Waltotra Cfluatt (Chieftain County Pioneer Paper Established In JS84. Published every Thursday bv The Enterprise Press. Office East side Court Housa Square. Entered In the poUofflce at Enter prise, Ore., as Beioad-cla33 matter. S.r SCRIPTION" TVVra. kj..c jeur il.oO Thrae mo:iths 50c. Invariably in Advance. COUNTY ADVERTISING RATE. ...t. s.ibseri.e-s to U13 Chieftain mav have adJlloiial copies se.it o.i.s.ue the county for $1.00 per year No such subscriptions takan ' r :ha:i one year THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1903. THE TAX MUDDLE. The tax muddle caused by the de cision of the supreme court that thi plan of apportioning the state tax among the counties in ratio to county expenses, is unconstitutional, will be cured by the emergency lav: passed last Thursday. The equaliza tion board created by it will me2t Wednesday of this week and attempt to apportion the tax according to the true valuation. " If the board accepts the returns by the vaiious assess jrs as the true val uation, Wa'lowa's proportion of th? state tax will be increased over six thousand dollars, and, for example Union's will be decreised $13,000. The reason is Just this: A lot or office holders In Oregon have vio lated their oath of office. The members of the county courts and the assessors of Wa'.lowa and Union counties took the same oath of office They swore they would have the property in their respective counties assessed at its true cash valuation. This was done in Wallowa county by the court and Asse3sor Pace, who think It is dishonorable to break an oath to obey the law. In Union it seems to be different Union with twice the population of Wallowa has les3 assessed valuation. No one in La Grande would admit fo! an instant but that Union's true valu ation is two and a half or three times that of Wallowa. Union is a type of most Ore gon counties, though a few returned true valuations like this county. A few prosecutions for violations of oaths of office is in order. The board to sit Wednesday has the power to go back of the assess ors' returns and by other evidence get at the respective true valuations. It is to be hoped it will make a thorough Job of it, and in its report show up the dishonest courts and assessors for a man who violates an oath of office is dishonest VALUE OF TIMBER LANDS. If the reported sale of the Cross ett Timber company's holdings in this county to the Palmer Lumber company for $700,000 is correct, it sheds a new light on the true valu ation of timber lands for assessment si. n identally it is pretty evidence for the county, in the appeals to the circuit court by the timber companies from the county board of equalization's ruling that Assessor Pace's valuation of timber lands in this coanty at $6.25 per acre is not excessive or unfair. The Crossett Timber company is assessed at $231,125, which at the $10)0 per quarter rate, Indicated it 'el aboat 37,000 acres. It added considerably to its holdings since last March but hardly reached the amount stated in the dispatch, 50, m acre3. But even so, the reputed sa'e at $700,C00 would be $14 an acre valuation The published lists of assessed val uations are better than an old fash toned Sunday school story book as a moral object lesson. They als) show what a false dame rumor i:i. Common report says Mr. So and So is "worth" so many thousand dol lars, but the cold figures of the assessor, made under oath as the true valuation, proves Mr. So and So Is worth only one-third or one fourth the amount rumor gave. Brother Jonas of the Wallowa Sun Is still sour and disgruntled about the county high school. The latter, however, Is flourishing up to the hopes of Its most sanguine friends. Ir spite of Mr. Jonas' ill-natured flings, and is doing a nob'.e work In the eiucatlon of the youth freni all parts of the county. A bill requiring timber to be cruis ed for assessment purposes haa passed the house, but is held up in the sonata. It will likely be killed In committee as all "the big timber companies are opposing it." The Initiative will cure that old, familiar legislative disease. Orion's bill to tax corporations is also reported killed. It was intended to levy a Just tax on interests now escaping taxa