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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 15, 1895)
WI PUBLIC UBMM ASSOCIATION.
TheASTORIAN has the largest LOCAL
Forecast, fair weather, warmer, except (f
t stationary temperature on the coast, K
v vvvvv wv
circulation) me largest ur.ntnftu circuia-
Hon. and the laro-cst TOTAL circulation of
& all papers published In Astoria. j:i
p.-iyi-rjp'ifjt vvjrvjc vjt rjt wy r-jr
EXCLUSIVE TELEGRAPHIC PRESS REPORT.
ASTOKIA, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 15, 1895.
Iron & Steel,
Groceries & Provisions,
Flour & Mill Feed,
Paints, Oils, Varnishes, -Loggers
Doors & Windows,
Wagons & Vehicles.
Paints and Painters Supplies
Rugs and Bamboo Goods
Cen tractor for
Fresco Painting, Paper Hanging, Etc.
765 Commercial Street.
Snap R Kodak
at any man coming out of
our store and you'll get a
portrait ot a man brimming
over with pleasant thoughtB.
O Such quality In the liquors
we have to offer are enough to
PLEASE ANY MAN..
Coroe and Try Them.
HUGHES & CO.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS
Conromly St., foot of Jackson, Astoria.
General Machinists and Boiler Makers
Land and Marine Engines. Boiler work, Steam
boat and Cannery Work a Specialty.
Castings of All Descriptions Made to .Order on
John Fox. President and Superintendent
A. L. Fox Vice President
O. B. Prael Secretary
They Lack Life
There are twines fJMd to fishermen
on the Columbia river that stand" in
the same relationship to Marshall's
Twine as a wooden Image does to the
human being they lacK strength life
evenness and lasting qualities. Don't
fool yourself into the belief that other
twines besides Marshall's will do "just
at well." They won't. Ttiey cannot.
C.J. TRENCH, RD, Agent
Wells, Fargo & Co. and
Pacific Express Co.
HOP and PtfOEfllX iflSUftftfiGE CO'S.
Custom House Broker
and Commission Merchant.
502 Bond Street.
iCopp's Beer Hall.
Choice Wlns, Liquora and Clga't.
Only handed over th. ear, The largest giasi
(rf N. P. Beer. Half-and-half. 51. '
Cbas. Wirkkala, Proprietor.
Cor. Conromty and Lafayette St.
Tw Blacksmith -vhoso shop Is oppos
ite Cuttings cannery, ia now prepared
to do such odd Jobs as making new
cannery coolers, repairing old enea,
making new flshin boat irons, and re
pairing old ones, and all other black
smithing that requires first-class work
manship. MUSIC HALiLt.
KEATING & CO will open ihelr
it -to Music Hal at &9 Astor street,
If Saturday the IClh. Thef will
keep numberless gool lijuors
and cigars besiJes baring good music all the
A complete stock of lumber on hand
in the rough or dressed. Flooring, ru
tlc ceiling, and all kinds of finish;
mouldings and shingles; also bracket
work done to order. Term reasonable
and pricesM bedrock. All orders
promptly tttended to. Office and yard
at mllL 11. L. LOGAN. Prop'r.
Kay to take, sure cur, no pain, noth
Irar to dread, pleasant little pills. De
"Wltfs Lktle Early Risera. Best for Sick
Headache, Biliousness, Sour Stomach and
Or. Price's Cream Baking Powder
Casta ins a Aaam is or AIhsb.
BARGAINS TO AIIv AnlKE
it V; A TT
1. U OSGOOD,
The One Price Clothier; Hatter and Furnisher.
506 and 0O8 COMMERCIAL STREET, ASTORIA, OR.
fit Greatly Jedaced Prices.
A FULL LINE OF
Oregon Books Slates
Pens , Erasers
Everything Necessary for School Use.
Griffin & -Reed4.,
In a desirable location, 2 blocks from High School.
CHOICE LOTS IN HILLS FIRST ADDITION.
On the new Pipe Line Boulevard Just the place for a cheap home.
A Block IN ALDERBROOK.
. STREET CAR LINE will be eitenile.1 this summer to within 5 minutes
walk ot this property Will pell nt decided bantam.
In 5 or 10 aore tracts inside tho mty limit", also adjoining Flavel.
GEORGE HILL. 471 Bond St., Occident Block,
HILL'S REAL ESTATE EXCHANGE.
