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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (March 27, 1903)
A Tale of tlio Early Settlers
DY AUSTIN C. DURDICK
Several 1 1 i i i fj liiul Louise siiggcalril Id
Lappa the Idea of her looking out nlimit
I hi- ttiwn, lint alio liml hern I II Ti rf il i-il Hint
II would not lii safe. Tin- j 1 I nrgrrss
was linn iiii.I uiiroinpriiuililng, liiil yrt
kind mill rniisldrriitn ns fur ns licr rnie
uf licr charge's welfare win rum crned
Loulso 1 1 it I ntlt moiiio ' x it in Inn I tun of llm
house In which aim win 1'oiiflui'il, mill fili
una mitlalli-il Hint alio could nut lampo
from It without much Inlior nnd trouble.
It win mi I Im tin It ilny of lnr nnjoiru
there Hint lu unit n nuixiil from n lit of
dceii thought liv tliu ciuraiict. of Klmmi
I.nlmU. Ili ranic In with n wnnii suilhi
lllioii Ilia fare, and after sumo rrmarks
iimiii Louise's Improved looks, lit tuo'i n
"cut by her nlili'. Hliu illl not shiluk
from lilm, nor dld she seem nfrnld of
lilm, lint with u kern guru nhn filed hrr
deep lilua 1-yi'H upon lilm.
"Hwcel m l ii." Iin said, In n toui' of
rilrcme softness, "why was It orderiM
Hint I ahoulil Im III" ono to sine J ml
flinii thu Jnwa of death? Why win I
' "Surely, Hllniili, It was hei'iiine you, of
II ulli.'n. were In ituty liotiiiil tu anvu
mi'," ri'pllt'il l.mil"''.
"Hilt how ail?" llm lull! naki'il, with
alight start, hut quickly rccovirlii; lilm
.elf. "Wli), liwiiiii' to joii my father gaio
mt In rhnriti'. Dcrmise you linvi" refilled
n handsome salary tur tnkliiK care of
"I ahoulil any Hint you liml slmwii nil
rally disposition in throw off tin' yoke uf
"Ah, how an?"
"Your UWII arllsu will It'll Jul liuw,"
KIiiiuii responded, aonicwhiit bitterly.
"(), I meant mi play upon tin' piinl, my
ruiialu. Hut t lie it inn arc my niur rela
tive, yuu kiuiw ninl hence you ought in
"And this la I lie grnlltudti you feel for
thu service 1 hale iloui' you."
"Now, Hllniili, you ill'l Hut na'i mi how
1 fell. Vou only nskrd Hi" why It wnn
) oil were singled out to sine nil1. Moat
truly, for nil of good you linvi' i-vitMouk
Hie ilu I fill moat duly grateful. I'or all
your acta of kindness to hie, you bote
my ili'i'P arknowlrdgniriit."
I.uImiU (wined for I lie tnomrlit mm
pliis.rd ly tin- iifMmiid manner In whl. Ii
lie was thin fur nut, lull hit forces were
(Kin In ordrr again, nnd lie nnt'Wiil thi
"Louise, you reineinb. r the run von .Hun
vrr mill had In the sillily?"
"IVrfrrlly. H mull. And mil rcliirin
Inr the nnawira I g,no?" r.pllul the
"Vra I do ri'UH-mlii'r them; I have re
inrmhrrril tlirm eicr a. me. And now let
mi- assure you tlmt I look upon thl
strange event na mi opportunity grunted
liy hen nn Itarlf fur m tu usk those
uuratloua iirvr ii u.i In."
"Simon Uiliula! Are J oil In earnest?'
"I nm. A lulu aiirli na mini' t'linuot
li rrnmpi'd hy tin' null of one In it
view. It hits lurll i lic.lilinl ton Iouk,
liml Ima U'ioiiik ton ilrrply rooti'd, I'Vum
olio Ivan luri'd I niUht hniv turnd uwny
midrr u eh n rrliuff, hut nut ft mil )uu.
No, im, l.iinlx'; I liuw nuiii' now to na'i
tlmt iiuratluli men III. Itriiiciulicr now
tlii di'ht you iiivi' nil; rrmrmhrr the dull
lilo I u I in I now limit"
Duiitil.. ililm. .Simon?"
"Ay a iloiilili- rliilm. I'lrat, tile ilnllil
rraullliiK from thv rnrv I hnvi held for
you alncv 1'iirty rlilldliuod; nml, aiKOiid.
thla Inat rliilm fouudi'd In thu rry an
line of jour life."
"It wna rurloiia tlmt )ull aho.ilil hnrr
Imtii thi' onr to mivtf ini wnaii't ItV"
mid Iiulrr, luokliiK Into hrr rompiinlnu'ii
fnee with mi I'lprcaninn lip could mil nu.i
lyir. tlioimh he tried hard to do ().
"It wna," lie ri'tillrd.