tion although among the heavies', beneficiaries of the state, and would probably have brought in enough rev enue to have paid all state expens es. Another case where the initiative should be invoked. The members t of the legisla ture from this district fared well In the commlttea assignments. Repre sentative Rusk was given a place on the Judiciary commi.tee. a nics. unusual honor for a new member. A place on that committee is counted equal to a chairmanship of a minor committee. In addition he Is on the irrigation, military affairs and min ing committees all Important ones. Senator Oliver is on four of the best commltees in the Senate, agri culture and forestry, counties, mu nicipal corporations, and revision of jaws. Representative Brooke of Harney and Malheur, and Representative Bean of Lane (it took two to do it) have introduced a bill making it a misdemeanor for a candidate for the legislature to subscribe to State ment No. 1. Under this bill it be come3 unlawful for a person to make a pledge to the people of his district. It would still be "lawful" for a legislator to pledge his vote to a corporation or set of political bo3ses. Oh, ye3! That would be per fectly constitutional. Representative Rusk has intro duced a bill to permit the Wallowa county court to sail the Jail prop, srty. If timber lands had been assessed at their true valuation in this coun ty, and every individual had given to the assessor all his property, the tax levy would have been under 10 mills. The difference between what It wo lid have he hi and what it is, 12.5 mills, 13 what the honest man is paying to make up for the other fellows. THE NEW LEADERSHIP. From Salem Capital Journal (Rep.) The type of Republicans who are appearing and around whom the Re publican party will grow strong and healthy as a political organization are men like McArthur, Bowerman, Rusk, Smnott, Eaton, McCue, Patton, Kay, Abbott, Jones of Polk Hawley, the men from Clackamas, McKinney, Brooks, Abrahams and others, who say pledges are made to be kept in the interest of the people and party, not to be violated in the interest of factionalism or personal ambition. It is in this new leadership that the Republicans have hope. The new leadership will not sneer at the Direct Primary law, which is rapidly being adopted by other states Under it the farmer, the laborer, the common citizen, who is not a professional politician, has something to say. Will the masses of the people ac cept leadership that distrusts them, that places the lowest machine poli tician from the North End in Port land, or from the gambling halls of Astoria, above the honest decent granger? Yet that is what has been expect ed and because the farmer would not let go his power under the Direct Primary, he has been insulted by men who stole into positions, in vio lation of law, voted for the Demo cratic nominee for senator, and bet .money that Chamberlain would be '(lected. Isn't It time for the new clean, de cent young blood in the Republican party to assert itself and declare for Republican policies that have some respect for American citizenship? Subscribe for the Chieftain. II UN'S MAL toosevelt Is Not Consulted by Taft About Selections for Cabinet JEW STATEHOOD BILL UP Preparations Are Being Made for An Elaborate Inauguration of Taft and Sherman. Washington. Feb. 3. Mr. Taft is not keeping President Roosevelt posted on the forn-ation of bis cabi net. He is neither seeking the ad vice of the President nor submitting names for his approval after selec tion has been made. The fact is thai Mr. Roosevelt Is entirely In the dark with regard :o the Taft cabinet; ho knows uo more than he gathers froni the ..