A V T E K ,
— D E N I 1ST,—
O K H t.O V
Dental parlors does any kind of dental
work with neatness and dispatch.
BAN K S.
W m . S a v a g e , Banker. | M. M. E l l i s , Cashier.
las City Bank.
Exchanges bought and sold on all points.
Special attention paid to collections.
1» 4I.L AM.
O K K t-O V
D. T. S t a n l e y , Pres. | J. W. D a w s o n , ( ashler.
POLK C O U N TY BANK.
Does a general banking business. Sight
¡drafts on New York, San Francisco or Portland.
¡Deposits received subject to cheek or on certifi
cates of deposit. Collections w ill receive prompt
attention. Office hours, 8 a. m. to 5. p. m. Hall’s
Burglar Proof Safe, secured by Yale Time Ix>ck.
FR A N K BUTLEH,
County Su rvevor ah d Ci vii Engineer
Address him at DALLAS. All rails promptly
W . P. W E I G H T ,
I’.M. Deputy N arveyi#.
"Ill do work in all parts of the county. I»
prepared to furnlah all (lealred information iu
trgAril to lamia surveyed office iu hank.
AAI.LAM....................................O K K L O V
l hvrc are few trades requiring more
skill than those of carving and turning
in wood and ivory. The “ kit'’ of these
mechanic« comprises chisels
gouges of various sizes, and what is
called a “ A tool. In carving heads,
images or designs of different kinds of
wood the block is first#brought into
rough shape with the gouges, uml,
"hen this is done, the other tools are
us . h ] alternately down to the finishing,
which is done with the finer chisels.
1 he carving of woodwork of this
1 rovide ventilated shelters from wind, description, which docs not apyly to
rain and snow, but no litter. Hogs with furniture, is dene out and out by the
Utter get too warm. If you wish dis workmen, and for a day of ten hours
ease. put your hogs to the straw pile. they receive $2.50 to $3. ’ The work is
Maintain cleanliness in all things. fairly steady the year round, and child
Breed only mature animals, and never labor or convict labor have no terrors
from a show herd. The offspring of for wood carvers.
As a rule the business of ivory-oarv-
immature or pampered animals is pre
disposed to disease.
ing is combined with that of wood
Give pure water, from deep wells carving, the same work being done in
protected from surface water. Well most of the places, and at the same
water is not freezing cold in winter nor time u few of them do what they call
lukewarm in summer. Water from tortoise-shell work. There ¿ire three
creeks (unless fed by springs,) ponds or kinds of Ivory used in the manufacture
pools, is disease-breeding.
I'igs should be forwarded in early of various articles made from this
spring and kept on only growing foods material. The best is imported from
milk, bran, slop, oats, green rve, Africn, and at limes tusks are had as
grasses, clover, sweet corn -until intc much as six feet in length and weigh
fall; then fatten rapidly on corn mostly, ing nearly one hundred inmnds.
but also green rye, blue grass, pump
'I he price of these tusks ranges from
kins, ''»¡led potatoes and turnips with $2.50 to $3 a pound, according to qual-
bran, steamed clover hay, etc.-
| ity. There is a smaller tusk from the
- J O - .— _
! same place, which in most cases will
The Sun Lights a Lamp.
i measure from eighteen inches to three
The following comes from Lancaster feet in length, and the prico of these
County, this State: Above the doorway ranges from $1 to ('J a pound. These
of a store in Mount Joy is a lantern tusks are known by the numeof “ Scriv-
which contains a coal oil lamp. Be elloes.” This trade is controlled en
hind the lamp is a glittering reflector. tirely by an importing firm whoso head
The other afternoon a curious thing oc quarters are in Hamburg.
curred. The sun was shining brightly, species of ivory used in the trade is
and the day had in it a suggestion of “ Walrus.” It is much cheaper than
balmy July. _ The rays of the sun pene the above, but the one vital objection
trated the glass of the lantern, thence to it is because ef the “ pitti” running
through the cflimney of the lamp, and through the center of it, which materi
were focused on the polished reflector. ally interferes with its usefulness. The
The rays were so focused that their ac remaining spec'.ns, but one that is little
tion caused the wick in the lamp to u-ed, is that of the hippopotamus. Al
ignite, and it burned some time be though occasionally utilized, it is of
fore it was discovered.—Philadelphia litt'o value, the objection to it being be
cause of its crookedness, which pre
^ • »»
vents its use for any but small articles.
