r FALLS CITY NE VOI,. XI WIRELESS SOON TO SPAN EARTH Only War Broken Links of Chain Missing. NEW STATION NOW IN JAPAN From M a in Lin # Sytto m W ill E aton d In A ll Directions, and Netw ork W ill Pu t A lm o st E ve ry C ity In W o rld In Q uick C om m unieation W ith A ll tho Others. ^ 7 New York.—The opcutUK o f the Jap anese Marconi wireless plum at Kuna- bushL near Yokohama, with messages lo the Marconi etatlou at Koko Head. Hawaii, extended the Marcoul service lu-urly two thirds the way around the globe. I f the war had not Interfered with the creation o f the British Im perial chain It might hnve been possi ble by this time to relay a message by wireless all the way around the world. The first message from the new sta tion In Japan was received In this city by ,'Uwurd J. Kally. vice president und k\ncral manager of the Marconi tVIre 1 A s Telegraph Company of Amer- h a P^traveled In tbo air 3.355 miles from Japan to Hawaii and then 2.087 ml’cs from Hawaii to San Francisco A station at I’etrograd Is now In con stant communication with the Mar- coul plant at Carnarvon. Wales. From rilfdrn . Ireland, messages are sent across the Atlantic to Cope Glaco. The new Marconi plant at Belmar. N. J , has sent messages across the Fnlted State« to the station on Roltnns bay. a few miles from San Francisco. Photo by American Tress Association. I ALLS CITY. OREGON, SATURDAY. AUGUST 21. 1915 In spite o f the war. It Is Intended by the British Marconi company to push the Imperial chain lo completion, and In a year or a little more It will be possible to relay messages around the | 2 .", j » ni tulles o f the earth's clrrumfer- I nice, a distance whbdi for prurtleal purposes Is Increased considerably Ite- cauae the nine stations are not ou parallels o f latitude Froin the main lino round the earth the wlrelesa system wilt etftcnd In all directions, covering not only ¡Europe and North America, but Asia. South America, Africa and the Islands of the orient with a network which wlM put almost every city In the world in quick communication with almost all o f the others. The Marconi wireless stations In Han Francisco. Hawaii and Japan are the most powerful In the world The trans mitting apparatus nt each station Is equipped with thirteen towers, eucb 400 feet high They have :«** kilowatt transmitters, wlilclf are throe times as (■owerful as those used at the Hayvllle station In sending messages to Kauen. Germany, 4,000 miles uwny. EMBARGO IS FAVORED DR C J HEXAMER WOULD HAVE AM ERIC A STOP SENDINQ A R M S President of Oerman-Ameriean Alli ance Tells of Efforts to Bring Oood Features of German Life. Thai the United States Govern ment is wrong m its policy o f per mitting the exportation o f arms to the beligerent European countries was the declaration made by Dr. C. J. Hexamer, o f Philadelphia, president o f the German-American Alliance, who arrived in Portland Sunday night after attending the convention o f that organization held in San Francisco. " I will admit that Americans have the legal right to ship arms,” said Dr. Hexamer, “ but this Gov ernment should not consider mere ly the legal right, hut should take the lead in humanitarianism and place an embargo upon arms.” Dr. Hexamer said last night that the German-American Alli ance was not primarily a German organization, but was rather a pa triotic American Alliance. “ We, as an organization,” he said, “ are attempting to introduce into the United States worth-while features of the German culture and features o f her educational system; methods o f city govern ment, and, in fact, all the features o f German life which we feel would benefit this country. We are doing this for the good o f this country rather than to extend the influence o f Germany.” O D O L1B LM O U A K O O N I. , V f * 4 although the Marconi company uses wire communication In Its transconti nental service. Sun Francisco has been In wireless communication for nearly a year with the Marconi station nt Koko head on Oahu Island. In Hawaii, and recently mo*Hugos fur tho first time were ex changed between Koko head and the Nlatloti at Funabashl, Japan. Wireless communication from Japan extends to Vladivostok, Russia, and to various points In China and the orient. The next link of the chain around the world will he from Japan to Singa pore on the Malay peninsula, extend ing the system o f direct wireless oom- munlcatlon about 3,000 miles farther. A station at Singapore was to have been erected as part o f the Rrltlsh im perial chain, but It has been delayed, although It was said at the Marconi offices that. It probably would be com pleted within a year. The next great station west o f Singa pore Is to be at Bangalore, capital of Mysore. India. Then the next Is to be nt Aden, cn the southernmost tip of Arabia. The last link o f tho chain will he at Alexandria. Egypt, which will send messnges east to Aden and west to Carnarvon, Wales. Latest Society Fad The latest fad in society is the tub cure. In this the patient arises just as the crisp air o f the morning is mellowed by the first sunbeam. An ordinary washtub is then filled with hot water and soapsuds, into which various ai- ticles o f linen are thrown. A fter they are thoroughly saturated the patient takes them up one at a time and rubs them briskly up and down on a washboard placed in the tub. This is kept up until the hands, arms and face are glowing pink. The patient then goes into the open air and hangs all the linen articles on a line stretched for that purpose. The one completing the task first an nounces the time to the others over the telephone, and is entitled to a prize. It is exciting sport