-wepapers. ThTe is some truth In the report t'.at the President feels slighted be cause Mr. Taft has not seen fit to offer Secretary Loeb a place In hia cabinet, but the Presidont is more disturbed because Mr Taft Is in clined to choose an entirely new cab inet, retiring all members of the present body with the possible excep tion of Secretary of War Wright, who was appointed on recommenda tion of Mr. Taft Just prior to his retirement from the Roosevelt cabi net. The definite statement can be made that James K. Garfield, secre tary of the interior, will not be a member of the cabinet of the next administration. Neither will he be an ambassador to a foreign country. He will return to his home in Ohio and take up the practice of law. An omnibus bill providing sepa rate statehood for the territories of New Mexico and Arizona was Intro duced in the house by Hamilton, of Michigan, chairman of the house committee on territories. The bill was framed by the Republican mem bers of the committee and submitted to the minority members, who ap proved It. New Mexico is given two represen tatives in the house, to be elected at large, and the city of Santa Fe is designated as the capital of the state until 1920. Four sections of land in every township are granted to New Mexico for the support of common schools. Two of these had been previously granted to the territory. V hen adopted into the Union, New Mexico is to be attached to the eighth Judicial district. One hun dred thousand dollars Is appropriat ed for the expenses incident to the elections and constitution provided for in the bills. Most of the provisions for Arizona are similar to those for New Mexico. Phoenix is designated as the capital until 1920. Arizona is given one representative in the house; 12 0,0 CO acres of land are granted for uni versity purposes and other grants are equal to those made for New Mexico. Great preparations are being made for Taft's inauguration. The programme is divided into five im portant feature and others of less In terest, among which are: . An imposing military parade is be ing arranged on a big scale by Ma-Jor-General J. Franklin Bell, who has been appointed grand marshal. A great display of fireworks on the White Lot, Just in front of the White House, in combination with the illumination of the streets of Washington throughout the down town section, the dome of the Capi tol and the Washington monume-it and a drill and display of pyrotech nics by the Republican Flambeau Club of Minneapolis. The Inaugural ball will be held in the pension building, the largest brick structure in the world. With the convening of a new con gress scarcely more than a month distant, the selection of standing committees of the next house and particularly the award of chairman ships has become the subject of keen speculation. The understanding among mem bers is that the rule of seniority will be used in the selection of a chair man. There are, however, Important committees whose chairmen will not be members of the next house and the selection of their successors is causing no little speculation. The American National Red Cross Association has cabled to Ambassa dor Grlscom at Home $225,000, which he will present to Queen Helena for the purpose 0f beginning an agricultural colony in Calabria or Sicily for the orphans in the Ital ian earthquake district. For the purpose of shipping lum ber for houses for the earthquake sufferers, the Red Cross has given $100,000 to the navy department. The delivery of a package contain ing Intoxicating liquor to any person but the consignee is prohibited by the provisions of a bill Introduced by Representative Miller, of Kansas. A fine of not more than $5000 or Imprisonment for two years is fixed as a penalty for any violation. The bill applies to interstate shipments. SEEK HIGHER DUTY 0?l HOPS Western Growers to Ask for Double Cluirge. San Francisco, Feb. 1. To secure relief for the hop Industry of the Pa cific Coast from foreign competition, E. C. Hurst, of San Francisco, and Herman Klaber, of Portland, Or., will make another plea to the ways and means committee of Congress for an Increase in the duty on the foreign product. Foreign hops at present pay 12 cents a pound duty, and an Increase to 24 cents is sought. The plight of the hopgrowers is pictured as desperate. The produc tion In this country has fallen off In the last three years nearly 50 per cent, while the importations have nearly trebled. For the last three years, it is said, the American grow er has not received for his hops the cost of their production; and In Cal ifornia, Oregon and Washington hop fields are everywhere being aban doned and thousands of acres of hops plowed up. CONGRESS HONORS WIDOWS Wives of Cleveland and Hurrison Grunted Franking