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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 6, 1903)
ATaloof tlio Early Settlers!
Y AU8TIN C. DUROICIC
"Hole, Hliiioii,'" inli'ii'il I ho mil rijtila.
turning Inward hla ii i- iln-vv. "don't
loincmber HiMip.in Hi Di-nlaY our timi(
(luiipnrl, j used lu rutnn mill shout
my game, iiihI frighten you with Ida Kim
"Ah-nyeal" nii Id Hlmon, arising and
mnllliiK with mi effort. M. HI. Duila.
jour litiinlilu ni-rvn ii I . air. Wo nn happy
til see you muting u nun. more."
(Imipiirt Hi. Denis liml once, lived very
near til Hi, J ulloit'n country resldi nee,
nlnl ii in on nil the youthful visitors lu
wua by fur the moat welcome. 111 f ti (ti
er wns n ruiiul nml n giulh man. nnd
(Intipnrt wna n whole-souled, noble boy.
Ill tlmav (In) a, Irfiula nlnl l.nulo with
merry rlillilri'ii, mul llm alum (luiipnrt
Used lu piny wllli them liuiir nflcr hour
nlnl day lifter tiny. Ami III llmao ilnya,
tin). In' uainl In curry lliu luvi'ly little Krll
III lila ii r ii i. nml In. unfit In It'll her thill
aume ilny aim slni'ilil bo Ilia wife; mill
tlicii she wniilil laugh mul i lap lii'r 1 1 1 1
itlliipli'il lunula, mill aiimolliuoa aliv wimlil
tilui'li lila check ii il. I li.ix lila I'lir, nml toll
li I HI alio ahiiiitil In. similiter, nml ii'iil.l
pillilali lilni limn. sotcrvty when she b"
(HUH' lila wife. Hut Hi....' ilnya with giiuo
now, mul while (Intipnrt liml unly put on
n very little more manhood, Louise liml
growil flnlil n Ihuuithtlesa child lu lv
wry bountiful maiden.
"Hut liuw la It, (joupnrt?" asked I hi)
liinrqula, nfter Mil pnrty liml bocumo
dim. "Wlint brings )iiu lii'iu lulu llila
"Of a truth, my ol.l friend. I came tu
seek my fortune," ti-lurmil the joung
limn. "Yiiii kuuw my fulhiT lost lila nil
In hla meddling III the nlfulrs of Hiulu,
mul when liu illi'.l, throe yours ago, I
fun n.l lujsilf mil uuly iilono In tin' wurl.l,
I. ill nearly penniless. Tin' lllll" cslnlc nt
Hoiatine, III Lower Mnrno, wna tho imly
thing left. I aulil II, nml after paying oil
nil iti'iumiila, I fniiu.l myself the owiut
u( tin1 I'liurmiiiia aiim if im tliuuaiiiul
francs. Wlml aliiniM I !? '1'lint wuul'l
pot lint mo n in. null If 1 rrmnlm-.l
amongst my ol.l n i. In l" . Tin' Inat of
my father's wealth lu lust III l.nw'a great
Mlaalaalppl scheme; nil. I now llull I wna
lift alnuo, 1 wna not lung lu turning my
eyes hllliiT. At New Orleans. I hoard
Hint n Murqnls llrloii Ht. Jnllcii liml sol
lied up here aomi'nhiTi'. t think I miit
IiAVm Ihtii crniy for awhile after recclv
I lis thla Informnlliin, Imt "Inn I ill. I real
ly come to injaclf. I started, mi.l hero I
"Hut illiln't Jim simw li' wo
In-ri'V naked thi' mnriiila.
"Why. no. I thought you with In
"Vr hero we arc!" crlr.I the oM mnn.
Joyfully, "nml now we will live uioraoiuc
of tin' h.ippy days ngnln."
"Ay." added Coupnrt, "mul forget nil
tin- ilnrk oiu'a."
After thla, thp conversation turned up
on affairs In Ihe native rountry. mul for
llimi lioura thu mnniila kept hla vlaltor
answering questions nml retailing tin1
nvwa of I lie pnat all yrnra. Il wna nt n
Istc hour whrn they separated, mul with
tears ill hla e)ea, Hrloti Ht. Jllllrll rnllisl
upon lii-n it'll lo lili-aa hla joiHU filtnJ.
ThiTc wua aonii'lhlni: lu tjoiiimrfa pn'a
imt' Hint hml i-iillitl up I In' tirluhtiT tin) a
of hla pnal lift', mul hi wna Inippy III lliu
hopo Hint hi' inluhl Livp llm ) unlit n
Itiiiii M'lilli' with lilni.
Irfinlf ri'tlri'il to Iiit rlinmlxr, nml for
n whlli". uuly il hrlnht Joy aii'iim,! to innvv
her! hut lirmluitlly Itrr tliouiihta aii'iu to
Inli' I". in- aiTloua turn, for Iiit iiiunle
limirii ili.iirii'il to n aotiiT. Iliiiuithtful
tnt, mul with her hnmla itiiai'i'.l upon
jirr lioaoiti, alio ton til Im t In-n.l, nml lima
ho ri'iuiilui'il for n Ioiik Ml.', tin. color
of Iiit fni-o clintmlng llki- Ihc ili-rpi niit.
twlllitlit. Hut thiTo wna mm inori' whnui wi' hii
an'ii nlTifli'il hy the yoiuiif lunu'a prt'
iiHp. Hi moll l.i.lmla ritlritl lo hla rlinin
l.cr, mil for aoum Hum ho pni'itl up mil
iluwu llir npurtiui'iit with ipilfk. iiitvoih
alrhloa. Hla fiuu ahnwi'il Hint lie wna
III nt rnm il 111 Hit ili'liililili: of tht lunula
ni'iui'.l to apt'iik of il wnr within.
