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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 15, 1905)
OHIO 18 DEMOCRATIC
Workliiji Majority ol Legislature
and Governor of State.
HEARST CONTESTS IN NEW YORK
"Louisville Fuslonlsts. Will Fight Elec
tion of Democratic City Officers
nd Members of Legislature.
Washington, Nov. 0, Tim election
of John M. I'nttlson, I iciiiocrul, an gov
ernor o( Ohio by approximately 40,01)0
plurality over Myron T. Merrick, liui
present Kepubl icrtii governor ; a Demo
cratic working majority in both houses
of the Ohio legislature; nu immediate
nppeitl ol William It. Hearst, the Mu
nicipal Ownership candidate fur (he
New Yolk mayoralty, to the Supreme
court to contest Met 'lei Inn's elect inn in
1 1 1 ii. t city on the basis of alleged evi
dence of wholesale illegal arts at the
polls; a plurality of .1,4 h; votes for
McClelhin, and immediate contest by
the ftisioninls in Louisville in the
courts against the election of I emo
cralic municipal officers ami members
of the legislature, were the develop
ments in today's election aftermath.
McClcllitn's pluinlity is the mini
mum on record for a successful mayor
alty candidate in New' York. Mr.
Hearst's managets claim evidence of
Illegal acts ngiiust I, (Mil) inspectors of
election and that HO, OIK) of his adher
ents were turned back from the polls
because their names already had been
voted. Distiict Attorney Jerome has
announced that he will make a search
ing investigat uui of the allegeil w hole
sale frauds and has ordered the returns
from the Kighteenth and Sixteenth
assembly districts to he carefully
guarded. These are the home divisions
of the Tammany leader, Murphy, and
In Louisville, the Fusion party man
agers claim a mm-i lect ion in I I pre
cincts hreauc of disappearance of elec
tion paraphernalia ; that Democratic
workers confiscated the ballot boxes in
I I other precincts and allowed falsifi
cation of returns and allege activity of
"thugs" ami rceatcrH.
All through Ohio the belated returns
showed Republican losses and the Re
publicans concede that IVttison's plu
rality teaches 2"i,000. The Democrats
claim that l'attison's plurality approx
imates .rr,(i00. which would elect the
entire Democratic ticket. Republicans
concede the Democrats between two
ami five majority in the senate and
from 10 to lr in the house, while the
Democrats claim Ave in the senate and
27 in the house.
The City party (reform) plurality in
Philadelphia is 4.1, .'I.t:! for sheriff, and
the Kusionist candidate (or state treas
urer ( llerry) carried the city by over
:!(i.()()0 plurality. The upheaval was
the greatest in l'ennsy I vania for many
In Rhode Island the Republican
gubernatorial candidate has a plurality
estimated at TV, 000, ami l'rovidence
elcctH a Republican mayor for the first
time in many years.
In Massachusetts Democratic threats
are made of a recount of the vote (or
lieutenant governor. The Republicans
in Massachusetts have 23,11(1 plurality
for Guild for governor, though Draper,
for lieutenant governor, got less than
2,000 plurality. The Democrats gained
three senators and one representative
in the legislature.
Kvery candidate of the Union I-abor
party in San Francisco was elected by a
In Salt Lake the anti-Mormon victory
is made complete by the election of the
entire A met if an party city ticket.
The Kentucky legislature, w hich w ill
tdect a successor to Senator Blackburn,
apparently will include :U Democrats,
five Republicans and two doubtful in
the senate, and 70 Democrats, 14 Re
publicans and seven doubtful in the
iiotisu. The Democrats elected a mayor
in Louisville by about 2 500.
Nebraska was carried by the Repub
licans. Returns from other states and
cities show notable changes.
Favors Single Statehood.
Washing'on, Nov. It. President
Roosevelt today informed a delegation
of residents of Oklahoma that he would
lecoininend, in his forthcoming mes
wage to congress, single statehood for
Oklahoma and Indian Territory. The
committee told the president they
hoped congress would pass a single
etatehood measure in accordance with
his recommendation. He dincufsed
briefly the incorporating in the state
hood measure of a stipulation for pro
hibition! of the lhjtior tratlic, urging
that it be left to the people.
