The Boardman mirror. (Boardman, Or.) 1921-1925, October 05, 1923, Image 1

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The United States Department ol
Agriculture in its official publication
gives a good illustration of what or
ganization is doing for the fan-: ra
In handling potatoes in Nebraska.
It states that last year the grow;-.-:
in south-central part of the stale
were unorganized and five or six
brokerage and shipping agencies op
orated and the results to the grower-,
were very unsatisfactory. This year
the growers organ!"-"' ijnfl aln o-t 90
rwr cent of theacrc..-:: in that local
ity is under contract to be sold thru
a central selling agency, under stan
dard grades. The federal publica
tion states that the result Is that
cash buyers are on the ground and
they take all the potatoes offered
every day and that "the present r ea
son is much more satisfactory to
dealers and growers alike."
The growers are running their own
B&ffl, s9r3
ft Ml k-M
business. They are putting up a
standard pack. Buyers know what
jthey are getting. By conrolling the
j output the farmers are not fighting
, each other for markets. It i3 a bus-
inesss proposition of marketing a
j commodity. It -is a system that must
lie generally adopted.
There is some opposition to the
new potato grading and Inspection
law in this state. There always is
at first with any such law of regula
tion. But if those who are dis3ati:
tied will see what grading, standard-
iation and inspection have done to
I the fruit industry of California, thev
Will welcome this law and heartily
cooperate with it.
The state cooperative poultry as
sociation is asking its members li
' 1 ay will sign new members hip con
tracts, the present contracts exjrfr
Ing December of this year. The new
contract will have a clause under
which any member may withdraw a
stated times if he is not satisfied with
me association me associatio, under
its present management, has had a
very satisfactory year, members gen
erally have been very much pleased
With results, and there will no doubt
be hearty becking of the new con
tracts by producers. This associa
tion has been thru the mill, made
the usual mistakes, corrected then
and is now in position to control thr
egg production of the state to thr
advantage of poultrymen, if they will
get behind the association and sus
tain it.
The Department of AgricUltur Oi
the state of Washington in its offic
ial News Letter states that the com
bined wheat crop of Canada and hi
United States is 87,000,000 bush. Is
lesss than last year, and that the bot
tom of the fake about a tremendous
surplus should have fallen out by
this time. It says the millers ar
quietly taking all the hard wheat of
fered a substantial premims over
Hoard of Trade quotations, leaving
nothing but soft wheat for the ele-
At" A
.HQ1 su a nsfi r-c? ri o
U -K
Ee Who Eeitstes Is Safe
srvat i7 i would se
ie last fiv. years.
to be nature's last law
ra. 0.101 DAMfUU ( ftlmMf HvtoA
the Dumber killed at the B; ttle of Gettysburg) have sacri
ficed their lives at highway grade crossings in the United
States thru failure to atop, look and listen.
Train operation is sale because railway employes are care
fully trained. Except in a fc w states, automobile drivers are
turned loose without even an examination.
Trains and street cars stop before crossing 'another rail
road where there is no interlocking device. If ft he neces
sary for them, how much more necessary for the auto driver!
For most automobiles carry loved ones and friends of the
Yet, eight out of ten automobile drivers race across rail
road tracks without stopping and looking in either direction.
Many motorists disregard the watchman's stop signal. Run
ning thru and breaking crossing gates is a common occur
rence. One-fifth of all train accidents Involving automobile
rwnw oj uie auiomouii j running into the side of
1-1 Uill.
The railroads maintain warning signs and require engine
men to whistle and ring the bell for every crossing. High
ways are being relocated to eliminate crossings. But rail
roads are powerless to prevent injury ;o occupants of auto
mobiles who fail to exercise care for their own safety.
