TOPICS OF THE TIMES. A CHOICE SELECTION OF INTER. E8TIN0 ITEM8. Coimants and Criticisms ru.td dpoa tli Happening of iha Day Hlstorl J and Nawa Nat. A Brooklyn church, yearning for pence on earth, ha abolished the choir. -The weight of expert opinion seems to ha that tpelltng correctly It a sift, tha tamo as spellbinding. YVbn trust magnates begin shying itonei at one another there 1 sure to ba a great shattering of glatt. , We often hear of a middle-aged man, hot never of a middle-aged woman, A woman la cither young or old. , George Kennan Is bearing up un der the repeated misfortunes of the Itusstant as well as could be expected. The man who thinks a good deal of his wife should not attempt to conceal hit thoughts when he Is alone with her. A New York man Is learning to talk without a tongue. This Is new; but many people have learned to talk without brains. Andrew Carnegie has now given away more than f 100,000,000. Hur rah for Andy. May he not stop till he makes It a billion. rlt Is comparatively easy to discover the germ that produces dlteaae. The real trick It to prevent tue germ from discovering bis victim. An excited doctor has run a pin through the mump microbe. It will be a great triumph when they coral the stone bruise microbe. Many a candidate wbo thinks be hears the voice of the people calling to him, discovers later on that be has responded to a false alarm. Sir Charles Dllke will now be voted the loveliest man In all England. He haa come out flat-footed for the admis sion of women to parliament Another trained nurse has married a millionaire patient The training of nurses In some quarters seems to be a comprehensive sort of tutelage. A great many people devote their best thoughts and energies to bring ing prison reforms who never give a thought to the man that never did anything to merit imprisonment The geological discovery that the ' western mines of the United States can produce unlimited quantities of radium follows closely upon the heels of the discovery that radium Is not good for anything. America has begun to set the styles of the world in wearing apparel, as well as In freedom. An English shoe manufacturer with branch stores in many large European cities Is making shoes on the American model because bis customers demand them. Dr. E. Benjamin Andrews says that the President's race suicide theory Is a good one but that It can be over worked. Dr. Andrews says that ten children Is too many. A few more bits of wise advice and the American people may yet learn bow to regulate their family affairs. Public opinion has turned against lynching so steadily of late that the action of the Colorado sheriff who. single-handed, stood off a mob at the point of his pistol represents a popu lar new fashion In officers of the law. A few more such Instances of deter mined official fidelity and courage will greatly help to cure the lynching habit The frequency of the remarks that Russia and Japan will get rich ou of their war shows the long life of a popular misconception. Countries at war get poorer with startling rapid ity. War does three things which make a nation look prosperous: It makes a scarcity of labor; It taxes the future for an Indefinite period and spends the tax money at once in lavish sums; and It enables a handful of cap italists to reap vast fortunes out of the profuse expenditure of money, This true statement of the case cannot too early be mastered. Verestchagln, the Russian painter who has devoted his life to depicting the horrors of war, with the intention Df abolishing the cruel curse of the ages, was on board the Russian bat tleship Petropavlovsk. He died In carrying out the cause to which bis art was dedicated the securing of peace to the world. He was only In the military camps and upon the mur derous engines of sea battle to study realities so as to present to the world tha scenes Inseparable from war. It was his hope that when the nations aaw what they were fostering in the military spirit, they would revolt from It and bring about a now reign of peace on earth, good will to men. Tha war canvases of Verestchagln have been forbidden the galleries of Russia and of Germany by more than one de cree. They were feared for the effect they would have upon the masses. George Collins, a young man, was hanged in St. Louis recently, A few hours before his execution he said In en interview with a newspaper report er: "My parents never gavo me a show," Nor did be say this because of pique, nor to Justify himself. As revealed by bis life's history what be said was true. The boy did not get a fair chance at life. In fact bis parents gave him no chance at all. Ills father and mother were unlit for parenthood. They