The news=record. (Enterprise, Wallowa County, Or.) 1907-1910, October 24, 1907, Image 3

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of Blood
Fontanet, Irdiana, Scene
and Wreckage.
Fontanet, Ind., Oct. 16. By the ex-
I plosion of the Dupont powder works
yesterday between 25 and 50 persona
were killed, 600 injured, and Fontanet,
a city of 1,000 people, was wiped cut.
Where stood a thriving and busy town
SFRfiin flSMFNA FIRST PRFSinFNT there is ruin and scattered wreckage.
Secretary Talt Calls to Order
first Session at Manila.
Novel Grouuds for Obi action to Fine
Under Elklns Law. '
Washington, Oct. 17. In the brief
Members Swear Allegiance to Amer
ican Government Gomez Declares
Against Politics in Leglislature.
soldiers of the state.!
Without warning the powder mine,
I seven in number, blew up at 9:15 yes
teday morning. They employed 200
Manila. Oct. 17. Secretary Taft for- men, and of these 75 were at work
anally opened the Philippine assembly when the first explosion occurred in
in the National theater at 11:15 yester- the press mill. In quick succession the
The dead and more seriously injured 0 the Armour. Swift and Cudahy Pact
have been taken away. Five hundred m comDmanies. nraving for a writ of
inhabitants; all more or less wounded, certiorari, which was received by the
remain to gather scattered household Snnrnmn court of thn United States to
goods and sleep under tents, guarded by dv. and in which it is sought to have
the court review the $15,000 fine im
Capers Recomends This When the
Stuff Is Suited for Beverage.
Washington, Oct. 16. Commissioner
of Internal Revenue Capers has ren
dered a decision relative to the manu
facture and sale of alleged medicinal
alcoholic compounds, where on anal
ysis it la found that the said alleged
medicinal compounds are suitable for
nosed on each of the companies by the use as a beverage
United States District court ior me oumming up an emuoraia upimuu.
Western district of Missouri, several the commissioner holds as follows:
novel grounds are outlined. "That a special tax is required for
It is stated that the Elkins act, under tne manufacture ana saie oi anegeo
which thn fines were levied, does not medicinal alcobolio compounds, or lor
day morning, in the presence of a large glazing mill, two corning mills and the appiy to a shipper unless he is guilty the sale of the malt extracts manufaO'
crowd of people
At the cloee of his address Mr. Taft
formally called the assembly to order.
A short prayer was read by the only
native Catholic bishop in the islands.
The assembly then took a recess until
5 o'clock in the evening.
Upon reassembling at that hour the
powder magazine blew up, followed by 0J BOme bad faith or fraudulent conduct tured from fermented liquors, the drugs
the cap mill. In the magazine, situ
ated several hundred yards from the
mill, were stored 4,000 kegs of powder.
The concussion when it blew up was
felt 200 miles away. Every house in
this town was destroyed, rarmnouaea Thn iurisdiction of the Missouii courts of alcohol is greater than is necessary
two miles away and sohoolhouses iB denied in the claim that the evidence to preserve the ingredients or to extract
musing some kind oi "device, aw
honest or underhand method to obtain
la rebate, concession or discrimination
It is also aliened that the Elkins act
I does not apply to export shipments,
used in the manufacture of which are
not sufficient in amount or character to
render the compound unfit as a bev
erage, or in the case of cordials, ex
tracts or essences, in which the amount
to be more or leess characteristic of
soils in the seaooast regions. Follow
ing are the results of the analysis:
The sample sent in by J. J., ol
Ridk-efleld, Clark county, is lacking in
available potash and lime. The most
beneficial treatment for mis condition
of affairs is from 500 to 1,000 pounds
per acre of slaked lime, and 1,000 to
2,000 pounds per acre ot suipnaie or
potash, both applied broadcast in the
spring after the ground has been well
ploe.d The applications should De nar
rowed in well, mere is no question
but that the soil in the region of Ridge-
field needs this sort of treatment.