It i.s a little early, yet
have just received direct from
line of umbrellas in gloria and silk. Prices range from 50
cents to $3.50. Call and see them. Our dry goods sale
will continue for a few days lunger, fake advantage of llii.
oppdrtunity and make your purchases, thereby saving from
25 to 50 percent, as bts of goods we are selling at half price.
600 Commercial Street.
ROSS HIGGINS & CO.
Grocers, : and : Butchers
Astoria and Upper Astoria
lot Teas and Coffer s. Table Delicac'e. mesne
and Tropical Fruits, Vegetables, Sugar
Cured Hams, Bacon. Etc.
Choice Fresh - and - Salt - Meats.
EVETtT ONE NEEDS A Bt'STVES S EDUCATION. Many roans; men sJifl
women can upend but on or two yean at school why not take a coiim that cn
be completed In that time? The college Included a short ENGLISH COURSE be
sides a BUSINESS and SHORTHAND COURSE. For catalog-usa addraaa,
14 YAJIHILL ST. - - KOIKES EU5INE5S COLLEGE, - rCRTXAKJ), OR.
Without any sleight-of-hand
or hocus pocus performances I
have decided to sell all lines of
MEN'S AND BOX'S' CLOTHING
no marks changed on the goods
nor any lines packed away until
October 1st at following prices:
All Suits or Overcoats over $16.00 for $12.00
" " over 14.00 for 11.00
" , " over 12.00 for 10.00
" over ''19.00 for 7.50
" Pants over 7.00 for 5.50
" " over 5.00 for 4.00
" " over 4.00 for 3.50
" " over 3.00 for 2.50
" " oyer 2.50 for 2.00
" . " over 1.50 for 1.00
you will need one soon. We
tho factory a large and select
hiTOSffl PUBLIC MBiMY!
READING ROOM FKEB T'J A IX.
Open every day from 3 o'clock to 5 :30
and 6:30 to 930 p.,m.
Subscription rates $3 per annum.
Southwest cor. Eleventh aud Duanc 5t.'
or Real Life
i m m path
General Ezeta About to Make
THE SALVADORIAN CAPITAL
Is in Danger The Tribes will Flock
to His Standard and Triumphal
Entry Will he Made.
San Francises, Sept. 11. General Aft
tonlo Ezeta again announces his deter-
minatlon to return to Salvador, depose
President Gulterrez and assume con
trol of the country himself, He has gone
so far as to secure his passage on the
steamer City of Sydney, which will sail
for the Central American ports next
Wednesday. Ezeta says he will land at
one of the Mexican ports and then pro
ceed to La Lrbertad, where he hopes to
be Joined by a trusted bond ot followers,
the number increasing as the squadron
charges toward hte capital. He expects
to enter the city of San Salvador In trl
The soldiery will desert the standard
of Gulterrez and the fierce tribes of halt
breeds and Indalns under General Rivas
ore expected to flock to Ezeta's side.
Ezeta has been waiting for funds and the
failure of remittances to arrive before
Wednesday will, he says, alone prevent
his embarking on his career tot capture
The 'Prospects in Oregon Much Iniprov:d
Since Last Report.
Washington .Sept. 14. The statistical
report of the agricultural department Is
sued today gives the revleiv of general
crop conditions not comprised in that
made public on the 10th Inst. It says that
In Minnesota there is a lower wheat
yield than was anticipated and that con
siderable smut is also prevalent in North
Dakota, where the threshing shows a
vtry good yield. As to the Paclflccoast,
the report shows that the Oregon pros
pects have Improved since August 1.
THE PLAGUE IN HAWAII.
Natives Concealing the Facts as to the
Spread! of Cholera,
San Francisco," Sept. H.Prlvate nd-
vlcea from Honolulu and published here
today state that the cholera has secured
stronger hold on tho Hawaiian capi
tal than the authorities there are willing
to admit. The natives are said to be
much Incensed at the local health au
thorities. They not only conceal new
cases, but decline to use the treatment
prescribed and hide the fatalities re
sultant form the epidemic. The natives
will not trust themselves In the hinds
of the board of health if they 'can avoid
It, believing that such treatment means
WHEAT AND HOPS.
Liverpool. Sept. 14. Wheat Spot firm:
demand moderate; No. 2 red winter, 4s
V4a; No. 2 red spring, 6s: No. 1 hard Man
itoba, 5s d; No. 1 California, 4s lOVid.
Hops at 'London. Pactilc coast. 1 wound.
New York, Sept. 14. Hons auiet and
weak; state common to choice. 1894.607:
Pacific coast, 18S4,. 3Vj 7.
