Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The Boardman mirror. (Boardman, Or.) 1921-1925 | View Entire Issue (March 2, 1923)
11 Feb 2
BOARDMAN, OREGON. FRIDAY, MARCH 2, 1923
1 m wi V
Income Tax Measure !s Gut'
standing Legislation of the
Salem. The thirty-second assembl
Of the state legislature completed its
labors after a session which extend
ed six days over the 40-day constitu
tional period. By holding over a few
days the session closed without the
customary confusion and turmoi:
which marked the closing hours o:
some of the previous sessions.
During the session 643 bills were
introduced. Of this number 412 haci
their origin in the house, while 23 J
were offered in the senate.
Of the 412 bills introduced in tlu
house 245 received favorable consul
eration. The others were beaten or
the floor, indefinitely postponed o:
died in the hands of the various com
Of the 231 bills introduced in t'i
senate 138 were approved. The re
mairiing 93 were killed on third read
ing or smothered in the committees.
The outstanding legislation to tin
state at large was the passage of an
income tax, a new method of raising
revenue in Oregon.
Rate 1 to 6 Per Cent
The income tax law which was ap
proved by the legislature provides tor
a tax of from 1 to t! per cent. Thi
exemptions are: $1000 for single per
sons and $2000 for married persont
and a $400 exemption for each de
pendent. The tax on the first $1000
of net income is 1 per cent with an
increase of one-fourth of 1 per cent
on each additional $1000 up to 6 .per
cent, which is applied on un income
of $12,000 and over.
Corporations, resident or non-resident,
are entitled to an exemption of
$2000, and dividends of resident cor
porations, if not distributed, are sub
ject to the tax to be paid by the cor
poration, if dividends are distributed
the tax is collected from individuals.
In computing the net income deduc
tions may be made along the lines
provided for in the federal income tax,
excepting inheritance and local im
It is estimated that the income tax
will raise between $1,000,000 and $2,
000,000. Unless the law is killed by the refer
endum it will become effective next
year and apply on Incomes received
during 1023. In the event that the
referendum is invoked, the governor
is empowered to call a special elec
tion next November, so that it will
not be necessary to wait until the
next general election for the people to
decide the issue.
Next to the income tax, the big is
sue before the session was the mat
ter of consolidating state offices. Ow
ing to divergent views between the
house and senate consolidation failed.
Most of the tax bills proposed by
the tax investigating committee fad
ed to pass. The legislature did, how
ever, pass the finance commission bill
which gives the state supervision over
the issue of bonds by the various tax
units uf the state and the tax conserva
the commission act, which extends
throughout the stale the general pro
visions of the tax supervision commis
sion which has operated in Multnomah
county for the past two years.
Highway legislation, which in past
sessions was one of the big issues, play
ed a minor role in the session just
closed. While there were a number
of measures introduced affecting the
road program very few of them were
translated into laws.
Gasoline Tax Increased.
The tax on gasoline was increased
from 2 to 3 cents per gallon but all
attempts to revise the motor vehicle
fees were defeated.
One of the bills which was passed
where the structure does not cost
more than $35,000.
Attempts definitely to locate the
Roosevelt highway were defeated.
A bill was passed which extends
indefinitely the time in which the
state highway commission can match
any government appropriations for
the Roosevelt highway.
Efforts to have a salaried highway
commissioner were defeated, notwith
standing the recommendations of the
The ambition of the American Le
gion of Oregon was realized when Gov
ernor Pierce attached his signature to
the anti-alien land bill.
To the irrigation and drainage se
curities coiiimisbion, which for sev
eral years Mai been composed cf the
state engineer, the attorney general
ind the state superintendent or banks,
the legislature idded the governor and
the state treasurer.
Mcineur Controversy f if ttt?d
The Malheur lake controversy was
probably settled by the Ellis bill, al
lowing squatters on the lake bed lands,
the gratis acqtilsltii n of 160 acres ead'
and riparian owners the right to f.l
out their fractional "forties" from the
land along the meander lines.
Two bills of interest to the farmers
wi re passed. One defining the stand
ards of ice cream and a bill to pro
hibit the use of milk or milk products
in milk or butter substitutes contain
ing vegetable oils.
