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About Falls City news. (Falls City, Or.) 190?-19?? | View Entire Issue (May 5, 1917)
that the Conscription Act, which
they are called upon to obey tie-
cause it stands upon the statute
books, is. in itself, a violation o f
the Supreme Constitutional Law."
With (far Nation at War, 1 « N Wist
Governor Seymour, of New
York, to President Lincoln, 1863.
fa Croafa Inttrnal Strife?
J a l i a (Ü itlJ N r t U f i ] * * * * c l u e « from b u r n in g pris-
-Report of Lon-
_________ — ________ oners of war. —Report
federate Bureau of Conscription.
L. WOOD ft SON.
B a trrx l
iH w l rlM
M i l S t tlw »«sloftW «
« r a ils Oily, fo l» l'Minly Ow*oa. • » « * tk*
let or O M |n n of M âKb ». 1ST»
TelcehtM N*wi otn«.
B e a n te , th r e e m outh», » c e n t s ; s ta e te eo e » , i c t a .
The Draft In the Civil War Was a
T he F alls C ity N ews , 1 year $1.00)
N orthwest F armstead . 1 year $l.uo
Will tha Conscript M a k t • • Good a
Soldier aa tha Volunteer?
“ The order for the draft was
“ Unwilling men burden armies,
the signal for violent disturbance
A d r e n Ising Rataa: D isp lay. IS c a u ts s n 1nch|
eat it substance, retard its action
t a i l n « . . N otices. 5 «anta a U ns; ro r «al». Kent.
Even if there
B a citen e« . W ant an d Pay I n ta r la i a m an t Ko- States and much blood was shod and give it panic.
Maas S e ts, a Una. Card o lT h a n k » M e t t i La«a
before these disturbances were were enough jails and constabul
B o lle « , leg a i rat««.
quieted. In some portions of the aries to enforce universal service
Copy tor n a n ads. a n d eh a n g a a sh o u ld be aant
country, particularly in the city without riots among a people it
la Tha New« not latar th a n Wednesday^______
of New York, certain districts in 1 would not be good business to do
Offlcta Vswap«r«> sr U s C ity »1 r a ils Cltt
Pennsylvania, Indiana and Illinois, it.” - Maj. William C. Hurllee. U.
I ssued E very S aturday M orning the draft was conducted under : S. M. C., Hearings before Senate
the protection of troops sent there Military Affairs Committee, 1917.
to overawe the lawless, and in
“ The fact that the Australian
other districts the draft was de Government did not dare to put a
ferred until troops could be fur conscription law into effect, with
nished to protect the officers. The out submitting it to a popular vote,
The Experltno« ef England, Canada, d raft was not completed till late is immensely significant.
“ This first conscription referen
in the year, and produced but few
Australia and tha United States
dum sets a precedent marking
[ men for the service.” - Report of progress for democracy.” —St.
With Volunteer and Conscript
Provost Marshal General James Louis Post-Dispatch, November 8 ,
B. Fry, March 17, 1866.
a u to m a tio n Roto« On« roar. St ,0C. a»* «n**h k
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T H E FA LLS CITY NEWS, Falls City, O r.
System Has Not)
“ There are nearly 700,000 tier-
Proved a Failure In This War
mans and Austrians in Canada,
Canada, with a population o f 1
many of them in the west, and
less than that of New York State,
in the North
they would be a dangerous force
raised a volunteer army of
At the beginning of 1862 there if they saw an opportunity to take
were 637,000 volunteers under advantage of domestic o p p o r t u n - _______________
arms, and the Secretary of War ities such as would arise from an
discontinued recruiting The sur attempt to enforce even an ex-
England, in January. 1915, had
plus was turned away without tremely moderate measure of con- enrolled 2.500,000
pledge or record.
scnption. . .. Tiesof blood tan- tween the ages of nineteen and
Number raised under Act
not properly be ignored and no thirty-five. This is almost two-
of March, 1863................ 1,369,343 right-minded man would seriously thirds of the total men available
But of these
propose conscription of German under forty and almost exactly
The number of volun
citizens of Canada, most of whom the same proportion as the strict
teers................................. 1,076,558 deserve credit for their loyalty in est law of compulsion in Europe
(the French) would have given
The number of volun
the present struggle. The Dom her. It is one-sixth more than the
tary substitutes ...........
144,012 inion could not decently apply con Germans had been taking out of
The number escaped
scription to the 500,000 or 600,000 their annual contingents. -Col. F. j
service by paying fee
86,724 of foreign born who have become N. Maude, Nineteenth Century
and After, January, 1915.
The number compelled
citizens within the last eight or
personally to serve........
61,947 ten years.” —Recruit Problem in
“ We confess to a deep concern
TOTAL number of troops raised Canada. S. Roy Weaver, New
the prospect* that this war.
by draft from beginning to end of York Tribune. November 14, 1916.
was begun by a united
war, 2.3 per cent of total troops
is now likely to be conclu-
raised. —(See Report of Secretary
ls The Draft Constitutional?
j e(j by a a divided one. (But we
of W ar, 1865.)