"Whnl hrouuhl him UrrvY' ho iiiuttiTi'il
to hlmat'lf. "Now we'll hnve more hoy'a
piny nml nionkey-ilniu I in:, nml II will nil
mil In hla fnlllim In love with Loulao.
Aii.l If he ilni'i "i. mi.l ahoul.l nak for her
iinml, I inn Dimply aure Hint the ol.l miiu
woulil till him jea. Hut wlint iloea alio
wiint with the jotllli: lioplujiij? I ll In'
nlieuil of hint. Ami If I ah.iulj lie-lie
who trenila uii)ii lliu m.iy Ireuil upon tlnli
eeroiia urouuill I.el them hewurel"
The niaruliiK of tlio next tiny tlnwneil
lirlKliHy. nuil at an early hour, (iiiupnrt
mi.l l.oul wero nntlr. Tlio Intter took
lila frleml nil over the hullillliKi, ilniwi-.l
iilin tho (lefi naei, mul woulil hnve pnaaed
out throiiuli the nurtheru Kate hml nut tho
mnrqtila Jolneil them Jtiat na they I'anio
out of thu alnblu lemllni; two huraea Ly
"How now, you youiik rnaenlal" crletl
the uhl man. "Aru jro tfolnit tu run off
with my horMeV"
"Not nt nil," returiii'il St. Dentu, with
n merry IiiiikIi. "We were biiIiib to let
the horae run off wllh ua. Hut we
won't ko now, uuleaa you'll kd with ua.
Here, l.uula, holil thla nulliinl of initio
while I help your father to and.llo hla;
for I Know he'll love tu rnrid tho freali
ulr heforu lireakfuat."
The oh) limn Joluoil In tlio plmi Joyful
ly, anil ere lonif the tli've were unlloplns
off over the country. They IiiubIio.1 nml
nhoutetl merrily on the way, ami thu for
eat rnni: wllh tho erhoca of their Kind
volcea, Win n they returimil to the houae,
they fouml l.oulso upon thu pliinu, her
fneu rmllnnt with amlleil.
Hlmon I.oliola hml lieeu n apertntor of
thu iiiornlnK'a aporta; nml when Hie party
nt ilown to thu tnhla he wan allent mul
mooily, Kevernl llmca lie trleil to lilile
hia euiotlona, mul finally lio no far iuc
ceeileil an to eiiKiiifa lu tult nn milmntetl
eouveraatlon. After the meal was ilone,
Hlmon took the first opportunity to cull
thu ninniula onu nlde, nml aa hu Miilil thnt
ho wheil lo hnvo n few monunta of
pilvntu conversation, the uhl limn retired
to hl library, whither Hlmon followed
him. . ,
"Now, what In It V" anked Ht. Julltn.
nfter they had both becoino aeated,
It was Homo niomenU beforo I ho
ncphow roplli'tli but nt length, lio nremetl
tu collect mental furcea, and ho com
"SI. Ht. Julleii," his volco trembled nt
flrat, but It itrew more steady na ho
went on, "I hnvo now been lu'your fam
ily n loiur while, aiu my ntlnclimenta
have heconiu ntroiiK and llxeil. HU year
alio you tilaced your children under my
charge, and I iiavn done nil I could for
them." , ,
"I kuow I know, Blnion," uttered tho
old man, "anil I liaro told you n thou
sand tlmea how Rrntcrni i was."
"Vi, und your Bratltudu Jm been
n rlinlca lilealn tn mn. Hut remember
thu lio lira 1 liavo apeiit tvllh thuaa two
"Ami haven't they been happy hours,
"llnleeil they hnve, air, bfcn very hap
py ones, lint, nlnst Hut tlioiiKht hits
often been wllh Inn uf Inlo mut they
nil i inl lu mlaery nowV"
"Mow, Hliiioii-mlaeryr iitleretl tho
maniula, In aaloiilahmeiit, "What mean
you? Do you fear that I am ifulnjf I"
I in n ynu n wnr 7"
An liiatmilniicotis llnah of ilellnnce pnaa
eil over the youiiKer mnn'a face, hut he
revealed In. no of thu ft'elllill Hist liml
kIii ii It birth.
"No, no," hu replied, "I illtl not fenr
Hint. Von do nut umlcralnlul me. Ilo
meiiiher, air, Hint l.mil.i Ht. Jullen Ima
liniHii up under my enro Hint I line
ecu t'lii'li opi nliiK ln-n illy na it hna Krml
unlly eiiinmled 1 1 nil f Inlo life, nud en.h
bud of promlau I have sieu lib m Into
thu full Hue. Hlie has now itrown lo bo
n wounili. Think )uil I haw seen and
known nil thla unmoved? No, air. My
licnrl Ima been enmihl In Hie aunre uf her
hnriua, nil. I I mil but na nn oulcnat now,
If I poaaeai) her hot for mine own, , You
uuileratiiiid me now?"
1 1 rl.ili Ht, Jullen iluileralno.l, but lie
iiin.il. nn reply. Ilo started wlx'ii I lie
truth Ural broke upon him; nml when Hb
mini censed spenkliiK hu mo.e to hla
feet mid commenced to pneo the room.
