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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (April 17, 1907)
J THE CHARITY mUl j
J By CFFIE A. ROWLANDS I
A rarlv ns possible the followin;
morning. Sheila Fraser ordered her hor
shinned her habit, and, without waiting
for breakfast or groom. Iff t home in h.
haste for Cr.liglands. Sin- wanted to !
Xirst nt nn interview with tho d;iohcs
Aluch dois-niled on how she net.1!! now.
"If I can junt drop a few hints. and s
jurjiidioe hor flgiinst that girl, not a!
Mrs. Frascr's sweetness, or her daug'.i
tir's artfulness, will have much avail. 1
nm a rich woman I I never felt so glad
of my niomv before."
She had divorced a little from tho or
I:narv route to Cr.iigtaiuls, because there
was a better roid I'v so Joins. and n
lie trotted along fleetly, she RitJ.li'iil.v
i'9mf upon a Joe cart, in which was seat
ed Beverley Uochfort. looking wonderful
J.v handsome in his fur lined coat.
"Miss Fr.isor, this is nn unexpected
jdeasure," he said, as he lifted his ha:
n ii.I motioned the groom to tike tlx1 reins.
'Vou an out early."
"I nm going to Craiglands, to make in
onirics." she said curtly.
Beverley only smiled, but she saw at
once that he attached a good deal o."
meaning to this hasty riJe. Ho cot
hwn from the cart.
"Drive up an J Jown un'il I am ready.
Jones," he commanded, as he walkej up
to Sheila's horse anJ stroked the smooth
r.eck. "Is there, then, so much cause
for anxiety?" he nked. "Are you nerv
ous about Lord John. Miss Fraser?"
Sheila pursed her lips. She resent.xl
ftis manner. anJ she JiJ not quite under
stand it. either.
"I feel that it would be altogether a
T!oaasnt and a wise arrangement if you
and I called ourselves friends," Boverloy
aid. after a slight pause. "We have so
much in common."
"I don't think I understand you,"
8heila was startled into saying.
"I must tf? and explain myself clear
ly I know the reason of your hurried
visit to Craiglands. It is not sympathy
that tnkes you there, but something more
akin to self-interest. Oh ! do not be
angry, there is no occasion, for, my very
dear young lady, I think you are perfect
ly right. You se. although I do not
credit you with any great amount of
sympathy, I have plenty myself. Be
lieve me, I am quite sincere. Just now,"
Ileverley went on, "I said I thought it
would be not only a pleasant, but a wise
thing for you and I to become friends.
I'nion is strength, you know. Miss Fra
er: a good old maxim."
"Don't you think you had better leave
conundrums alone, and speak out
traight. Mr. Itochfort?"
"I will," he answered, quietly. "Sheila,
ve are both persons of determination and
j&mbition. My ambition takes one form.
.yocrrs another; but on one point we are
.alike we would sacrifice much to gam
our ends; would we not?"
Sheila's cold gray eyes flashed as she
nodded her head.
"You hate the girl ; I hate him ! Yon
are determined that John Glendurwood
fdinll make you his wife; I am as equal
Ily determined J shall make her mine. Ar
a"iw4 so far, the rest should be easy."
Tiei!a drew a sharp breath. She loath
ed him for his shrewdness in having read
her mind so clearly, but his words had
brought a new aspect altogether.
"It is for you to suggest." she said.
leaking swiftly and in low tones. "As
you said just now, union is strength,
end so "
"So yoti agree to be friends, eh?" Bev
lie had never had the smallest fear of
failing. lie had not watched Sheila so
carefully these past days for nothing. He
tield out his hand as he spoke and Sheila
pu hers into it.
"Have you any plans?" she asked, ab
ruptly. She was no longer so eager to
lie gone. One glimpse at this man's smil
ing, handsome, evil face told her that he
vould do nil be wished. Kven in the
midst of the satisfaction that came with
a rush, she could not repress a feeling
of jealousy and envy that he should love
Audrey and be indifferent to her. Sheila.
"I will tell you more when I return
from London. My journey there is not
wholly unconnected with this matter.
And now, I think I must say 'Au revoir.'
I sincerely trust you will find Lord John
not so bad as rumor reports. Carry my
sympathy and regards to her new grace;
she is a charming woman, and will ni'ike
an altogether excellent mother-in-law."