It has been suggested that all grade crossings be re
moved. There are 250.000 in the United States at $50,000
each it would cost $12,500.noo,000 - and take at lat ihlrtv
years -to remove them. This expense is about two-thirds of
the value of all railroad oi the country, as tentatively
found by the Intersate Commerce Commission, and neither
the railroads nor the municipalities have the money. The
"Stop, UOk and Listen" rule can be followed now without
cost. It takes a train but a f:w seconds to pass over a cross
ing. Surely no one would racrfice his life and his loved
ones to save a few seconds!
Lives of rail passengers are Imperiled bv grade crossing
accidents. Recent Iv everal train- on extern roi ds in-v
been derailed by striking motor vehicles, and enginemen and
passengers have been killed.
Grade eaoaaiilg accidents would absolutely if every
automobile drfcrec would stop, look and listen at every trade
cross! ift.
Won't you do it?
Omaha. Nebraska,
October I, 1923.
j J L Th 2 Annual Fall Nightmare
1 L
h L'E Ik.. : .MYvJ.r.. Mli
1 LJ cHW.m.o.i - J I
Farmers' Opinions
on Stock Feeding
1 fH
Obtaining Feed Economi
cally Is Most Troublesome
Problem of Breeders.
vators. The publication states
when the exporters come into the
market to gef the wheat that Europe
must have "they will have to 'a;.
for it. "The "great surplus of
wheat" was a newspaper-created eur
"lus in the interests of the grain
'-,a " expense oi me ii was loiind impossible to ge! (hi
American farmers. When the wheat ready by Oct. 0 as planned so date
growers control their wheat and run will be announced next week. Watch
their own business, newspaper prop- for it .
The l adies Aid play is coming
nicely. Wahnona Rands has charge
Of It and is directing ihe caste.. I
Is humorous and full of funnj situ
ations depicting human nature as
seen in the Union Station, and will
be well worth the price of admission.
aganda will not be able
lakes over on a nation.
to put such
On Tuesday afternoon Mrs. W. O
King was hostess at a pleasant af
ternoon party honoring her mother
who leaves this week for her home
after a three-weeks' visit here. Th(
afternoon passed rapidly with
needlework and visiting. The
who enjoyed this delightful o
were the Last End vonien':
dames Glen Hadley.P, J. Had'ey, N
Ohrtotianson, Larson, Miller, Ear
Cramer, Mead, Ray Brown, Carrett
Richardson, Howell, ES, K. Mulkey
Williamson, Hereim, and Mi
Mr. Pattee had a closim; out
at bis ranch on the Last lhui
its of
Wednesday. He
, men)-; d stock.
crl( if sale.
Oeo. Van Nost
Wash., visited a
Bock and Bailey's
Thursday for bis
sold all
Mr. H.
his im
H. Wei
"Mother, what are these?"
"Well, can't you see? These things
were grown by farmers who are be
bind the limes. Over there is tin
way to fix tilings up to sell 'em."
That mother got the point of tb
extension service exhibit at the State
fair. On the one hand were shown
field and orchard run products
poorly packed, dirty, Ungraded, un-
stsmtardised, not backed by concert
ed advertising just as many far
mers have been aCCUttomCd 'o Mil
larket. on-
I heir prod It
ril of Bl
few days
on ihe market.
posed to I hem were BOOWB egg!
ries, apples, prunes, and cheesf
wore wen graded, attractively
led, itandardized, advertised
work of coopeiative growers'
cia I ions.
, ber
that lab
Stanley Wain, (lie infant son o
Mr. and Mrs. W. O. King was ehrli
tened at the Community church Sun
Mrs. J. T. Heat
land last week for
with relatives.
left for
few days
vi. 1 1
!) partment of the Interior, U. S.
Land Office at The Dalles, Oregon,
September's?, 1023.
MOW to grow 10 pounds of 'n -toes
on a single plant under' g'a"s I
shown at the station exhibit, Use of
pure Drains ol Bonny Best, vigorous
j disease-free plantH, and frequent I
1 regular potlenattOB of flowers turned
the Hick.
