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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1905)
ONLY NEEDS WATER
Soil o! Ilolsc and Fayette Valleys
In Idaho Is Very Rich.
PART NOW UNDER CULTIVATION
Proposed Government Irrigation Pro
ject Will Increase the Arabia
Boise, Mali.., Sept. 2H. Oi tober IH
h hoard of consult lug engineer of the
Itechimat ion service will Inert here to
determine whether construction shall
bo ordered upon what is known as the
Boise Payette irojii't. 1 1 is confident ly
expected construct Ion will bo recom
mended, hh nil the preliminaries have
llCOH Completed (111)1 it ktlOWU tint
service in Hiixioim to go un with I In
work. This ii om of 1 1 m most i ii i i rt hti t hh
well hh one of tlm iiiohI complicated re
clamation projects under cotiMidciat ion.
It is of great iinpol 'lance Keen life of the
largo Hinoiint of IhikI it in proponed to
reclaim, because of (lie fact tliHttlie
supply of wuler for hinds wliicli luive
not n Kiilllcieiit nmount h h i I n 1 1 for
their use in to l' re-enforced, because
of tlm value of tlie IhihIh when supplied
willi wider, ninl because of the marked
effert it will have upon tint future of
this section of tho state. It in compli-
ruled, not Ho much hcciiUHO of engineer
ing prol.leiiiH, t ti tnjjrli theHe are inter
eating, hut because of the private inter
entH Hint ale woven through the project
in nearly nil its parts.
In the I'mi ie nml Payette valleys
then- in now irrigated nhout ()(,(';
ItereH of IhikI; Utliler tho propoMeil gov
eminent system there will he nearly
till). (100 r.cres producing crnpH. These
alloys nre now regarded hh among the
ino-t valuahle ami attractive of tiie
Went. TheV stlppo-t a largo populil
t ion and y iehl eiioruioiiH crops of all
farm product, together with huge
uilatlt itieH of fruit. Mm apples grown
hero nre regarded hh being the eipial of
IhiiHe of any other Hection, while the
pr u lien stand abroiist of those of Cali
fornia and ( trefoil.
All fruilH lloiiriHli that can he grown
In a temperate climate, ami Miih Hec
tion in looked upon hh one of the most
r n i i h i r i orchard regions of the Went.
Ciider these coiidit ion the IhihIh, w hen
driven witter, command high price ami
yield largo retnriiH in money. It iH,
therefore, of great imporlance that the
liuwntered lands shall he reclaimed,
mid for thin reanon the project Iiiih been
regarded hy the reclamation officials hh
one of the inont nttriictive that Iiiih heen
called to their attention.
FIRE AT SPOKANE.
Half a Block of Brick Buildings in
Wholesale District Burned.
Spokane, WhhIi., Sept. 2K. A disss
troiiH lire hroke out in tho heurt of ihe
wholesale and shipping Section of the
city at 2:;i.r o'clock thin morn ifitf, w hich
completely gutted three hrick build
ing. The total fin) !hh w ill approxi
mate f 2i0,000.
The cauHe of the fire in unknown. It
hroke out in the Cudahy building,
w hich wiih lilled willi map Hint laid,
iiml tipread with great rapidity to the
Week buildings on the cunt. I. liter
the Boothc-Mcl'lintock building, on
the went corner of t he hlock, caught
fire. The four-story hrick building on
the ennt corner, occupied hy the Spo
kane l'rug coinjiHiiy, was saved hy a
All of the building owners who suf
fcied losses in the lire, which destroyed
half a hlock of buildings ami their con
tentH, have announced their intention
of rebuilding at once, and will erect
larger and more coinpleto structures.
IlundredH of people had personal prop
erty Htored in the Pacific Transfer com
pany'H building at owners' rink, and
their total losses are estimated various
ly from $5,000 to $20,000.
Work for Heney.
Washington, Sept. 28. Secretary
Hitchcock, in an interview, paid:
"After the land-fraud eases in Oregon
liave been wound uj, United States At
torney Heney, who has heen conduct inn;
them, will come to Washington and
will look after the California cases in
'which Hyde, JHinond and others have
been indicted. Lattr on there will
probably be other indictments in other
Btates. The loss to the government
through them) frauds has aggregated
in i 1 1 ion h of acres of land and millions
more of dollars."