and also invigorating exercise. • No. 51 STANDARD OIL WAGE DECLARED TOO LOW INVESTIGATORS BLAMES COMPANY FOR STRIKES Pay Declared Below Cost of Com fortable Living Chicago, Aug. 15, - The report o f George P. West and C. T. Chen- ery. who investigated the July, 1915, strike o f the Standard Oil Company employes at Bayonne, N. J., for the United States Com mission on Industrial Relations, was made public tonight by Frank P. Walsh, chairman o f the com mission. The report said in part, after stating that the strike was against the Standard Oil Company o f New Jersey: “ The company is the most im portant of the Standard Oil group and this group is the principal contributor to the wealth, prestige and power of the largest estate in the country, if not in the world, that o f Johq D. Rockefeller, Sr., and his immediate family. The facts regarding the company’s la bor policies must, therefore, be regarded as o f special significance because o f the tremendous power wielded by the group o f men who control this industry and because o f their announced intention to enter the field of indstrial rela tions with a view to widening their influence and activity, prop- ogating what they deem to be the proper theories and principles that should govern the relations be tween employer and employe.” 1—“WOOL” IS WOOL IN OUR STORE. 2 WE’VE COT THE SIZES. WE CRN FIT VOU. 3-O U R STYLE IS RIGHT. 4 OUR QUALITY IS HIGH. 5 OUR PRICE IS LOW. SPECIAL REDUCED PRICES NOW ON CLOTH ING. N. SELIG’S FALLS CITY D E P A R T M E N T STORE Wages Deemed Too Low The following findings o f fact are to be considered in the fight of the foregoing: “ The Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, although conducting an enormously profitable enter prise. pays wa^es too low to main tain a family on a comfortable and healthful basis. “ It fixes wages, not with rela tion to the earnings o f the com pany, but by taking into consider ation wages paid by other compa nies in the same locality and then fixing the wage as low or lower than the prevailing wage in that locality. In Bayonne it paid com mon labores less than those o f two companies whose plants adjoin its refineries. This is in direct contradiction to the claims o f the company in a statement issued at 26 Broadway that it has always paid the prevailing wage or better. The statement o f the general manager o f the company that the interests o f other companies in the same locality are considered in the fixing of wages constitutes in effect an admission that the company combines with the poor est and least generous employers to fix the wage rate. biology of the University o f Pitts burg. Professor Johnson, after an ex tensive investigation, finds that by all college girls there is con tributed to the race only four-fifths of a child per capita, while among honor students the per capita is only one-fifth o f a child. The investigation conducted by Professor Johnson includes the marriage records of the alumnae o f Wellesley, Byrn Mawyr, Smith, Vassar, Mount Holyoke and W il son. The number o f marriages among the graduates of these in stitutions reaches an average of only 39 per cent. “ The number o f children," says Professor Johnson, “ necessary to sustain a stationary population from these groups should be about 3.7 per woman student. Among honor students only about 35 per cent marry, and from these only two-tenths o f a child is contributed for duplication o f their kind. “ There are three causes for this abnormally low birth rate:— First lack o f co-education; sec ond. failure o f their education to make them desirous o f having a home of their own; third, the ex cessive limitation of student's op COLLEGE WOMEN FAIL AS MOTHERS portunities for social life. Biologist Say Race M u st Put Hope Elsewhere Pittsburg, Aug. 15.—That there is little hope o f continuing the race if the country is to depend on col lege women, is apparently shown in an investigation conducted by Roswell H. Johnson, professor of THE BOY WHO CAH DREAM It is a good thing for the farmer boy to have an imagination. It is a good thing for him to “ dream dreams and see visions.” It takes a dreamer to see the transforma tion that intelligent effort will bring to pass on the old place. It takes a dreamer to see how much more desirable that place will be in ten years than a job in a dry goods store. It is the boy who dreams who sees a field of thrifty alfalfa where that stunted yellow corn is grow ing on that timber forty. It is the boy who dreams that sees those hungry looking cows with burrs in their tails replaced by a herd o f dairy matrons that tax the capacity o f the milk cans at every milking. It is the boy who dreams of a waving corn field where cat-tails are growing, that sees a woven wire fence in place o f the old hedge, and a ne w barn where the cow shed is falling to pieces. W e need more dreamers on the farm .—Prairie Farmer. GERMAHS WILL VOTE CREDIT OF TWO BILLIOR Berlin. Aug. 18.— A majority of the Socialist members o f the Reich stag will vote in favor o f a new credit of over $2,000.000.000 when that body convenes tomorrow. This support o f the government will be given, it was stated today, despite the opposition of Dr. Carl Liebknecht, the Socialist leader. Dr- Liebkecht will ask the gov ernment regarding terms Ger many would consider toward reaching a peace agreement. It is expected he will be given sup port by some members of his par ty who may quit the Reichstag chamber as a silent protest against the war. The labor element in Germany is insisting upon action against food speculators and opposing certain landsturm orders which have been issued.