WORLD HAPPENINGS OF CURRENT WEEK Brief Resume Most Important Daily News Items. COMPILED FOR YOU Events of Noted .People, Governments and Pacific Northwest, and Other Things Worth Knowing. The gov eminent will attempt to break up a country wide ring of boot leggers, with headquarters in New York city, which is charged with oper ating the maritime liquor mart off Jersey's three-mile limit. The Florida senate has adopted a houso resolution which declares it to bo "the sonBe" of tho legislature that Darwinism, atheism and agnosticism should not bo taught as "truths" in the public schools or institutions of the Btate. W. 11. Nusseyi member of (he terri torial house of representatives In Honolulu, Tuesday pleaded guilty in federal court to violating tho national prohibition law ami was fined $25 and cost, liotli the fine and costs were rc mittcd. President Harding has decided defin Itely to make his contemplated trip through the west and In Alaska, leav lug Washington about June 20 and 1 lug absent from tho capital about 00 clays, it was announced Tuesday at the White House. The Prussian diet, discussing art questions, confirmed the report that Coslma Wagner, widow of the great Wagner, is living in distress at Hay reutli. The diet unanimously asked tho nation to help support the widow of tho great master. Discussion by President Harding and his cabinet Tuesday of the situa l ion with respect to homing of govern ment activities, principally in Wash logton, led to a decision to present to congress next December a program to construction of more adequate fa( ties. The balance of International trade turned sharply against tin- United Slates In March and continued so dur hlg April, according lo estimates Just made by tho commerce department. which valued March Imports at $402, ami, lion ami exports during (he monlh at S41,1M,000. Upton Sinclair, author and socialist and three' companions were arrested Tuesday In San Pedro, Cal., whero u strike of the marine transport workers branch of the Industrial Workers of tho World has been in progress since April 16, and tho trio was picked up by police on strike duty. Tho death list was Increased to 21 Tuesday by tho finding of four addi tional victims of the tornado which swept Mitchell county, Texas, Monday. Tho list of Injured contained about 200 names, a large majority of thorn Mexicans. Property loss probably will reach $500,000, according to latest esti mates. The Standard Oil company of New Jersey Tuesday made public the con solidated Income aCCOUnt for 1022 Of its own and affiliated companies, show ing total earnings of 149,241,411 as ugalnst ,845,0:10 in 11)21. The com pany's own earnings In 1022 totaled 12.8S7.74l and those of Its affiliated companies $3a,354,6M. dross assets taken at book value totaled $1,123,700, 8U0 as against $1,115,030,077 the year before. GREEKS THREATEN TURKEY Indemnity Pay Kef used ; Hal tie Pre ferred- Lausanne Gloomy. Mystery surrounding a sugar secret meeting cm the floor of the New York coffee ami sugar exchange Tuesday was dispelled when It was learned that John W. Davis, ex ambassador to Great Britain, now counsel for the exchange, hud appeared on the floor and an nounced the taking or an appeal by the attorney general against the refusal of the federal district court to grant the fcoverninont's petition for an injunc tion against trading in sugar futuroa. Tho children of tomorrow will get their educatlou at schools In which the motion picture screen will supplant the blackboard and the motion picture film will take tho place of textbooks. Thomas A. Fdlson predicted Tuesday at tho investigation by th,e federal trade commission of charges that the Famous Players l.asky corporation and six allied organizations constituted a motion picture trust. Tho famous In ventor, w hoso rece nt questionnaires have led him to say harsh things about present educational methods In the I'nlted States, was called for the pur pose of developing the importance of the film industry and lis possibilities for the future. Lausanne. If Turkey insists on war to settle the question of indemnity she claims is due from Greece, then Greece will accept the gage of battle, M. Alexandria, the Greek foreign min ister, told the foreign correspondents Monday night. I"he Greek delegates, he added, will be withdrawn from the near eastern conference this week if Turkey per sists in her reparation demands. Ihe Turks have given no indica tion of an intention to recede from their reparation demands and M. Alex andra declaration mat Greece was resolved not to pay one cent of in demnity brought increased pessimism in conference