The sample sent in by F. W., taken
from the White river valley between
Seattle and Tacoma contains a surpris
ingly large amount of lime for a West
Side soil. However It is very low in
potash, and not well supplied with
phosphoric acid. rotas n lertiuzers
would therefore be likely to give the
beat results of any single fertilizer In
gredient. I have advised Mr. W. to
oi aui-
rst business was the selection of a equally diBtant were torn to pieces and 8hows that the concessions were obtain- the properties or to cut the oils, and
president, and Sergio Osmena. Nation- their cccupanta injured. Indianapolis fl(i jn Kansas for transportation east of hold the same in solution
alist, who formerly was the governor of and even Cincinnati felt the shock. ' A tne Mississippi river. It ie alao held "Manufacturers of alcohol medicinal
the island of Cebu, was chosen. Senor passenger train on the Big Four rail- tnat tne indictment under which the compounds, malt extracts, flavoring ex-
Railroad Also Forces Lumbermen
Pay Freight on Them.
Washington, Oct. 18. The case
Osmena is a young man and had no way, four miles away, nad every coacn convjti0n was had was not sufficient
uart in the revolution. window broken and several passengers
All of the assemhlvmen. including were injured by flying glass.
finnnr Onmoi. whose election is to be The mill went up with three distinct
contested, were then formally sworn in. explosions, followed 90 minutes later
The -ath included acknowledgement by a fourth, even more serious than
of sovereignty and allegiance to the the others, when the magazine went
Amprimn covfimmnnt. The afternoon ud. Immediately after the explosions
session lasted three hours. The only the wreckage took fire and the inbab- the Pacific Coast Lumber Manufactur
thn selection of itants of the town who rushed to the era' association againBtthe Nor hern Pa
a secretary. The delegates showed they rescue of the mill employes, found cQc railway will come up tomorrow be
hud no nndftrstandinff of tiarliamentary themselves powerless to aid those in fore the Interstate Commerce oommis-
law and procedure; the burning ruins. They worked frant- 8j0n in what is known as the "car stake
Thn nrinoinln fpntnm nf thn sfission icallv. in constant danger from possible case." The association 'complains in
-wa an nddrnnn hv Senor Gomez, who succeeding explosions, unmindful of common with several other similar as
declared against bringing politics into their ruined homes. sociations that the railroads compel
legislative business and asked the dele- Dead and dying were picked up and lumber shippers, not only to supply
rgates to show their patriotism by for- collected. Eighteen bodies horribly stakes on flat or gondola cars, but also
rsaklnir nartv affiliations and leeislating burned and mangled were carried to a to pay freight on the stakes. Testimo-
tracts, essences and soda water syrups
who wish to avoid liability for special
taxes must satisfy themselves that their
pioducta are within the limits berein
defined, and those who put out alco
holic compounds of doubtful medicinal
value or containing a questionable pro
cess of alcohol must do so at the risk of
being required to pay special taxes for
the manufacture and sale of the same."
Methods to Be Pursued In Bringing It
Into Good Shape.
A fruit grower residing near Fern
dale, Whatcom county, . Washington,
recently informed the Washington
State Experiment station staff that
his orchard was badly run down, and
that he desired information whioh
would enable him to work systemati
cally and persistently until he had the
orchard in good shape. Considerable
attention was given to this inquiry,
Professor A. L. Melander, entomolo
gist, taking care of the problems of in
sect pests, and l'roleseor w. s. morn
ber. horticulturist, advising relative
to the treatment of the trees. Profes
sor Melander 'a reply follows:
"To get rid of the moss and lichens
on vour trees, wasn tne tree trunks
with lye in solution, one pound to ten
gallons of water. To kill the red spl
ders, apply the sulphur-lime waih
when the leaves are oH the tree. This try about 100 pounds per acre
will kill the winter eggs. If the mite phate of potash, and about 200 pounds
appear in the summer, use kerosene per acre of bone meal, applied to the
emulsion, and In this case it will be soil early in the spring and well wort
better to add one ounce oi suipnur to ed in belore the crop is planted
each gallon of spray. For the codilng-l The sample sent In by W. H. W., of
moth, spray with arsenate of lead, or Little Falls, Lewis county, is well sup
Paris green while the blossoms are fall- piled with nitrogen, phosphorio acid
ing. Give a second Bpraying ten to and humus, and fairly well with pot
forty days later, according to the Uah: but is very low in lime. I have
weather, and spray again four weeks advised that 500 pounds per acre oi
after the first worms appear under the slaked lime be applied after the ground
bands. Give the fourth spraying four ia plowed. It should be well harrowed
weeks later. Get after the following in. This is all the treatment that the
pests with the sulphur-lime wash: soil of Lewis county needs, so far as we
Oyster shell cark louse; peach vorm or are able to tell by chemical analysis
twic borer: green or black aphis; blla- From Raymond, Pacific county, F. B.
