/ ON THE BRITISH FIGHTING FRONT and thoy will be a> good a* any otilar maker In the country can gtra you." They guv« him a contract for the alx. An Inspector reported that hi* factory was of sufficient capacity for a trifling order o f that kind, and thara- upon the 430-acre Whitehead company began It* career. On the strength o f hi* order for at* government machima Mr. Whitehead waa uhle to make such purchase* aa ha needed for hi* small undertaking. He also borrowed $33 to pay two mechan ics who hel|>ed him the first weak. ' From that the Industry grew. Ha ear- mounted obstacle* that would have awed almost anyone, and did thing* which astonished the cloverest busi n e s s men of England. But ha achiev ed results. He finished hi* *1* ma chines In far less than the specified time, and theu he got a contract for a hundred. The works g re w ; and the order* grew also. He built a great airdrome facing u Held o f hundred* o f term, and. to the amasement of government officials who thought his held was no use as a training station because of the fact that a river flowed through It, he burled the river. Ha diverted a stream so that It I* now not to be seco, on his property. T> e lunch which he gave the other day marked the end of the second year of s o ft y * full o p e ra tio n T h e r a la no telling where It will end. HUNS HAVE NEW AiR DEVICE Lookout man watching through the trench periscope for enemy movements while his comrades are overhauling a machine gun. AMERICAN FACES DEATH TO GET OPPORTUNITY AS MANUFACTURER in mines of comr WEEK Brief Resume Most Important Daily News Items. COMPILED FOR YOU Events o f Noted People, Governments and Pacific Northwest and Other Things Worth Knowing. Duke Frederick II, ruler o f the Ger man duchy o f Anhalt, is dead at Bal lenstadt castle. He was 61 years old. W alter Guion, o f Naponleonville, La., is named by Governor pleasant to fill the unexpired term o f the laU> Sen ator Broussard. \ The winter-sown oats a-reage this year is 2,372,000 acres, compared with 2,424,000 acres last year, the depart ment o f Agriculture announces in pre liminary estimate*. Electrically Charged Wires Hung From The National Assembly at its aes- Captive Balloon Menace | sion Tuesday declared the Republic o f Hoetile Flyers. Guatemala to occupy the same position toward the European belligerents aa Amsterdam.— At Zeebrugge. the Ger does the United States. man naval and aerial base on the Bel Bakers and dealers are ordered to gian coast, the Germans hsve adopted a new method o f catching hostile air discontinue the use o f prices in adver men. Toward evening, the frontier cor tising bread or roll*, in a statement issued by Charles Hebberd. food ad respondent o f the Telegraaf reports, the Germaus send up 12 captive bal ministrator for Washington. loons without crews and attached to electrified steel cables. The electric bsrrier Is said to con stitute a menace to all airmen coming Story of Meteoric Rise of Man From Poverty to Leading Builder of Into contact with It. The Germans. It Is added, have also Airplane* in England— Without a Penny, He Joins British manufactured a new and Improved type o f airplane. It Is fitted with Army and Deliberately Breaks Rules to Employ three propellers, one being so arranged Talents in More Effective Service. that It can keep the airplane station ary above a certain point for a few minutes, thus permitting the bomb- London.— With all of Its cases The turning point In his career had thrower to aim with greater accuracy. of meteoric rises from poverty come at Monte Carlo some years be and humbleness to wealth and suc fore. He received financial aid which cess, the United States furnishes enabled him to ahlft his course In life S DAD TO HAVE SERVICE nothing more striking than that and take a torn for the better. o f J. A. Whitehead, president of As soon as war was declared, al ft FLAG WITH FIVE STARS the Whitehead Aircraft company of though he had become an American — England, but it should be stated that citizen, he enlisted In a British regi J. 1‘ittsfleld. Mass.