Stevens Showing Results.
Panama, Sept. 2tf. The work of
John I1'. Stevens, chief engineer of the
Panama canal is beginning to
Hhow reHiilts. The correspondent of the
AHHociated Press today visited La Boca,
where the work lias been pushed for
ward since the arrival of Mr. Stevens
on the increiiHe of tho dockage facili
ties. Mr. Stevens informed tho cor
respondent that tho new 1,000-foot
dock at La Boca would be finished Sep
Mail Service on the Yukon.
Washington, Sept. 28. Arrange
ments similar to those in operation
last year have again been made be
tween the Postollice department of the
United States and Canada for ttie dis
tribution of mails in the Yukon dis
trict. The contract provides for a tri
weekly distribution duting the closed
DRIFTING INTO REBELLION.
Hatred of Hungarian People for Fran
cis Joseph Grows.
London, Sept. 27. The correspond
cut of the Morning Tout at Hilda 1'ent
The hituation here grown worne daily.
The Iliidicnl element threatens to
HWHinp the moderate party and to bur
ly t he count ry into Irreparable action.
I'uhllc references to the dyiianly nre
made in a tone which It is impoHfihle
to reproduce. The principal newspa
pers urge the formation of one great
pnrty under Frauds KomhuI'i, This is
HUpHiited by KoHHiith, Count Apponyi
and Huron ItanfTy.
The Pally Telcgrnph's Hilda Test
correHpondent snys that great excite
ment pievailn, accompanied by a de
termination to keep up the struggle to
the bitter end. The correHpondent con
tinues: The Independent party in believed to
have secured new adherents, while the
old Liberal party Iihh broken up. The
piirt inaiiH of KoHHiith have also obtained
the upper hand in ipiarters which for
merly were dominated by tho Sindal
IhIh. The coalition leadeis have insued a
proclamation stating thnt they are de
termined to eschew all revolutionary
methods. KoHHiith is quoted as Haying
he believed that the king-emperor
would yet rhiuige his mind and grant
coiii'eHHioiiS to llungHry.
Itotb in Hilda 1'ent and Vienna i'. is
realised that much depends oil the out
come of the great meeting of all the
coalition parties to be held at Hilda
l'est October 20, at which, it is under
stood, a plan for legislation will be
The wildest rumors nre a 11 oat in
Hilda l'est. One paper publishes a
statement that the king-emperor in
tends .to resign the crown of Hungary
in favor of I'rince Francis Ferdinand,
and other similar iiuautheiiticated
statements are made.
According to the concensus of the re
ports, the king-emperor has determined
to appoint n cabinet w ith Count Joliann
Zichy at its bend.
RUINS FILL MANILA.
Terrible Typhoon Sweeps Capital of
Manila, Sep.. 27. Ten thousand of
Manila's inhabitants nre homelesH,
more than 200 injured and six known
dead from the terrible effects of a ty
phoon which swept over the Philippine
capital late yesterday afternoon.
When the great storm struck the city
the streets were plunged into darkness.
Thousands of electric wires were blown
down and short circuited. The known
dead were killed by these live wires.
Hundreds of stone dwellings were
blown down, nml two chinches and a
hotel unroofed. The greatest damage
occurred in the native quarters.
frame is suspended and the streets
are deserted. The police stations are
making an effort to feed ami shelter
It is believed that shipping in the
bay had warning of the approaching
storm and got out of its course, but
there are grave fears for the bafety of
'i he typhoon came to an end at 7:.'K)
P.M. (iangsof men are clearing the
streets and the impression prevails that
many dead w ill be found in the ruins
of the dwellings.
REVOLVER AND MACHETE.
Means Gomez Advocates to Followers
to Win Cuban Presidency.
Havana, Sept. 27. Judging from the
present outlook, Cuba is facing a seri
ous political disturbance, compared to
which the recent troubles will be insig
nificant. Migurl Gomez, the Liberal party's
presidential candidate, admitting the
defeat of his party by the outcome of
Saturday's election, advises aU Liberals
to abandon the political battle, saying
the United States is backing President
Palma and the Moderates, and that the
tight is useless. The only hope for the
Liberals, he says, lies through the use
of the revolver and machete.
