Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907, September 28, 1904, Image 3

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17 X" ran .wv' wririgu'Tt r. t.'i
Opinions of Great Papers on Important Subjects.
Juav- A
Hid Vnrrlei! mid MikjI .
Ill, ., import note n cuiiitldorahlii decrease
1 1 ,,,. niiiiuiir or ninu among win ihiiiyi- pup
,,1,111'n ir t ho I lilted Htatits. Aliirl'-iiu limn
,,l nin nut so inili.ll given In marrying
,, f,,i n.-Mi Mnnjr who ilu iimrry, poslponn
, v 1 1 1 until jiiiitl) baa passed, m ml rr till
,,,,,1 .iiln-r riMiwina they rnrely linvo largo rami
, ri"ii'inl) no children nl all.
, , ,,- w.w In I Im number of fruitful mir
ilM. hi' 1 1 im Iiorn population I) Die rmill uf
i . ii lint ikiI jrtl been daleriiil'icd, lull
, It 1. Ui f u tilt lif Imlh If f u '111 II Im. 'I hi
M,i i tii i ii si prominent a faiur In our
ii,,. I. i.'lmlur man, mxl th Im ninny apolo
,. nrk'ii nin which arc (idratf-l In ilrfcnsn
' ,lU ,hi. imimirii upon iiiiunn. rionin i iii'jf nr
' '''''',,, ..(.i.uroiin philosophy of puro iinshnen,
'-'" , ,,. , ii.l.iiiliil, would nit All I'llil to I ho lift I loll.
''" , , , i,.,u. , r. I" not wi Imit jrit aa lo cuuae alarm
i, ni'ii Until women In the United Hlali'a, ao
r w 1 1 iiiiil "IT a Brunt many men woiihl have ro
"'"m ii . ii i rt 1 I'll" 7H..TK1.JW7 people within the nnil
h ,,r ilu' Inal remain aro divided Into niMKlll,
e'" , , ,. i, jit 1 1. females, giving nn I'ti'i-tt nl main
"' m'v'. """ males, SSMMI 'an are ittniile, M.U'U.iMl
c'li ' 1 s . l. Invert. H1.P0I divorced, mi.1 IS 1. 41'.'
,, ,i IHl'Hi l utikliowii. of lint fitinalni,
'.''.pi - " I ' H l.".1Hta married, 2.".' I f'll wldownl.
' ij'iiv .-I ""'I '.''II whine marital itlllon U im
'" " i,i' ii iiuuiIht nf tlinio rlmirt lllijlc Ini'linli
1 ' ,.l nil mtihi niulur Hie marrlaiifalilo njc, r
', ilt. ..ii ilinl uiiirrltiKn n tiumc ailulta If ludi a im
1 ira i n M1I l l' nllnoit utilvcranl
"fi. waa-.n r.-r iIm- ilivri-ai In tlio numWr of mnrrlntfn
t Ui ti'r,i "'"""K n lirr womnn inlclil lie fouitil In
J, ,.at r-iM nlliiK (lie worklliK flaasna. Tlmro nri
',im f' " '"t;nK"l I" Kalnfiil otliar tlmn
up I h"" milHoti m'l P In lars" part of
V(.'rinl .'in"ii I" fai'torlra, alorra anil onicm, anil til"
l"J'.ror ,,,,,,1 u.iMlly unuliiatra from aniline Uiom. Kan
Hip Miinpiirr nt MnnaanA.
rrillMi la wi aootlilne to Uih won ml t iroihirol
TV T I y il" ' : a 1 1 nr aa olillvlon. nml nnlliliis iiihWm
J I ,. n I ''.'.I ao ijuli-klj- nl tli ilslit of a
I ,a"..-n.-!.l on whl.-li tlio rlaltor or tils rrlatlrca
. r i,f.! iliroufli Hit liorron of fratrlfltlal
, iii.'l U Iipii an ojtl K-ililIrr ataiula on tlm
i,.. k-iii "f lii'ttyitniri,' a profnuiiil mnlanrholy
ul , .,'ni'iirr.l Willi Uio ai'miK lie f urn lillll, a
i o i .1 . ii r fiirilrn or taikunlliii; Im II. It
Uir M'a t" aiiahi' mi nil' uriiriny.
