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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 4, 1899)
"TUB VENEZUELAN BOUNDARY DISPUTE AT A flUff
STILL TELLS TIME.
77 DREAM THAT CAME TRUE, g
r- IIISUH wns .1 hint of autumn in
the woodland tints, where the
colors shaded from softest gray
est gray-green through russet tones to
deepest rod and brown, nud the breeze
that swept over the uplands was sug
gestive of chilly October, but the gold
en spell of Indian summer lay on the
valley, touching the ripe peaches with
nn added bloom and wooing the late
roses to unfold their fragrant hearts
before it was too late to give their
sweetness to the dying summer.
In the rectory orchard, under the
nhadows of the fruit-laden trees, vil
lage lads and lasses hid and sought,
and out in the meadow the children
laughed and played and danced to the
music of thclr'owu voices.
The professor stood at the outer
edge of n circle of Infant revelers, his
Bpectacles pushed up on his broad
forehead, his soft Hamburg hat tilted
forward to shield his eyes from the
Gray eyes they were, with n keen
ness in them that was reflected and
that lent them a clearer vision for
things that time had set at a distance
than for present realities..
The iron-gray hair was brushed back
and outlined features that were not
unhandsome, though their sternness
gave him a semblance of severity, un
til he smiled.
When the professor smiled children
understood that the tall figure with its
THEY TEBK SILKXT FOU A MOMENT.
inclination to stoop was not likely to
prove aggressive, and that the learn
ing contained in that massive frame
could ,be put aside with the spectacles;
also that the professor might have
been young once, before the weight of
a laurel wreath had puckered his
brows and powdered his hair with the
frost that conies before winter.
He was smiling now and looking with
appreciative Interest at the game In
"Do you hear what they are sing
ing?" he asked the rector's wife.
JIrs. Errlugton detached herself
from the tea urn to answer carelessly.
" 'Nuts and May,' isu't it'"
"The delightful Irrelevance of child
hood," pursued the professor, "the sub
lime faith in the impossible. 'Here
we come gathering Nuts and May
60 early in the morning! Not con
tent with demanding their autumn
and their spring at the same time, they
must have It early In the morning, too;
all the world at their feet, with youth
to make them enjoy it They have
faith enough to remove mountains, but
I am afraid the days of miracles are
Mrs. Errlngton's glance lingered on
him for a moment and then traveled to
where a girl In a white dress stood un
der the trees that bordered the rectory
"There Is Evadne." she said; "how
fresh and cool and sweet she looks!
Don't you think so, professor?"
lie adjusted his spectacles to give a
"Miss Evadne Is always pleasant to
look at," ho said, as he gazed with a
painstaking air In her direction; "nt
this distance I do not see her so plain
ly ns I could wish."
"And she Is always pleasant to talk
to," added Mrs. Errlngton; "go and ask
her if she would like some tea, profes
eor." He went obediently, and the white
flguro moved to meet him, while the
echo of the words "cool and fresh and
eweet" floated Btill in his ears.
"I am sent to ask you if you will
liave some tea," ho said.
"Is that meant for an excuse or nn
apology?" asked Evadne, demurely.
"Docs my errand need either?" ho
questioned in return, with his usual
"You seemed to consider so," said
Bhe, "in which, If you will not think
mo conceited, I will confess you are
unusual. There arc people," sho con
tinued, noting his puzzled air, "who
come and talk to me without any
errand at all merely for the pleasure
of the thing."
A little Binilc was playing round her
month, and through her curved eye
lashes tho sparklo of her eyes meant
The professor pushed his spectacles
up again; when people were close to
Jilm ho could see better without as
olstaucc. "Tliera are people." ho said, "who
might venture to come to you on their
own merits, Miss Eva. 1 am not one of
those forti i ite few."
"No?" she Queried; lifting her eye
brows, "yet your merits are by no
means insignificant. They are public
property, professor, and we are very
proud of them down here. I have
even." she looked away from him,
"felt a little alarmed at the thought of
them sometimes, and wondered wheth
er we all seemed very stupid and dull
to so learned a person as you."
"Stupid and dull," ho echoed the
words Involuntarily, while he was
thinking what a dainty outline tlu
coutour of her cheek nud chin made
like a pink sea shell, and what n
singularly sweet intonation she had!
"You agree that we are so," she said,
after an Instant's offended silence.
"You add candor to your other merits,
professor, I see. Well, the school treat
is over. I think I must be going home
ward. Good evening."
She stretched out a small, white
hand. He took it aud considered It for
"Do you go across the fields," he
said, "or round by tho road?"
"Across the tlelds when I have some
one with me."
