ON NEUTMJj J3ASIS 2 FOREIGNERS, TO BLAME. .' I iTK,.4 Allied Armlet Keinnnilbe for Mnth of lh Anarchy nxftllnif In China Now York. Mny 8. Tho latest nmll irom uniriii brought to tho ntutu de piirtineiit now proofs of tlio terrll.lii filial tllttlllill.d tm,it 1. 1,. 1fl(... . li.a k., ii.. A..1L..111.. . I'"""'!'" I'nii viiiiiu cimaiuoim """" wiiioJt exist tint or tho forok... mill. Inry ruin, in North Olilim, involving bodying the Views of Different Senators, ' ' 01 ii'nuUoro fully real- . .. . ' iird t'VOII ill WllMllIliirton. inn utterly DRAFT OF CANAL TREATY SHOWN PAUNCEFOTE. M Waslunton It It That the Memorandum i Preienled, Cm. T h.U.. fl .... . . a j.uiii.uii, jiiiiv o. I lid Amni'lnlr-il I i ... .. ... mrnt.lrv .1... .l...f, . ' trusted oineinis in tho Nicaragua ciuml treaty. It in under stood timt it. iidvibur. neutrality. mailed from l'n- KlM a month ngoi lilO (lllcsl (III III nilHliwr Mm In Ill'lllllltV. Illllli.li niw. ,( !,,. .tJ,u.i.,lu, ,or wm.i irtaiy. mils Ol UlU CllillCN0KOVCriltll0llt. il Washington. Mnv 8.- It In learned :,ot pnniniount. All the people who from an nutliorlllvo Houroo that before l'r.. "kt,,y l kll,)W declare that tlio Secretary Hay loft hero for tho West I p,,,l.1(;', JX'asant can stand no greater no Had sovorn conferences with Lord "union 01 taxation than In tlio pant. ratincofoto rolatlvo to tlio basis for m 1,10 question resolves iUolf Jarta-Iy nnothor isthmian canal treaty, and lo. retlital tlio exjtonso of collection. that an unolllolal written inemonin. Mvn,c'' 1,1 Cliina involves radical ro- duiu nlso won submitted to Lord 'on"?' Another proposition for PaunctHoto on tho sublcct. Tho nm-1 heeling tho indemnity in to crant bassndor him mado known tho goncrnl ''lenitive mining and industrial con- results oi wicso conversations nnd of r " 1 " ' ' 'H'"'' "'a mat nicnnt tlio memorandum to tho authorities mr.ltr'"g l"cir independence, and in London, and It in doubtless to this "y'K P oikIIchs troulilo for tho Chi MADE GOOD EEPORT CUBAN DELEGATION LIKED THEIR RECEPTION. Reported Fully Upon Their Trealmenl While In Washington, llolli Soclil and Official Report Made a Good Imprciilon on the Cuban Conilltutlonal Convention A Tew Radicals Oppose ill Acceptance. m.my itniaiive-wiii Mot uivuhje iiimpprreinled in tho United Hliiies Conlenti of the Document. Kfiieritliy. The character of tho in loriinttloii wlnoli him now como into Did lllhilllil(r,ilw...'u ...........!.... I.. minion Of tho Uubmi constitutional convention, which returned hero from Wiwhlneton Slay Ii at tho secret boh oion pretiented an extensive roport of Hit conferencoH with I'rcnldent Mc Kininy and Secretary Jtoot and clowiiij; account of tlio banquets and reccptionii tendered tho mcmbcrn, SiKiior Oilcrga objected to incor- porating an account of tho social programme in tho report, but tho commisHion instated upon thin point. In referonco lo tho third cliniHO of tlio l'lutt amondmont, tho reimrt slated that tlio United States would not intcrveno unloso Cuba is attacked bv a forcL'ln nower and there- Mints in Cuba a condition of nllairN Himilar to that which existed under Spain at tho tirno of American intervention. Jtegarding coaling sta tlons, tlio roport set forth that the places no denired by tho United States were CancB Maysi and San Antonio ana anotier point commanUing tho cntranco to tlio uull of .Mexico. Thco would bo definitely determined when drawing up tho treaty. Tho object of these stations would bo tho is not a prolVer of n treaty, it conveys ,."rfv' ''""ccrs wantonly impaling maintenance of tho independence of to tho Urltlsh" authorities what is nnn. I Httlo children by the waysido in the Cuba as well as tho Protection of tho siuoreit osHcntini ny tlio sonators who "lr' " rcKin aro some ot tlio least united fttntes. Tlio report also, said control tho ratification of any treaty 1,10 "'-'" authenticated horrors, and that tho United States would in no ...I. I -I. til I . . 