—Many years ago there livedf in The articles made from these materials
Brunswick, Mo., a prosperous old consist principally of keys for musical
Quaker farmer named Jones, whose instruments, handles for parasols and
conscience troubled him if he took any breastpins.
more of his neighbor's money than he
The tortoise-shell business comprises
considered a fair equivalent for what the carving and ornamentation of ladies
ever sold. He fixed one price for his combs. In doing this work the teeth
butter and never would take any more, ure first made, and then four or five of
no matter what the state of the market the shells are riveted together, the de
might be. One morning his son Thomas sired pattern is pasted on the top shell,
was sent to the village with a pot oi and with a highly-tempered and fine
butter, which he sold for fifteen cents a | jig-saw the design is cut out. The combs
pound. On his return he gave his arc then given to the carvers, who finish
father the proceeds of his sale. The the work.
old gentleman sent him immediately
In the ivory branch the work is di-
back to the purchaser to refund three I vided into two branches, turners and
cents a pound.
I carvers. The wages of the former
—Kindness, sympathy and encoui- ! range from $10 to $14 a week, and of
agenient shown toward the erring, will j the latter from $12 to $18 for the same
accomplish a thousand times as much ! period. Like the wood-carvers, their
as rigid severity. If instead of harsh hours are ten a day. For some years
words that almost invariably exert the there has been no material change in
influence of crushing, wounding and the wages of either branch, each nrm
destroying the better impulses of the being paid in accordance with the abil
soul, the hand of love is extended, the ity he possesses. The wages paid in
noble nature in the erring one will be this city compare favorably with those
paid in other places. The busy seasons
awakened, and the life redeemed.
in the trade are in the spring and fall
of each year, but it may be said of the
PARKER & FERCUSON,
business that it is fairly steady. The
machinery used in the places where
this work is done are circular and jig
saws of the finest texture, lathes for
Plans, specifications anil estimates In ml shed
on application. Shop two doors south of the turning and presses for drilling holes.
_ A ’. Y. Mail ami Express.
1% IIKPFA »KATE. - - OHF.t.OV
SHELLEY & VANDUYN,
-----------H E A D Q U A R T E R S -----------
IN D E P E N D E N C E . O R EG O N .
General Merchandise. Bed Rock Prices.
b e s t c r a d e i o f c o o d s and fair dealinc . is our m o t t o .
A ll k in d s o f goods taken in exchange for produce.
M o n m o u th ............................ Oregon.
Im plem ents and Farm Machinery.
E . W
----------. d e a l e r
Hardware, Stoves and Tinware.
s c e n t s son
«*ee. s u . s e e l * ~
> E l» E > D E > C L ,
0 0 >
D IS EA SE S.
C li m a t e I n M a il» H ie K r a p e K o a t «»•
] > r * n iiA l Iinpru<l#*nce.
•‘Pulmonary disease is the scourpe of
our climate," says the medical faculty,
in its sententious way. This has long
been said, and the phrase will probably
continue to be repeated while grass
grows and water runs. Yet it is little
better than a libel on the elements, for
Climate is made the scapegoat of per
sonal imprudence. If people will over
heat their houses and place« of busi
ness in winter, if they choot-s to sit, for
an hour at a time, overeoated, shawled,
hatted and India-rubbered, in one an
other's oven-like offices, and to piunge
thence, bathed in perspiration, into an
j open-air temperature below the froez-
! ing point, what right havo they to
! charge the climate with their coughs,
I influenzas, sore throats and consump-
1 tions? Nobody could be pitched out of
the tropic of Capricorn Into the frigid
zone two or three times a day without
damage to his breathing apparatus, we
Practically, so far as difference or
temperature is concerned, thousands of
us pass through this sort of ordeal al-
most every winter's day. And yet suf
ferers from diphtheria, pneumonia,
bronchitis, asthma. etc., generated by
their own insane neglect of the most
obvious sanitary rule«, are taught to
believe that they are the victims of
Keep the thermometer down to sixty-
five degrees in your stores, counting-
houses and domicils from November
till April; never sit in rooms heated even
._ to that moderate degree in your beaver
FOR r GENERAL : MERCHANDISE,
IN T E R E S T S
O l 'H
D a l l a s , i *< >I.K C O U N T Y , O R E G O N . T U E S D A Y . J A N U A R Y 2!>. 188!).
F c. C. DOUGHTY,
— PI'H l A h EB
O bserver .