THE MORA CLAIM.
Complications Arise in tho Distribution
of the Fund
"Washington, Sept. 14. Having settled
the lnternatlnal tfeature of the caae the
state department Is now likely to en
counter some difficulty at home in dis
bursing the money received from Spain
In the Mora claim. Much litigation is
threatened and was evidenced by the tak
ing out of an Injunction by one of the
assignees to restrain the state depart
ment from paying over all the money
During the years of the pendency of
this great claim, Mrs. Mora has been
obliged to make assignments of parts
of it, the larger items being on account
ot legal expenses. Soma of these as
signments have been recorded in the
state department, but their number and
aggregate amount Is not learned at pres
ent. Of these the department must take
ratlce In settling the claim and It 1s
probaJbla that others are outstanding, of
which the department haa not yet been
-To insure proper dlstrrbutlon the de
partment will give official notice by the
usual channels, so that proper o'alms
can he presented, and as this will1 Meces-'
sarily consume some time, there will be
no baste in closing up the matter.
FIRE AT NORTH BEND.
Half of the Business Section
Seattle, Sept. 14. 'Fire broke out at
North Bend, In the eastern part of King
county and destroyed half of the busln."ss
section of the town this evening. It
started in a store building owned by W.
H. Taylor, who had bought a stock of
goods, but had not put It in the building.
When the fire was discovered, this build
ing was at mass of flames and the peo
ple turned their efforts to saving othr
property with the h,"eket brigade. Wil
liam Horbrook's dwelling, Herman- Pit
yold's house and Holbrook's shoo store
were destroyed, and W. C. We' store
and Gustlns hotI were damaged. The
total loss was four thousand dollars.
There was little or no insurance.
FATAL ACCIDENT TO PROF. RILES.
Washington, Sept. 14. Prof. O. V. Riles,
for many years entomologist of the de
partment of agriculture, and well known
among scientists in this country and
Europe, while riding a bicycle today was
thrown from the machine, his head hit
ting the curbstone with such force that
his skull was fractured. Hit Injuries
ere believed to be fatal.
COUNTERFEITER CLARK CAPTURED
Pend'.eton, Ore., Sept. 14. .V telephone
message from Pilot R'k was receive!
this afternoon from Deputy United States
Marshal i. U. Uontlc', saying be- had
eanarht James Clark, a counterfeiter and
the thief of the gang who have been oper-
ating in tho country south of Pendleton
Bentloy left Pendleton last Wednesday
In possession of information, where the
Clark rendezvous could be found and abo
where a large amount ot spurious half
dollars were buried in a secluded spot.
He saw where the money had been bur
led, but some ono had been there be
fore blm and dug it up. Clark was found
on the Texas bar one hundred miles from
Pend'.eton on the north fork of the John
SUES THE MASONS.
Unparalleled Proceedings in the Spokane
Spokane, Sept. 14. Suit was begun today
In the superior court of this county
which (has no parallel anywhere in the
world. 1 Louis Zlegler, one of the highest
Masons in the United States, brings suit
against four Masonic bodies for claims
aggregating albout $2,000. Several months
ago lils son, Wm. H. Zlegler, was sued
for $1,441, the balance in his hands at
the expiration of his term as treasurer,
tor the consistory bodies. This Is
counter action, and the claims are for
money loaned, expenses incurred, etc,
JUDGE) HURLEY'S SUCCESSOR.
Salem, Or., Sept. 14. Governor Lord
this evening appointed Henry E. McGinn
to the circuit Judgeship of Portland, made
vacant by the death of Judge Hurley.
Needed Here as Well as
ASTORIA THE ONLY TOWN
In Europe or America Without
Proper' Means of Cleaning and
Yesterday morning early Mr. L. B. See
ley, manager, and E. W. Crelghton, treas
urer, of the Columbia River and Puget
Sound Navigation Company, arrived on
the Bailey Gatzert and had with them
as guesta Capt, J. E. Lombard, of Port
land, and Capt, R. S. Alexander, fo San
Francisco. In the morning they made
a visit to the Jetty on the steamer Queen,
and after lunch took the sama steamer
for a trip to Tongue Point.
To an Astorlan representative Capt.
