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FALLS CITY NEWS
FALLS CITY, OREGON. SATURDAY. APRIL 11. 1914
THE BEST A N D T H E WORST.
It D i p m a Uptn th« U«« I t Whlah
tli« Human T«ngu« la P u t
It ia Mid by iEsop, the celebrated
fabulist, that he wmi at one time the
•erritnt of a philosopher named
Xanthua. One day Xanthna wished
to give a grand dinner to aome of
hia distinguished friends, and ha in-
etructed iCaop to buy for the occa-
aion the very best things in the
market. A£aop went to market, pur
chased a great number of tonguea,
and told the cook to serve them
with different aaucea
When the dinner was ready there
was tongue in all styles and not one
thing else. Xanthus was enraged.
Ha called .iGaop to him and said:
“ I ordered you to buy the very
best things in the market. Why did
you not obey meF*
" I did obey you, in aster," j£aop
replied. 'T s there anything better
than ton gu e! Ia not the tongue
the bond o f civil society, the key
o f science and the organ o f truth
and reason? Ia it not by means of
tha tongue that citiea are built and
governments established and in
structed ? Do not man instruct, per
suade and prcaido in aasetnblies by
using their tongue»?”
"III azeuaa you this time," said
Xanthua, "fo r your reasoning ia
truly good ; but these ume friends
will dins with roe tomorrow, and m
I wish to diversify my entertain
ment, go to tha market again and
buy the worst tbinga you can find."
The dinner the neat day consist-
ad o f nothiakg but tonguo. Xanthua,
violently angry, demanded an ex
planation of iEeop.
“ Master," aaid the servant, “ you
told me to buy for thia dinner the
w on t tilings I could find. Ia there
anything woraa than tongue ? Is not
the tongue the instrument o f strife
and contention, tha fomenter of
lawsuits and the source o f divisions
aani wars? Is not the tongue the
organ o f error, e f falsehood, o f cal
umny, of blasphemy F’
ifiaop was not puniahod, for he
convinced Xanthua that the tongue,
when used aright, is the beat o f all
things, and tha rery worst when put
to a wrong use.
Warned |n a D ru m .
On the occasion of a fatal acci
dent to a lift in a Paris hotel aome
years ago a lady who was just going
up in it started back, suying, “ Oh,
there is that dreadful man again I"
and tried to induce her husband to
come off it, too, but he refused and
was among th«*. killed. The “ dread
ful man" to whom she referred she
had seen in a dream, which the
niece of the friend who told me the
story had heard her relate a day or
two before tha accident. It was of
a funeral drawn up at her door, so
pompous as to produce a great im-
ression on her, presided over by a
ig dark man in a strange sombrero
h at This man she aaw, or believed
■he m w , in the lift and the coinci
dence terrified her from going up
in it.— London Notea and Queries
Wh«n Children Smoked.
In Anne’s reign almost every one
in England smoked. In Charles I l.’a
reign “ children were sent to school
with their pipes in their satchels,
and the schoolmaster called a halt
in their atudiea while they smoked."
In 1702 Jorevin spent on evening
with his brother at Uarraway’ a co f
fee house, Leeds, and writes: “ I was
surprised to too hia sickly child of
throe years old fill its pine o f to
bacco and smoke it as auafarandly
as a man of threescore. After that
a second and third pipe without tha
least concern, aa it ia M id to have
dona above a year ago."
But Y «t ■ Man.
“ I suppose I have about the moat
thoughtful, kind and considerate
husband in the world," alie was say
ing sadly. “ When he comes home
at about 2 o f the morning, turns all
the lights on and wakes me out of a
sound sleep ho always Myt in the
moat polite way imaginable:
“ ‘ Don’t let mo disturb you, dear.
Dut will you plcaso help tne unfas
ten this collar button?*” — New
TH* Child’« Advic«.
Littlo Arthur stood peering down
into tho countenance o f hia babv
■iater, whom the nurse was singing
"Say, nurse," he finally whispered,
" it’s nearly unconscious, isn’t it?”
The nurse nodded in the affirma
tive and song on.
"Then don’ t sing any more or
you'll kill it!” — Lippincott’s.
"Dora, would you ho willing to
marry a young man who has to make
hia own way in the world and who
has nothing but hi« love for yon to
recommend him ?”
"Certainly, Gerald, if I cared
enough for him, but at present I
don’t know o f ony stirh young man
Frosty weather, isn’t it?” — Chicago
SCALES OF FISHES.