J cloths, furs and promenade headgear;
warm yourselves with exercise instead
of immoderate artificial heat; and dou't
be afraid to let the outside air
brush the inside of your dwellings,
etc., with its healthful wings, at least
twice every twenty-four hours.
this, all ye whoare “ subject” to coughs
and colds that keep you barking and
snuffling the winter through, with a
deadly like glimpse of consumption
in prospective, and we venture to say
you will think better of this "terrible
climate” next spring than you do at
present A'. F. Ledacr.
---------- ------------- -
A T y p e - W r i t e r T h a t 1» I n t e n d e d f o r V e r y
I ’ r iv u t e i ’ orr«*ft|>oitdeuce.
“ A great improvement has been
made In type-writers within the past
A dealer i-n these articles was e x
plaining their mechanism to a reporter.
“ Even now they have beon so far
perfected that an expert writer can
turn out copy much faster than by us
ing a pen. A new departure, however,
has bet>n made. An Englishman has
invented an ingenious method of pro
ducing u cipher or secret communica
tion by mechanical means. It is adapt-
ed for use on tpye-writers or similar
writing machines where the type or
corresponding indt*x scale, dial or
pointer is capable of being moved or
adjusted. The type-writing machines
to be used for the purpose are made
so that the two iu
in the arrangement
of their characters, but differ from any
other pair of machines. Since the
index scale is adjustable it muy bo
shifted in two corresponding machines
so that one or more of the characters
is moved out of its normal position,
and, in consequence, when the operator
strikes a certain letter on tiie key-
bourd another totully different will bo
printed. Thus he can continue and
write out an entire letter, which, to
the uninitiated, will seem ’ ike nothing
more than a confused jumble of char-
actors. To deeiper whatever has been
written it is only necessary for the in
dividual who has the clew to shift the
index scale in the opposito direction
from that used by the original opera-
tor, and then, by striking on tho key-
board the characters of the secret
communication, the correct message
will bo printed. " —Huston Transcript.
G r e a t Ocean Depths.
Her Majesty ssarveying-ship Egeria,
under the command of Captain 1*. Al
drich. 1L N., has during a recent
sounding cruise and search for re
ported banks to the South of tho
Friendly Islands, obtained two very
deep soundings of 4,295 fathoms and
4,430 fathoms, equal to five English
miles, respectively, the latter in lati
tude 24 degrees, 37 minutes, S., longi
tude 175 degrees, 8 minutes, \V., the
other about twelve miles to the south
ward. These depths are more than
1,000 fathoms greater than any before
obtained in the Southern Hemisphere,
and are only surpassed, as far as is yet
known, in three spots of the world—
ono of 4,655 fathoms off the northeast
coast of Japan, found by the United
States steamship Tuscarors.; one of 4,-
475 fathoms south of thn Ladrone
Islands, by the Challenger; mil one of
4.561 fathoms north of Port» Kieo, by
the United States ship Blaki. Captain
Aldrich's sounding* wore obtained
with a Lucus sounding-machine and a
galvanized wire. The deeper one oc
cupied three hours, and was obtained
in a considerably confused sea, a
specimen of tho bottom being success
fully recovered. Temperature of the
bottom 33.7 Fuhr. —fe'f. James' Uazelle.
—The women of France, some of
them at least, are In favor of tho
restoration of the monarchy. With
this object in view they have organ
ized an order called “ The Rose of
It is patterned after the
English "Primrose League.”
—Tourists complain that tho de
lightful calm and quiet of Heidelberg
has given way to noise and manufact
uring bustle. A number of tall chim
neys injure the view from tho castle
grounds, and the fearful foghorn from
various tugs disturbs the quiet of tho
—The electrician is somewhat slow
er in his conquests in Europe than in
America. Electric lights have but
lately been supplied along Berlin's fa
mous street. Under den Linden, and
the young F.mperor find* much delight
in watching the weird shadows under
the lime trees.
—Queen Victoria has had a monu
ment erected to tho memory of John
Brown at Balmoral. It is a colossal
statue, made by Boehm. England's best
known sculptor. Besides this a “ cairn”
has been erected to the same High
lander's memory on a hill looking
down upon the castle.
—'The Sultan of Turkey has beeomo
intensely Interested in mind-reading.
With his usual luxurious method of in
dulging a new fad he has advertised in
European newspapers for mind-readers
who c.re willing to reside in Con
stantinople f or some time and receive
large salaries for devoting their talents
I to his amusement, o
C o u n t y .
= = = * —
N O . 4«.
R U T A B A G A S ."