"And tlmt yuu ahuuld hmr Inndrd Juat
In Hint plucr. tcoV" nil railed l.nulv. wild-
out rrmutlnif licr i-luac unit' fioiii In r
Inrk loualnn fmr. "And hnw atrnniti
(hut they ahuuld hnre rnmpv.1 dire, tly
liy thu liont lumlliiir. while thv wlillei
would Ik aurv to romv If I hey rroaarl
tho Uko wnan't lit I'aprrlnlly when Mr
conaldrr wlint repute they Imve fur
Rhri'wduraa and riiiinlm:)"
Hlmnn IaiIkiU wlliceil nt tlili. nul n
Pfrrrptlhle tremor run llirousli his
frnnie. Hut ho recovered hlnuelf with
an 1'ffort, In n few- momenta.
"It la atrmiRP." ho nnlil, "mid I hnvp
often aald to alnrc Hut I ran air In It
only thu opportunity of prratlui; my
claim tu your lieiirt nml hand now wlih
norv hopra of aucrvai. I must nak you
now If you will necept tho henrt mid
linnd I offrr youV"
"Hiiiiou IaiIiiiIi, you know I rnnnnt dn
It," uttered Unilae, In n linn, fnink tone.
"llewnrr, Ixiulaul I nak you kindly
now. I ronfraa my lovo and I Leg of
)ou to necept It,"
"A hualiand'a lom from you I Dover
can nrerpt, Klmon."
"Think rnrvfully ere you apeak,"
"Hut what menu you? I have thought
rarefully, and haw niunlly na rmidldly
told you that yours I ran never be. Now,
what more ran you nnk?"
"I shall ask but little more," returned
Hlmon, through hla art teeth; "I nm now
111 n pualllou to eiiminniid."
"Hpeak plainly, monaleur."
"Thru, plainly you luuat ho nty wife!"
"Hut I ahull Dimply apply tu tho lluv
itrnor." "That will help you none, for IVrler
Ja my friend, anil hua pledged nm hla ua
.alatance." "Hut ho will listen to tho prayer of a
"Not when that prayer In prejudicial
ito the Intercut of hla friend, Ilu la mix
Jou Hint all thu marrliiKenhlo fcinplea
mhouli! bo iiiurrU'd na noon an poaalblc. Ill
abort, my ilenr coiialu, lie liaa pledged
mo hla word nn a man, anil an an ottlcer,
that you ahull bo my wlfo. Now whut
"I aliould rertnlnly nay that he win n
(treat rouudrcl, rutin noil I.oulae, ro
IfuriirnK her rompinilou with a (lied look.
"Vou nre cool, mnilcmolHrllo?"
"Hecnuao I do not believe tlmt yon can
bo In enrurat, muualeur,"
"I am In onruuat, Loulael and, muro
over, you go not from thin place until
you an my wlfot Do you midcrntauil
"If If I thought you could meuii It,
Hlmon, I ahould begin lo bo alarmed,"
null) tho maiden, In a tono that would
nreni to I ml I en to that alio did not really
credit tho atntemrnt she hail heard,
"I do menu HI" ho replled( slowly and
"Simon I.obola, look me In tho eye, and
ussuro mo solemnly that you menu what
you liuvo suld," I.oulao spoko thla la nil
earnest, enger tone, with her linmU clasp
ed and half raised towards her dark
cousin, nml her lips (irmly compressed.
It was Homo moments beforo Lobols
replied. There was aoiuetlilng In tho
loop Mil yo thai was (lied so earnestly
upon him, and In the rnlm, earnest fc
lures thnl met hla gnie, that moved him
more innli lie mid roillltcil upon. IHJl tnni
Im wnn not iIik itt n n to break down now,
I In wna not the innli to ulve un thu frill
Hon of a hoiw Hint ho liml rhcrlahrd with
Ida very life for yeiira. Ilu wiln pbi)lu
for n gulden atnko of Iniinenae mine,
now Hint he held tho lending Iniiul
iiftt n t to iiau It promptly, mid wilhou
rompriiinlao of nny klml,
"l.inilaii HI. Jiillrn." lie at Irnglll
Plli'il, "I meuii Just what I hum said
Vou go not from this hoiiau until you m
my wlfel From thla purpoau I will not
A iiulrk lliiali piiaaed over lh girl'
fnee, nml hrr lip iiulvrird, A moment
the thought of apiirulng tho wretch wn
lireaeiit with her. but tho Ihoilghl. moa
prnlinlify, uf hrr ilrfriiaelras poaltlon kept
hrr loiiguu iiudrr giinril.
"Hlmon," alio murmured, nfler n whllu
of allriire, "you will not Im ao rrnrl
"And la It cruel lo want a bmutlfu
girl, whom one loves, for n wife?"
"Hut "lull mil yuu wnut with a wife
who cu u inner low you in rrtuinr
"I'll trnch ion to lovo me."
"As well might you tenrli mo to lot
thu grent rrorodllo I saw the noldlrrn
phiylug with In tho atrri't thla morning'.
" I licit I II tenrli you tu fenr me!
"Vou'vu done Hint nlrcndy, monaleur,
"Ho much thu better then; you'll mind
me the iiulckrr.