Alexander, of San Francisco, said: "Hav
ing been for years extensively engaged
in ship building and' ship repairing 1
naturally take the most interest in rait
water affairs, although I am not actively
engaged In business, as my sons run the
il am much impressed with tho im
provements in your port since I wis hero
last, some years ago, and with your rail
road building you seem to b'i on the
eve of great prosperity. I notice one
thing, however, which you stllli lack and
which you have long needed, and that
Is a dry dock. In my travels in Europe
Ship masters and shipping firms tell me
that it Is worth more to go to tho Col
umbia river than to any other port on the
Pacific coast, because of the lack of
facilities for cleaning and painting the
hulls of vessels. In these days of great
Iron ships it is necessary at the end of
each voyage to clean the dirt and bar
nacles off the bottoms of theso ehlps and
to repaint them, and If it can be done
when the voyage is only halt over, all
the better. Iron ships will get foul and
when there Is no way of taking them
out of the water it is bad. They also
ured to be efrald of the bar at the mouth
of the river, but they now a'.li thorough
ly understand that there Is no bar, but
the lack of a dry dock Is a serious mat
ter. Ninety-nine vessels which come Into
your hlarbor may be all right, but the
one hundredth will need extensive re
pairs, and as I said before neirly ail
iron ships need cleaning and painting. I
don't know of any port In the United
States or Europe, with waters of such
importance without a dry dock. No doubt
you will soon have one now In the wake
of the railroad. AVhen Improvements
once commence I have noticed that they
all come at once. Probably the railroad
will not be completed before a dry dock,
elevators and warehouses wl'J be under
"How to business In San Francisco?"
"General business -in S.m Francisco Is
rather quiet Just now. We have plenty
of money and nothing to draw it out at
"Is it true, as reported in the eastern
and many of the western papers, that the
Southern Pacific "Devil Fish" has already
gobbled up your pet railroad, the San
Joaquin Valley, and thus foiled your
plans of becoming Independent in trans
"It most certainly Is not. I am ac
quainted personally with the Spreckels
and the other men who have put their
money and brains Into the new railroad,
and after the promises made to the public
they would not allow their names to be
used In such a manner and disgrace them
selves and their associates by veiling out
to the enemy. Besides, the Southern J'a
clflc has about all it wants to handle
In looking after Its own improvements
and taking care of Its own business,
without buying new and expensive prop
erty like this."
"It Is stated that J. S. Leeds was forced
out of the Merchants' Traffic Association
because of the failure of his pet scheme,
the Valley road, and its falling Into the
hands of the Southern Pacific, and that
frls successor was appointed from the
Southern Pacific general traffic office and
In the Interest of that rnrnnmtinn tn
the detriment of the merchants whore 1
very object In the association was pro
tection against the Southern Pacific. How '
do you reconcile the statement?"
"There "were reasons for Mr. Leeds"
change, but ot the ones alleged in the
press. And in selecting til successor the
merchants chose a man to handle traffic
matters who was familiar with the sub
ject. You do not hire a blacksmith to
mend your watch. If the Southern Pa
cific bad such a man In their employ
and the Merchants' Association, could
afford to pay him. more for his ekilF than
the railroad, what is there strange In
Capt. Alexander U a most Interesting
talker and It Is to be hoped that h! ideas
sbout dry doclc will soon be realized in
T"t entire party returned to Portland
U-i: night at 11 o'clock en the Telephene.
THE FINAL TRIALS
VVefers Bests , Crum in Both
Short Distance Jlaces.
HICKOK OF YALE WINS
Long- Distrnco Rhus Mad, in Fairly
. Good Time, but Not at All Re
markable Good Per
formances. New York, Sept. 14. Great interest was
taken today in tho American Athletic
Union championship events in the Man
hattan field owing to the fact that the
victors would participate in the interna
tional games next Saturday with repre
sentatives of the London Athletic club.
Those who expected to sea some records
broken were disappointed, ns only two
records were equaled.
Summaries: 100 yards Wafers first,
Crum second; time, 10 seconds.
Half mile run C. Kllpatrlck, New York
A, C, first;, W. S. Hippie, New Jersey C.
A., second; time, 1:56 2-5.
One mile walk S. Liebgold, P. A. C,
first; L. Liebgold, New Jersey A. C,
second; time, 7:16 2-5.
120 yard hurdle Stephen ChaM, New
York A. C, first; E. Ii ady, New York
A. C, second! time, 15 3-5 seconds.
440 yard run T. E. Bui ke, Boston A, C,
A. A., flret; G. Sands, New York A. C,
second; time, 49 3-5 seconds.
One mile run G. Orton, New York A.
C, lirst; A. Walsh, A. C, second; time,
Putting 16 pound shot W. I. Hlckok,
Now York A. C, 43 feet, firs:; G. Wut-
terich, Pastime A. C 33 feet, 3 Inches,
i Two mile bicycle, class A. P. T.