Haw niil"-l) . "ii'l projwi n ritinion or nonnrrn ana
l...a,.Al.l ... ....t
ij f.j.f.,, m , ii u i a "II a noiimrru naiucuniu, bum, nwi
If.! tritii I'ta I In . nt: llifin lnsiniii'r aa iwiiiio arnum nnu
,-,, r, criii i.i rislit ovrrnsaln In iiilmli-rjf tlm lilooilj
p-uo'i-r -Imi i-Hik plaiv on that "JmiI fort yrara bro. la
(KoupMin.a Ion II a aaklni; cnllmlj loo inin-li of Im
cjd naiuri- ami Ii wa In atrlkln roniraat wltli tlm wla
iia of i liarlra Himuirr. n'lio. iilraillnc licartlfaa Homo
tioiian .laiiipli". aurrfiHlnl In ridinllni from tlio t'-apl
UwmiK-li aa a itrltire tliat woill.l rri-all thfl civil war
Tie loraiu.n of tlio malicnrfra alioulil liavr lirnn in
iMui.rui apot l.inx) mllrt. If iioaalbla, from anj baltln
1 ir.J iht 11111101- of a Northern armj anil a souinrn
IflJ Ijalnil ntrl otlisr lioulil Iiafa liu toIJM llki a
i!I!Bft -C4ilrio Clironlclf.
Are Butlncaa Moa Coward?
tifuilil'.VT m.tflT ililrraitllff tbr Ht. I)llla
1 laHimiil of llartranl. rffentlj, rllil Amrrloana
Irottarua In that o fw of them darril to alaml
ii . , - in. ...l.i.i ,r
nulnit tnr rrowu im iu.i! mm "i'"
rrfn' to bntlnraa won In fai-lnr conilltlona
that mini anions th latwr iinloni It la aalrr.
Uiini rniiniK nrrilili'tit to alanfl aloof aim
iij !t mirlit or ourht not to b dotii than to know
ti il-uailon of affalra ami thn to art with ilia
oiUoa aa aril aa hrtTcry. Tho tlmorlea uiai worn nn
ml L , i" ",""lm"' "f '"
iial..-.l wtirl,), fr wln.-h ,, i,,,,,,. l(rt WJllll.
ii. ar ni.(,iiiy i.PMa,, , ,,,, j, ,.nrtMn Uial
""r ,!"I"B,, n hlsh tHulilon In the roimnnrelul worlil
wiuiniu I'uuraj,. i r..n Iniiuiiirraliln ohaim lm, onurmoua
' '" 'v,ll',, ,he 'hulnatli'n iiovit ilrfauinl.
ni aiiiH-oaifui himlnoi iitn rarrlrtt n wrliclit of ro-
.,. .,... ,t iiimwif ,i lhfT4 wltlfli la omparablo to
..... ... , i1,,w,.r of SPj annr n mnjf ,iauX(,
Hi IJin fai l, of lliy I,, rtl(M f,.p ,0 muy
.-I.,! -,r fYnii ,. , , (ri(,p WM1I1 Mnt. (juUly f
iiiwar.ll.',.. -n,, JU,1I(. ma lul ny hllo tln fa,,,
or labor iinloim i uri,. ,u pr(lV0 Mh ,.lirni;p l0 t Mll 0Tcr
thriii In rjr ,0 IM.UV), ,lU
rim obj.i r tin binrncaa nun la not lo illajila hla
alor or imr lilmvir hrro Ho wlahos to makft the lirat
nosalliln out of i.-l,ij rumuiinna, anil .many a atrlko Inn
Iwn airrtnl ami many i problotn nolvnl by Uio cool cal
iMllatlutia of tin. knrn aljfhlrd biulnoss man.
'lo tlm iikto ImikiToM t hla may arfin llko cowardice1
anil tlm with tn avoid a OrIiI. To tlio practical man of nf
falra II la K,i,l binlncaa acnac, and out'lit to be commouded
as vm-li - ..;blno chronicle.
Ilio Cost nnil lolly of War.
HI) nar in Um Kur Uiai, accordlns to Uie coin
imiiiiiuii of i well Informed nnwapapar of 1'arLi,
a ': 1 1 1 c tho Uutilun Kovcrnmcnt ill Ivuat
ll,iaij(jo n (ii,Ti aii (j19 (.ipciiai la Ittcrrualng
UHy If tin- war cmiUntii't for ycra, na Uio
opcrta any It U pretty anro to do, Kuaala will
' iiniulniH a burden of debt that will roil
n mail) future jf niTatlont.