circles. The Greek foreign minister denied that lie had come to Lausanne in a bellicose mood, but said the Greek army had been reorganized since the overthrow of Constantine and was now well equipped and able to take care of itself. I think," he said, "if the worst comes to (lie worst, the Greek army will be able to defend its honor." M. Alexandria added that ho would like; tiie American people to realize Greece's position, especially that, al though. Greece had numerous provo- U. S. BILL TO BERLIN IS $1,479,064,313.92 Settlement Up to Mixed Claims Commission. M illion in OCCUPATION COSTLY Food Research Institute Puts Loss Each Year at From Five to Ten Millions. America Leads Those Who Ask Com pensation With $336,113,000 Army Bill. Washington, D. C. America's bill of 'ar claims against Germany amounts to $1,479,004,313.92 as it has been present ed to the mixed claims commission for settlement. The United States government itself is the largest claimant, asking for $336,113,000, while the smallest of tho 12,416 claims filed with the commis sion is for $1. Heading the list of claims by individ i iiiuns which would reasonably Justi- uals are those growing out of the sinl fv Iwir" in annanlwi' Cl,r, an n.lcl, Tn, I , a . ' " - "'" 1M, IS oi ine i.usitania by the German sub l.'f- .ltn li!.,l irn,r,.,l tlw.m ..11 I .. " ' " vl" marine Thnv tr,C;.l,l w tnr nnn , nut,. clw. .!t,.l ,1, .),. p ' """ ,wvw,wwv UIlll DSace. "lay be disIJ0Sl of first by the com The seizure by the Turks of the mission. Germany already has admit Impoverished refugeeB' funds in the ted liability but not in definite amount Bank of Constantinople, continued the The stunendous total tvnio.t proceeding is revealed for the first time in a report made to the state do ijuiuneiii uy itoDert u. Morris, agent for tin; United States before the com mission. Work on determining the amounts Germany must pay already has been begun by the commission minister, and the abominable treat incut of Greek prisoners of war re cently arrived from Asia Minor con tltuted such provocations. The Greeks and Turks had signed a separate con lit ion at Lausanne in January for the compulsory exchange of popula tions with the distinct provision that It should be inoperative before May 1. et the Turks have sent an additional wmcn organized last October, and 711.000 refugees since the signature of which is composed of Edwin B. Parker the convention, its terms. in gross violation of of Texas, American commission, and Dr. Wilhelm Kiesselbach, German com mission, with ex-Justice Day of the su preme court as umpire Tho American claims are to be dis posed of without regard to the alliei reparations claims, tho report of Mr Morris disclosing that the commission has entered a formal order that "the 21 Moros Killed in Row .Manila, P. I, Twenty-four Moro re Unions fanatics on the island of l'ata near Jolo (Sulu), were killed Monday by a detachment of insular constabul cry, according to a dispatch received ii the office of Governor-General Leon- machinery provided by the Versailles ird Woo, I. The dispatch said that treaty and the rules and methods of KDara, wlio styles himself a prophet, procedure thereunder eovnrninir th ni. I his followers, attacked a constabu- disposition of claims, including renara- u.-i.m ii in miner i-ieiueiiani au- tions claims, so-called neutrality teiesac me Village 01 Kiput. claims, claims growinir out of evnen dispatch said that 24 Moros tional war measures to be dealt with were killed, but that there were no hv mlviwl Kli1 ,-n, i u,, , ... i .ii i-.ii.ii iiiuuuuia, ftiiuii iuce tiualtiea among the constabulary I no application to, and are not bind- troops. Akbara is widely known among ing on this commission .a . . . . - l - me Moros as ;t ivImioiiH i'iii it who. Wither ic h i it.. -. su (hm-i oiiut ,i..,iiir LlltJ through his preaching, has gathered United States or its citizens increas- Umllt ''lowers around him. They Ing the amount of tho claims present -ooclltlv lipnnnin mniu I !, m hmmIIv I .J t. , . .. . " ...... u 11.