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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 9, 1905)
BUILD NEW BRANCH
Southern Pacific to liulld from
Drain to Marshlleld.
MAKES OmCIAL ANNOUNCEMENT
Ona of Oregon's Richest Counties
Will Shortly Da In Connection
With Rett of State.
1'nrt Intnl. Aiu. M. A survey has
Ihm'ii made by tint Southern 1 'lie i lie
company of a linn I rout I "ruin. 1(15
miles south of Portland, to Marshlleld,
on Coon liny. A satisfactory route linn
been fouml and the linn in now being
lcllnitely located. Tim announcement
was made at the nlllcces of the South
ern Pacific company yesterday thnt as
MiMitt m tlx line vtrnt definitely located
and right of way obtained the work of
constructing thin lino would begin
licueral Manager O'ltricn departed last
night for Southern Oregon.
'I'll in in mill of tin most important
undertakings in the .Northwest lor sev
eral vi'iirn. UN tlu new line means th
opening up of n vbhI country between
tlin prem-nt line of tln Southern Pacific
mid the ocean, tin" resources of which
are cnortiioiiM. The road will be about
H mili'M in length, and will closely
follow tin' waters of 1-1 1 k creek iiml the
Ciiiiioiiik river toward Gardiner, thence
eolith along tli' count to MurHhllHil. It
will have tin- distinction of being tlm
tlrst line to cross the Count Range
inoimtaiiiH in Oregon, as wi ll as tin'
.Ilrst one to penetrate the heart of oik
of tln ureutesl timber belts in tln
Aside from tin) .umber industry,
wliirli Iiiih alreudy reached vast propor
tioiin, notwithstanding itn only outlet
lv water, coal in mined in large tiiin
lilies Other products are shipMd,
Miii-h hh apples iiml potatoes, while
livestock and llnh form the hulk of the
present outward tonnage. The dairy
I ttM i tifMM trihtitnry to Coon bay in pro-
Mirtiomitty greater than any other on
the Pacilic coast. Canned salmon will
also form u pail of the shipments to
come out hy rail, and the iinproveil
truiixiHirtatioii facilities will, no doubt,
encourage the establishment of other
RESTS WITH JURY.
Attorney Finish Their Arguments In
Land Fraud Case.
Protland, Auk. .'I. Retribution tame
vcstcnlav lor A. h. ISeiuiell miring Itie
closing argument of Cnited States lbs
trlct Attorney Ileney, and the attorney
from The Italics shed tears under the
lunli of the prosecutor's caustic tongue
The iiiHinuationn and the suggestions
made on the previous day hy Mr. Ben
nett in hiH closing argument for tlie de
fendantn in the Williumson-Gcsner
Higgs case, in th Feder.il court, were
thrown buck into the fare of the speak
er with stunning Biid stinging foree,
while for three hours the attorney for
the defendants wan forced to nit and
listen to hin honor, hin motives and hin
intentions torn and twisted in a tlcry
lenunciation nueh an hun never U-foie
licen heard in mi Oregon court.
Following his argument, Mr. Heney
took U the contention that Ernest
Ktarr and other witnesses had lcen
tampered w ith, and showed that there
was reason to helieve such wiib the
case. He contended that Williamson
was the man who had planned the con
wpiracy charged, and argued that while
it might m natural for a man after the
struggle of a political campaign to go
Imck u his old home and meet his old
friends in the moment of his success,
yet it was not natural for him to forget
the visit. The entire course of the evi
dence was scanned and the district at
torney closed hin argument a short time
before noon, when court was adjourned
uhtil 2 o'clock at which time Judge
lo Haven gave his charge to the jury
and submitted the cuse to it.
Will Replant the Forests.
Washington, Au. 3. The KoreRt
service is making examinations of a
number of Western forest reserves to
discover what proportion of their area
needs reforestation. After studies in
detail have been completed and the
feasibility of planting lias been assured,
plans will bo made for reforestation of
largo tracts now unproductive. Pre
liminary examinations for planting
plans are now beliiR made in the Gun
nison forest reserve, Colorado; Gila
river reserve, New Mexico, i and Salt
Lake reserve, Utah.
lelegraph War on Railroads.