It Olvrn Una an liihllnratlnu Rtiua
lion lloranbiiclc Trip,
"Mil yon over liiko a rldo over thn
IiiiiThIo clover plnlna of ToiaaV" nuk
ed n writer In tlio Now Orleana Tlmea
Hmnocrnt. "I reinember ono eiporl
cmo that will alny with mo nil my
life. It wna In Houston. I wna yotinu
nol It win H'MKhliiKtoii'a blrlliday.
A rrleml Invlli'd mo to ride to bin
much t 1 ,e coiinlry. We atnrted In
tho inornliiij. A Unlit prlni breeze
wna blowing red uml whllo roaeu
dangled rrom tho bnlconlea or the
hotiM'H na wo rodu tlmumh tlio utrecl.
After lenvlnir tho city wo rode Into
Hi" open. Thern wna n sweet amell
from the enrlh, and our homes stretch
d their necka nnil Knvo them.ielvea
up to the pleasure of motion. Hut
nini win nut tho beat part. The re
turn la what remnlnn particularly In
my memory. Wo iiukhci! tin. .lnv en.
Iii over the rnneh and looklni; nt the
niilmula. After online n dinner of tho
flneat fried chicken 1 had over mated
In my life, and loullni; for nn hour or
two with i-igani, wo mounted our
home for the return home.
"Thn moon was out full. A a wo
rode upon t, Pnna. mid lost sight of
all hoiiM-a, I felt ua If I were In nn
eiiehunted land. (In nil sides was a
vnst sea of white moonllKht. Tho
crnaaes mntle (ho waves. When wo
walked our horses we could hear In
numerable llttlu voices hliiKliij; a souk
of pral.o. Ii ,vna n sncrlleite to talk.
Then when our hnrsea beenmo warm
ed up mid urKed by tho additional
Impetus that they were returning to
tho stables, wo let them have roln,
and went nt a wIiikIub Kiillop over the
prairie. I don't know how my friend
know which way to ko. Ho was In
tho lend, and I followed him blindly.
To mo tho motion of tho horse, tho
moonllKht nml the aoumla of ulirht
tho amell of tho enrth nnd tho height
or wo iiKht-niled heovem constituted
had nover
felt before nor frit ilnra. Tho mem
ory or tho ride will always remain
with mo ns something distinct, benu
tlful and enjoyable."
vCf- kl'a 1
heivilj iij.
nf ...umr, h.imi(i) n ,t, in llut surprisingly great " exhilaration which I
aiiui a hral laa pnwer lo pay Tor Uio ciinduct tr a
tsar llumi-j baa been throvtlng millions urier mllllona
aliice tin. new hi1Icj with regard to the Aslntle portion of
the empire waa put Into iiperntlon. Nobody knows how
much the Trana Hllirlan nllway has emt, but It la an enor
niouj aiiiniint; and Hie eiprndlturri on Port Arthur, Dalny,
Harbin. Vlaillroitok and the other outposts have run Into
the liundreda of millions. Indeed, u was pretty well known
to tho Japanese ns well as to Uin rest of the world that
llusata'a treasury was In an extremely bad way at the
Uine war was declared.
Hut the II (xi.r o a day Is, after all, only a small part
nf the bills Iluiala has to face. Her lottos of battleships
hire meant tho destruction of hundred of millions of dol
lar!' worlh at property that must bo replaced, nnd Uio
propo'thn capture of her great towns wlUi Uiclr arma
ments mint make the Cztir's heart alrk.
('unslderi'd as a plain business proposition, the war with
Japan does not ai-em to be a very good Investment, liven
though Ituaila should win nt Inat. alio will have to defend
her posartilons more expensively Uian evnr, and how many
year of ownership of ManrhiirU will be required to wake
up her losses? Chicago Journal.
Those who know anything of tho
dally r.iullno of nrmy postH and on
board our ships of war It Is hardly
necessary (,, Rliy n,t ti,e tmt0 0f u,0
bugle la tho most fnmlllnr sound of n
military or naval lire. There Is scarce
ly an hour or the day that Its rliiKlng
trumpet call does not greet the ear,
heralding some drill, formation or In
spection, and, lo the soldier and sailor
nllla', sleeping or waking, It becomes
an cverprcsent accompaniment, If not
regulator, of his clock-work existence.
As curb, then, there must be some
Interest attached to thn meaning of
tho signals which It conveys, how they
can bo understood and distinguished
apart. As a military adjunct the bugle
Is doubtless or extreme antiquity.