Hundreds Are Under Arrest.
I'hiladelpphiu, Nov. 1. Never in
the history of Philadelphia tdections
have ho many arrests been made hh in
the contest Tues.lay w hich resulted in
the defeat of the Republican organiza
tion by the Reform City party. Scores
of prisoners were arraigned yesterday
before a magistrate, and nearly 600
who were arrested are under hail await
ing healings today. The majority are
aeused of voting ami attempting to vote
Copyright Treaty With Japan.
Tokio, Nov. 0. It is announced that
a copyright convention between Japan
and the United HtateB lias been satis
factorily concluded, and is on the eve
of being signed. The matter, has been
standing question since 1931.
McClnllan and Jerome Carry New
York Reform In Philadelphia.
Washington, Nov. H. Klcclion re
turns received by toe Associated Press
up to 2 o'clock this morning show that
the Democrats have curried the mayor
alty campaign in New York City, the
slate t Icket in Pennsylvania, the state
ticket, in Virginia and the city ticket in
loulsville, while the Republicans made
a clean sweep in Massachusetts and in
Chicago and Cook county, and have
carried their tickets in New Jersey,
Rhode Island, Nebraska and Maryland.
In New York Hearst has a plurality
in the Itorough of Brooklyn of almost
1(1,000, with 14 election districts miss
ing. The returns indicate McClellari's
re-election by several thousand plural
ity. Hearst has charged fraud in the
voting. Ilird S. Coler was elected Isir
oiigh president of Brooklyn on the Mu
nicipal Ownership ticket. The New
York election shows that municipal
ownership will be a considerable factor
in the city's politics.
In Ohio the result is still doubtful,
though the returns lip to a late hour
indicated the election of Pattisou, the
DemiN'ratic candidate for governor.
The suffrage amendment in Maryland
was defeated overwhelmingly. Massa
chusetts elected a Republican governor
by a majority approximating that of
Douglas, the present Democratic gov
ernor. Follow iug is a summary of the
New York Mayor, George It. Mc
Clcllau, Democrat, re-elected by small
plurality; William Travers Jerome,
independent, district attorney, re-elected;
Bird S. (!oler, Municipal Owner
ship, elected borough president of
Brook lyn .
Ohio Both Democratic and Repub
lican lenders claim election. Pattison,
Denes nit, carried Cincinnati, Cleve
land, city and county, and the Demo
crats made gains in Toledo and Akron.
Maryland The ' constitutional
amendment, whose purpose was to dis
franchise negro voters, was defeated.
Republicans elected the state comp
troller and city ollicials. Political com
plexion of the legislature uncertain.
Massachusetts The Republicans
elected Curt is ( iui Id, Jr., Republican,
governor by 2!i,4.'15 plurality, ami L. S.
Draper, Republican, lieutenant gov
ernor by ;i,!M2.
Chicago Republicans made a clean
sweep in Chicago and Cook county.
Robert R. McCormick, Republican,
elected president of the loard of sani
Rhode Island Clean Republican
Pennsylvania Philadelphia over
whelmingly carried by the City party
(reform ticket). Perry, Democrat,
elected state treasurer by upward of
Virginia The Democratic plurality
is alsuit 20,000, and Swanson is elected
governor. Negroes generally remained
away from the polls. The next legis
lature on joint ballot will have 2.1 Re
publicans, instead of 10, as at present.
Salt ljike City The American partj
(anti-Mormon) defeated the Mormon
Democratic and Republican candidates
New Jersey Republican gains in
legislature sullicietit to preclude any
Democratic success to United States
Senator Dryden. Reformers elect Kv
erett Colby, Independent Republican,
to state senate in Kssex county.
Nebraska Republicans elected state
San Francisco Union I-abor candi
date for mayor probably elected by
Indianapolis Republican mayor
Soft Coal Operators to Organize.
Chicago, Nov. 8. Owners of soft
coal mines have decided to hold a na
tional convention in Chicago, and it is
expected to result in the formation of a
national federation of coal mine operat
ors. The meeting will he held No
vember 22, at the call of the commis
sioners and secretaries of the Mine
Owners' association, which are scat
tered throughout the United States.