Sheila smiled mechanically, and gath
ering up her reins, she rode on. She
fjave a sort of shudder as she went, and
he memory of Beverley's dark, glittering
ryes lingered with her. She felt, some
how, so powerless when she was with
Sheila always felt a thrill at her heart
em she rode or drove up to Craiglands.
r'ow as she passed up the avenue and
drew rein at the covered doorway, a man
vith powdered hair and grave face came
forward to meet her.
"Her grace's love, miss, and she begs
yon will excuse her this morning; she
tloes not feel equal to leaving his lord--thip's
room. She begs, also, to thank you,
miss, for rmving tuken the trouble to
ride over and make inquiries."
"I)oes Dr. Sentance think there Is any
danger?" she asked, and there waa gen
uine anxiety In her voice.
"Dr. Sentance considers his lordship's
condition very serious," replied the ser
vant. Sheila rode back to Dinglewood cross
and anxious. She met Dr. Sentance com
ing down the avenue, and stopped to ques
"The poor fellow has not recovered
consciousness yet," the medical man an
swered. "I have telegraphed up for Uaw
on and Looksley. Miss Fraaer, it is
horrible, a dastardly affair, and for the
life of me I can't understand It. Lord
ilendurwood never seemed to have an
enemy in the world ; but upon my word
this looks to me like a malicious attack.
It has turned out he had next to nothing
In his pockets. Of course, his watch
was valuable. But who on earth is there
bout here who could have borne him a
rudj lor a uy thing be has ever done and
Mid? I suppose you have sent for fur-
her police assistant. Miss Fraser?" he
Sheila confessed she hail not even
nought of It.
"Are not the MountVrry men milli
iei't?" she nske.l.
"This is pre eminently a case for an
istute detective," he said: "and I should
telegraph up at once to Scotland Yard,
'f I were you. As the alTair happened In
vonr grounds, of course, it would be
:'lensntiter for you to have it sifted thor
oughly." "You are quite right I" Sheila said,
wnnu'y, although she could have struck
'lini with her whip for daring to dictate
to her. "I will send up to London at
As she said this, the thought of Bever
ley Kochfort came into her mind, nud all
it once she determined to learn his ad
IrcsN from Mr. Thorngato. and telegraph
to him to send down a detective, why,
she could scarcely have told.
It was long before poor Audrey closed
her tins!, aching eyes that eventful night:
she had shed no more tears after that one
passionate outburst ; she felt tt much
pain and anxiety for this natural relief.
All she could think of was Jack Gloudur-
woo.I, lying alone in the bracken. Insen
sible, half murdered. She accepted her
mother's tender comfort, in a vague.
lreamy way. All the sudden joy and
pride that had sprung into being early
in the evening, as she listened to the story
of her birth, seemed to have vanished
beneath this great sorrow.
The sun was shining high In the heav
ens when she opened her eyes, and found
her mother bending anxiously over her.
Constance Fraser gained strength at sight
of her child's suffering. She was now
the strong, courageous woman ; she put
aside all her invalid ways, and rose su
preme to the moment.
"Look after her well," she said to
Marshall, as she donned her outdoor gar
ments and prepared to drive over to
The duchess, proud, self-reliant, self-
possessed as she was generally classed
to be, was after all only an ordinary
woman, with a mother s heart beating
quick and strong in her breast. Her two
Ihjvs had been her darlings from the ear
liest days of their childhood ; she had nev
er been so fond or so proud of her one
daughter, who was too much like her
father in nature and character to prove
a comfort to the other parent.
The tenra came to the mother's eyes
as Constance Fraser, after speaking all
the consolation and sympathy she could
think of, mentioned the countess' name.
"I will stay with you till Gladys
comes," she said, gently; "I am sure
there is much I can do."
"Gladys will not come," the duchess
answered, quietly enough ; and then all
at once she broke down. "Oh, Con
stance! My dear! My dear!" she
moaned, "what shall I do if I lose both
my boys? Duncan's days are numbered
I know it only too well and Jack,
my bonny, my dear, good, noble Jack !"
Then Constance knelt beside her and
cheered her again.