Trumpets were carried by tho Per
sians among the hosts or Xerxes, nnd
In Its many varieties tho bugle was
a fuvorltc with ancient warriors. It
even seems to antedate all other musi
cal Instruments, ns It appeared on the
Kgyptlan baa roller nt Thebes, on tho
stone relics or the Iirulds In the Ilrit
Ish .Museum, In pictures of Grecian
mythology and In the legends of the
fall or Troy. A horn or perforated
Srlcctinq and Managing Men.
ANY men mtitakeuly think Uiat because they
work hard end try hard thry must eventually
su.Tecd to aome extent. This does not follow.
Somo men carry on great enterprise with little
npparent effort. Tholr success Is due to skill
In selecting cfnclent executive hoada. Many a
business man breaks down trying to nipple-
inent the work of Incompetent heida of departmenta almply
heeuuae he does not know how to choose the right men. A
man of commanding ability does not worry hiniieir over an
talla. lie makes out tils program nnd then aelrcta men
who can carry It out to Uie letter. Indeed. Is Is a sign of
noakneas for the head of a concern to bothor about lltUs
details. It showa that ho lacks the Insight, tho buslnosa
akigsclty. the ability to aelect and to manage men who can
do things elllcleutly.
It Is a great art to duplicate one's aelf In another nnd
multiply one's self many times by selecting those who are
vastly superior to ourselves, but who did not happen to
have hid our opportunity to do the thing Uicmsolvea.
Compiled with thn I,ar.
In Chicago are corbiln boulevards
set apart for tho uio of pleaauro ve
hides only, from which all wheeled
appliances which npponr to be uoed for
toll or profit are atrlctly excluded. At
rhs Intersection of two such driveways
ono aunny nrternoon stood a dapper
little park policeman In a new spring
uniform. Ho twirled a slender switch
Idly In his white-gloved hands, and
appeared to bo making up by an as
sumption or Importance all that he
lacked In size.
Suddenly, as If he had bobbed up
out of Uin ground, appeared a glganUe
laborer trundling n plobelan wb eel
borrow. It was an empty wheelbar
row, to bo sure, but a wheelbarrow
none tho less, which had been uiod
many a Ume In carrying brick and oth
er common things. For a momont tho
park policeman wai atlff with horror
t thin desecration of Uio boulevard.
Tlien with lordly tread he stepped out
and tapped the workman easily with
tho twitch.
"Huro, now, my man." he said.
"None of thit, yoa know. Only plena
uro vehicles allowed on Uio drive.
You'll have to go down to Uio next
atreat with that barrow."
Ilia workman hesitated a moment.
and then grinned broadly.
"Pltmaure vetilclea, eh?" ho repeated,
"Well, there," and as easily as a cat
would pick up a mouse, ho picked up
Uio pollciTHAn end deposited him In the
barrow, "alt you thero, then, my boy,
and we'll have a pleasure vohiclo all
our own.
shell was the most primitive and com
mon form or this prehistoric trumpet,
which, In Its evolution, has produced
this present bugle. Its earliest re
corded prototye was tho long-stemmed
3are-mouthcd Instrument popularly at
tributed to Gubrlel and angel orches
tras, and by successive gradntlons Its
pedigree can be easily traced down to
the shining, metallic and beautifully
finished cornet or to-day. Hut as It Is
tho desire of the writer to make the
military use of this Instrument more
ramlllar to the many who know or It
only In a general way. It Is with that
end In view that he selects the bugle
or trumpet ns his theme.
The words "trumpet" nnd "bugle"
are frequently used Indiscriminately,
although in n technical sense the form
er Is the Instrument especially belong
ing to the cavalry or mounted troops.
whllo the latter Is the one most ottcn
seen depicted. The two Instruments
differ but slightly from one nnothcr.
Ii Is proliablo Hint mio never fully
rrellu Uie Intcrili-pontlt'iicu of v. lid
crfittiri's, nnd their cognliAiiro of the
I'uri or their own kind and other
l'mli Mr Mary Aualln. In "ilie
Um) of l.ntle Itnln." aaya that the
.linigeri of the ditert all kiep an
J( on ono another.