The nephew wntched him for n inoinilil,
mid then. In n tune as soft nml perauna
lie ua ho could naaume, lie reaumedi
"llellect calmly npmi thla, my lord. He
mcinber, you are itruwlnif oldl your chil
dren are yet yiiunu "
"Ton yomiK fur thla, Hlmull," whlaprf
ed Hie iiinniula. "And then I mil nut old,
either I mil but fifty lire-thnt'a all."
"I know," puraiifd thu nephewi "but
l.i.nl.i' ia nut yuuiiK Hit id I ii . 1 la that
of n wouinii."
"Hut you nre one year over nnd aboru
double her onu our." il!iteile. I In- par
ent! "nlinnat old ciiiunh-y, fully old
ciioiikIi lo be her father."
"Ami yet I inn not old, nor hnve I yet
rent'hed my prime, only tlvennd-lhlrty
)enra, Hut vi lint of nil thla? Hpenk
plainly, air, nml let me know )uur mind.
(Inly remember Hint I Inivu nut auuitht
your tlnimJiter'a aotlely. It hna been
forced upon me, nml I could nut nvuld the
reault. Ah, air, I cnnii.it think J ml will
Now. lo apenk the t rut It for the mnr
1 n I tit- hml mil tin. full'at coufldiTi in
Hlmon ljbula. He knew Hint hla ui'pliew
niinl.l work well fur pay. but In- hml Iota
ilmilitiil the trillh of Ida heart-the pure
lieaa uf hla luutlvea: ami what was lilur.'.
lie had iiioiiiiTit when he almoat fenred
him. Thla Inner emotion wna n aurt of
dim, vaitue worklui; of mliul, without
point and nllli.mt ahnpe: but Jet It
worked, nml hml Its Intiili lire.
"Hltnun," he a.ild, "whrn I left l''rnni-e.
I left nil lite rutltli, iiaeleaa uaneea of
xH-lety bihliiJ me. nml ln ru I reaulrcil tu
furin n woil.l of my unn. I'lrat nmuiitf
Ihc uilternble fttlaeliuoila of old amlety. I
til t-n lit lu cnal nwny Hint plnn which
makes the mnrrlnk'e of Hie child a work
of the parent. When my child la old
cnnitKh to marry, alio la olil cn.nisli tu ae
tect her own huabaml; nud umll aim la
olil inniik'li to il e her own Juilcment in
Hint reaped, she la nut nl.l rlnnidi lo per
fnrin Hie dtlllea of a wife. 1'piiii Hie mnr
rinse of my ihltren liny dipt n.l the
whole wenl or woe of their earthly fu
ture. Much l.tlni: the rae, I inual lenvti
them In rliiKiae fur themaelvea, only hop
liu; that they will seek my coutiael, all I
llateii lo my ndvlce, ao far n my Judc
mcnt la Kuod."
"Whut nm I to understand by thla.
sir?" naked Hlmon, not able tureiueul lila
".Simply Hint Iulnc may chooio her
"Hut yon will cxercl.e mime authority?
Von will apeak lu my behalf?"
"i'lrat. I would know If the girl cbooaes
"Iinl but you might Itillucnce her
"Not now. Hlmon."
"Vet juu isjlll apeik one wordr
"Why o aooii? Iiul' la young yet.
Why. bleaa J ml, nun, there'a some 1 1 mo
jet miiiii jeara ere ahe'll be of lawful
".Vol ipille n year, sir."
"I in i-i it ere she'll lx able tn ilo buil
no., as an heiress. Let the matter rot
"No, no I cannot. I cnnti.it live In
doubt. I in J t kuuw what my fnto Is tu
"Hut what la to be gained by this
haste T Limine must be free' yet, unless
she may reciprocate )uur own love."
"Ay." cried Hlmull. hotly ami passion
ately, and speaklug now without thought
or fnu.hlt'rutlon: "but how long Is this
10 bo so? How long beforo this new
Hedged popinjay may scire her with the
fire of his cje. and iulluence her to lovo
11 I id ? He Is here, ami hu Is likely to
stay here while "
"Hlmon l.obolsl" spoke tho marquis;
sternly and quickly, "ou know mil wh.it
you say. How inc. sir, or I may tell Jon
a truth that shnll grnte upon thine ear.'"
"Hpenk, sr spe.ikl" uttered Ihe
nephew, still under the Inlluenco of pas
sion. "Let me hear all."
"Listen," Interrupted the marquis, "and
you shall hour. I took you to my home
pennlleaa. Only remember you thla: His
Count Ht. IK'iila was one among Ihe few.
very few. true friends 1 ever hail: ami hla
only son has Inherited all lila father's
good qualities, all Ills nobleness of soul,
and all his virtues. Aud mark me, I love
Uoupart Ht. Denis. Vet 1 will speak ono
word more since you haw brought thu
subject up; and I hope this may be the
last time that need shall arlae of nlludlug
to the subject. When 1 caino here, you
begged that I would tako you with me, 1
olfeied you u salary of four thousand
francs n year In mouey, besides your liv
ing, to come nnd keep tho bare account
of my business, ami throe thousand more
to teach my children. Thus far you havo
done your duty well. Havo I not dons
There was something In tho look, thu
tone, and thu words of the speaker, that
struck a transient feeling of nwo to HI
inon's soul, mul In a moment he conceal
ed all truces of his auger. Ho found that
them wns much of the old blood yet left
lu tho old noble, ami lli.it hot words
would only servo to blast his own hopes,
Ho ho lusumcd u repentant tone, aud
with a mure modest look, ho said:
'Torglvo me, sir. 1 meant not to speak
111 of any one, hut my toiiguo ran a way
with mo. Out of my deep love for your
nolilo child sprang a drendful fear when
I saw Ht, Denis come. Hut may I nut
speak with Louise? May I not nslc her
to be mliie?"