A b iy « Couldn’t Understand It, F«r H«
Did His Bast to Kill.
FaaWut Foreaa Thay Muat Raaiat Ba-
fora Tima For Explosion.
l o m i Too Tiny to Bo Soon, Othara aa
Big aa Silvar Dollar«.
A story thut illustrates one o !
the extraordinary points of view
with which American official« in the
Philippines have to deal ia told by
former Commissioner Dean C. Wor
cester in the Nationu! Geographic
A wild Tinguiun named Abava
bad a comiaiouado or agent who
sold hia products for him at the
provincial capital of North Uocos.
The comision&do in turn had a Ne-
rito slave, whom lie suspected of
esigning to escape. When Abaya
came in with a black load of tobac
co, the comiaionado told him to
take hia head ax and kill the slave,
who was cutting firewood in (he
neighboring grove. The comision-
ado further told Abaya that ho him-
aelf would kill a big hog and give
him half of it in payment for the
Abaya cheerfully sought
out the unsuspecting Negrito, whom
he attempted to decapitate with a
The Negrito jumped in the nick
of time, and the keen edge of the
head ax struck his shoulder instead
o f his neck, inflicting a dreadful
wound. Why he did not drop in hia
tracks and die no one can explain,
but in point of fact he ran away so
fast that his would be executioner
could not catch him.
When Abaya returned from the
unsuccessful pursuit he was immedi
ately arrested on a charge o f at
tempted murder and incarcerated in
the provincial jail.
When he came before the judge
and was asked whether he had tried
to kill the Negrito he replied that
he had made an earnest attempt to
carry out the instructions of hia
comisionado, since it was his cus
tom to obey the “ authorities.” He
insisted that he was not to blame
for the Negrito’s escape; any ordi
nary man would have aied promptly
o f the injury he had managed to in
flict, and it was no fault of his that
the Negrito had displayed such ex
that he had done his best to run
the Negrito down and was guiltless
o f any intention to let him escape.
What was the judge to do in such
a case? What he did do was to give
Abaya the minimum penalty under
the law for having inflicted lesiones
graves (serious injuries) on the Ne
grito. When I got Abaya pardoned
some time later he still believed
that he had been in prison for fail
ing to kill the Negrito.
The shrapnel is really a flying
cannon which shoots its charge while
in flight or explodes on impact. Its
design involves many interesting
features, us the case must be strong
enough to withstand the bursting
pressure and the stresses developed
in firing. The smaller cuses are
now made from bar stock on auto
matic turret machines at lesa than
the cost of the forgings previously
The design and making of a
shrapnel case have more behind
them than appears on the surface,
for, in addition to being a piece of
steel turned and bored to the right
dimensions, the case must have ape-
cial mechanical properties.
It must be able to withstand a
pressure of from 30,000 to 35,000
pounds per square inch from the
powder which drives it ont o f the
gun, though it is tested to 40,000
pounds. In addition to this, it must
resist tho charge o f explosive in the
base of the case. This base charge
drives the head and balls out of
the case when a time or distance
fuse is used or explodes it on im
pact with the earth or any other
This expelling or bursting charge
exerts a pressure varying from 20,-
000 to 25,000 pounds per square
inch. Further than this, the ten-
sional stress when the case is start
ed whirling through the rifling of
the gun by the force behind it must
be counted. This rotation starta
the instant the shell begins its
movement from the breech o f the
gun, and when we consider that by
the time it leaves the muzzle it must
have attained a velocity o f 1,700
feet per second we can begin to aee
how an acceleration of 600,000 feet
per second is attained.
These pressures explain why it is
necessary to make the cases o f such
high quality material, a tensible
strength o f 135,000 pounds to the
square inch, an elastic limit of 110,-
000 pounds per square inch, an
elongation in two inches o f 11 per
cent and the contraction of area 25
per cent.— American Machinist.