"Should I count as some one, or nm
I too "
"Too what too candid?"
"Too old," he said, thoughtfully.
She looked him up nud down.
"I suppose that you are twice my
"More than that, I am sure."
"Has anyone ever called you any.
thing but professor?"
"Mymother calls me John."
"No one, since I was a boy."
They were crossing tho meadow now.
In the distance Mrs. Errlngton waved
a good-by to them. They had forgot
ten about her.
"Which would you rather be your
self at your age and with your knowl
edge, or an Ignorant young person llki
She had taken off her hat and was
dangling It by a ribbon from her arm.
Her hair was all milled, and one little
tress with a glint of gold in it kissed
her cheek lovingly.
They had reached the stile and ho
stopped to help her over it before he
answered. Then he said:
"Miss Eva, do you think It Is possi
ble for anyone to gather nuts and May
at the same time?"
"Yes, if they get up early enough In
"What difference does that make?"
"Tho difference of not leaving things
till they are too late."
ne was still holding her liand. She
gave it to him at the stile, and appar
ently he had not remembered to give
it back. Her eyes were like stars, and
there was a rose-flush like day dawn
on her cheeks.
"How Is one to know whether it is
too late or not?"
"I thought you knew everything,
professor. And you called me stupid
and dull just now, so my opinion can't
be worth having."
"I called you stupid and dull? Do
you know what I think you?"
"You think me a vain, frivolous girl."
"I think you the most perfect thing
on God's earth."
"I have another name, Evadne."
"When you have quite done with my
"I shall never have quite done with
It. I want it for my own."
"Such a useless, silly little hand?"
"Such a pink and white little hand.
Like a May-blossom."
Ho lifted it to his lips, and they were
silent for a moment
"Evadne, Is a miracle possible?"
"What would be a miracle?" she said
He drew her with gcntlo insistence
Into his arms, and she raised hers and
clasped them round his neck.
"This Is one," ho answered; "It Is the
impossible come true."
"It was never Impossible," she mur
mured, "only you were asleep and
dreaming, John, and now you nro
awake, and It is early in the morning."
Now Yoik Mall and Express.
Fcmlnlno Pioneers of Long Afro.
A copy of n curious newspaper has
been found in tho French national
archives, says Literature. It 13 dated
Jan.4, 180S, and is called L'Athenco des
Dames. Tho articles are evidently
written by women and tho object of
the paper seems to have been an at
tempt to place women on an equnl
footing with men. TI10 feminine pio
neers of 180S wero evidently nearly
100 years ahead of their times. La
Fronde, tho Parisian newspaper writ
ten, printed and published by women,
is now in its third year and appears to
bo successful, while only ono copy of
L'Athenecdes Dames is to bo found.
The desire to chase men runs In
INDIANA SUN DIAL ERECTED 70
Only Town Clock of the If'"' U,e
Mtnlslmil ViUlcy How the Hand
ant rimo of To-day C111110 in tic
New Harmony. I ml.. Is probably tho
one town In the Mississippi valley that
has a sun dial town clock. It Is proba
bly the oldest and most reliable time
piece In the country. It has been turn
ing off the minutes anil hours ami days
since 1S21 without over 50 cents' re
IKilr. 11 never runs down, never goes
on a strike and as long as the sun does
business It Is reliable. Today It Is
something more than a timepiece It Is
a curiosity. It Is hlstorleal-probably
having an edge over auy other time
piece In Indiana In this respect. New
Harmony was a colony settlement. The
building on which the dial Is placed
was built by the colonists and was
used by them as a barracks. It was
erected In 1JSM. There were no rail
roads In those days and as everything
was local there was no need of any
thing but sun time. Tho whole world
ran on the same schedule then. For
severnl years the colony operated by a
number of sun dials and hour glasses,
but this became unsatisfactory and at
last George Itapp, the leader, conceived
the Idea of having a town clock,
l'irnt of It Kind.
ne was probably the first to endow
any Indiana town with such nn ad
junct. He went to the forest and cut
tho solldest black walnut tree he could
And. Ho finished It down to six-foot
lengths and mnde a facing Gxl feet. A
strip was nailed across the top to throw
off the rain. lie then had the colony
blacksmith turn out a piece of steel
THE SUN" DIAL TOWKll CLOCK.
LThe picture ns shown Ijy tin- marking lelween
wirvs :i tn!;tn 11 1 !!:2o p. 111 J
wire. The date of the construction
1821 was printed across the top ln
letters of lire ln other words, burned
ln, as were also the hours. At the top
and In the center Is the figure of the
sun a thing of glory, with a man's
smiling face and rays Jutting from all
sides. From the nose of the sun the
steel wire was run, coming to a point
nud then fastening directly below the
sun. The sun was then put to work
nnd the hour markings were defined.