8t. Taul. Aug. 3. With the tele
graphers almost to a man remaining
loyal to their union chiefs and the rail
way oflicials making every effort to
maintain traflic, the telegrapners
etrike on the transcontinental systems
of the ( J rest Northern and Northern
Pacific roads has taken on the aspect of
a war to the finish. Hundreds of men
liave gone out on both lines, and an
immense hindrance has been caused in
the moving of trains.
Is Out for Rate Reform.
Chlcngo, Aug. 3. President Stuyve
Bunt Fisli, of the Illinois Central rail
road, in discussniK the work of the
Interstate Commerce commission today,
naid he was in fuvor of making that
body a court of recoid, capable of en
forcing its rules, or passing the strong
est kind of legislation tending to wipe
out every form of rebate that bears the
nartnarks of discrimination.
INCREASE OF FEVER DEATHS.
High Temperature tha Causa More
Cases Uutsida Naw Orleans.
Now Orleans, Aug. 2. Today wit.
neHsed an InrrcHMi) in the number of
deaths from yellow fever, a fact that
was not liner e( tei, In view of the
high teinperntiire that has prevailed
the past two days. There wsn, how
ever, the usual large preponderance of
Italian naiiirs in the list, IhiIIi of new
cases and deaths, which hns character
ized the reports since tin) time when
the fever was first olllHully announced
ss existing hrre.
In spile of the increased mortality,
the health authorities exhibited no
concern over the situation, contending
that, with the accumulation of cases,
there must be expected an Inccraso in
fatalities to maintain the average death
rate of the fever. It is still possible to
trace all the new rases that are appear
ing to the original foci.
Meantime the health authorities and
citizens are making arrangements to
give the result of their observations of
the fM'i outside of the original district.
The scientists have declared that the
female stegomyia can only receive the
poison of a yellow fever patient into
iter system during the first three days'
illness, and that she is unable to com
municate it until 10 or I 2 days there
after. In from 17 to 20 days it will
become evident w hether or not there is
to be a spread from any of the outlying
foci, and the health authorities will by
the beginning of next week include in
their daily tables, beside the appear
ance of new fori, the disappearnure of
rxisting fori from which there has hern
no srronilary iufrrtion.
TOO FEW OLD OFFICERS.
Commander Young's Defense In Ben
nington Explosion Case.
San I'irgo, Cal., Aug. 2. The naval
com t of inquiry which is hearing evi
dence in the dissster to the gunboat
Itennington resumed its sessional 10.30
this morning behind closed doors. No
one hut witnesses is admitted to the
meetings, and no disclosure of the pro
ceedings will be made until the Ihial
report is formulated, and then, prob
ably, only after submission to Wash
ington. It is understood that a portion of
this report w ill deal with the alleged
shortage of otlircrs on the liennington,
to w hich reference was made by Com
mander Young in a letter to Admiral
Goodrich some days before the explo
sion, in w hich he said he had "only
four duty otficers, young and inexperi
enced, which is likely to destroy the
tine record we have made for this ship,
and to keep up the standard I must
have two more experienced oiheers.
The Itennington is again at anchor in
the stream, and probably will remain
here until the court of iixiuiry com
pletea its work, and w ill then be towed
north by the flagship.
TURNS FROM PEACE.
Car Again Shows a Desire to Fight
War to a Finish.
Chicago, Aug. 2. According to the
8t. Petersburg corresiHindcnt of the
Itaily News, the pending peace confer
ence will tail and war witti Japan will
continue. He says:
The announcement that two more di
visions of Russian troops are going to
the front next week indicates the cr.ar's
determination, since his recent confer
ence with t-mperor William, to carry
the war to the bitter end. The chief
of the mobilization department said to
day to your correspondent:
"The peace danger is over. Witte s
trip to America will only serve to show
the Hussian people that Japanese do
mauds render peace impossible."
Petitions in Russia are forbidden tin
less they are olllcially inspired. This
fart gives special signillane to today's
ollicial publication of a petition from
Khaborovsk, Siberia, asking that the
czar "carry the war to a successful end
and break tlie loe s last eltort, giving
up not tin inch ot territory and paying
not a ruble of indemnity." Thin pe
tition bears upon it in the czar's hand
"I entirely share theso sentiments.