"Y'ou are alarmed by this Insensibility;
it is nothing; it often happens with con
cussion of the brain. I prophesy that
in a week's time you will have Jack out
of bed, or very nearly so. Now I want
you to look at me; don't you see a change
in my face? Yes, I see you do; shall I
tell you all about it?"
And then, as gently, as briefly as she
could, Constance bared the secrets of her
heart to her friend.
"And you have found your child, Con
stance? I am glad. I rejoice, my dear,
in your happiness. You must 1st me see
her soon. I shall love her for your sake
and for poor Frank's; he was a great
favorite of mine."
Constance Fraser covered her face with
her hands, and when she drew them away
it was ashen white.
"Hush!" she said, almost Innudibly ;
"do not let us speak of him. The pain
is too deep, too great. Such horrible re
morse comes over me when I begin to
think, that I fear for my reason. I
know now I was deceived, that I doubted
him wrongly ; but but that Is all I dare
let myself know just yet, it makes my
The duchess bent and kissed the sweet,
"Have courage! Kemember your
hild !" she whispered.
"I do! I do!" answered Constance,
brokenly. "In her I must live again.
Go 1-mamma, I want you to promise to
befriend her, to stand by her always."
"For your stike and for hers, I prom
ise this, Constance; she shall never want
a friend while I am alive."
John Glendurwood's condition showed
no change, and although Dr. Sentance
declared he would pull his patient
through, he nevertheless felt much doubt
and anxiety as to his ultimate success.
"It is the mind that is keeping him
back," he di-clared over and over again
to Mrs. Fraser, and at last ventured to
express the same idea to tho duchess.
Thut very same evening as Constance
was dressing for dinner, a carriage ar
rived from Craiglands with a hurried
message from the duchess.
Would Mrs. Fraser kindly drive over
as soon as possible her grace wished to
see her particularly."
Audrey sat before the fire in her moth
er's room; she was clad in a pretty little
white gown made In picturesque fashion,
and her hands already hud lost the work
stains that had seemed ho out of place on
them. She was scarcely conscious of
what was going on around her. The past
few days had sapped her strength, she
cured to do nothing, could do nothing but
sit and wonder bow her beloved, her hero,
was. How little did she guess that, as
she sat there fearing, dreading every
fresh moment, that her lover was then
speaking her name as Constance Fraser
bent over his bed.
"He has called her so often," his moth
er wblsoered, with 'alvriog lip. "Oh,
Constance I My dear, you w ill do as be
asks I It may be Ms last wish!"
Constance pressed her lips on tho brow
ntmve those eves that, only a short time
ago had been laughing and sparkling
with life, happiness and manly vigor.
"Be comforted." she said, gently, for
as he not lying on the edge of that dark,
dread river? "it shall be as you wish."
"And Audrey --my wife before 1
die?" the wor,! ven uttered so faint
they were scarcely audible.
"And Audrey, my child, shall be jour
wife at once, without delay."
A smile of Joy radiated the oor young
feltow's face; he tried to clasp her hand,
lo murmur thanks, but be could do noth
ing but lie there, helpless as a child lit
his utter prostration.
Tho following morning, before Con
stance Fraser had bid time to compose
her thoughts, and begin to prepare her
child for what lay before her, Sheila
ciime Into the room.
Audrey was lying very quiet In hor
little ImvI. and the other girl notiii'd, with
anger in her heart, how exquisitely love
ly ns that pale young face, pillowed
among tho delicate lace edged linen and
shadowed by the pink-lined curtains. It
made her even savage, in her jealous
hatred, to notice what daintiness tho
mother nlrendy gave to her new-found
"I came to tell you," she said, very
abruptly, "that I nm going to Iondoti
for a few days. Janet will accompany
ino. Is there anything that I can do
Mrs. Fraser shook her head. Sheila
went away In total ignorance that tho
most viral turn in events was to take
It was no unusual thing for her to go
to London for a few days, as she was a
shrewd business woman, anil superintend
ed nearly nil the movements of her af
fuirs. This time, however, there was
nothing that would demand her atten
tion, except this former marriage of her
She determined during her almence
from Dinglewood to go herself to Broad
borough and make full inquiries about
"I will not rest till I hnve full and
complete proof that she is Frank Ana
truther's child. If only I can be success
ful and discover any flaw, I think I
shall know how to make it disagreeable
for Mrs. Fraser and her charity girl."