Supreme Court Will Decide Dispute
in Profit on Stock.
ior the benefit of the Filipino people.
protected spot to await identification,
while the badly injured, numbering
upward of 50, were put on a special
train and taken to Teire Haute for bos
pital accommodations. extra tax for stakes per annum in
Scarcely one oi tne l.uuu lnnaDiranw pac,fi0 Northwest oi JZIZ.UUU
Waahington, Oct. 19. An appeal in
the Supreme court o' the United States
mb filorl tvlov In f.ViA auib nf nlnrflnrn
ny shows that each etake contains 13 I -u Venner. New York, to compel James
leet oi lumper, wmcn at eigm w u J, Hill, president of the Great North
car on 100,000 ars at 120 per tnousano em raiway to restore to the plaintiff
tor lumoer oi tne xina usea means u
Fontanet Explosion Injured 600
sides Those Killed.
; Fontanet, Ind., Oct. 17. The latest
i . iL . J i ...,Ll L
estimate o. tne uesirucuuu w-- , ;red ai( , The
Hhe explosion at me uupont powuer I, , B lnfflte(i - mile
mills is that 38 persons were killed,
800 injured, 50 seriously, and a proper
ty loss ot approximately $750,000 caus
ed by a workman employed in the glaz
ing mill. It was learned today that a
"'hot box," due to too much friction on
of the town but carried blood on bands
and face from his own wounds or those
mills were located one mile south ot
town. With the first explosion the
employes ran for safely, but most of
them were killed or wounded by the
quickly following explosions in the
other mills. When the heat from the
railroads' answer iB that the stakes are
not part of the normal equipment,
hence the roads should not furnish
them. Commissioner Lane today said
the Spokane rate case would not be
decided within a month.
Wilt Change Officers.
not dox. aue to sou niucu iijuliuu uh i. . . . , , , , ( , ,,oi..u6w.., vv. . ----- v.uU.t.M...x. . v
the shafting causing sparks to be trans- 'SJL ?vmnde! h!"T to
and other sockholders the profit of
sl0.000.000 which Hill is alleged to
have made by purchasing in 1900 and
1901 125,000,000 worth of C, B. & Q
railroad stock at an average of $150 a
share, and then selling it to his own
company for $200 a share
The Federal court of New York dis
missed the suit on the ground that the
plaintiff did not own his interest in the
Great Northern at the time the injury
complained of occurred. He askB to
ter mite; leaf curl; peaoh mildew
Find out exactly what each pest is that
you discover, and treat accordingly
In preparing tne kerosene emui
sion, use two gallons of kerosene;
whale oil soap (or one quart of soft
soap), one half pound; water, one gat
S. sends in a sample of red clay soil
which we find to contain a percentage
of lime only about one-twentieth as
great as it should be fcr the best results.
The supply of potash is also very low.
I have no doubt that tbe heaviest ap
plication of slacked lime which Mr. S.
Ion. Dissolve the soap in water, but rn make will cive very beneficial re-
boiling, and add the suds boiling hot to suite on this type of soil, although soma
tho kerosene, away-trom the fire. The of the Pacific county farmers have tried
mixture la then to be agitated violent- using lime on the upland soil without
ly, peferably by pumping it back on very benefiical results. For this soil
Itself with a force pump. After four we have recommended about 100
or five minutes the mixture suddenly pounds per acre of sulphate of potash,
becomes creamy in consistence. If well A. A., of Rosburg, Wahkiakum
made, the cream will stand for a long countv. has sent us a sample of soil
time without free oil rising to the sur
face. Unless otherwise stated, use one
gallon of the emulsion to twelve gal
lons of water, in spraying.