The private secretary of Gome has
been arrested on a charge of conspiracy
to overthrow the government.
Calls Peace Conference.
St. Petersburg, Sept. 27. It is an
nounced that the Russian representa
tives abroad were instructed on Sep
tember 21 to communicate to the gov
ernments to which they were accred
ited an invitation to a second peace
conference at Tho Hague. Thev were
further directed, in the event of accept
ance, to announce that the Russian
government's proposal would be strict
ly practical, and that the conference
would especially and exclusively deal
with the serious questions arisinir out
of the late war.
Shaw Says He Will Quit.
Washington. Sent. 27. In reiterat-
ing his declaration of last March that
he would leave the cabinet about Feb
ruary, Secretary Shaw tonight said :
"I shall leave the cabinet on or about
February 1, aa has been well known.
in fact, ever since I entered it. I an
nounced that I should remain in the
cabinet for a comparatively short time.
I bad hoped to get out last March, but
consented to remain longer because
certain interests kept me there."
Starving Cattle in Montana.
Great Falls. Mont.. Sent. 27 U'nr.l
comes from the Mariads river district,
in leton county, that there are fully
800 bead of cattle in that section. They
have been out on the ramre since .Tun
and have eaten everything from grass
to all kinds of brush and trqes.
OBJECTS TO TREATY
China Wants Prompt Evacuation
RAILROAD GUARDS ARE MENACE
Says Province Should Be Cleared of
Troops in Nine Months and
No Guards Remain.
Washington, Sept. 2'l. The Post
tl is morning says:
"The Chinese government, a week or
more ago, made a foimal protest to the
Russian and .Japanese governments con
cerning two of the conditions set forth
in the treaty of peace signed at Ports
mouth. China objects to two things
lirst, tho length of time allowed for
the evacuation of Manchuria, and, sec
ond, the provisions made for an armed
guard for the tailrond lines owned by
Kusisa and Japan in Manchuria.
"China believes that nine months is
entirely sufficient time within which
Japan and Russia shall evacuate Man
churia, instead of 12 months, as pro
vided for in the peace treaty.
"The provision made for guarding
the railroad, the Chinese contend, con
templates an armed force of probably
10,000 men in Chinese territory. The
Chinese government regards the main
tenance of guards in Manchuria as a
menace and it does not propose to agree
to such a plan."
MEXICAN TRADE GROWING.
Largest Increase Last Year Was In
Mexico City, Sept. 2'i. Statistics of
Mexico's foreign trade for the fiscal
year ended June HO, show a healthy
commercial condition. The imports
were valued at H.r,Hol ,0Hl gold, of
w hich f IH,30.',1;7 came from the
I'nited States, an increase of nearly
ft, (100, 00(1 over the preceding fiscal
year. Great 1'ritain sent goods to the
vnlue of $10,4Sl,:)4't, nn increase of
about 1400,000. Germany contributed
$!i,H10,Ji.'i,s, which is a slight increase.
France sent H,4H2,(H5 which is a gain
of 1 1,000,000.
The gold exported amounted to $13,
ti!iti,14ti, a gain of nearly $3,000,000
over the preceding fiscal year. The
total amount of silver exported (silver
vnlue) whh f io,523,i45, which is a de
crease of f 13..S8,044. The total silver
value of all exports was 20H,.r)20,4')l ,
or about f 1 04,800,000 gold value. This
shows a very satisfactory condition, al
though a slight decrease from the pre
Trade with the United States is grow
ing steadily and will increase from year
to year in the judgment of mercantile
and hanking houses. The country was
never more prosperous and the outlook
for the coming year is a bright one.
SLAVS ARE AROUSED.
Austrian Invasion of Albania a Chal
lenge to Russia.
St. Petersburg, Spet. 2t. Not only
Russia but all the Slavs of Kurpoe are
aroused as the result of Austro-Hungarian
troops crossing the frontier into
Turkey atid occupying Kovibazar.