The fish commission, by the imposi
tion of a 1-cent p.juudage tax on fish
caught and used by canuers, and the
establishment of a sinking fund out
of part of the proceeds from this fund,
has taken the step toward making that
Ui.der the provisions of (ho narcotic
law approved by the governor, the
I' allies for the use, possession or
sale of narcotics are greatly increased.
A state prohibition enforcement or
gan, zation headed by the governor was
created and a division of fines imposed
In the counties authorized to main
tain the state organization.
Confiscation of automobiles used in
illicit liquor transportation was pro
vided for and additional restriction!
placed on the use of stills and mash
Sterilization Law Enacted.
Considered among important ee-ict-
! ments is the sterilization bill, Intend
: ed to curb the propagation of t( bit
minded and criminally inclined I er-
: Another Important bill requires a lit
; eraey test for voters.
The old wild animal bounty sys
tem was repealed and in Its place
was enacted the so-called hunter sys
tem whereLy counties have the option
of using government hunterB to chase
down predatory animals. They are
iaid jointly by the counties and the
Measures flavored with religious pre
judice received scant cons
The only bill of a religious
op Stub legislature
fifty fblks, Aren't you all vastly
proud of our state legislature, an''
all their recent accomplishments?
We'll admit that the governor triecL
really made an effort to live up te,
his campaign promisee but when
each senator has an axe of his own
to grind, the poor lone governor can
do little. We especially admired the
bill (Mat was proposed by one of our
brilliant solons requiring cows and
horses that were on the highways
at night to wear head and tail lights.
Wasn't that bill the result of a par
ticularly severe brain s'orm on the
part of some Socrates? There were
others too, equally as annoying.
We liked the wrangle over the
fishery question; it gave the sen
ators and representatives a good op
iportunity to have something to talk
about so they could put in their
time and also so they could leave
all th really vital questions till the
last days of the session. A Journal
editorial put it rather aptly when
'comparing prices of beef at 16c a
pound and salmon advertised at 40c
by saying that probably the rea-or.
for the differ nee in price was be
cause the state propagates thi
sail. ion and the set) feeds them, hen.'
their high price.
A man may be elected to the
legislature and journey to Salem
with real ideals and plans and hop-:
but he soon recovers and become
one of the crowd.
The proposition for the slate to
aid Astoria by building a part of thi
state highway through the town re-
eoiirort cf. nineh BltvrrBa rmniitr.n
that the bill didn't pats hut It gor
to show the brillinnco of thw 'ml
of some of our legislators. But wh
rave, our United States senate 1
doing far more. So be it!
?U ra$ NOTES
r . J Ilia I? V J '- ' J
rrinc'pa! Cvcnts of t.:e V t
Cnefly S!:etched for Ir.'or
n a!ion cf Gtl? Leaders.
des that fines for violat
raffic laws, when made
traffic officers, shall go i
treasury and be credited
Formerly the engineering office of
the highway department has designed
and looked after the ccn-truction of
important county bridges. Senator
Ed !y secured the enactment of a law
which enables county courts to do
their own bridje work or have it done.
n to the measure.
to eliminate Columbus day
from the' list of legal holidays and to
repeal the law providing for both Pro
testant and Catholic chaplains at the
No attempt was made to advance
the effective date of the compulsory
school bill that was passed by the
people in November.
Bills attempting to place a tax on
church property and on hospita.s also
A bill providing for free text books,
another proposiug that all elector! in
school districts be allowed to vote on
questions affecting school finances,
and another calling for dental inspec
tion in public schools all tailed.
The $4o,000 appropriation for the
Pacific Northwest Tojr.st association
Initiative Changes Fail.
Several attempts were made to
amend trie initiative, referendum and
recall acts to curb the activity of peti
tion circulators, but these failed.
A house joint resolution proposing to
submit to the people the question of
amending the state constitution to pro
vide for a lieutenant governor was in
The Bennett Ij.H. which wouid have
done away with the listing of agricul
tural and horticultural lands by coun
ty assessors was vetoed by the guver-
Had Him Won Over
The southern Caiifm unit) inaj think
himself an adept making seductive pic
titles of his end nt the "lute, but In
can stilt learn from the Honolutan
out in tin' north I' nil, li. un then
they say a drauimei from S:m Fran
cIsco sojourned n month, end whet,
they took lilin In the liouicu a rd-lioiiiiii
steamer and put "lels" nroUltd Ills neck
nnil sana "Aloha (l' ti- blin a few
times, be cried like ii bniiy end said he
had forgotten ins wife' first name.