"In preparing the arsenate of lead
which we find to be low in lime and
potash. The other ingredients are
present In fairly good supply. I It is
probable that the dictnuity wnia x naa
been experienced with this sou is due
spray, use one pound of arsenate of lead chiefly to a lack ot lime, and perhaps
to forty gallons of water. It is unne- potash also. We have advised the use
oessary to use this stronger, and it is of from 500 to 1,000 pounds per aore ot
more reliable than Paris green. It is elated lime and the use on a small
especially useful where there is much scule, of about 100 pounds per acre of
rain, for it sticks well and does not sulphate cf potash,
scorch the leaves." A sample of Kitsap county subsoil
Taking up the problems in hortlcul- has been Bent in by G. S. N of Seat-
mitted to some loose powder, was in all
probability the cause of the terrible
catastrophe. The employe, whose
same is William Sharrow, and who is
dangerously hurt as the result of the
explosion, said:
"The explosion was caused by loose
boxing on the shafting. The day before
hot. This time it got too hot and sent
off sparks that caused the explosion."
lantio fleet, has arrived in Washington, court of New York for trial.
The purpose of his visit is to spend
about a week or 10 days in consultation
with the officials cf the Navy depart
ment in relation to the approaching
voyage of bis great fleet. Much re
mains to be done to prepare the ships
for the cruise, not the least of which is
der magazines 90 minutes later, de
stroying the town by the concussion,
many of those engaged in rescue work
were badly injured and several killed,
Fronts, roofs, sides and even founda
tions of many buildings have been
blown to pieces. Great holes are torn
in the ground,' fences have vanished
Doxing on tne snaiting. xrieaay oeioie , , - , ,,- . , :j iw mt uuno, i- -
the explosion happenfd we had to throw VJSLdtt debris e change in the personnel of some of
water on the boxing when it became too hom?9 ',n nfuBed heaps of debrU the officers of the fleet below the grade
Thin time it cot too hot and sent1" I of captain, in conlormity with tne de-
. . ... i a k o hnnr rai irnni rrpionii onm on . . . . . . 1
" 1- - -- - :,- cision oi ine navigation Dureau to nmu
the switch leading to the mills was L ft and a hal the term of duty
pIau..j v.vv , v.. -r - of Bucn 0(Jjcer8
ana me wrecnage caugut urc,
IT n,l rVwil Rlii FT ta-nl ' ' E '
All fillo .uh VYHBniUKtlJU, JKM, J. . AUVICCB
3imax to Bitter War With Tirey L,
Ford's Lawyer.
San Francisco, Oct. 17. Francis J. scholars and every one
led at
State Group Plan.
Waahington, Oct. 15. H. P.Gil
lette and Engineer Peabody, the expert
rate maker for the Washington state
railway commission yesterday occupied
the entire time of the national conven
tion of state railway commissioners.
Gillette telling tbe story of his apprisal
of tbe physical valuation of the O. R.
&N.and Hill roads. Gillette recom
mended that Oreecn, Washington,
Montana. Idaho, the Dakotas, Minne
sota and Wisconsin join in the work of
appra:sing the physical valuation of
railroads traversing them, ior tne pur-
ml l 1.1 1 i -
-pa fanama say: ine ancnor wmuerH or nnHB n ...prta n n the bases of taxa
Heney announced today that he intend- Lore or less injured by the collapse of Upada that have arrived at La Bcca for tion and rate m,king, and that the
ed to bring suit for criminal libel the buildings. A four room school UB" on new. "PP" ureuge win plan be followed by other groups oi
against Earl Rogers, chief counsel for building was torn to pieces and not one nn , "r?81 . "muer8 "'tt6 " ,e,tI
Tirev L. Ford, the indicted attorney for nf hn 200 children escaped unhurt, al- reacneu tne isinmus. xnej come mm
the United Railroads. Mr. Heney win though none were fatally hurt. A two
base his suit on an article published room school building at Coal Bluff waB
over the signature of Mr. Rogers, in turned over and collapsed. The teach-
-whioh the statement was made that
members of the prosecution had used
undue influence upon C. W. Strange, a
juror in the Ford case, who voted for
Mr. Heney came out in this morn
ing's papers with an open letter asking
Mr. Rogers either to supply th proot
of his assertions or to retract. This
afternoon Mr. Heney summoned Mr.
.Rogers before the grand jury, stopped
out of the room and asked Mr. Rogers
to lay his evidence before the lury. Mr.
er and 90 pupils were more or less in
jured. The force of the expkjsion destroyed
all telephone communication with out
side towns, and it was with great diffi
culty that aid was summoned. Terre
Haute and Brazil sent physicians and
nurses with supplies in carriages and
automobiles, while special trains were
made up and ran on the Big Four rail
road for the care of the injured.
