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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View This Issue
BOO);.-; f ,
' ' D.i
RE DAILY ASTORIAN It th
bluest and test piper
on tht Columbia River
r l ASTORIAN has the largest
circulation of anv taer
on the Columbia River
FULL, ASSOCIATKI PHESS REPORT.
ASTORIA, OltEOON, WEDXKHDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 8, 18J7.
Air-Tight Coal Burners
NoM.miI, No dm
C. J. TKICNC'llAltD, Aaalfnca.
Ul.'lt HTOIIK IB FULL OF
cuocKr.nr, lauiu and oi-asb.
WAHK. 81'ITAHLK FOn PRESENTS.
Ross, Higgins & ; Co.
AM) SALT Ml'.ATS
W. F. SCHEIBE,
A lull line ol PIms. Tabscco,
end 5mok.rs' Ailltlca.
47-4 Conimorclnl Mt
m i.nicriainmcnt nan
Li!''S-ti .a?'a ''a".! I a -rllijj Three Klonrs-Flne Mnalr; (liiimw of All Kinds; Two
mlmOlMlU-'rf-41 Miiglilllcent ilura; Hverytlilng First -iMass; UimkI
- " iai aala, assli ".SSSj't!.'! ss" Order mid Kvtuylioily's ltlxliU Hlrlctly Dbai-rvi'il.
J. A. PASTABEND
house;, bridge and wharf builder
Kam lliiirili Furl.
J. N. LAWS, Mt-r.
N Now Kcmlv
Foard & Stokes
UNION MEAT COMPANY
A 1.1. KIM'S
iii r.lN.VKH MKATtt
The Ural In the .Market
Strictly Pure Lard
Cor. rourth and (.lisaa Streets
A DELICIOUS DRINK....
AND ABSOLUELY JRE
The North I'lioiilo ltrowory, of wliioli
Mr, Jolin Knpp is pmprintor, mnkea bppr
for ilotnestio nml exmrt trnde.
liottlod liOfr for family tine, or kc
bt't'r Hiipplii'J nt imy linio, delivery iu
tlie I'ity fi(H).
NORTH PACIFIC BREWERY
MOVING TOOLS RENTED
Condition of the (ioternmcot's Fl
ounces Very I'uvorulilc.
ki:vi:m i: :ltm:h skrvici:
V(itcl Kccnn men Jed fur Colttrtn'a (liver
Oftuers to He fm oa Oasis
Washlnirii.il, ln-c, 7 -The annual report
if K-vrwiary li.ige H int pp. j. iim I to ton
8 r.-ury i.i.'
aiatrs l In' nr.'lil ari'J
in. lUial . ir lkr an
Tim K-fnKii of tin- (vrinii-iit from
nrl totit.o f.,r he n a )nr m .-d June
Knmi runinit.a l't VMIJii C,
Krom lriii-rii.il rnnw, II4C.M,"4 3.
FViwii prni. on .olmno, bullion depos
its ami imiiv. tr.23n.til3 i3
Krom IH.trl. I of iViliiml.i.i, I3,:..1M.3
rom , .-onuular, .-tter patent ,in.l
Inn. I K 12.
From aJuklnx fund for raelftr ta lwa-
Krim t .i .mi r..ri..ii imnkn. .9T2.vvu.
Pr..rti navy i-nlon n. rnvy h.-epilal
Krom r.-pnymwn f ni.-r..t by Pn. in-
rsllwy M: US B
From mls.-elUner.ua amm-es tin no i
From milia of public ln.. W4,rjri.4l
- - J ;
Fmm r.i. rrf Indlun Ian
rrom ruatomn f.-. tin
pi-rMrrif b rtc .
l-.SK an ts
From ivlriilMir.i ni.-nt f t coat . f wi.-r
Mipply. l)lir.-t of i-olunibia. (is; :r.
From immltrram fucU, jt i;.
ir.Mii an..- ..r icoverniiK'nt
r rom i. iimRi fnr
Fr..ni oM. r-' hum.-.
Hiy. fi!7 ft
From anlra ,.f Inrvl, ,,.) bull.llni,- ur.o.-r
l"--'lal ,i.-t 119 ;..
r r-.rrn ..'prv.ilim r.-i pul,!
