The Boardman mirror. (Boardman, Or.) 1921-1925, February 10, 1922, Image 1

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The suit brought a number of years
ago by the government to recover un
sold lands from the Oregon & Cali
fornia railroad, Southern Pacific and
others has been set for hearing M:iy
1, according to announcement by
Judge Wolverton in federal court at
Following action taken by the Ore
gon Humane society, Dr. Andrews,
Marion county agent for the society,
left for Gates and other rural com
munities where he will make an in
vestigation of reports that many
horses and cattle are suffering from
lack of feed.
The recent cold weather has caused
but little damage to loganberry vines
in the Willamette valley, according to
the reports of experts who have in
vestigated the berry-growing districts
of the section. Broccoli has suffered
in some extent, as has late-sown grain
in the lowlands.
Only two of the 32 principal cities
of the country led Portland in the de
creases of the cost of living in the
period from June, 1920, to December,
1921, according to a report made pub
lic by the department of labor. Liv
ing costs in Portland decreased 21
per cent in the year and a half.
Appropriations totaling $1500 for the
inauguaration of a ferry across the
Willamette river at Oregon City have
been made by the city and county.
The ferry is to provide means for
transfer of autos across the river dur
ing the period that the Oregon City
West Linn bridge is being rebuilt.
Bend sportsmen are favoring the
establishment of a game refuge in a
triangular 6400-acre tract to the north
and west of Bend. Protection of Cal
ifornia quail and the introduction of
Chinese pheasants and other game
birds would be made possible by crea
tion of such a game sanctuary it is
About 100 leading farmers of Uma
tilla county gathered at Pendleton
under the auspices of the farm bureau
and set the going farm wage at $40
a month and board, cooks from $25 '
to $35 and tractor men at a maximum
of $80 a month, all for spring work.
This is a cut of abeut 20 per cent from
lMt seaaon.
Hereafter any application for a com
mission as special agent in Oregon,
whether received from a county offi
cial or some other person, must be
accompanied by the recommendations
of the district attorney, Bheriff, county
court or county judge, before it will
be given consideration by the ex
ecutive office, according to announce
ment made by Governor Oleott.
A preliminary application for per
mission to cross forest boundary lands
with a high transmission power line
was filed with Forest Supervisor
Hamsdell of the Umpqua forest by J.
C. Thompson, assistant treasurer of
the California-Oregon Power company.
The company is constructing a nil h
power line between Prospect and l-'u-gene,
and to do this will be required
to traverse a large amount of gov
ernment land.
H. H. Corey, member of the Ora
gon public service commission, has
received a letter to the effect that he
has been appointed on the committee
of railroad service, accommodations
and claims by the National Associa
tion of Railway and Utility Commis
sioners. Fred A. Williams, chairman
of the Oregon public service commis
sion, is a member of the executive
committee of the national association.
Despite the fact that the Oregon
public service commission recently de
nied an application of the Salem
street-car company for an increase In
rates, it may be necessary for the
city council to grant the traction cor
poration some relief In the near future.
Mayor Halverson has appointed a
special committee of the council to
investigate the situation. The street
car company contends that it has
lost approximately $20,000 during the
last four years.
Establishment of a woodenware
plant within the walls of the Oregon
state penitentiary as the first step in
an effort to put the institution on a
elf-sustaining basis was announced
by Li. H. Compton, warden of the
prison. The first unit of the industrial
development of the penitentiary will
represent an expenditure of approxi
mately $7000. This will leave $23,000
of an appropriation of $30,000 author
ized at the 1921 session of the legis
lature for additions to the plant and
other kindred industries.
There will be no legal hangings in
Oregon until the state supreme court
and possibly the United States su
preme court have had an opportunity
to pass on the constitutionality of the
laws relating to murder in the first
degree. This was made plain when
Governor Oleott extended the re
prieves previously granted to 131vie
Kirby, alias James Owens; John
Rathie and Dan Casey until Friday,
July 7. Extension of the reprieves was
made necessary, it was said, because
of the Inability of the supreme court
to hand down an opinion in the ha
beas corpus proceedings instituted by
Kirby before the date set for the ex
ecutions, and the probability that me
case will be carried to the United
States supreme t'ourt for final deter
mination. The First Bank of Bay City has been
closed by order .of Frank Bramwell,
state superintendent of banks. In
ability to realize on loans was given
as the reason for closing the institu
tion. Uakeview people are developing a
quicksilver mine 25 miles south of
Lak e view, near Willow ranch, and
they report excellent prospects with
almost an inexhaustible supply of ore
bearing rock.