Xfrer a coyote comes out or his lair
to hunt In the country or the carrion
mwi, but looks up llrat to here
Ul' crows are gathering. It la it ant
Mmt fur n windy nmrn
Ire. on the listless, level mesa, lo
!i'li Uie pair of them eying each
Uifr furtltely. with a tolerable
umptlon of unconcern, but no doubt
Wi a certain amount or good under
Whui the five royotcn that range the
Tjon rruiii I'astcrla to Timnwnl
I'annrsl u relay rnce to bring down nn
Htrlopa striked rrom the lwnd. nn
swung down rrom Moijnt I'llios,
taiianln miiterlallred out or Invisible
"tcr, and hawks came trooping like
Mll lioya In a street fight. Hnbblts
"1 up In the chapparnl nnd ctvkril
heir earn, reeling tlii'iiiselvos qulio
i(t for once aa tho hunt swung near
Nothing hnpiMUs In the deep wood
"'I tho blue Jays nro not all ngog
It'll. The hawk follows the Imdger,
to coyote the carrion crow, and from
ttflr aerial stations tho buzzards
Wi each oilier.
Very clean and hnnilsomi', quite be
I'-ig hla relationship In nppi'nrnncii,
" Hark'a crew, Hint kenvenger and
tlnndrrer of mnunlnln cainpH. It Is
Pwmlwlble to call lilm by his cuiuinon
lump, "Camp llobber;" he lias earned
Not content with refuse, ho picks
Jlti meal sacks, fllchos wholo pula-I01-".
I a gorinand Tor bacon, drills
"Wei hi pncklng-cases, and Is dnuntrd
lf notlilng short of tin.
All ti, W,,u ,lft Awn no, MSrct t0
I ""I'wto tho chlpmunka and spar-
U1l whlak off cruinba of comfort
'torn under tho ciimpor'a foot.
TllO L'nillll llnl.l,..,-'. ,.r .nil lilnelr
ff lilt barred wlnga nnd slender
'". with ci'rtuln trlcltH of iierclilng,
nun or attempts to pass lilm
"" off as a wwHlpeckor; but Ills li-
.r is mi crow, llo froquonta tho
' vmo bclta, nml has a nolty.
'went rail ko a Jay'a: and how
" tlio frlak-tnllcd chip
koep tho campl Nu cruiiili or
or bit of ogg-ilioll gooa nmlat.
tie attire worn by the Dutch peasantry has a great attrac
,d tho American artist ahown In the lllu.tratlon 1. ovUlo.t
Tho plcturesii
StZto' v.ue from an arU.Uc
turn, and what ho leave of hla kill la
moat for some other.
ICollpan ol Hnpplilra.
When .Miss Happhlra Hnodgrass read her
grniliitttlou essay soino dlHcernlng
persona present Into the condemna
tion stirred
When Its peroration ntl Towed o
effort half so splt'ii.lld Ijail
I",,," of Hnilllivlllo greeted or the
ears of Hinlllivllle heard;
Such diction, polso and thinking! Half
S" t o audience was Winking .
of pride when Mlaa Happhlra bade
hor audltora farewell,
Anil tho way that alio waa showered with
congrtulllol Hred "If
bouquets of rareat lowersl Ah,
'tis not for mo to toll!
I nredlct," said Trustee Ilrower as he
gave 1.1- right hi""l '
will be ii" common destiny uo or-
I your" es,'lVrorn.lon 1 can seo
' emancipation rrom your sex sllnd
tntious ami n yearning for "
Ro itwas'aU "agreod and settled that alio
take first l'laco 'inonc woman of
the self-assertive kind,
And hut for thn limitations or her lex
might be the nation's chief axecu
tlve, they aald It, if ahe felt that
way Incline.!.
So, the eyes or Hmlthvlllo stelng this
superb and fcmnle being, aha t
forth Into tlie atrugglt with do
temiluatlon grim;.
Hut. alia! In moment stupid, by the way
met cunning Cupid, and oblivious
to glory tarried there to talk wim
Mm; ,
Talked with Cupid there and tarried; all
the dreams aro lledi ahe'a married;
giving up hor aspirations to win
glory and renown.
So superb and so llno-fcttlcil, all of
Hmlthvlllo feels sure nettled, for
ns plodding wife sho'a Bottled In
llttlo country town!
New York Times.
Wlso men sol! good advice, whllo
fools pay for tho privilege of giving It
CharltyvTth a atrlns to It uncovers
a multitude of sins.
Judge's rupll Proved Too Apt.
A prominent Judge and a young law
yer wero taking a holiday Jaunt to
gether, and having a very Jolly time of
It, Ono day tho younger man said to
his companion:
'Judge, I wish you would tell mo
what It Is to which you attribute your
very unusual success In tho law."