To Sheila's annoyance she found that
Mr. Chester was In possession of every
fact relating to Audrey's birth, and in
a very short time placed these facts bo
"There Is not n shadow of doubt. Miss
Fraser," ho said quietly, "that this young
girl is Miss Anstruther. I have boon
myself to Broadboroush and made every
inquiry, and if these inquiries- had failed,
the appearance of the registration of
birth and the marriage certificate would
settle the question. I have Iwen down
to the church where Miss Gnscoigne mar
ried Captain Anstruther, and have pro
cured another copy of the certificate.
Here it is."
"Which is so much worthless paper.
...-.i ' I,,, .
: v. .. f 1 ....... ; , . ......
mm i ok ii) , n.,,a mj a , , u it.
ing." Sheiln remarked curtly.
"I am happy in being able to assure
you that this romance is not true, nnd
congratulate you that your stepmother
has at least one joy left hor in life. Fate
has treated her harshly, poor lady."
She arose abruptly, and went away.
As she re-entered her hotel, she saw a
pile of ltiggaffo being carried in, and in
her pretematurnlly sharp way she rec
ognized the livery of the footman, who
was superintending the portmanteaus ami
huge boxes, as that worn by the servnnts
of tho Karl of Daleswater. She whispor
id to her maid. Boocham. to find out If
the family were about to stay nt the hotel,
and passed upstairs with the first sensa
tion of pleasure she had experienced for
some time, which grew stronger as she
learned that the countess and her chil
dren were expected up tho following day
from Daleswater House.
(To he ronrlnued.t
The wealthy old gentleman on mo up
the Hteps dripping with ' inspiration
and pulling like an automobile.
"Oh, father," faltered the Iwnutlful
heiress, nervously, "where have you
"I linveleen attending to that French
count who Is after your Lund and my
"Gracious, father, I hope you haven't
been rude. The count Is such a deli
cate gentleman. Didn't I tell you to
handle hi in with gloves?"
The old gentleman ami led grimly.
"Oh, I handled him with gloves all
"You did? Oh. I am ko glad."
Yes, the biggest boxing gloves I !
could find, and then I put a horseshoe
Afruld He'd ( liniiKO.
"Could you guess how old I am?" said
the girl with the crows' feet, giving a
"Why. you're about 2L" said tho
man who thought he ought to be kind
"Bomomlier," hhe said, with more gig
gles, "I only gave you one guess."
IS' ol hi iik It lit the Truth.
Buneum My physician tells me I am
working too hard.
Marks The M. D. evidently knows
Buneum Why do you think so?
Marks I have lx-en comparing notes
with a few of our mutual friends and J
I find you have worked us pretty hard. I
Distinction Without IMfferene.
Sensitive Golfer (who has foozled)
Did you laugh nt mo, boy 7
Caddie No, sir; I wis laughln' at
Sensitive Golfer And what's funny
about him? I
Caddie He plnya gowf awfu' like
you, air. Bunch.
"What kind of a disposition has our
dysiieptlc friend?" 1
"None at all only an Indlapotlori.,,
WMhlugton Star. '
low to (rlntl mi As,
To get tlio best results In grinding
an ax o must bavo a long, thin bevel
say n correspondent of tho American
Cultivator. To liavo this bevel usnblo
the tool must bo of tho best nlool, prop
orly tempered. Now to t!i so.und Mlnt
No any that our bevel must vnry no
cording to tho hardness or softness of
tho wood to bo woikiMl. Why? Be
mtso In mi nx the cutting rslgo simply
consists of tho middle layer of filters
In the blade; next to them Is tho next
t.iyer, n little farther bai'k, and so on
Thus we can see thttt the edge only
keep sharp because lie layer of fibers
lying next to It ovelloa It ami prevents
It from boa king 'away by lending It
part of Its elasticity. The third layer
does so to the tKiviut, and so on right
through. The harder the flintier the
shorter the lievel. the softer the tlmtwr
the longer. In reason. Hold the ax as
shown In the second cut and keep the
edge at right angles to the stone; travel
the blade up or down a little when
grinding the corners. Always turn the
stone toward tho dgo;' this applies to
all edge tools, for two reasons: Turn
lug from the -,ge will always grind n
round, coarse bevel; the olnts of the
fibers are left mticli more loose nnd
open, thus giving much loss elasticity
than when compacted together ns they
are by the stone turning to them. Nev
er grind dry; It boats the steel there
by, r.s shown by taking the temper out
of It. Never grind In the center of the
stone, ns so tunny do, with the edge
parallel to the stone, as It spoils tho
Htone for grinding and twists the fillers
of the uteel at right angles to their
projMT cutting angle. Always give the
blade (not the -ye) a dip clean wa
ter after grinding.