allowed their son to grow up in the streets. There was no homo atmosphere nor Influence nor training. The only training was lit the direction of evil. Very early In life young Collins came Into conflict with the police. They pronounced him a bad lot and Anally bad him sent to "the reform school. In this school Collins simply took a post graduate In vice. After thus fitting himself for 1 a criminal career ho was released to prey upon society. The road to the scaffold was a short one. Primarily the blame rests with the parents. Hnd tbey given blm a fair chanco ha could then blame hlmtclf for hit wrong, doing. Ills father and mother sent hlra to tho gallows. The lesson of bis mUspont llfo Is for parents: Ho gin tho education of yonr boy before he it born with yourself. During a discussion at the Chicago Woman's Club Professor Arnold Tomp kins of the Chicago Normal School said: "A man should dress well so should a woman but not too well; ho should comb, but not too well; bo should write well, but not too well, and ho should spell, but not too well. The press recently criticised high school pupils because they were poor spellers. It was the highest compli ment ever paid to them, because It proved they were In better business." Another speaker Indorsed this notion by declaring that there were more Im portant things In education than good spelling, and that the time was coming when the poor speller would no longer bo considered illiterate. From these assertions and others like them which proceed from the mouths of school trachcrs we may Infer that a contempt for spelling Is being rather assiduous, ly cultivated by a considerable number of our modern educators, and the question arises whether they are not Inviting contempt for themselves. It Is to be noted, moreover, that tbey can put forward no superior claims to au thority In the matter, because the test of the value of spelling Is not connncd to the classroom. It Is being applied every day In business nnd In the pro fessions. The high school boy who Is assured by Professor Tompkins that the censure of his errors In spelling Is In fact a compliment may find that the more be Justifies such compliments tho more difficult It will be for him to secure the favorable attention of those upon whom he depends for em ployment. That is a phase of the sub' ject that is of very great practical Im portance, and that admits, we should say, of little difference of opinion among persons of experience in the world's work. It Is a fair conclusion also that where slovenliness Is encour aged In one branch of study Its Influ ence is likely to be felt In others, and if there are occasionally Instances from which It appears that poor spelling nnd brood general culture are not lucom- patlble they are to be taken ns curl ous exceptions. Furthermore, when we are Informed that there arc more Important things In education than good spelling we are entitled to a Mil of particulars; also to proof that Inac curacy In spelling Instead of being the sign of general slovenliness Is evi dence of devotion to the more Impor tant things. Upon the whole, it would seem that the high school boy Is get ting slops when he needs discipline, and If a professor may defy the rules with impunity the boy enjoys no such privilege. In this connection a story that Is told of Dr. Parr, an eminent English scholar and educator. Is perti nent When a gentleman defended his pronunciation of Alexandria with the accent upon the "1" by an appeal to the authority of Richard Bentley, Parr came down upon blm with the com ment that he (Parr) and Bentley might pronounce the word that way. but that the gentleman had better stick to the ordinary usage. So Dr. Tompkins may spell as be pleases, but be ought to refrain from making a laughing stock of bis pupils. 1-1 I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 ! 1 I 1 I I I I I I 1 lit I- A COMIC TTAGEDY. 111! II 1 1 I I It I I It III I I-M -!;. John Banvard, wbo afterward be came famous as the painter of a great panorama of Mississippi scenery, set out In bis boyhood. In the early thir ties, to travel down the "Great Water" In a fiatboat with a number of com panions. They built their boat on the Wabash, and were to pay their way by exhibiting dloramlc views In the cabin at landings. Unfortunately the candle-lights were not then shin ing through the sycamores along the Wabash, and before the adventurers reached a settled region they ran out of provisions. In tbe woods they could find nothing but papaws, lus cious at first but quickly cloying. For two days, wrote the sixteen-year-old Banvard, we had nothing whatever to eat but those awful pa- paws. The very sight or memory of one