1 . I 1(1 UHmn I1.. I.I I .. .1...! rtl 1 - l . ..in . . iviiiun win no mnuo. it also is m;ik mimiura a ueau uni-i "y iniuncro wun mo local govern- learned inuiri-ctly from senators who ,,wu V,lnMI,ul 111 J"81 nB "atislactory nient and that President JIcKinlcy navo neon consu p It nit nmoiiL- tlin " umienco oi no nuartcr iw n c cad una promised to aimointa eommis cniet teatures oi the negotitaioiis aro xer iney neitner know norcaro n neutralizing of tho canal, the Unit- lor 1110 trilling distinctions t..tl Htuton alouo undertaking to guar- 1,10 ''''. even if they could iiuteo mis neutrality, and tlio adiiiis- kw, cuiihi uoi set up an adminiBtra ion of all shipping on mi equal basis tivo macliinery of tlieir own for the with that of tho United States. Al- "l'r. Tlioy iuuhI restore tho power that allusion Is made in tho London dispatches. Tho negotiations, how over, aro so tentative and informal that tlioy aro not regarded an an olli cial cxclmngo or proposition, What they embody is not mado known, uiuugu it is understood they nro chiclly an exposition of tlio views held by tho United States senators as to tho essential features which should bo included In u treaty. Whilo this nose, who aro quick to recognize the fact. 'If tho wholo horror nf tlin mnrvlnr and pillage dono lietwcon Tien Tsin and I'eklii conies to bo understood in the United States and in Kurotw. tho Hum of it in no irreat as cnmimrMl to the numlier of Cliristians who have suffered at tho hands of tho Chlneso tjiat, rightly or wrongly, tho Chinese are likely to tie held tlin iniiirnl m 1U 7 SHELTER FOR HOMELESS. Tented Vlllaei are Beln Erected In Jack. 1 onvllle. Jacksonville Fin., May 9. Tho Almost superhuman work of the dif ferent committees has somewhat re- liovcd tho situation and it is now be lieved thnt in every instanco thoso without protKir food and clothin if wcro 8 in a measure cared for tmlav flfirl f lint. tonight thero am vimt.1v fnu..r ,..ininM who wero coinielled to Bleep upon tho ! streets. Two huiiilrnl u .Mill wirn i . erected today, and whilo thoeo woro i very crowded tonielil nm! wlilln i oral Churches ands clioolhoiises in tho suburbs wero also crowded with sleep ers, this condition will ulso be reliev ed tomorrow by tho arrival of 2,000 tentfl from th 0 ?eilfriil rmvnrntnnnf of. Washington, which will bo erected nt once. Tlio military companies liavo Imjcii of great assistance with their ex perience in rapidly erecting tents. rhcrowill also bo nrovided severnl extra commissary stations in various parts of tho city to relievo tho situa tion at tho two already established. There has been no outbreak of nin.lr. ncss in the city. Thousands of peo plo have left tho city. Those remain ing will bo iriven somo kind of lnlmr nt tlio bureaus which havo lecn cstab-! 1uIremcnta of tlio tree can be better lished. The cleaning up of the Btrects understood. Hut few 'fruit growers has been going of rapidly. I keep their trees open enough. Tho Clouds of smoke still i-nvolnnn tlin ' trees are so dense thnt the brunches city from the smouldering embers of cannot perfect themselves and neither wio conuagraiion, but many build ings havo been sufficiently coolwl off to allow the safes to bo opened and books and papers of a great many concerns havo been fount! nnlv lightly scorched. Twel Vft nflrlnnrla of provisions have arrived from New York. TiiffiT"i r l'rilnlntr the Orcltnrl In Fnmnur. IJesldes the thinning out and shorten ing of fresh growth In summer, such as has been referred to several times In these columns, It would often bo work well dono to thin out branches which are too closo together, branches which should have been cut out In winter, but which were neglected. It Is often a good deal easier to see when to cut in summer than It Is In winter, as the re- SHIPYARDS COMBINE. New though, ns stated, thoo conferences mid these written memorandums havo liccn exchanged, it is not exxctcd that there will bo any further nego tiations prior to Lord l'auncofoto's Iopurturo for London, which occurs Juno fi, or during his alwcnsc. The Uritish embassy will remove to Now port as soon ns tho ambassador leaves. Hion to meet a Cuban commission to (INciisi tho economic question and to draw