Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907, December 11, 1907, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Devoted to the Mining, Lumbering and Farming Interests of this Community.
NO. 45
Abolished by the State Mil
itary Board
Will Be Separated into one Full Bat
talion and Three Separate Compa
niesNew Company Organized at
Portland, Ore, Dec. . The
Fourth Oregon Infantry, with head
quarters at Kugone, was formally
nbolinhod yesterday forenoon, at a
meeting of tho state military hoard.
This action was taken in accord .
nnc with an order lately issued by
tho war departmont requiring state I
troops to be organized and main-
tainod on a regular army basis.
The removal of the troops as-
signed to tho Fourth from the icgi- j
mental formation will entail many i
changes. Primarily it will relieve
Colonel Ceo. O. Vol an and his
staff from active Guard service, j
Hoth the commissioned and noii-.
commissioned staff of the. regiment
will find themselves without a com
mand, although they will retain
their commissions and warrants for
state service.
At present the regiment will be
segregated into one full battalion
and three separato companies. It
is iutejided shortly, however, to or
ganize, a fourth company of infan
try in Southern Oregon and thus es
tablish a second separate battalion.
The two majors aro Creed Ham
mond o Eugene, and Frank P.
Hamlin of Roscburg. Hoth, how
ever, will retain commands of bat
talions when the second separate
battalion is organized with the mus
tering iu of another company.
For this additional company Med
ford is ut present tho strongest bid
der. Seventy young men have
signed the rolls there and sent in a I witll ,uj,)jng Claims can be devel
potition to Adjutant-General Fi"-j oped and turned into paying mines
zor for an order to muster them, iu- jst aH ftnywhere else. A Nation.?!
to service. Tho minimum strength i?ol.0Ht doos not affect this work in
under tho present requirements is lho caHl exCp.,t Uiat it keeps tim-
fH men, so Medford has an ample
The field and staff officers of the
Fourth infantry, until congress
takes further action in regard to
National Guard affairs, or until
further ordors, constitute a state
provisional organization for the
purpose of recruiting an additional
regiment. Col. Geo. O. Yoran
will report to tho adjutant general
for instructions.
Death of Jacob Hohl
Jacob Oeromo llohl, son of Mr.
and Mrs. Phillip Hold, ied at the
homo of his parents on tho West
Side Thursday afternoon, Doe. G,
after an illnoss of several years of
Bl ights disease, at ' the age of 2'2
years, (5 months.
He was born in Humphrey, Ne
braska, and moved with his par
ents to this city about seven years
ago. He was a young mau of
splendid character and well likod
by everyone Besides his parent,
four brothers and four sisters are
left to mourn his death.
The luneral was held Saturday
in the Catholic church hero nt lb
a.m., conducted by Itev. Father
Fitzpatrick. A large number of
friends attended.
Mr. and Mrs. llohl and family
have the sympathy of many friends
jn their bereavement.
More About National For
What happons to the homo seek-
ci? When a National Forost Is
created tho home maker is not in
terfered with in the leant. In the
first place, before the foreHt iscreat
od, agricultural lunds aro carefully
excluded from tho boundaries. It
often happens, however, that there
are littlo patches of agricultural
land so located within tho bounda
ries that it is impossible to cut
them out. Much lands ate open to
settlement. Congress has extended
the homestead law, slightly modi
fied, to tho National Forests. The
home seeker ran travel all through
a forest,' pick out the agricultural
land he wants for a homo, apply
for it, have it listed, settle upon it
when liMted, enter it, build hia home
cultivate hin fields, patent it, and
spend the lest of his days there,
The only thing he muht be careful
about is t oliey the law and take
the land for a home, and not for
other purposes,
A National ForeHt then, does not
in the least shut out real settle-
met) t. It encourages it. The more
settlers, li e more men on hand to
fight fires, flio better protection the
forest will get, and Hie better and
fuller will be the use of all its re-
What happens to prospoeting
and mining? They goon just as
if there wero no National Foiest
there -The. urnflDficinr is absolute?.