Mr. Peewee A fortune teller iwcf
told Mic I was born in coinmnnd
Ills Wife Don I you dn re to spend
Mother dollar on such immense Veil
were born for pip in rn'inininil
"Have you gotten so that you can
distinguish classical music?" asken
Mrs. New rich.
"I think so." replied her husband.
"When a piece threatens every minute
to be a tmi and always disappoints
you. it's ilassleal" Boston Evening
a severance tax, but was given the au
thority asked by him as an alternative
to call a Conference of the
of Washington, California
A Cnnid'nn war ven,"ars' o'uh was
organised at Bead with 19 members.
A round up of bootleggers staged at
Vbany resulted In toUf arrests and I
fines totaling $820 with two SO-day
j ill sememes.
The Lane county grand jury has
recontmended construction of a new
county jail or enlargement and altera
tion of the present one.
Will Moore of Portland was appint
ed state insurance commissioner to
succeed A. C. Barber. Mr. Moore as
sumed his new duties March 1.
The Douglas county corn and potato
show was held in Bosehurg last week,
exhibits of potatoes and corn from all
parts of the county were on display.
H. J. Roesa, a government trapper
in the Powell Batte section of Crook
county since last fall, reports that he
has caught 123 coyotes and 19 bob
cats. The second biggest Mystic Shrine
activity in the history of Oregon is
to be staged in Salem May 5. Between
4000 and 5000 Shriners will be in at
tendance. .lack PultOH, brother of Fred Fulton,
heavyweight boxer, has escaped from
the Lane county jail where he was
serving a six months' sentence for
According to the supervisor of the
SSfalMM .....I......1 ,. ...... t'JI
(lC i xuiLiiaii i.atMiiiai luiint irocivc, .poi,-
jj. '(i Uis.4;jn allotad for the next year
for construction and upkeep of rosds
in tile reserve.
The old Vale flour mill has been
taken over by experienced milling men
and will be put Into shape to start
grinding wheat as soon as this yar's
crcp is harvested.
Twenty-one hundred registered vot
ers in Linn comity have la. led to cast
ballots during the last two year:., a
check of the three state elections held
during that time shows.
The market road fund in Douglas
county will be use i to match the spe
c;al road tax voted by the various dis
tricts, according to a policy Inaagiu
ated by the county court.
The biggest moonshtnlng plant ever
taken in central Oregon was uuoarti:
ed when Sheriff Roberts of Deschutes
county seized a fiOO-gallon still in a
cave five miles south of Bond.
During January Astoria moved up
from 43d to 40th place among ail the
cities of the United Slates in tie
amount of postal deposits, the gain be
ins the third largest In the country.
Collection of 1923 taxes In Mult
nomah county has begun so satis
factorily that a force of 12 night work
ers has been placed on duty In the
lax division Of Sheriff liuriburt's of
fice. 'the third unit of the Shevlln-Ilixon
company's plant at Bend started ml-
ernors 'ing Man h 1. The new unit SOntsiai
nd Idaiio a baud saw and gang, the flrsi to t
ilatlon of used in pins mlllii g east of the ('as-
Which held up logging operations and
resulted in a slowing up in lumber
production are being felt by steamship
operators, and several carriers will
leave the Columbia river with smaller
cargoes than were anticipated.
Plans have been completed for the
holding of a series of tour big district
conferences of the American Legion
posts iii the department of Oregon dur
ing the month of March, according to
announcement by ilarry Nelson, state
adjutant. These gatherings will bo
held in The Dalles, March 3; La
Grands, March in; Eugene, March 17,
and Meiiford, Maich 24. A fifth con
ference for Portland is to be arranged,
the dale fur this having not yet ueen
II. r' en West. JS-year-nH Portland
Truth, who was committed to the
stale training school for bi ys at Salem
three months ago after he nad con
fessed to participating in a series of
robberies, made his second escape
from the Institution last week.