"Of courso you juay,"
"And It she saya yea?"
"Then I should simply bid her follow
her own wishes."
Hlmon Lnhols thanked lila uncle, nud
then left Ihe room, and when ha was
alone, his hnmls weru clenched aud hla
brow was dark,
All that day did Hlmon Lobuls natch
fur an opportunity to speak alone with
l.nulsn. und It was not until towards
.evening that ho gullied thu wlshcd-for
opportunity, alio was siauuiug iu mu
hall, her brother nnd Coupnrt having gono
I dowu to tho river, while tho marquis wua
somewhere among the blacks, giving di
rections for tbo next day's work, Hluioa
touched tlio maiden upon tint arm, and
asked her to follow him lulu tlio study,
as he wished to apeak wllh her s imr
ineiit. The beautiful girl amllvd n reply,
and laughingly Hipped along by lilsj sltls
tv thu designated npmtment,
''Louise," he culnintlieeil, In a very soft,
winning toni mid ho loutd spenk veiy
sweetly,, loo, when hu chose- "I want
you to listen lo m ciiiulldly, now, and
weigh well what I shall any,"
"J low now, gnoil iniislerY" cried Hit
happy girl, with a merry twinkle of tho
eye; "mil I lu tnko a lesson for nut get
ting unn tu-dny?"
"No, no. Llalcii, nml be wilier, for 1
would bo serious. Vou know how our
lives hnvu been spent hern for the last
six yeors, and how we have moved about
III our llltle world here lu the wilderness.
Vou hnvu been my constant companion.
Then Hlmnii Introduced thu same speech,
word fur word, Hint he had made to Hi
parent lu Ihe morning, shout the cxpninl
Ing benulli'S ami budding prumlies, and
hu ended lliuas "And now wuiiinnhou I
has come upon you wllh lis loveliness and
gumlimsa all nobly devcluped, mid my
heart lias beebmu captive, and Is all yuiir
"Hum! Hlmull, awrct cousin, I am glad
you line mel" said the innld With a
"Are J mi, Ixiulse?" the tutor cried
eagerly. "(), and will ynu b mine?"
"He yours? He your wlint?"
".My wife, most luvely glrl-my wife!'
Loulsu Ht. Jullen gured for some mo
mollis Into Hlmim's face, and then burst
into n lung, loud laugh.
"(), you do nut mean so7 Vou are not
In earliest?" shu uttered, for she could
not at II rat realiio It.
"Mean It? Du nut, any you? Louise. I
do mean It!" This unexpected turn hml
thrown him entirely from his studied
"Mean to ask me to In- your wlfer
spoke Ihc fair girl, glilng inch word a
pnrtlciilur emphasis, mid spinklng with a
pause between elery one, as though sh
woiil.l hme mi mlsuml.Tstun Hug.
"Jlnst aaauiedly I do. I luie ynu na
the very cure of my sunt, nnd 1 ennnot
Insu jou now. How can I help loving
you? How should I be with J oil thus as
I hnve been, nnd not love you? O, bless
ed niie, jou will not crush me mjiv!"
"It doesn't seem possible!" she uttered.
"Wake up. Hlmon: shake yourself, and
see If you have mil been dreaming this!
I be yuurn wife? Why. yuti are mure tit
for my father. Don't speak an any more.
Hlmull, for jo'i'll frighten me."
"Ami can thu love uf a true and faith
ful heart frlghtm you?" he naked.
"Most assuredly not. Vou mny lovn
me ns much as jou please as an on.y
coiislu ought to lore, or as n fnther ought
lu love. or. yet. ns a faithful leailn-r
ought In love a dutiful pupil: but If you
talk of luiirilnge lo me ally mure. I shall
i,'rtnlnly Hiiuk ynu are cruiy. ami then,
uf course. I should be frlghti lied, fur I
urn afraid uf craxy fulks. Don't talk so
to me nny more, or I shall surely Ihiu'i
jour brjln la turned."
(To be ionllnueil.1
DEER JACKING VUTH TUGBOAT.
tlnlil ir Clinnc Thai Came to u .Mnlno
l.u.l Who Wns Out lor it".
So fur ns Is known the first Instanco
tin record of n deer being Jacked by an
ticenii-golng tugboat happened on tho
last day of open time this year on tho
shore of l'orl Point cove ut the mouth
of the IVunliM-ot Itlcr. The cove Is
n general exchange for fch'pplng hound
upor out of the river. 1 1 Is here that
the ocenu tugs drop their tows fur tho
river bouts to take to llangor und heio
they come for the Ice b.irges re.idy for
sen. The country lu the vlc.u'ty of tlio
.oe Is sparsely settled nnd on the
western side begins the vast range of
forest which extend for m'lis ncrixi
Hancock nnd Washington counties.
Deer nre plentiful farther b.uk, but aro
rarely seen near the shine.
It wns nut for n dier that young Juil
sun Perkins loaded up his father's old
musket wllh n handful of slugs and
went down to the shore after school.