This follows an announcement by olli
cials of the Coal Mineworkers' union
that a demand for a wage increase will
he made in January.
Russia Becoming Pacified.
St. Petersburg, Nov. 8. The follow
ing ollicial communication is published
this morning: As the divers regions
of Russia are becoming pacified it is
evident that the acute crisis precipi
tated by the shock of the new system
in collision with expiring tendencies,
approaches an end. The tragic and
deplorable, events of the past week in
many parts of the empire may be re
garded as the spontaneous reaction of
the conservative elements.
Reform for War Department.
Washington Nov. 8. President
Roosevelt has approved the recommen
dations for certain reforms in the rou
tine business of the War department
which were prepared under the direc
tion of Acting Secretary Oliver. These
change have been brought about by
the action of the president in creating
the Keep commission, ilia letter criti
cised the methods of work in connection
with papers of both Army and Navy
departments and General Oliver took
the matter up at once.
Cossacks Killed In Ambush.
Kutais, Caucasus, Nov. 8. Cossacks
who were escorting M. Lazarenko, a
county ollicial, and M. Pekarski, a
justice of the peace, were ambushed in
the Ozorgoti district by revolutionaries,
who were fighting the troops sent to
the district to restore order. Two en
tire companies, consisting of 107 and
120 men respectively, were wiped out.
LET CONGRESS ACT
President Wants It to Investigate
CONSULTS WITH MR. MORTON
Will Propose a Federal Inquiry To Go
Beyond the Work of the Leg
New York, Nov. 7. That there will
he a Federal investigation of life insur
ance methods and thnt President Koose
v.dt is taking an active interest in the
matter and will, in all likelihood, at
an early date ask tor the apjMiintrncnt
of a congressional committee to take up
the work, was learned today from an
authority the value of which can not he
The impiiry will be conducted inde
pendently of the states legislative com
mittee, and in spite of any results
which may follow the committee's re
port. It is declared that the revela
tions and Hie many startling disclosures
brought out by the state committee
have been the incentive which has led
the president and his advisers to take
Up the question.
The president during the last two or
three weeks has frequently been in con
ference with men prominent in the ins
uranc world. It is known that Paul
Morton, head of the Kipiitable Life As
surance society, was in Washington
yesterday It was whispered in Wall
street today that Mr. Morton's visit to
Washington was in the line of giving
the president some inside information
eoncerning the proposed investigation,
and that he might even have Id-en sum
moned there. Mr. Morton would not
say w het her this was a fact, neither
would he consent to be interviewed..
DREDGE COAST HARBORS.
General MacKenzie Recommends the
Building of a Boat.
Washington, Nov. 7. In his annual
report Gi-ncral MacKenzie, chief of en
gineers, made one exception to the rule
prohibiting recommendations for new
work. He recommended an appropria
tion of foO.OOO to build a dredge for
use on the bars at the entrance to Tilla
mook, Yaipiina and Coos bays, and at
the entrance to the Siuslaw and Co
quille rivers. General MacKenzie had
this to say atxiut the dredge, for which
the last congress refused to make an
"Navigation in these harbors is often
greatly delayed by the forming of
shoals, the material deposited in most
instances being of such nature that it
cannot be handled w ith a dipper dredge.
It is estimated that a combination suc
tion and dipper dredge could be ad
vantageously used, and so constructed
that it could lie taken from harbor to
harbor as necessities demand.
"The cost of such a plant with two
dump scows would be approximately
tr0,000, and it is thought that the
necessity for its use will fully justify
RIOTS AT ODESSA.
Czar's Ukase Made Excuse for Ex
termination of Jews.
Odessa, Nov. 7. The anti Semitic
riots are in full swing in this city and
surrounding districts. The agitators of
the movement have distribuetd a cir
cular assuring the villagers that the
authorities have received the czar's
ukase and state that it commands the
extermination of all Jews. As a result
of this action, the wholesale pillage
continues. The local authorities refuse
to interfere, either standing idly by,
refusing to check riots, or participating
in the same.