Ian I- ? .
l-t-.lll a.il.a ..f ..r.lrnr:
mnrcr ul, fit,.
i-rotn pntni a. rvi.-.- 52 .". .l;
loin r.-cript tfti.i
Tri t-ti.in:r.- f,
p.-r c i
For he civil .-ta.ihm.-!v ' in In II--.C
f.ir. Ik-n Piicn-oura.-. public l,ull.;nir. col.
revin.u-a. bounty on augur.
IMalrl.-t of Columbia, mil
n cms expenaca, fT5.r2.o! IS
F.ar llm military v.tibMahineni
Ins rivers an-l harbors. f..r: irsenais'
and a.-Hcunst ,l. fere.. . f !.: n
rr in., naval etablishment, Inrlu.linc
construction of n.-w vessel., michluiv.
nrnaatiient, equipment nn.l Iniprovemem
ut navy ynnln. ir.t.Ml.r. 29.
For Indian servh-e. Jl.t.OlC.fti; Ifi.
FV- pensions. J14l.ra.lM 3.
Fir lut.s't on I.',., public ,.-h;. ;,7.191..
For deficiency In the postal revenues.
For postal service 3.ir..fi2 73.
Total cxpondlinrcs. fits .tW.SL'J IM, shmv.
Iiut a deficit of $1S,iV0.4:.4.4I.
Ill addition to the onllniry revenues
collected during the vw, tho cash In the
1niisur' a Increased by the following
From Mhe national bank fund deposited
uialer act of July 14, pi;.!. In excess of
bunk nobs r..l.t-:iie.l. Jl.Sr.tVfiU.Vl. ai.d
from the Issues of I p.r cent bonds in
ll.iuldiitlon of Interest accrued on refuml
Ing ccriillc.nes convertc.l during the year.
11240, milking a 'total of I4.r.;.s:,4 M
The sec urities red-onn-d during the year
on account of the sinking fund were as
Loan of July and August, 1S61, f:m.
Five twenties of lSili. Jitaio,
Loan of ISta. tm.
Fundi-.! loan of ISSt, JMO.
Fuinled l.xin of 1SSI, continued at 3 per
Ixwn of July and August. lStU, contin
ued nt 34 per vent. JiraV.
lyMin of July. 1SS2, JtfiOrt.
Funded loan of 18H, I237,40i.
Fr.ictliMiul currency and notes, KIM.
As compared with the fiscal year 1S96,
the receipts for ls97 Increased l20.911.W9.il.
Thore was an .Increase of $1.1,594.713,-
49 In- tho ordinary expendPtures.
Estimates fur the flscnl years lfSS and
1S99 nrw given.
In regnnl to the operations of the treis.
ury, the swretiunj- snvs:
The treflsurer of the United Slates re
port that tho toi.il available assets of
the treasury were is;.r.iS."i.321.7i) at the
opr-nlng of 'the fiscal year, und $74.7it.
377.23 nt the vlose."
St.nlstils ivc given n'gnrding deposits
of previous metals nml coinage for the
year. Ho approver the recommendation
of the dlreitcor if the mint for a larger
v!uin of fnii'tlnnnl silver currency.
The wiM-rritury gives a tahlc showing the
estimated amount of .money outside the
treasury to lie 1.70fi.732.9il4. which he esti
mates Is 123.23 per cnplta of the populn
'Hon of the Unlte.1 Staites.
Speaking of tho coimtrv's foreign trade,
he says -the statistics of the department
shorn the value of exports of domotsle
goods exceeds those of hist year by 16,
27B.OOO. An analysis of the exports shows that
those of the products of agriculture de
creased from 78 per cent to 65 per cent,
avhllii mnnuf-arturoa lia-ireaJM-d from 15 pr
no W per cent.
A note In mad iff 11m f.uf that atly'v
has bet-ome one of the mom Important
If .Art . rti-Hf I
A gnraJ reorganlatlon of the customs
dlK(T-1 i I rrm)inwlI la ih lntr
if wonumy nrl bitr ruh.
Tti w.irti .ry my:
T1i lurlffff of July 24. IW7, hu not!
tjwti hi fire Ion rtaiufli In drmnlr(
fully t ni'Tltn, tJMl f! U cmn4-rrtly b.