Of course, the 12 noon hour was where
the wire ended at the botom of the
board. On the east side from the top
the hours ran down In the following
order: 0, 7, 8, U, 10. Eleven was on the
bottom of the board, between 10 ln the
corner and 12 In the center. On the
west side of the dial, running down the
side, were placed 0, 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1
was on the lower edge, occupying a po
sition on the west1 which 11 did on the
east. It will be seen that there were
tw.o sixes. It was the beglnlng and
ending of the day. Other markings
until the sun went down could be reck
oned on the wall very readily.
Though the storms of seventy-eight
years have beat against tho dial, It has
not begun to show the wear. The llg
ures are as distinct as though they
were placed there yesterday. The col
ony passed, another one took Its place
nnd passed and New Harmony became
an ordinary town. Generations have
passed nnd babies have grown old and
died, but still the old clock knocks off
the hours just as reliably ns It did ln
1821, when It was put Into place. Tho
old building Is now occuplc'd by a mer
chant who has shown good business
Judgment by utilizing the suroundlng
space on the walls by signs setting
forth his line of wnres.
Sundials are curiosities now. Proba
bly less than ono person under 35 years
out of every 1,000 population over saw
one. Still It has been but a short tlmo
since tho sun dial regulated affairs, and
though watches were used they took
their time from the dial. Up to 18C9
there was no uniform time. In that
year Professor Charles F. Dowd first
took active measures for establishing
a standard time. He sought tho rail
road managers as tho persous best
adapted to bring such n plan Into gen
ernl service. In that year In this coun
try nlono there were nbout seventy
five different standards all of them on
the sun basis.
Adoption of Btnndnrd Time.
From his work and energies evolved
: -i t-
M X If K It
key to Map
Lout 7?mnv 'K.
.0B CmiHVILl. 0BI.
Loup AhPm 8V
The controversy over the boundary lie
tween Venesuela mid British Galium ha
been waited for yearn. It brought the
United States aud Great Britain to the
verge of war In 1". when President
Cleveland Mnt his fntnoim iiiessaKe lo
Congress declaring that this country
would not iK-rmit Great Britain lo deter
mine the boundary line by uting violence
Venezuela never reoognlied the differ
ent boundary lines proponed by Ureal
Britain, even as demarcations of disputed
A brief description of the most Impor
tant of the boundary lines follows. The
map shows all the several boundaries and
is nu invaluable guide to the proceedings
of the tribunal:
1SM-The British acquired 20.000
m 1 mi re inilis In Guiana from the Dutch.
IKiU The liritlxh resident minister In
Caracas notified the Venezuelan Govern
ment of the urgency of erecting light
houses nnd placing buoys in Barium Point
and Been Grande of the Orinoco, show
In i; these places were acknowledged to be
111 Veneuuelnn territory. In io o,
Point wjih claimed l) ih.- Iir,t.i, 1
.inn . ....
tsken to trlnl In I 1 w, n, , 'j
I.. nt lli.. ,..r . ' "HI
lllllll- iimi .H-l-ll iJ I II 1 1 1 1 U (nr. .1
.... -...I ll... . I . '
nifo, Kiid the Hcetnt. ,1
the court under the p! n 1,,! ttj .. ,-j,'J
mrv. In lHtMl (.'real ltr.m ,: , r1
IUinn aiuuiml ,.t .1.. I. .....
planted by Mr. Hrhumi. .r-k ul
bore the British lln. t!- -,,:".
liurernuient Kent limt nn ,. t Mr 1
tlque, IU pUMilpoteiilinr.v iii.iumrr ,3 ey
roiH. to demand from 1 Hr.t,!)
erumeut the rwoxnlih'ti f i!n- n ,-
of the territory of Vein vn la.
lKdl Urd Granville wnnl
line to Dr. ItoJa, mlnii- r ut
IbHi Mr. Fortlqtie J.r ..,.r. 1 ir, ..j
Aberdeen n line to be .i. . i. it ,a
KaverilltlelttH a a tllml tilonnni of ty1
dispute. Other linen er- pr. ;. JhV
frequently by th Vein-nt. ..m li,r-r
moist throuuh Dr. Jul. .1:1 .m nAbi
June Maria ltojas.
