Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907, November 15, 1905, Image 6

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CHAPTER V. Continued.)
Fnnllne had not much soul, and she
dul not really cure much for music as
music; but she liked the pleasant, sooth
ing effect it had upon her. So she went
to the opera two or three timet week
ml In the intervals whispered scandal,
ate ices, drank coffee, or doxed gracefully
behind the curtains of her box. This
evening Mrs. Seton and she were scarce
ly settled in their seats before Lord Sum
mers begged admission.
The good nnt tired old gentleman look
ed rather worried, ns he- took the chair
behind Pauline and exchanged civilities
with both ladies.
"I have had a visit from Hennolr this
afternoon, Paulina," his lordship began.
"The poor boy is terribly upset by your
"He will get over it."
"Hut. my dear girl, have you no heart
at all? To my knowledge this is the
seventh most satisfactory offer you have
refused. 1 dare aay yon have had quite
as many of which I have heard nothing
I begin to think you are heartless. " --
"Perhaps you are right," she said. In
differently. "I?ut you must allow there
are two sides to the question. Ou the
one hand, you ask why I do not marry.
I answer your question by asking. 0:1 the
other, 'Why should I marry 7 I do not
love these men who propose to me. I
am my own mistress: 1 have everything
I wish for and I am happy as I am."
"There is the estate, you know, to
think of. The succession lies between
you and your Cousin Ethel, the sweet
faced child I pointed out to you the other
day. If you die unmarried, the estate
will revert to her children at your death.
Of course, there is nothing against that.
But I am sensitive about the trust im
posed on mo by my old friend. Sir Paul.
As I read it, his will lays the whole re
sponsibility of this question of succes
sion on my shoulders. In other words,
lie leaves me the power to pick and
choose a fitting head for the House of
Mailing. Now, iu the event of your not
marrying, the next heir will be the off
spring of this Ethel and her artist hus
band, Mr. Dornton."
Pauline had kept herself well under
control, but slie could not avoid aa ex
clamation as Lord Summers put this
point before her.
"That Mr. Dornton, to whom you have
been kind, is engaged to your cousin, you
know. Well, he is a very nice young
man clever, well looking, nice manners
and all that; biit 1 don't think Sir Paul
would have chosen him as th'e perpetua
tor 01 the Mailing' family."
"Why not'" The question was put
quickly almost, it seemed, in spite of
X "Well, it seems to me that the question
answers itself. Who is he? What Is he?
Whence comes be? Who are his people?
What were, his father and grandfather?
Of course he will make an excellent hus
band for poor little Ethel, for he is bound
to come to the front."
"Do you know, whenever you talk of
that child, I fancy you regard me as an
interloper? I am sure your sympathies
are with her."
"Not at all not at all! You are too
sensitive. I aiu glad to know that
Geoffrey's child is not likely to suffer
hardship. This Dornton seems a manly,
honorable young fellow, and will take
good rare of that pretty little creature.
I shoull not like to think that my old
friend's daughter was fated to spend her
life in copying from the old masters of
the Kensing'oa Museum, as she told me
ahe does now."
It was well for his lordship's opiulon
of his ward's disposition that she was
Bitting with her face turned toward the
stage during his kindly little speech. He
was a shrewd old man, and, had he seen
the hatred and malice in her eyes when
he spoke of Ethel, his previous judgment
of her character might have been con
siderably shaken.
The next day Miss Mailing drove to
the Kensington Museum, taking Habette
with her. It was a students' day, and
the visitors made the round of the gal
leries in quietness, Pauline stopping in
apparent interest by the side of every
lady student. At last she found what
aha sought. Hhe passed on until she
reached a quiet corner, and then beck
oned Habette to her side.
"You see that very young girl in the
array dress with her holland apron? That
is the person whose address I want. Keep
her in sight until she leaves; follow her
home, get her address, and theu go to
some of the shops close by and hud out
her naive."
"Mademoiselle does not even know her
"I know her real name, but not the
one she is going by just now. Whatever
you do, don't miss her."
Miss Mailing returned to her carriage,
feeling that she had accomplished a
good afternoon's work.