During the w ar of 1812 the draft are hardly less concerned that the
“The failure of conscription in was proposed in the 13th Congress Cabinet’s surrender of the princi-
comparison with volunteering is i (1814), but the measure was re- p]e 0f voluntary service in war in
shown by results in this State jected on the ground that it was [he hour of its vindication should
have been taken under circum-
Total number of volunteers
“ I have carefully examined this stances which reflect so little cred-
enlisted, January, 1863, to
conscription question with all the ,t on the wisdom and character of
January, 1874 ..................... 56,156 seriousness and attention required our rulers.
Total number of conscripts
bv the solemnity of the occasion.
“ If we were to have conscrip
who were delivered at mili
I have exorcised that small meas tion, it was clearly wise to avoid
tary stations..........................2,575 ure of talent which it has pleased the greater dangers associated
“ Like results are conspicuous in the Almighty to bestow upon me, with it. The plan should have
all parts of our State and in all and I have arrived at this con been as well considered as possi
sections of the country—in New clusion: the plan of conscription ble. It should have been adopted
England, Pennsylvania, and the violates t h e Constitution; it from conviction and not from
West. The attempt to fill our trenches on the rights of the newspaper preasure, and it should
armies by drafting was abortive. States, and it takes from them have made clear to the world that
While it gave no useful result, it their necessary security; it de the Derby scheme had had the
disturbed the public mind, it car stroys all claim to personal free fair trial that was promised it.
ried anxiety and perplexity into dom; it will poison all the comforts
“ In the absence of any urgent
the workshops, the fields, and the of this people. In this belief I reason for re-filling the ranks of
homes of our citizens. It not only have no hesitation to say that I the army, and with a full flow o f !
fails to fill our armies, but it pro think it will be resisted, and that recruits secured for many weeks , 1
duces discontent in the service; it it ought tu b e resisted.” —Repre- conscription should not, even in
is opposed to the genius of our pol sentative Morris S. Miller of Utica, principle, have been hustled thru
itical system; it alienates our peo N. Y., 1814.
; the Cabinet.
ple from the Government; it is in
men never have been canvassed, i
jurious to the industrial pursuits
During the Civil War the d raft . . They cannot be classed as
of the country.’’—Governor Sey was bitterly opposed in the third ‘slackers’ for their mind has never
mour's Annual Message to the session of the 37th Congress on been sounded. In a word, the
New York Legislature, January 5, the ground that it was unconstitu Derby canvass has never been
tional. The question never came given a chance. It is left an un
“ I believe that it (the enrollment before the Supreme Court.
completed operation, its true re- j
“ Mr. Speaker, my object in of- suits unknown and uncalculated
act) will be found on examination
“ For want of a little patience,
to have done more to cut off the fering this (amendment) is to give
sympathy between the Govern an opportunity to those upon this a little imagination, a great prin
ment and the people of the United floor who conscientiously and ear ciple of government goes by the
States than any other measure nestly believe the whole system of board, and conscription is rushed
which has passed this Congress a d raft is contrary to the spirit of thru at a single meeting of the
since the rebellion.” —Representa our institutions and opposed to the cabinet before anv serious attempt
tive John Winthrop Chanler, I 860 . welfare of our prople, to place is made to discover whether it is
their vote upon record. I deem it necessary or no.” —The London
a great privilege, with those who Nation, January 1 , 1916.
In the South
with me, to say to the people
“ A rigid and unusual inspection,
country th at we adhere to
“ The only passible conclusion
not only of company rolls but per
this evidence is that con-
sonal and also payrolls, will prove
is impractical, irjeffect-
that more men have been received
! Ive and utterly inexpedient as
into the service irregularly since
y compared with the volunteer sys-
the first of January than have from it and the precedents of the tem.
“ It alienates the people from
gone through the conscription American Government to establish
the European system of raising the government; it violates the
“ In many localities it has been troops and organizing armies in fundamental traditions and in
stincts of a liberty-loving people.
found expedient, indeed necessary, the midst of a civil w ar.” —Rep The case against it is complete
to suspend wholly or partially the resentative John Winthrop Chand from every standpoint.
operation of conscriptions. This ler, of New York, speaking on the wholly unjustified in the United
has been done in localities between proposal to amend the Conscrip States at this time.
“ No nation in the world (except
the lines of GUT
«¿iiil those tion Act, 1865.
in the present struggle)
of the enemy— so far as the re
«I. • ■ «. •
, , , has ever adopted conscription for
serve classes are concerned — for
It is believed at least one-half overseas duty.-A m erican Union,
obvious reasons of preventing of the people of the loyal States Against Militarism, April 26, 1917. !
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