— There's a Ur. Whitehead, though a Britisher ment and came to England. He was service flag with five stars at now. has American citizenship papers at the battle o f Antwerp, and there, a f 5« the home o f Paul A. Jone*. But and got his business training In San ter watching the work of enemy air that's not enough, he thlnka. He Francisco. planes, reached the conclusion that air $ Is planning to add three more Unknown two years ago, Mr. White- planes would decide the war sooner ►J stars. head now is one o f the most promi or later. V Walter, the youngest, who will nent men In Great Britain, and In Its To get out o f the army was not au >♦« be eighteen soon, plans to enlist and two more sons are In elaas industrial life Is easily one o f the most easy task. He did it by Insubordina shining figures. He started his career tion, and when sentenced to be shot ►J A l o f the draft. Five are al- two and a half years ago with no produced his American citizenship pa $ ready In various camps through- asset in the world except credit with pers and said that he didn't think the ►$ out the country. Five o f the boys have “ war a small hotelkeeper in a London sub authorities would kill him. They X urb. Now he owns the biggest air didn't. They paid very little attention i brides.” plane factory In Great Britain and has to his claim that he had committed a under his ownership 450 acres o f fac breach o f discipline for the sole pur tory buildings and airdromes. His first pose of employing his talents In a more pay roll was $35 a week, with borrow effective way to the service of his NEW STYLE OF PATRIOTISM ed money. His pay roll now Is $60,- country. He was sent hack home with 000 a week. He recently obtained per a black mark against him. filled with Former Callor Offers to Clean, Press mission from the treasury department chagrin, but glowing with confidence and Repair Clothing for Drafted Men. o f England to increase his capitaliza that he could manufacture airplanes tion by $5.000,000, and so complete was on a big scale and be a factor In the the confidence o f English Investors In determination o f the world struggle. Dewey. Okla.—Aaron Hanning, form his ability to “ make good” that the He had not a cent. He had no er sailor, now owner o f a denning and amount was subscribed before the friends who could help. His parents, pressing establishment, has offered to bonds were Issued. quite naturally, turned a deaf ear to clean, press, repair and send home tha hls overtures for aid. His first step clothing of any drafted men o f thla Airplane Yet in Infancy. d ty and vldnlty. when they exchange Mr. Whitehead Is a far seeing man. was to go to the war office and. as he their dvlllnn clothing for the uniform laughingly says, with true American He says the airplane business, despite • o f Uncle Sara. In case the men have optimism, ask fo r an order to build air Its magical development during war no home he will store their clothing time, Is Just In Its Infancy; that when planes. When asked if he had a fac and keepsakes for them. All this 1a the war Is over there w ill be flying tory he replied that he had. Then be without cost. machine services for mall and pas went out to look for one, so that the sengers and expresses all over the government authorities could verify world, and that where thousands of hls statement. MONARCHS OF CUBA Commandeers a Machine Shop. machines are required now tens of thousands will be needed after the Out In a London suburb, where he war. He predicts that the airplane In had a hotel man for an acquaintance, dustry will see the same wonderful he found an old machine shop In which transformation that the automobile In were a few lathes and some benches. dustry experienced some twenty years 1 He Inspected it as well as he could back. through the windows, borrowed a pot Furthermore. Mr. Whitehead says o f paint and a brush nnd ladder and that the day the war is over he will began to paint his name on the front start machines on a flight to New o f the building. He had It fairly well York, and he has no doubt that within done when a mun came along nnd sold: a short time he will have established, | “ What are you doing there?” in co-operatlon with others, a regular “ I am painting my name on this mall service between the metropolis o f 1 building.” Europe and the metropolis o f the “ And whnt are you doing that for? western hemisphere. That's my bnilding.” It Is, o f course, not possible to go “ Oh! Is that so? Then you are Just Into details In describing the airplane the man 1 want to see.” works which Mr. Whitehead has built. Mr. Whitehead took the owner o f the It Is one o f the wonder spots of Eng building to the aforementioned hotel land, and the thousands o f employees nnd bought luncheon for him. He told whom I saw at their work one day him o f hls alrplune dream, and this week are turning out these “ eyes Vaughan Thompson— for that was the of the army” at a rate which may well name o f the owner— was Impressed by cause alarm to the Huns, who perhaps It. He said: aa soon os anyone else realized that “ It sounds very good to me. I f It the great war would be won In the air. J will help win the war I am for I t I Mr. Whitehead believes that the war am going to the front tomorrow, and will be won In the air, and he says you can take the building and do what there Is no question that the English you want to with It. And I have two manufacturer, supplemented by his hundred pounds cash, and as I don't American