It wits, it seal upon which Judson had
Intentions. The small river or bay
seals nre plentiful In the cove and nre
n great post to the fishermen In rabbins
their nets nud wells of the choicest of
the ciltch. A boy Is considered lo h.ivp
wou his spurs when lie has shot a i-eal,
for Its shyness Is reuinrknble. The crow
la dull In discovering the presence of
danger compared wllh a bay seal. And
so It happened that Judson wns down
on the shore with n gun that afternoon.
After waiting and watching lu xnlu for
his quarr)-, he started for home In Uio
He wus only n few steps from the
shore when n big tug shot lu by the
point nnd played her searchlight upon
the licet of schooners nnd barges nt
nnelior there. Then the big rny search
ed nlong the shore until It cntight Jud
son full In the face. Turning; nhout to
nvold the blinding rny, he lookid to
ward the woods and saw n s'ght which
rooted lilni to the spot for nn Instant.
There In the path of the big, white
rny, with head and nntle.s nlwve a
small bush, stood Ihe tlnest buck deer
seen In those parts forjears.
The deer seemed fascinated, standing
with gleaming eyeballs and quivering
nostrils, trembling. Judo:i qu'ckly re
covered his wits, raised his guu and
llred. At that moment the light went
out, but nt the report back It came and
dickered back nnd forth like n dog look
ing for a scent. Had the nieii on tho
Imnt been a little nearer they might
hnve seen a boy standing over n big
deer nud curing nt It ns If he roiild
hardly believe bis senses. As soon ns
he wns assured that the deer was really
dead he ran to the hout-o ns fast ns his
legs could rarry him, but bad desper
ate work to tnnko the hired man under
stand that It wns n lond for tho steers
nntl drag. Judson Is probably the only
hunter In Maine who over shot a deer
with the nld of n TiOO-ton steel ocean
Pills as Illg ns Duck Mggs.
A wanderer from the flowery king
dom recently died In Melbourne. It
transpired nt thu Inquest that ho had
been trojited by n Chinese physician,
who gave hint pills each the size of a
duck's egg. There were said to bo
forty dlferent IngredlontB In the modi,
clue. Including blood, grasshoppers,
fishes, bone dust, clay, dates, honey,
sawdust nnd ground-up Insects.
Scientists have discovered Hint the
memory Is stronger In summer than lu
winter. Aiming tho worst foes uf the
memory nre too much food, too much
physical exevclso, and, strangely
enough, too much education.
Tlio Dramatic Crnio,
Mr. Kljlt Our friend llpleure has got
out a new cook book,
Mrs. I''IJIt Tliut'H ntooj I It going to
ho dramatized? Ohio Utalu lounml.
IIIvN one c peaks of lomimro
led with Ihe i-Miti iiU ut
mil M'-i 1 1 1 1 -. llm cuiini'i Hon
limy Mom sonii'K'lint remote Hut It
Imi'I. Then' nro wmnb ra nml licnu
Hch of vegetation coiii i'iili il In Hie coal,
with the glory nnd fervor nml mm
shine nt days Hint ilnwin-il whin tint
citrlli una young. And whllo tluno
innrvcls nre not npparent nt u casual
glnnci', they nre not no deeply bidden
ns to bo visible only tu the lenrnrtl
tnlli'Tilbiglst working In bis well
equipped liiliiirnltiry. A llt'lc mmriiil
dexterity rend.ly n--quired n micro
sciipe, nml n mnileal amount of s'ttdy.
till. 1 rOHNII. CAI.AMITK BUMS.
me nil the preparation need il to in
iiblo onu to unfold n record not made
' by human bunds, nud tu reveal beau
ties of niro excelli nee. And there Is
history mncriitrnlid to n degree
which comprehends the nctlvitles of
millions of yours In the piece of min
eral you tuny hold between your Hn
gern. C'nnl tells much nlioul the enrtli
' wo live on nml delve Into, nnd nil It
I Imparts happened long before there
wna a human being lu existence to
tnko nolo of the terrestrial cntnsirn.
plica conipnrcd with which the might.
i wui:ni: Tin: homani l ok coal
lest upheavals of present times sink:
Into absolute liislgiiltlcauce.
Coal Is a mineral. It Is carbon. It Is
nbout the only source of enrbon on
earth available for the extraction of
metals from ores, and their subsequent
I transformations. Millions ot yenrs
ngo It grew. In the literal sense. That
period of the earth's existence Is styled
, the carboniferous. Mnn wnsn't duo
for millions of years. There were few
vertebrates of any sort on land. One
.of the first to make his bow was a
chap shaped like a frog mid as lilg as n
smnll ox. And bo was amphibious;
1I011EILN CALAU1TE AND CLUB
that Is, not particular vbether ho
swam lu the water or moved about on
lntid. lie had relatives, nud tho whole
tribe went by tho general nnmo of
lnbyrlnthodnnts-tho name being of dl
meuslous to correspond with Its benr
ers. Then thero were scaly, alligator
like reptiles, nnd the smaller fry In
eluded tree lizards, land snails, lurge
scorpions nnd spiders, cockroaches,
beetles, huge May-flics, and other
marsh InscctB, Among things In tho
sens were the oyster, and Ashes to
which the armored sturgeon of to-day
benrs some refcoinblnnce. All these left
their trade-marks, so to speak. In coal.
Hut this Is lu a manner digression.