Clyde D. Moyer has been appointed
postmaster at Crow, Lane county;
Esther E. Forth at McKay, Lane coun
ty; Norman G. Morris at Mapleton,
Lane county, and Jens P. Jacobsen at
Alvadore, Lane county.
A campaign to "buy a tree" for the
Jackson county fair community
grounds is on in all parts of Jackson
county. There is to be a systematic
planting of trees under supervision of
a committee of tree experts.
Twelve of the ninety-one teachers in
the Eugene public schools are ill from
: iluenza and 125 of the 775 student?
of the high school are out of classes
from the same cause, according to K.
E. Carleton, city superintendent.
Wool buyers at Lakeview are offer
ing 26 cents for the 1922 clip, but few
sales are being made. An advance of
50 cents a head is offered at 6 and
7 per cent. Buyers are offering $6
in contract for lambs for fall delivery.
Portland's population increased by
14,234 from October 1, 1920, to Octo
ber 1, 1921. figuring the increase in
school pupils of the same period mul
tiplied by 0, as shown in a survey
just completed and published by the
City club.
Receipts of the state from taxes on
gasoline and distillate for 1921 ag
gregated $1,004,019.67. as against $463,
354.25 for 1920, according to a report
prepared by Sam A Kozer, secretary
of state. Receipts for 1919 totaled
Nathan Halsey, a prominent pioneer
farmer who lived about six miles east
of Joseph, was killed instantly last
Wednesday morning when he slipped
off a load of poles onto his wagon
tongue. One of his horses kicked
him ai d r --' i his head ami ehp
The paper is late this week X
because on Wednesday there
was no power to run the ma
chinery, and on Thursday the
Hood waters from Stage Gulch
which descended upon Stan
field came into the office of
publication and short-circuited
the wiring on the type setting
machine. We were unable to
start work until Friday after
noon. W. H. Crary of the
Echo News very kindly came
to OUT rescue and helped us
Saturday afternoon. We
should have been out of com.
mission only until Thursday x
noon but could not set the
Intertpye running until Frl- A
day afternoon.
The Farm Bureau Executive Com
mittee met in session with the Coun
ty Labor Committee and passed upon
the spring wage scale at the regular
Executive session which was held on
February 4th. Before taking action
inquiry was made from the other
wheat growing counties and the
wages was also discussed with the
different Employment offices, and
the Labor Committeemen discussed
wages with the farmers in their com
munity, and the wage scale establish
ed is one that seems to suit condi-
t ions in Eastern Oregon for the com
ing season.
General Farm Hands will receive
a month and board.
Yracior men will receive $60 to
SO, depending unon. the size of
factor and experience of the man.
Cook from $25 to $35.
All of us admit that the first years
of a child's life, make the foundation
of all that is to come. This is true
n the home. This is true in the
school. Mrs. Wat kins is our prim
ary teacher, and to say she is a good
teacher isn't the correct way to
speak of her. Have you visited hei
department, Our mothers told us
that the highest place we attain in
life is the home. Mrs. Watkins is
training her pupils, our children tc
I sue a gcod homerdakers, and noun
tiers, and the beautiful part of i
i, that their school life is a ganu
hey play. Going to criticize that:
should say not. Remember thosi
lays of mental toil and hardshii
:i h v. e experienced? Remembei
iow we disliked our teachers? Re
nember how we threw those spit
alia at the master's back, and
omotimos suddenly realized we hac
dl him In the eye? Remembei
..hat happened next? I do. Remem
ber how cluttered the floor alwa
ppeared? And how much our desks
re trimmed with all sorts of fane;,
a rv i ngs ? Well Mrs. Watkins never
las to say, "don't do this," or "don't
lo that." They have too much to do;
hey have too many stars to win;
hey have too iiany items on their
iieallh cards to fill out, to take time
or all those foreign tilings we used
o introduce to our teachers. And
tay, those children love her. They
10 not cringe with fear and trembl
ing when she speaks to them. They
kn6W when she speaks there is some
hing of interest coming, and each
nfl is eager, eacli one is anxious to
lo his or her part in this homemak
ng, homekeeping game. Mrs. Wat
kins is a"jewel of rarest worth,"
md we must keep her. She loves the
work, and we all love her. We must
lave her services as long as it can
be had.