Industrial captain, will pro expect ever to come back you can take vide the machines which will give the that, too. and use It the best way you allies an overwhelming superiority. can. it will be at your disposal In a At a recent luncheon given at Mr. month.” Whitehead's home, Baccleuch house, Mr. Thompson went away. He was on the Thames, he told privately the killed, as he predicted. Just a year story of his marvelous career. Thla la from that day. It: The royal palm trees o f Cuba »re Contract for Six Flyer*. Sentenced to Be Shot. They Mr. Whitehead, being a skilled me protected by the government. At the outbreak o f the war Mr. chanic, pnt the old machinery In the may not be cut or Injured for oominer- Expert climbers ar* Whitehead, then on the sunny side o f Thompson property In the best condi d al purposes. forty, was In San Francisco Just get tion be could, made a few purchases employed to remove the leaves and tha ting on his feet after a rather adven on credit, and went to the air depart seeds from which high-grade oil la turous experience which had taken him ment with this proposal: “ You may manufactured. The trees are over 20C to all parts of the world nnd In a way send your Inspector to my machino feet high, and the manner of^scallnf gave him the reputation, as he now shop any time you wish. 1 should them la Interesting. A close view of Humorously snya, o f u “ black sheep.” like a contract to build six airplanes. bow the climbing la don 8 Fourteen hundred and ninety-three men and boys are registered under the alien enemy act in Montana, according to an announcement at the office o f United States Marshal Joseph Ash- bridge. TURKS Moslem* and Bulgarian*. Too, Said lo Be lawklng for Chance In Quit Wilson Against War Move. Washington, D. C. Definite opposi tion to a declaration o f war on Bul garia and Turkey at thia time was in dicated by President Wilson Wednes day at a conference with Senator King, o f Utah, who recently intro duced a resolution calling for war with both countries. Consiiierations o f diplomacy and safety o f Americana In Bulgaria and Turkey are umleratood to have prompt ed the President's decision. There ia reason to hope, it was said, that both Turkey and Bulgaria may yet drop out as belligerents. The administration was re|*>rted to have information that if it were pos- aible, Turkey as well as Bulgaria, would he glad to e advantage o f an opportunity to l i f i k ad ay from the central p»frer*. * Senator K ing sought the President's views aa a result o f debate in the *<•»- ate Wednesday on a resolution by Sen ator Brandegee. o f Conneetieut. asking the senate foreign relations committee for immediate action on the King res olution. Senator King announced after the conference that he would not press hit resolution at this time. The Brandegee resolution was laid aside a fter the debate, although sev eral senators announced they were w illing to vote for a war declaration. Senator King declined to discuss the President's views, but from other sen ator* it was learned that the !*re*ldent was ready to present hls information to the senate with hi* reasons for op posing present action. Arrangements were made for members o f the senate foreign relation* committee soon to call upon the President. So earnest was the Presulent re ported in hi* opposition to declarations o f war that he was said to be ready to give has reasons by (tersonal ap|s*ar- ance either before the senate’ in execu tive session or the’ foreign relation* committee. Convicted on his own confession o f using the mails to defraud in soliciting funds for cripples, George W. Rider, secretary o f the Cripples’ W elfare soceity o f New York, was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment at Atlanta. ; WAR _ WAR WEARY PLANT IS W IPED OUT Seven Asiatic passengers on a Ja panese liner which arrived at a Pacific I Fire in Lima. O., Railroad Shop Does port Tuesday from the Orient died on Much Damage. the voyage, and the vessel was held in Lima. O. Three fire* breaking out quarantine while a thorough exam ina tion was made by the port medical offi simultaneously in the ta k e Erie A Western shops here Wcndcsday night cers. hail practically wijicd out the $500,000 Berry Noyes, the negro who shot plant. and killed Sheriff W. E. McBride near W ater pressure has been cut at some taxington, Tenn., last Saturday, was unknown point while Federal agents hanged in the courthouse yard Monday report that hose was cut in two place* by a mob. The sheriff sought to ar with a knife. rest Noyes for violaitng the state pro One man in being held by the police. hibition law. One fireman is in the hospital uncon Corporal Wilbur L. Judd, o f the scious. a workman is seriously injured. army censor board and member o f a Fire C