-111.111.7 ra, mr. iviorris Having stlpuated, on irtive. Akbara told his followers he behalf of tho American government was a prophet, descended from heaven, and Germany having accented a nro and thai ho was bulletproof. Today's viso permitting the claims to bo chang dispatch did not say whether the latter ed in amount later If circumstances Statement was borne out. The fanatic and the facts disclosed should reuuire also said he had power lo cause air- Tho largest claim listed In th plains to fall. report Is that bv tho IkiwImk covoriior (.eneral Wood announced eminent for srr.r. r,4t sm r.i tn sterday lie bad ordered all forms of of the army of occupation in Germany lawlessness practiced by tho Moro now tinder negotiation with tho allies topped and that he had sent a con- in I'arls by Assistant Secretary Wads- . . . m. . . I - m - - sianuiariy torce to Pata to enforce the worth of the treasury. It is under . - - OrQGr. stood. hAmvAv tlilu Alaim rMi k , .w w , w. , iiwiui n in uwi uc Pay Dearly for Hast v Train in ir. I PrMMJ the event the Paris nego W ashington, i). c. Army statistic-1 ll8U0n raauit in an agreement ins see some significance in uost-war 'uner government claims are for figures, which show that with a total t!728MMJ for general damages mobilization of 22,850,000 soldiers for Krwl"B out of German submarine war- central powers, 22,000 000 casual- r'1" ' WMMJM by tho veterans' bur can for war risk premiums; $5,3SO,000 by tho railroad administration, and $40,073 for warrlsk premiums of ihe shipping board The $1 claim is presented by Pinery Roberta for loss of property while German prisoner of war. n-i ... iiicie are a lew otnor small claims of 1,50 and $2 for loss of parcel pos properly by shippers, but most of the el. cms run into hundreds of thousands and millions. Kverv class of Amerl an shipping, manufacturing and busi in is . oncern is found among the long list of c laimasta. M were inflicted on tho allies, while: mi 42,1S'.i.Oiio allied and associated men under arms, the central powers list. lined only 1 r,,.0."..0u0 casualties. he war department chart shows that per thousand mobilized, tho central powers forces Inflicted 906 casualties. wane the corresnomlinir flmiM for iheir opponents was MS, In this connection It Is pointed out that the Gorman and Austrian armies ere produced under a universal mili- tary training system, while the allied and associated forces, with th n. PtiOB of tho Freud) army, had no such background of training. I'hus the great mass of soldiers f the central powers," the official ommcut says, "had been finliio.l nnd . , ciureq l'"l'peu prior to the ouilireak of Ihe ar, while the soldiers of the allied and associated powers were to a great xtent hastily trained and equipped ifter the outbreak of war." New Tork. Waste in stalg bread costs the bakers and consumers of the country from $0,000,000 to $10,000,000 each year, according to the Food Ke seurch Institute, which has Just com pleted a study of the problem, says the New York Times. As a means of re ducing tliis loss, non-acceptance of re turn loaves, either through new laws, or action on the part of bakers, more efficient deliveries and better quality of output, are suggested by the institute. The principal source of loss is the re turn of bread to the bakers after It has become unsalable. The institute quotes the United States food adminis tration as estimating that in 1017 the loss from the return of stale bread amounted to "upward of 000,000 bar rels" of Hour a year. The loss varies greatly In different bakeries In the same city, and at vari ous times. Replies to questionnaires sent out by the institute indicated a very low average on the Pacific coast and a relatively high percentage In the northeastern states. The Food Research institute was es tablished at Stanford university In 1921, at tho suggestion of Herbert Hoover, by the Joint action of the uni versity nnd the Carnegie corporation, for the study of problems In the pro duction, distribution nnd consumption of food. It Is concentrating Its efforts for the present on problems related to wheat and wheat products, and it was as a part of tills work that It studied certain economic phases of the baking Industry. Losses From Stale Bread. "Losses from stale bread constitute an important item of cost for large numbers of wholesale bakers, and to some extent for retail bakers as well," says a summary of the survey. "Large stale bread losses tend to raise the price of bread to consumers and to threaten the linanclal position of the baker. Moreover, since stale bread is largely used for animal feed, or even for fuel, whenever considerable volume must be disposed of the loss occasions a needless waste of food. "Our study leads to the conclusion that, under proper conditions, stale bread losses exceeding 1 per cent of production are excessive, nnd that a figure of one-half of 1 per cent is an attainable standard. Losses above 1 per cent retlect objectionable trade practices, poor business management or both. Acceptance of returns of unsold bread from dealers is by nil odds the leading factor in such losses wherever the loss Is high. Where this practice prevails the loss is almost sure to be excessive. The