"I'll not give way! If I stay away
one day, I shall want to do it again, and.
then my copy will not be finished."
Ethel uttered this alum, though she
was alone, evidently with the idea that
merely hearing the words would, per
haps, strengthen her waning resolution,
Poor chihl! Her head ached, and her
eyes looked quite pathetic with the heavy
circles round them; but she refused to
fity herself, and resolutely plunged her
lead into a large basin of wuter, rubbed
her balr half dry, and started for the
Though her bead still ached a good
deal, the copy made fair progress, and
there was no sign of neglect or hurry in
the work, her t-robbiug temples notwith
standing. She always wore a bat with a rather
large brim, when copying, to save her
eyes from the light from above, and at
tha same time shut out most of the
room and Its occupants from her view,
o that her attention was not ao liable
to wander from ber work.
She was encaged on a difficult patch
of shadow and aha sighed a aha realised
ifc's Secret,'
. . u...erence between her shadow and
that of the obi master. At that moment
her father echoed the sigh; and followed
it up by:
"Too solid altogether too solid, my
"I know It as well at you do, dad,"
she said, plaintively; "but how am I to
alter It?"
"Suppose we leave the shadow for to
day, and gA out Into the sunshine for
an hour or two?"
"Now, dad, don't tempt me to desert
the post of duty. If you knew what a
struggle I had with myself before I start
ed this morning, how I longed to stay
at home and 'coddle" Instead of facing
my work like a woman."
"I.eave the painting for a few mo
ments, dear; I want to introduce you to
Captain Pelling. My daughter! "
Ethel plucked off her unbecoming head
gear ns she turned to face the unknown
visitor. She was greatly surprised at
the introduction, her father having kept
her in strict seclusiou sines she left
school a year before.
"I taught Cop tain Polling the rudi
meuts of sketching before ho went on
an expedition to Central Africa three or
four years ago, and he Is sj delighted
with his own efforts that he wanted to
carry me right away to Wimbledon at
once, to see and prHise them."
"That is scarcely a truthful statement.
Miss Mallet t," put In Captain Pelting
with a smile. "I don't want praise, but
judgment. The expedition I went out
with la going to publish the result of our
investigations, and they want some of my
sketches to illustrate the work. When I
saw Mr. M:llett In Picadilly I thought.
'Here is the man who will tell ir.e hon
estly if I dare to allow them to be pub
lished;' anil I pounced upon him. And
now I have obtained two judges in the
place of one. My trap is waiting out
side, and I trust you will let me take you
both down to my little box. My house
keeper will find us something to eat, aud
in the cool of the evening we can go
quietly through my little pictures aud
arrange them together."
Ethel looked puzzled. Mr. Mallett
could hardly conceal the surprise he felt
at the adroit manner in which his late
pupil had managed to include "the child,"
Ethel glanced at her rather worn but
prettily made dove-colored gown and her
bibbed hollauJ apron.
"I am not in presentable order," she
bega n.
"Hut you will see no one but the house
keeper and the present company. Show
yourself superior to such considerations
Miss Mallett. It will be a positive favor
to me, for they are hurrying the prep
arations forward, and I should not like to
be the cause of delaying the publication
of the book.
"Very well; I will come. But papa
will tell you I am of no use In a case of
this sort."
Ethel leaned back In the well-cush
ioned phaeton and listened lazily to the
conversation between the two men, her
father sharing the back seat with the
Captain Telling's horses traveled well
and, the breeze blowing right in her face
Ethel gradually lost the depressing pain
in her head and began to feel interested
in the places they were passing.
Whn at last the horses stopped at a
tiny cottage, consisting to all appear
ances entirely of bay windows and
creeper covered porch, and looking tinier
still by comparison with the gigantic elin
trees that surrounded it, she had a slight
tinge of pink in her cheeks, and the dark
rings had nearly disappeared from round
her eyes.
A pleasant middle-aged woman came
to the hall door, and Captain Pelling
handed Ethel over to her at once.
"Give Miss Mallett a cup of especially
good tea, Mrs. Crlchton, and make her
lie down until a quarter of an hour be
fore dinner. Above all, don't let her
talk; Bhe has had a bad headache"
Ethel looked at him In mute surprise
"and it will return If she exerts herself
before Bhe dines."