up a commercial treaty as soon as tho republic is established, and that ho advised tho Cubans in tho meantime to study tho situation to some native mrtv. and the miinL-cr in this roMtiraL Tlin rnnrmntitntivn they do it tin better for China. Tim announced that Sccrntnrv Mnnt li.ul ChiuuKu estimate that 1,000,000 of said that there was nothing in the their people havo lost thoir lives by l'lntt amendment to prevent Cuba violent deaths or starvation about from hnvinir dinlomatic rciiresiiita. rekin and Tien Tsin since tho allies camo. " SEVEN BURNED TO DEATH Many Other People Burned and Injured In CWcajo Fire. '..'4ilic,lK0r?Iny 8. Seven tcon!o wcro miriiLn 10 ueimi, inrco latally injured, and several others slightly burned and othorwlso injured in a lire that de stroyed a thrco story apartment build lug at 8910 Marquctto avenue, South Chicago. Whilo tho occupants of tho burning uuiKiing woro struggling with tho snioko and flames in hope of forcing inoir way to siuciy, tno iircmon who were resiionuing to tno alarm wero vainly waiting for a freight train, which blocked tho way of tho firo en gines, to movoaway from the crossing and givo nn opon road to tho lire. Marshall Driscoll, in chnrgo of tho firemen, called to tho conductor and brnkemen to movo tho train, but they reiuscu to comply with his request. Tho polico woro sent for and the train crow arrested. Then, under orders of tho firo marshal, tho tram was backed from tho crossing, but by tlio timo tho firemen reached the burning building tho structure had been destroyed. Scattered among tho embers wc.ro found tho charred remains of tho vict ims. Tho bodies woro burned beyond recognition, and woro identified in various ways. Tho train crow aro being hold nwait Ing an investigation by tlio coropor. Tho origin of tho firo is unknown. Tho building was an old one, built of wood, and burned so rapidly that nil avenues oi cscapo by stairways wero cut off before tho occupants wore awaro of tho firo. MUSTERED OUT. Thirty Ninth Infantry and Others Just Re. turned from the Philippines. Han Francisco, May 8. Tho Thirty- ninth infantry was mustered out of the sorivco today. Tlio Thirty-second xwoniy-iiiutii and Twenty-sixth will an ioiiow in a low days. .Nearly nil tno ouiccrs ot tno Twonty-sixtli in fantry havo been ordered to appear oeioro wicoxamining board lor com missions in tho regular army. Tlio reduction of tho sizo of tho nrmv in tho . Philippines will brine homo immediately after tho return of all tho volunteers tho regiments of tho regular army who havo been longest in tno riiuippines, tho i-ourth caval ry, tlio fourteenth, Eighteeth and iwenty.tiiird infantry. iho transport l.gbcrt. which has just arrived from tho Philippines will bo detained in quarantino for a week or more, a soldier having diedof;nnal pox miring tno voyage, ino cabin passengers, however, will bo fumi gated and allowed to land. Orjtnlzatlon With Slxtyflve Millions Capital. Now York, been issued by garuing mo orcan cd States Shinbuildine comnanv tin dcr tho laws of New Jersey to acquire tho Nowjiort News Shipbuilding &, DrydocK Co., tho Union Iron Works, San Francisco; tho Hath Iron Works, Ltd., and tho Hydo Windlass Co., of Hath Me,; tho Crescent Shipyards and tho Samuel J. Mooro & Sons Co., of Elizabethport, N. J., and tho Cauda Manufacturing Co., of Car taret, N. J. The total annual ca pacity is estimated at 380,000 tons. Tho aggrcgato orders of tho con stituent companies on hand promise an estimated profit of over $5,000,000. Tlio committee will bo authorized under its charter tn issim cnnitnl Ottumwa, la., May 9. Turlington stock to tho amount of $65,000,000. flowers nor fruit can be looked for, When branches arc but small one Is apt to forget tho future and permit too many of them to form. It Is well to keep In mind that a lot of Inside branches to which the sun never gets will not bear fruit. They are useless and should come out. that tho sun may reach what are left In summer time It Is easy to see at once when enough has been thinned out Besides this ad vantage, there Is another, viz.. the