Telegraph Operators Out.
St. Paul, Minn., Aug. 2. All the
telegraph operators of the Great North
ern and Northern Pacitic systems were
ordered out last night at 11 o'clock by
President Perham, of the Order of Kail
way Telegraphers. According to the
Telegraphers' union between 1,1)00 and
2,000 men will bo afTeeted. Mr, Per
ham declares that by 12 o'clock today
tl5 per cent of the operators will be out.
The railway oflicials maintain that
they will be able to fill the places and
that they will suffer nothing more
than a temporary inconvenience.
Laid Low by Windstorm.
Ueaumont, Te., Aug. 2. Word
reached here this evening that one
white boy and two negro boys were
killed outright and 20 other persons
were more or less seriously injured in a
heavy windstorm which struck lless
may, La., this afternoon. The town is
situated in a forest of pine timber, the
wind uprooting several trees, which
fell on houses, killing and injuring oc
cupants. Telegraph and telephone
communication is prostrated.
Strict Quarantine In Arkansas.
Little Kock, Ark., Aug. 2. Cover
nor ltavis issued an order directing
General Haynes, commander of the
state militia, to detail as many men as
may be necessary to establish a strict
state quarantine against all points
where yellow ferer may exist.
AFTER BIG FELLOWS
One Millionaire In Jail Worth a
STATEMENT OF ATTORNEY HENEY
Does Not Believe In Convicting Man
Who Has Bean Bought and
Letting Buyer Go Free.
Portland, Aug. 1. Scathing in his
denunciation of graft in public life,
merciless in bis arraignment of the mo
tives of the defendants, severe in his
charges against the attorneys for the
defense, dramatic in his earnestness of
speech and effort, Francis J. Ileney
made his argument yesterday in pre
senting the case of the government in
the Williamson-Gesner-liiggs trial to
Those high in public life who used
their ollices for private gain and for the
practice of illegal business were held
up before the jury as men worse than
thieves nnd robbers.
"It has been intimated by the de
fense in this case," said Mr. Heney,
"that I have told the witnesses when
they came before the grand jury as
witnesses that I was not after the little
fish, but after the big ones. It has
been insinuated that bark of my move
ments lurked a politieal motive, but I
nerd only to bring this to mind for you
to know how fslse it is. Though the
defense has never been able to get a
Vi itness to say that I told him I was
after the big tish, 1 will say it myself.
I am after the big fish, and as long as
there is a hook and a line or a bit of
tackle in the government box I will
keep after them. (iraft is ruining
Russia today; graft ruined Rome, the
ancient empire of the woi!d, and, un
less the juries of the nation sustain the
laws of the I'nited States, graft will
luin this country."
Turning to the defendants and their
motives, the attorney held that when a
guilty man attempts to prove defense
for himself he always hews as clone to
the truth as possible. "Rut crime
leaves its scar upon the conscience and
the mind," said Mr. Ileney, "until if
we open wiiie enough the windows of
the soul we can see the markings left.
It is this consciousness of scar that has
led the defendants in this case to plan
the defense they have. I am after the
big tish I do not want the poor devils
who have been seduced through tlie in
fluence o' power and wealth. I want
the big fish. One millionaire in the
penitentiary is worth one thousand of
the poor devils he bought, as an exam
ple to the world."
WAR WITH BRITAIN IMMINENT.
German Paper Says German Navy Is
Ready for Action.
Herlin, Aug. 1. A very considerable
sensation has leen caused by the pub
lication in the Tegel Zeitung of a state
ment that a war between Germany and
Great ltritain is imminent. The paper
According to the most reliable in
formation furnished to the editor, war
between this nation and England may
not be averted. All German warships
have been fully prepared for prompt
action, having received secret msttuc
tions that war is considered inevitable."
lege i is a lierun suburb, where are
located the extensive works of Messrs
Rorsig, the well known machine and
gun manufacturers. This firm controls
the newspapers and the assumption is
that the "reliable information" eman
ated from that firm.