Mr. Mallett looked amused; but the
captain, supremely unconscious of having
said or done anything unusual, led the
way through the long, low hall and out at
a glasB door at the end.
"This way, miss;" and Mrs. Crlchton
opened the door, through which she was
followed by Ethel.
It was the loveliest room the young
girl had ever seen. The walls were a
subdued stone green, the curtains and
general decorations were of the same
color, artistically touched up here and
there with gold. There was a soft old
looking Persian rug that covered the
whole floor, except a few inches by the
walls. The Hour of the windows were
bare, save for some exquisite specimens
of skins which Ethel did not even know
the names. Each of these windows whs
tastefully and luxuriously furnished.
There were two very fine paintings on
the walls, and the whole room was lit
tered most picturesquely with valuable,
curiosities brought home by Captain
Ethel looked round her with a sense
of supremo delight. Mrs. Criclitou mis
took the look, and apologized for the
general untidiness of the room.
"Von see, miss, Captain Peling took
the house only three weeks ago. He
don't allow Marl ha or 1110 to touch his
wonderful curiosities, so I mil obliged
to put up with this dreadful state of
things. You will find this couch more
comfortable for a rest than either of
loose small ones. If you will allow me,
I will throw this light woolen shawl over
your feet. Let me raise your pillow the
least bit. There" after carefully ar
ranging it, "that Is more comfortable. I
will bring the tea in a few minutes.
How good the tea was, and how enjoy
able the great quietness and peace seam
ed to Ethel after the distracting roar
and rattle of the London streets!
Captain Pelling came through tha win
dow by-and-by and was surprised to tea
Ethel lying there. Ha bad ei pec ted Mr a.
Crlchton would take bar to her own saao-
tnm. lie sfiwvl Irresolute for a motnf
Just Inside the window, and then crossed
the room to look more closely at hi
pretty young guest.
"She's as pretty as a picture, and ns
good ns gold. If 1 know anything nbout
physiognomy. She has a trouble of some
sort, pour l ule child! I should like to
kiss those tears nawy. 1 wonder what
she's worrying about. Perhaps Mallett
Is hard up; he seems a careless soft of n
fellow. I'll see if I can't help thrtu a
bit In that direction, anyway."
This was a genuine red letter day for
Ethel. She was so Intensely Interested
in the Captain's description of his trav
els that for the time she was drawn out
of herself and her own affairs. Mr.
Mallett, too, was heartily pleased. And
Pelling was equally satisfied with hit
guests. When the evening was over, he
was surprised to find how well he had
talked, and he felt convinced that suc
cessful conversation as often depends on
the quality of the listener as of the
There was not much progress made In
the ostensible purpose of the visit, seeinf
thnt the "little sketches" which turned
out to be rather good specimens of their
class ted the way to so much descrip
tion that they looked only at some halt
dozen before they came to one that cre
ated a diversion which lasted until they
started for home.
The Captain had been holding forth on
the pluck and fidelity of a native ser
vant at whose portrait they were look
ing, when Ethel said:
"I wonder you did not persuade him to
come to Knglnnd with you. Your rela
tives would have worshiped him In their
gratitude for having saved your life so
"1 have not one relative In the world.
Miss Mallett." answered the Captain
Ethel's glance was full of sympathy.
"I beg your pardon," she put in hast
ily. "1 am sorry 1 made the remark."
"Don't be sorry. I'm very glad. I of
ten long to talk a little about myself
You can't believe what nn awful feeling
it is to know that there is not one per
son In the world who Is sutllciently in
terested In you to care for your private
"Decidedly unpleasant," murmured
Mr. Mallett.
"You'll hardly believe. Mallett, that
this is the most domesticated evening
I've spent for the last six years. Jolly
hard, when you consider that 1 am nat
urally fond of home and all that kind of
tiling! I was just getting weary of the
loneliness of this place, but your being
here to-night has changed the whole as
pect of affairs. It looks so homelike to
see you sitting there as if you belonged
to the place. Miss Stallett. .To-morrow
night 1 shall fancy I see you still there,
and be reconciled for a time nt least."