The blade clean, now take a slip, oil
stone or m stone and gently nib
;tralght across the bevel nnd then up
and down, to rub ofT any wire edge
nnd to Inlock the edge libers. Make
the first rubs the hardest and the last
the lightest. The practice so common
of giving the edge a few light turns
mi tho grindstone, parallel to the stone.
to rub off the wire edge and save rub
bing on the finer stone Is a bad one
even when the stone Is a very fine grit,
as It disturbs the edge fibers and
roughens them up Into little taw teeth
w uich soou chew off fu UH.
Several methods of ewtlmatlng yearly
records from a few weighing and tent
have been proposed. The only abso
lutely accurate way to tell the amount
of milk nnd butter fat produced by a
cow is to weigh nnd tent the milk, at
every milking. Cows vary no much !n
(he amount and quality of their milk
from one milking to another, owing to
various causes, many of which are un-
I controllable, that entirely accurate re-
suits cannot be secured by weighing
and testing the milk weunnl at a few
milking and using the result as a ba
sis for estimating the total production
for a lactation jx-rlod or even a month.
Many dairymen, however, do not feel
they can take the time to secure dally
records; nor is this necessary If It Is
simply desired to obtain a reasonably
accurate estimate of ft cow's perform
ance at the end of the year. An ap
proximate record Is sufficient for com
paring one cow with another or for de
termining whether a cow Is up to the
profit standard. C. B. Lane, United
States Department of Agriculture.
Plants for Honey Ileea.
The plants that serve as forage for
honey bees are: For March, the wil
lows, soft maple, elm, alder and dog
tooth violets: for April, the above and
the June berry, crimson clover, dando-
Hon, gooseberry, currant, apple, pear,
peach, cherry, plum and rhododendron,
although some yeurs they may not
bloom until May, much depending upon
the section, and climate. During May
i those mentioned will be re-enforced by
I the holly, lunp tree, ruspourry, persim
ne bickberry. alslke. clo-
yer Btraw berry nnd white clover. Along
,Q tho 8uU1iner. beginning the latter
part of May and tlie flrBt part of June,
the mnguolia, cow pea, cntalpa, dalBy,
nlfalfa, milk weed, cucumber, melon,
aweet clover, corn, buckwheat and nu-
merous flowers keep up tu upiV un-
til UU In the season,
Vert III slnsjr Problems.
Without manure or fort Ulcer there Is
no farm capable of producing crops year
after year, for all soils must be mtp
piled with that which should take the
place of the substances removed during
the growth of crops. Plants, like ani
mals, have life, are possessed of organs
ami vessels In which circulates a Muld,
and which, aided by an appropriate
nourishment, develop an organic muss
In a given time. The most fruitful soil
will be that which In the same time
will have produced the most considera
ble weight of organic matter reduced to
a dry stale. All manure put Into the
earth should be In a Mate of liiimus
and ns soluble In water as possible, so
that the plants can sel.e iimmi It and
appropriate It to themselves. Manure
consists of nil the elements of vegeta
ble matter. As soon as It Is soluble the
roots absorb It and coiiinuiiili'aif' It '
the Interior organs of the plant, which
secrete It In the parts In which It has
need to develop Itself; hence the more
a piece of land Is mixed with soIuMm
manure, the more It produces plants
and vegetable qualifications, only the
consumption of the manure Is not tho
same In all. In order to derive crops
from the soil, therefore, the weight of
the plant foods added to the soil, either
1 1 1 the forms of manure or fertilizer.
should be equal to the plant food of
the crop to be obtained; In other terms,
when one wishes to obtain from a Hold
which has no trace of manure a pro
duction of given weight It Is necessary j
to carry and place In this field other
organic matters prodiioisl elsew here and
of an equal weight, or the soil will lose
The Mo.' Ilnlh Tub.