Il'vm! (hat inn Ifi full operation It w'll
aff-l ampin r.-viu for thr f-.llnary
rwl of the ovi-rnmtnrt, Vtili adequate
1y protrtltiK our tnarrjfd'turlri and
Hn TM ononni'lii IWl rf-.-n.u-tmm of the
Uw pro-l'lli for h llciulrMf of cutom.
A talilo In trlvvn of th r:-li'i from
Ini. rrrJ tov.iii. taf-a holri a 4wmi-e
of 121IC2 !rt.n In year's fuiif's, P.-f--M-n.e
in -.lie t'-!i fisheries t confin'-l
l t il!l"ti. s nnd a brl'f history i.t th
it-1 Ion l.ik -n by the government In l.s ef
forts in portc.t th l herds. In r-f irt
t- the .Uiska stj-non fl-herp.. the 'ere-
i 'r' "V th- efforts of I -je ;roV.-rnTient
to enfori e the lun-a hve not b--n bmjc-
c.-aeful, but he reeerv.s r'-comm.-n-Jjtlftn ,
till ltvmtl)r.itloMi of tJie muter be now j
ha undt-r way srw complied.
Th nurn1T of Immhrranis arriving
Is aflvn at ZV).ai, mtilrh la the smallest
mmW alncn 1T9. )f f his number. 1W
w.-re rrfirae.1 a.lmlsal-m to the country.
The secretary rre.HK 1"ne decrease lo
ti.. rwetrlcilve l-ies-s. He iy further
!xl!l.ilon l needed T'ltaMing the en
forcement of the fhlnea i-x-l'iaicn act,
but makes no recommemlailon.
"iWHlierable space la devoted to the
marine hospital aervl.-a. which has tn
lered upon Its centennial yenr. Its work
Is commended. ,
The revenue cutter service Is pralaed
an.l the lirsprovcmentt In Its equipment
ri-oitiniMMlL The report suggreta the J
con.l mna4inn and sal-
of th following
vesa-ls: Sward. MrLarw. Colfax, Bout -
ell, Waaliliwrton, ITiarwller an-l Himnn,
.,ii nt ,h. rj.t .rwi -r,hi.. r.
- - "
r- .a... ..h.
"" i.- .r -
ael. be provided for. ftve for crul.lng and
Mire., for hhor e-rvk-e. Of theee one
-Wild be butk expn-wly Tor use on ttie
tNriumhla rlv-. Tt aay. tha the Ud'.
loch will ..II for ran Fram-laco about
Tlie .-.-r.-!r- make a atron plea fori
th- n-cnrtiMl,.n of .the awlces of officers
;iti l mm In tn cutt.-r n-rvicc. rccotn-1
in-tKllnir that th-y b.- put m practically
:lu. un.. flnT m those In the n.-y.
The appropriation of m H urged to
proiMc a va.- for service on the Yukon
rtwr n.xt iprtng. The secretary tay,
.-om.i w- l.iuit :nc iwe !oUno :n sec-
ttons and put together and equipped at
.a a ... . . .r. m .
pace Is' Klven to tie merchant
whl.-h I. Mid to 1-irlo.b- n greater;
than at any time for (
th.- previous 21 ywr. ex,vpt m 1W. ,
AK-aiiwt this shmvinL-. h.vev.-r is put the .
fa. t that our tonn.i-.-e. r.vlst.-rl r-r ror-.
. Uii tmde Is rhe smallest In hulf a cen-
tury. Congress Is asked to consider this,
with the suggcsatlon that tonnage tax itlon j
!'- rea.ij.iic.i .1.-. 10 ic.iie.i, io..i.e.. n0 mnger possible under exlstlrsj condl-includ-J
Foini.-r r.s-omm.n.latlons regarding the Mon!l of the fi,heres. The use of
fr sti-nmlioat Inspection
A brief history of the work of the coast
an.l g.H.i.ilc sun ey s.y Ice Is given, and j mtmuhs of May, June and July and the
a strong ple.i Is mn.lo f r moiv libernl ap-j wheel should not be permitted to take
prtprlictioiw for 'the maintenance vind ex- salmon prior to the mld.Me otf May.
t.nslon of the light-house .-!nJillshment. "Shcnibl the policy above outlined be
Tho rcord of the llfe-sivlng service Is alorte.l by these states and requisite
giwn tfftcfiy. sliowirst rhut In 699 disasters me-.isures to vMrry It into effect be en
during tho year. Involving 'th." llvr rf -acted und enforced. It will be nosslble for
persons, on.y n.1 were lcsi ana tn.u
nf :.SS.r.70 worth of proinvty Invotv-,
l. T..2l.ir. v-.is s.ived.