"Hut why why ahould you do thh
"I'll tell you," apoku Minion, tiiriiln
with ami. leu eniphnala mum tho girl
"Thrro la no need Hint I ahould pretend
tu deceive you, nor rould I, probiibly,
I tried, I'or liiiiny yenra I liuvo Ii it
the rhnrgo of your father's books an I
liuiluraa. loll know hu la wealthy more
wenlthy tlinii any other trn nun In Hi
roloiiy. When ho rnme here lulu thin Joy
forankin wlldrrueaa, I cnino with lilm t
help hliu. The thought eniun to mo, na I
beheld your mind ripnndllig under my
rare. Hint nt aomu fiitllin ilny I mlgl
poaarai) your hrnrt mid linnd, mid thu
the half of your fnlher's forluuo would
bo mine. Ho I nlrovo tu make ou nil l
rould, nml tho properly I multiplied n
fnat na possible. I hu wrnlth tins griiw
in bulk under my rare, nml nuw I lim nut
ready to glto all up. I am not willing
are the hopes of a lifetime blnsltd Juu
from the mere whim of n raprliloiis girl.
"Hut ilu you think my fnlhrr will allow
his properly to full Into your binds win
ho knows that I married you from nb
lulp compulsion?" cl id tho fair g.rl
en rues! ly.
"Ilu cn n no I well help It. .lie rnnno
cut mo off without cutting you off, too.'1
"Hut he will delniilnl a illssolutlun of
the union between us."
"Ilu! ho rnnuot gain It If ho dues,
nm prepared thrrr, ami I know Hi
ground on which I atnnd. The king Im
empowered the company tu frame domes
tie rrgulntiona tu inert tho wnnta of Hi
roluny, mid I hey hnvo already passed n
resolution that every an lie, aoiind girl, u
ai'triilrrii yrars or upwards, shall marry,
If proposal Is made from a respectable
Ay but tho payment of a hundred
livrrs ran reiuom the obligation."
"So It mil. Hut no power cun niiinil
the mnrrlnge He.
"Tin n mark mo, Hlmon Lobols! I will
bid my father Hint lie let mo llm in pen
ii ry ami want, for, na your wife, my son
row will hnvo rem bed ita rllmnx; so J on
ahull not thtla gnlu tho gold you covet.
"And mark inc. I.oulsu Ht. Jiillen
While your fnthrr withholds tho half of
his fortune from you, I will reduce you
tonurli aurterliig na shall fonr me to bin
you to prci nil you from taking jour own
life to nil your tortures!'
A few' in, inn ula of allriire mailed, and
t tun Simon said. In n softer tone:
"Hut let us drop this prolltlesa tnlk
Vou will consider of this, ami I know you
will calmly settle tliiwu Into a atatu of
rrnaoiiulde iici(iilosrciice. Nuw give mo
a direct miswer. Will you become my
wife without nny further act of coinpul
"I should Judge you hnd henrd enough
tu know my mliiil.
"Hut I would know If 1 must compel
lull. .Mind, now I My resolution Is hied,
I lime counted the tost, nud nm rtnohetl
upon the throw. When wo return, you
limy tell Jour father, If yuu please. Hint
I 'compelled you tu Ih-i'iiiiio my wife, but
I ahull nul care. Me cannot tuko you
from me nfter the church has bound you
tu mi', nml If he socks otherwise to harm
me, he will only heap suffering upon tho
head of hla own child. Vour father gnvo
me permission to seek your blind.
"I tin not Ih-IIoiu It, Hllilou."
"I care not for your belief. That he
told mo so Is true, mid now I haw sought
you. Will you bo my wife?
"We shnll see."
And wllh this, the wretch strode from
It waa nearly dark when Klmon I,obol
left his captive, and the poor girl waited
in vain for thu coining of her supper.
Homo time during tho night !io wns
startled from all uneasy, dreamy slumber
by hearing n heavy tread In her room.
Thru alio looked around and found two
stout, dark-faced men by her side.
Lome, uttered ono of them; "we nrti
In n hurry."
In a gasping voire, IamiIio nskeil what
"Never nilnd only get ready to follow
us as soon us possible. W o I liml bet'
ter quarters tlitui this for ye,"
Iionlso asked no more questions, but
quickly putting on her scarf mid draw
lug It over her head, sho announced her
readiness tu accompany them. One uf
them took her by tho iirm, while the oth
er, who held tho lantern, went on In ad
vance, they descended the stairs to Hie
street, mid having passed the distance of
two squares, they stopped In front of a
gloomy looking building, with ono small
door on the street, but no window. This
door was opened, and tho girl led in.
ntraiglit on alio went through a long,
narrow passage, n distance of over ft hun
dred fret, and then sho was stopped be
fore n door not more than two feet wine,
formed of three pieces of solid hewn tim
ber bolted together with Iron. This wnn
opened, and I.oulsu was pushed in, and
tho door closed upon her. She listened
until sho could hour the sound of her con
ductors' footsteps uo more, nml then she
searched around for some place lu which
to Ho down, or, at least, upon which sho
could sit down, At length sho round a
low pallet with some bedding upon It,
ami on this sho rested,
Hhe slept some, for alio was astonished
when sho opened her eyes and found
stream of sunlight struggling Into tho
place. Hliu looked up anil found that
there was n small aperture near tho top
of tho wall, about a foot square, but
sho could not look out from It. Tho
room was small, with walls of hewn tim
ber, and evidently built for n prison,
Loulso knew how easily money could hire
olllclal aBslstnnco lu tho colony, and lienco
sho wondered not that Lobols had been
able to obtain thu usu of this place.