"Well, I don't mind doing so, but It
must bo on one condition, nnd that Is,
that you agree to pay the rest of my
traveling expenses on this trip.
To nn ambitious young fellow of
considerable Inherited fortune that
wa not too much to do, and so no
"It Is simply this," said tho Judge;
"I always make It my rule to deny
everything and lnalst upon proof.
Ills friend acknowledged the remark
with n simple "thank you," and notn
Inn further was said nbout tho matter.
Tho Judgo did not limit himself In
bis wines nnd other expenses, and was
nmniinr mi a pretty bill. When their
stay nt that hotel was ended, and they
went to the desk for their nccounts.
the Judgo received his nnd passed It
along to the younger innn wun n twin
kin In bis eve.
"Why, what does this menu?" he
"Menu!" said the Judgo; "It simply
menna that you agreed to pay all my
expenses on this trip, and here's my
"Judge," said the other, "I deny ev
erything and Insist upon proof." Phil
adelphia Ledger.
ii.,i-r, on Too Heavily.
"Tills won't go for only one stamp,"
xnld tho village postmaster to tun uu
cln 'Klnh, aa tho latter handed him a
bulky and much senlea missive
"Whuf for? What's do uuiddiih wld
"Too heavy." replied tho postmaster,
linliinclOLT it on his hand.
"Umph! 1 tolc dat boy so when ho
wns B-wrltln' of It. I tole him ho was
writ in' too beaby n han', but ho kep'
n n.hpnrln down nn' a-bearlu' down
on do pen, lahk a load o' liny, i n inne
It baclt, sair an' mok him wrlto wld a
pencil. I ain't gwlno epen' no mo' two
ccutaca Jcs' tcr Ida plglieaileunesa.
n-... u' of Widows.
"Thla article on tho faahlou pago 1
. ..., ft., i Wlint's
lieadWl "THO Yimou v...
I1..I rnvwnr?"
"0! That's merely tho thing alio sets
for tho next reiiow." i-iiinmoipu".
i. Mwirt.
Miss Oldo-l don't tUlnk much of
il man nl tO-dllV.
"lwcl., If you wait for tho
voting men of to-morrow, you aru Uaulo
to bo on old maid.
the chief dlsUnctlon being that the
trumpet has an extra crook which
gives It a baritone Instead of a tenor
note. The bugles In common use are
usually F or G In tone. The appear
ance or the latter Instrument Is so
well known that It hardly needs de
scribing. Its sound, to the soldier, at
least. Is an evcry-day affair.
Until a few years ago Uio "boats-
mans pipe, a curious little silver
whlsUc with the shrillest of sounds,
was the monitor to whose merry chirp
ing tho rollicking Jack tars yielded a
ready and willing obedience. But with
the advent of the now navy, fighting
turrets, military masts and rapid-fire
guns, this relic of the days of oak and
sails, like other things nauUcal, baa
gone under with the tidal wave of
change which has swept over the naval
service, and has found Itself almost.
If not quite, supplanted by the brazen
From the first call ,n tho morning.
"reveille," nt 4i!0 or 5 o'clock, until
the last, "taps," tho signal to extin
guish lights, at 0:30 p. m., almost every
Incident or ship routine Is punctuated
by the bugle.
Iu tho navy at the present day only
a rew time-lionoreu services are icrt to
tho "pipe." Such as "sweepers," "mess
9. -
Xriil nut
calls," "all bauds to muster," "turn
to" and "pipe down." Nearly all oth
ors. "clear lower decks," "clean b-'ght
work," "spread mess gear," "evening
quarters tot muster, church," "re
treat," "color evolutions," "fire," "ex
ercises, boat calls, "abandon ship,"
-arm and away" (equipped for distant
aervlco of "cutting out"), "hooks on
boats," "assemble for drill and cere
monies," "hammocks" and "tattoo" (0
o'clock), have been usurped by the
busy bugle.
At tho United States Naval Acad
emy, Annapolis, JId., all tho study, rec
itation nnd recreation calls for the ca
dets nro sounded by It, nnd, together
with Its military companion, the drum,
It nlnvB nn Important role In tho rou
tine life of these embryo olllcers, thus
accustoming them to Its constant use
when they go out Into tho service at
the end of their four years' course.