Governor Han ley ordered the Terre
Haute company of militia to patrol the
Sogers hedged and finally said that he ruined district and-to protect life and
"believed the grand jury an unfair body Imoneitv. The governor arrived last
and would not take advantage of Mr.
Heney's offer. It was then that Mr.
Heney declared that be would sue.
Sends $5,000 to Fontanet.
Wilmington, Oct. 17. Alfred G. Du
pont, vice president of the Dupont Pow
der company, who married Mrs. Brad
ford Maddox in New York yesterday critical condition when brought here
and who intended to take a long motor- Five of them have died and little hope
ins trin on his honeymoon, was in- is entertained for the recovery of nine
formed of the explosion at Fontanet others. The remainder are expected to
immediately after his wedding. Mr.jBurvlve. One of the seriously injured
Dutjont canceled bis intended trip and is Miss Susan Bishop, a schoolteacher,
wired $5,000 to Governor Hanley at In- who was caught in the collapse of the
evening. He brought with him 700
tenta and cots for the care of the home
less. Few Injured Will Survive.
Terre Haute, Ind., Oct. 16. Of the
50 victims of the disaster cared for at
St. Anthony's hospital, 14 were in a
Portland, Or., and are of the finest
Oregon fir. One of them is 8 by 9
inches by 62 feet, another is 24 by SO
inches by 60 feet, and the third ib 30
by 36 inches by 60 feet. These spude
will be used to keep, the dredgea in
their proper position while at work and
will be rasied and lowered by steam.
Confer On JJnlform Bill.
Waahington, Oct. 17. An import
ant bearing, involving the proposed
uniform bill of lading, was held belore
tbe Interstate Commerce commission
today. Practically every railroad in
tbe United States was represented, as
also were tbe shipping interests. The
commission had suggested the appoint
ment of a joint committee by tbe car
riers and shippers to submit a suitable
form of bill of lading. After numerous
conferences tbe bill was framed.
school bouse. She sustained a fracture
of the skull and at first it was thought
he could not recover. Attendants eay
she appears to be improving.
Taft Reaches Maniht.
Manila, Oct. 16. Secretary Taft ar
rived at 4:30 p. m. yesterday from
Hong: Kong and received an enthusiasm
tic welcome; His reception began with
a water parade, headed by Governor
Smith, General Wood and Admiral
exceedingly unfair one, and I am sur- Hemphill. The secretary was escorted
TtpioAtfi f.hnx Mr. Taiia should make It. to the palace DV troops ana aisiio
I know that in all the railroad systems, guished Americans and Filipinos and
and in all the railroads in which I am iormally welcomed by the mayor and
fnrsreatari. thnrn no willful no vi riff of governor general. Thousands lined
rebates." the streets all day awaiting Mr.
diana polis for the Immediate relief of
the sufferers. He authorized the gov
ernor to use any amount in excess of
this sum if he finds it neceessary.
Striving to Live Up to Law.
Chicago, Oct. 17. E. H. Harriman
today, after reading the statement
made by Interstate Commerce Commis
sioner Lane, to the effect that the
Western railroads are still paying ro
tates, said: "That statement is an
Boxers Driven to Mountains. I Shock Felt at Cincinnati.
Pekin. Oct. 17. The Imperial Chin-1 Cincinnati, O., Oct. 16. A slight
- eee troops detached from the Yang-tee shock, similar to that of an earthquake,
Kiang valley cantonments because of was noticed here at 9:30 yesterday
the anti-missionary outbreak at Kan- morning. Professor Porter, of the Uni-
Kang Sien have driven the so-called versity of Cincinnati, reported it very
boxer rebels into the mountains on the light, but distinctly noticeable. South
borders of Kwang Tung. In an en- era Indiana points reported a shock in
gagemeht at Chung Yi the troops killed somewhat more severe form, and it
70 of the insurgents. was also reported from Hamilton, O.
Hearing at Denver October 28.
Washington, Oct. 19. The Inter
state Commerce commission fixed for
hearing at Denver October 28, the cases
of Merchants' Traffic association against
Pacific Express company, the Oregon
Railroad & Navigation company, the
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad
company and others involving charges
of unreasonable and discriminating
grain rates, elevator allowances, etc.