scars quickly heal when cut while the sap Is active. Iieslccs tho thlnnlnc out and MavO A ' it i slmpenlng of the tree, summer pruning ( would perhaps be called "Just past l',v 11 rw it j rv. of cherr-es. Plums, pears and like fruits , bard dough stage." If cut earlier nVni .ii itt u llas tho ctTcct of making' them fruit fodder will be better feed, but tl o.ganization of tho Unit- i, , , . r .... -n-ni ,.i ... j, . attach tho team to have the If no of draft Just right We remember seeing n farmer using a now plow, which ho condemned a being tho meanest thnt ho ever saw, Yet n llttlo change In tho hitch from plow clevis to whinictrco, and a little adjustment of the harness, proved It to be a good plow, whilo the horses wcro doing better work nnd not expending one-hnlf as much strength. Yet lie had probably plowed moro acres In his time than we have square rods, and with his old plow could have turn ed as good a furrow as any man In town. American Cultivator. JTnrret nr Kofflr-Corn. In the recent quarterly report of th Kansas Department of Agriculture li a most excellent article on Kaffir corn, prepared by J. O. Honey of tho Stats Agricultural College, upon request ot Secretary Coburn. Concerning the har vesting of the crop he says: Kaffir com remains green until frost and the seed does not shatter; so. If grain Is the only consideration, there Is no great hurry to harvest; It can stand until after frost and the stalk Is dry. But cener ally the fodder Is a consideration, ai well as the gram, and then the problem is to cut when the best results from both may be obtained. The longer th fodder stands the hnrder and less pal atable It becomes, while If cut too earlj the best yield of grain Is not secured. After the grain Is hardened so that II Is difficult to mash between the thumb nnd finger, and there Is little molstnre apparently in the seed, there will b very little shrinkage In the grain. This the the there bearing In a short time. A youmr shoot be considerable shrinkage In the of a cherry cut back -within a few eyes grain. of Its base, will form fruit buds on tho i 0nc thing that has kept this crop spur left A pear shoot shortened In ! frm being more generally raised It tives in foreign countries. TRAIN WRECK IN. IOWA. Engineer Killed and a Score of Passengers Hurt one-half will often form n fruit bud at the point where cut off. Very often a tree which has not fruited will be mado to do so for the first time by these means. There Is always much pleasure In having n tree of good outline, and for this and the reason already given, pay attention to the pruning. St Louis Globe-Democrat LAUNCH OFTHE DEFENDER Yacht Constitution Lowered Into the Water at Bristol. Germans Fired on Orltlih. z Tlon Tsin. Mny 8. Somo German soldiers who wero guarding a German bridge across tho Pel Ho river at tho iouth end of tho Uritish concession here; fired on tho Uritish tug Tho Ego this morning, wounding two ot her crew, Tho bridgo Impedes rvior traffic and tho tug touched it. ' Japanese Monument to Perry. Ilorkoley, Cal., Mny 8. Baron Kontnro' Kiuieko, pressident of tho Hoi Yu Kyo Kai, tho American asso ciation of Japan, has asked the assist- nnco of tho University of California in rousing public intorest m tho movoinoiit to erect at Kurihamu'ii monument coinmcmorntivo of tho landing of Commodore Perry half u century , ago. A considerable fund . has already boon raised, and it is ox 5 i peotcd that tho nionumont will lie unveiled on tlio coming anniversary . of tho landing of tho American envoy. Marlon hjnaclo Prado Dead. , Purls,, May 8.