Distress Among Italians.
New Orleans, Aug. 1. Much
tress is beginning to appear among
Italian population growing out of
practical suppression of the fruit bus!
ness from Louisiana on account of the
quarantines, and relief work is one of
the tasks which the Italian societies
and citizens' committees will now have
to addresB themselves to. While the
six-day detention order of the board of
health lasts, allihe lines which have
been operated from the steamers into
New Orleans will divert their ships to
Many Quarantined at Havana.
Havana, Aug. 1. Seventy-eight ar
rivals today from Mexican and South
ern state ports again increased the num
ber of passengers detained at the Tris-
cornia station. Of 10 passengers on
the Excelsior from New Orleans, 14
were detained as well as were all the 28
passengers on the Martinique, from
Miami, Fla. The Yucatan, bound from
Vera Cruz to New York, brought one
feverish passenger, who was isloated
and taken to the fever hospital.
Rojestvensky Is Recovering,
Tokio, Aug. 1. Rear Admiral Ro
estvensky's condition has made satis
factory progress since the operation that
was performed on his forehead. He
was able to leave his bed and sit in a
chair yesterday. Pains in one, foot,
however, prevent his walking freely,
but no cause for uneasiness
The admiral has expressed his
satisfaction with the treatment
Taft Party at Nagasaki.
Nagasaki, Aug. 1. The steamer
Manchuria art '.ved here at 7 o'clock
this morning. The governor, mayor
and other oflicials went a I ward and ex
tended ollicial welcome to Secretary of
War Taft and Miss Roosevelt.
TO CONSIDER CANAL.
President Desires Congress to Decide
What Type Shall Be Built.
Washington, Aug. 1. II it be true,
as reported from Oyster bay, that the
president intends to call an extra ses
sion of congress early in Novemlsr, it
is not probable any attempt will be
made to force the prompt consideration
of h railroad rate bill. That would be
out rf the question ; at least it would
le impossible to secure final action on
such a bill within a month.
The probabiliU-s arc, and observing
oflicials here believe, that the president
intends, at the early session, to have
congress take up and settle once for all
the question of whether the Panama
canal shall be built, as originally
planned, with locks, or shall be a sea
level canal, as advocated by so many
prominent engineers. This is a ques
tion that congress must decide, and the
sooner it is out of the way the better
the men in charge of the canal can
The president has not taken the pub
lic into his confidence; he has not an
nounced what his object may be in
calling an extra session, but it is diffi
cult to figure out how anything could
be gained on a railway rate bill at a
session convening only three weeks in
advance of the regular session. It takes
that long for the house to orgainze,
elect a speaker, and for the speaker to
appoint committers, and the senate con
sumes almost as much time in its or
ganization. STANDS BY ALLY.
Japan's Peace Conditions Will Receive
Endorsement of Great Britain.
Washington, Aug. 1. Japan comes
to the Washington conference assured
that, whatever her peace terms, they
will have the sympathetic approval of
(ireat l'ritain. Several suggestions
from Washington to Ixmdon that the
cause of peace would be served by an
explanation to Japan from her ally fa
voring moderation in her demands up
on Russia have not availed to change
the British government in its apparent
ly unalterble determination to stand by
Japan, however severe she makes her
conditions of eace. Nor has the Brit
ish government seen its way clear to
render assistance to Washington in the
efforts which this government is mak
ing to obtain an armistice.
Advices reaching here show that
Ijondon is opposed to an armistice until
Japan has been satisfied that Russia's
plenipotentiaries are prepared to do
more than discuss means of ending the
war. If Russia is ready to conclude
peace and has so empowered her pleni
potentiaries, Great Britain, it is said,
might favor an armistice, but even in
this event she would, it is eaid, not be
willing to offer Japan advice on the
EDISON'S NEW BATTERY.
Inventor Says It Will Be Cheaper and
Lighter Than Present Ones.
