THE VALVELESS PUMP Cheap Paint it not Good Paint. Mura W s t«r G ood Paint is the Cheapest Paint. Your Dealer has a Reliable Brand. “HEALTH” l>K. KOMINKK'N KOW K O N DITIO N K K «tirnul«lwi thn tffmvt'fttjv« »rim m ami i* a • rrful hrsadtnif Umlc. Insur«*« *>a*y «»Ivin* ami «l«*ariitiir and prwmtLa milk f«v»r, inflarnml baa »ml In (n e t any ilis»«*«* that may attack a c*»w whnn in a w«ak«m«Mj condition. Kow Komlitionar will Ineraaa«« tha flow of milk 6 to \i par cant without an I hcmmum in fMKilnif. Ikr. Korinak’ a ( a ll I m r and ( Halara IU m •dy will Insur* your ralv«’« avainst calf acoura. wiiita acoura and calf cholara. and mako lhaui thrifty |)r. Korinak's Anti i'mm llluat (apaulaa aava hundred« of rowa yearly from dying of alfalfa A ciovar bloat Ask your »loalaf for koKINKITM KFMKlJtKM. lh«y ara auarantaad. or writ» to I « » lfnrs»|M>w«r. I amis r«*4 . M ...I Kffirtsnt f « r Ir r iy a ll» « , Ml»*l»i*. Kirs I'mUeilt»» snd DunMMifil' Vam. Hmmil. I .in lit, Powsrfui. No V tlrss. No I'luritfors Nu ( ’yltn* <i»rs. (Jostrurtiv» liigh Kp«»ds Kllrnin«t«d. I'ump Kuns on Loaf ftW «i WUI Pump W slsr snrj A it Hlmui- t*n«ously. Will Pump boilirm wutor ilu sr»c- .... *»r*l tor vsrlii ») sue Hon 1,1ft of M.G fM»t. C«n I»* lr»st*lla»d by An yon». linirCMsiblo lit M«k»* » MisUtk» I>»liv«>rs Mor» W »i»r. with fur I. m i Homairowtr. thun Any I'ump Known. No Priming K«<juir«d ut Any lirUMinubi« Suction, W rit* for (-utuloy, Pric«s und Testimouiubi lufora you boy. THE VALVLKSS PUMP CO., Sth Fluor TU I, a Trust BIS« . I'.rtteud. Ora. Better Ways. KORINEK REMEDY CO., k ** m station, Portland, Oregon Progress Is no monopoly of the can non makers. In one Issue of the Electrical World" we note that the Columbus (Ohio) Railway Power and DUS HF.DLUND, Light company has set out to make Its SKIFF i MILLER, buildings safer. Fire escapes, stan dard doors, and other Improvements Taka plaasurv In announcing that they a ra lo have been added along with a rigid rn Uni at 1AMMI Morgan bldg.. (4th floor). W ash ington at Hnmdway. Portland. <>ra . wiicra they system of Inspection to prevent the will ba tdaaaml to mart thatr friend« and patlatita. accumulation of waste anil grease, so Tb#M o A sss will i......... I ip tad on a | o f s^rv- that In three years fire risks and In It» at rmajerau* price« to tha heat of our abi'ity. We always stand behind our work, a« wa know surance rates have been cut nearly In that a «atisAad patient ia and shall alwaya ba the half. In Johnston, H. C„ K. M. Boyd, brat aaact. manager for the Carolina Public Serv Dr. Hof T. Hrdluad, Dr. SeymoHr S. Skitf, ice company, has devised a new type o f twenty-five foot pole with a twelve- Dr, J. Howard Miller, foot mast arm- sticking out on the street side so as to keep the poles DENTISTS. lined up on the curb hut get the wires away from the beautiful old elms and Talaphona. Marshall V6. water oaks that are the glory of John ston's highways. Anyone who has reen the ruin and mutilation left by fanatical tree trimmers will appreciate d Par cent gross profit in your own I l i l i lagiliinala husmea. Tha mora Mr. Boyd's device. The Ohio Electric I V tin»** you giva U»a greater yuur Light association reports that Its mem returns. Ha nrogrvsaiva. lw a hustler; bers have saved from three to five U ttar »ounodf !h»n't pass this opportun ity. W rits N O W fur nalUcular«, Popi. cents per ton on all coal handled at A M I) Malea Co.. 11& W liuthanan St.. certain of their power houses by put I‘urtlai*t, Otagun. ting In an eight hour day for firemen. This ought to Interest the old-timers who think twelve hours’ toll an In alienable right for engine room work er* Those three Items cover vital *ubjcct* and are only part of the grist in one Issue of a live technical Jour W e d in Handle A ll Y our Cream , nal. That's how our United States Poultry a rd E|| Shipm ent!. G ive goes along.—Colliers. DENTISTS, N e w H o u sto n H o tel M X T H ANI» KVKMCTT STO. Kimr llturV. fruni Union H l.tlon U n.I.r naw ni*ii**<-m»nt. All r.