Tho forenoon passed slowly away, and
noon eaino, Hunger and thirst begun to
nOllcl tho helpless prlsouer, ami tlio hands
weru oftencr clasped lu Bllout supplica
tion. At length, towards tho middle of
(ho iflcrhoon, tlio door of tho ctil wn
aliened mid Hlmon I.obols entered.
"Hlinoii," uttered Hut prisoner, "whn
"(Ian Jim hot guoss?" wns his rnlm
"Dn you mean thla as a mentis uf fore
lug me In marriage
"Vou'io hit II."
I.oulao sank down upon I lie pallet an
clasped hrr hnmls,
"I cannot stand this," she said,
"Thru iM'roiiiii my wife."
"Is that thv only ullcrnntlrcY"
"And lu no ulher way call 1 get cleat
of this plaro?"
"In no oilier."
"Ilrlng mo water."
"Will yuu be mine?"
"I will allow tho marriage to be sol
"And you will go before the priest nn
bo legally married tu me?"
Hlmon I,obols started with demoniac,
"Vou shnll havo food nml water now!"
ho cried. "And you shall have n faith
fill, loving huahniiil. (), Ionise, you "
"Hut I am famishing now, KIiiiuii.
Away Hew llm innli, and in n short tlmo
) returned with soinu cold milk nml
"Vou tnke It more cnlinly Ihnn I hn
expected, Lotllar," Hlmon said, as he
gniod Inquiringly Into tier enlni, pnle fare
"If I am calm, muualeur, it is not
rnuan I am happy. I liml myself in your
Power, mid I hnvo assured myself tha
I am powrrleas to rsenpt, you. I lime
relleclrd and pondered deeply upon this,
nud nuw Hint my mind Is mndo up,
mil nut the woman, or tho girl, lo make
myself uselessly miserable. Hut, mun
slriir, you do not see my heart; you do
nut sco the iillrr wreck yuu have made
there. A deep, dark sorrow, surh as the
a. ml utterly crushed, and tho heart all
broken, ran only know, Is mine. If you
ran In' happy lu knowing the work you
haiu thus wrought, I ahall not ruvy you,
I mil look with hope tu the life of tho
euinnrlpntoil spirit; you know best
whether you rnn ilu the same."
There wns a deep, touching pathos in
this speech that moved the hnrd hearto I
mail more ttinu he ilnrrd nckuonledgo.
even t himself, and ho tried tu banish
"I'ouli!" he littered. "There Is no need
of your speaking so, fur yuu shnll bo ns
happy ns n princess. I will always love
toil nlwnys It' faithful.
A look of utter I'ontrmpt stole over the
fair girl's tnro ns alio gnzrd Into the evil
features of the bad man. fur she knew
liuw hollow nil his pretensions wi re; and
she knew now, to'), what wicked means
he had used to bring her within his pow
er. (To bo continued.)
BUTTON OR BUTTON HOLE?
A Oiitstlon Hlmllar to that of I'rrce-
tlerico of Hen or Ivieic.
Once upon a time u case wan brought
before n learned Judge. In which the
question nt Issue wns ns to whether the
button was nindo fur the buttonhole or
tin- buttonhole for thu button.
Counsel for the button bold that It
wnn so plain us to render argument Ml
prrlluoiiH Hint the buttonhole wna made
for tlio use nud behoof of the button
Ht 111. for form's nuke, lie would glvu u
few reasons why Ills contention was
thu correct tine. It was nppnreut, lie
wild. Hint without thu buttonhole the
button would bo utinblo to perforin Its
function, nud lienco It wan plain thnl
the button preceded tlio buttonhole.
nml that the latter wns Invented lu
nrilrr Hint the button might be of hit
vlcu to mankind. It should lie clear to
I'verylsMly Hint liml It not been for the
button tlio bultiinbolu never would
burr been thought of. Ita cxlB'euic
necessarily prcsupiiosed tho existence
of the button.
The lawyer for the other side wns
equally positive In Hit- stand be had
been employed take. He nvcrrcd Hint
tlio buttonhole preceded Hie button;
Hint, lu fact, the button wns merely
nn afterthought. Hu said that, ns
every one knew, the buttonhole enn be
employed without tlio button, ns wit
Hess I'nrincr Juues, wlio Invariably
uses u null or silver uf wood Instead of
the conventional button, wlierciis It
wits Impossible to uiiike nu effective
use of the button without the aid ami
assistance of tliu buttonhole. IIcucu
It wns shown beyond peradventure
Hint the buttonhole was of greater Im
portance than the button, nud It win
natural to Infer that tlio buttonhole
wns first Invented nml Hint the button
enme Inter, simply na nn orunuictit, or,
nt best, nss nn Iniproveuieut upon the
mill, sliver, or other Instrumentality
wberewltli the buttonhole was made to
perform Its iiuiy. in snow me rem-
live value of tho buttonhole and tho
button, bo wtlil. lko ,llls nlo ex-
nmple: When a button comes off the
buttonhole enn still be mndo service-
able, but If the buttonhole Is slit open '
ttie tuition is oi no uu uuivtvs. ..
tills tne ICIiruetl rtimmci ivdu-u ho iuou,
allhoUKli ho claimed that bo had not
exhnusted the subject.