Four Russian army corps have been
ordered south and subsidized steamship
lines plying on the Danube are prepar
ing transports. Prince Golytzin, privy
councillor, said today:
"Russia considers tho Austrian inva
sion of Albania and occupation of Novi
ha.ar a challenge that is answerable
with force, because it is a flagrant
breach of the treaty of Uerlin. It
threatens the independence of Servia
and Montenegro, which Russia has
"The invasion, however, is a master
move, killing two birds w ith one stone.
It is calculated to relieve the Hungari
an crisis, flattering Magyar vanity by
annexing Turkish territory, while at
the same time the Slav population of
the annexed region would put the Mag
yars in a minority in Hungary. Hut
intrigues by the Hapsburgs always end
to their own detriment."
Packers Fix the Rates.
Cibcago, Sept. 2(5. "The packers
fix the rates," declared A. It. Stickney,
president of the Chicago, Great West
ern railroad, testifying for the defense
before the Interstate Commerce com
mission today regarding frieght rates
from the Missouri river to Chicago.
In answer to a question as to bow the
charges were made, President Stickney
replied: "In fixing the rate on dressed
meat, we don't have very much to say.
The packer generally makes the rate.
He conies to you and always makes you
feel that be is your friend."
All Protest Against Peace.
Tokio, Sept. 20. The emperor is
giving personal attention to the memo
rials presented to the throne against
the terms of peace arranged w ith Rus
sia. These memorials now number
nearly 100. The persona who are try
ing to interview privy councillors advo
cate the refusal to ratify the treaty of
peace, and the public is almost unani
mous in demanding the resignation of
the cabinet. Even the moderates do
not conceal their grief.
Growing Worse at Hamburg.
Jackson, Miss., Sept. 20. The yel
low fever infection at Hamburg is
spreading rapidly, nine new cases, four
suspicious cases and one death being
reported today. Roxie reports one
new case and one death.
AT WORK ON MESSAGE.
President Devoting Much Time to the
Gathering of Material.
Oyster Hay, Kept. 2'i. The president
is devoting considerable time each day
now to work on his annual message to
congrses. For some time bo has been
ansembling data for tho message, but
since the adjournment of the peace
conference he has been writing the data
into definite form. The message will
not be completed until some time early
in November, because each member of
the cabinet will hHve to supply mater
ial for discussion of the work of bis
department. This information will be
contained in the annual reports of the
cabinet oflicers, which have not been
Three topics highly important at
this time to the American people will
be discussed by the president in his
message. They are the Federal regula
tion and supervision of life insurance,
the relations between this country and
Venezuela and America's interest in
the fiscal affairs of the government of
Santo Iiomingo. Other important sub
jects naturally will be considered,
among them the scandals disclosed in
the Departments of Agriculture and
the Interior; the work of the depart
ment of Justice in the beef trust cases,
the regulation of railroad freight rates,
the progress made in the construction of
the Panama canal and the conclusion of
peace between Russia and Japan.
Much of the material for the dis
cussion of these subjects the president
Iihh in hand, and the last few days of
his stay at Sagamore Hill are being
devoted to the preparation of that part
of his message which will deal with
them. Few visitors have been received
since the adjournment of the peace
conference, the president desiring to be
ns free as possible from inteiruption
while working on his message. His
laKt week here is practically devoid of
engagements. The consideration of all
matters except those of immediate im
portance is being postponed until the
president shall reach Washington.
NAVAL BASE AT SINGAPORE.
Great Britain Will Purchase Extensive
Docks and Sites.
London, Sept. 2(5. The fact that the
Rritish government purposes to estab
lish a vast naval base at Singapore,
which was announced by the Sunday
Observer with the suggestion that this
was the first tangible result of the new
Anglo-Japanese alliance and the con
clusion of the Ruseo-Japanese ar,
affords the newspapers an opportunity
to discuss the situation of using Singa
pore as a base, which was announced
some time ago when Admiral Fisher
outlined the reorganization plan.
The newspapers now jKjint out the
tremendous strategic vaiue of Singapore
as guarding the gateway of the Pacific
and w hen open to Japan's war vessels
as giving Great Hritain and Japan the
upp t hand over the other European
countries w here the Far hast is con
cerned. Some of this morning's papers
are inclined to dwell upon this phase of
the acquirement of the Singapore
docks, as though just at the time it
were a demonstration of power by Great
Britain. But the government's inten
tion to purchase the docks at Singapore
has been an open secret for many
months, and according to good authori
ty, the British government is simply
facing the result of the new strategic
situation in the Fai East.