-rMnrion Ignacio Trado is dead, aged 74 years. Prado participated in Qonoral Castilla'a rev olution against tho Echugoncs gov ernment in 1854. Ho marched ngnlnst Lima in 1805 and entered tho cnpital Novombor 0, nt tho head of n vlotorious urmy, Novombor 20 he declared himself, dictator nnd was sub. eloquently oleotcd constitutional presl dant by tho Pomvlan congress. He wus agate olected president in 1870. Uristol, It. I May 8. With her mil gaily decorated with 1 aes and !icr deck well filled with sailors, tho Liin1lf. Prttlbf if tlf frvti iit.ia 1tioAnn.i watv vuiiunitu VIUII ttlta UIII1DLC111M1 this evening by Mrs. ilutlor Duncan, who broko tho traditional bottlo of wino on her glistoning bow, just as sno Biaricu siowiy uown tho whys into tho sea. Tho scono was a brilliant ono, as the Constitution was slowly lowered into tho wator, tho cheering from tho boats outsido being loud and vigorous, whilo tho searchlight from tho steam yacht Colona, just outsido tho dock, illuminated tho stern of tho Constitution. Itockots and other fireworks added to tho gaiety of tho situation. As tho storu of tho craft omorged from tho shops, tho privato signals of tho members of tho syndi cate woro displayed on small flagstaffa upon her deck. passongcr train No. 3 was wrecked to- day whilo passing Thayer, a small town 18 miles east of Crcston, causing tho death of tho engineer and injur ing over a score of passengers, none fatally. Tho locomotivo hauling the passenger train struck un engine at tached to a freight train that was backing onto a sidetrack. Tho pas senger engine and nil but two cars of the passongor train left tho rails, and rolled down n 20 foot embankment. , Thayer is situated in tho bed of a deep ravine, nnd on cither side of the station tho track curves slmrnlv ROYALTY REDUCED. A Double PtavB Rllo. These silos are 12 feet In dameter by 30 feet high and are set 0 feet apart and Inclosed as shown. The doors of the silos face each other In the Inclosed nlley. They are filled from the win dows shown In the gables. They are Miners Object Means to Rule That Non-Payment Confiscation of Dust Seattle, May 9. Dispatches from Dawson under dato of April 23 state that tlio royalty has been officially reduced to 5 per cent and that cer tificates must bo presented at the boundary showing that the royalty has been paid or suffer confiscation of dust. A vigorous protest is bcinc Neither engineer could sco tho other's, undo by the miners, iiii.il wiTitin vii lonr. n nnnn ' train other. Tho iiassonucr train was run ning nt n high rato of speed. Tho engineer of tho freight train heard tho passenger train coming, and made tho utmost endeavor to back his heavy train onto tho sidetrack, no succeeded in getting all but the engine on tno siding when the crash camo. As tho passencer train round cd tho curve, tho cneincer saw his peril, but stuck to his post, reversing us engine, throw on tho air brako to tho emergency notch, nnnlied the sand, and awaited tho crash. At the last moment tho men on tho freight train lumped, escaiunc serious muirv. Tho freight cugino was thrown across tho tracks and tho passcngor engine nuricu uown a loot ombankmcnt. Torquolse for McKlnley. Santa Fo, N, M., May 8. Four beautiful and valuablo turnuolso from the Porterflold mines In tho Burro mountains woro presented to Presi dent MoKinloy by Govornor Otoro. Tho largest Btono woighs 20 carats, una was a superb specimen. Sheet Music Trust Chicago, May 8. Arrangomonts hayo been completed for tlio forma tlon of n combination of tho eight lending publishers of popular sheet music in tho United States. ' Smallpox' on Ocean Liners. Now Ydrk, Mny 8. Tho ocean lin ers arriving q Into aro nvoraging 1, 000 immigrants each, nnd tho health officers of tho port are kept busy. Stccrago passongcrs with sore oyos nr rejected, ns a enso of small pox was discovered on a German etcamor. A steamer from Marseilles had thrco cases of smnllpox among her 1,173 stccrago passorigois. CHIEF OBSTACLE GONE. Salmon. Cancrsf Trust Almost an Assured Fact Now York, May 0. Tho Journal of Cbmmerco says: It was learned from n reliablo sourco last night that tno Alaska 1'ackers' Association. which has been tho chief obstaclo to tho proposed consolidation of the salmon paokors, had givon options on its various plants to tho syndicate wnion nas been Becking to effect such commno. It is learned that tho Alaska Paok- era' Association had placed a valua tion of $12,000,000 on its outfit. Tho indications aro that tho matter of consolidation will bo brought to a head at onco. Tho plants oxtond from