Christian herald. (Portland ;) 1882-18??, January 06, 1882, Image 1

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C hristian
From Sup’t. Powell.
The following cheering letterfrom
Prof. L. J. Powell, State Superin­
tendent, is characteristic of the man-
all energy and enthusisam whenever
a good cause is to be worked out.
He richly deserves the hearty con­
fidence of the people he receives:
D epartment of P ublic
I nstuction ,
Salem, Or., Jan. 5,1882.
Prof. D. T. Stanley,
Monmouth, Or.,
M y D ear S ir ,—Hail to you,, in
your new role ’! From the rod to
the tripod and thence to the Pen
which long since has been acknowl­
edged more powerful than the
»word. I fully believe you are in a
¡wsition now to bb of much benefit
to the general educational work of
the State.
. ..
Your prospeetus has a sensible
- and to my mind a practical ring to
But, my dear brother, you have
taken upon yourself a very laborious
work. It will require nerve and
grit and palienceend pueh and sense
and tact and indomitable energy
and a keen sense of the practical.
^1 bid you God Speed ! and will be
glad to give you all the assistance
I can, but «halfnot be able to do
muoh from lack of Mme.
k I have nothing pre|«red for you
this week but words of cheers 1
will write you. again soon.
L. J. P owell .
An Important Matter.
A most pressing need ' of more
knowledge of the “human form
divine” among the masses of the
people, is felt by better informed
people generally, and Physiology
must soon become an ^important
branch of study in our school-rooms.
Dr. J. M. Gregory, formerly presi­
dent of the Illinois Industrial Uni­
versity, looks to our medical schools
for the remedy in this matter. In
a recent address in Chicago he said:
“ Public health officers are wanted
by the hundred—trained men full
of knowledge and skill, to lead the
people, and to guard from pestilence
our numerous cities.
Where shall we look fo
of this great public trust
among the graduates of oultm§dical
schools ? Public good dem
s that
this lack should be met. May I
not, therefore, in the name of the
great outside population which I
represent, and in whose cause I make
this plea, ask the medical colleges
of our State, this and all others, to
add to their chairs, if they have not
already done it, one from which the
full and large discuseion of sanita­
tion, public and private, shall be
heard ? -
Teach it iry the common schools.
And as all true social progress im­
plies and demands the progress of
the people in some line, may we not
ask of the medical profession jthe
Ipice of their counsel, and the weight
/ their influence, that the elements
Li hygiene and of sanitary science
shall find their way into all the
schools where the children of the
people are trained and informed for
the duties of their lives?
We can find multitudes of school-«
boys who can tell the southernmost
cape of Kamachatka, but cannot toll
the place of their own stomachs or
They know the heait of tho wild
African continent, buff they know
nothing of the structure or functions
1 '
Taschsri, achool oScere and friand» of Edu-
0*Uon from all parti of th« Paoiflc Coaat are
iavitad to contribute to thia Department ; di»,
ouaaiosa, easava? proceeding» of educational
meeting», queriaa, do. Addraa», Monmouth,
• »
V "
of their owh hearts. This red river
of life that courses through their
own bodies is wholly unknown to
them, but they can tell the river
system which drains the nprthern
slopes of Asia.
The knowledge on which their
own life and health hangs depend­
ing, is not taught them, and the
simple sanitary process which might
save health and life are never men­
We ask the medical profession to
see that these things also go into
the schools; that some years are
taken oil' from the study of the ever­
lasting arithmetic, and the almost
useless geography, which teaches
simply that this insignificant place
is here, and that place is there, and
another'place is yonder, and that
these years 'are given to studying
the world within, the wondeiful
world of their own bodies, and (hose
laws of life and health which may
Help them to guard against needless
suffering and sickness, and to live
safe and strong amid nature's
Essay by Miss Ida Burnett, on
“ Oral Teaching.”
and illustration shall precede all
application of rules. .
Quartette by Mrs. Addition and
Prof., A. E. Milner read a paper
on " Book-keeping.”
Music by Miss Ida Burnett.
Judge F. A. Chenowith addressed
the Institute on the subject, “ Rela­
tion of Crime to Education.”
Music by Miss StClair.
evening ’ SESSION.
The Institute met at 7 o’clock,
President in the chair. Prayer by
the Rev. Bowersox. Solo by Miss
The address of welcome was de­
livered by S. T. Jeffreys. Response
by Mr.-W. C. Taylor. These speech­
es were both lively and appropriate.