T\«rte.4 » « ll> » T l i r e . l i o l . l j o r . T h e I’ r o s -
p e r t iv e M o t h e r -In -L a w a t W o r k .
“ How can 1 boar to leave thee?”
whispered R-ginald, as ho stood in the
semi-darkness of the hallway, while
Mabel’s nut-brown curls nestled close
against his chest protector.
’Twas a critical moment. The night
stick of the policeman fell with a dull
ami sickening thud on the sidewalk
half a block away, and the love plaint
of a sad-eyed cat on the back fence
broke the dreamy quiet of tho night.
But these sounds fell upon unheeding
ears. These two ardent souls were
a wars ttiat the parting hour was at
hand. Soon, oh, cruel fate, Mabel
knew that the front door must ope and
close, and for a brief space the echo of
footsteps would linger on the air and
then oh, misery! he would be gone
ami nothing remain but tin* memory of
his loving words and tho seent of his
Ami so aha
clasped him close with her frail
hands and twined the
1 around the index finger of her right
hand. Then, with the heroism of des
! peration, she tore herself from Ms
manly and well-developed arms, and,
: while her egg-like chin quivered and
the glorious light of her hazel eyes
was drowned in tears, she stammered:
"W hy must you leave me, darling?
It's only 11:30. Mamma has gone to
I bed, and listen, love, papa's breathing
can be distinctly hoard!”
| Keg listened with his hand over his
i heart to stay its wild beating, and a
I peculiar sound like tho grating of
horseradish or tho filing of a saw fell
; upon his ardent ear. ‘Twas true. His
prospective father-in-law had invaded
' tiie delectable land of Nod at least a
mile, and tho hope of another half
hour on a tete-a-tete awakened a burn
ing ardor in his love-stricken heart,
but then, oh baleful fate! ho remem
i bered that Farmer Jones was to deliver
forty barrels of rutabaga turnips at
tho grocery at live o'clock in tho
morning, and that he would havo to
be there to stow them safe away in the
j cellar of the grocery.
I While this hideous rutabaga specter
confronted him Keg was feeling in his
vest pocket to see if lie had a lucifer
match with which to ignite tho half-
burned cigar which ho had left snugly
stored away in a corner of tho brown-
stone steps when he came in. While love
and delight called him one way, and
duty and rutabagas tho other, there
was a rustle of trailing garments at
the head of the stairway, and a* femi
nine voice, iu a strident whisper, said:
“ M abeir
“ Yes, ma.”
“ Has Mrs. Westinghouse’ s little boy
gone home yet?"
The front door opened and closed
with a bang. In his rage and mortifi
cation Reg forgot his cigar. As he
disappeared around the corner ho
hissed between his clenched teeth:
“ By thunder, the old lady has got
mo deed to rights!”
The rutabagas were safoly housed. —
T h e I’ r o p s r W « y o f M o r in s T u r n ip s
llp p t a T h r o u g h W i n t e r .
which they grew thoroughly frozen,
but no harm happens toth -m if they
thaw in the ground. But if D ozen after
digging, and thawed in ec*i!act with
the air, they will as certul.ily perish.
And they w ill be greatly injured if not
killed i», when heeled in, large luter-
•tices are left in contact with the roots.
Finely pulvervlzed earth should be
placed in close contact with them.—
P U N C T U A L IT Y .
r h « S « r r * t o f Ilu> S u p r m o f S o m e l a m e n t
M en o f (¡« n lu t .
Genius Mr. Carlisle has boldly de
fined to lie patience. £>ne might well
adopt the style here, and say that suc
cess is the child of two very plain pa
rents Punctuality and Accuracy. It
is tiie habit with too many young
men especially young men of parts
and of culture — to fancy that tho
practice of the commonplace qualities
we have just named is beneath them;
that it would detract somehow from
their (clnl: that it would render thuin
commonplace, and bring them down
from a higher elevation. Never was
there a greater mistake than this. The
most famous men of genius hnvo been
noted for their punctuality and accu
racy; tho power of taking pains, of
concentrating themselves, was their
most essential gift “ Sir Walter Scott’s
punctuality," says Mr. Smiles, “ was
one of the most carefully cultivated of
his habits, otherwise it had not been
possible for him to get through such an
enormous amount of literary labor.