News continues to reach the city of
terrible massacrep, which have occurred
at various points along the railway, es
pecially here and at Kieff. The casual
ties in those murderous disturbances
Confer on Packers' Case.
Chicago. Nov. 7. Attorney General
Moody has sent for United States Dis
trict Attorney C. B. Morrison and
Assistant Attorney General Oliver E.
Pagin to go to Washington in regard to
the beef trust prosecution. The jdea
of the packers declaring that Commis
sioner Garfield, of the bureau of Cor
porations, had promised the packets
immunity from prosecution has taken
such an aspect that the attorney gene
ral ia said to wish a joint interview
with the commissioner and Messrs.
Morrison and Pagin.
Whole Caucasus in Revolt.
London, Nov. 7. The St. Petersburg
correspondent of the Daily Mail says:
"War, hopeless war, prevails in the
Caucasus. The Trans-Caucasian tail
road, the sole line, is effectively
crippled and reinforcements have been
compelled to march. Seventeen bridges
have been wrecked, ami the rails have
been torn up in 40 places. Telegraph
lines have been destroyed, and Georgia
and the Daghestan are isolated. Kvery
male is in arms."
Poles Also Want Autonomy.
Rt. Petersburg, Nov. 7. On the
hwels of the announcement of the suc
cessful Finnish national movement
comes news of a strong revival of the
struggle for autonomy in Poland. Dis
patches from KaliBi-h, in Poland, and
Thorn, in Wist Prussia, say that flags
with the Polish coat of arms have been
hoisted in beveral churches end city
OPPOSE8 RIVER WORK.
Secretary of War Will Not Make Ex
ception in Favor of Columbia.
Washington, Nov. 7. In his an
nual report made public today, General
MacKenzie, chief of engineers, asks that
the following appropriations be made
in the next sundry civil bill :
Mouth of Columbia river, $300,000;
Celilo canal, $250,000; Willamette and
Columbia below Portland, $.125,000;
Columbia between Vancouver and the
mouth of the Willamette, $30,000; Ta
coma harbor, $200,000. Kach and all
of these appropriations were authorized
in the river and harbor bill passed at
the last session ; these respective sums
have been expended or are covered by
contracts now in force, so that not one
dollar asked for by General MacKenzie
will go to pay for new work. In other
words, General MacKenzie is asking
only for enough money to pay for work
now under way or already completed.
He asks for no new appropriations for
he has lecn instructed by the secretary
of war to cut down his estimates and
confine himself solely to work hereto
Personally, General MacKenzie be
lieves congress should make large ap
propriations for the mouth of the Co
lumbia river, and he thinks it wrong
to allow work on that project to stop at
its present incompleted stage, and yet
under instructions from his superior he
cannot ollicial ly recommend such aj
propriation. MILLIONS FOR DEFENSE.
Chief of Engineers Makes Estimates
in His Report.
Washington, Nov. 7. Sixteen mil
lion dollars will be necessary to com
plete the engineering works of the fort
ifications of the sea coast of the United
States tinder the present plans of the
Kndicott board, according to the report
of Brigadier General MacKenzie, chief
of engineers. There already has been
appropriated for this purpose $328,
!(3,434. Permanent projects at 31
different points havo been adopted and
most of them are well under way.
Among these points are San Diego,
Cal., San Francisco, Columbia river
and Puget sound.
The defense of the Great lakes and
the St. Lawrence River is under con
sideration: The estimate for the com
pletion of the fortifications do not con
template anything more than the pro
jects outlined by the Endicott board.
Modern appliances and additional pro
jects which may be adopted by the
Taft board, appointed last summer,
and the fortifications of the insular pos
sessions may increase the estimate
when additional work is approved by
congress. It is estimated that $4,263,364
will he required to put into execution
by the engineering department the
schemes of the artillery and signal
corps for fire control of the seacoaet de
fenses. CONTEST ON SMOOT'S SEAT.
Disposition Will Be Made Before the
Washington, Nov. 7. Senator Bur
rows, of Michigan, chairman of the
committee on privileges and elections,
who has arrived in Washington for the
coming session of congress, said tonight
that ho expected to have the case of
Senator Reed Smoot, of Utah, dis
posed of before the term ends.