Quartette by Mrs. Arnold, Mrs.
Addition, Mr. Carrick and Mr.
Address by Prof. T. F. Campbell,
of Monmouth. Solo by Miss Jessie
Taylor. The Hon. State Supt., L.
J. Powell, reportod a steady ad­
Proceeding’s of the Benton vance, all along the line in educa­
tional matters of this State.
County Teachers’ Institute.
Music by Mrs. Arnold and Mrs.
Monday, Dec. 26, 1881. — Hoodcock.
’' •<
The Institute was called to. order
at T P. M., in the College Chapel by
file President, Hon. E. B. McFIroy,
Association came to order at 9 J
Suptl Public Instruction of Bonton
epunty. Prayer by Re’S^l. C. Mc­ «’clock. - Prof. M. n . H. ■ Parker - of
Philomath, read an essay on
Farland. Quartette by Mwr:3ohn-
“School Government.”
son and others..
Reading was then introduced by
An excellent address was deliv-
Prof. W. H.Hauert, followed by(
eied by Hon. Isaac |Macrum, Supt.
Prof.-Gregg, Prof. Hogue, and Prof.
Public Instruction, of ^tfultnomah,
Powell. Fractions were then ex­
on the subject, , JfOur Public
plained by Prof. A. F. Hersner.
Schools.” This was followed by a
Greatest^-C^mmon Divisor and
sweet solo by Miss Jessie Taylor.
the ' Least Common Multiple by
Pres. Arnold, of the Agricultural
Prof. A. E. Milner. Music by Miss
College, made a ringing speech on
Miss Lizzie Hamilton
the subject “ The Objects and Val­
read an essay full of food thoughts-
ue of Education.”
Latitude and Longitude by Prof.
Quartette by Mias Pitman and
others, “ Bluebells.”
The Institute came to order at 10
o’clock. Prayer by Rev. D. C. Mc­
Farland. Hon. ‘ E. B. McElroy,
County Supt., delivered an enter­
eating and comprehensive lecture
on “ English Literature.”
Orthography was the subject of
the address by Mr. J. W. Hill; re­
marks were made on the subject by
the Hon. State Supt., and by Prof.
Hogue. The finishing touch of thia
lively discussion was given by Miss
Ida Burnett on the piano.
A spicy essay by Miss Nettie
Spencer on “ Words Without Ideas.’
Next wot a carefully written
and wall read article on “ Atten-
tiop,” by W. W. Johnsen.
After a recess of a few minutes
the following named officers were
elected : A. F. Hersner, and W. Y.
Masters Recording Secretaries. V.
A. Davis, and W. C. Taylor, Enroll-
ing Secretaries.
There was a general discussion on
incentives to study, participated in
by Prof. McElroy. Prof. Powell (the
teacher must be the incentive to
study,) Prof. Hegue—the prize does
not stimulate the stragglers —Prof.
Baldwin— tell the pupils what
they go to school for.
Adjourned till 1 o'clock, p. M.
The President, Hon. E. B. Mc­
Elroy, calling the Institute to or­
der at 1 o’clock. Munie by Miss
Inez StClair.
Prof. Sbsak, of Philomath College
gave blackboard illustrations of
Letter Writing. Penmanship may
be promoted by having the pupils
Write letters. Ramarks were made
by W. C. Taylor and E. B. McEl­
Music by Miss StClair.
Institute came to order at 1:3U
o’clock. The English Alphabet
wm the subject of remarks by
Prof. B. J. Hawthorne.
Music by Mrs. Addition and
Elocution by. Judge W. S. Mc­
Fadden. This was followed by an
essay by Mrs. Linden W. Bates, on
the subject “ Relation of Culture to
Hon. L. J. Powell being called
-upon made- a waking ap speech.
He is always ready.
Hon. J. T. Gregg, of Salem, was
then introduced, and read a paper
on the “ Relation of Normal and
Public Schools.”
The winding up of«flte exercises
of the Institute took place in the
City Hall at 7 o’clock. The pro­
gramme consisted of Elocutionary
exercises interspersed with music,
all of which wer4 well rendered.
California State Teachers*
Tho State Teachers’ Association
of California, convened its fifteenth
annual session Dec. 27th, in the
main hall of the Young Men’s
Christian Association building, San
The meeting was called to order
by the President of the Associa­
tion, James Denman, and after the
disposal of preliminary business,
J. *S, C. Stubbs, chairman of the
Board of School Directors, made a
brief but neat address of welcome.
