The Boardman mirror. (Boardman, Or.) 1921-1925, September 28, 1923, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Hoison E S
D. H. Otis
Collective Marketing, Diversified Farming, Promotion of
Agricultural Education and Use of Bank Instead of
Mercantile Credits Chief Lines of Suggested Action.
By D. H. OTIS.
Director, Agricultural Commission, American Bankers Association.
Four lines of action to improve the business of farming
stand out in the discussions that have occurred at a series
of farmer-banker conferences now being held throughout
the United States. They are collective marketing, di
versified fanning, the promotion of agricultural education
and the use of the more economical bank credit rather
than mercantile credit. At many points active steps to
foster action along these lines have been taken.
The conferences were initiated by the Agricultural
Commission of the American Bankers Association to the
end that the condition of the man on the farm be improved
The first conference was held in conjunction with the Wis
cousin Louege of Agriculture at Madison. An important
point of contact for the work of the Commission was established at this
meeting In the form of co-operation with the agricultural colleges
Many farmers, it was brought out, now
depend entirely on the cotton crop
and buy the products named for theii
own tables.
More Economical Credit
At the conference at Ithaca, H. Y
those participating felt that a better
understanding between farmers and
bankers would be beneficial to both
At present a large amount of the Cred
It used by farmers is in the form (
mercantile credit, which. It was rutin
ed out, is much more expensive for
them than bank credit. It was falf th,
a campaign of education is needed to
acquaint farmers with banking facill
ties. The conference, therefore, rec
ommended thatohe Agricultural Com
mlttee of the State Bankers Aasocia
tlon, the agricultural college and rep
resentatives of the Farm Bureau and
the State Grange get together for the
purpose of working out programs and
plans for further meetings to be held
in the various counties of the state.
At a conference held at Amherst,
Massachusetts, there were representa
tives from Vermont, New Hampshire,
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Con
necticut. Emphasis was placed on the
importance of the Boys' and Girls'
Club work. The New England confer
ence also felt that the Importance of
bank credit over merenntilo gHh
should be stressed. A resolution was
adopted and Is being sent to agricul
tural committees in each State urging
that they get in touch with their agri
culural colleges and map out a pro
gram for educating the farmer In re
gard to the importance and th econo
my of bank credit over mercantile
The emphasis on this resolution
came not so much from the bankers
present as It did from the representa
tives of the agr.cultural colleges aud
the farmers.
In five other states California
Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Utah
it was agreed at subsequent confer
ences that bankers' agricultural com
mittees would meet at the state agri
cultural colleges and. in co-operation
with the college officials, work out a
program that they would recommend
to the banks.
The Texas Plan
It was at the Texas conference that
It was developed that the officials of
both the bankers' association and of
the state college felt the big problem
for that state was the establishment
of a system of collective, orderly mar
keting. In order to bring this prob
lem effectively before the farmers and
the bankers it was agreed to hold a
banker-farmer meeting in December.
Efforts will be made to get from 200
to 250 bankers to attend, each hanker
to bring with him several representa
tive farmers of his community. The
program and demonstration will em
phasize the need of meeting the mar
keting problem and point ways to a
satisfactory solution.
At Athens, Georgia, the conference
recommended that the State Bankers
Association take steps to raise a fund
for assisting deserving students to
complete a college course in agri
culture or home economics. This
conference, recognizing the valuable
work being done by county agricul
tural and home demonstration agents,
also went on record as favoring the
employment of agents in each county.
At the Raleigh, North Carolina, con
ference the pressing problem, in addi
tion to loans for worthy students, was
held to be encouragement of the fann
er to practice greater crop diversifica
tion. The conferees felt that the first
big step was to get farmers at least
to produce sufficient vegetables, fruit,
milk, meat and poultry to live on.
j " J I
i j Along the Concrete
A90VT 'EM rLawagP lMOW J ....
lib- v Y- 1
wmr iml?
,m m 1. . . trnmrnm vmm- I I 1
niaiion l.'.i'iim insirucis
East End neighbors made a sur
prise cal on Mr and Mrs. Eait
Cramer Wednesday evening, Al-
though they knew Mis. Cramer never
I "listens in" dining a telephone OOn
j voraatlon, nevertheless they had Zoe
j liadloy cut the current so the Darts
be planned without
to the victims. lint It w
jolly, hilarious bunch of people who
congregated at Mr. Mead's about
8:80 p. m. and stole in on the sur
prised' couple, who were down on the
door looking at a scene Mr. Cramer
was drawing on a cardboard. The
dogs barked but Zoe pounded the
piano to drown noise of loolsl
ADQUt people, all n,
young and old, came and
until an earto
ii 0 i I d
aiorntng, They played
way from "Button,
Got the Button." to
" iiim i ha r.nn .,,.1.....
of amaze? tent and blu
on the Paces of youni
they made their choice
mcus ami rect ived a kli from Pa'th,
Hope or Charity, was more fun H-in
party. The Green Monstt r
11--1 nil yen w den w ' I or
time in and found his of
hour 'i hur iday
gamea nil the
Dutton, Who's
the "Initiation
o see the look
bine, uurprlse
; and old as
Of the three
ii picnic
was also
hii.sba nils
SheeD Raisinor Sourred
, . , . 1 The Oregon experiment station
by Advance in Prices hiwt at me state fair this
Field Tests by Coiinly Agenta Show
LeM Smut and More 1'laiK.s
From Dry Tlitm Wet
Copper Carbonate dust is in ex
tensive use this fall by Oregon far
mers to control wheat smut. It has
proved as good as the usual liquid
treatment in smut prevention when
the job is well done, and usually
gives a much better stand of more
vigorous plants, even when the
of sowing is a peck less per acre.