Roley Swytcr, who was arrested In
a raid on his farm home mar Albany
When 150 gallons of wine were seized,
was sentenced to serve six months in
the Linn county jail and fined $.'.00
when he pleaded guilty to having tn
toxicatlng liquor in his possession.
Street improvements comprising
grading; surfacing with crushed rock.
and installation of curls, wen
mended by the streets sommltti
Lend city council, the entire 1
uient Involving a
turn ot $125,000 ti
The state highi
will require in cle:
till all the trucks,
ks and shovels it
ning the sire is and
work ia tin- burn-
His plan lor the
Astoria Gets Rsllef.
In the closing hours the Mott bill
granting relief to Astoria through tin;
remission of state taxes for a perioil
of seven years was passed.
The legislature d.leaicd the bill tn
compel women to Serve on juries and
also killed the measure to require ..
phys'cal examination of women bi fore
Prom a financial viewpoint, the lea
islature is $291,519 more economical,
so far as direct apprcpriatious voted
are concerned, than was the session oi
That session voted appropriations n
tbe amount of $6, 259, 537. The session
just ended voted money bills t la. ...
Among the mi
general interest i
which will bring ;
Into Portland hat
as a floating won
and bills reopenii
took the soldien
prove that they d
tion Within iO di
To protect the immense bodies of
pins timber in the arid Fox Butte
region of the Deschutes national for
es', a three-tun f.re truck will be
piaced at the Camin lake rangei sta
tion next summer.
The Daughters of the American Rev
olution Friday dedicated a huge rock
marking the site of the pioneer trail
by which the first settlers entered
.ialem. The boulder is located in Wil
son park on State street.
Fifty L'matilia county sportsmen
used 10,000 shotgun shells to kill IM6
abbits and ths n cord kill was mads
'jy one team of 20 men that siot 670
-abbits in 15 mlnul S in the big annual
Pendleton rabbit shoot held last week.
Nearly twice the normal pioportion
of pupils fu led in tb .r scholastic work
n Bend last term, due to overcrowd
ing incident to the rapid growth of
ed district free of (barge, the only
expense to the city bo ng the oOSt of
Contract for the erection of the Port
land unit of the Shriners' hospital for
crippled children was awarded to Steb
lnger Bios., general com rectors ol
Poitland. for approximately $17,i,d00
Sub-COatraotS also were awarded. The
total cost oi the hospital will be al
Deny (rowers from all par's of
Coos county organized at a meeting
held in Uyrtls Point, at which about
15 were present. They effected tb
organization fur tin- purpose of socur
ing belter marketing facilities and gen
erally improving conditions. Much
larger areas of berries am to be put
OCt this year.
n j Overturfi member of the lower
bouse of the slate legislature from tiie
glkt district ant! a former member o.
slate bonis appraisers, appeared hi
the United Slates marshal s office in
Portland and accepted service on a
warrant ciiarg ng him with use of the
mails to promote u fraud against tin
Oregon bonus law. Mr. Ovsrtttif Im
mediately gave bond In the sum of
'I lie Lane county court is planning
to sell a block of $4n0,o0ti f its high
way bonds at once. This will tako
care of all bond projects planned for
this year. '1 l.e projects to be worki d
this year are three sections of the
6Jd territorial road, a section of the
high pass road to Lake creek valley,
. i i.o nada-Ada road, tin' surfacing of
the North Ford road und the t'oburg
Linn county line r aid
The Pacific States Lumber company,
known better as the Coos Bay lumbei
company, will complete ext. uslve en
largements and IniprovstW nts of its
gnat plant at Marsbfleld about June 1
and will then operate on a nooui tion
basis of approximately f0O,0M feet in
eUht hours, according to announo
men! by WllliSm Di nuiaii of San Fran
cisco, chairman of tin- board of illr.c
tors and executive committee of the
i he ITmpqua valley broccoli crop
will be the best fro.n the standpoint
of quality and quantity that has ever
been produced there, unless futttfi
weather results in damage. With tbe
TYPI; CONTESTS TO BR
HELD MARCH ;?o-;5t
Rules for the contests in typing
to be held during the Oregon agri
cultural college business show,
March 30 and SI, have been sent 10
all Inch schools in Cue state. Entries
must ba In b March 15, with choice
of machines indicated and other spe
Icia) preferences, Umatilla high
I school has been asked to send stu-
! di nis io compete,
There will be two divisions In the
'contest one for those who have
! not had more than one year of ex-
perienoe, and one for those who have
,ioii taken typing previous io August
l. 1622. The contest will last 15
I minutes, and papers will he ch. eked
I according to rules of International
t ping contests.