Tb -I'lil-Mi Piu inv vale Is tr-Nvtcl with ,
gnat brcvfiy. a t.vre utiitcmcnt of the
facts being given.
The r.-wrt clos.-s with -in exhaustive
review of the currency question, with roc-',,,
COLU.MHIA IN A OALE.
Twenty-four Hours Late Into San Frnn.
S.in Fran'ls.'o, Pee. 7.-The Oregc.n
Railroad and Navigation Company's
t..iin.v Columbia arrived Uils morning. I
twenty-four hours late from Portland and ,
Astoria. The delay was due to a sories of
mishaps thit attended the ship from the
time she left Portland and heavy weather
which she encounters! from rhe time that
she passed the bar. The CoUimbln sailed
from' Fortlnd last Friday evening at 8
o'clock, and after crossing the bar she
ran Into a heavy southeastern gale that
stayed with her until she reached Point
Arenn, but did no damage. Moot of the
time she made less than six knots. Cap.
tain Conwny saw nothing on the way to
Indicate any damage from the storm.
OCEAN WAVE SOLD.
Portland. Or., D-;. 7. President Loomts,
of the Ilwa-M Railway and Navigation
Company, toiay turned over the steamer
Ocean Wave to Captain Charles Clancy,
of Tneoina, who is the representative ol
a ..yndleare which has leased the steamer
and will iinko her to the Sound.
MOTHER M'KINLEVS CONDITION
Canton, Ohio, lec. 7. A: !1:43 p. m.
Mother McKI U y was resting easy. The
tahyxlchin ut his last visit reported that
she 'was retln.r easl.v ihnn at any time
during the dnv and the morning would
seo her alive.
LYNCHING AT CARSON. j
Carson, Nv Dec. 7. Adam Uber, who
klM-l Hans Anderson, at Oardnervllle,
Inst iwvek. was taken from the Genoa Jail
alt 2 a, m., Stripped of his clothing and
hanared. His body was riddled with bul
lets by an angry mob of wvnty.flve men,
supposed to be from Gardnervllle.
Commissioner McCulre's Full Report
for Year IH97.
I'ROPAGATION THE QUESTION
! t Mai Bed Accomplished fc tht I'tited
9tstet risk CnaoiiittioR Seed
el the rmurt.
The failure of the state to rrtike pro
vision for the artlrVM propaKatlon. of I
alrrxn on the Columbia river, at the ev. i
trj S'-sslons of our llHla.ture In 1KO, i
. lW. ami 18!7, would certlitnly have proved
calamity had not the United States fish i
comrrAsslon, rmllzrnif how largely Oie
great salmon flery of the ColumbU
rhrer depended) upon artflcH ptopaga
lion, decided to take up rhe work the state
had nrlected to provide for. That the
national commission must have consid
ered the future of the Industry as seri
ously imperilled by the failure of the
state to make provision for the work, is
dearly apparent from the fact that only
a little over two years ago the United
States fish commissioner, by direction of
congress, made an investigation and re
port to the senate on the condition of the
i Columbia rtwr salmon fisheries in
1 wtehh report he recommenaed Brtot no
siw De taxen to Innreane the mn.
vi--ittii.i8 oi lne government on
.ioi nvrr n"i ui states DoweoruT on;
It should enact law. absolutely necessary
i ln the opinion of the commissioner to Uie I
auccessful prosecution of the work. l!
j quote from the 1'nltcd States n.h com-1
. mler-. report to the United Bute. !
"The necessity of concurrent action on
, the part of the stateai occupying the Co-
lumbla river basln and of their cordlUj
ca-.p.-ra!.n in mwasures necesRary to i
mhlntain the salmon Men of
,ml, riVlP and to Improve . I. evident
, from a rnnniit.wn.in f h. .......