United States Supreme Court.
Washington, Oct. 16. After a vaca
tion since last May, the United States
Supreme court convened at noon today
for an eight months' term. A large
number of attorneys were admitted to
the bar. A few motions were taken for
a writ of certiorari to advance esses.
The justices then presented their cards
at the White House and adjourned for
the day.
New Oregon Postmasters.
Washington, Oct. 15. The following
Oregon postmasters have been appoint
ed: Ida Williams, at Dexter, Lane
county, vice Jennie Parvin, resigned;
Charles H. Skaggs, at Hastings, Benton
county, vice Elsie Brood ley, resigned.
Northwest Rural Carriers.
Washington, Oct. 19. Rural carriers
appointed: Oregon Wilbur, route 1,
William L. Leonard, carrier; Elbert
Ottinger, substitute. Washington-
Spokane, route 1, Osem A. Noble, car
tier; Bh toA. Noble, substitute.
ture, Professor Thornber stated
"The removal of all insects and dis
eases is of great importance, but do not
forget that careful tillage of the land,
then the removal of parts cf the tops
of the trees, and a careful thinning out
of the fruit is of just as much Import
ance. If the orchard had been in sod
for years, and the trees are not growing,
the only proper thing to do will be to
plow up the ground thoroughly and put
the soil in first class tillable condtiion.
To do this, I advise you to give the
land a thorough plowing in the fall,
leaving it more or Ibbs rough to weath
er during the winter. In the spring,
as soon aa the ground has dried out
sufficiently, work the soil carefully with
either a dink, or a spring tooth, any
tool, in fact, that will cultivate the
ground thoroughly. Let the cultiva
tion be continued throughout the next
two or three years, till the soil is in
an active, virile condition.
"The pruning of your trees will be
another important phase. If tbe trees
are large, they will need more or less
topping, but do this gradually. Do not
remove the entire top at onoe, or you
will produce a crop of water sprouts,
and will retard tbe fruit scions from
one to five years. So thin out the
limbs, topping back but portions of
them, and plan on doing summer as well
as winter pruning. If any large limbs
are to be removed, the out Buriaces
should be painted over with some lead
paint of almost any color. Do not use
wax nor coal tar The grafting wax
will peel off during wet seasons, and
the oal tar will injure the cambium,
or young growth, especially in fruit
Pinrm to Succeed Rvan. "Determine what vatrieties oi iruit
I i i &i ! - m k
WBhlnot1n. Ofit. 18 ThomaB Ry. you nave, ana tueir meriuf. iu,j-Kraiv
. tr.. o.i ii fl-at BtaiBtBnt! the undesirable varieties in the spring,
. i ;i. :!,.;. ,in I and carefully eliminate all varieties
from that oflice the latter part of this that are not first class. Western Wash
mi, ii. ni h .nBrln,! hv Frank 1 ington is well adapted to the growing
PiB. ofRnltTAke Citv. Utah. The 1 of fruit, and none but the best should
..nn aivn for hia relation is that be K'wn there. If the runks of your
tie, which we find to be very gravely
deficient in potash. It probably would
not produce crops of any kind, without
fertilizers of potash. The other ingre
dients are present in (airly good supply,
and so far as we can tell by chemical
analysis, need not be reinforced with
states. His recommendations received
the apparently unanimous approval of
tie members of the convention.
To Take Up Rat Question.
Washington, Oct. 17. The railroad
rate question is going to figure promi
nently before congress next winter, in
view of the action of the Nat'onai Asso
ciation of State Railway commiasieners
at their recent convention held in this
city. There will he no general attempt
to amend the Hepburn law, put an
amendment will be proposed along the
lines suggested by the commissioners,
making it unlawful for a railroad to en
force a new rate until that rate shall
have been declared by the Interstate
Commerce commission to be reasonable.
his health has become impaired by the
work of his oflice. The announcement
of the change was made today by Sec
retary of the Interior Garfield. Mr.
Ryan was formerly minisetr from Mex
ico and is from Kansas.
Harriman to Answer.