He made it a rule to answer every let
ter received by him the same day, ex
cept where inquiry and deliberation
were requisite. It was his practice to
rise by five o'clock and light his own
fire. By the time tho family assembled
for breakfast, between nino and ten,
he hud done enough to use his
words to break tho neck of tho
Yet lie said on one occa
“ Throughout every part of my
career I have felt pinched and ham
pered by my own ignorance.’ " Think
o', tiie humility of that confension.and of
tho healthy, frank, candid natureof tho
man, in whose character there was cer
tainly no room for affectation!
in the case of poets of tiie more sensi
tive, passionate or irritable order, wo
find that the power of nlrntruotiim
themselves from outward disturb*»
and working on amid manifold
bucks was ono of the chief donut
their success. Wordsworth w i m (
the most systematic and acclis
men, aa wo should expect him
but Byron and Shelley were like S*
ler in their power of accomplishing stiff
bouts of work,and stickingto their work
till it was finished. Milton, it is clear, was
not only systematically laborious, but
laboriously careful and accurate.
deed, scarce any thing in biography
has more surprised us than the power
such men as Byron and Shelley showed
of devoting certain portions of time to
certain things not the least of their
causes of irritation lieing interruptions
of a trivial kind while they were at it.
As for the great men of action, all
alike have confessed to tho power o!
punctuality and accuracy in their livos.
When Nelson was on tho eve of de
parture for ono of his great expedi
tions, the coachman said to him: “ The
carriage shall bo at tho door punctually
at six o’clock.” “ A quarter before," said
Nelson: "I havo always boon a quarter
t>f an hour before my time, and it has
made a man of mo."
Wellington was never known to be
five minutes Into; tho most ill-written
note from an old private who had served
under liim in the Waterloo campaign
was certain to receive a full and imme
diate answer. So with General Wash
ington. When his secretary on one oc
casion excused himself for the lateness
of his attendance, and laid tho blame
upon his watch, hi» master quietly
said: “ Then you must got another
watch, or I another secretary.”
Punctuality intimately connects itseli
with the subject of delay, though s me
llow it is most readily associated in the
mind with minor matters of appoint
ment. It Is, in reality, far-reaching;
and there is no important or moment
ous interest that it does r.ot touch. On
tho great clock of time there is but one
word, and that word is “ now." “ Now,’ ’
says a good authority, "is tho watch
word of tho wise." "N ow ,” is on the
banner of tiie prudent. I.ct us keep
this little word always in our mind;
and, whenever any thing presents Itself
to us in the sha|>c of work, whether
mental or physical, we should do it
with all our might, remembering that
“ now,” is the only time for us. It is
indeed a sorry way to get through tho
world by putting off till to-mor»ow,
saying, "Then” 1 will do it. No! This
will never answer. “ Now” is ours,
“ Then” may never be. - Christian
Succulent roots, as turnips, beets,
carrots and parsnips, require two es
sentials for keeping through winter- a
cool temporaturo and a sufficiently
moist surrounding to provont wither
ing or drying up. Warmth and moist
ure, acting together, produce rot;
warmth and a dry air cause spoody
shriveling. Roots which ure not in
jured by freezing, when compactly
surrounded by earth, may be left in
the ground all winter where they grew
— such, for instance, as tho parsnip,
which is all tho better in quality tor
the freezing which it gets. The car
rot will sometimes pass tho winter in
tho same way, but more frequently
it is rotted. Hut this treatment
will not answer if the roots are
dug and then buried in earth and
afterward frozen. They must remain
where they grew; and as they have
gradually enlarged in growth, they
have crowded and pressed the earth
outward, and thus left no interstices.
An unbroken face of earth surrounds
them. Even potatoes may bo frozen
without much haim if thus left and
thawed in the soil where the tubers
grew, but any creviees or interstices in
tho soil will spoil them.
These facts teach some useful prac
tices in storing roots for winter. Such
as turnips and parsnips, which shrivel
easily, must be well and compactly
surrounded with a porous, moist sub
stance, as fine or pulverized moss,
•lightly damp sawdust or peat. Those
which do not require moisture, such
as potatoes, will keep well if only
always cool (not cold)
other hand, winter fruit like Baldwin,
Greening and Russet apples, may be
— The money given by the women
paeKed in dry bran or dry forest leaves,
which will partly protect them from of the Presbyterian church in the
cold currents of air, and prevent rot United States during the past sixteen
years amounts to $2.150,000, repre-
ting or wilting.
The same general principle will ap scntii g the entire support of more
ply to roots of nursery troos. Those than 200 wotnor. missionaries, 200 na
which remain in tho ground through tive liibl» readers and more than 150
inter, have the roots and the soil la school*.