Dickey, New York A. C, first; W. A.
Roome, New Jersey A, C, second; time,
Running high Jump M. F. Sweeney,
Xavler A. C. first, 6 feet; S. A. W.
Baltazzi, New Y'ork A. C, second, 3 feet
Throwing 16 pound hammer J. S.
Mitchell, New York A. C, 139 feet 2Mi
inches, first; H. P. Cross, New York A.
C, 131 feet, second.
' Three mile walk S. Liebgold, P. A. C,
first; L. Liebgold, P, A. C, second; time,
220 yard dash Wefera, New York A. C,
first; J. V. Crum second; time, 21-4-5.
Running Tiroajd Jump F. Bloss, II. A.
A., 22 foety 2 inches, first: E. H. Clark,
B. A. A.,' 21 feet,' 8Wj Inches, second.
Throwing 66 pound weight J. S. Mitch
ell, New York A. C, 32 feet, 7 inches,
first; a Witterlch, P. A. C, 28 feet, 1
220 yard hurdle, first heat E. H. Cady,
New York A. C, first; M. Cohen, New
Jersey A.-C, second; time, 25 1-6.
Second heat S. A. Symo, New Jersey
A. C, first; J. Cosgrove, Rldgefleld A. C
second; tlma 26 3-6.
CONFLICT OF AUTHORITY.
General Harmon Objects to the Whipping
of U. S. Prisoners.
Washington, Sept. 14. United States
Attorney General Harmon has notified
Superintendent Gilbert of trwpenlten
tlary that corporal punishment of United
States prisoners w n t bo sanctioned
or permitted. The sum nutendent has re.
replied, that they will be subject to the
rules and regulations of the prison If left
there. Harmon has a prejudice against
corporal punishment. .
DE'PEW (AS A PROPHET.
Democrats Not Seeking the Nomination
fur the Presidency.
London, Sept. II. Cha,uncey M. Depew
has returned to London. Mr. Depew sat
In a room at tho Savoy tonight and
talked in a characteristic way of his ex
"I came to Europe to nee nobody," he
said, "and consequently I see everyone.
I saw Mr. Croker today, who told me
that ho Is returning to New York to
take an active part In the campaign.
Mr. Croker Is very confident that -Tammany
will elect Its whole ticket, and he
bases his confidence on the belief that the
reformers and the Republicans wilt not
be able to pull together ns was the case
In 181)4. If we are unab.e to - adhere to
the combinations of 1804 Mr. Croker's
opinion is right. Tammany, In that
event, will elect all the Judges, the county
ticket, the senators and most of the
assemblymen. I believe that the state
will go Republican, and that we are pret
ty sure to elect the Tlepubllean presiden
Mr. Depew axked about an article
which appeared In the London Times
Tnewiay on W. C. Whitney's presiden
tial chances. Mr. Depew said on the sub
ject: "I really do not bolleve that Mr.
Whitney wants the Democratic nomina
tion. The fact tlnat the nomination is
not being sought for shows the slim
chances of the Democrats."
Regarding his own trip, Mr. Depew
said: "I had the usual good time at
Hamburg, where I dined twice with the
Prince of Wales. From there I went to
Lourdes and. saw a miracle at least they
called. It a miracle. I made quite a long
tour In Germany, France and Be.gium.
There Is a great Improvement In business
manifest In all three of these countries,
and likewise in England. The whole
world will experience an era of prosper
ity In the next five or six years, the
United States especially. Indeed, It has
already started. We have Just reaped
the greatest crops in our history. Wages
are voluntarily being Increased, and our
cecurltles are increasing in value ana
are being sought for by foreign Investors.
I find that Europe Is rapidly regaining
confidence In American securities."
Mr. Depew was asked by his Interviewer
what his observations showed to be the
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report -
mm jet .em m m
Aarvki; Aar s inNMta mi
status of the Irish question, to which he
replied: "I think the Conservatives who
havo come into power in England will
give Ireland home rule in sonic chape,
rrobably Just as good as the Liberals
wculd have given. Just like ourselves,
tho English are peculiar and want to bo
fooled. It Is not the medicine to which,
they object, providing the label on the
bottle Is ratlsfactory."
Congressman Payne of New York, Is
also in London, on his return from. a two
months' tour of. the continent. He saint
to a representative tonight: "My views
as a protectionist havo been, greatly
strengthened by a tour of Europe. The
thing on the continent seems to be men.