1880 Iord Itoscbr rv
boundary io the V 1
lSM)-Lord Salisbury 1 - : . I j !
ary which ha Ihtu . u.. : ,1
Hue for arbitration. "
l.S05-Tne Itoyal (I. ' - P. .;,
of IiOQdon Issued a limp i ' 0
ltluii of ScAoniburtr!.' I .. . jH
from Its position ou tin- n. ; 1 1 -. i.j
The extreme of the 1 !nr 1 .f '
is defined ill a memorandum r .j
Salisbury In INK) to Mtnwi.r I'rbaL.jt
New York Journal.
what Is now known as standard time
and which aim has the sun dial uh its
basis. Four meridians, each one hour
apart sun time were chosen us stand
ard meridians. They are the seventy
fifth, which imsses near Philadelphia;
the nlnetleh, osKliig near NewOrlenns
nud St. I.uuls;the ouehtiudredtiud fifth,
passing near Denver and the one hun
dred nnd twentieth, near Virginia City.
By the division thus adopted the ttpnee
between them readily became divided
Into minutes and they Into seconds,
so that after all the world Is thus trans
formed Into one grent sun dial of Imag
inary lines not only tracing the min
utes, but even the smaller divisions.
Thereotlcally It was Intended that each
meridian should govern the belt seven
nnd n half degrees on each side of It;
but there has been a slight variation
from this. The local time of those
places at the edge of the belt will differ
from the standard time by half an hour.
The details of the system were worked
up by V. K. Allen, secretary of thnJ
wny time convention. It v. as totnil
lSvSii thnt the rnllwiiji tk l-'A It
onrnest. In that year 00 o r nt 4
them adopted standard time. andso
the United .States nnd the eui: racniil
world operates on that plan TliMlist
of the seveiity-Ilfth meridian Is ci!W
eastern time, that of the r:n'l!tt)
Milled central nnd that of the one bus
dred and fifth mountain "'"1 tlie om
hundred and twentieth I'ik-uc. Tm
ndotrtloii of standard t:m.- Mile Net
York's lime four minutes slower tl"
previously. At the conference of tl
International Geodetic association beH
In Home In 1MW the question of cow
polltnu time was first discussed.
A womnlilways likes the bat that
some other woman wears letter tto
sho likes her own, nnd blames the ma
Iner for It.
A woman's dress never turns out u
she thought It would.
THE "KISSING. BUU " UNDER THE Ml.ROSCOPO.
HF you meet a dark-cyod stranger whoso features resemblo n pnir of Ma
lamps on nn ice pick, feeling his solitary way by menus of a flshpole covc-nw
with .dog's hair, you will be safe in assuming that he Is meliinolestes p i'l
nlhis kUiiiig bus. In order to recognize him nfter this fashion, however, It '
bo necessary to use a microscope. Tho illustration was obtained by this nieuu
the Smithsonian Institution. j
This hideous insect is called melnnolestes plcipes by tho scientific i""1 "J1
Is a predutory Insect. Until recently It was never known to feed on ""'
favorite pasture has been tho cuhtcular bug that Inhabits bedding, nnd
acceptable feeding time just nfter that bug has had a meal of blood from a
being. In this way melnno, etc., gets a taste of human blood. It has n'' t;""
into the business for Itself, and taps Its food btipply without the aid of a vicnrw
distributer. , . ,
The kissing bug Is black, has a fat body, and does all Its hunting by mi,
e tho wolves In "Tho Jungle Hook." It Is about an inch long, hu a "Jrr0:!
...... .1. iuu uuuh'iu nuuu, ii m uuoill mi mill H'lib, ,
l,,.n,l 1 1 1. . .. . . .. ,1,1 l mirks
""""" uwhu, mm u ucuk as snurp ns mat or a mosquito, vin.' )cn
victim, who Is always asleep, feels no pain, but tho stung parts swell to w
times normal size In from two to four dnys. Collodion is used In the trentm"
1 he probable cause of tho provalenco of the melnnolestes this year is the
nhundnnco of insect life to ho found everywhere. Nature has provided
species to prey upon caterpillars and other Insect pests, nnd with tho llsnlp
nnco of these the meliinolestes will dlsnppenr also. Agnin, nature 1ms lrY,u
millions of parasites which In turn feed upon this Insect and destroy Its eggs.
As a rule the meliinolestes plcipes makes his homo under tho hark of ro
trees. The Insect runs with great swiftness iiniLJs hard to catch on that occou
It files mostly at night. In the larvae stnto theso creatures resemblo B01c,Vthe
the common bedbug. In fact, In the Stntes of California and Texas and la 1
Southwestern country where consldernblo nnnoyance and suffering are causeu
its depredations, It is commonly known as tho "Great Big Bedbug."
be tB' '