Thero were trees lu those days. Not
the sorts wo now have, hut thoso of
loss complex structure. They were tall
some of them over 200 feet, nnd cor
respondingly thick. They hnve left
descendants, but puny ones horse
tails, club mosses, ferns, .nre common
Instances. The construction of theso
trees tells us that the earth wns n
very damp place those days, Thero
wns water everywhere, and In nbmul
niioe, Kvcn tho nlr wns habitually
saturated with It. Tho sun, wns hot,
und tho combination made things
grow. Figure 1 shows nt Its right a
fossil root-end of n cnlamlto or horse
tall of tho coal period, nud llguro 2 a
modern horse-tall, actual slie. Com
parison speaks for Itself. Club mosses
wero abundant, lu varieties many of
which nro extinct. Theso mosses grew
100 feet or moro tall, nnd scnttered
myriads of seed spores and spore
cases! season nfter season this con
tluued, until deep nnd dcuso layers
wero formed nrouud tho roots. To-day
wo-got coal that Is moro or less com
pletely built up of theso resinous
spores tbo bituminous sort frequently
owes Us brilliant nud glossy nppeur-
Wontlcrw nnd IIcnut cA of Vefjctntion, nntl
Itcmiirlaililo Chcrnltnl Combinations lie
venlctl) Sunshine of Days When the Enf III
Wns Young Concentrated tn the Dright
I! Inch: Lump Upon Whoso Incrgy n World
mice to the presence of this resinous
mutter. These big rluli uiomk nre
termed lepldodondrn. The stem r
trunk of n Ifpltlodeinlf in Is covered
with senrs whom Hid lenf stalks were
originally nttnchetl, mid tin so trunks
nre often found standing upright In
the coal mines, Willi their striking
rears arranged splrnlly nround llielr
whole length. The sandstone nml
Minlc fouml above nml strain of tin
reveal fossilized portion mid casts or
J Impressions of the scaly linrk of tliaoc
Ir we add to the plants already men
tioned certain coniferous trees similar
' to pine nntl lnrches, wo will compre
hend Hint tho forest of the coal pe
riod, although largely composed of
wlint we now regnrd a Insignificant
wet-da, were not by nny mean Insig
nlllcmit as forest. On the contrnry,
everything points to the fact Hint the
forests were so dense as tn lie nluiot
Impenetrable through the various
' plant-growths. Individuals striving
with one another to get their lenves ex
posed to Hie sunlight. Just a the tir
ing plants in crowded situations do to
day, for sunlight wns Just as essential
to these enrly plants as It ha always
been to nil plant life. In among ihe
grent stems wero undergrowth of
fern, many of which nre very similar
to sorts which flourish to day. The
frequency with which fronds nnd
frondlct of ferns are seen In coal and
shale shows how plentiful the growth
must have been. The two central ex
ample in the top row of figure 3 rep
resent enmeo nntl Intaglio piece, nnd
when closed together these becdme
simply n piece of smooth, weather-
is not aitahi:nt on siukacc.
worn stone, with Its secret hidden at
Coal can be made to tell Its secrets
Just as surely n can the sandstones
mid shales found near IL It would be
useless to look at any casual piece of
coal to trace Its vegetable orlg.n, hut
by cutting a thin piece nnd grinding
carefully between glass with emery
nud water until It becomes so thin as
to lie transparent, and then submitting
this to microscopical examination, we
discover something ns to Its structure.
Ho It occurs, by making sections
through all kinds of coal, we are al
' most Invariably able to trace their
vegetable origin from the softer vege
mble and wood structures, until It bc
eomes snturated nnd consolidated,
eventually losing Its gaseous constitu
ents, and becoming converted Into car
lionlzei) coal of various states of purity
ns It nenrs the stages of the more pure
forms of carbon.
Given, now. that coal Is consolidated
and carbonized vegetable matter, we
have yet to find n reason which shall
account fqr these vast beds of coal
being burled so deep beneath tho sur
face of the earth. And more than this,
how Is It that coal fields nre found be
nenth coal fields, ns In South Wales,
where no less than eighty distinct beds
of coal havo been recognized? Some
times these beds nre of grent thick
ness, one of the most noted Instances
belug tho fntnous bed of South Staf
fordshire, Kuglnnd, which was 30 feet
thick. We have glanced nt the won
derfuq fossilized remains of the vege
tation of the Carboniferous period and
seen how they Indicate that tire for
ests of those times developed' dense
mnsses of vegetable growth, which, so
far as quantity Is concerned, would
considerably surpass all forests of tho
present daj-. Kor If the whole vege
tation of exlstlug woodlands could be
converted Into coal, It would probably
uot mnko a coal Held of more than two
or three Inches deep. Yet the, various
seams In some coal areas wouhl make
n depth of from 200 to 300 feet.. From
this we can estimate that these grent
forests of tho coal period, which de
veloped nnd stored these enormous ac
cumulations of carbon, wero something
nlmost beyond our Imagination. For
nt present wo know of no source of
enrbon other than that gathered
l..t..l. ,l.n n...,n II.
iious ui piuuiH nuti siorcu in incir
FIQ, 3 COAL SHALES.
I trunks, roots, branches, etc. Tho green
icar nusorus irom mo iiuuuspiieiu mu
enrbon dioxide or carbonic acid gas,
which Is built up of ono part of carbon
chemically uulted with two of oxygen.
This Is decomposed by sunlight lu tho
chemical laboratory of tho leaf and
tho oxygen 'is given back to tho at
mosphero for animals to breathe and
ngalu convert Into this snmo carboulc
ncld gns, whllo tho enrbon Is retained
nnd built Into tho wood structure of
tho plant Aud as nil the myriads of
J plant lenvc of tho grent onrbuutferou.
i tree wero continually catching nnd
storing these particle of carbon from
l the carbon dioxide of the atmosphere,
1 which In those time, It Is thought.
wn In greater proportion lu Ihe nlr
limn It Is to-day. It naturally follows
that great mid ever-Increasing stores
of cnrlion were being put by. not na
pure enrbon nlone, but chemically com
blind In the form of starches, oils, etc..
essential to plant growth.