"Y'ou should marry best recipe in the
world for loneliness!" Mr. Mallett ob
served, laughingly.
"Tried it. and lound It a failure."
"Eh!" Mr. Maliett sat upright and
stared Into his host's face. "I beg your
pardon, Polling, if I have said anything
"Not at all In fact. If I shouldn't bore
you so horribly as to prevent your ever
taking compassion on me again, I should
like to tell you about my marriage. Some
times I think it must all have been a
dream, it seems so unreal."
He sat for a moment gating absently
Into the garden, which was beginning to
look dim and shadowy in the summer
twilight, as if he were calling up the
past from its gloomy depths. Ethel felt
a shiver of superstitious awe pass over
her, and the movement seemed to brlug
back the captain from the momentary
reverie into which he had fallen.
(To be continued.)
Farmer Fo(I.-rhtick.
"Queer folka in the city," rema'-twd
Fanner Foddershucks. "They pit ev
erythlpg chnrged at the stores, I guess
never think o' pnyln' cash. W'y, I
went Inter a big place ter git Mnndy
some callker Inst week nn' I laid
daown a $5 bill ter pny for It. Th'
clerk give one look at It nn' yelled out,
all excited: 'Cash!' An' I awnn If a
hull flock of kids didn't come n-runnln'
to aee it." Cleveland Leader.
Not Loaded.
Maybelle Clarence and Jack quar
reled, about me!
Estelle How exciting! What did
they do?
Maybelle Oh, it was awful! I came
Into the room and they were waving
pistols at ench other.
Estelle Pistols? Mercy! Were they
Maybelle Not a bit they were as
sober as could be! Cleveland Leader.
Fully Oimllfled.
Ornsplt (angrily) What! more mon
ey? If you keep on, you'll bankrupt
me, then after I'm dead you will be a
Mrs. Grasplt (calmly) Oh, well, I'll
he u great (leal better off than some
poor women who never had any ex
perience in that line.
Those Heartless Creditor.
"No I cun't affcid to work for 5,000
a year."
"Can't! And why not?"
"Because it would be too good a
thing for my creditors. They'd take it
all away from me." Cleveland Plolu
Verdict of J mine Lynch.
"How did the trial of the alleged
horse thief end?" asked the atrauger
from the effete i-nst.
"Oh, In the usual mnnner," replied
the landlord of the Arizona village
Inn. "The defendant was left In sus
pense." la Hard Luck.
The Judge Have you anything to
offer the court before sentence la pass
ed on you?
The Prisoner No, your honor; I
bad 13, but my lawyer appropriated
Olvea Tli em a Hals.
Edna I don't sea Mabel at the club
since she got the automobile. Doei
she miss ber Mends?
Ida Not if they happen to be cross
ing th street when she comas past
1'lcWet Krm-e levlce.
A simple effective plan for building
n picket and wire fence without " ""
chine Is suggested .y (1, C. Schneider,
of A vii, Mo. Up says:
A device which will answer the pur
pose of a fence machine Is made ns
follows: Take pieces of n foot or
so long, bore two small holes near tho
end of each, put t lit wires through
these boles and fasten to post where
011 wish to begin. Theu stretch your
wire and staple to post some distance
ahead. leaving the staples loose
enough so the wire will slip when It Is
drawn tight. Let eight or ten feet of
wire extend beyond the post and to
those fasten heavy weights to keep the
riiKi r fi jii'k
wire tight. Put a picket between the
wires and turn the blocks over ns often
ns you wish to twist the wire between
each picket; then put In another picket
and twist the other way, etc. To pre
serve posts, mix pulverized charcoal In
boiled linseed oil to the consistency of
paint and apply with a brush.
Coat of SllntiC,
We have from time to time laid tie
fore our readers the cost of putting
corn iu the silo, says Partners' Trib
une. Some men are able to grow the
corn 7tt a cost of about 50 cents per
ton of green matter. They are able to
put It iu the silo for another "si cents,
making the total cost of the silage In
the silo approximately $1 per ton.