hief John Mack is badly cut and regiment stationed at the Presidio, sereval other* injured. Three firemen who were missing for San Francisco, was arrested by post- office inspectors on a charge o f appro more than an hour a fter lieing trapped priating $7086.20 from letters which in by falling walls dashed through the surrounding flames and enca|>ed with passed through his hands. only slight burns. Baron Richthofen, the famous Ger The railroad shop fire followed a man aviator, was shot down and killed blaze at the same place two hour* Monday night back o f the British lines earlier in the evening. ta ter, railroad along the Somme front. Details o f officials say, flames were discovered at his death are lacking. Richthofen three different places in the plant. was buried with m ilitary honor* near They spread rapidly. the spot where he crashed. Ten to 14 locomotives urgently need The days o f the male "cloth in g ed in war work, a new train o f troop slacker” are numbered, according to coaches just completed in the shops, Charles F. W etzel, president o f the and many other coaohes. as well as a National Association o f the Merchant score or more o f boxcars, were de Tailors o f America, who sent out an stroyed. appeal to the tailor* o f the country to Ten thousand dollars’ worth o f lib eliminate all unnecessary embellish erty bond subscriptions were burned in the office o f the shops. ments on men'* clothing. A special train bearing Englishmen and Americans among whom were offi cial* o f the International Harvester company and o f the National City Bank o f New York, on "s a fe conduct” from Moscow, was fired upon by Bol shevik soldier*, according to John Philip, an English engineer, who is in San Francisco a fter a stay in Ruaaia. The Peruvian cabinet haa resigned. The State department was advised Friday that Thomas Hitchcock, Jr., o f N ew York, an American aviator who has been missing for some time, ia a prisoner at Saarbrücken, in Germany. Nearly 4,000,000 pounds o f sugar, said to be a record cargo, from Cuba, arrived in the United States Thursday in the hold o f an American steamship. The vessel’s captain said great quanti ties o f sugar are at Cuban porta aw ait ing cargo space. Ship Program o f U. 8. Gigantic. Washington. D. C. — The Shipping board has decided on a substantial in crease in its building program for 1919 over the tonnage planned for thb year, and indications are that the increase w ill be continued in 1920. Plans for next year were discussed Thursday at a luncheon attended by Chairman Hurley and other member* o f the Shipping hoard. Especial attention was paid to the question o f passenger ships and re frig erator ships. For m ilitary reasons the exact size o f the future building program was not made public. From previous state ments o f Chairman Hurley, however, it has been estimated that the con struction in 1919 w ill be in excess o f 10,000,000 tons, the largest amount ever built in any one year by any na tion. ___________________ F ritz E. Lundt & Co., the oldest Exports to Spain Halted. trading concern in Porto Rico, has Washington, D. C.— Difficulties have been taken over and reorganized by M. R. Spellman, representative o f the again arisen in the operation o f the economic agreement between the U nit custodian o f alien property. ed States and Spain. It is learned Emigartion o f Greeks from the here that, because o f delays in the li Black Sea to the Caucasus, according censing o f shipments from Spain to to a diplomatic disptach from Greece, the American forces in France, steps is assuming the character o f a general have been taken to restrict, tempo exodus. It is stated that acts o f sav rarily at least, the movement of A m er agery on the part o f the Turkish sol ican product* released for export to diers and population are compelling the Spain. The recent change in the Span residents to abandon their country. ish cabinet is believed responsible for Prince von Hohenlohe, chief o f court the trouble, and officials hope to have a satisfactory understanding soon. to Emperor Charles o f Austria-Hun gary, has been discharged, according U. 8. to Handle Wounded. to an Exchange dispatch from Copen tandon - Preparations are being hagen. Count Alexander Esterhazy, made by the American Red Crosa to brother-in-law o f Count Revertata, haa handle American wounded from the been appointed his successor. troops brigaded with the British forces The wounded The New Zealand government, ac on the western front cording to a Reuter dispatch from from these units will be brought to Wellington, N ew Zealand, is raising England with the British wounded and another £20,000,000 ($100,000,000) sorted out a fter they reach this side o f war loan. Persons able to subscribe the English Channel. American