The seed may be treated as time is
found, then planted at once or held
for a long time without injury.
One half of Umatilla county fall
sown grain will be dry tested, says
ared Uennion, county agent. In
To know
how good a cigarette
really can be made
vou must trv a-
Morrow county 65,000 acres and in
Wasco more than 6,000 acres will be
dry tested, the county agents report.
Like reports of the popularity of
the new method are made by ex
tension agents in other parts of the
More than 200 demonstrations
wrre conducted by 11 agents on the
crop harvested in 1923 to Bhow the
relative efficiency of copper carbon
ate, bluestone and formaldehyde. In
ten Fmatilla county fields the dry
treated seed showed 3.,r. ner muiI
smut in the crop, the liquid treated
1 4.4. Although sowed at 18 pounds
less per acre it brought n 16 ner
I cent better stand.
High grade material containing !
j not less than 50 per cent metallic)
; copper by weight, ground fine enough '
to nass thrnilfh 1 1 1 1 , .,t.-, oAnn
made to coat every kernel all over,
is essential to success. An increased
; rate for rather badly smutted wheat
j to 3 ounces per bushel is recom-
mended by the station mn.
Machines for applying the dust ef
fectively so far reported to the sta
tion are put out hy the Calkins Ma
chine Co., and the Walla Walla Iron
Works, Walla Walla, Wash.
"The farmer who has the equipment
and feeds at hand should be encour
aged in raising lambs." says Phil A.
Anderson of the animal husbandry di
vision, 1'nlverslty of Minnesota. "But
farmers entering this Held should go
slowly at first ami study the require
ments very thoroughly," he adds.
Mr. Anderson makes the foregoing
Statement In view of the greatly In
creased interest exhibited In sheep pm.
duetlon the last few months, which tins
been brought about by advancing
prices for wool, a steady lamb market
and good profits made in feeding lambs
during 1921-1922.
stocks of wool, which accumulated
during the war and immediately after,
have now been converted Into merchan
dise. Manufacturers short of mill sup- 1
plies and eager to keep the mills going
have become anxious to buy, cauaing
the price to go op,
"Prices of lambs have been at $12 to
$10 per 100 pounds for 11 long time,
with a variation of $2 to $2. .10 for
shorn lambs," says professor Anderson.
Such prices tnould be an Inducement
for many farmers to have flocks of 25 1
to ,i5 ewes or more which will consume
green food perhaps otherwise wasted
and convert it into a marketable
product. With wool and market stock
high in price, because of a decrease in
the number of sheep n the United
States and the action of the Qew pro
tective tariff, our sheep breeders can
urely compete with the breeders nt
other countries.1
Oregon agriculture at its laiesl and
Besjf, in tnjniaturo. Fi--id crop.; that
diversify and pay dividends, fruit
harvest methods that save fruit, val
ues, ways of protecting plants and
animal:; from devastating pests and
diseases, guarding the family health
by checking bacteria. And soil meth
ods I hat replace a1 well as trie plant
foods, arc to be observed by the in
terested visitor. T.')j dhplay ii part
answer to the question of what pro
duce will profitably replace the crops
to be curtailed or discarded in the
revised farming program.
Farm Radio News Projected
The Oregonian station at Portland
will broadcast talks of value to far
mers and of interest to bankers and
business men cooperating with them
every Thursday evening from 8
o'clock to 8:30, beginning October
4. The series will be an all-year
feature put on by the agricultural
college extension service. The Brst
half do::en lectures wiM be by Paul
V. Maris, director. 011 the recent sur
vey of farm production and distri
bution. Another series on home nu
trition and human health will be put
( on from the same station by the
home demonstration department 1111
der direction of Mrs. Jessie I). Mc
; Comb, state leader.
Vaccinating Cattle to
Prevent Shipping Fever
Although still In the fXjierlinentn
vaccinatum method of treat
o prevent their contracting
ie septicemia has reached
11 that it Is
stage, thi
Ing csftlfl
such a desree of pert
now In use by the t'lilted Slates I e
psrtmeni of Agrtculi ure,
Until the method has been more!
thoroughly tried out, the department
Will ftirn'sh vaccine produced In Its
laboratory anil also trained veterltwr-
treatment at
r companion sluing
her one's hands or
around their necks.