It is your individual, (collective
would be better) duty to see that
your Washington representatives
give (heir support to Henry Ford's
securing Muscle Shoals. He would
develop power and fertilizer within
the reach of the common people.
It is needless to say that the
power and fertilizer interests are
fighting the move. It is the first
step of Ford's to develop national
electrical energy. For your infor
mation, all data of the Umatilla Rap
ids Power dam has been forwarded
to Ford and his engineers. This
gives you an insight as to what suc
cess or failure means at Muscle
Shoals. Can you picture what Ford's
magic touch at Umatilla means to
the development of your own im
mediate vicinity?
It is going to take the genius of
a Ford to put a practicable freight
boat on the river. It will not come
from you or I. It is only a step
from a power dam to this boat. One
calls for the other.
There is a portion of the press
that belittles Ford in all he does.
Seventeen years ago his butcher
would not trust him with a Thanks
giving chicken. Last year he paid
the government seventy-six million in
taxes. Watch those Muscle Shoals
for at the same time you are watch
ing the Umatilla Rapids.
To prove they could make the trip
by car from Wallula to Umatilla.
Walt Waddell and T. P. Mills start
u from Wallula in a Ford bug ant
iade the trip in 7 hours. For th.
ilrit 10 miles the road was easily
negotiated but from Juniper to M
mile west of Sand Spur they took t
the ice then back to the road again.
The return trip was made via
Pendleton and Walla Walla, ami
while the roads were better it tool,
half an hour longer and burnt up it
lot more gas.
The boys say that with only ai
ordinary road between Wallula and
Umatilla the trip can be made in a
little over an hour.
Mr. and .Mrs. A. T. Hereim have
Ik en staving on the Larsen ranch
while Mr. Lawn was away.
Owing to a cloud burst in Juniper
canyon Wednesday part of the schoo
hildrcn had to walk io echo
Thursday. A commercial travelei
iGoompaaied by his wife and ehil
.vere on their way from Heppner I
Boardiiian when they became sialic
n the mud in Juniper canyon. Tie
nan walked nine miles to w. O
Gng's and phoned lo Boardman foi
the truck to come and pull them out
Nate Macomber, with his wife am.
lyble Grace, drove out after them
''tilled the car out alright, but a
cloudburst came and in a few Bt ba
ttel the bus was in four feet of
water, filling the carburetor with
Water. Mr. Macomber walked back
to King's and phoned to Morgan,
who took the Ford anil brought
hem all into Hoard man at 2:30 A.
M. The bus and the other car are
itill in Juniper canyon at this writ
tag With the help of the neigh
bor! and O. H.Warner most of the
pupils were brought lo school.
Thanks are due lo W. O. King
md wife for their kindness in send
ing milk and sandwiches out to the
trended strangers .who had not had
anything to eat after they left Hepp
Cirls. did you read the article In
-lundav's Journal, about our mod
ern girl? If you didn't you certain
iy Fhould, as Rachel Crowthers Is,
tttQf decidedly, your champion. Yes
she has downed all the arguments
about the superiority of the old
fashioned girl. I think our editor
ought to give us a reprint of that
article, don't you, girls?
That we do move, consider tin
ollowing. In a recent talk wn
:udge Mariner, lie told of, a "woo
n railroad" which was Constructed
letween Wallula and A'a'.la Walla in
i872. It was built to haul wheat
othe river for boat tra ispo tation to
Portland, The wheat hud to be
portaged around Celilo and again at
he Cascades.
The rails were made of -Ixt's.
Vfter a period of use the clear grain
iart of the rail would wear down,
leaving the knots standing clear and
prominent. Your personal cotuiurt
'ii ; journey was based on the spac-
ng of the knots. Bunched knots
were termed liver shaUern, patahl
knots, (right and left rail) were in
lexed as spleen hurdlers, altemat-
ng knots gave the mo.jt comfort, as
. ou obtained a side mo o i likinei.
into a vessel in a rough sea.
Later these rails were provided
with strap iron. Occasionally tin
jnd would get loose, coming up thru
he floor, separating you from your
lunch or your head. It was these
knots which gave "Jerry" hhl term
of "high and low."