EXPERT ON THE GROUND.
Northern Pacific Sends Man to Select
Sites for Portland Bridge.
North Yakima, Wash., Sept. 2(5.
While the fact that the Northern Pa
citic is to construct a line down ihe
north bank of tho Columbia river from
Kennewick to Portland has already
been publicly announced, Mr. Levey
supplies some of the missing details
which have been most eagerly awaited
Mr. Levey left St. Paul Thursday
night. Accompanying him was Ralph
Majeski, a bridge engineer and expert,
who continued to Portland last night.
Mr. Majeski cornea from Chicago, and
has the reputation of being one of the
best bridge experts in the country. It
will be his province to look over the
route by which the new line will enter
Portland, by way of Vancouver, Wash.,
and decide upon the best sites for
bridging the Columbia at the latter
city and the Willamette at Portland.
Calabria Is Wind Swept.
Rome, Sept. 2(5. Another tornado
today caused enormous damage in Ca
labria. A gradual clearance of the
buildings ruined by the recent earth
quake shows that the number of per
sons who perished was greater than
given in the first estimate. Large
numbers of bodies are being discovered
daily. The work of constructing wood
en cabins under government supervision
is progressing rapidly. Two hundred
have already been completed and 4,000
more will be necessary to shetler the
Islands Are Seized.
St. Petersburg, Sept. 2(5. News has
been received here that the American
steamer Montara, having on board Bar
on Bruggen, manager of the Kamchatna
Trading society, was seized by the Jap
anese near Nikolskoe, Retiring sea, and
that the Japanese occupied the Kom
mander islands and hoisted the Japan
ese flag. Neither the date of the seiz
ure of the vessel nor the occupation of
the island ia given in the information
San Gabriel Swept by Flames.
Carmont, Cal., Sept. 26. A biuah
fire that burned two days has devastat
ed San Gabriel valley, destroying all
the vegetation and doing (100,000 dam
age. The main industry Df the valley,
bee raising, has been ruined.
y&l .fiEVOLUTDNARr WlDOW
, .J M A,
Near the head of Black Rtver Val
ley, In Windsor County, Vermont, tea
miles from the nearest railway station
at Ludlow, lies the hamlet of Plym
outh Union. What the population Uvea
on Is a 'jiiestlon difficult to answer
Fortunately, It costs very little to live
there. A majority of the population
are In one way or another supported
by Civil War pensions. A tidal win
of patriotism must have swept through
this section of Vermont In the early
The most Interesting Inhabitant of
Plymouth Union Is 'Aunt Father"
Damon, the Inst on the roll of Federal
pensioners as widow of a soldier of
the Revolution. "Aunt Ktttber" was
born In I'lymonth township, not far
from her present home, on the first day
of August, 1814. She was one of a
family of eight or nine, born to a her
itage of poverty. Her father Is remem
bered as a "stirring" man, who began
life with nothing, married premature
ly, and worked hard to provide for his
family. In cutting timber to build
them a house he was killed by the fall
of a tree. His widow was left with
out resources and found It impossible
to hold her family together. One by
one they were "bound out" to service,
and were never reunited. At a tender
affe Esther was thus put to work and
remembers this period chiefly as one
of neglect and Ill-treatment.
By one kind of work or another,
mostly domestic service, she made
shift to live, and finally drifted to
Tyson, which then had a charcoal
blast furnace and was something of a
center of activity. She Is said to have
taught a district school for one or two
terms. Her own education had been
very limited, and teaching could not
have offered her a successful career.
By thus doing whatever came In hr
way, she managed to support herself
until she was 21 years old, when she
Her choice of a husband was not
well considered. Noah Damon, whom
she wedded after a brief courtship,
was a widower 75 or 70 years old,
with adult children and a record of
good service as a soldier of the Revolu
tion In sundry Masachusetta com
mands. He Is traditionally remember
ed as an easy-going, honest. Improvi
dent man, and not Inclined to be In
dustrious. It Is said that Esther Sum
ner was misled as to his ability and
willingness to support her, and thought
be had some property, whereas he had
none. Perhaps he was an optimist by
temperament. Their marriage was cel
ebrated on the 0th of September, 1835.