When the court cnuio In nfter recess,
the learned Judge promptly decided the
rase In favor of tho buttonhole clean
ly a Just decision, although It waa
whispered about the courthouse that
tho decision might hnvo been different
but for tho fact Hint whllo changing
bla linen between adjournment nnd re-
assembling of the court his honor bad who arc distinguished ns brilliant com
dropped bis collar button and hunted mandern of ships aud of squadrons,"
for t without success inr nun uu uour,
nnd perhaps might never have found apropos of the departure of enlisting
It hnd be not steppe 1 upon It. Hut, of parties for the navy, to cover tho Mid
course, this suggestion cnuio from the die West nud Southwest,
linrtlsnns of tho button, nnd may fairly, "i mean by that to convey forcibly
be Imputed to their disappointment nnd
lmgrln. Huston Transcript.
London la Improving.
Year by yonr Indon becomes not
only mote nnd more a city of flowers,
but nlso n city of doves. Around every
building whero It Is posslblo to keep
pigeons one sees constantly Increasing
Hocks of theso pretty creatures, nnd
thcro could not bo n more ornamental
nnd delightful addition to town popula-
on. lu tlio sunlit spaces wnero tney
light aud feed the soft rush of their
lugs and the peaceful sound of their
oolug ninko the most restful contrast
to the harsh noises of tho streets,
menis mat experience win eiuoree, cer-
MoUIhb th I'olnt I'l iln. 1 tain to glvo us the llnest mau-o'-wars-y
do you call your sister 'M s- mcn , worlJ uns evcr secUi A b
cry Jolinnyr nsucu air. iiirner, tuo
llttlo boy's big sister s beau.
eomp ny. . . a
"les-or but I dont seo wnat tnat
has to do with It. you know."
Don't ?" and tho smnll boy grinned
all over. "What! 'AIn t y" never henrd
.Misery loves cuuip uy, our run
Oniric Marriott. Ihr author of "Tho
Column," In now finishing a new novel
which Is entitled "Tho House on tho
"Old I'nlhs nml Legends of New Iln
glninl," by Knthnrlne M. Abbott, Is
shortly to appear wllh the Imprint of
I'. I'litiiain'a Hons.
Or. I.yinan Abbott Is now at work
on n ologrnpliy of Henry Ward needi
er, which Houghton, Mllllln & Co. ex
pect to publish next Heptcmber.
.Murk Twain Is making haste to put
thu finishing touches to his papers on
Christian Hclcnrc that n book may be
innilo of tlirm for early publication
.Miss Alice Drown, the author
".Meadow Grass," lias written a third
novel, "Tlio Miuinorlnga." Tho action
pusses In a country house and Include
u double love story.
Th author of "The Htory of .Mary
.McUine" Is at work upon n new book,
It Is said to be qulto different lu char
ncter from tlio llrnt one. and to be
written with more reserve. It Is dim
cult to Imagine what form the girl
Ideas will take now that sho Is tw
years older and has seen tnoru of tho
Henry Holt &. Co. hnvo In press for
luimedlnto publication a handbook on
Money and Hanltlng," by Professor
William A. Bcott, of the University of
Wisconsin. While Intended primarily
for educational use. It will be service
able also to the busy general reade
who wishes a clear statement lu com
pendlous form of the llrst principles of
The little magazine which the Hcrlb-
ners have published for so mntiy years
under the title of tliu Ilookbuyer, ha
ecn transformed and given the title
of the Lamp. It has been made a lit
Ho weightier, leading off with an ur
tlclu on "Jlacauluy'B Klrst Ussay." by
rrofessor Wilbur I,. Cross, nud the
department called "The Humbler" has
been relegated to the pages at the
John iMDe will soon publish a novel
ny Mrs. Wilfrid Ward called "The
Light Hehluil." Mrs. Ward Is u niece
of the Duke of Norfolk, the premier
Ilrltlsb Duke. Her father waa James
Hobert Hope Hcott, the parliamentary
Hamster, and n close friend of (Had
stone. He came Into possesion of Sir
1 niter Hcott'a home. Abbotsford. by
tils mnrrlnge with the romancer'
granddaughter and sole descendant,
Miss Lock hart. .Mrs. Ward's childhood
was passed at Blr Walter's home. Hhe
published nn earlier novel some time
ago. called "One l'oor Kauiple."
PETRIFIED rOSSIL riSIIES.