made me shudder. Then, on a Joy ful sunny afternoon, we approached Shawneetown, III., on the Ohio river, ' where we were advertised to exhlb.t I As we came In we could see on tbe bank a crowd of the people. Some carried chickens, some eggs, some yams, some potatoes, some "side-meat" (bacon) and some corn meal. Our din ner was In sight, for all those things were Intended as payment for admis sion at the door, and all were "good." Our stomachs hungered and our mouths watered for tbe feast; but alasl we were too eager. Working our boat toward land, we ran upon a reef and stuck fast Every effort to set us free failed. Darkness came on, and before our eyes our "house" disband ed and went home, carrying our sup per with It Discouraged and forlorn, we turned to our bag of papaws -for what con solation we could find, then went to sleep. In tbe nlgbt we floated free, and at daylight were In the woods again, eight miles below those luscious provisions. That was one of tho most awful tragedies of my life. Advice iu t'oust-Ulvers. The toast Is really a short address. Here, mora than ever, brevity Is the golden rule, says Benjamin A. Hey drlck In tbe Chautauquan. One other suggestion may be helpful; In giving a toast be yourself. Don't try to give a toast like this humorist or that mas ter of epigram; give your own kind of speech. But you reply: "I'm not a wit I'm Just a plain person, without any brilliancy at all, and I don't see why they put me down for this toast anyway?" Well, the people who put you ou knowyou wero not'brllllantand do not expect brilliancy from you. And it is much better to appear as a plain person who is making a plain speech than as a plain person who Is trying to bo brilliant and not succeeding. Borne mothers save slipper soles uDd spoil children. 1 5 t Opinions of OffcVil Corruption. HE great Governments and the great municipal ities of the worldhnve a problem before them 1 U I which at yet they have not I .vlili.li th.M nin.t fnort If tlti.v Ml 11 times of emergency of the elllolenoy of their igents. The growing hunger for money as the one absolute condition of endurable life, the increasing severity of the competition and the decaying abhorrence of suicide velopment of "corruption" In Its olllclal bribe-taking by officials, and of stealing from State and municipal departments. No form of protect the nations from It We have countries, because under our social which really governs has been taught to regard bribe-taking as a worse dishonor even than cheat ing at cards, and because those who suffer are absolutely free to complain: but even here, when the Government Is forced to spend millions suddenly, rings are formed to get some of that money, and the taxpayer Is fleeced through preposterous charges and Illicit commissions. It Is a great blot on modern civilization, which In many respects depends upon efficiency for success. Efficiency and corruption are wholly Incompatible. ruption produces only waste, and that but that Is a false view. Corruption, arrests the employment of the best tlons, for the whole energy of the corrupt Is devoted to preventing their promotion, or If they are promoted, to rendering their positions ut.tcn.ible. In the sccoud place, corruption makes energetic administration nearly tmpossl ble. for no Government ever loses the It; and to prevent It most of them "checks," every one of which occupies the executive officer, nnd Increases the load of responsi bility under which nt last he dare do nothing without pre vlous sanction. And, In the third place, corruption Is not only fatal to the very Idea of duty, but to the habit of performing It. A perfect remedy for corruption Is It requires a change In the motives of Governments cannot produce, and which at the pains to encourage effectively; palliatives might at least be tried. One who complain. Another Is to pay nil thing whatever to do with contracts at least decently, a rule often neglected In the case of the experienced but subor dinate men upon whose Judgment their less experienced superiors In matters of business compelled to rely. And a third Is to declare bribe-giving and brlbe treason severely punishable whenever It Spectator. Social Gravitation. Itn census proves Incontestable that the drift r I of population cityward reached Its maximum one years ago, aim lins ueguu iu rvecue. unii ne b.is said: "Hereafter the city and tbe coun try will march side by side, with even step." Even this Is hardly probable. The change of drift Is owing to economical conditions that will continue strongly to favor tho country. Population will still move out and differentiate from the masses. In fact the coming deal seems to be rather an evenly dis