<oin. nnwly docmratod. SI’ KL'IAL HATKS HY W KKK OK M O N D I Itele* SOc. 75c. » 1 . I l ìO Ite« Ite, If you cannot coma to Portland to tfat your •y»»a At tad. I will a»nd you my method of In« «yea by mail. Not as daalrabia a* |»anM>n- al aarvtca hut much hatter than tfiuny with* out tflaaaaa nralsd Of trying to At yuuraalf. Outfit s**nt on aptdicatlnn. RT A 1*1*101, lha Jaw* alar-0|HIrian. '¿feb Morriaon at.. J^rlland. Oragon Portland Y . M. 0. A , Auto School !»ay and night c!a»ae« I*'*pert training In rapairing, driving and machina work, including forgo, lath#, shaper, drill prcas, fractura, ate 'lim e oniimitod. CoM I'K * TK.NT C H A U P K ht'R .S ANI* M K U iA N - ICS SU PP LIE D . WR1TK Utf CREAM CREAM CREAM HIDES, P E L T S , CAS CA R A BARK, W OO L AND M OHA IR . «• wut » rw ►**• Wfitt lor prKtl ml ilippa* hi« T h i H . F . N o r t o n C o . nrtuu, or». Jura», «m U t a l ial. W e Can Please Y ou. H a z e l w o o d C o ., P o r t l a n d Double Tread Puncture Proof Tire» Matla from your old ones. I-as l long as lira ad Saw TIIIKM Wrtta us O KM dfN \ t U A.NI7.lNC CO.. MO Washington St.. Portland. Ora ELECTRIC MOTORS •*, R ou a k l. S o ld . K .n l o d o n d K .p x lr o d ** » I — « \l,kl.lt 11!' IHI' VMllthS Bur Ibldo. cor. loth I'urlloitd. *>ro. Mother's Way Beat. Little Willie felt indisposed, and the family doctor ordered him to take u powder. •Tome on. dear," aald mother coax Ingly when the powder arrived, "take this; It will make you quite well at once." , "Don’t want t o !" wailed Willie, hacking away from the teaspoon. "Don’t want any medicine!" "Oh, Wllile," his mother said re prnachfully, as she drew the small boy near to her. "you’ve never heard me complain about a little powder, have you?" "No, und neither would I," was young William's startling reply, “ If I could Just put It on my face as you do. but I have to swallow It!"— Phil adelphla Public Ledger. The Lett Act. Into the Jeweler's shop canto a aim plo-looklnK old chap, with a quaint, old fashioned kitchen clock under one arm. "I want you to look at It." he aald, as he laid tho timepiece on the coun ter. "and tell me what's wrong." The Jeweler removed the dial of the clock, screwed hts magnifying glass Always keep Hanford's Balsam on Into ills oyo and poked about In the hand for accldcuts. It's good Insur cloek'a Intorlor. "Nothing wrong with It now," he an ance. Adv. nounced presently. “ It's sufferings Dairy Paragraphs. are over." "Well, what do I owe you?" asked Have a name for each cow, and the customer, thinking he bad repair i speak It when approaching her at ed the clock. | milking time. An occasional friendly "Nothing," replied the shopman. pat on a cow at such time will cause "You're mistaken. Thla Isn't profes her to give her milk down freely. Let sional treatment It's a ecroner’s In tha milking hours be a pleasant event quest."—Philadelphia Public ledger. | for the cow and her milker. Oats and Canada peas cut green A Cancellation. make a fine substitute for silage In A telegraph clerk In an outlying die midsummer. Cut when the oat heads trlct of the Sudan found thn desola I are Just beginning to form. An experienced dairy farmer gives tion getting the belter of his norves and telegraphed to headquarters: j this remedy for the cure of scours in Take common soup beans. "Can't stay here; am In danger of life; ; calves: surrounded by Ilona, elephanta and parch them like coffee (being careful ! they do not burn), grind them and wolves.” Tho hard hearted clerk at headquar give to calf. Ho says he has had good ters wired hack: "There are uo wolves i results with this treatment. In the S u d a n " It advertises Itself— Hanford's Hal The next day the desolate one re plied: "Referring to my wire of the sani. Adv. 16th, cancel wolves."