A recess was then taken until 2
o’clock to allow members an oppor­
tunity to sign the roll and pay
When the meeting reassembled
James Denman, of San Francisoo,
. .
read an address on " Graded
Schools. The next feature of the
programme was a discussion on the
“Uses and Abuses of the (.'redit
System,” introduced by 8. Sturgis
and followed b'y Mr. E. Nolton,
Miss Kate Kenedy, Mr. Ira P.
Moore, of San Jbse and C. J.
Smythe, of Sonoma.
The chairman then appointed
committees on resolutions, also
qominations of officers. Miss Lulu
Moore was appointed Assistant
Secretary, after which an adjourn­
ment was taken until 9:30 the
next morning.
The State Teachers’ Convention
reassembled in Young Men’s Chris­
tian Association hall Tuesday
morning. After the regular trans­
action of routine business Pres.
Denman appointed a committee on
The regular programme was
then taken up and Rev. A. L. Cole,
of Solon, ' read an address on the
“ Battle of letters.”
State Superintendent, F. M.
Campbell, then addressed the con­
vention u[>on " Education as the
True Liberty.” At the conclusion
of Mr. Campbell’s remarks- which
werejistened to» with great atten­
tion, a recess was taken until 2
o’clock, wh<n Jesse Hood, County
School Superintendent of Butte
county, addressed the meeting on
the subject of “ County Superin­
A Volunteer quartette of male
voices then rendered, “My Last
Cigar,” and being encored sang
“ Good Night, Ladies.”
Pres. W. T. Reid, of the State
University then read an aSlress
upon the “ Current Fallacies in
Education.” A resolution was then
adopted that tho Association view
with disfavor any attempt to dis­
turb the neutrality of the public
scheols on the question of religious
An adjournment was then taken
until 9:30 o’clock the next morning
The Teachers’ Convention recon­
vened in the Young Men’s Chris­
tian Association Hall, for the third
and last day of the session, Wed­
nesday, December 29tb. Pres.
James Denman in the chair. The
roll call showed that thirty-three
counties were represented in the
Convention, and that twelve county
superintendents were present.
After the preliminary business
had been disposed of, Prof. J. M.
Grimm, of Los Angeles, addressed
the Convention on the subject of
" Mechanical Pedagogy,” handling
it in a very able and comprehen­
sive mannci.
James E. Clark, Secretary of the
Washington Territory State Insti­
tute, s|>oke for a short time on
"Our Present System of Educa­
The heur for recess having arriv­
ed, the Convention adjourned until
2 o’clock.
Upon reassembling in the After­
noon Dr. J. H. Wythe addressed
the Convention on “ Symmetrical
Education.” The Doctor was fre­
quently applauded and on the con­
clusion of his remarks, Pres. Den­
man read a telegram from J. M.
Eaton, of Washington, regretting
his inability to attend the Conven­
Prof. Charta 11. Allen, pf tfie
State Normal School, was the
next speaker.' He addressed the
Convention in a veryXble manner
upen “ The Necessity of Trained
Mrs. Griffith submtted a report
of the finances of the Association,
detailing receipts and expendi­
tures. The report was read and
The next business was reports of
«■"■y .■
.... .
committee« on resolutionsand nom­
inations. The latter committee
submitted a report presenting
names for officers for the ensuing
year, which was adopted. The
committee on resolutions submit­
ted resolutions providing for the
regulation of business at the next
annual meeting which wi^l be held
in San Francisco on Dec. 29,1882,
and remain in session three days.
The Convention then adjourned
»ine die.
stone of a new science is being laid
by discoveries pointing to an in­
timate connection between solar and
terrestrial mpteorelogy. Just;what
the connection is they are riot yes
able to clearly define, although
electricity is suspected of being tho
agent through which the effects ar»
manifested upon our planet. It is •
known that the gaseous envelop-»
of the sun is affected by eruption ♦
of such prodigious magnitude as to
be utterly beyond our power of con­
ception, these disturbances appear­
Scientific Miscellany.
ing to us in the form of rapidly
changing spots and protuberances.