It'.ten. Th. ,.,i. e r.-T. !
states nsh commissioner In the Columbia'
river bisln made unW the Instructions!
of conrnw, clearly indicate that there I
ia a serkius deterioration In the product '
and value of the salmon fisheries of the!
r(v. r; that this deterioration Is to be '
attrflute,l tn Urge part. f not ent rely.
to ,he exclusion of the salmon from their
,mvni.Tt: grounds by the operation of
(he net fKVrmon, and th.u airtiilcial
propagation on an a.lequite scale to com-
pensato for the waste of the fisheries. Is
potm.K gill nets, traps and seines In the
lower river, from the Cssci.lea in ih.
should e strk-tly limited to the
United States fish commissioner and
state commissioner to i-restlv ir..
I their fish cultural operatlcmj. and to prose-
cuto ,n,,m untiPI. muon mor(1 gatiBf.u.tory
and economical conditions than at the
present time Until the states Interested
a,j,pt measure to restrain fishing so as
permit a portion at least of the svl-
mon entering Hhe river to rasa up to their
spawning grounds, it Is not deemed wise j the betterment of our salmon laws urged fsh can Joe appreciated when It Is known
or expedient to attempt to increuse or by this office during the past five years, : that only ten per cent of the latter are
extend the work of artificial propagation and with proper provision for artificial successfully hatched, iwhlle by means of
of the salmon. All efforts will be dlmp- propuguton. It wtll be possible for the artificial propagultion 95 per cent of the
pointing and unprofitable and negatory state, co-operating with the national fish sss are saved. The method employed In
so long as the fisheries continue under J comn.Ist.lon. to turn Into the Columbia -the artificial propagation of salmon Is
existing cond.tiot! und I would recom-1 river basin double the amount of fry j very simple, but requires thorough knowl
mend therefore, that no further steps be I that were added to our waters this year. ' edge on the part of the operator to be
takvn at Present looking to the estnb-1
Mhment of additIoji.il salmon breeding j
stations in the CoVumbia river basin". 1
The commission must certainly huve j
considered the future of our snlmon fish- i
ery seriously menaced when our legis-!
lature adjourned In 1R93 without enact-!
Ing Into law any of the recommendations '
for the betterment of our fishery laws so
strongly urged by rhs office and the na-!
t tonal commission, for, notwithstanding
the recommendations quoted above, Com-'
mlsaioner John J- Price, during the past j
two years hns made every effort possible
to Increase fish cultural operations ln '
the Columbia river basln, and, although
hampered by inefficient taws, the effort,
I am happy to say. has hoen crowned
with phenomlns.1 success. 'Not only has I
he taken all the eggs possible to obtain i
In our own waters, but he has had several and preservation. The pert session of
million eyed Chinook salmon eggs sent ' our legislature should make an approprla
heraj from Hattle Creek station; "a!i- j tlon of $5,000 for the erection and opera
fomla. which were hatched at the Clack- tlcn of a large hatchery on the Columbia.
mns hiitoheiry a.nd the resulting fry This sum would be ample, in my opinion,
turned into our waters. to provide for the work until sufficient
To illustrate the importance of this revenue should accrue from a license
great work It is only necessary to com-
pare it -with what has been accomnllshed
here n fish cultural opomtlons In former
years. Ltint year more were 12,S42,iio
eggs taken in tho Columbia river basin
of which over 11.000.900 fry were success-;
jfuJly hatched nnd turned Into our waters.
th j,eing double the nunvber ever propa-
gated In ny previous year. The present
season has proved to be the "banner year
In fish cultural work on the Columbia. : purpose which Is being expended largely
The national commission, evidently en- In an effort to restore, through artificial
couraged by the success achieved during propagation, hor once valuable salmon
the season of 1S96. extended ts operations fisheries. Shall iw not profit by the
with the commencement of the present history of the Sacraimento salmon fish
year, operating four stations; one at hhejaryT It la certainly the part of wisdom
hatchery on the lower Clackamas river j to preserve our salmon Industry by timely
and the Salmon. Packers' Propagating , provision rather than largo approprla-
Compny' hatchery on the headwater
at that itream. They alao opratM the
tatlon in the Little White HJmon and
a new hatchery on Tt'Jtrue rr-r. Egg
were aim taknn On the Bandy rtrer.