Dipping hogs Is nt best nasty work.
and by providing a properly constructed
bath tub much. If not all, of this work
may be avoided, says the Prairie Far
mer. Construct a tank of any width
and length you please. Just so It Is largo
enough, but be careful not to get It
IIATII Ti ll roa TIIC IKMIS.
more than 1." Inches di-op. A ginxl slaso
t make Is feet wide by 10 feet long
and 1, inches deep, using lumber 2
Inches thick and l.'i Inches wide for
the sides mid ends, and flooring of
galvanized Iron for the bottom. Set
this In the ground under ll shed near
where the hogs are fisl and fill to a
depth of alsiiit 1 Inches with water
nnd on top of this place half an Inch
of crude oil.
During summer nnd fall, nnd even on
renl warm daye In winter, hogs will
gladly use this to wallow In If shut
away from mudholes, and It Is sure
death to Ili-o nnd skin diseases. The
advantage of this tub over pouring tho
crude oil Into mtidliob's ns has been
suggested. Is that It Is more economical
and Is cleaner, besides being more ef
Pop com Is a g'sid crop to grow. csik-
clally If the grower Is able to keep It a j
season or two In case of low prices. I
Only the white varieties ore suitable for
market, ns most of the ivru goes Into'
popworn balls, and the nearer white,
the U'tter, colored varieties liclng sure'
to jolI the o fleet and sale of the
I Hipped .article. In culture some readily-available
fertilizer should be plant
ed with the seed, as the young plants
are not so sturdy us the snrotits of oth
z'-rr: zztZi rJm- -
er corn. A good start does wonders for ,1S,!' f!"n- I'"" "'" ' rommand of
. ,.,,,,.i. i, ,.i ...-nl the troops at Charleston.
lilt l.'l 11. AJI lUU' li t ill, IJJ1II1IJ
lie given, i tie urin system is the
easiest nud most profitable, and three
feet between tho rows Is sulllclent.
Kloe corn, which Is the most deslrablo
of anv for Planting, can stand thirteen
to sixteen Inches apart In thn drill, and
do well -if the soil Is good. Buyers'
demands are Imm-ratlve and must be
met. They are that the corn must be
at least one year old, to pop well, and'
entirely free from mold, staining by
mice, or mice odors, free from silk and
husks, and In every way sweet anil
Our Hlval to the Houth.
The Argentine Republic threatens to
be a greater rival of the United States
than Is appreciated by most persons.
Becouse of the locution of the country,
the climate Is a little less subject to
great variations than that of tho Unl-
ted Stotes, and all crops that can bo
raised In this country can bo grown In
the Argentine Kepubllc with much less j Gould South Western railroad sys
rlsk than here. Tho cereul crops and tem.
cuttle-raising are very flourishing, nnd
a very promlalng murket Is being open
ed up In Europe.
Water for Fowls.
In the composition of nn egg there Is
a large iwrcentage of water. Wo often
think that liens In winter are not pro
vided with enough pure water. With
out water they can no more furnish
eggs tuun wuuoui corn or wneat. ll
behooves, then, to see that tho fowls
are provided with plenty of flno water,
and that It Is not In a congealed form,
for It Is very hard, If not Impossible,)
for a fowl to partake of It when In a
solid form, I
Ileea on the Farm.
Every farmer should have a hlvo of
bees on the farm, even If be attaches
but little value to the honey. The bees
are excellent forugers and carry pollen
from one plant to another. In communi
ties where no bees nro kept there will
be found orchards that do not bear, the
cause being unknown, while a hive or( "Faith. Ol'in not." replied the' wit
two of bees In the neighborhood would ness. "All th' teeth Ol hoven't got wor
change the conditions. traded In this couuthrv. Inborn,
V1 Island of Guam discovered by Ma
gellan. i .jiii it., , i.i in. I,, ih irinrr to Mary
IJuocii of Scots, murdered by lrd
I iiu nley.
PITS Ghent surrendered lo Louis XIV.
