Falls City news. (Falls City, Or.) 190?-19??, August 21, 1915, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    r
FALLS CITY NE
VOI,. XI
WIRELESS SOON
TO SPAN EARTH
Only War Broken Links of
Chain Missing.
NEW STATION NOW IN JAPAN
From M a in Lin # Sytto m W ill E aton d
In A ll Directions, and Netw ork W ill
Pu t A lm o st E ve ry C ity In W o rld In
Q uick C om m unieation W ith A ll tho
Others.
^
7
New York.—The opcutUK o f the Jap­
anese Marconi wireless plum at Kuna-
bushL near Yokohama, with messages
lo the Marconi etatlou at Koko Head.
Hawaii, extended the Marcoul service
lu-urly two thirds the way around the
globe. I f the war had not Interfered
with the creation o f the British Im­
perial chain It might hnve been possi­
ble by this time to relay a message by
wireless all the way around the world.
The first message from the new sta­
tion In Japan was received In this city
by ,'Uwurd J. Kally. vice president
und k\ncral manager of the Marconi
tVIre 1 A s Telegraph Company of Amer-
h a P^traveled In tbo air 3.355 miles
from Japan to Hawaii and then 2.087
ml’cs from Hawaii to San Francisco
A station at I’etrograd Is now In con­
stant communication with the Mar-
coul plant at Carnarvon. Wales. From
rilfdrn . Ireland, messages are sent
across the Atlantic to Cope Glaco.
The new Marconi plant at Belmar.
N. J , has sent messages across the
Fnlted State« to the station on Roltnns
bay. a few miles from San Francisco.
Photo by American Tress Association.
I ALLS CITY. OREGON, SATURDAY. AUGUST 21. 1915
In spite o f the war. It Is Intended by
the British Marconi company to push
the Imperial chain lo completion, and
In a year or a little more It will be
possible to relay messages around the
| 2 .", j » ni tulles o f the earth's clrrumfer-
I nice, a distance whbdi for prurtleal
purposes Is Increased considerably Ite-
cauae the nine stations are not ou
parallels o f latitude
Froin the main lino round the earth
the wlrelesa system wilt etftcnd In all
directions, covering not only ¡Europe
and North America, but Asia. South
America, Africa and the Islands of the
orient with a network which wlM put
almost every city In the world in quick
communication with almost all o f the
others.
The Marconi wireless stations In Han
Francisco. Hawaii and Japan are the
most powerful In the world The trans­
mitting apparatus nt each station Is
equipped with thirteen towers, eucb
400 feet high They have :«** kilowatt
transmitters, wlilclf are throe times as
(■owerful as those used at the Hayvllle
station In sending messages to Kauen.
Germany, 4,000 miles uwny.
EMBARGO IS FAVORED
DR C J HEXAMER WOULD HAVE
AM ERIC A STOP SENDINQ A R M S
President of Oerman-Ameriean Alli­
ance Tells of Efforts to Bring
Oood Features of German Life.
Thai the United States Govern­
ment is wrong m its policy o f per­
mitting the exportation o f arms to
the beligerent European countries
was the declaration made by Dr.
C. J. Hexamer, o f Philadelphia,
president o f the German-American
Alliance, who arrived in Portland
Sunday night after attending the
convention o f that organization
held in San Francisco.
" I will admit that Americans
have the legal right to ship arms,”
said Dr. Hexamer, “ but this Gov­
ernment should not consider mere­
ly the legal right, hut should take
the lead in humanitarianism and
place an embargo upon arms.”
Dr. Hexamer said last night
that the German-American Alli­
ance was not primarily a German
organization, but was rather a pa­
triotic American Alliance.
“ We, as an organization,” he
said, “ are attempting to introduce
into the United States worth-while
features of the German culture
and features o f her educational
system; methods o f city govern­
ment, and, in fact, all the features
o f German life which we feel
would benefit this country. We
are doing this for the good o f this
country rather than to extend the
influence o f Germany.”
O D O L1B LM O U A K O O N I.
,
V
f
*
4
although the Marconi company uses
wire communication In Its transconti­
nental service.
Sun Francisco has been In wireless
communication for nearly a year with
the Marconi station nt Koko head on
Oahu Island. In Hawaii, and recently
mo*Hugos fur tho first time were ex­
changed between Koko head and the
Nlatloti at Funabashl, Japan. Wireless
communication from Japan extends to
Vladivostok, Russia, and to various
points In China and the orient.
The next link of the chain around
the world will he from Japan to Singa­
pore on the Malay peninsula, extend­
ing the system o f direct wireless oom-
munlcatlon about 3,000 miles farther.
A station at Singapore was to have
been erected as part o f the Rrltlsh im­
perial chain, but It has been delayed,
although It was said at the Marconi
offices that. It probably would be com­
pleted within a year.
The next great station west o f Singa­
pore Is to be at Bangalore, capital of
Mysore. India. Then the next Is to be
nt Aden, cn the southernmost tip of
Arabia. The last link o f tho chain will
he at Alexandria. Egypt, which will
send messnges east to Aden and west
to Carnarvon, Wales.