The total number of Met ft obtained and
treated by e United fliatea nh eom
mlMlon, affgreffotkna; tl.JlS.m, nearly
twice a many aa were aecured laat year,'
and four time u many aa were ever
taken n any yetir previous to 1ft This
result Is certainly very gnatlfyln to those
who tiave studied the question nd ap
preclate hnrw much this means for the
future prosperity of our salmon nhery,
pifttlrsr back Into the river for future
supply nearly twenty time tut many
nalmon as wre '.aketi fr.m the eratm
by the pak.frs durlniT the aeaiion )iwt
closed. The numbr of fvK secured at
the "Vm.l mfmcn breeding stations rn
the "Vltimb1a river btisln and In Oreron
durlnc the pst season bHns; follows:
Little White PaJrre-m. Wuei....
rvikamas. Or ,
Rxrue River, Or
Blnvn River, Or
FOR TEN TEARS.
F-iK Ew Fry
col'd dlirt'd dtsfd
4.JK000 1.000000 t7HI,tT5
5.8W.0OD WOT) 4.902.000
The fry were aH deposited In the Clack
All cannerymen and fishermen with
iom I have talked are naturally very
mucti elated a-t the great -work accomp
lished and give unstinted praise to the
i - -
I Lijlted BBaies commviasloni and Mr. Wajflo
i . . . . . 1 . i -
ir. -nuooaru. iua-uiTOi m
i m h w
T IT JU! ""nae -
""TJ " "T . PCUte,r
J"? t'r,rtnt 1 'n "
, J," . J? c,annerTme"Whk h"d
'V , TTaZZT.
at tne expense or me tow tor trie oenTH
j of the entire Industry. As soon as I
I '.earned of this determlrutlon on their
I part. T wrote to Hon'. John J. Price,
?lU State, commissioner, stating t0
ltii n tha eilfiiArl ti rwl taaasri 1 1 d al t cj n f m
undertake the operation of this hatoOerj-.
ni no nimtii i rt im ni v 1 1 i i r n . t ; i rri
. ,, Z ,
fo-,'w'nS ,etter: j
"I have the honor to acknowledjre the
recelrt of vour letter of the I4th ult.!"8" alvnced with rapid strides) ami Is
with reference to the cost of operating
the hatchery controMed by the Salmon ;
Association of the
river at the head of the Clackamts.
reply I desire to say that 1 shall he glad
to assume control of this hatchery and :mne Jim "n to till the water."
operate ft during the coming s&on, and Arthough the practice of fish culture la
In order to expedite matters, req-ueet 1 of ucn wnt date, there la no doubt
that you will Issue the necessary orders that ,he art -- aiready added Immeaav
to turn the hatchery and Irs equipment uraK' to tho food supply of man by
over to Superintendent W. F. Hubbard . Preserving from extinction several spo
of the Clackkamas station by July let. ! cles 04 flih ,ife- notably the shad of the
Mr. Hubbard will direct the work at the
"JOHN J. BRICE.
The operation of thlsi Witchery re.
suited In adding over five million fry to
the waters of the Columbia five times as
many as there were adult fish taken from ,
the same witters for canning purposes
durlnB the fishing season Just closed, j
Of course, the harvest from this sowing
cannot be reaped until four years have
elapsed, when the fry planted this year!t species Bo the fact that only the
will return to spawn.
WlBh the enactment Into lw by our
legislature of the recommendations for
We must not expeot, however, that the
national commission will continue to do
all of this work for us In the future. !
For the past two years it has made great rack or fence of long flat pickets Is butlt
effort to push fish culture and the work' across a stream, which the salmon ascend
has been prosecuted under adverse con- to spawn. This fence Is built at point
dltlons, the result of our Inefficient laws, selected for Its adaptlbility to the purpose,
There Is no doubt that this work will com- preferably near the head waiters of the
pensate, in a. srelit measure, for the loss 'stream which the Instinct of the salmon
occasioned by over fishing, and the de-: Impels ft to seek. The objeot of the fence
flclency cuused thereby In natural re- or rack, which Is put In 'before the flsn
production - ' begin to run, s to hold them from pasa-
They .were impelled, no doubt, to make ( hur above the point selected for operating,
this unusual effort to carry on artificial As the fish narthe spawning period they
propagation of salmon- on a more ex- are driven into a trap toullt of slats or
tensive scale than heretofore attempted, boards with nvn opening through which
because they realize.! that tho future of . to drive them in, A female salmon Is then
our great salmon fWhOTy was Imperiled
by the neglect of our legislature to enact
laws so much needed for -ttvelr protection
system, such as recommended lp m. last
report and embodied in the Stanley bill
Introduced u.t the last session of the leg
'Washington and California are alive to
the Importance and value of fish culture;
boJch of these states at the last session
of Mher letrfslatures appropriating large
sums for this work. The latter state
last winter approprjaited $20,000 for this
Uon In later years ln an effort to rent or
It after ft has become Unremuneratlvs
ttirouBfi dpletan causal by th lack of
wtas legislation for ta preservation.