ITU'-' King William III. died and Queen
Anne came lo I he throne of Lngliind,
17,'ti.' Koiill Khan usurped the Persian
Kd.'i The Htnmp act passed by th
Itrllish House of Lords.
111. of Sweden Ssa-
jS0 British naval ami military etpedl
Hon arrived in Aboiikir May. FtOP-
.... British .1. Touted the French ut
battle of At kir. I'k'.U't James
Mmlisoii of Virginia becuiiie Secre
tary of Si ale.
1S. Itritish def.nt.d French at battle
of Barrosa, In Spain.
1-SI Lord Wi llillgloll defeated the
French ami entered Itordeam . . . .
Buttle of I .nun. III whi'll NniM.leoll
was defeated by Marshal Itluclier.
IS'."-.'- -President Monroe recommended
nsiignit ion of Independence of Mex
ico and the South Aineriinil States.
l.VJ.'. Henry Clay of K. niui-ky became
Secretary of State.
-Catholic emancipation promised In
F.iiglaml, . . . John Mcpherson Ber
rien of Georgia became Attorney
Gt nil of I'nitrd State".
1H.10 petroleum discovered lii Kentucky,
bottled nn.l sold as a medicine....
The "Book of Mormon." written by
Solomon Spaulding, published In
New York.. First gold from Georgia
mines received at Fulled States mint.
18.1U Arkansas adopted a constitution.
j . . . . Mussncre of thn Alamo,
1H.'7 Bank of British North
opened its first otlice at Montreal.
ISI'J - Income tax proposed by Sir ltob
ISM -John C. Calhoun of South Caro
lina became Secretary of Stnte,...
First Issue of the Toronto Globe.
181." Steamboat Swallow wrecked In
Hudson river, with loss of many
18I7--Battle of Vera Crus.
1SID -Thomas F.wlng of Ohio took office
as first SiM-retary of the Interior.
ISoO-- Hubert Stephenson sent the first
locomotive through the Britannia tu
bular bridge over the Menal straits.
lS.'.'l -Jefferson Davis of Mississippi be
came Secretary of War.
1.S.M - r.li-ction riots In Milwaukee be
tween Germans ami Irish.
1H."." - First stesin fire engine exhibited
IS.'d - 'ovent Garden theater, Iimlon,
destroyed by fire.
lS."f - An roil V. Brown of Tennessee be
came Postmaster General of the
IRH2 -Battle of Pea Itldge. ... Battle of
the Merrlmsc and Monitor In Hamil
ton Itoads. . . .(Sen. McClellnn look
command of tho Army of the Poto
mac. , I--Princess Alexandra of Denmark
arrived in Fnglnnd to bee,,,,,, the
I ,'ri,,,' uf lU 1 of ui"H-
lsui itoservoir near Mieineiu, r.ugianii,
burst, and 270 persons drowned.
180U tjueon Victoria Instituted the Al
bert medal as reward for heroic ac
tions among mariners,
18(18 Impeachment court convened to
try President Johnson,
1S71 Treaty of Washington, between
the ('tilted States and Kngland.
J87 1 -First meeting of tho Prince Kd-
ward Island Legislature.
lS7S-Sleamer Sphinx burned and sunk
on Island of Cyprus; 700 lives lost.
I87l)-Peruvlan port of Iqul.nie block-
nded ty Chile.
isdd-Knights of Labor strike on ib.
18S'.I -King Milan of Servla abdicated In
favor of his son.
1891 France consented to arbitration
on Newfoundland fisheries question.
18r Mrs. William K. Vanderhllt se
cured an absolute divorce from her
husband.... Harry Hayward convict
ed In Minneapolis of the murder of
l)7 tjueen Banavalona III. of Mada.
gascar exiled by the French.
isiis China leased Port Anio.-
n for nlcety-nlne years.
B)00 Then tor Francals In I'.ri.
stroyed by firo.
jooi-Great Britain declined to accent
Senate amendments to Hav-Paune.
ID0.1 General strike of elevated railroad
employes In New York City,
llKKl American troops killed 000 Moro
In battle near Jolo.
Fuels In the (use.
"Are you of foreign extractlonT
asked the cross-ex a in In I nir lnwvu