1 fre to travel about and explore
just as much as ho pleases and
wherever he pleases, without ask
ing anybody's permission. When
ho strikes mineral be can stake out,
locate, record and develop just as
many claims as ho thinks are worth
while, precisely as ho would on the
public domain . If ho wants to get
patent to any of them he can do so
The only thing he must be careful
about is to obey the law and not
take up claims merely for tho tim
ber on them or to get possession of
tho laud lor purposes uot connected
ber in the country for the use of
the mines when they need it and as
long as they neod it.
Prospecting and mining ore ab
solutely unchecked. Tho resources
of the National Forests must be
used und the country opened up.
Therefore the more mining nnd
prospecting, the better.
Whut happens to tho timber and
wood? Tho timber and stone act
does not apply in a National Forest.
Tho title to lands valuable chielly
for timber can not pass from the
Hut aro the timber and wood
locked up'? Very for from it. The
timber is there to bo used, now and
iu the future. It is given away,
for domestic use, to tho man with a
homo and to tho prospector develop
ing his claim. They get it for the
asking, free of charge. When
wanted for commercial purposes,
timber is sold to the small man and
to tho big mau sold promptly and
at a reasonable cost. Tho small
man can buy a few thousand feet;
the big man can buy many million
feot, provided it is a good thing for
all the people to let him purchase a
large amount, but not otherwise.
The local demaud is always con
sidered first, There is no chance
for monoply, because the Secretary
of Agriculture must by law sell as
much or as little as he thinks best,
The First National Bank
Ht Cottage I rove, in the State of
Oregon, h( the clone of hiiMincsc, Dee.
Uril, V.I07.
I. Hfi mid illnroimtft i 'AWXI
Over.trMttn, ncfiirnl mnl uiiM'riirel .. M,7't2,ll
II. H. MiiikIh o wciiin ilrcnlntlmi 12.niiii.U0
l"r 111 I It lilx oil I'. H. lloll'l .Mift.OO
ilollilti, MM'MrltK'", el"' 4!l,0QK.l.ft
other Kmtl Kotate witl XmiH
llNhkliiK Iimii, Itimltur. kihI fixture 2,-V4i.0
line from NiHIihihI llnnk" not 11. itc
A Ken In 2,S.St
ltie from Htftle JlnnlfN mi( Unnlrern ... l,:t;L.'.2ri
line from irovel renervn hkciiI" sxtlni!2i
rhi'ckn nii'l other ensli Item :i,x."5 17
NotcH (it olber imlloiial bank .0u
Krni'lhninl .nper currency, nlrkcls
ml renin -.. 107. 0
Hwrl? M,rMMt
lR!tl-tniler note..: S.wm.'nj .tj.v.h.i.i
Itc'le m .t lull fit ml wild II. S; Trcnnnrrr
ft per rent of eirculHlliin fii'i 00
Total I m, 417.0?
I.IAnil.lT IF.H.
( nplltil Mix k .nnl 111 2",'i0 00
Hi.'iillln lllnil 5,i0O 00
t.''.l irolit. i'Xciim?h nml
mxe linlil 7,u.(.jO
Knllniiftl llHiik notes nutstiiwllnir V2, fi 0
Imlivl.JiiHl ili iiolm Hiiliiei t to chock iMO.m 72
DciiiHti'l t'erlini'nle of deposit I2,::it..7'
Total :i(l.1,417.!"7
Stale of Oregon, )
Count v of Lane. )
I.T.'C Wheeler, Ciislilei of the above
named hank, iloolcinnly swear tluitthu
nhovu Ktntt'inent is true to the lcnt of my
knowledge nml lielicf
SnbHcrihed and sworn to lefore me
tfiiH fith diiy of Deceinlier. 1!H)7.
FlNUAl, S. IIlNllS.
hk a 1. Notary Public.
, J Correct Attest:
to whom and at whatever price ho
thinks will best serve the interests
of all the people.
Thus the timber s there, first of
all, to be used. The more it is
used, the better. Far from being
locked up, it is, on the contrary,
opened up, and opened up on fair
terms to all alike. Whsn it is on
the open public domaiu it is often
very hard and sometimes impossible
for the small man to get it and hold
it, because he is shoved aside by
the big timber corporations with
which he cannot compete. On Na
tional Forests the Government
holds the timber with a special
view to its use by the small user.