Supper van served to (
llonrdman's bountiful v.,- f
lng. All had a very merry ii
The pai t) WM also i! ill
Mr. and Mrs. Jay Cox,
a n
if the second
Irrl;ron fa i r h id been '.
it would have been the
BXceoding the first one,
lid ouiilil v of O'.'iibits,
"'v rdmnn
W list Week,
yet, far
both In fi-p
etc., ad Inl'l-
n', to the extent of a run column.
Hut the nower wont off rlstW in Mie
middle of a line on this story of what
might have been, so Willi this
brief peroration and rome blank
'n i . we
'What ml;
lit have
e th
Inns who v
actual cost.
Losses from ih's disease have been
steadily Increns'ng for Severn. yei;rs.
Inning the past full and winter the
disease became more prevalent and
virulent then ever before. It is most
likely to show Itself among animals
shipp d long distances, although It
neenstonalb attacks thove that have
Bevel1 left the home place.
Great Value of Adding
Protein to Hog Ration
'l b
ill sad
rords of tot
are these
e or, pen,
'll might
Overcrowding Chickens
Is Quite Unprofitable
In culling the flock it is better to
cull severely and save Jus; enough
birds to till the laying houses to their
capacity. Overcrowding never pays,
as It cuts down egg production and
increases Ihe chunces of disease. p
Is very difficult to keep the straw III-
.er cisan and dry in a poultry bi
that Is overcrowded.
Curing a Dad Habit.
Very frequently dogs will get Into
the habit of sucking eggs, mi l pact
this is started it Is usually bard te
break. Willi seme dogs 11 sound
whipping or giving them a hot egg will
effect the cure. Hut with others a
morn severe lesson la necessary. The
most effectual reined) is to draw
from an egg some of the contents
through a hole drilled at dne of the
ends. Then Insert in this aperture a
quantity of red peppier, placing the
egs in such u place that the dog Is
sure to find It. After one or two ex I
perlencas the dog will on give the '
egs a wide berth. Sportsaian'g In- I
filing protein to 11
when Pigs helm: fattened
for market have the run Of a good
aifnlfn pasture, was shown la 11 test
conducted by the Kansas experiment
station last year, tine lot was fed nil
ti rn it would eat. In addition to
alfalfa pasture. The other lot was fed
nil the corn It would eat plus one-fourth
of a pound of tankage per head per day
in addition to alfalfa pasture. The pig
In the lot receiving no tankage made a
zilin of .71 pound per day at u coet "f
100 pounds of gain. The pigs
receiving tanknge made a
Many Attend RonndlTp
As usual a great many Boardman
people uttended the Hound Pp. II
is .1 difficult mat tor to gat the names
of all. A partial II it follows:
W. II. Stewart ami family, M K.
Warren and Clay, Frauds Blavden,
Roy Ollbreth . Ida Mofford, Albert
Macomber, Tom O'Donnell's, Beck's,
Cha 1. Wlcklauder and son, Carl, on
; per
Ihe In'
gain of 1.2."i pounds per
of $4M per hhi pounds
addition of oBO-fottrth 1
tankage per head per 1
pasture reduced the co
cents a hundred.
Bat unlay
t aching
1 1 aching
Hector Wioklandor on
it. Johnson's, all the
e of ihe lioardman
of the Hoa rd niansc zo
(My if a cost
of gain. The
f a pound of
ay on alfalfa
t of gains r,0
Noted Shi 10 River Bridge
pplo Aathtwaoae Mwsai 1 1
Fnprotected orchards of western
Oregon and similar districts are
threatened with serious infection of
apple anthracnose this fall as soon
as rainy weather begins, unless Bor
deaux mixture is applied at once. An
thracnose has been brought under
control inmany orchards by applica
tions of Bordeaux mixture in Julv and
August Delay of spraving infec'td
trees till after picking is a mistake,
savs the experiment station plant
pathologist, as It is then too late to
avert the early fall infections which
cause the most serious damage.
Gulls Hi p farmers.
Through sonthenatern Oregon an.)
Utah gulls ofien pluck up a llvlni
of grasshoppers. They rid the field!
of liannfiil insects ami help pt-otect
the crops from field mice, says Nature
Magazine. Ah the water In turned
Into the ileitis from the Irrigation
ditches it seeps into th burrows, drlv
lng out tin- mice, which ure devoured
by the wn.ling gulls.
To Adjust G
If you di
applying the
Into wood, you
screw will go In
difficulty. When ;
screw into plaster.
In the plaster Inrg
Kill the hole with
uwi 10 Wood or
11 screw Inio ol
screw driver to
III find Hi
without the
repining to
first make
r than the
M pnste in
emi It
it tin
pu' 11
11 hole
ids f
It to I
f pnrls mixed
1 hni
ill the
with alum
then allow
rev, will be
reet,,r, '
sue you
the actor,
"Yes, and
dersianil V"
The h"ii
stand, but (1
More to t
Daring," si
'in this scat
for oiHt fee
a ll
more th
ies tin
'Yes, 1 U4 lei
S'.eing Is
UHnor Have
you got uny
hid I
i' Yes, ma'atu.
Customer - Invisible 1
Clerk -Ye, ma'am,
Customer Lei a