They are cheaper than horses."
BASE BALL YESTERDAY.
New York, Sept. 14. Boston 12;
Sept. 14. Baltimore 14,
Sept. 14. Pittsburg 0; Cin-
Louisville, Sept. 14. Louisville 5;
Philadelphia, Sept. 14. First game
Philadelphia 21; Washington 9. Second
game Philadelphia, 7; Washington 0.
St. Louis, Sept. 14. St. Louta 6; Cleve
land 6. Game called at 10th innings.
Columbus, O., Sept. 14. The Columbus,"
Sandusky & Hocking Valley rallroid
was sold today for 14,100,000. It was bid
In by W. E. Guerln- In behalf of tho
Denver, Sept. 14.-An additional short
age of $9,027 hits been found in the county
treasurer's accounts which may increase
the liability ot the bondsmen to nearly
FOR ROAD IMPROVEMENTS. .
Young's River People Want to See Ri
Yesterday 'Messrs. Young, Chriatens and
Bunker, ot Young's River, were in the
city in the interests of good roads. They
ill shortly take some steps before the ( '
comity court in an effort to have the road 1
Just this side of the Walluski road so
Improved ss to raise it out of the water.
As it now stands there is about 500 feet
of tho approaches to the bridge which
Is covered with water during the high
tldo and this greatly interferes with
travel from that section of the country.
The people in that vicinity ay they will
raise a share of tho money necessary
to make the Improvements with and they
think that the county court should also
aid in the matter. It is also stated that
a number of the merchants will also ren
der some assistance in the maitter, in
order to keep the road open during the
Tho people interested propose to take
some action lit once, a new, ..while the""
roads are comparatively good, the work'
can bo done much cheaper than In the
winter, and labor Is also icheaper now,
while so many contractors are Idle, than
It will be later on.
Judge Gray states that ho thinks the
people who are asking for this particular
Improvement should also Join In keeping
up all of those roads and not confine
their efforts to the road this side of the
bridge. No doubt some Intelligent andi
practical solution of the question will be
found when all parties are together.
NIAGARA a T V ORK.
The Philadelphia Ledger nays: "The
Electric Power Works at Niagara have
at last been turned .to actual ue, the
current from a 5000 horso-power dynamo
having been transmitted to the Pittsburg
Reduction Company's works. (August
23.) The current sent out Is an' alternat
ing one, of high voltage, which can ba
transmitted over a relatively small wire.
At the works it is transfonn;d by Im
menso rotary transformers (virtually mo
tor and generator combined )lnto a cur
rent direct of lower voltage. This 5 000
horse-power dynumo is only one of three
that have been completed. Provision fas
also been made for the erection of twenty
of this size. They give more than their
rated capacity, and since changes have
been made In their bearings, work In a
perfectly satisfactory manner. As they
will compete with coal In ono of the
cheapest markets In the world, their suc
cess will stimulate the use of large water
powers where coal Is dear.
From the East Is Whait the American
Mechanic Will Fear Some Day.
(New York Press.)
Congressman D. H. Mercer, of Ne
braska, has spent a few months In Jan.
an studying Oriental affairs. Ho expects
to do considered the best-posted man in
the next congress on Japan and tho East.
He thinks that ono of the evils that
the United States will have to guard
against within the next few years Is
the enormous iipubf ot cheap labor in
Japan and China.'
"Labor Is so cheap," said Congress
man 'Mercer to a San Francisco reporter
soon after reaching this country, "that
the Oriental' countries will 'begin to com
pete before long with tho world In man
ufactures. There Is a Britisher In Japan
who is showing the Japanese how to mix
cotton with wool. They are rapidly
learning that Yankee trick, and It won't
be long before all their silk fabrics wilt
bo adulterated. At Hongkong a tramway
has been built up tho side of a mountain
1,400 feet high. It cost $100,000. It would
have cost $1,000,000 In this country. There
Is a factory at Kobe, Japan, where little
children from 5 years of ago are employ
ed in muklng matches. We can't com
pete with that. .Japan could supply the
whole world with matches If she desired.
"Japan and China, though, offer great
Inducements to Americans as a direct
result of the recent war. Both are going
in for manufacturing, and enterprising
men of means can go over and make
barrels of money easier than at any
other place in the 'world I know of at
Various national debts were refunded
last year to tho cxt nt of $2,roo.xM,010.
nnfl the favlng effected in interest was
w 9 aMvvww.
' af m