As s .well known, only the Chinook
(Oncortiynchus choucha) have ever been
artificially propagated on the Columbia.
A study of the ttatlsttci of that river for
t psst four years ln connection with
this fact M InteresHns; and fumlahea an.
mktaJtable evidence that fish oitltur has
increased the abundance of this species,
while at ttv aanma nlrne there has b-n
snrml diminution m the numbv of steel,
heads (3a)mo txwcVmiere) and bue back
(Oncorhynchus r.erka) which have not
been propajratcd. The irreat falllnr off In
the catch of theeo fl. especially the
ste.had, fa cMng onMorable an.
lne amornr those engajted In frees
Irsr and shlpplrui fresh fish, t being pre
ferred to all others for this purpose.
I am of the ophilfn that there will be
great scarcity of this species wlthln a
few rears unless f ..... .. -
5 0-tK OfS) . ' ----- vi.i iawa
I '' f0r ,h",r proteotl0n '""Ina- their spawning
2(tmm''Unn' Th1" mmn require a winter
1 Zlim 1 C0B' "e"n " thelr wwnlnf time ta.
I tends fnrm January to May. I also recom
mend that provision be made for the ar
tificial propagation of these fish.
DavU Starr Jordan's statement In re
gard to the ralmon of the Columbia e
particularly applicable to the steetbead
"Wherher an actual reduction,'' "he
ays, "m the number of Ash an be
proved or not, there can be no question
that the prwsent rate of the destruction
of salmon will deplete the river before
many years. A well ordered saimaa
hatcha-ry the only mean by whleh
the destruction of the salmon nsherlea of
the Columbia river can be prevented.
This s certainty true of the ateelhead.
which runi In the river d.tring the entire
ar and under our preient laws Is sub
ie tta operation Wf the fishermen for
nearly ten mo nibs out of tha twelve. The
only won lr s that the river, under such
conditions, has not been depleted of this
valuable fl.ah ere this. If thv are to be
i preserved It Is shsniiitai. i. .v..
- ' m.1 inw
I ----- ue estaouancoi tx.
1 tending from January 15 to April 15, and
PPt provfalon made for their artificial
j pronation. ITnls this la done they
) "HI n become so rce as to render
tht fr0l"n fl! ade. far aa the steel-
head js concerned.
itnoee who enraA In tr
It is a f ict not generally known that
the eel head (samo galrdnetl) s a better
shipping Dh than the Chinook and for
. this purpose, during a part of rhe season.
as hl?h a price. Miny letters
come to this office making Inquiries hi
' r -i r.l . n v. i .. , , ..
. hwuiuu ..uiiuoyeu in tne i
. . . .
uociai propagation of salmon. Only a
few ycar3 have elapa-jd since the Intro-
ductl" fl culture, out its practice
n0" an Published art. yielding vast re-
sun" ,nr ,he benefit mankind. As
stn orecn. one of the fathers if pise,
culture, wrote years ago. "We have tilled
the Krour,d 'or thousands of years, but
eastern ccast rivers. It is also demon
tainted by statistics that the fish cultural
operations alt the Clackamas hatchery has
compensated In a considerable measure
for the constant and excessive overfish
ing of the Columbia river salmon. The
statistics of this fishery show a great de
cline In the abundance of blueback and
ateelhead, while the decline in the annual
run of chlnook Is much lefts. A11 persons
who have given any study to this question
agree In attributing as the cause of this
difference in the -abundance of the dlffer-
latter fish s propagated. The wondarfut
advantage of artificial propagation of eal-
mon over Ihe natural spawning of the
The method employed in the artllclal
propagation of eahnon la as follows: A
(Continued on third page.)
Royal makes the food pars.
wholesome and delicious.
aovai auuM sowof a co., sew voss.