Late investigations of German
The eras of the spots—or sun -storms
scientists have shown that- the
—occur at remarkably regular in­
electric light is not only healthier' tervals, a complete cycle of the var­
than other methods of illumination ious stkgcs of activity from maxi
in leaving the air purer, but that it mum to minimum and again to
increases the power of vision in
maximum being performed in about!
some respects, especially in dis­ eleven years—tho so-called “ sun­
tinguishing colors. Red,-blue, Green spot period.” The sun-spot physi­
and yellow are much more distinct cists claim a coincidence of the
under this light than by daylight. periods of maximum spots and years
, Two Leipsic chemists .have de­ of great atmospheric and physical
vised a process for obtaining sugar disturbance in the earth. The
in a (termanentl y liquid form. Th is present has been a year, of great
result is said to be effected by add­ solar disturbances, while it has been
ing to a purified sugar solution a marked by violent s torms and earth­
small quantity of qitric acid, which- quakes upon our globe. Further
combines with the^eugar and de­
than this, these scientists claim to
prives it of its tende'nev to crystal­
have recently detected by simul­
taneous observation minor atmos- —
Sonic experiments by M. Gautier
pheric changes as the result of cor- |
appear to prove that human saliva responding movements in the sriri
possesses, In a milder degree, the difficultiesattend H hm observations, I
same poisonous property as that of but the Astronomer Royal for Scot­
serpents. The humansaliva injected^ land and-others believe (hat the
under the »kin of a bird caused A
|j| lesun will somo day be­
death, with symptoms very closely
come an important factor in weather
resembling those resulting from forecasts and like calculations.
serpent bites.
A new theory of the so-called
fascination of birds by snakes is Weather Report for Dec., 1881.
that the bird mistakes the snake’s
During December. 188!, there
tongue, which the reptile keeps in
were 18 days during which rain
rapid and constant motion, for a
fell, and an aggregate of 3.40 in. ofi-
lively worm, and watches it intently
water, 2 clear and 11 cloudy days,
with the anticipation of devouring
other than those on which rain fell.
The mean temperature for tho
M. Pasteur has resolved to extend
was 42.16*. Highest daily
his studies in vaccination to yellow
for the month
fever, with a view of determining
53°, on the 22nd. Lowest daily
whether or not the disease is due
to parasites and can be guarded mean 29°, on the 2nd.
Mean temperature for the month
againg^by'inoculation. A broad field
2 o'clock p. m . 45.45 .
of investigation is open to Pasteur
temperature for the
as it is suggested by his discoveries
2 o’clock p. M. on the
thus far that all contagious maladies
temperature 25°, at
may be due to parasitic growths
the 2nd and 3rd.
virulence of which may be so re­
on the 1st, 2nd,
duced by his method of inoculation
27th and 28th.—
as to render this class of diseases uo
for tho
longer a matter of dread.
A Neapolitan gardener, after
years of experiment, has produced a
camelia with a delicate perfnme,
During December, 1880, there
and he thinks it probable that these
flowers may in the near future be were 18 rainy days, and 11.50 in.-
so cultivated as to rival the rose in of water, 1 clear and 12 cloudy
the fragrance of its odor.
Mean temperature lor the month
Mr. C. Shaler Smith has given
’. Highest daily 53°, on tho
the results of extensive observations
Lowest daily, 23’, on the
in relation to the pressure exerted
T. P earce .
by the wind. The most violent gale
recorded-by him was at East St.
—p.——---------- .
Louis, in 1871, when the wind over­
“ Liquor is responsible for nearly
turned a locomotive, the force de-
the crimes committed in this
velo(*ed in so doing being no less
; for the insecurity of
than 93 pounds per square foot.
in our snidst; for
At St. Charles a jail was destroyed
large police force;
in 1877, the pressure required being
84 pounds per square foot. At and, beingthua responsible, it should,
Marshfield, in 1880, a brick mansion be compelled to meet the responsi­
was leveled, the force necessary be­ bility and pay fafft,”—-Tri/ww-
ing 58 pounds per square foot, Be­
Would it not be still better to
low these extraordinary pressures, abolish the evil? In the case of s.
Mr. Smith instances numerous cases mad «log Would we tax' the owhet*
of trains blown off rails, and bridges, to |»av doctor bill.« and frtF coffins,
etc., blown down by gales of 24 to or would we kill the <l^g? Th»»
31 pounds per square' foot. In all Tribune advocates high license^
the examples the lowest fyce're- High license may be adopted as m
quired to do the observed damage stepping stone to something better.
has been taken as the maximum It is better than low license and tho
power of tho wind, although, of higher it h put the better. The
course, it may have been higher.
end always to be aimed at as soon
Enthusiasts who make a special as public sentiment is sufficiently
study of sunspots and attendant educated is prohibition.— Evangel*
phenomena believe that the corner«
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4^‘i- ■'
NO. 1 & 2.