Sometimes the cost goes ns high us
$l.fl, sometimes even higher.
Sam Schilling, who Is malinger of
Joel Phcatwolc's) beard at Northflcld,
Minn., kept nn accurate record of the
cost of putting sixteen acres of corn
III his silo last year and these figures
were given before the Minnesota Mut
ter Makers' Association this spring by
Mr. Schilling. They are aa follows:
Hi acres corn at $S $1'JM
Cost of cutting, $1 per acre 15
Two men loading five days ir (
Two men in silo ITi 00
Pour teams hauling five days. . !0 00
Engine live days and man "
Fuel for engine Id 00
One man to feed machine 10 O"
Cost of 200 tons silage $'JH." 00
Cost per ton of silage 1 -I'-'-j
The avernge yield per acre in this
Instance was 12.5 tons of green corn.
The cost of the ensilage. Including the
raising, which was estimated at ?S per
acre, was a little high. Consulting the
table, however, It will be seen that it
required four teams hauling for five
days top draw the corn to the silo per
day. This means that the silage hud
to be drawn from Home distance or
more could have been hauled, but even
nt $1.50 per ton allage Is a very cheap
Loading Corn Fodder.
IOndlng corn fodder may not be
very hard work to the small farmer,
but when one has the product of many
acres to load It becomes a formidable
operation. The work can bo much
more easily done if the following do
vice Is used: Make a loader by using
n two-inch plank ten feet long with
cleats of inch stuff nailed on one side
ut short intervals. At one cnd'nall a
cleat on the under side, which will be
three Inches wider than the board on
each side. Tie small ropes to this cleat
and with them fasten the rack to the
back part of the wagon rack, the lower
end of tho plank rack resting on the
This makes a stepladder up which it
is easy to walk anil If strongly mado a
man can readily carry up It all ho can
get his arm around. With this plan
one man can do the work of loading 11
wagon easily without spending tho
time necessary to bind tho bundles.
The illustration shows how easily the
ladder can be made. Indianapolis
Crops Without Irrigation.
The most widespread movement In
the history of the country for the de
velopment of unlrrlgntcd lands in the
West Is In progress this spring. Hun
dreds of thousands of acres are being
brought under cultivation as the result
of government and other Irrigation
projects, but aside from this a plan far
greater In Its scope has been started for
the successful use 01 rarm iauas witn
out water.
Sj fl---;-
i- W
i ,
Oood Outside Taint.
A substitute for while oil paint tuny
be made ns follows: Pour quarts of
skim milk. 1 pound of fresh slacked
lime, 12 ounces of linseed oil, 4 ounces
of white Iteigiliidy pilch, l pounds of
Spanish while, to be mixed ns follows:
The lime to be slacked In an Iron ves
sel In the open all' by pouring water
upon it a little at a time until It Is
dissolved Into 11 line dry powder. Put
the limn Into a wooden bucket or keg
mii(4 mix It In about one quarter of the
milk; the oil In which the pitch must
be previously dissolved over n alow
lire and cooled, to bo added n little
nt a time, then the rest of the milk,
nod nfterwnrds the Spanish white.
Mix thoroughly ami strain through a
common wire milk strainer and It will
be ready for use. This quantity Is snf
tlelcnt for more than fifty square
ynrds, two coats. . Ily adding a very
small quantity of lampblack first dis
solved In milk and thoroughly mixed
11 very handsome lead color can be ob
tallied. If stone color Is desired, after
mixing In the Inuipblack add a small
quantity of yellow ochre and Venetian
red separately, tlrst dissolved In milk.
While using, stir frequently to keep It
In solution.
l ull M11I1 hi . if Trrra.