Hut the enrth wn nt this time In a
very unsettled condition, and perhaps
after these forests had grown and de
veloped their tree nnd dense foliage
and undergrowth for long periods of
time n slow nnd pcratstent subsidence
i of the land would take place. As thi
sinking went on the tides would grnd
tlnlly wash lu among theso forests de
posits of silt nnd mud, which would
Increase a time went on, until the
once living nntl flourishing forest wn
completely submerged. And so a fu
ture coal-bed wa laid, which the ever
Increasing weight nbove would event
ually along with the natural chctiilcnl
Influences, convert Into coal as wo
know It. After a time the land would
rest again, and the surface would be
come sultnble once more for plant
growth and In the course of time a
new forest would spring up, which in
due time would once more meet the
same rate of submergence. This again
would be followed by others until wo
get coal stratum beneath the coal strat
um, each showing the fnmo remark
able order flrt n bed of clay, which
represents the soil of the ancient for
est; next the coal layer Itself, repre
senting the accumulations of the once
living vegetation, and nbove this tho
deposits of sand nud mud which havo
hardened (nt? tljoles and sandstones.
A second time nnatVr layer of clay or
soil follows, and over It coal and sand
stone, the whole to be similarly re
peated. It ha been truly and frequently re
marked that our stores of coal repre
sent so much fossil sunshine of the
Cnrlwnlferou period. For the carbon
gathered during the sunlight by the
plants of this period constitutes the
grent and chief source of energy con
tained In coal, nnd the beat and light
given out during combustion Is but
the warmth and light of the sun's rays
absorbed ages ago by the lenves of the
strange plants which we have been
considering, reasserting Itself as It
were, after lying dormant through tho
And as we sit by our fireside nnd
appreciate the glowing embers while
reading our newspaper or book with
comfort nnd enjoyment, with our
rooms Illuminated primarily from this
same source, and our surroundings fur
ther cheered by tho Innumerable aes
thetic and useful products derived
alike from' coal, such as the lovely
coal-tar colors, exquisite perfumes, and
ihe Jet, marbles, slates, and sand
stones from the adjoining strata, not
to mention the comforts derived from
the numerous curative drugs that
chemists have learned to compound
from the coal-tar products, and even
sugar 300 times sweeter than that ob
tained from the cane Indeed, the won
derful products and benefits obtained
primarily from coal would require
pages for their mere mention; for the
Carboniferous strata was a special one,
like none before or after, nnd yielded
more for the progress and service of
man than nil the other systems put
together we must see how vast and
farseelng are Nature's schemes, nnd,
although these great forests grew nges
ago nppareutly without any special
purpose, yet on these the progress and
social happiness ot man to-day largely
depends. Nature Is one vast whole
Inseparably related and connected.
PALACES OF EDWARD VII.
Some Facta About Ilia Former and
Preseut Homes In London.
To the many changes lately made at
Hucklngbmn palace one other might
well, one thinks, bo added. Aud that
Is a change of name. Truo the slto
wns onco occupied hy tbo house a
duke ot Uucklngham built therein In
1703. Hut that occupation does not
seem to Impose tho name ot a subject
upon a residence bought by George
III, rebuilt by Georgo IV nnd, though
disliked by William IV, at once adopt
ed by Queen Victoria as her London
residence, nnd now, the fixed head
quarters of the king and the prospec
tive headquarters, of our kings to be.
No wonder that foreign visitors aro
puzzled by tho unexplained retention
of n former nud long Irrevelnnt appel
lation. They ask for tho Palais ltoyal
and nre met with a blank stare, n
shako of the head, or a statement j
which lenves n proportion of them
under the supposition that his majesty !
Is the guest of the duko of Bucking
Scnrcely less npproprlnte would ho i
n cancelling nt last ot the name of
Mnrlborough house as applied to tho
new hereditary residence of tho heirs
nppnrcnt. Marlborough s. a great
name, It Is true; but It Is n name that
tho present owner has a very natural
right to put up on the lintels of tho
new house he Is building In Curzon
street No disrespect, then, Is Implied ,
townrd the great duko ot Marlborough
who built It In tho first decade of tho '
eighteenth century, nnd gave "Sarah,
duchess," the right to point over tho
way to Ilucktnghnm palace nnd to
speak of "Neighbor Georgo." In 1817
It wns bought from tho Churchtlls for
tho Princess Chnrlotto and Leopold,
nfterwnrd king of tho Belglnus. Later
Queen Adelaide was Its occupant. Her
nnmo or his would bo nt lenst as npt
ns that of Mnrlborough for tho houso
each had Inhabited. Hut Alexandra
houso tho name of tho first princess
ot Wnles to live under Its roof might
well glvo tlio houso n title which
would also bo n welcome prlvnto and
public commemoration. Loudon
IIU I noticed your wife sitting by
tbo window sewing this morning. I
thought you told mo yesterday she was
Dlx So sho was; hut to-day she's on
Wns there ever a mnn who could not
ho successfully sued for breach of
But for tho donkey's big cars he
couldu't appreciate his own music.
Onialttle Boo nice.