Iteccnt geological research has dls
covered n series of wonderful fossil
Holies among the Minle deposits of Wyo
ming. Their original forms have been
somewhat flattened and changed. They
measured from IX) to 30 feet long, and
were lu life exceedingly ravenous and
nngeroiis. That they fought among
theiubclvcs Is almost positively known,
for a specimen has been taken from
the rock the stout back plate of which
had been completely crushed In two,
bearing in Its solid bono deep Imprints
nud gashes which tit the Jawtlps of
this species, which had Jaws set with
bristling row of teeth. These for
midable creatures arc found along with
thrrs In what are known as the "Dad
.nnds" or fossil beds of the West.
mis wuoie section wns, ages ago, a
great lake, which, through changed
geological conditions, was drained,
leaving tho mighty monsters of the
deep to sink nud become burled deep,
away from the destructive elements
nf ,. iP nn.i ,iai. n.i nnlmnt. tit,
1 1)tDK 8UCC0SSVC Inyi-rs of sediment
Itinturn bns thoroughly embnlmiMl nml
prcgcrvf4, tIloIr remns these millions
.... ..,.. .... .,.k of , ,.,,
illmter has cut aud chiseled out thelr
THE NAVY AS A TRADE.
Secretory Moody Points Ont lti
porttinltlea for Young Men,
"Not only tho man behind the gun.
but the man behind the coal shovel, the
man behind tho wheel, the man In
frout of )he englue, and, -not by any
weans least of all, the man In front of
the galley range each of theso Is the
subject of solicitous thought by men
snia Secretary of tuo Kavy Moody.
that each of the ninny trades, callings
and occupations which constitute the
Industrial life of a modem warship Is
'being scrutinized for avenues of Im-
ilrnViniiit! Hint there la a mui.i,.,!
nl;d comprehensive effort being made
to improve the conditions surrounding
tu0 enlisted men atloat, an efTort which
uas already bbrno such fruit that I
think I am Justldcd lu saying that In
uo navy nre tho conditions of comfort
which surround the men of the navy
0f tho United Stntes approached.
"Tho system under which tho navy
department Is training material for
crows Is, I believe, If continued along
the present lines nnd with the Improve-
rom j5 to 17 years of ng0 wno entcrs
nn apprentice at $0 a month
ves n good Kngllsh education and
thorough training In seamanship. He
i... ..prtnlii nreferenccs In the matter
or rutliiir. nud may easily, by good con-
UHCt aml continuous service, work his
wnv lm through successive ratines.
.which will glvo I
him from $30 to $05 n
mouth; tho latter pay, with tho quar
ters mid rations', equivalent to nt least
fH." n month In shore einplumnit. Ho
Is allied nt nil I lines, If he evinces nn
ambition to perfect himself III his pro
fcsslon, by Instruction on board ship
ami in special school established for
the Instruction of pelly olllcers nnd ad
vanced senuieii, and Is eligible under
certain requirements to take tho exam
Illation for warrant olllcers, positions
ranking next after ensigns, ami with
pay ranging from $1,200 In the first flvo
years of service to $1,800 nfter twenty
years of service, wllh allowances and
permanence of position and employ
ment that mnkes the rank quite ns sat
isfactory in n financial wny as n very
large proportion of tho better-paid po
sitions ashore. There Is also tho possi
bility of securing a commission as en
sign, n possibility Hint has been real
ized within the past year by nn ex
apprentice." Washington Tost.
-H"H"i'4"ti"H t I I I 'l l "!.
Wnys of People
; : Who Steal Dors.
, i - , , I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I 1 I 1 1 TIT,
Dog stealing In London has Increased
to a very large extent latterly, and the
professional dog stealers, of whom
there are many, arc having a very pros
perous time. A well-known West Knd
veterinary surgeon explained some of
tho methods of the dog stealers.
"These mcn," suld he, "are by no
means ragged loafers, but well-dressed
persons of some address, many of them
well off," says the London Express.
"They find out that a well-known so
ciety lady or gentleman has a dog
which Is taken for a walk dally. They
cultivate that dog's acquaintance with
surreptitious feeds, and then one day
the man And himself round a corner
nlono with the dog, aud the theft Is
"Hometlmes a decoy dog Is taken out,
especially lu case where It Is desired
to steal an animal of the larger kind.
Kensington Gardens are the happy
bunting grounds of the dog thief and
scores of pets nre there stolen from
their owners. I should say from my
knowledge that at least fifty dogs a
month are stolen In the West Knd
Generally speaking, a lost dog can al
ways be recovered If one goes the right
way about It. For Instance, I pot to
know a dog dealer who, though he
would never steal a dog on bis own ac
count, must, I am morally certain, be
lu touch with those who do. A client
comes to me with a tale of a lost dog
aud prepared to spend money to get It
"I go to the dog dealer, describe the
animal, and ask him to keep his eyes
open for It. Very shortly be comes to
tne and tells me for what sum he will
be able to produce the dog. Sometimes
negotiations go on for months. Where
rewards are not forthcoming, or where
the police are hot on the track, the
stolen dogs are sent down to Club How
In Uethnnl Green, where there Is a sale
every Sunday inomlng."
SADDEST KIND CF POVERTY.
Mental Destitution Worse than Lack
of Bpendlnir Money.
No other form of poverty can com
pare with mentnl destitution. Though
a man own neither bouses nor lands
nor money, yet. If be has a cultivated
mind and a broad mental horizon,
the door of his Intellect has been open
cd wide, so that be drinks In beauty
and Intelligence wherever be goes,
aud If be has developed his sympa
titles bo that he Is In touch with life
at all points, he has found the secret
of success and happiness.