Privilege. Washington, Feb. 3. Frances Folsom Cleveland, widow of ex Presldent Grover Cleveland, and Mary Lord Harrison, widow of ex- r MRS. GROVER CLEVELAND. Preside-1 Benjamin Harrison, were granted the franking privilege for life by the provisions of a house bill passed by the senate. CAXADA AXI) MEXICO TO SENT) DELEGATES TO COXFEKEXCE Washington, Feb. 1. Now that the Cauadian and Mexican govern ments have both formally accepted President Roosevelt's invitation to send delegates to a North American Conservation Conference here, the final arrangements are being rapidly put Into shape. The conference will be held at the state department Feb ruary 18. Canada and Mexico will each send three delegates. The only others present will be the members of the National Conservation Commission and representatives of the state de partment and of one or two other executive departments. Adopt Spanish Industry. Pasadena, Cal., Feb. 2. Through experiments just completed, Cali fornia should come into a $2,000,000 industry that is now enjoyed by Spain as one of her chief winter ex ports. It is the growing, storage and marketing of choice varieties of grapes, which hitherto has belonged to the Castillians. For four years, experts of the de partment of agriculture have been experimenting with the preserving of grapes at the plant of the Pasadena Ice Company. Varieties have been subjected to every conceivable con li.Ion of temperature and time. The .esult shows that by a scientific method of packing and storing, choice species can be grown here in the summer, kept as long as neces sary and placed on the market in perfect condition. THE MARKETS Vortlund. Wheat Track prices: Club, 96c; red Russian, 93c; bluestem, $1.06; Valley, $1.00. Barley Feed, $28; rolled, $28 29. Oats No. 1 white, $34; gray $33. Hay Timothy, Willamette Valley, fancy, $16; do. ordinary,, $13; East ern Oregon, mixed, $18; do. fancy $20; alfalfa, $16; clover, 14. Butter Extra, 33 35c; fancy 33 34c; choice. 30c; store, 18c. Eggs Extra, 50c. Hops 1908, choice, 7Jc; prime, 6 7c; medium, 5 Cc; 1907, 2 21c Wool Valley, 14l5Vfec; n. Eastern Oregon, 8 16c, as to shrinkage. Mohair Choice, 1819C. Seattle. Wheat Bluestem, $1,07 Oats $34. Barley $27.50 28. Hay Eastern Washington timo Ihy, $18 per ton; Puget Sound hay $13 14 per ton; wheat hay $13 per ton; alfalfa, $13 14 per ton Butter Washington creamery 37c per lb.; ranch, 21c per lb. Eggs Selected local, 42c. Potatoes White River, $1924 per ton; Yakima, $22 26 per ton. : --,' iT.- r.V "! x y'r-ff V " ' r; and Water. A new Insurance Inspector bad Just completed his first trip la one of the big office buildings. He was making up his report in the office of the super intendent of the skyscraper. "Well," said the superintendent, old rou find everything ull rlgntr Teg." said the other, with a grin, "nil right but in one instance." "Wbntr , "It bad to do with the buckets In the corridors." "-hnt wns the matter there?" In quired the superintendent "I had them filled Just the otner oay. Thof ir einetlv ." replied the offi cial. "The label reads. 'For Fire Only.' and you have put water In themr Youth's Companion. "Life is full of ups and downs." said the uiau who Is airy and affable under all circumstances. "So 1 have heard." "Well, 1 am at present In the full en Joymeut of one of the upB." "I congratulate you." "Don't It s a case of 'hard up.' " "Well," asked a dramatist after ; first performance of his pluy. "uiu j like It'r" "Very much," answered his wife. "But there is oue Incongruity lu it The secoud act takes place two years after the first, and the young couple have the same cook." Ruberoid roofing, 1 ply and 2 ply, i'oi Ei.jo by S. D. kPitner. GAME LAW8. Any person knowing of au vloU ion of the game or fish laws of th itate, or of persons not proper ceeping screans over Irrlgatl litches, are requested to notify JOE CLEVIOMS, )eputy State. Game and Forv Warden, Zumwalt, Oregon. 4Jtf Information Concerning El ,'hth Orde Final Examinations. I. Dates: Three examinations annually. Each omity superintendent to select nonths for his county. (a) January 21-22. 1909. (b) May 13-14, 1909. c) June 10-11, 1909. (d) September 2-3, 1909. 