tributed suburbanlsm, covering tho whole country; while the cities will remain as ganglia. Following this Ideal the city will grow more country-like, while steadily acquire those privileges which longed to the city. According to n recent census bulletin, an Increase of 32 per cent during the last ten years, which Is about the average of the" Increase of the whole country. The relative gain of cities from 1SS0 to 1S00 was from 22 to 29 per cent or 7 per cent positive 1S00 to 1000 this Increase was only This tells the story with accuracy. It In assuming that cities will cease to grow, but that rela tively they will cease to grow as fast as the country. A potent cause for depopulating the country came In with Improved machinery. Farm work could be done with few er hands. A single reaper would replace ten men. Costly machinery could be profitably used only yet a single reaper might serve n dozen I GREAT AGRICULTURAL DISCOVERY Four-fifths of every brenth of air which the lungs Inhale la pure nitro gen. It Is one of the commonest of tho elements. And yet says a writer in Harper's Monthly, It Is the one thing for the lack of which wheat fields, cotton fields and corn fields are aban doned as "worn out" because it Is the most expensive plant food for mun to supply to the soil, aud one which most plants are unable to absorb In Its pure state from tha air. To remedy this the Department of Agriculture nt Washington Is preparing to distribute among farmers a substance resembling compressed yeast which will raise, not bread, but crops; for vihen applied to certain plnnts It will ennble them to take abundant nitrogen from the at mosphere. The "yeast" It really a mass of germs, which bid fair to be come moit efficient gardeners. It has long been known that clover and other leguminous crops flourish Iu "worn-out" soil, and when plowed Into It partially restore the fertility of it. Studying this phenomenon, scientists have found that In such a soil tho plnnts have nodules, little bunches or swellings, on their roots, which they do not have when grown elsewhere. These nodules are formed by bacteria called rndlocola. Professor Nobbe, a German Investi gator, found that lupines which had the nodules would grow In soli devoid of nitrogen. Without the nodulex the lupines would not grow. He obtained somo of the rndlocola from tbe nodules nnd propagated them In gelatine till he had many millions of the germs, He then put into three Jnrs equal quantities of sterilized sand contain ing no nitrogen whatever. In each Jar be planted beans. The first he fer tilized with all the usual plant foods except nitrogen. Tho second he (.up plied with the same food and salt peter, a form of nitrogen enslly ab sorbed by plants. The third he fed like tho first, and in addition Inoculat ed sand with his rndlocola. The result was extremely Interest ing. The beans all came up, and for a few days grew alike. Then the first lot, having no nitrogen, turned yellow nnd died, The second continued to grow in normal fashion, But the third, although It got no nitrogen In the soil, flourished far beyond Its neighbor, and developed a luxuriant nnd healthy growth, showing that tbe radlocola Great Papers on Important Subjects. fairly faced, but nn to innko sure for great contracts all tend to the de sense, that Is. of government seems to loss of It than most conditions the class from early childhood Some think that cor fol they can bear waste: In tbe first place. men In leading post heavy hope of preventing apply an luflnlty of part of the time of whlle for France bird to find, because the corrupt which society will not be but two or three Is to protect those those wlio have any - recclvlng a form of Is proved. Loudon i.omon Mill auove are certain to bo llchts to guide It flash of the nuns, also likely that the the country will have heretofore be 159 towns show Increase but from or to coerce the about 2 per cent. does not warrant us tlii. IThIImI XtnlP regard with entire hope for constantly on large farms. small farm owners these two sovereign had enabled It to draw Us nitrogen from the air. Trofessor Nobbe carried his experi ments much further. He showed that while In neutral soli rndlocola are all alike, once they have associated them selves with a given plant, as clover, they become very nearly useless for other plants, such as beans nnd lupines. Accordingly he has labored to produce highly specialized bacteria for each crop gardening germs trained to grow their speclnlty. Having done this, his next move was to place tbem In tho fnrmers' hands. He grew them by millions nnd pneked them In bottles of gelatine. All thnt tho farmer needed to do wns to dilute the gelatine with warm