Chilkoot, in Alaska, south to Scattlo, 900 miles ulong tho coast. Somo of tho best known financiers in the United States nro behind tho deal, and nro understood to bo actually pil'ligUU, Tho proposed capital of tho com bination is to bo $32,000,000. The capital will bo in common and pro ferred stock nnd debonturo bonds. There lias been n marked advance in tho prico of beef and eggs but there a ample supply to last until naviga tion opens. A cold storage plant has been erected by Tacoma peoplo at a cost OI if JU.UW. Sluicing has already commenced on 6omo of tho creeks and consent ttvo estimates placo tho clean up at the problem of harvesting. There are a number of methods nnd they all have their merits. If the fodder is de sired for feed It Is perhaps best to cut stalk hnd all and leave In the shock until dry. The best machine for ac complishing this Is the corn binder, which leaves It In bundles of conven ient size for handling, and the foddet Is held together. The common method, however. Is to cut with n mower, and the crop should be left to cure well before raking. Ordinarily It Is put Into large shocks or small ricks containing from a ton to three tons each. This is dono with a hny gatherer, "buck rake," or "go-devil." and saves a great deal of handling. It keeps In excellent con dition when treated this way and can be hauled when needed. It Is ready to harvest In about 105 days after plant. lug, nnd this should be before frost, as freezing while green Is detrimental; besides, the hay will not cure as well In cool weather, and It Is essential thai It he as perfectly cured as possible. foi CHINA SEEKING A LOAN. Will Request the Powers to Obtain One Her. Pekin, May 9. China will request tho powers to obtain for her a loan sufficient to pay tho indemnity as soon ns tho amount thereof is mado known. Sho will also ask for an ex tra 20,000,000 tnols to bo provided annually, according to tho proposi tion ot tno ministers. Tho foreign ministers havo decided to address n collective noto to tho Chineso government informing it that a joint indemnity of 450,000.000 taels would bo domandctd and asking what method of payment is proposed A reply is expected by tho end of tho wees. DOUBLE SILO. built of 2 by 0 Norway bill stuff dressed on a bevel to fit n 12 foot radius. It takes SO pieces of 2 by 0, 12 feet long, nnd SO 2 by 0, 18 feet long, a total of 2,400 feet of Norway bill stuff, to build ono of these silos. It also takes about 100 pounds of No. 0 steel wire, which will make about SO hoops, put on In groups; shingled roof; tho silos painted threo coats on outsido and a coat of raw linseed oil on the inside. Ohio Farmer. No Strained Relations. iiOmlon, May U. -Tho rumor thnt tno roiaitona notweon Gormany nnd Russia aro strained on necnimk'ni slights on tho part of Count Von Wnldorseo aro discredited at tho for eign offlco, though it is Admitted that a majority of tho nowors nrn nnn. sldorably irritated by tho field mar shal's numorous expeditions it is not boliovcd thnt this has led to ait dofl. nite mlsundoratanding. Fiendish Crime In Kansas. Leavenworth, Kan,, May 9, Miss Bonnie, nn cmployo of tho state peni tentiary, whilo gathering mushrooms near Lansing, was struck on tho back of tho head by an unknown person and rendered unconscious, nfter which sho was assaulted and then thrown into nn old well. The young woman regained consciousness and after repeated attempts reached tho surfaco and wont home, whero sho told of tho crnno. Sho stated that sho had caught a glimpso of her assailant and would be able to iden tify him, Miss Bonnio died soon aitcrwaru, Searching parties are scouring tho country. Several Persons Mtsslnj. Now York May 9. Firo whioh started jiiBt before midnight on the ground floor of tho fivo story apart ment houso at 750 Loxigton avenue drovo 20 or moro families into tho street nnd many peoplo had narrow escapes. Tho polico nnd firomon, aided by citizens, rescued several per sons. Two "were injured and several are reported missing. Tho fire started in a butter and egg atoro. It spread rapidly. T.lmlna