This assumption of the essontlally
military Instrument by tho navy Is but
ono ot tho many proors that this
branch of our service Is growing mill
tary ns well ns scientific, and reluctant
as aro souio old barnacles to conress
It, the day Is not far distant when
every ship of war will bo but a floating
fortress, garrisoned by soldiers, gov
erned by nearly tho samo regulations
ns aro practiced on shore and ottlccred
by skilled artillerists, to whom tho
traditions of tho sea, except In tho uso
of tho extant, will bo n thing of tho
Tho sailor, or "man-or-warsman," ns
ho was onco known, Indeed, except lu
dress and nppearancc, has almost en
tirely disappeared from tho seas. He
no longer eats his hardtack, "aalt
horse" nnd "rope-yarn Junk" from a
tarpaulin spread on deck, but now sits
at tablo nnd has often as many delica
cies as are to be found In the ward
room mess.
He has no more "reefing" and
"handing" sail to do, but must be nn
expert mechanic or artilleryman, skill
ed In machinery, armament and torpe
does and In aiming and tiring modern
breech-loading cannon.
While at the wheel he cannot watch,
as he used to do, the weather leech of
the main topgallant sail to keep It
"lifting" or "full nnd by," ready to
"luff" or "let her go off a point," but
he must now be a practiced and skill
ful nrtlflccr who, with finger on Uie
electric dial or steam steering gear,
directs by the slightest Impulse
through constant danger the safety of
hundreds of lives and millions of dol
lars' worth of property.
In short, he must keep pace with bis
ship, which Is no longer a towering
fabric of airy spars and sails heeling
to tho breeze under "royals," "top
gallant sails" and bellying "topmost
stunsatls," but a powerful ironclad like
the battleship Oregon or swift ocean
greyhound like tho commerce destroyer
Columbia, fitted with every modern ap
pliance, propelled by trlpple screws,
driven by quadruple expansion en-
glnes and speeding through Uie water
at the rate of more than twenty knots
per hour.
These bulwarks of the nation, tri
umphs of naval architecture nnd the
highest conception of the constructors'
art, need a different kind or hand to
guide and fight them than tho pictur
esque sailor ot Dlbden and Marryat
Every finger a fishhook; every hair a
The bugle calls In use In Uio army
nnd navy are not, as many might sup
pose, rude and unmeaning blasts, with
out rhyme or reason, and sounded sim
ply at random, but each has a special
and peculiar significance, which Is soon
learned and, to those, accustomed to
tho sound of the bugle, as readily un
derstood as any spoken language.
In tho "skirmish" or extended order
drills on shore no commands by word
of mouth nre necessary, but a trum
peter, or "field music," accompanying
tho officer (who designates tho desired
maneuver), voices the warning for Its
execution on his bugle. Tho last note
Is the signal of execution, at which Uio
movement Indicated Is promptly per
formed "Attention, forward," "rise,"
"halt," "He down," "rally by squad,"
"deploy," "commence firing," "ceaso
firing," "to the rear," and many like
movements nre all perfectly intelllgl
bio to tho soldier or the well-trained
"blue Jacket," and require no word of
command to Interpret their meaning.
At our military posts the frequently
recurring rouUno calls servo to Indicate
tho hour of tho day for tho officers nnd
their families, who regulate their
clocks by them and who rarely need
to consult their timepieces when with
In sound of tho bugle. They rcgulnto
their engagements to a nicety by these
routine garrison calls, which are as
constant and unchangeable as the sun
In Its course. Army babies learn to
hum them when they are only big
enough to toddlo nnd lisp, and army
mothers and housekeepers regulate
their household duties by tho hours
which they mark. Such remarks as
"First call for 'retreat' and dinner is
notsorved,"or " Taps' already and not
yet in bed," aro not Infrequently heard
among army people, to whom this
hourly monitor soon becomos a fa
miliar friend and second nature It
tells them when to sleep, when to wake
and when to go to church. It re
minds them that It Is time for lunch,
time for dinner nnd time to prepare ror
bed, nnd, should physical nllmentn re
quire nttentlon. It announces tho doc
tor's arrival by "sick call." From
morning till night Its clarion note
"sends the wild echoes flying" nnd be
tokens something which cannot be for
gotten or shirked.
Among thoso calls most often heard
and which rarely or never vary aro
"first call," "reveille," "parndo and
gunrd mounting," "assembly of guard
details," "sick call," "drill," "fatigue,"
"canteen," "mess" calls, "retreat,"
"tatoo," "quarters" and "taps." All
these ore equally familiar to the garri
son dwellers, whether In barren ks or
"olllcers row," nnd to ninny ot Ihem
rhyming words have been so cleverly
fitted by the soldiers themselves that
the very notes seem to speak the mean
ing expressed by the call.