water, mix it with the seed and a little soil, partially dry tho mixture and sow It Tbe germs did the rest. There was much opposition to the new "fertilizer," and one old farmer who did not believe In It planted In a big Held n lot of the Inoculated seed In a big letter "N," Professor Nobbe having named the gelatine compound "Nitrogen." The .farmer was amazed and convinced when above all his oth er beans thnt yenr there stood out the letter "N" In luxuriant and healthy plnnts. Professor Nohbe's glass Jars are In convenient to handle, so tho United Stitcs Department of Agriculture, fol lowing up his experiments, has bit upon the "compressed yeast cake plan" as stmplo and satisfactory. Bmall Farms In Ilermuda. , The farms In tbe Bermuda Islands are not such as to Impress one with an Idea of the greatness of tho coun try. The Islands being extremely rocky, tha farms consist for the most part of tiny detached fields In tbe pleasant hollows, where the accumula tion of vegetable matter and of wash ings has made a shallow soli. In these llttlo Islands one sees flehls from the size of a parlor floor to that of two acres the latter size being uncommon. It Is strange enough to tho visitor from moro ambitious lands to see a patch of onions or lilies or potatoes only a few feet square bravely assert ing Its Importance In some front-yard or by the highway. But although these fields are dimin utive they are numerous, and the com bined output makes up a largo trade In Bermudan products in the Now York markets, for probably ntne-tentbs of the product, except bananas, finds a market there in spite of the duties, The lands vary wonderfully In price from very little for tbe exposed oleva- co operatively. So far, the Eastern States wcro at the greater disadvantage, the deserted farms were common throughout New England. It was wiser to go West with small capital, and leave the homestead to go back to wll- dornoss, rather than to remain nnd be, starved. This state of affairs, In aggravated symptoms, continued until near the close of the nineteenth century. A cause for the reaction which we chronicle. Is tho splendid Increase In the value of farm products, brought about by our having secured the world's markets. Commercial expansion dur- lug the last ten years has Immensely Increased tho eipor- tntlon of nearly everything that tho farm produces. Our fruits, our meats, our corn are now found In every market of the globe. There Is no longer any fear of overprodue Hon; we have only to Insist on the open door principle and fro competition. The farmer can apply his whole attention to the Increase of products, and the conquest of Insect and fungoid enemies. Agriculture Is proving Itself to be once more what It was In the early part of the last century, tho most independent of all tho Industries. Now York In dependent forts and Naval Attacks. NE of the surprises of the Fnr Eastern war is the failure of the fort guns to do more damage In the attacking fleets. It was a matter of faith ti. n,,iiwriti. thnt nni oi-n iiin .troiir est modern battleship could safely attack an effective modern fort, armed with long range guns. England Is at present making a even to take her Channel squadron 011 number of lougrnnge fort guns for the defense of her south "",' "V A . . to get his rubber bouts. As he ran l coast, aud It Is calculated that these guns will easily be '"r " other vessels be very near tu, nt , XMMuKi lllM , able to throw a twelve or thlrteen lnch shell across the w ,1w " lH)'"1 chance ol Ilnftf , ,., , ,,,, frolll Straits of Dover, so that It would not seem to be wortl lmm,ful f 'wnrt swim- , ,4U , . ,vl,,ow alK.ve the lad.Ur of port much les, tc , at temp to land In the face o u overwhelming attack. Hut this Is mere theory. The trull Is. that although the weight and range of th'eso guns havi oeen steadily Increasing tho human powers which are b use them have not shown, and are not likely to show a cor responding progress. While a gun can carry n shell ncros the Straits of Dover, tho gunner who could make a hit 01 twenty miles Is yet unborn; neither eyesight nor flncnesi of hand are equal to the task. Nor would the ntmnsphen permit It, If they were. Attacks by fleets are made by sen and tho sea Is proverbially untrustworthy In the matter 01 weather. Air currents, mists, uneven radiation, mlrngi and a dozen similar causes deflect the shot aud the vNloi which directs It. Moreover, no one nowadays Is likely ti attack a fort at close range In broad daylight. The Por Arthur bombardments were nearly all at night, and sunn of Uiem In snowstorms. It Is Intelligible that n ship a sea can more or less locate n position on laud, such ns tin 1 on Aruiur, over