Red but who fa il to do so will be fined Cross officials »ay they expect to take double the amount o f their income tax, over several hospital! to be used espe cially for this^work. it is sated. BRITISH BLOCKADE S U M ! USES Zeebrugge and Ostend Harbors Sealed to U-Boats. OLD SHIPS ARE USED Five Concrete-Filled Craft Are Run in end Blown Up at Part Moutha — Harbor Mole U Destroyed. tandon The German submarine baees o f Os tend and Zeebrugge, on the Belgian coast, were raided Tuesday by the British naval forces, according to an admiralty announcement. The announcement o f the admiralty said that five old eg taers, wtfleh had been tided with concre*« for use in blocking channels, were run aground ar.d blown up. Their crew* abandoned the ship* Just before the blasts were set off. it was declared. French naval forces assisted in the undertaking. The admiralty re|K>rta t«at according to information thus fat received, the raid met with a reasonable measure o f eucces*. The admiralty statement «ays: "T h e plan wo*, after m intense bombardment o f Zeebrugge, by the monitor*, the Vindictive, with auxili aries. was to run alongside the tnole and attack it with gunfire a* they ap proached. Storming and demolition |>artie* were to lie landed. " I n the meantime, three block ships, assisted by motorboats, were to make for the entrance o f the canal, run agound ami be blown up. The old and valueless submarine*, filled with explo sive*, were to ;un against the pile work connecting the masonry with the shore, in order to cut off the mole from the shore. " A t Os tend the operation was more simple, hut tha difficulties were con siderably increased by mist, rain and low visibility, and the complete ab sence o f aerial co-operation. "T h e result* thus far known to be that two block ships were run ashore and blown up at Ostend. It is too early to say definitely whether they accomplished their object, but so far as the officers could see in the darkness they were slightly off their course. " A t Zeebrugge two o f three block ship* attained their objective, being sunk or blown up at the entrance o f the canal. The third grounded while passing in. " A certain amount o f damage, the extent at present unknown, was done by the gunfire and torpe<lo attack on an enemy destroyers and other craft lying at the mole, C-oastal motorboats rejHtrted having torpedoed an enemy destroyer which was trying to c*ca|>e seaward. One o f the old submarines gained its objective and destroyed the piling approach to the mole. "S to rm in g parties from the Vindic tive and the ferryboats attacked under an extrem ely heavy fire and fought with the greatest gallantry, maintain ing their issdtion alongside the mole for an hour and causing, it is believed, much damage to the enemy and inflict ing considerable losses. “ The objective for the storming and demolishing parties on the mole were the enemy forces holding it and the battery u|>on it, as well as the de stroyer and submarine depot* and the large seaplane base upon it. " A f t e r re-embarking their landing parties, the a fig e s fid three vessel* withdrew. This attack primarily was intended to engage the attention o f the garrison on the mole, thereby al lowing the block ships to enter. "T h e casualties to the |iersonnel, as we had expected in a hazardous adven ture o f the kind, were heavy in propor tion to the numiier o f men engaged. " W e have sufficient information to show that the entrance to the Bruges canal probably was effectively blocked, that material damage waa done and that the greatest credit is due to all ranks for their galla n try." The object for the storming and demolition parties on the mole were the enemy forces holding it, the bat tery upon it and destroyer and submar ine depot* and a large seaplane base upon the mole. 8tar Witness Vanishes. Chicago George Bowen the govern ment’s chief witness in the Great takes Navy food g ra ft expose, has vanished, it was announced Tuesday. From Ndvemher until Saturday night he had been held in the training school brig under close guard. , He w » i the chief commissary steward during the time o f the food grafting, which is al leged to have netted a gang o f thieves no less than $25,000. An investiga tion o f hi* escape i* being made and in the meantime the lockup keep o f the brig is locked up In hi* place. Fewer Auto* to Be Built. Washington, D. C.— Leading repre sentatives o f the automobile industry came here Tuesday to discuss with the fuel administration and the war indus tries board a further curtailment in the manufacture o f pleasure cars. The curtailment, i f made effective, would restrict the manufacture o f pleasure oars to about 26 per cent o f the normal productihn. A 30 per cent reduction already has been made oper ative.