Latest Society Fad
The latest fad in society is the
tub cure. In this the patient
arises just as the crisp air o f the
morning is mellowed by the first
sunbeam. An ordinary washtub
is then filled with hot water and
soapsuds, into which various ai-
ticles o f linen are thrown. A fter
they are thoroughly saturated the
patient takes them up one at a
time and rubs them briskly up
and down on a washboard placed
in the tub. This is kept up until
the hands, arms and face are
glowing pink. The patient then
goes into the open air and hangs
all the linen articles on a line
stretched for that purpose. The
one completing the task first an­
nounces the time to the others
over the telephone, and is entitled
to a prize. It is exciting sport
and also invigorating exercise. •
No. 51
STANDARD OIL WAGE
DECLARED TOO LOW
INVESTIGATORS BLAMES COMPANY
FOR STRIKES
Pay Declared Below Cost of Com­
fortable Living
Chicago, Aug. 15, - The report
o f George P. West and C. T. Chen-
ery. who investigated the July,
1915, strike o f the Standard Oil
Company employes at Bayonne,
N. J., for the United States Com­
mission on Industrial Relations,
was made public tonight by Frank
P. Walsh, chairman o f the com­
mission. The report said in part,
after stating that the strike was
against the Standard Oil Company
o f New Jersey:
“ The company is the most im­
portant of the Standard Oil group
and this group is the principal
contributor to the wealth, prestige
and power of the largest estate in
the country, if not in the world,
that o f Johq D. Rockefeller, Sr.,
and his immediate family. The
facts regarding the company’s la­
bor policies must, therefore, be
regarded as o f special significance
because o f the tremendous power
wielded by the group o f men who
control this industry and because
o f their announced intention to
enter the field of indstrial rela­
tions with a view to widening
their influence and activity, prop-
ogating what they deem to be the
proper theories and principles that
should govern the relations be­
tween employer and employe.”
1—“WOOL” IS WOOL IN OUR STORE.
2 WE’VE COT THE SIZES. WE CRN FIT VOU.
3-O U R STYLE IS RIGHT.
4 OUR QUALITY IS HIGH.
5 OUR PRICE IS LOW.
SPECIAL REDUCED PRICES NOW ON CLOTH­
ING.
N. SELIG’S
FALLS CITY D E P A R T M E N T STORE
Wages Deemed Too Low
The following findings o f fact
are to be considered in the fight
of the foregoing:
“ The Standard Oil Company of
New Jersey, although conducting
an enormously profitable enter­
prise. pays wa^es too low to main­
tain a family on a comfortable and
healthful basis.
“ It fixes wages, not with rela­
tion to the earnings o f the com­
pany, but by taking into consider­
ation wages paid by other compa­
nies in the same locality and then
fixing the wage as low or lower
than the prevailing wage in that
locality. In Bayonne it paid com­
mon labores less than those o f
two companies whose plants adjoin
its refineries. This is in direct
contradiction to the claims o f the
company in a statement issued at
26 Broadway that it has always
paid the prevailing wage or better.
The statement o f the general
manager o f the company that the
interests o f other companies in
the same locality are considered
in the fixing of wages constitutes
in effect an admission that the
company combines with the poor­
est and least generous employers
to fix the wage rate.
biology of the University o f Pitts­
burg.
Professor Johnson, after an ex­
tensive investigation, finds that
by all college girls there is con­
tributed to the race only four-fifths
of a child per capita, while among
honor students the per capita is
only one-fifth o f a child.
The investigation conducted by
Professor Johnson includes the
marriage records of the alumnae
o f Wellesley, Byrn Mawyr, Smith,
Vassar, Mount Holyoke and W il­
son. The number o f marriages
among the graduates of these in­
stitutions reaches an average of
only 39 per cent.
“ The number o f children," says
Professor Johnson, “ necessary to
sustain a stationary population
from these groups should be about
3.7 per woman student. Among
honor students only about 35 per
cent marry, and from these only
two-tenths o f a child is contributed
for duplication o f their kind.
“ There are three causes for
this abnormally low birth rate:—
First lack o f co-education; sec­
ond. failure o f their education to
make them desirous o f having a
home of their own; third, the ex­
cessive limitation of student's op­
COLLEGE WOMEN FAIL AS MOTHERS portunities for social life.
Biologist Say Race M u st Put Hope
Elsewhere
Pittsburg, Aug. 15.—That there
is little hope o f continuing the race
if the country is to depend on col­
lege women, is apparently shown
in an investigation conducted by
Roswell H. Johnson, professor of
THE BOY WHO CAH DREAM
It is a good thing for the farmer
boy to have an imagination. It is
a good thing for him to “ dream
dreams and see visions.” It takes
a dreamer to see the transforma­
tion that intelligent effort will
bring to pass on the old place. It
takes a dreamer to see how much
more desirable that place will be
in ten years than a job in a dry
goods store.
It is the boy who dreams who
sees a field of thrifty alfalfa where
that stunted yellow corn is grow­
ing on that timber forty. It is
the boy who dreams that sees
those hungry looking cows with
burrs in their tails replaced by a
herd o f dairy matrons that tax
the capacity o f the milk cans at
every milking. It is the boy who
dreams of a waving corn field
where cat-tails are growing, that
sees a woven wire fence in place
o f the old hedge, and a ne w barn
where the cow shed is falling to
pieces.
W e need more dreamers on the
farm .—Prairie Farmer.
GERMAHS WILL VOTE
CREDIT OF TWO BILLIOR
Berlin. Aug. 18.— A majority of
the Socialist members o f the Reich­
stag will vote in favor o f a new
credit of over $2,000.000.000 when
that body convenes tomorrow.
This support o f the government
will be given, it was stated today,
despite the opposition of Dr. Carl
Liebknecht, the Socialist leader.
Dr- Liebkecht will ask the gov­
ernment regarding terms Ger­
many would consider
toward
reaching a peace agreement. It
is expected he will be given sup­
port by some members of his par­
ty who may quit the Reichstag
chamber as a silent protest against
the war.
The labor element in Germany
is insisting upon action against
food speculators and opposing
certain landsturm orders which
have been issued.