a iowh vm-rc iin-ri 1 somo lights at least; but the fort has no In locating the ship, except the momentar) which give hardly any opportunity for aiming. In tho case of tho Vladivostok bombardment it seems that the Japanese fleet were too far off to do an) damage, nnd. therefore, too far off to receive any. It l object of that attack was to draw tin Russian Are In order to locate their forts; tbe Itusslnn secmed to have divined this, and naturally abstained fron firing. Harper's Weekly. No Thought of Annexation. HE United States regards Canada at undi British Imperial suzerainty, an Independent sovereign nation, whoe title Is as valid as tha' of any nation on the globe. It has no though of nnnexliiK Canada aealnst her will, nor doe- It. Indeed, regard annexation as necessary 01 Inevltnlile. It Ih not slltlni? nn n' tilclita tu pon Dominion Into union with the Republic If ever Canada should nt her own will seek such union, wnlltil lirnlinMr lin mrdhillr ro.nniuiU-r Hut. If Canada never does seek It. the United Slates wll unanimity nnd satisfaction the prospect of continuing for all time to share this continent with an other great English-speaking commonwealth, and will onlj Increasing sentiments of mutual esteem and constantly strencthenlnir bonds of frlendshlu between nations. New Y'ork Tribune. . luc am.- ...... ... iii-nt; ii-l9 Ollii IIIMIl;.. niimuiH ui land on the Islands there are less Ui 11 n 10,000 acres nil told lias en forced a very high state of cultivation I of tho lands. The Islands comprise a ' prise a series of smart garden hollows, nnd tho hard.metaled, whlln walled roads, one hunting In tho woods to kill or In white, smug houses and profusion of Jure another accidentally. Tho Inw Is compact garden growth all unlto to the result of the many accidents In make tbe placo a dlmlnutlvo picture- which human beings were mistaken land. for animals and were shot. The pen an Comrades. Bobby was ten years old and alarmingly light-hearted nnd cnreless young person. It wns supposed, how ever, thnt he would be capable of es carting his grandmother to the family Christmas dinner, one block away from lier home, without mishap. He wns tall for his age, nnd he of- icreu 111s arm 10 nis granmnoiucr in a gnllant nnd satisfactory manner as they started off together. "I hopo he will remember that she N almost ninety, and not try to hurry her. I'm sure I've cautioned him enough," said Bobby's mother, ns she began to dress her jounger children. But when she arrived at tho family party It appeared that grandmother hnd turned her ankle and was lying on the lounge, "Bobby," said tho mother, reproach fully, "where wcro you when grandma slipped?" "Now I won't have that boy blamed," said grandmother, briskly, smiling up Into Bobby's remorseful face. "Wo came to a fine Ice slide, and he asked mo If I thought I could do It, and I told him I did. And I want you children to remember ono thing: when you get to be most ninety you'll count a turned ankle a small thing compared with having somebody for. L.t thnt vnu'vo outlived evervllilne l,..l llieumatlsm .and sitting still. Anybody that likes can rub this ankle a minute or two with some liniment hut I want Bobby next me at dinner, mlndl" TWO HdHSOIIS. Towne Got your tprlng suit yet? Browne No; I was thinking of a ntta nnr notinor Ann anlt IVImf tin you ilium ui 111 Towno Thnt sounds seasonable. Philadelphia Press. IVh.n .mnll ltw f.nt ,a Rnn.. caught In the pantry door it isn't tho jam he is looking for. Of course, the real test of a pudding is your Inability to sleep after eat ing it MODERN SEA BATTLES. Nona of the Pomp nnd 1'aatantry ol Notion'. Dny. Tho pomp and pageantry of sea war fare In Nelson's day, with lis stripped crowds of men swarming about tho encumbered decks nnd streaming llngt from very mast, have gone with tha towering ranges of stills and nimble tailors who leaped nhout nloft handling them even during tho height of bullle. The now tunn-of-war goes Into tha fight grim, unadorned and apparently procccdltur by her own volition, llkt tome unthinkable inarluo monster, Far mora terrible, but mercifully far more swift, will bo the conflict between hostile fleets In the future. There will bo scarcely any such thing as the tin- gerlng agony, long-drawn out, of tha old days of sea fighting. For one thing. modern Ironclad and cruisers going Into action will chouse the Icsmt of two evils confronting them. Hecnust of the deadly peril of splinters and of tire everything of wood In their tlttlngs, even to the boats, will bo cast away at the beginning of the fight. I Then, when tho battle Is Joined, tin "cauinn must needs have a heart of brass Incased In triple steel, n mind Hint