abandonment of the common practice of taking back un sold bread from dealers Is essentinl to the solution of the stole-bread prob lem. This change of policy would re duce certain dangers of food contami nation as well us tend to cut clown waste. The success of a no-returns policy, however, requires careful atten tion to other measures calculated to Insure that bread reaches the con sumer fresh. Needed in Sale of Bread. The principal requirements are the following: Dread of a high-keeping quality must be baked, so that bread I clay or two old may be readily salable ns fresh. Keasonnble effort must be made to keep down the time between the baking of bread nnd its purchuse by consumers. Dealers' requirements must be gauged closely from day to day, with salesmen's orders at a basis but with adequate use of weather fore ousts and other Information concern ing coming events that affect bread sales. Production must be adjusted carefully to requirements, both in Discarded Fiances Fly to "Green Peas" Berkeley, Cal. And now comes the "Royal and Mystic Ordei of the Green Pea." The latest secret society has been formed on the University of California campus by discarded fiances. Its object, according to George Smith, its president. Is to fight the wiles of cruel co-eds who play up to men students only to cast them aside. The constitution of the order defines a "green pea" as "one who has had a hard fall, who has suffered at the hands of woman, a man who has been Jilt ed in love." The constitution provides also that the "greenest of the green peas" shall automatically become president. TRAPPED AND MARRIED own sales force In securing this ad justment. Experience In the trade shows clearly that ;hese measures are entirely practical. "If they can meet these require ments, Individual bakers can success fully enforce a no-returns policy, even when competing bakers take tack un sold bread. Competition, however, makes it difficult for concerns to adopt nnd enforce this policy single-handed. Local agreements among leading wholesalers not to exchange unsold bread often afford a practicable method of abolishing this objectionable practice. Such agreements are in the public interest, but they are not easily adopted, cannot always be enforced, and tend to break down. "Stnte laws prohibiting returns of unsold bread lave recently been adopted in six states. Their constitu tionality is sometimes culled in ques- Here is Mrs. Herbert M. Milan, who was Miss Claire Lasslat when she married In San Francisco following a romance that had Its inception when she was caught in an animal trap in the Sierras. She married the man who came to her aid. tion, but has not yet been tested. Al though not yet fully observed, they have clearly facilitated reduction in stale bread losses." Oyster Beds in Atlantic in Danger of Extinction Washington,,!.). C. Extinction of the oysters in Atlantic coast waters is threatened by continued pollution of the oyster beds through industrial wastes, Dr. Thurlow C. Nelson of the board of shell fisheries and state ex periment station, New Brunswick, N. J told delegates to the seventh an nual convention of the Central Atlan tic States Association of American Dairy, Food, and Drugs Officials. Sixty Days in Jail for Two Kisses. Des Moines, la. Sixty days In Jail for two kisses is the price paid by L. Sharfman, a photographer. Two girls testified that he had placed the un welcome caresses upon them. Alaskans Honor iarly Explorer Hospital to Be Built in Memory of Hudson Stuck, Cowboy, Reporter and Clergyman. Seattle, Wash. The Alaskan Indian and Eskimo friends of the late Hud son Stuck, cowboy, newspaper re porter and minister, and finally mis sionary, explorer and author, are planning a hospital to bis memory on a knoll overlooking the Yukon river, four miles Inside the Arctic circle. Archdeacon Stuck is the man who first made the ascent of Mount Mc Klnley; or, as he called It, Mount Denali, giving it the Indian name. The official records of the climb are among the archives of the American Geographical society, of which he was a member, and to which they were turned over, on his death, two year3 ago, by the Episcopal church, In whose missionary service he was en gaged the greater part of his life. Stuck, who was also a Fellow of the Royal Geographical society, has re lated the story of his perilous adven ture in "The Ascent of Denali," which was published in 1914. Distinguished Ancestor. The blood of Hendrik Hudson flowed through the veins of Hudson Stuck. It was probably from this dis tinguished ancestor that he Inherited the love of adventure, which carried amount and