Practicing finger gymnastics away
from the typewriter Is one of the
besl ways for high school students
to prepare for the typing contest,
believes Miss Bertha WhlHock, in
StrUCtor In office training at the col
I go. Finger exercises at the key
board art next in importance.
"Practice under "stress of time
limit will overcome the usual nerv
ousness incident to taking a speed
beat," :as Miss Whiiiock. "Confi
dence may be gained by taking prae
i ice tests of longer duration than the
usual HI or 15 minutes."
Th" international rules for check-
Og en or;: should bo studied, warns
Miss Whillock. All errors made
hould be carefully analyzed and
eradicated iy careful practice. The
habtl of writing for endurance as
well as speed and accuracy should
also be formed
Mrs M. J. Deweoso and children
peul Wednesday at the Mefford
Crow Haunts Riilwsyn.
The London Morning Post nis thai
sn engine drIVef Who I a keen natural
ist uteris that the crow frequents rail
ways more than any other bird, lie
haunts embank ments ami cuttings, but
Is particularly partial to the "four
foot'' because of the grease gnd oil
that are always to be found on tbe
line An express train will frequently
run Rgalns) and kill various other
kinds u bird but It rarely lilts h crow.
i, said City Super
More than 10 per
At the present time there is 11,000
ere feet of water in the Ochoco dam.
ITith several feet of snow in the mouti
iins east and west of Prineville, there
III be plenty of water for irrigation.
Ota) capacity of the Ochoco dam Is
.und the &ii.
1 ' - of imtiativo petitions.
i ( pi s'"jwot',nn 1 -
largest acreage In
Industry In tbe vali
been very favorubl
an ! all indications
ly fine crop. Hei
early varieties are
in already, but til
will tiot be harve
An Investigation to determine why
the Staid bonus commission has re
fused to grant loans up to 76 per cent
Of the value of the property offered
for stcur.ty will be made by I'mpqua
post of the Americau Legion, it has
tiie history of the
y. the weath' r lias
for a good gr wth
point to au BBUSfl '
ds of some of the
beginning to come
bulk of the crop
'ted until the m xt
"Vou say this mini means nothing to
"Nothing whatever." replied the fair
"ir it pleas., your honor." Interrupted
her lauver, "lie lias a eertnln financial
value to her and we propose to show
that it is approximately 100,000." -Btr-htinghttn
a gc Herald,
No More of That.
provincial (Hitei- fun ir curtain on
act ) What's the next set ShnUtl
Ills Wife (emsiill Ing profi'iim)
Says 'ere. "Act III. same as Act V
Provincial What, Sll over iigailil
Not me. Let's 'op It. Puck.
been reported that several ex-tervtcs
men In Douglas county have endeavor
ed to got loans and have offered prop
erty of considerable value as security,
the security in every case being suf
ficient to gain a much la.', ' r lo.ui
than was allowed by the bonus com
mission. Central Oregon sheepmen are op'l
MattCi for unless iiuusuul conditions
ihould develop the wiin.fr season will
have been almost Ideal. This winter
feed has been plentiful. In fact, many
anchcrs will carry over lurgc quanti
ties of bay for use next season. Win
ter range has bci a available part of
the time and With plentiful supplbs of
hay in reserve stuck is coming through
the winter In SSCSllenl ahane. This In
turn should mean mors and am., r
grade of wool, which niay be expicud
to have Its effect on the prlct s of Mm
As a direct result of Its n n nt vic
tory In the extra Income tux contro
versy the U nion Kisln i nn n s Co-op. r
stive Packing company of Astoria w. I
distribute approximately TI,000 among
Its 300 stockholders. Home yean, a u
the company created what was known
a the shareholders' redeeming fund,
and It !&OttBta to about $300,000. For
the yiats 1917 and 1918 the depart
ment demanded an extra Income ta
on this fund on the ground that the
nann y was "borrowtd capital," I) long
ing to tin stoekhold rs and not to ihs
company WM packing cowpuu cot
tested this and wou.