Senator Smoot's seat is being contest
ed on the ground that he is a member
of the Mormon hierarchy. A great
mass of testimony was taken at the last
session of congress, and it was gener
ally understood that each side had
completed its case.
Senator Burrows said that if it is de
cided to present further testimony the
committee is willing to hear it. He
stated that the committee will consider
the case immediately after the reor
ganization of the senate committees in
cident to the meeting of a new con
gress, and the tilling of a vacancy
caused by the retirement of Senator
McComas, of Maryland.
Bombs Thrown at Troops.
Tiflis, Nov. 7. Demonstrations to
day were participated in by 20,000 per
sons. While a procession was passing
along Uolowineki Prospect, firing be
gan. Bombs were thrown at the troops,
who answered with rifle shots. The
dead numbered ten and there were
many wounded. In another place a
crowd of school pupils with revolu
tionary flags collided with a loyal dem
onstration. The troops tired in the air
with a view of dispersing the crowds
and a general encounter ensued, in
which (our were killed and 17 wounded.
Socialists Hoist Red Flag.
Vienna, Nov. 7. The Socialist suf
frage demonstration on the Rings! rasse
today was attended by 50,000 persons.
A strong force of gendarmes was sta
tioned along the streets, but did not in
terfere with the demonstrates, and the
Socialists were even permitted to hoist
red flags over the reichsrath building.
There were no disorders whatever, and
similar demonstrations are reported
from Lumburg, Grata, Klengenfurdt,
Bruenn and elsewhere.
Oft' for the Philippines.
' Monterey, Cal., Nov. 7. The Fif
teenth infantry and companies I and L
of the Fourth cavalry left today for San
Francisco, where they will embark to
morrow on the transport Sherman for
two years' service in the Philippines.
North FbLE fiSyT5
clared the scheme Is well founded. Certainly, he ad
mitted the correctness of the Judgment of the Trench explorer In
deciding to make a trial trip, as It were, In the Yukon district
the coming winter, where the Hinge is set very like the setting In the neigh
borhood of the I'ole, arid the experimenters will be within reach of civili
zation. The real start, as reported. Is to be made In June, next year, bo that
Commander I'eary need not fear keen competition as he nears his goal, for
he will have had almost a year's start. An International society for polar
research ami experiment was recently formed at Iiawson. It Is the object
of this organization, said to number 200 members, to assist In the develop
ment of the theory of Ir. Varlcle. It Is the contention of the new North
I'ole seekers that the expeditions of all former polar explorers or Pole seek
ers have been conducted on anything but lines that would be approved by
the northern travelers of experience. Yukoners found many weak points
In the methods of travel, equipment and composition of nearly every polar
expedition of the past.
THE NEW ZEALAND WAY.
Life Insurance us It Is Conducted In
the Antipodean Island.
In faraway New Zealand the gov
ernment conducts a life Insurance de
partment which not only offers its
policies at a low premium, but has the
security of the State behind It as its
guarantee to Investors. By open com
petition with Individual concerns It
prevents any ordinary combination
from keeping up excessive rates, and
there are uo high salaried officials to
absorb the annual receipts.
It Is an Ideal theory. In America an
Insurance of $5,OW, which may cost a
person who has arrived at middle age
$200 annually, In New Zealand may be
obtained for one-third that expense.
In America legislative Inquiry has al
ready thrown so much light upon the
complex and devious management of
the Insurance business that a distrust
of the whole system has become gen
eral. In New Zealand the entire re
sponsibility Is borne by the colonial
government. There can never be any
failure until the country becomes
bankrupt The first Illustration Is that
of the government life Insurance build
ing at Wellington, while the second
6hows the postofflce in the same city.
Governmental life insurance is by no
means the only New Zealand Institu
tion from which America might take
pattern profitably. One of the fairest
and most logical remedial measures
ever tried in the colony and one which
has proved Its usefulness from the
very moment of its adoption is the
workman's "compensation for acci
dent" act. The principle upon which
the measure was instituted was based
on the assumption that It Is neither by
the wish nor by the conduct of either
employer or employe that accidents
happeu, but that In spite of that fact a
steady percentage of accidents occurs.