At the present time uine-teuths of
the timber sales on National Forests
are for amounts less than $500.
Iu lOOli, 75,000,000 board feet
were given away and 700,000,000
board feet were sold.
What happens to the range?
Most of tho timber land in tho
West is eood rouge lor live stock.
This range hos to be included in
tho National Forests, because it
goes with the timber and can not
be separated from it.
Is it ihut out from use? Quito
the contrary. It is grazeil by
cattle, sheep and horses just as it
always has beeu. It is one of the
resources and is there to be usea.
At present it is used by about 1,
500,000 cattle and horses and 6,
000,000 sheep. The Government
protects it from being burned up or
froji being overcrowded and over
grazed, prevents disputes between
the owners of stock, and sees that
each owner gets the use of that
range to which he has the best
right. The small man with a homo
jn or near a National Forest always
gets the first chance.
TO THE I'SRR of water.
What happeus to the water? Noth
ing, except that the flow is steadier.
IlEitiiKitT ISakin
N. W. Wiiitk
Oliver Ykatcu
The creation of a National Forest
has no effect whatever on the laws
which govern the appropriation of
water. This is a matter governed
entireiy by State and Territorial
How e"an tho land itself be used?
Tho laua itself can be used for all
purposes. The main thing is that
tho laud, as well as what grows up
on it, must be used for the pur
pose for which it is most valuable.
On it may be built stores, hotels,
residences, power plants, mills, and
many othet thiugs. All these are
advantages to National Forests, be
cause they help to get the fullest
use out of tho land and its re
sources. Railroads, wagon roads,
trails, canals, canals, flumes, res
ervoirs aud telephoue and power
lines may be constructed whenever
and wherever they are needed, as
long as they do no unnecessary
damage to tho forest. Improve
ments of this kind uelp to opeu up
tho country, aud that is what is
to Tin-: TAXPAYER.
Wfcat happens to county taxes?
People who are uutamiliar with the
laws about National Forests often
argue that they work hardships on
the couuties in which they lie by
withdrawing a groat deal of land
from taxation. They say that if
the lands were left open to pass
into private hands there would be
much more taxable property for the
support of Bchool and road dis
tricts, The National Government
of course pays no taxes. But it
does something better. It pays
those counties in which the forests
aro located 10 per ceut of all the
receipts from the sale of timber,
use of the range, and various other
uses, and it does this every year. It
is a sure aud steady income, because
the resources of National Forests
are used in such a way that they
Official Statement From Manager
O'Brien of the Harriman
"We shall resume work on the
Harriman lines in Oregon just as
soon as money conditions will per
mit." J. V. O'Brien, vice-presi
dent and general manager of the
Harriman lines in Oregon.
With practically a complete re
versal of attitude on the question
of railroad construction in the
northwest, J. P. O'Brien, Harri
man's right-hand man for Oregoa,
gave out tho foregoing official
statement from his office this morn-
ng. Only four or five days ago,
in denying that orders had been
issued from Harriman headquarters
at Omaha to go ahead with the com
pletion of railroads in this state,
Mr O'Brien said he did not ex
pect to receive any such orders in
the immediate future.
Only one explanation can be of
fered for the change in position,
and that is: The situation in the
industrial world has improved so
substantially that the above state
ment is warranted and that Oregon
people may soon expect to see a
general resumption of work on the
many railroad projects now under
way, but which were brought to a
standstill by the laying off of sev
eral thousand workmen on No
vember 1.
Hope is also expressed that the
plans for the construction of new
which have been held in abeyance
since November 1, will be taken up
right away and these buildings
completed by early spring.
Details as to what delayed pro
jects will first be taken up are not
given out, but the intimation is
that the resumption will be gradual
and will involve practically all new
work aud revision which was
brought to a halt five weeks ago
Tineaal.e Curholized acta like a
poultice, draws out Inflammation and
poison. Antiseptic, healing, tor
happed hands, lip, cuts, burns. Sold
by New Era Drug Store.
keep coming without a break. Con
gress saw that the money returns
would soon be large, and it pro-
ided that the amount paid should
not exceed 40 per cent of the coun
ties' tax receipts from oth sources.
