Cottage Grove sentinel. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1909-current, June 08, 2016, Page 2C, Image 26

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    2C COTTAGE GROVE SENTINEL June 8, 2016
Elizabeth Griscom Ross
“Betsy” Ross
1752-1836
This Betsy Ross Flag is well known
and well loved in America and
around the world as the first
American Flag. Her descendants
claimed she made (not designed) the
first U.S. Flag, using a circular arrange-
ment of five-pointed stars.
Fact: George Washington was the only
president to be elected unanimously.
Betsy Ross is believed to be the maker of the first flag. Evidence shows that a
Congressman, Francis Hopkinson is the person responsible for its design.
The First Official
United States Flag
June 14, 1777
This 13 star flag became official as a
result of the congressional action that
took place on June 14, 1777. Evidence
exists pointing to Congressman Francis
Hopkinson to be responsible for its
design. Each star and stripe represented a
Colony of which there were thirteen, (in
order of ratification: Delaware,
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia,
Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland,
South Carolina, New Hampshire, Maine
Virginia, New York, North Carolina),
united nearly one year earlier by the
Declaration of Independence. The only
The flag means America first, it means undivided allegiance. It means America united, president to serve under this flag was
strong and efficient. It tells of the struggle for independence, union preserved.
George Washington, (1789-1797).
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The Star Spangled Banner
2nd Official U.S. Flag
May 1, 1795
20 Star Flag
3rd Official U.S. Flag
April 13, 1818
This 15 star flag became official when
Vermont and Kentucky were admitted into
the union. The 15 star, 15 stripe flag was
authorized by the flag act of January 13,
1794, adding 2 stars and 2 stripes. This was
the only official flag to have 15 stripes.
Notice the stars are tilted.
The five presidents who served under this
flag were, George Washington (1789-1797),
John Adams (1797-1801), Thomas Jefferson
(1801-1809), James Madison (1809-1817)
and James Monroe (1817-1825).
Congress realized that adding another
star and stripe for each new
state was impractical. So they passed the
Flag Act of 1818 which
returned the flag design to 13 stripes.
This 20 star flag became the official
United States Flag on April
13th, 1818. The five stars were added for
the admission of Tennessee,
Ohio, Louisiana, Indiana and Mississippi.
There was only one president
to serve under this flag, James Monroe,
(1817 - 1825)
Fact: John Adams was the first president
The U.S. Flag colors symbolized the patriotic ideals and spiritual qualities of the citizens to live in the White House, then known
of our country.
as Executive Mansion.
The red stripes proclaim the fearless courage and integrity of American men and boys
and the self sacrifice and devotion of American mothers and daughters.
21 Star Flag
4th Official U.S. Flag
July 4, 1819
23 Star Flag
5th Official U.S. Flag
July 4, 1820
One star was added for the admission of
Illinois and lasted for one
year.
The only president to serve under this
flag was James Monroe,
(1817-1825)
The white stripes represent liberty and equality for all.
Fact: James Monroe was the 5th president
of the United States. He was married
to Elizabeth Kortright and they had
three children.
Monroe’s inauguration in 1817 was the
first to be held outdoors.
James Monroe’s presidential salary was
$25,000.
The 23-Star Flag: This Flag became the
Official United States Flag on
July 4th, 1820. Two stars were added for
the admission of Alabama (the 22nd state
on December 14th,1819) and
Maine (the 23rd state on March 15, 1820)
and was to last for 2 years. The only
President to serve under this
flag was James Monroe (1817-1825).
Fact: James Monroe was the first presi-
dent to ride on a steamboat, and to be
elected to a The U.S. Senate. The bride in
the first White House Wedding was
Monroe’s daughter.
The blue background of the stars is for loyalty and faith.
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24 Star Flag
6th Official U.S. Flag
July 4, 1822
The 24-Star Flag: This Flag became the
Official United States Flag on
July 4th,1822. A star was added for
the admission of Missouri (August 10th,
1821) and was to last for
fourteen years. The Presidents who
served
under this flag included James Monroe
(1817-1825), John Quincy Adams
(1825-1829), and Andrew Jackson
(1829-1837).
Our U.S. flag represents eternal principles, liberty, justice and humanity.
Fact: John Quincy Adams regularly swam
nude in the Potomac River. Adams was
the first president to be photographed.
25 Star Flag
7th Official U.S. Flag
July 4, 1836
The 25-Star Flag: This Flag became the
Official United States Flag on
July 4th, 1836. A star was added for
the admission of Arkansas (June 15th,
1836) and was to last for just
one year. The two Presidents to serve
under this flag were Andrew Jackson
(1829-1837) and Martin Van Buren
(1837-1841).
Fact: Andrew Jackson was the first presid-
ent to have been a prisoner of war.
Jackson was also the only president who
served in both the revolutionary war and
The U.S. Flag, freedom: freedom of speech, religion, assembly, the press, and the sanc- the War of 1812.
tity of the home.
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27 Star Flag
9th Official U.S. Flag
July 4, 1845
26 Star Flag
8th Official U.S. Flag
July 4, 1837
This Flag became the Official United
States Flag on July 4th, 1845. A
star was added for
the admission of Florida and was to last
for only 1 year. The only
President to serve under this flag was
James Polk (1845-1849).
The 26-Star Flag: This Flag became the
Official United States Flag on
July 4th, 1837. A star was added for
the admission of Michigan (January
26th,1837) and was to last for 8
years. The four Presidents to serve
under this flag were; Martin Van Buren
(1837-1841), William Henry
Harrison (1841), John Tyler (1841-1845),
and James Polk (1845-1849).
Fact: William Henry Harrison was the
only president who studied to become a
doctor.
A living symbol of our nation’s law, the Constitution of the United States and the Bill of
Rights.
Fact: James Polk survived a gallstone
operation at the age of 17 without anes-
thesia or antiseptics. Practices were not
used at that time.
Standing guard over our nation’s schools, the seedbed of good citizenship and true patri-
otism. Thousands & thousands of school boys & girls pledging their allegiance daily.