refuses to meditate upon tho tin- mcllato possibility of one of those tcr- rlblo twelve-Inch projectiles plunging d""'" "P0" vessel's deck, and out amid the disintegration of nil her gang- llnn" of ngr, through tho bottom, rendering her an easy target to an un- Injured foo and her sinking a mutter of minutes. modern man-of-war will not, at anX rnt. Prolong the agonies of her crow whn "lle tcuttlcd. She will go down quick Into the pit In a halo of steam. whirling vortex of waves, and "' five minutes from he commence- "7 " miTs wiiose superliuuian struggl have wrenched them clear of the 1I0- , dowu-dragglng eddlcs.I.on i jj AWAITED THE EXPLOSION. MU.ourl l'lont.r TclU or I'lr.l tt.a ol Kero.eiia Oil. When the electric light was turned on here this week It recal ed, to U. M. Shackelford, a pioneer resident of the county, an event of IMS that cre.itcd far more excitement, rays tho Kansas City Star correspondent at Clareme, Mo. "I was running a drug store at Hhel byvllle, the county sent," said Mr. Shackelford, "and on one of my trips to St. Uiuls I purchased a couple of lamps and two gallons of coal nit. j When my fellow citizens teamed of the proposed Illumination something like a hundred of them assembled at the store to watch the anticipated ex- plosion. I didn't feel so safe inoelf, but as It was my show I had to faco tbe music. I loaded tho lamp ind turned up the wick. Then I gut a lung pole, and tied a piece of paper to tha end. Tha paper v. as lighted, ami tha crowd ran out and looked In at tha window. I reached the fuse over nnd touched off tha wick, without casualty. Tha boyt filed In and watched the lamp glow, with contradictory opln Ions. I bought several more gallom of oil, and I 'tried to Induce the farm ers to use it, but sold only one gallon "e year rollowing. I "Oil then cost f3 a gallon, and tho 'bome-mado candle was regarded as "cier ami ciicaper. ine inanuiaciuro Of Candles was tlirmil over to 1110 housewife and one of the rhldr n, Tlicre were molds that would liuld ,rom I0llr 10 " "n. ami ctcry raruu-r bai plenty of fat aud grease to mil:o ,ue canines, minuy iw mwui mo "a ",n" "'"K m mm the family a year, and they were laid evenly away In boxei. They furulihed a, ma fl.f mntnrv Mtrht nml I tiAl-Ar ttimril troul)le wltn tMr (.y,.,, An(J ,,pre wn, no swearing by the head of the homo about gas nnd electric light hills.' A Uw to I'rotrot Hunters, 1 Michigan recently passed a statuto which makes It a criminal offrnto fnr ally Is ten years' Imprisonment or u thousand dollars' fine. 1 phtinrn In tr.f tlm npw Inw rnmn at onco ,lurll2 ,,, ,,t op(,n ,cn,0 A man shot and killed another sport 1- man, whom ho mistook for a deer. Tha caso was Interesting In Its out comr Tho offending hunter was acquitted because tbe victim, clad In garments a0mewlint resembling a deer's hide, wni uneonsclosIy Imitating the move- menU of fleeB rteer ns lle ienpea rrom 0(f (o log ,n ,ll0 CC(lnr Vnmii. Moreover, such Is the grim humor of CTenUi u prove(j ,i,nt , vcllm wa, ,talulnK tle man who shot blm, under ,be Mme delusion; thus It was merely nueston wnch should happen to (hoot first A similar statute was enacted In Maine In 1001. It la almost linposslblo to convict any one under a law which makes a special crime of an nrcldent Tho principle at bottom of the law seems to bo tho old principle of crim inal negligence. Iter Opportunity. Nell Miss Hpcltz has been talking about you again, Belle Y'es, I was delighted to meet al .umul '. ,u "" cU-1 wouldn't think youd be Plc8,cd t0 meet her nt nny time. was IUIS lime. Ulirillg tue crush I found a chanco to give her a fcw Bood pokes on my owu aceount- 1'mraaeipnia i-iiimc i.ocigcr. Horrible Unite. "Wbatl" demanded her mother, "you haven't left your husband?" Yes," sobbed tho wretched young Wife,'tio Insulted mo Insulted me hor- .. "How? What?" "We were Just having n llttlo spat, and nll of a sudden he snld: 'Oh, you women! You'ro nil alike.' " Phllndol phla IfC"' When you hear ono woman refe to another woman of no us n glr', t a pretty safe bet' that she Is also car I rytng weight for ago. a hero or hie hour. J M.4j..Hl' i 11,. v.irlt lire department nil ncta 0f heroism nro compared with wbnt Jim McEvoy did that Huudiiy morning In May, 1MK1, when ha ear. rea bis partner, McNally. living torch, out of a burning tenement. A writer In Everybody's Mitgatlna tcllt tha story: a pot of lard boiled over In n bake- ,i,op n 1 1 1 0 firtt story of n New York Kntt Hide tenement, and In n few minutes the building was In llamea, when tha policeman rushed tniougii the house ho fuund moot of the tenants tctt. He hammered on door after ,lH)ri ntut u-eclug retreat cut off from Mow, commanded I ho frightened