For the hoisting ot Uio flag at 8
o'clock every morning, and when It Is
hauled down nt sunset, "colors," as it
Is ailed, the bugles sound off the sa
lute "to the colors," and the "retreat"
or "trooping of tho color."
The exultant Inflection of each flour
ish of this manifestation of respect to
the national flag Is expressive of tho
ceremony it represents n martial
"hall" or "gloria In excelcls" to tho
outward and visible symbol of a na
tion's greatness.
The "retreat" concludes the cere
monies of the day evening parade
and Its flnil notes mingle with the
boom of the evening gun which an
nounces the vanishing of the last rays
of the setUng sun as tho colors reach
the ground.
The two calls, "to the color" and "re
treat," are sounded In unison by all
the "Held music" massed, who gather
at the flagstaff at the preliminary "as
sembly of trumpeters," while the ordi
nary routine or garrison . calls are
usually Bounded by the trumpeter of
the guard, or ship's bugler, alone.
Mate Attire Falls in Even Distribution
of Protective Warmth,
That a dress reform for men from a
practical and hygienic point of view Is
badly needed there Is no doubt What
can be more ridiculous than cutUng
the front of the vest and coat away
and thus expose chest, lungs, throat,
etc., to the Inclemency of the weather,
giving rise to serious Illness? What
sense Is thero In constructing the back
of a vest with a mere, thin lining? Do
tailors Imagine that the spine requires
less protection than nny other part of
the body. What practical use Is there
in wearing collars high enough to out
shade the old-fashioned "father-murders,"
collars that prevent the free?
movement of head and neck, and tight
enough to seriously Interfere with tho
proper function of several organs?
It Is Ignorance, pure and simple, and
It la one of the physician's duties to
enlighten the public on Uio necessity of
considering their health before fash
Ion, Ignorance, and folly. Wherein tha
male attire falls Is the even distribu
tion of protective warmth. One part
of the body should be as warm as tho
other. But not enough that the pres
ent style of dress makes this an Im
possibility, to flatter man's vanity (pre
sumably), tailors have acquired a hab
it of padding Uie coats "to Improve tha
figure," and thereby Introduce another
element of unequal distribution of pro
tection. As a proof of how llttlo men caro
about this "Improvement," it may
sarely be stated that nine men out of
ten do not know where their coats are
padded, or that they are padded at all.
and then they wonder why In a biting
wind they should feel cold In one
shoulder and not In the other. If phy
sicians called the serious attention of
men to these anomalies In their cloth
ing and Inculcated In them correct hy
gienic principles of dressing, they
would take a great step In the direc
tion of preventing disease.
Eggs an a Food.
Would It not be wise to substitute
more eggs for meat in our dally diet?
About one-third of nn egg Is solid
nutriment. This Is more than can be
said ot meat There are no bones, no
tough pieces that have to bo laid aside.
A good egg Is made up of 10 parts
shell, 00 parts white and 30 parts
The white of an egg contains GO per
cent water and tho yolk 62 per cent.
Practically an egg Is animal food, and
yet there Is none ot the disagreeable
work of tho butcher necessary to ob
tain It Vegetarians use eggs freely,
nnd many of these men nre 80 and
00 years old and havo been remark
ably freo from sickness.
Kggs aro best when cooked four
minutes. This takes away tho animal
tasto which Is offeuslvo to some, but
docs not harden tho wblto and yolk
so ns to make them difficult of diges
tion. Such eggs should bo eaten with
bread aud maBtlcntcd very finely.
An egg spread on, toast Is fit for a
king If kiugs deservo better food
than anybody else. Fried eggs aro
much less wholesome than boiled ones.
An egg dropped Into hot water Is not
only n clean and wholesome, but a de
licious morsel. Most peoplo spoil tha
tasto ot their eggs by adding pepper
and salt, A llttlo sweet butter Is tha
best dressing. Kggs contain much
phosphorous, which Is supposed to bo
beneficial to those who uso their
brains much. Pittsburg Press.
An amusing sight Is to seo n really
modest woman raise her dress too
high, by mistake, In crossing a muddy
The man who thinks twice before
speaking seldom says anything.
JUe CUUnlnirnat lniiiler ta liillll(it In