If It Is thought necessary to apply
mulch around the base of trees or
Kbriibs as 11 winter nrotect loll care
must be n.sed not to do tho work too
soon, If anything In the
nature of a Is us.-.l. such as
coarse stable malum
for there Is al .
ways danger of Inciting renewed
growth In the tree, Just as It Is begin
ning to go to sleep for the whiter, and T.-ovvth. helm ex t lei. lei v lender,
wlll be killed bv the first cold went her. ' "',' 'ly '"
probably with Injury to the tree. lg"'"l"loiisly failed The al.-
A better plan Is not to apply the mulch ' I'tirltlontlon of politics probably
until the ground f.ce.cs, applying wl "v,'r r"m"1" ,1" rhle''t drenui,
more. If necessary, later on. ,l"''" 111110 '1",,,'t ,l,,,t " ,Vl '
Ily far the best plan of all Is to use tm, asking the trial of offend
earth with which to protect the roots 'r" "K'nlnst the ballot out of the con
of the tr r shrub during the firM . ,ro1 of St",,, ,',M,r", wonM '", " ,,,M
..,1,1 .In v h - l.of It nil sereriil Inches
thick for three feet around the tree,
t. nler II" It eels too i-iil,l 11 little course
manure may be put on mrr the soil.
Ily Ibis plan the tree or sbruli will
have full protection without danger of
inciting a late growth.
A (liiii.l (iriniUtnnr.
A grindstone to turn with bicycle
gear can be made after this cut, writes
W. D. Watklns, of Athens, Ohio. Take
sprocket wheels and chain off nil old
oniNi.sToNK with rrtiAt. or. An.
binder or dropper. Cenr so that stoti"
will turn two revolutions to one of
crank. Y'ou can grind unythlng on It
with great speed.
Grinding Corn for 'twill.
We believe in feeding swine o thnt
they will have something to keep them
busy as well as for the best results to
be obtained from the grain, so we feed
the corn whole and usually on tho cob
until It gets hard nnd tlluty, w hen It Is
either shelled and soaked a little to
soften it or soaked on the cob. All
other grains are ground because It has
been demonstrated that the smaller
grains go through the animals and do
them but little good. Currying out tho
plan of keeping tho swine busy, we al
ways nave something ror tncui to
chew on cornstalks, squares of soil,
npplen, potatoes ami other vegetables, 1
and we do not see that they take on 1
fat ony slower because of this plan of;
feeding. Pure water Is given them In j
clean troughs twice a duy during the
whiter and we know they thrive bet
ter for having it. Exchange.
Cottonseed us Fertilizer.
Cottonseed meal Is used quite exten
sively in some sections of the country
ns a fertilizer. A good grade meal will
.-any about (1.8 per cent nitrogen, 2.!i
per cent phosphoric nchl nnd 1.8 peri
cent potash, llased upon the valua
tions that will be used by New Eng
land experiment stations In l'.Hl." for
computing the value of commercial
fertilizers, a meal analyzing ns above
will be worth about f-! a ton as a
fertilizer. Notwithstanding Its high
value when used directly In this Wliy
lt will usually be found more econom
ical to use It ns n food for stock and
to apply tho resulting manure to tho
land. When used thus, from eighty to
hinety-Hvo per cent of the nitrogen and
phosphoric acid and practically nil tho
potash will be contained iu the ma
nure. Corn and Oil Meal for Hogs.
Hogs fed on corn and Unseed oil
meal at tho Missouri station nte more
feed, made greater Increnso In weight,
with a smaller amount both of food
nnd of digestible nuw.ment, and at
less expense than with any other grain
rutlou tested In the dry lot feeding
experiments, tho balanced ration of
corn and oil meal being the most effi
cient and profitable of the rations
tested. The quality of the pork pro
duced was unsurpassed, and the ten
dency of these feeds to make real
growth, as well as fat, wns greater
than that of any other ration tested.
One pound of oil rr.eal replaced from
8.83 to 7.1 pounds of corn, according
as It was fed with fire or twenty
pounds of corn. Hone meal fed with
whole corn effected a marked saving
lu the grain requliements per pound
of gain.
President Itoosevelt Is mapping nit
a lot of work to occupy the attention
of Congress when II next assembles,
guestlons that lire of great moment t
the business world mid the public In
general are to be placed squarely be
fore the legislators for action. The
Presidents altitude- on tint railway
into question has not been tuodllleit
since he tlrst directed attention to the
manifest evil that ha grown up un
der tint Insidious system of rebate.