pen- to follow him to the roof. They ,11,1, n,t ,0 inili their escape through t,0 irultlot nrross the roofs and down ttirtitiicti tha neighboring houses to tho ,lrrot, Thru it was found Unit una , Cni,lnetmaker, had bout for- gotten. Trurk , to which McNally and Mc- Kyoy ipi0,)K(h1, hnd nrilvcd by Ihls lw Bj ni,fr was put up to wnrj t,0 window of tho ciiblnelmak. . ro))m (, nro had gained lcll lcn,,vnr ttsnt It was deemed mi- ta ,,, or,,,r tll nroiucn to mount , ,,,,, McNally found nut that ., , ,,, ,, building, .mil ...i.hn.n .v.itinir fr orders he mounted h M(1,r .nppcan d through tha window. , lnt onp ,,, Mm Kt w,lf ( n(tht cn,Ur ,,,, fl)r , t.mok wn( (llcK nl(, ,,, m.n,.,,,,,,,! Intense. ,i.,i., 1..,., i,,,,.,,,.,! i .imili then R1(, ,lcr4 , (or , ,,,, e,ance. M(.,:voJ ,.,, for lnlcki w,li h wa. round the comer. a face. McEvoy forgot his boots, and, running forward, he, too, climbed the ladder. window, from cmfwytaolni!rin(Tin,.fl:; Ho mounted steadily toward Ihn window, from which tho flames were belching as from a furnace. During an Interval when tho blast seemed less severe he caught tho sill and dived through. No one expected lilm to reappear, but In a mlnuto ho was back with what looked like a hugu torch In his arms. The torch was Mc Nally, who was aflame from head to foot. McNally, when he entered, had missed his footing aud fallen head long downstairs Into the fire. Never theless he managed to crawl up to tha window again, and It was nt tho moment when ho looked out Hint Mc Evoy had seen his faro. The Haines , had eaten through hts rubber coal. j and ha was burning up. To touch , him wat like hnudllng n hot brand, ' And yet McEvoy put hit hands round tha brand and lifted It through tho . window. "Somehow or other." as he says him self, ha managed to pass McNally down to where Shaughiiessy was wait ing, and together they got blm down, while tba stream from the hoie played on them to keep them from burning to death. McNally died after days of suffer ing. Ills courage had been equal to that of McEvoy, whose Injuries were severely burned arms and hands. Tim cabinetmaker, after nil, succeeded In making his escape from the opposite slda of the building. WONDERFUL COMMON NETTLE. Was Not Alnny lli Dr.iit.cd Wrrri Tlmt It U Now. Thrra was a tluio once when the common uettlo was not thn deiplscd weed It It now. People did not root It out of existence or shun It ns n nuisance, but cultivated It fnr use as food, for clothing and for npcr tnanu facture. It certainly dors not look Inviting as a food, and yet during tho Irish (amino hundreds of poor people exlited entirely on It, cooking the young plant as a xrccn. There was a method of blanching It by "earthing up," ns Is now used for'sea knle. Animals, while refuting to touch tliu growing nettle, devour It cngerly when mnde Into hay, and In Rutsln, Sweden nnd Holland It Is mown several times a year for fodder. Tho nettle lielongt lo tho genus urttca. That term comes from a l.ntln word meaning "to burn," nnd It Is m npt name. Tho sting Is hot ns n hum nnd most painful. , An old herbalist. Culpepper, says It "may bo found by feeling, on the darkest night!" Tho common naimi given to tho net tle In somo languages menus "lliut with which ono sous," fnr tho fiber wns used ns n thrend several ccnlurlo ago. In Kamchatka (ho natives use the thread for fishing line and cordnge. In France It la used for paper. In Hin dustan and China It Is woven Into grass cloth, and the Scotch have pre pared, spun nnd woven It Into ns gojd linen as the flax makes. When King Cotton went to Europe n century ngo tho now-romer superseded tho home-grown plnnt, nnd It sank Into a state of neglect, until n few years ngo, when tho Germans made an effort to revlvo Its culture. Prof, renlenux begged the peoplu to turn their attention to the stluglug nettle as a thread producer, nnd Mini amo Itocszler-I.nde tiled, In 187.1, in rnlso It on her own eslnto. Hut sho could not mnko tho stupid pcasnuti follow her orders, for they scorned tho plant and her Ideas, Later, In 1R7T. sho succeeded In exhibiting nottlo liber Iu nil stages, from llio beginning to spun yarn, nnd it wns n great triumph for her. Immediately Switzerland, Poland, Sweden, Austria nnd North America hastened to grow nettles, nnd tbe noses that had been turned up as sumed a different expression. The Chinese ncttlo yields n fiber 11s soft as silk, nnd there Is now In Dres den a "China grass" manufnc'oiy, do voted to the Industry of weaving cloth from this and tho common nettle, Somo men look to sco If tho tldo li coming in before casting their btcad upon the wnlcr. After tha matrimonial knot Is tied there is always a lighting chanco for happiness. P.