The young wife soon discovered
that, for her, the marriage relation
meant not only supporting herself by
2 r-- X
HOW THE WAR CHANGED THE MAP.
i ' .
.V. . ' -
Russian territory shown in black. Japanese territory or sphere of Influence
in white or shaded.
EVOLUTION OF THE MOTOR CAR.
A Frenchman uumed Cugnot, an En
glishman named Trevlthlck, and an
American named Oliver EvaiiB had all
been experimenting with steum car
riages in the. eighteenth century; and
In 1829 Sir James Andersdn. a British
nobleman, had one built which was a
conspicuous success. It carried fifteen
passengers, and attained a speed of fif
teen miles an hour. The steam car
rluge was such a vast Improvement
uion the dandy horse and the veloci
pede that capitalists began to build
them by the score. They were Inva
riably shaped like stage coaches, each
with a clumsy, puffing smoking engine
fastenod on behind. Nothing so fast
ss the steam carriage bad ever been
Invented, und every idle gentleman of
STEAM CARRIAGE OF 1S20.
continued hard work for small wage,
but supporting her husband as well.
He was quite willing to entertain her
with stories of the war, but these did
not seem to compensate for the added
burden she bad unfittingly assumed
She insisted that Damon's children
should make some provision for him.
This led to misunderstandings and
family quarrels, and they finally took
the old man to a farm In New Hamp
shire, to which the young wife refused
No separation other than that de
scribed, was sought or desired. Damon
never ceased to crave his wife's com
panionship; she, in turn, while unwill
ing to be a dependent upon the Damon
family, spared enough of her meager
earnings to keen him clothed, and Jn
other ways to provide for his comfort.
In some wsy Damon got money to
maSe a trip to Boston to visit some
friends, and from this outing he never
returned. He died on the Jonrney,
which was probably too much for his
falling strength, but whether In going
to or coming from Boston Is not clear.
After the death of her husband,
which in the circumstances cannoj
have been a very keen bereavement.
Mrs. Damon realized that she had
other duties than self-interest alone
suggested. Her mother was then old
and poor and friendless. Esther took
her and cared for her to the end of ner
life. To enable her to do this she
leased a little farm near Reading, Vt.,
and worked it as well as she could
with the help of a hired man.
After her mother's death she did not
feel equal to continuing this profitless
and unsatisfactory enterprise, and re
turned to Plymouh Union to take ur
her residence with an old resident of
that place, a Mrs. Snow, who had a
house, but no income. In that house
she has lived for the past sixteen
years, and there she hopes and ex
pects to remain for the rest of her life.
During a period of many years she
has been in receipt of a Federal pen
sion of $8 per month, and this meager
provision had to suffice In a large de
gree for the needs of both old women.
The pension has lately been Increased
to $24 per month.
With the exception of a slight deaf
ness, Mrs. Damon retains her faculties
fashion welcomed it as a new means
of recreation. It made a national sen
sation, favorable anil unfavorable. As
it whirled along the country roads, like
a smoky monster from some subterra
nean world of fire, horses leaped over
hedges and the terrified peasantry lied
to nooks of safety. Compared with it, a
modern motor car Is a thing of peuce
A dozen or so of them were run in
London as omnibuses, but the hlgb.
fare a shilling a rlde and the omin
0'i8 aspect of the vehicle, scared awuy
passengers. Ladies disliked the steam
carriages because of the grease and
soot that soiled their dresses; and so,
little by little, they fell into disfavor.
The railway, with its closed couches,
cheaper rates, and smooth rails, drove
them from the roads Into the muse
ums. Taxes ItaUe lit France.
The average tax for each French
man has risen from $15.25 In 1870 to
mora than $25 a year at present
Some people, when they own a dog
that would peacefully sleep around
the yard and make no trouble, tie It
up, to insure that It will howl.
This is about all the attention some
men attract: When their procession
goes by, people Inquire: "Whose fu