Mr. Itoosevelt strikes the keynote
when lie says the highways must be
kept open to nil on equal terms. Tlu
nbuses of the private car lino and tlid
private terminal track nnd private
side switch system must be slopped,
the President says. There Is llttln
doubt that the majority of the poopU
echo his sentiments In this regard. If
the Prcflib-nt has his way, power t
revise and regulate rales will bo In
vested In the Interstate Cntumercn
( 'nmnilssluii. Another measure of
Kr,, tan.e that will be tec.,,,,,
"Mided by the President Is 11 bill b
I't'iMi-nt bribery and other fmnis of
, eornipiion 111 rone .-mm..
courts have showed Iu 11 lainental.lo
number of Instances that they are not
beyond the baneful Influence of wn"l
leaders, and attempts to punish vlo-
forward In a commendable ef
fort to free the ballot box of fraud.
Federal control of Insurance Is another
iliiesiiou tuai wtu no iii-.iiishi-ii u.
President's message. The disclosures
that are being made Iu the Investiga
tion In New York have aroused a
storm of Indignant protest from pulley
I liolilers who (leinillul III. It ineir inier-
ests shall be protected and safeguard-
id by Federal control
Tho new Anglo Japanese treaty
differs from the earlier treaty in
several lmMirtant particulars. It runs
for a period of ten years; It embodies
a recognition on the part of tireat
lirltaln of the parauouiit political,
military ind economic Interests of
Japan In Korea, and on the part of
Japan of the right of Creut llrltnln to
take such measures ns she may flint
necessary for safeguarding her Indian
possessions; It npplli-s the principle of
"the open door" for the commerce of
all hat Ions to Koren; and, most Im
portant of nil, It pledges each power
to come to the assistance of the other
In war, not merely when Its ally Is
nttneked by two xiwers. ns In IIia
earlier treaty, but when It Is Involved
In any wnr In defense of Its territorial
rights or special Interests "In the re
gions of eastern Asia and India."
The folly of inniutnlntug custom
houses to serve the Interests of poli
ticians Is clearly outlined by James
It. Heyuolds, second assistant of tiro
Fulled States treasury, who says that
of the l."7 custom ports In'onr country
111 do not pay expenses. Crlstlcld,
Md., received $1".7) In customs last
year and f2,"tH was paid out for
snlnrles. Itcnufort, N. C tisik In $ I .."."
in revenues und the salaries paid to
gather this tiny sum were nbout Jl.
frf). All told, these 111 otllces, w liersi
the receipts fall behind the expenses,
cost the government nearly $:Iimi,(nk)
every year.
Surgeon Ocnornl It. M. O'Kellly ot
tho army has submitted 11 11 exhaustive
ntiuunl report ou health conditions to
Secretary Tuft. The report says that
'"listed strength of the army, ns
H'lown l the monthly sick report.
was 58,740, nnd on the returns of the
military secretary (lo.l.'l!), and calcula
tions are made up on the latter figures.
There were 7!,rH( "admissions to thft
sick report" during the year. i.Ml
deaths from all causes and 1.;I77 dls-
j charges for (Usability. The figures.
1 "r- " ''"' .". "'J "'
' progressive Improve nt In the lienltli
t, , ill. .III.. ..I .. , .. .a
of the army.
When tho Civil War closed tha
Union army hud an enrollment of a
little in ore than a million. In June
of this year the report of the Commis
sioner of Pensions showed more than
hlx hundred and eighty thousand sur
vivors 011 the pension rolls. There
nro probably many veterans who do
not appear on tho pension rolls, so that
tho number of survivors Is remark
ably large. Certainly the sentimental
cartoon which the newspapers print
each Memorial day of the "thin bluo
lino" and decimated ranks docs not
represent the facts.
Itecnuse of the loss of submarln
boats in Europe, the Secretary of the
Navy lias ordered that no American.
Hiibmaiino bo allowed to go down un
less accompanied by n convoy equip,
ped with hoisting apparatus for us
In ciish of accident. Every mother
whose son goes n board a submarine;
vessel will bo glad that this order has
been Issued. And when the President
went down In the Plunger nt Oyster
liny In August, the nation rejoiced
that the convoy was at hand.