On the other band, If a man merely
accumulates millions of dollars, though
he own broad acres and live In n pal
ace. If his mind has been starved. If
be Is Intellectually poor, he will know
nothing of the world beautiful In books
he will see nothing to ndmlre In nrt,
nothing to soothe or elevate tu music,
says Success; If he has been wholly
absorbed In crowding and elbowing
his way through the world to the to
tal neglect of his- higher nature, In
splto of bis houses and lands, bis pala
tial residence nnd all his costly sur
roundings, be Is the most despicable
and pitiable kind of pauper.
Saving money and starring the mind
s the poorest business that any hu
man being can possibly engage In,
Wear threadbare clothes. If necessary;
sleep In a baro attic, If you must; sac
rifice legitimate but unnecessary
amusements; do anything In reason
rather than starve your mind. Feed
that at any cost short of Injuring
A youth who has learned the alpha
bet has tho key to nil power. He can
make royal Investments, for mental
Investment Is the greatest any ono can
make. It Is a form of wealth that will
stand by one when panics or other
misfortunes have swept away proper
ty, when friends fall away when the
wholo world seems to hare turned
against you. No matter what hap
pens. If you have a rich uilud, If your
Intellect Is a storehouse of precious
knowledge, you cau never In reality bo
Doctors havo Invented a new form
of bubbles. Neuralgia, sciatica aud
lumbago are known to be affections
of the ends of the nerrcs which lie
Just under the Bkln of tho painful
region. It has been discovered Hint
br Injecting air under tho skin tho
ends of the nerves aro lengthened aud
tho pain relieved. The bubble of air
s pressed by the lingers and caused
to move about until all parts are re
lieved, lu dislocations, fractures nnd
bruises the same treatment has given
relief. London Globe,
A Timely Hint.
Tho beggar had a notice up, "Deaf
nnd Dumb," and tho passing philan
thropist stopped In front of blui.
I'd like to give this mau something,"
he said to his companion, "but how
am I to know that he Is deaf nnd
Head the notice, sir," whispered thf
beggar, cautiously, Chums.
"How would you like to bo a bug lu
that $38,000 rug?"-Cleveland Plain
Soiuc men pay small debts for
purpose of contracting largo ones.
C.OI1I. harvesting q Ice for n city
I such ns Montreal Is no mean
proposition, even In tho nlrttract.
but for a moment wo will enter Into ,
figures and sco Just wlint It means.
I hero have been harvested In tho
city during the present winter some
thing liko 100,000 tous of Ice. .Multiply
this liy 2.000 and we nrrlve nt n total
of 3W.0fW.(XJ0 pounds Divide this
Into tho population of tho city and
outlying districts, nllow for the neces
snry waste, nnd It Is found that every
man, woman nnd child consumes In tho
neighborhood of COO pounds during tho
year. However, a great deal of this
consumption Is Indirect, as It were, for
in these figures come tho restaurants.
butchers and other large consumers of
Ice. The calculation Is n fair one. bow
ever, for sooner or later the members
of the community benefit thereby.
The Ico upon which Montreal de
pends Is drnwn from several sources
for Instance, the Hack Itlver furnishes
some, tho St. Ijiwrence below Ht.
AMD nAn IS PLAY.
Mary's current tunilshes more, while
the river opposite Nun's Island con
tributes by far the larger share. The
Ice In this latter locality Is beautifully
clear and Is now being harvested as
fast as men enn cut and teams can
The process proper of procuring Ice
begins with the removal of the snow,
this being accomplished with horses
hitched to scrapers. Next comes a ma
cnine xerrueu n mnrner. which Is a
series of teeth set at given Intervals.
Tho teeth nre so adjusted that they cut
at Intervals of forty Inches and again
nt twenty Inches, the width nnd length
of an ordinary cake. A cutter, consist
ing of a scries of big teeth, set one In
front of the other. Is then run over
these marks by means of hprses, mak
ing the cuts some five Inches deep.
Next the saw comes Into play. In
the old days each cake was sawn, but
experience has proven that Ice, If prop-
erly bandied, can be broken-very read
ily with a sharp iron bar, thus saving a
great portion of the necessarily slower
method of sawing.
The City Ice Company's merTlu place
of sawing the Ice Into comparatively
small enkes content themselves with
going through It with the toothed In
strument at Intervals of sixty-four
SlIEAItt.N'O OUT TUG BTRITa OF ICE.
feet, cutting through only the short
way. This raft, sixteen enkes long
and four wide. Is then broken off tho
inn In body by means of bars and with
sharp Ice hooks, set In long handles,
the men conduct It down toward the
skid, one end of which Is hi tho water
and tho other ending In n long plat
form, set at a convenient height to load
the sleighs without any lifting to speak
of. At tho foot of the skid tho mcn
tackle the Ice raft with bars again
breaking off the cakes which go flying
up tho skid propelled by a team of
horses, bitched to a long rope. Tho
rest Is all easy, for the sleighs stand
U018TINQ ICE UT STEAM rOWEH.
there waiting for their loads to tako
over to the houses.