Yes, we do move, and then ajTal t,
do we? In these day a I
steam boats plied between vVa. ..
and Celilo. Today not a boat on the
river. The river still flows and at
Celilo and Cascade the government
has provided locks that boats may
go thru To Portland without break
ing bulk.
What's the trouble? It's you and
I. We spend seven million dollars to
lock the rapids at Celilo and Cascade,
then we retire to our rockers, fold
our hands and proceed to await
events. Do you know any other bus
iness that works under such man
agement? You are content to howl
at the railroad because they charge
you $5 a ton to haul your hay to
Portland, while a boat would do it
1 for $2. You are content to pay 10
! cents a bushel to .transport your
' wheat while a boat can do it for 3
j cents. Are we forever to fold our
I hands? There's a way.
From The Herald, Hermiston, Ore
gon, August 4, 1917).
The following treatise on sand
jtch lor orchards is from the pen
,r Adolph Skoubo. Treating, as it
ioes, on the many uses the vetch
an be put to by the fruit raiser, it
,oes without saying that the article
ill prove of inestimable value to
anehers as a whole:
"During the last few years we
iave grown sand vetch In the orch
ards around here, and are so well
atiafied with the results, that I
Link it may interest others to learn
about the experiments we have
made and the experiences we have
"band vetch is a nitrate-gathering
ant, tile same as the clovers and
lalla, and is mainly used for green
anure, and from what we have seen
re it is very much to be preferred
i other plants lor upbuilding poor
'ill. It may grow less foliage than
Haifa and does not send the roots
own so far, but it is so much easier
i gel slarted and get worked into
,ii' Mill, I hat it usually Is preferred
y those that know it, furthermore
does not become a serious pest in
lie orchards and gardens as does
weet clover and alfalfa, as it is
asily destroyed or at least kept in
heck so It will not Interfere with
other crops.
"The first year it is planted It us
ally does not do well, probably on
count of the lack of bacteria In the
roundi but after it has reseeded it
elf for a year or two, it gorws an
abundance of 4 to 10 foot long
tern! full of leaves and flowers,
often forming a I to 6 inch solid
lat of Juicy, green vegetable mat
ter, The first year or two we used
lo let it all go to seed and then disc
it in the orchard in August when the
straw got dry and brittle, later we
tried to plow It down the last of
April or first of May, and by doing
so we have succeeded In getting one
Crop of rich green manure and still
preserved enough plants and seed to
make a thin stand during the sum
mer. In August we disc it again,
and in the spring it is ready for
making a new crop of green manure
"As staled before we have used it
mainly as fertilizer for the trees and
with very good results, but we have
also tried it for corn, potatoes and
Other vegetables, and from the looks
of the plants it would take about 20
loads of barnyard manure to get the
same results.
"There is a number of ways of us
ing it for green manure for garden
crops. I think the best way is lo
seed the velch in the late summer
or early fall after the early, crop is
removed. II can also be seeded in
the corn before the last cultivation,
and the corn will then protect It
from the wind and hot sun. An
other way is to leave narrow strips
every 10 to 15 feet when plowing
it down in the spring, those strips
iln n will furnish plenty need for next
year. It can also be reseeded by
plowing it In in the spring after it
has got so long that the plow will
not cover it all; in this case a num
ber of plants will keep on growing
and the ungermlnated seed left
oVer from last fall will start growing
too. In this way It can be used for
potatoes and similar crops that re
qulre no or little cultivation in the
later part of the summer and that
ran stand having the vetch growing
amongst I hem. As a rule a few
plants of vetch does not. hurt the
crop, but if too thick it will choke
the crop or the weight of the vines
bend it to the ground. It will also
interfere with the cultivation.
"I have seen a fine stand of wa
termelons and sweet corn planted in
strips plowed down In the spring.
The vetch protected the melons in
the spring and early summer and
ceased growing when the melons
started setting fruit. When the
melons and corn are harvested the
land can be disced and produce a
new green manure crop in the com
ing spring.
"When worked properly the vetch
will produce two crops of fertilizer
a year, when grown In the orchard
and no other crop is wanted. After
we eei a heavy stand we can disc or
plow It in the spring and disc It
again in August. I believe that
after ere learn more about the ways
and balills of the plants that we can
Continued on last page)
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