Taxes from private timber lands,
on the other hand, are ordinarily
only temporary returns, because
after the lands are logged tbey are
usually left to burn up and become
vacant and barren, quite valueless
for purposes of taxation. Thus a
county which is partly covered by a
National Forest is better off than
one which is not. In I9OG the Na
tional Forests paid the county
school and road funds over $75,-
ono. This amount will be almost
doubled this year.
Taking it altogether, then, it
will be seen that a National Forest
does not act like a wall built
around the public domain, which
locks up its lands aud resources and
slops settlement and industry.
What it really does is to- take the
public domain, with all its resources
and most of its laws and make sure
that the best vossible use is made
of every bit of it. Aud more than
this, it makes these vast mountain
recions a great deal more valuable,
and keeps them a great deal more
valuable, simply by using them in a
careful way, with a little thought
about the future.
Will be Held Christmas
No Invitations Issued, The Public Is
Cordially Invited -The Music Will
be First Class and Good Order
The first masquerade tall given
by Company K, O. N. G. will bo
held at the armory Christmas
The music will be of a high or
der and in the social part some sur
prises will be sprung in the way of
characters and costumes. The com
mittee in charge is working bard to
make the event surpass all others
for entertainment and is exerting it
self with this view in miDd.
The admission for masaueraders
will be $1, and for spectators 25
cents. The committee wishes it
understood that there will be no
wiitten invitations, but that every
body is invited, and thoueh it will
be public they propose to conduct
the dance in an (unquestionable
: Dairymen's Association
the Oregon Dairymen's AssociiSfofcl.
will be held under the auspices of
the Poitland Commercial Club at
Portland, Oregon, on December 12
and 13, 1907:
Thursday, Dec. 12, 10 a. 111.
. Address of Welcome, Tom Richard
son, Portland Commercial Club.
Response, Annual Address, Presi
dent E. T.JutUI, Turner.
"Testing Milk on the Farm," Dan
Blener, Brooks.
"Winter vs. Summer Dairying,"
John DlnwKldie, Woodburn.
"Necessity for Clean Milk," I.. J5.
Ziemer, Tillamook.
Thursday, Deo. 12, 1:30 p. m.
"The Relation the Dairy Industry
Bears to the Commercial Rusiness of
the country," T. S. Townseml. Port
'Care of Cream for Shipment."
Mrs. E. T . Judd, Salem.
Discission Fifteen Minutes.
"Succulent Feed for Winter," Win.
Schulmericli, Hillsboro.
Discussion Fifteen Minutes.
"Milking by Machine," Mrs. S, A.
Yokurn, Marshfiehl.
'The Dairy Cow at Home and
Abroad," Jos. E. Wing, Mechantcs
burg, Ohio.
Friday, Dec. 13, 10 a. m.
"Advanced Registration for Dairy
Cattle," Prof. F. L. Kent, Corvollis.
'Practical Dairy Suggestions," II.
L. Blancbard, Hudloek, Washington.
"What and How to Feed the Dairy
Cow," Dr. James itliyeombe, Cor-
"Future of Dairying in Eastern Ore
gon," A. Bennett, irngou.
Friday, Dec. 13, 1:50 p. m.
Business Session.
Reports of Oftlcersand Committees.
Election of Olllcers.
Address, J. W. Uailey, State Dairy
and Food Commissioner, Portland.
Address, B. 1). White, Dairy divis
ion, U. S. Department of Agriculture.
The Announcements of Premium
All railroads entering Portland
will sell round trip tickets for this
meeting, on the certificate plau, at
one and one-third fare.
To stop v:hnt pain in tho back, that
stiffneKS ot the joints and muscles,
take Plneules. Tbey are guaranteed.
Pon't Buffer from rheumatism, head
ache, kidney trouble, when you get
30 days' treatmeut for $1. A slugle
dose at bedtime proves their merit.
Gel them today. Sold by New Era,
drug store,
I l.