New York, Aug. 1. Thomas A. Edi
son has made the declaration that he
has solved the problem of providing
cheap and serviceable electric traction
"By October my light battery will be
ready for the market, and we will be
ready to equip automobiles of all de
scriptions," he said. "To reach the
goal for which I aimed and keep down
the cost to a trifling portion of what
pretent batteries cost to keep alive,
determined upon a simple combination
of iron rust, potash and nickel rust
For a time it failed me, but now I have
accomplished the result with these in
gredients, and a new light battery is an
accepted fact. It will weigh one-half
of the present batteries in general use,
and will be about the same size, al
tnougn it stanas somewhat Higher in
its proportion than the other. As to
its power, there can be no question. A
new factory where the cell batteries are
to be manfactured is being erected in
Orange, and automobiles will be built
and equipped there."
Milling Wheat for Mexico.
San Francisco, Aug. 1. The Kosmos
steamer Theben, which sailed today for
the southern coast on her way to Eu
rope, carried 1,000 tons of milling
wheat for Uuaymas, Mexico. For sev
eral months past the Mexican govern
ment has abolished the duty on wheat,
owing to the short crop in the Hermo-
sillo district and steamers sailing from
here have received consignments of
wheat suHiciently large to warrant
them in calling at Guaymas, far up the
Gulf of California. The duty will be
imposed again on August 31.
Changes in Land Laws.
Washington, Aug. 1. The public
lands commission, appointed nearly
two years ago to investigate and re
port upon the operation and needed
modifications in the public land laws,
hopes to submit a final and comprehen
sive report to President Roosevelt prior
to the assembling of congress next fall.
The commission has about completed
its investigations as regards the home
stead, the desert laud and timber laws,
but not of the mineral land laws.
War Party Has Upper Hand.
St. Petersburg, Aug. 1. News of the
utmost importance is daily expected
from the army in Manchuria, At army
headquarters there are evidences of
great activity, and there is no doubt
that word to a general engagement is
looked for. The war party still has
the upper hand and there is still little
talk of peace.
INDEMNITY LEVIED ON UNCLE SAM.
"Insect! levy a yearly tax on American farm, orchard and forest prod
nets of I'OO.OfXJ.OOO," says C. L. Marlatt, United States entomologist, In a
recent report. This does not Include the cost of fighting these pests, which
costs $ lOO.OW.OOO more.
Every crop grown in the United States suffers from insects. The cereals
are injured to the extent of $200,000,000; hay, $58,000,000; cotton, $flO,000,000;
truck crops, $M,000,000; fruits, $27,000,000; animal products, $175.000,000
forest trees and forest products, $100,000,000, and products in storage,
The star performer of all the Insect pests is the Hessian fly. In 1900, it
Injured the wheat crop at least $100,000,000 worth, and the loss any one year
from It Is rarely less than $20,000,000. Only a little behind tha wheat fly
nre five $20,000,000 bugs. These are the corn root worm, corn boll worm,
chinch bug, cotton boll worm and codling moth. Then follows a numerous
array of third and fourth raters whose annual levies run from five to fifteen
millions each, and hosts of little fellows who eat up and destroy annually
two or three millions' worth of farm and forest products.
Besides these direct losses. Insects cause other serious disturbances. A
large shortage of any crop, such as Is often caused by some Insect, causes a
greatly Increased price for snrne to tlie consumer. It may cause commercial
disturbance and thus afTVrt large communities very seriously. Another dis
turbance chnrgonble to Insects Is the spreading of disease. Malaria and yel
low fever are dependent solely on mosquitoes, typhoid fever Is carried by
house flies, and Texas fever, which causes an annual loss of $100,000,000, is
directly traceable to the cattle tick.
"Let our object be our country, our
whole country, and nothing but our
country." Daniel Webster.
The event of the battle of Manila
bay is so recent in the minds of the
American people that no recountal is
necessary to recall
the deeds of Ad
miral Dewey. Po
ems have been
written and songs
have been sung;
volumes have ap
the man who di
rected the Ameri
can ships In the
far-off foreign wa
ters during the
OEUROK DKWKY. bpanisn -AUientuu
The outcome of the war had not for
a moment been in doubt; that the
United States would win was inevit
able: but there was a doubt concern
ing the fate of the Pacific squadron,
The name of Admiral Dewey was little
known outside of naval circles, and hla
opportunity for proving his ability In
emergencies had not yet come to him.