That every container of potai
offered tor sale in Or
labeled and may be Inspected
asked by either grower, dealer.
consumer, was shown in
demons! rat Ion at the slat Ion
All shipments In lois of 1 0
I more mil d be inspected. T
not mean that lots stored or sold lo
caiiv must be inspected. The grades
tons or
llS does
nd Mrs. Sam Beeks of Sun-
dale, Wash., came Tuesday for
few (lavs with the HeeW and Rollnv
NOTICE Is hereby given that Sol- families. Mis. Beeks is a niece of
onion C. Cummins, of
are fannjr. No. I. o. 2
tot I, and culls. No. 1
Important and et sential
Is tin
Cummins, of Hermiston
Oregon, who. on June 22, 1020. made
Homestead entry, No. 010Y49, for
BBUi Section 26, Township 3 3 N.,
Range SI B., Willamette Meridian,
has filed notice of intention lo make
final three year proof, to establish
claim to the land above described,
before C. G. Blayden, United States
Commissioner, a; Boardman, Oregon,
on the 13th day of November, 1923.
Claimant names as witnesses:
Henry J. Tafel, Oliver Lee Gra
ham, John Puller. Sherman Nelson,
all of Echo, Oregon.
Mrs. Bailey.
E. K. Mulkey' s entertained Mr
and Mrs. Tagg and W. 0, King and
family for dinner ,u Sunday.
The Nineteenth Hole.
A merchant und n parson played
golf together, and the parson, nearly
always beaten, was griming gloomy.
"Never mind, father," comforted
of the
my fun
J. W. DQMWCtl Y.
the merchant, "(
you'll be preachhij
fiion and then yon can
"And at tliur It will be
i me the retort inoroxi
"Oregon's Marketing Hound Table"
In the foreground or the extension
service exhibit at Hie slat fair In
eluded Oregon's potato, et;g, berry,
nut, apple, and prune growers gath
nr-d to discuss the problems eon
fronting them in the profitable mar
keting of their products, with a rep
resentative of the extension s'.rvioe
silting will them in an effort "to
throw some light on the situation."
This miniature tabic, with chain to
match and figures of , nm mad ol
the product each represented ra
terestod fair visitors,
HM'j (; ( N N E W S
ly new. v.
-Majestic range. Near
P. Trumbull, Stanfl Id
Sept. 1st. A large
qUSility. Please bring your own
containers as usual. Ten-acro or
chard, 2 V4 miles north of Herm
iston, Ore. K. 1. DAVB3
WANTED- Fresh eggs and
French Cafe, Pendleton
NV OIRL in troubln may communi
cate with Ensign Lee of the Sal
vation Army at the White Shield
Home, r,65 Mayfair Ave., Portland.
Oregon. sel 4
Hotel Iwrlon, Pendleton
the house of welcome
Sbotweii Co net ruction company oi
llermlHlon is getting nady lor a lot
of highway work. A ear of lumber
has beun received un l crusher is be
ing installed a mile and a half east
- - - f Irrlgon, just norm of Mr Rieks
Ready about ,,iaee. The state highway depaitr
crop of fine ment also eXDOCta to mil In 1.,, .,i
work by day labor ht-itllog mud from
pit near N. 0. Boavert'i plana for
binder for the crushed rock work.
In additlOO lo liiis, the district ex
Pacts to build a mile of more of side
W. B. Howard bus purchased H.e
blacksmilb shop from Chus. Powell
and is putting Is BTOg days' work a
week, namely, Wednesdays, Thurs
dajs and Fridays. Other days can
be arrungtxl In advance If ,ob Justi
fies Huch additional time. This again
lills the needs of Irrlgon district
Since il. B. lane left more or leas
Inconvenience lent tr. I... vnnn k...
1 ,
(rrepare.l by the t'nltpd stntea Department
o( Ag-ru-ullure.)
Producing or otherwise obtaining
their feed economically is the most
troublesome feeding problem of farm
ers who keep live stock. This was
brought out emphatically through a
questionnaire sent out by the United
states Department of Agriculture
Which was answered by nearly 500
farmers scattered over the country.