— Philadelphia To Make Him Happy. Public Ledger. Old Peterby Is rich and stingy. In Worts Luckl the event cf his death, his nephew Is Men who are too lazy to work and I to Inherit his property. A friend of too proud to beg are usually too In the family said to the old gentleman “ I hear that your nephew Is golnp different to die.—Judge. to marry. On that occasion you ought to do something to make him happy.' "I will,” aald Mr. Peterby. “ I'll pre tend that I am dangerously 111." New sn.l itecoivl-hand BAGS Send 10c to Dr. Pierce Invalids’ Ho tel. Buffalo, for large trial package of ‘ 'Anuric” for kidneys, cures backache. Iturtap and Twin*. Tall your dealer you want ’ W INK I.K - M AN 'S QUALITY BECONDS." tha Pair, fo r Sorvica. Have him wrtta our nearest house. W1NK1-KMAN HAG A HURLAP CO„ 171 Front S t . Tacoma. Waah. Portland. Oroson. Oldaat and Larireat Second hand Hag Dealer, In tha Northwest. Ship Veal, Pork, Beef, Poultry, Butter, E g g s & Farm Produce Had a Proposal. "Had a proposal from any of the fair sex this leap year?" inquired Fitz noodle. "I have. I had a proposal from the yonng lady at my lodgings." "Phlloplls. but you aro in luck! How did she muster courage to mako It, and what did she say?" "W ell, you see, she keeps the books for her mother, so she came to me and proposed." "Yes, yes, lucky dog! Go on.” "She proposed that I pay up my ar rears or vacate.” —Chicago News. K ill A ll F l i e s ! "SL r*esd *nrwh*r».D«l«y f'v Kilter mttr» la l N sst, c I mh . c m ntronnU l, eoov sn isn t, ■ ■■Mil ' ■ I» I « a si a M alla« u mm a sL fliss. T o th « Old ItolUM« Ev«rding h«u«« with • r«cord o f 46 ysara of Stiuar« Dealing» and 1)« u a u rsd of Top Market Prices. F. M. CRONKHITE, 45-47 Front Si, P. N. U. [ W H I N writing to i TT « — U t , » !> » • « PORTLAND. ORE No. 26, 1016 ] I kills All d cheap. r jt r s T J Z S iï.'' 'värar IS YOUR STOMACH . IN A BAD CONDITION? TRY T JO S T E T T E R ’S J1- J L STOMACH BITTERS IT IS FOR INDIGESTION, BILIOUSNESS, MALARIA, FEVER AND AGUE An Effective Mask. "Such a lot of thing* happened this afternoon, dear," said Mrs. Young bride to her husband. "I complained to Norah about the stove not being blackened and she put on her things and left. Then 1 decided to black the stove myself, and right In tho midst of It who should call but Mrs. De Style." Wli-il In the world did you do?” “Just put some more bincktng on my face, went to the door and told her t wasn't In. And off she went, saying she would call again."— Boston Trans crlpL PAINS IN SIDE AND BACK How Mrs. Kelly Suffered and How She was Cured. Burlington, Wis.—“ I was very irreg ular, and had pains in my side and back, but niter t a k i n g Lydia E. Pink ham's V e g e t a b l e Com pound Tablets and using two bottles of tho Sanative Wash I am fully convinced that I am entirely cured o f these trou bles, and feel better ail over. * I know your remedies have dono mo worlds of jfood and I hope every suffering woman will give them a trial.” —Mrs. A nna K elly , 710 Chestnut Street, Burling ton, Wis. Tho many convincing tesUmonials con stantly published in the newspapers ought to bo proof enough to women who suffer from those distressing ills pecu liar to their sex that Lydia K.Finkham’i Vegetable Compound is the medicine they need. This good old root and herb remedy has proved unequalled for these dread ful ills ; it contains what is needed to restore woman's health and strength. NORTHWEST MARKET REPORTS; GENERAL CROP CONDITIONS Portland Wheat Bluestam, 96c per bushel; forty fold, 86c; club, 88c; r«d Fife, HSc; red Russian, 83c. Hay- Eastern Oregon timothy, $23 (H .24 per ton; valley timothy, 9186419; aifalfa, $146(16. Miilfeod—Spot prices; Bran, $266( 26.60 per ton; shorts, $29 29.60; rolled barley, $31.606(32.60. Corn— Whole, $37 ton; cracked, $38. V egetables r— Aritchokes, 76cfr/,|l per dozen; tomatoes, $1.60641.76 per crate; cabbage, $2642.76 per hundred; garlic, 10c per pound; peppers, 26c; eggplant, 16c; horseradish, 8Jc; let tuce, $1641.60 per crate; cucumbers, 76c64$1.26 per dozen; spinach, 46(6c per pound; asparagus, 76c64$l per Ordinary