All true fishes have scales, but in
some they are ao minute or so deep
ly imbedded in the skin as to be im
perceptible. In most kinds, how
ever, they are distinct enough, and
in the pompano and the kingfiah of
the gulf o f Mexico, which affords
magnificent sport to anglers, they
are aometimea almost as big as sil
ver dollars and are used to make
Scales vary greatly in thickneos
and strength as well as in size. They
serve as an armor for the fish, not
only against the attacks of enemies,
but against parasites and infections
of all kinds. When a fish’s scales
are torn by wounds or accident a
fungus is almost certain to take
root, develop and finally kill the
fish. It is to protect the animal still
further that a sort of alime oozes
continually from pores in the skin
and spreads over tne surface of the
The size and strength of the
scales o f a fish are in direct relation
to its habits of life. The eel and
catfish, which have no external ar
mor, lurk near the bottom and
among weeds and escape assault by
floundering in the mud. Perch and
trout, which live in clear water,
have stronger and bigger scales, and
the best armor belongs to those
fishes which are themselves preda
Most scales show lines of
growth on the upper surface, and
the number of spawning periods it
has passed through and the injuries
it has suffered can be read by those
who understand the markings.
The most complete and effective
armor among fishes is that of the
gars or billfish of our American and
some African rivers. Here the scales
do not overlap, but are lozenge
shaped and joined at the edges, like
the pieces of a mosaic. Instead of
being rounded and horny, they are
composed of an ivory-like enamel.
This was characteristic of the fishes
of that very primitive age called
Silurian. The seas were then filled
with fish, some of great size and
ferocity, which had solid, pavement
like armor of this kind and are
known as ganoids. A few small
species o f this primitive type have
survived to the present. One rea
son may be that, except in infancy,
they are safe from ordinary enemies.
— Y outh’s Companion.
Try a Sack of
HIGH FLIGHT FLOUR
and watch results
All Goods and Prices Are Right
___ _______ ____ _____ -
Falls City 1 Lumber Co.
Buy all goods o f home
merchant! and help to
make Falla City greater
OVER AN ABYSS.
A Htrrow Eacapa F.-om a Broken I
Bridga In th« Arctic.
The perils of travel over the ic«
rap of Greenland are often mention
ed in “ Loet In the Arctic” by Cap
tain Kjnar Mikkelsen. Wb u r n
he and hia companions made a ledge
journey they met again and again
with uncomfortably narrow esrapea.
Often the treecheroua m ow collaps
ed beneath their feet and left them
gasping on the edge of a deep ice
fissure. Some o f the snow bridges
over wide crevasses are ta le; others
suddenly and unexpectedly break.
Naturally it was not pleaMnt to
crawl out on these bridges to teat
their strength before sending the
dog team over. But it had to be
done. Captain Mikkelaen tells the
story o f one snch crossing:
I pull myself together, tie a rope
round my waist and give Iverson
the other end. He aita down on the
edge of the crevasse with hia feet
braced hard against the solid snow
and bangs on to the rope, while I
creep out slow l/ and cautiously dis
tributing my weight over as large
an area aa possible. Every tim t I
drive the ice spear in I can hear
the hollow sound beneath me. It
means a fall of perhaps a thousand
feet if the snow gives way. I f the
bridge bolds up to the middle wa
reckon that it ia safe, and if it bean
me as I walk back we reckon that
we can take the sledges over. Slow
ly and cautiously I get up, stand m
moment balancing on my feet, and
then back I go, while Iverson hauls
in on the rope. I tread aa heavily
as 1 dare and try not to think about
what will happen if'it does not bear.
We get the sledgea over somewhat
to our surprise. We drive over oth
er fissures and, growing bolder,
cease to think of danger. There ia
a very broad one ahead, which I gat
over all right with my sledge, but
just as I am turning round to see
how the other sledge is getting o a
l hear a shout from Iverson.
As I look round he ia hang ing
down halfway through the snow of
the bridge, a good ten feet o f it has
fallen away behind him. He clutches
the sledge, which ia still hanging
over the abyaa, but the dogs do net
Obasity Saved England’s Liberty.
seem to notice anything, they aimply
keep on pulling, and soon Iverson
The mode in which that bulwark
and the sledge are once more on
of England’s constitution, the ha
beas corpus act, became a law is
"See thatF ’ Mid Iverson, glanc
very remarkable. So grave a his
ing back at the hole and looking
torian as Bishop Burnet relates
Man and Earring«.