Hcpnrnto tho yolk front tho white,
of six eggs, ndd to the former stisjnr tu
taste, about tlvo ounces; ono dessert
spoonful of rlco flour, nnd tlnvor with
lemon Juice, vanilla or ornnga Mower
water, stirring up thene Ingredient to
gether. Whip tho whllo of tho egg,
mix them lightly with tho Imtter, nntl
put tho butter Into n small frying pan.
A soon ns it begin to btibblo pour
tho batter Into It, nnd set the pnn over
n bright, but gentle fire; when tho
omeletto Ii set, torn the edges over to
mnko It nn oval shape, and slip It on
to n silver dish, which ha been previ
ously well buttered. Put It In tho oven,
nnd bake from twelve to fifteen min
utes; sprinkle finely powdered sugar
orcr tho noufllcc, nnd servo It Immedi
ately. Celery Pnn twlches.
Use dainty little baking powder nil
cult freshly baked but cold, or white
home-made bread for these sand
wiches. Only the very tender part of
celery should bo used nnd chopped Ono
nnd put In Iced water until needed;
ndd a few chopped walnuts to the cel
ery nud enough mayonnaise dressing
to hold them together; butter the bread
beforo cutting from the loaf, spread
one slice with the mixture and press
another orcr It. If biscuits nre used,
split nnd butter them. They should
be small nnd very thin for this purpose
nnd browned delicately.
Rub together a cup of sugar and :i
half-cup of butter. Stir Into this a half
pound of chopped mid powdered suet,
then beat In fire eggs, a half-pint of
milk and a teaspoonfut of orange Juice.
Dredge with flour a cup each of stoned
raisins and cleaned currants nml n
hnlf-cup of minced citron. Add this
fruit to the batter and stir In a quar
ter tenspoonful each of powdered cin
namon, cloves nnd nutmeg. Iist of
all, bent In a quart of flour, turn Into
a large mold and steam for six hours,
Cut two pounds of cold boiled tripe
Into small bits and put It over the bra
with a half-pound of cold liolled venl
chopped fine and three quarts of veal
stock, skimmed nntl freed from fut.
Hrlng to n boll, ndd a bunch of soup
greens cut small, a chopped onion nnd
n cupful of potnto dice. Cover closely,
simmer for an hour nnd n half, season
to taste, thicken with a white mux
and when thick and smooth drop In
small dumplings. As soon ns these are
Beat two eggs very light and add to
them halt a pound ot brown sugar;
beat again nnd stir In half a cup of
flour with a quarter of n teaspoonfut
ot baking powder, n third of a tea
spoonful ot salt jind half a cup ot wal
nut meats slightly chopped. Droll In
small spoonfuls on buttered tins, pot
too close together, and bake brown.
The dough should not be too thin; try
one or two nnd If too thin add a very
little more flour.
IlrolleJ IMbi' Feet.
Cream two tablespoonfuls of butter.
Work gradually luto It one scant lublc
spoonful of lemon juice, one-half a ten
spoonful of salt a dash of cayenne nnd
one-half a tablespoonful of finely chop
ped parsley. After removing the cloth
from each piece brush with melted but
ter and dust with salt nnd pepper.
Place In a broiler and broil over n clear
tire for six minutes. Transfer to a
hot platter and spread with prepared
White Potato Soup.
Into a cupful of mashed potatoes
work a pint of hot milk nud a table
spoonful ot melted butter. Cook to
gether a tablespoonful each of butter
and flour, nnd pour upon them a pint
of rich milk. When thick nnd smooth,
pour this Into tho potato puree; Mir
until scalding hot; aeasou with salt nud
pepper; stir In n tablespoonful of minc
ed parsley, nnd pour gradually upon a
beaten egg. Servo nt once.
Remove nil bones nnd pick Into
small pieces one pint of cold fish. But
ter a puddlng-dlsb; put In a layer of
the flsh, then a layer of bread-crumbs,
then n layer of stewed tomnto; con
tinue In this order until tho dish Is
full, having tho last layer crumbs;
put bits ot butter over nnd bake about
Shell and blanch a heaping cup ot
almonds. Put over tho tiro a half
pouud of granulated sugur and a table
spoonful of water and stir until melted.
Hnve tho nlmouds cut Into bits, stir
them Into tho syrup nud pour nil Into n
greased pan. As It cools mark luto
Vlrclnla Muni in.
To ono quart ot sifted flour ndd one
pint of buttermilk, ono tablespoonful
of butter, three well-beaten eggs mid u
pinch ot salt. Heat the inullln rings
very hot, then greaso them. When this
Is dono ndd to tho mixture ono even
teaspoonful ot soda dissolved lu a little
hot water, nnd bake nt once.
Hints far the Housewife.
Add a llttlo soda when stowing n
fowl to make tho llcsli moro teiulitr.
Tho remnant of stewed or proaervc-d
fruit left from tea will Improve a tnp.
locn pudding tho next day.
Tinware may quickly bo cleaned by
rubbing It with n damp cloth, dipped
In soda. Rub briskly and wipe dry.
To prevent now lamp wicks frout
smoking, soak them thoroughly lu vino
gar beforo using, nud let thorn dry bo
fore being put Into tho lamp.
To skin beetroot easily nnd quickly
put It into cold wnter directly It U
cooked. Pass tho hand down the root
and tho skin will come off nt once.
When stutllng n fowl which is to luj
roasted prepare nnd Insert tho stulll.ig
over night nnd tho flavor of the se.in.'i.
Ing will penetrate through the cnilro