powders and dynamites dozen; rhubarb, 1$ 64 2c per pound; peas, 3)646c; cauliflower, $1.26 per waste much o f their energy by shatter crate; beans, 864124c per pound. ing and pulverizing. T o get thqbest Potatoes — Old, $1.60; California, new, 2642 )c per pound. results in land-clearing operations the explosives Onions — California red and yellow, should disrupt, crack, split and heave the stumps $3.26 per sack. Green Fruit— Strawberries, $1.8664 and at the same time lift and remove the roots for 1.90 per crate; apple«, new, $2 per easy handling. The explosives that do this are box; cherries, 66410c per pound; can taloupes, 90c64$2.76 per crate; apri cots, $1.36641.60 per box; peaches, $1.16; watermelon, 24642 )c per pound; figs. $1641.50 per box. Eggs — Oregon ranch, current re P I N O ---- A O R I C U L T U P A J L ceipts, 216422 c per dozen; rots and cracks out, 236424c; extras, 24 Jc. — made by a Western Company especially to meet Pacific Poultry — Hens, 14c per pound; Coast conditions. More than 2,OCX),000 pounds used every stags, 10c; broilers, 166418 c turkeys, year for stump blasting in Washington and Oregon alone. live, 206421 c ; dressed, choice, 2364 26c; ducks, 166420c; geese, 96610c. There are two Giant Farm Powders — Giant Stumping Butter-—Cubes, extras, 25Jc; prime Powders for wet soil and Eureka Stumping Powder for blast firsts, 25c; firsts, 24)c; seconds, 22c. ing in dry soil. They do their work at the lowest possible cost. Jobbing prices; Prints, extras, 2764 29c; butterfat. No. 1, 27c; No. 2, 26c, Test one case. Compare it with any explosive that you Portland. have ever used. After you have blasted a dozen stumps you Veal— Fancy, 11@ 11 )c per pound. will understand why those who have once used them always Pork— Fancy, 11c per pound. continue to use Giant Farm Powders. Hops — 1915 crops, 9$ (g) H e per pound; 1916 contracts, nominal. tell« how to «ave money in land-clearing. It Wool — Eastern Oregon, fine, 2364 Our free book on «hows how to make land-clearing eaiier by 26jc per pound; coarse, 306432c; val Giant Farm Powder«. We have other S tu m p Blasting using ley. 326(34c. books on Boulder Blasting, Tree Planting, Cascara Bark— Old and new, 4c per Subsoil Blasting, and Ditch Blasting. Write today for the book in whicb you are interested. Your name on a post-card will bring it. pound. Cattle— Steers, choice grass, $7.7664 THE GIANT POWDER CO., Con., JBB. San Francisco 8.25; good, $7.60647.75; cows, choice, $6.76647.60; good, $6.25646.60; heif * * E veryth in g f o r B lasting ers, $5.50 64 5.75; bulls, $3 64 5.75; B R A N C H O F F IC E S : S a attU . S p o k « a « . Portland. Salt Laka C k y . D»srr«r stagB, $4.60647. H og s— Prime light, $8.05 64 8.25; good to prime, $ 8648 . 06 ; rough heavy, $7.60647.76; piff» end skips, $6.606$ Live on $8 a Month. 7.10. University of Washington, SeatUe.— Sheop— Yearlings, $6.50 @ 7 .2 5 ; wethers, $5.50646.75; ewes, $4.7564 Those who fret and stew over the high cost of living received an awful Jolt 5.50; lambs, $7648.85. this semester, when two students and M K e e p Kids Kleen two alumni of the university admitted TK» mo * practical. heskWul playtime Feed Grain Prices Remain Firm. that their total Individual living ex garments ever invented far children I to penses for the semester, Including tel 0 years of age. Made in one piece with Portland— The oats and barley mar ephone and electric lights, averaged drop back. Eanlv dipped on or a t. Laxily washed. No ticht elastic bonds kets became stronger at all points on $8 per month. The men live In a cozl- 1 to atop circulation. Made in blue denim, and blue and white hickory ly furnished houseboat on Lake Wash the Coast as it is believed the govern •thpes for ail the yeer round. Abo ington, close to the campus. They do lighter weight, last-color material a ment will require a considerable sup their own housekeeping and cooking dark blue, cadet blue, ten or dark red for summer wear, all appropriately ply of these feed cereals on the border and have cut their expenses to the » uuned with fa*-«olor nalntan. Made in Dutch neck with elbow and in Mexico. No army orders have minimum, although enjoying most of the comforts of home. deeves and high neck and ioog been issued for supplies other than Each man takes his turn week by those already contracted for, so far week at doing the work, and friction 7 5 c the suit is unknown. V your dealer as known, but traders took for buying e will tend the _____ we aced them. ck *njw pr¿ál 1 receipt of price. 