quite pleased with himself. “ Near
that it was carried by an “ odd arti
Earrings were largely affected in go, wasn’t itF ’
fice.” Lords Grey and Norris were
named to be tellers. Lord Norris, England by the male courtiers of
being a man subject to vapors, was the sixteenth and seventeenth cen
fact that people
not at all times attentive to what
he was doing; so, a very fat lord have been imported from Spain and when talking in their sleep are al
coming in, Lord Grey counted him which mightily shocked the Puri ways truthful and never evaaive, but
for ten, as a jest at first, but seeing tans. Usually only one ear was if their feelings are played upon by
that Lord Norris had not observed ornamented, as in the portrait of their questioner they will betray
it he went on with his misreckoning the Earl of Somerset in the Nation great anger. Their eyes are always
of ten, so it was reported to the al gallery. The Duke o f Bucking tightly closed, and the intonation
house and declared that they who ham was famous for his diamond of the voice is very different from
were for the bill were in the ma earrings, while other great men the tones used when the person ia
who followed this mode were Shake fully awake. Sleep talkers may by
jority.— London Chronicle.
speare and Sir Walter Raleigh.
conversation be brought to remem
The last notable example of men ber a dream within a dream, and
It is certain that glazes having wearing earrings seems to have been they will recollect what happened
tho composition o f good enamels Charles 1. himself, who hung a in preceding dreams. Very often
were manufactured at a very early large pearl in his left ear, which he mental anxiety will make people
date. Excellent glazes are still pre presented upon the scaffold to a talk in their sleep when under other
conditions they would never do it.—
served, and some of the bricks which faithful follower.
have been found among the ruins of
London and Paris.
Willing ta Advis« Him.
Babylon have been ascribed to the
There is evidence to show that
Excited Individual — See here,
seventh or eighth century B. C. The
glaze on the Babylonian bricks was London was a considerable town Mr. Bangs, you are a scoundrel o f
Its the first water. When I bought that
found upon examination to have a before the Roman invasion.
base of soda glass or silicate o f sodi Celtic name was Lyndin (lake fort). hoss I supposed I was getting a good
um. Glazes of a similar character Tacitus, in the first century, calls it sound animal, but he’a spavined and
were also manufactured by the Londinium and describes it as a blind and got the heaves. Now, I
Egyptians as early as the sixth dy flourishing place. The earliest no want to know what you’re going to
do about it ?
nasty. There can be little doubt tice o f Paris is in Caesar’ s “ Com
Bangs— Something ought to ba
that the Greeks and Etruscans were mentaries.” Caesar called it Lute-
also acquainted with the art of en tia and described it as a collection done, that’s a fact.
o f mud huts. Lutetia began in the
Excited Individual— Well, I should
fourth century to be known as Pa- say there had.
risia or Paris, and in the sixth cen
No Naad to Call Him.
Bangs— Well, tomorrow I'll give
A curious person of a certain tury was selected by Clovis as the you the name of a good veterinary
town, who loved to find out every 6eat of government. Of the two surgeon. It’ s a shame to have that
thing about the new residents, espi cities London is undoubtedly the horse suffer in that way. — Naw
ed the son o f a new neighbor one more ancient, though how much York Globe.
older it is impossible to say.
morning in a doctor’ s office.
A Triek #f th« Trad«.
"G ood morning,” he said. "L ittle
“ Stop I” thundered the client at
boy, what is your name ?”
Jimmy— I was walking In the the barber, .'ho was cutting hia hair.
“ Same as dad’s,” was the quick
woods when all at once I came on Then, Mys the New York Staata
the biggest kind o f a rattlesnake. Zeitung, he continued, in somewhat
"O f course, I know, little boy, but
Pa— How do you know it was a rat milder tones:
what is your dad’s name, dearF'
tlesnake, Jimmy? Jimmy— By the
“ Why do you insist upon telling
“ Same as mine, sir.”
way my teeth rattled as soon as 1 me these horrible, blood curdling
Still he persisted. " I mean what
saw him.— Eichange.
stories o f ghosts and robbers while
do they say when they call you to
you are cutting my hair F’
T m very sorry, air," replied tha
“ They don’t never call m e; I alius
“ Why are you always saying that barber, "but, you see, when I tell
gets there first.” — Exchange.
I am so changeable?” complained stories like that to my clients their
Th* W ord ” E xa-juta.”
hair stands on end, and it makM it
T o “ execute” means “ to carry out
“ You never wear (he same com
or to perform.” The law, for ex plexion twice,!’ returned Mr. Gabb. ever so much easier to cut.”
ample, may be “ executed” on a
Paw Know« Everything.
prisoner. But to say that the pris
Willie— Paw, what ia the mother
oner is “ executed” iu a blunder aa
Alice— My face is my fortune.
inexcusable as it is frequent. The
Paw— The language of Mars, my
sentence if executed. But the man
son.— Cincinnati Enquirer.
himself ia killed, not “ executed.” __