In time. Bakers must cul- j him nil the way from cowboy, post tlvnte the support 01 dealers end their 1 rider and newspaper man in Texas, to Uncle Sam to Make Fine Dairy Display Ex-Officer Surrenders. Boston William R. Allen, ex lieu- nant governor of Montana, surrend ered to the police here Monday night. Indictments churned him Willi l;irc.,nv f 1600.000. the property of the Bos on Montana Corporation and eonnnlr. to steal monies of the Boston- M 1000 Macedonians Slain. Vienna. A dispatch from Sofia de- 1000 Macedonians were killed and I00C taken prisoner during a battle Sunday between Bulgarian regulars nnd tVniitatcht bands. The battle took place on the rocky mountain, Irln I'lanlna. Premier Stamboullsky has ordered the urrest of the political lead ers of the Macedonian separatist move ment, including Thomas Koladoehe- noff, ex general procurator of Bui Two I. W. W. Sentenced. Sacramento. Cal. William Flanagan and Albert Strangland, members of Mic.ui.1 i.ewiopmcnt company, the the Industrial Wnrt f ...u Montana Southern Railway company were aentnoH s,,i,,hv ,...., , ' MM the Boston Montana Mining i one to 14 years in San On.tn nr. an mree suDsidhir es Thev wor.. vi,..,.i i.. ........ ..t .1. . i w u,"i K"" i orporation. charges of criminal syndicalism 6 - ,.: his life work for the Episcopal church in the frozen north. An arch deacon of the Yukon, Stuck, In 1917, established St. Stephen's hospital at Fort Yukon, and through that unpre tentious institution, was instrumental In saving the lives of hundreds of In dians and Eskimos, and not a few "bite men of a dozen nationalities, to whom the little log hospital was the finn 1,... .... m . . . .,u,cii ui saiety and succor with in a radius of a thousand miles of Arctic wilderness. During his career In Alaska, Stuck covered literally thousands of miles In his journeys by dog-sled and motor launch and not Infrequently afoot ministering to his charges, extending a helping hand to all In need, and noting by the way those details of life and adventure which, in "Ten Thousand Miles With a Dog-sled," "Voyages on the Yukon nnd Itm Trihn. tarles," and "A Winter Picnic r.... Arctic Coast." have been read by thou sands of lovers of the open road and the upward trail. Long before his fame ns an explorer nnd an author bad spread over the civilized world he had become known throughout the territory for his humanitarian work, nnd it Is chiefly ns the missionary and friend of the nativ- that he Is known In that region today. Stuck's Grave Indian Shrine. When he died two years ago and was burled, according to his wish, In the native graveyard not far from the hospital and church which he had es tablished, the natives erected a cross over the hillock, which Is today their shrine. Stuck Is to them a "dry wood" man. Among the 81 wash, the wise man In making camp selects, In stead of green or soggy timber, that which is dry nnd seasoned nnd will therefore burn kri and furnish both light and heat. So. in tl.o T,b..t, i u rv iiiiii 1 language of the Yukon the native prnying at the grave of Stuck say of him. thnt "His light burns bright and won't go out." Not content with the cross which marks his grave, the natives at t re cent meeting determined tn oni.,. and improve the hospital which he founded and make It n permnnont memorial to him. Th mos. Indians, trappers, traders and miners present at the meeting as well as representatives from the adja cent posts of the Presbyterian Rom in Catholic. Methodist and 'Baptist churches, in all about thirty or forty men, nnd within a few minutes $l Toi) was subscribed toward the fund of $25,000 necessary for the purpose Since then, according to Dr. Grafton Burke, the physician in charge nt Fort Yukon, contrihut'ons received In sums of from 25 cents to 10, anrl coming mcstly from the natives, have swelled the amount to $9,000 ' It a expected that the friends and admlr- ers or nu.ison Muck, those who hav Preparation of the largest and most extensive single exhibit feature ever undertaken by the I'nlted States Porttif ml of Agriculture Is now under way In the office of exhibits in Washington. It Is being constructed to portray the development of the dairy Industry of the country, and will be shown at the read and entoved his tank National Dairy show In Syracuse. N. Y.. in October. The exhibit will com- frn.er , .," ' an'' M, bine model of a dairy farm and a background painted so as to complete the iCal societies of the CeiteH J" gra,)n" Illusion of a vast farm. Charles A. Corwin Is shown above working ou the tm.l.n,i .m tea states and , "I'ctTiujr maKe up the balance of the fund. treat puluting.