They are thus Incidental to production,
and the business which yields the prof
It should bear this part of the expense
of producing. Therefore a sum must
GOVLUNMIiXT l.NsrilA.NCE B11L1U JiG.
be paid to every Injured worker and.
If the accident proves fatal, to his
family. The only exception to this
rule is when It can be established to
the satisfaction of the court of arbi
tration, which adjudicates these cases,
that the employe was injured willfully.
By the act there is a maximum of $2,
(KiO payable, but the form of the com
pensation is usually that of half pay
for a definite time and the payment of
u lump sum If the Injury Is permanent.
Of course a corresponding effort had
to bo made to minimize the loss to the
employer. To meet the necessity the
government life Insurance department
was empowered to include accident In
surance, thus compelling any combina
tion of existing insurance companies
of a similar kind to keep the tariffs
down to reasonublo premium value.
The advantage to artisans and laborers
from a governmental benefit of this
nature can hardly be computed. It
practically relieves them from the bur
den of accident Insurance and compels
a provision for their possible disability
which they are almost certain to neg
Imbued with the Idea thnt the conquest of the
North Pole can only ho accomplished by explorers
who have become acclimated to the rigors of the
Arctic winter ami who have had long practice with
the management of dog nieces, a party of harrly
ones In Iawson City, the metropolis of the Yukon
district, have given an appreciative ear to the project
of Ir. Antony Vaiicle, a Frenchman at present a
resident of Iiawson, who Is said to he an Inventor
and an ardent student of polar research.
Ills plans as described to a meeting of citizens of
Dawson recently, do not lack novelty, and It Is re
ported that General Oreely, who has been in the
Arctics himself on a memorable expedition, has de
lect If left to their own Initiative. It
has worked admirably In New Zea
land, and there Is no reason why It
should be less effective elsewhere.
Still another measure of relief until
recently pronounced Utopian has been
tried by the New Zealand life Insur
ance department and found practicable
the old age pension act. Older coun
tries, from which millions flow like
water for trade wars or to exploit
some sentiment of nationality, have
declined to provide nourishment for
those who are no longer profitable for
money producing purposes, but New
Zealand decided to try the experiment,
and It has entailed no hardship on any
class, but has given relief to many.
The scheme of compulsory old age In
surance has been tried in Germany
with far less success. Specious as that
theory appears, it has been found in
practice to be only another system of
making the poor keep the poor.
Although one may not be able to
accept the theories by which the re
forms In New Zealand have been
brought about he must grant that the
people of this faraway country have
shown such remarkable progress In
self government that all intelligent
Americans cannot fall to learn much
from the up to date methods which
Antitoxin Against Fatigue.
Should the development of the study
of toxins and antitoxins render possi
ble the production of an antibody
capable of neutralizing the results of
muscular fatigue, the consequences
could hardly be predicted, says the
Medical Kecord. Yet a German In
vestigator seriously claims to have
taken more than one step in this di
rection already and publishes results
that are at least surprising.
Welchardt (Munchener Medlzlnlsche
Woehenschrlft, Nov. 21, 11HM) says he
has obtained a stable antitoxin, which,
when taken by the mouth lu moderate
doses, permits the output of an In
creased amount of muscular energy
without fatigue, and when taken con
tinuously causes a sense of geuertl blen
etre and augments the capacity for
work. He commends his preparation
to clinicians as a promising analeptic
for convalescents, neurasthenics, etc.
This fatigue antitoxin is obtained from
horses by Injecting them with fatigue
toxin produced In the muscles of ani
mals that have been subjected to ex.
trome muscular exhaustion.
A Kale IVaxer.
"I see that n member of the New
port colony makes this naive excuse
when threatened with an interview!
"My lawyer will not allow me to talk;
for publication any more.' "
"Well, I'll bet It wasn't a woman
that said that." Cleveland Plain Deal
er. The Current and the Corn.
"They are sending electricity
through burled wires In order to
stimulate the growth of vegetables."
"I wonder If the current la strong
enough to shock the coruT" Cleveland
How worthless we all are; yet hove
well we get along!