Tho work of tho Ico harvester Is not
unlike that of the lumberman, and one
shares tho dangers as well as tho fas
cinations of tho other, That it has Its
fascluntlous Is shown by tho fact that
ICE IIAnVrSTERS AT WORK.
uno honry old grny-beard told Hint h
had been cutting Ice cvory wlntor for
twonty-flvo years, and ns ho worked
the saw up and down through tho
blocks of blue crystal ho really ap
peared to enjoy it, nnd that too In
spite of tho fact Hint tho wind was
blowing keen nnd strong over tho Ht.
Lnwrenee. making tho footing any-
thing but secure.
A cubic foot of Ico weighs flfty-scv-
rn and one-lmlf pounds. Cut that Into
quarters and tho result Is four very
small pieces, hardly sufllctent to fill
nn ordinary Derby hat four times over,
nnd still each will weigh upward of
fourteen pounds. Montreal Star.
JEFFERSON DAVI8' OLD HOME.
Ileauvolr Mansion to IVcome a Itetreat
for Confederate Poldlera.
Ill all the fair southland there Is not
a place dearer to the hearts of the
Southern people than Ileauvolr, tho
late home of Jefferson Davis, President
of the Confederate Slates. This homo
was recently purchased by the sons of
Confederate veterans and will soon be
come a home for Impoverished Confed
erate veteran Boldlers.
Deaurolr Is the most beautiful and
Imposing place on the Gulf coast. It
wns settled and Improved by James
Brown, a wealthy planter, who was lav
ish In the expenditure of bis nbundant
means In building and beautifying bis
home. Oaks, cedars and magnolias Tie
with each other In adding charm, and
the long, gray moss fills In any little
details tbat are lacking. The mansion,
ns It was termed. Is as good as It was
the day It was built, over CO years ago.
A gallery 80 feet long nnd HV, feet
wide borders the building In front and
on the sides, and ends In wings tbat
- jt .
ltouE or JcryEnso.-r iiavis.
arc entered through tall Venetian doors.
The ball Is 10 feet wide and opens at
the rear on a wldo gallery, on which
the wings also open. The room to the
right as the hall Is entered from the
front was Miss Winnie's room. What
u Mecca this room will be for the veter
ans, and how they will cherish every
thing tbat belonged to the "Daughter
of the Confederacy."
Equally distant from the mansion.
east and west, are quaint llttlo cot
tages. Originally there was only one
room In each, surrounded on the four
sides by wide galleries. Later one and
two sides have been Inclosed, giving
two additional rooms. It Is about tbo
east cottage tbat the principal Interest
centers, for It wns In this tbat Mr. Da
vis studied nnd wrote, and where MIbs
Winnie did much of ber early literary
work. The main room of this cottage,
was Mr. Davis' private library. The
walls are lined with book shelves, and
little gallery runs along the upper
shelves. This was reached by a small
ladder. Near the fireplace Is where Mr.
Davis' desk stood, and the door beside
It Is spattered with Ink thrown from
his pen when he was writing his book.
"TITe Itlse nnd Fall of the Confederate
Government." The enst room has been
enclosed, and In this room the chieftain
wns wont to recline nnd rest on a sofa.
Hack of this was a tiny room where
Miss Winnie-wrote. It Is a real girl's
den, and Is yet quite characteristic of
the former fair occupant.
Tho west cottage was occupied by
Mrs. Hnyes, the older daughter, and
her children when visiting her parents.
The Ileauvolr home was bequeathed
by will to Jefferson Davis by Mrs.
Sarah Anna Dorscy, of Louisiana.
Origin of the Military Salute.
Of military salutes, raising the right
hand to the bead It generally believed
to have originated from tho days of
the tournament, when the knights tiled
past the throne of tho queen of beauty
and, by wny of compliment, raised
their bands to their brows to Imply
that her beauty was too dazzling for
unshaded eyes to gazo on. The offi
cer's salute with the sword has a dou
ble meaning. The 0rst position with
tho hilt opposite the lips. Is a repeti
tion of tho crusader's action In kissing
tho cross hilt of his sword in token of
faith and fealty, while lowering the
point afterward Implies either submis
sion or friendship, meaning in either
case that It Is no longer necessary to
stand on guard.
Things that Make ICnglaniL
Tbo recent elevation of a certain En
glish nobleman to tbe peerage was
made tho occasion of a presentation of
sliver plate from his tenantry, with an
address of congratulation. Tbe oldest
tenant on the estates got up and said
that he had himself attended seventy
rent audits, and that bis house had been
lived In by people bearing bis namo for
2G0 years. It Is llttlo things like this
that make England so sturdy, substan
tial and permanent, In comparison with
the nervous, volatile, unstable life of
A Cerebral Haiulow.
Sharpe A Dalttuioro man Is busy or
ganizing all tho Joko writers Into a
union; I wonder what kltul of an em
blem they will use.
Whenlton Why, a chestnut, of
(And Immediately tho Ico-naclc was
replaced about his fevered brow.)
Death Unto of Si, l'olersburg.
St. Petersburg has tho highest death
rate of any Europeuu capital,
When a toper stops drinking It may
bo either to bis credit or to his lace