75c for this account before long. For the W O N D E R F U L HOW R E S IN O L f r e e S T O P S S K IN T O R M E N T S present it is likely the quartermaster’s Bewve oHmiteliora Look far department will be amply supplied with The soothing, healing medication In i f od e b y dir T wo Horn, ao the Lsbd. L e v i Strauss & Co., San Francisco feed stuffs previously ordered sent to resinol ointment and resinol soap A»>,d»d GRAND PRIZE at (to P.P.I.E. soothes and cools the Irritated skin, the regular army posts, which will be and usually stops itching at once. The resinol treatment speedily heals ecze delivered to border points. Had Made Start Although the oats market has gained ma, ringworm, and similar eruptions, and clears away disfiguring pimples in strength, there has been no specula even when other treatments have been Pete, the hired man. was known for his prodigious appetite. One morning tive trading in the country. Oats almost useless. Resinol is not an experiment. It is holders are still willing to sell at $26. a doctor's prescription which proved he had eaten a normal breakfast of At the Merchants’ exchange $25.50 to so wonderfully successful for skin oatmeal, buckwheat cakes, toast, fried 26.75 was bid, prices 25 to 75 cents troubles that it has been used by other potatoes, ham, eggs, doughnuts, coffea over the offers o f Wednesday. No doctors all over the country for twenty and the usual trimmings, and gone to barley is being offered for sale here, years. Every druggist sells resinol the neighbor’s to help with extra wortL Pete arrived before the family had but at San Francisco futures were ointment and resinol soap.—Adv. risen from the morning meal. higher. California barley can be laid All Deliveries in Rear. "W ell, Pete," hospitably inquired the down in Portland at practically $28. Barry Sullivan, the tragedian, was farmer, "had breakfast yet?” There was no trading in wheat. “ Aw." drawled Pete in a wheedling ITices at the exchange averaged a cent playing Richard III on one occasion. tone, “ kinda.” —Everybody’s Magazine. When the actor came to the words, higher, in response to the Chicago ad "A horse, a horse! My kingdom for a vance. The rain has improved the horse!” someone from the gallery call Always Have It on Hand. Northwestern crop fully 5 per cent. In ed out, "Wouldn't a donkey do as well, Don't wait until you get scalded or some parts of Oregon the gain is esti Mr. Sullivan?” burned because that will mean much mated at 15 per cent. “ Yes.” replied the tragedian, turning suffering while you are sending to the quickly to the interrupter, "Please dealer's for Hanford's Balsam of Myrrh. Always- have it on hand and come around to the stage door." Atlantic Freight Rates Decline. be prepared for accidents. The Bal Cuts clear to the bone have been sam should give you quick relief. Adv. Several commodity markets have healed by Hanford's Balsam. Adv. been more or less influenced by the in Wise Cur. His Status. creased supply of freight room and a Traveler— Here, landlord, what's tha consequent reduction in freight rates, "What are you, my man, a plain matter with your dog? I've driven him away a dozen times, but he comes says a news bulletin issued by Rens- tramp?” “ You may say so, mum. Or, if you back and sits close to my chair, watch- korf, Lyon & Co., o f New York. wish to follow the plan so prevalent I ing every mouthful I take. Do turn Coffee