2. Program : (a) Thursdays Arithmetic, Writ ing, History, and Civil Govern ment. (b) Fridays Grammar, Physiol ogy, Geography, and Spelling. 3. Sources of Questions: (a) Civil Government United States Constitution. (b) Geography State Course of Study: Redway and Hlnman's Natural School Geography. (c) History List of topics from History Outline in State Course of Study and Current Events. (d) Language Buehler's Modern English Grammar, no diagram ming. (e) Reading The teacher will send to the County Superintend ent the applicant's class standing in reading, which shall be taken by such superintendent as the ap plicant's standing on the subject. (f) Spelling Eighty per cent from Re3d's Word Lessons, and twenty per cent, from manuscript in Language. (g) Writing Specimens of pen manship as indicated in copied matter and from manuscript in Language. Respectfully submitted, J. H. ACKERMAN, Supt. Public Instruction. The first Eighth Grade examina tion for the year 1909 will be held January 21-22. Teachers preparing classes for this examination will please report to this office the number of applicants at TOWN PROPERTY FARM LANDS TIMBER LANDS STOCK RANCHES Property listed with me is unsolicited. The owners desire to sell. Consequently they are BARGAINS Now is the time to buy property in Enterprise. See me if you want a house or lot-any location Good farm propositions in valley and out lying districts. Insure your live stock in the National Live btock Insurance Company. You can not afford to take chances at the price it costs to insure your horses or cows. I have the best Standard Fire Insurance Com panies. Also the cheapest Mutual Company. W. E. TAGGART, Enterp rise, least thirty days before above date. Respectfully, J. C. CONLEY. Supt. of Schools. Department of Public Instruction 8alem CIRCULAR OF INFORMATION Giving the Bourcea of examination questions for State and County p. pers, February and August, 1909. 1. Arithmetic, One-fifth from State Course of Study, four-fifths from Smith. 2. Civil Government, Strong Schafer. 3. English Literature: February, 1909 A. " One-half from texts; New comer's English Literature, and Newcomer's American Litera ture. B. One-half from the following classics: 1. Lowell, The yifllon of Sir Launfal (Rlv. lit aer.) Hough ton, 25c, 22c. 2. Webster, The First Bunk er Hill Oration (Rlv. lit. ser.) Houghton, 25c, 22c. 3. Scott, Marmion (Pocket Classics) Macmllllon, 25c, 22c. August, 1909 A. One-half from texts: New comer's English Literature, and Newcomer's American Litera ture. B. One-half from the following classics: 1. Shakespeare, Julius Caesar (Riv. lit. ser.) Houghton, 25c, 22c. 2. Ruskln, Sesame and Lilies (Riv. lit. ser.) Houghton, :e. 22c. 3. Carlyle, Essay on Burns and Burns' Poems (Pocket Classics) Macmlllan, 25c, 22c. The first figure is the publisher's price, the second the price to schoo.s contracted for between the Oregon Library Commission and The J. K. Gill Co. 4. Geography, One-fifth from State Courses of Study, four-fifths from Redway & Hlnman, 6. Grammar, One-fifth from State Course of Study, four-fifths from Buehler. 6. History, TJ. S. One-fifth from State Course of Study, four-fifthi from Buehler. 7. Orthography, Reed's Word Les sons, 8. Physical Geography, Tarr'g New Physical Geography. 9. Physiology, Krohn, Hutchinson. 10. Reading, State Course of Study, Whl.e's Art of Teaching, Oral Reading. 11. School Law, School Laws of Oregon. 12. Theory and Practice, White's Art of Teaching. 13. Writing, Outlook Writing Sys tem , Tests in Writing. 14. Algebra, Wells: Algebra for Secondary Schools. 15. Bookkeeping. Office Methods and Practical Bookkeeping, Part I- 16. Composition, Herrlck & Damon 17. Physics, Mllllkan & Gale: A First Course In Physics. , 18. Psychology, Buell. 19. Botany, Bergen: Elements of Botany. 20. Geometry, Wentworth: Plane and Solid Geometry, questions on Plane Geometry. 21. History, General, Myers: Gen eral History. An examination Is required upon the first thirteen subjects for a first grade County certificate valid for three years; upon the first eighteen subjects for a State certificate valid for five years; and upon the twenty one subjects for a State diploma valid for life. FIRE INSURANCE PLATE GLASS INS. STOCK INSURANCE Oregon.