Washington, Oct. 15. The Federal
authorities are preparing to push pro
ceeding compelling E. H. Harriman to
answer certain questions relating to the
management of bis railways. This was
announced by Attorney General Bona
trees are diseased, or decaying badly,
it will not be possible for you to reju
venate them, but they should be re
moved, and young trees set in their
Washington Experiment Station Cross
es Bluestem and Turkey Red.
The Washington State Experiment
station now believes it has succeeded in
combining Bluestem and Turkey Red
wheat into a hybrid variety which can
be grown with superior results in the
wheat-raising districts ot the J'aolrio
Northwest. This eiperiment was be
gun in 1903, and the purpose in view
was to grow a winter wheat, which
would lack the beards of the Turkey
Red, and still possess its attractive
qualities as a winter wheat. Bluestem
being valuable for flour making pur
poses, but not well adapted to tall sow
ing, was crossed with the Turkey Rod. '
The result of a cross produces what is
known as a "hybrid," the term simply
meaning a union between two flowers
or plants not of the same variety. In
all work of this nature, no definite re
sults are obtainable until the second
generation, or, during the second year's
growth after the cross has been made.
Since the first cross was made, In 1903,
each year the station staff has selected
the plants that possessod the character
istics of the desired hybrid. Thirteen
perfect plants wore obtained from the
cross of 1903, and now seventeen
thousand of them are growing.
The hybrid is peculiar in its inter
mixing ef the qualities ol Bluestem and
Turkey Red. The straw grown favoia
Bluestem. but the leaf formation is
much like that of the Turkey Red. For
this reason Prof. Lawrence, in charge
of the experiment, is not absolutely
sure that the new wheat will in every
way be adapted to all wheat raising
districts of Eastern Washington. In
nearly all instances the kernel favors
the Tutkey Red, although in a few in
stances the grain is white ilke Blue-stem.
Report of Analysis from Samples from
Western Washington.
The Washington State Experiment
station chemist has recently completed
an analysis of several samples of soils
l I.L 4 i IHIU.
-.. , " - . . WIJIIII wore BUIJV 111 11,'HI luutillicn
parte touay loi.owing a conierence w.m . CMcad9 m0BnU,Bi ln the Pttciflo
UommlSSloners is-enogg ami vrth., ,.. -mln-tinn with refer.
ence to fertilizV needs. Professor R
Bonaparte authorized the statement
that matters bearing upon Standard in
vestigation in New York were also
touched upon.
New Postmasters Appointed.
Washington, Oct. 17. The following
postmaster have been appointed: Ore
gon Camp Creek, George Sanderson,
vice M. K. Campbell, deceased. Wash
ington Hanson Ferry. Carrie Waterer,
vice June Sturgill, resigned.
Assistant Chemists Appointed.
Washington, Oct 16 L. Knlsely,
of Corvallis, and Frank L. Flanders, of
Pullman, Wash., are appointed assist
ant chemists In the Agricultural depart
ment. '
W. Thatcher, director of the station.
deems the results of considerable im
portance in showing the deficiency of
certain fertilizing elements which seems
Potato Apple.
Take two cupfuls of hot, finely mash
ed or rlced potatoes, mix through them
two tablespoonfuls of butter, one-third
of a cupful of grated cheese, half
teaapoonful of salt, a little cayenne
pepper and grated nutmeg, two table.
spoonfuls of thick cream and yolks of
two eggs. Heat this up and shape in
the form of small apples. Roll in flour,
Bitsa and crumbs. Brown In deep, hot
To Can Aaparaarn.
Cut off the tough enda of the asy
gus; waali and put tne tops in qunn
glass cans; fill to the brim with cold
water ; lot thorn stand for ten mil utes,
then seal tightly; put a wooden tack
In the bottom of your wash boiler,
stand tho cans on it, cover them over
with cold water, bring them slowly to.
a boiling point, boll four hours. Let
them stand until the water Is cool. See
that the lids are tightened before you
lift the Jars out of the water.
Chsaaa Nnta.
A delicious dlah to serve with tonsfr
ed crackers and hot coffee: Chop a pint
of English walnuts or blanched al
monds. If almonds ore used, slightly
toast them. Place layers or chopped
nuts ln a small pan, alternating with
layers of grated choose and grated
bread crumbs; season with butter (la
dots) and dashes of salt and pepper.
Soften with a little boiling water and
bake twenty minutes.