has declined and cotton has these days of giving everything a spe him out and let me have my dinner in peace. had an advance in this country as a re cial name— ” Landlord— Ah, sir. my Carlo Is such “ Yes?” sult o f the improvement in the freight "You might call me an efficiency ex a knowing brute! I expect you’ve the plate he usually eats off of. situation, but so far sugar has not re pert.” —Louisville Courier-Journal. r KOVERALLS A£ r sponded by any decline. The fact that the stand taken by this country has checked the activity of the Ge rman submarines has improved the freight situation and reduced insurance rates. There has been a large fleet that was tied up by ice in North Russian waters released and the allies have turned back into commercial life many boats that have been used as transports. It looks as if during the summer freight congestion at the ports will be, in a great measure, relieved and this is bound to benefit generally American business. Wheat Sellers Withdraw. Portland— Although wheat prices ad vanced 2 cents at Chicago because of 'D a i s y F ly K i l l . r er I aval the prospect o f war with Mexico, local Il.OS. MA MOLO SOMIIKS, ISO P»Rsl« *»•., IrMfel ly», N.T. grain men were unable to see why the market should have been affected at a ll Nevertheless, the traders at the Q Granulated Eyelids, Merchants’ Exchange considered it Eye, inflamed by txro- wise to be on the safe side and, there - - Ossi * and I Sin! V ,ure to Sis, iekly relieved by Narine I f there Is nny peculiarity ia fore, withdrew from the market as sel F v A f i ai,i-ff e i ir No Smarting, yoar case requiring special ad lers. There were the usual number of t y v S ï ju,t T ? Ere ’( Comfort. At vice, w rite the Lydia K. l ’ in k - bids, but except for August delivery, ff» 50c per Bottle. Marls« tya hara M edicine Co. (confidential), they were the same as Saturday's and Your Druggiat1 __ ___ 25c.ForDeoksllkeEyerres.uk SalvsinTune, as wheat cannot be bought anywhere Druggiti, or Maria« Eye Beatdy C«., Chicago L ynn, Alasi., for free advice. near the prices named, no risk was run. » avari svili*■ not aoll «r “ A N U R I C ” The Latest Discovery In Medicine. Why Suffer From Backache, Lumbago, Rheumatism? It is now asserted with confidence ' because old people usually suffer rrotn that these painful effects due to uric hardening and thickening of the walls of the arteries, due to the excess of acid In the system are entirely eradl-; uric acid in the blood and tissues. rated. A remedy, called “ ANURIC,” Dr. Pierce, chief physician at the has been discovered by Dr. Pierce in j Invalids’ Hotel and Surgical Institute, his hospital practice, which he be Buffalo, N. Y., has been testing this lieves is thirty-seven times more po wonderful medicine for the relief of tent than lithia, and is the cause of a overworked and weakened kidneys. drainage outward of the uric acid with The relief obtained by sufferers haa which it comes in contact within the been so satisfactory that he determin body. It will ward off backache, head ed to place “ ANURIC” with the princi ache. and the darting pains and aches pal druggists in town where people of articular or muscular rheumatism could get this ready-to-use medicine. “ ANURIC" is not harmful or poison —o f those diseases which are caused i by too much uric acid, such as gout, ous, but aids niture* in throwing off asthma, sciatica, or sore, stiff, aching those poisons within the body which cause so much suffering, pain and Joints. When the kidneys are weak or dis misery. If you want quick relief buy i t new eased, these natural filters do not cleanse the blood sufficiently, and the — or send Dr. Pierce 10c. for trial pkg- poisons are carried to all parts of the or $1.00 for full treatment This will body. There follow depression, aches prove to you that "Anuric" ellminatea and pains, heaviness, drowsiness, Ir uric acid from the system as h a t' ritability. "ANURIC" prolongs Ufa melts sugar.