But the element of suspense had
raised the country to the height of ex
Dectancr. awaltinr the occurrence of
a battle that should settle the war de
cisively on the sea. when the news of
the battle of Manila bay came to the
American public. The two qualities
of Dewey that were brought out be
fore the public In connection with the
battle were his decisiveness and his
quickness of action.
It is the man who has no quibbllngs
about duty, the soldier, or the sailor,
or the civilian, who obeys order, who
stands ready for the fight for country
and right, whatever the cause may be,
who Is the patriot of to-day, Just as he
was the patriot of yesterday. It is the
man who strikes out from the shoul
der and who hits the mark straight
who wins the fight.
rrobably no President of the United
States ever suffered more from per
sonal unpopularity than did Andrew
Johnson. Elected mmmmm
as Vice President,
and called upou to
assume the reins of
government at the
death of Lincoln,
Johnson found that
he must complete
the difficult task of
of the Southern
been senator rroin a.nukcn jomnhok.
Tennessee and a war democrat
Many believed that he would be
even more severe on the South
than If he had been a North
erner, but many others believed that
be would not adopt decided measures
to meet the serious situation. John
son pushed forward the work of re
construction when Congress was not
in session. The blockade was raised
and the Southern ports opened once
more to the commerce of the world.
Congress attributed to Johnson's
hasty reconstruction the bills that
were passed by so many Southern leg
islatures that sought to regulate the
conditions of the negroes in the re
constructed States. There ensued a
demand for the Impeachment of the
President That he was not Impeached
Is to the credit of the American senate,
for such a measure of obloquy would
be but lnxlorious return for a naaa
who did his duty In a difficult position
and serred his country in a way that
now reflects renown on Andrew John
son. NEW SECRETARY Of STATE.
Elihn Root who has accepted the
portfolio of secretary of state, was
war secretary under President Mc
Klnley after the retirement of Rus
sell A. Alger. He Is a warm friend1
and companion of President Roosevelt.
He was born In 1845, the smi of a
professor at Hamilton college. He
was first a school teacher and then a
lawyer. In personality Mr. Root Is in
clined to be austere and very much
under self-control. Since March, 1883,
when he was appointed by President
Arthur United States attorney for the
southern district of New York, Mr.
Root has been almost continuously
concerned in public affairs. He oc
cupied that position until 1885. Ia
1894 he was delegate to the state con
stitutional convention and chairman of
the Judiciary committee. August 1,
1899, he was appointed secretary of
war by President McKlnley and was
reappointed March 5, 1901. He re
signed In August, 1903, to take effect
January 1, 1904. Mr. Root was one
of the leading members of the Alas
Not Mere Cariosity.
The world has a store of pleasure in
waiting for the unaccustomed traveler.
Sometimes, indeed, they may be most
ly in anticipation, as was the case
with Amos Riggs, of Plumtown.
"How d'ye do?" said Mr. Riggs.
cordially, to the stern-vlsaged man
who was his seatmate in the car on
the occasion of Mr. Riggs' first trip to
Boston. "Now what might your name
be? Do you live in Nashuy or be
"I should like to know what busi
ness it Is of yours where I live or who
am?" said his companion, crossly.
"Well, now, it ain't any partie'lar
business o' mine, strictly speaking,"
said Mr. Riggs, mildly, "but It's Jest
like this: I've got a cousin up in
Canady that I've never seen, and I've
always thought I might come upon
him some time Jest by asking folks
their name and so on."
Meaning of Mexican Word.
The word "pec" found in so many
Mexican names, means hill. Chapul
terec means grasshopper hill; Ocote
pec, pitch pine bill and so fiorth. It la
an Attec word and its use is almost
entirely confined to that part of the
Mexican republic that was once ruled
Two Professional Opinions.
"Will it be possible for Wadleigh to
recover from that railroad accident?"
"Well, the doctors say no, but the)
lawyers say yee." Milwaukee Sentl
neL Most of us are like the arerage card
playert Imagine we could do a lot it
wt could ever get a good hand.