The replies showed that general econ
omy of rations, the cost of grain, aud
the cos: hi protein represent about iW
per cent of the difficulties In feeding.
These men classed balancing f ru
Uoni next Ut Importance, other prob
lems, such as labor, increasing pro
duction, difficulties In wintering stock,
short pastures, ami variety ami Ml.
atauTllty (,r feeds apparently were
thought of only in connection with
Ihe principal difficulties, That these
opinions are worth conaldaring is
borne nut by thfl fact that nil of the
men questioned were progressive otrm-
ers and breeders, and the average pe
riod of their experience , years.
Adopt Balanced Rationc.
During the two decades these stuck
raisers have been working l get
ahead, many Changes Law taken place
in Uie ways of feeding Itnuiml. The
Outstanding progressive step taken has
been the wide uilnptlng of the bal
anced ration. Other Improvement! in
the order given by most of ihe Hve
hundred farme rs are more liberal feed
ing, feeding lunrg legumes, better wa
ter supply, plUVtdiug mineriils, fei'd
Ing accnnling t.o production, feeding
more pTOtelO, and mure regular feed
ing. At the same time they list the
common errors In feeding which are
responsible for poor results, poor com
binations of feeds being the one most
frequently mentioned, followed by 1111
dorteodlni us the next most effective
reducer of proAta, Following these In
regular order, based on the number of
limes mentioned In the answers, no
luck of protelfi, hick of water, lack of
legumes, sudden changes of feed, poor
housing parasites, lack of salt, waste
of feed, poor equipment, und overfeed
Ing. Practically ull of the . trouble!
are easily preventable.
Almost all of these oOO farmers bad
raised at 0BC time or another scrubs,
grades, and pure breils, und almost to
a man they Joined in a paean Of praise
of the pure bred, only I per cent of
them reported that they bad failed
with Improved stock. M,,si replies
Contained Speetilc estimates showing
the supe riority of well-bred over random-bred
animals, und when itver-
aged n as brought out thai these
men consider that port breds make
abOlM 40 per cent better returns on
feed used than common stock. It Is
l&tereatlng to note here thitt another
questionnaire sent out by the depart'
menl a year ago and answered by sev
eral hundred fanners showed that In
their opinion pure breds have a gen
eral utility value a Ite more Umn 10
per cent greater than common si,,iU
Many Use Self-Feec! rs.
The repeat prepared by the depart
menl nn the results of this feeding In
vestlgat.iea contains many more in
teresting sidelights en feeding ami
corroborates a Bomber of tendencies
ttUtt g I observers must have sus
pected. For Instance, of 4tM) who an
swered question regarding the use of
self-feeders, .5 per cent bad used
this method of feeding, leaving ul t
three-fifths yet to lake up this econ
omy. At present the self-feeder seems
to be used mostly In hog raising ,8.
trb is aiel lor poultry, In the Middle
West more than half the farmers re
porting used it. The general sen ti
ro n1 geeiUS to be thai tills piece of
equipment is especially suited to bogs
and chickens, but u few farmers used
It for feeding elves and sheep.
Nearly all of those who replied
made comment on the feeding of sl
bige, und practically . p,.r t
them use tSUS feed, in th alii-
eastern states, where dairying is very
generally followed, two-thirds of the
farmers In the list have silo-. Al
though., most of the slluge Is fed to
dairy cows, the list of unlurals to
which it is fed, according to tin- ques
tionnaire, Includes ulso steers, breed
ing ewes, and bfOOd mows. A few men
niported feeding it In limited quontl
tles to horses, hog., ni lambs.
II Is worth while to note that more
Umn '1 per cent of these fanners who
answered the government questions
credited farm pa pern as the principal
source of their knowledge of feisllng
problems, other Important sources
mentioned were: Experience on home
farm, general observation, bulletins,
and books and records
is still
Let us do that next printing ior you. Ml blutkmnitb woik doi