Foil. If wo thought we had soil that needed more llmo In It to sweeten It, we would prefer tho phosphate of lime either as an acid phosphate or in tho very tine ground phosphatlc ,rock, or basic slag, such ns nro usunlly called floats. In any strong soil, rich In humus or decay ing vegetable matter, or where a green crop bad been plowed under, wo think cither of these would dissolve quickly, while the cost Is not much greater than that of sulphate of llmo or common land plaster. Then we should get the benefit ot the phosphoric acid as well as of tho lime. But to get the full ad vantage of tho llmo we would put tho field In cabbages, cauliflowers, turnips, wheat or other small grains, or In grass, l.nne is or nine auvantago for corn, nnd on potntoes It Is said to In crease the senb nnd decrease tho value of the crops If not the quantity. With n strip of litmus paper It Is easy to as certain If the soil uecds lime, as the pa per put In wet soil will turn red If there Is too much acid, but If It Is still blue the soil is sweet or has llmo euough. Wood ashes nlso contain lime, mixed with potash. In some soils this is the best form to apply lime, ns potash is often needed, but It Is not easy here to buy good wood ashes. American Cultivator. Ralalnor l'onnc Tnrkera. There Is neither luck nor tact In rais ing young turkeys, but simply good care and the right kind of food, says a Field and Farm writer. Ono of the first steps Is to have good eggs from well mated fowls. Set the eggs under a chicken ben. Be sure not to give bet too many or she will wean them when too young, or as soon as they get large enough to crowd. Five or seven nr enough for one ben. It takes the eggs nbout four weeks to hntch and every, thing should be In readiness for the' poults. It Is necessary to have n good coop.. Make It without a bottom and set It on the ground. Confine the hen and let the little turkeys run In and out-at their pleasure. Put tho coop awny from the chickens, and with planks about twelve Inches wide and eight or ten long make them a small park so they cannot wander away from the mother hen. The coop should be i moved to n fresh place every day and I tho little park every other day until ! the little turkeys are old enough to fol low the hen mother. Young turkeys that run with old ones will grow faster nnd nro fnr less trouble, but they nre likely to wander away and get lost - Kosy-ltunnliic Plows, Wo are not suro but that a plow would be better If it hnd ouo haudlo In stead of two. Tho plow which requires a man to exert both hands to uso It Is tiresome to both man and tho team. Even lu stony ground wo hnvo guided tho plow with one hand nnd not put out as much strength on It as we did oa tho reins that guided the pair of horses that wero not used to working together. But to do this one must know how to Notes from the Plneery. Salt nnd nshes aid digestion In swine. A clean feeding place for swine Is a prime necessity. Lice rarely Infest hogs that have plenty of sulphur. Itusty old straw Is one of the worst mntertals for bedding swine. Cholera In the herd travels swiftly from ono animal to another. ' The healthy hog's stomach Is as reg ular as clockwork In demanding food. When feeding for fattening always watch for signs of Indigestion. Obey tho first sign by reducing rations. Cholera will be prevented If sulphur bo mixed with the salt nnd nshes. Tho ' sulphur mny be mixed with slop nlso. When n pig refuses to eat and thumps ' nnd has his hair turned tho wrong way. trot him out nnd give him a doso of ax. Make tho dose a big one. Itomember that smiling nnd cram ming and Jamming fpod Into a pig to fatten It lu a short time Is a wholly ab normal, unnatural performance. We must expect It to wreck somo of 'the forced animals. Rural World, The Marty Heo Pollinates the Frnlt Experiments mado some time ago nt tho Michigan Agricultural Collego showed that tho bees were altogether tho earliest Insects out; that at tho tltno the average fruit tree Is In bloom It Is too early In the spring for other Insects to be of any .value for fruit polllnatlpa.