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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (May 4, 1890)
I I HI It 1 lirani 1 1M-jyasBA--5:j MI Oilr lil ii 11 ill 111
VOL.XXX1V,. NO I0.
ASTORTA, OREGON, SUNDAY, MAY .1. IS90.
PRJE FIVE CENTS
A Bill to Protect and Breefl lie
rntnx ueatii.sexator reck
Spooal l California ASon vTKU l'ltf.s.
Washington, May :. The house
public lauds committee to-tlay favor
ably reortel on the bill for the pro
tection of the American bison or
bmTalo. The reirt accompanying
the bill says that in 1S71 there w;is in
exKteuee a Miij-k- herd or i00,00i), but
by vrauton ami cruel treatment the
American buffalo of the plains has
been almost exterminated, so that now
there an scarcely "200 in the country.
llv the terms of the bill that part of
Xo Mans Land" and Stansbury,
Dolph. Guuuison and Carrinston
Islands, in the great Salt Lake, arc
set aside and reserved from sale for
twenty years, for the purpose of
propogatmj; the bnffalo and for the
farther purioe of experimenting in
crossing the same with domestic cattle.
For thus urKc these lands are
leased to ,T. C Jones, of Garden City,
with provision that his buffalo herd of
eighty head, and cross-breeds, be
placed thereon. The sum of $30,000
is appropriated for the pnrKse of tit
ling up the reservation.
la iter lHtcrcl of Commerce.
Special to Til K ASTORIA N.l
"Washington, May 3. In the senate
te-lay Senator Squire, of Washing
ton, introduced a hill to provide ad
ditional lights on Puget Sound and
Am OlymplR. National EZauk.
Special to The aVtokian.
Washington, May l. The follow
ing named national bank has this day
been authorized to commence business:
The Capital National Bank, at Olym
pia, with a capital of 100,000; presi
dent. F. Wade; cashier, C. J. Lord.
kuddtH Drath or Senator James
Keck, of Kentucky.
SjKsnJ toTllK AsTOKtAN.I
Washington, May :$. Senator Jas.
Beck of Kentucky dropped dead at
the Baltimore and Potomac railroad
depot in this city, a few minutes after
four o'clock this afternoon. Senator
Beck was returning from New York
city and had just htepped from the
cars, when he fell to the lloor. His
death pnuiably resulted from the
failure of the heart's action.
Sil cr Legislation.
Iccia! toTlIK AMVKIAN
Washington, May "$. The Be
publican senate silver caucius com
mittee held a conference this afternoon
and tried to reach some agreement on
behalf of the silver bill to be reported
as a substitute for the Jones bill, which
conies np on Wednesday. The dis
enssiou hinged on the question of re
demption of bullion certificates in ab
bolnte legal tender lawful money, at
the discretion of the secretary of the
treasury. After two hours discussion
it was evident that no agreement could
be reached and the committee ad
journed. Out ef Rckpect to the Dead.
Special to Tin: Astoui ax.1
Washington, May 3. Immediately
upon receipt in the capitol of the news
of senator Beck's death, tho senate
and house adjourned.
ttrauttMK the Kigut of Way.
Secial to The Astoriax
Washington, May 3. In the senate
to-day Allen introduced a bill grant
ing the Northern PaciGc and Yakima
Navigation company the right of way
through the Yakima Indian reserva
tion in Washington.
Introduced in tin House, Too.
Special toTllK ASTOK1AX.1
Washington, May 3. In the house
to-day Wilson, of Washington, intro
duced a bill granting the right of way
to the Northern Pacific and Yakima
county through the Yakima Indian res
ervation in Washington.
A Change In Postmasters.
Sedal to The AstokUn.1
Wasiiixgtox, May 3. Postmasters
have leen changed as follews: E. O.
Shea, at Miles, Lincoln county, Wash.,
vjoe 1L McCook, "removed.
Twe Merc I.lfc Saving Station.
Special to The Astoriax.
Wasiiixgtox, May 3. The senate
this afternoon passed a bill for two ad
ditional life-saving stations on the Ore
gon coast; one at the mouth of Bogue
river and the other at Port Orford.
Special toTllK Astokiak.)
Washington, May 3. Oregon pen
sions, granted issue of April 22, 1890,
original invalid, Jas. L. S. Rossil, Tur
ner. Mexican survivor, Samuel D.
Paitscd the IleiiKC.
Special to Thk Astouian.
Washington, May 3. The house
to-day passed Hie diplomatic and con
sular appropriation bill.
A an investment, lot- in KINDRED PARK offer
rare inducements to purchasers. The inevitable ad
vance will double anil treble their value within the
next six months.
Mcf'IlI'ARY VERSUS ZtlcKIATTBY.
A Kentucky Opinion of the Tariff
.tct'ds of the Country.
Special to Tiik Astoriax.
Wasiiixgtox, May 3. In the house
to-day Representative McCreary, of
Kentucky, introduced a resolution de
claring that it was American policy to
foster closer relations with foreign
countries, and to this end such tariff
laws should be enacted as were cal
culated to promote the interchange of
commodities between the United
States and foreign countries.
McCreary declared that the tariff
bill reported by the Republicans was
entirely at variance with such profes
sions and policy as were outlined by
the pan American conference, and
that such Republican professions were
mere show in the face of Mclunley's
Want to Limit the Debate.
Special to The astoriax.
Washington-, May 3. --The house
Democratic leaders are making efforts
to obtain a sufficient number of
pledges from the Republicans to a
proposition limiting the general de
bate on the tariff bill to ten days.
They claim to-night that they have
secured the necessary number of
WHCKF IS HLAIXE?
Outrageous Conduct of New
Special to Tiik Astoui n 1
Gloucester, Mass., May 3. Tho
excitement and indignation over the
seizure of the schooner Howard Hol
brook by Newfoundland officials, in
creased this afternoon by the receipt
of a telegram, that despite his protests
the captain had been dragged into
court and all hands found guilty; the
captain being lined $00, and the
vessel aud cargo, valued at S7,000 was
Raw Wool Too High Tor Them.
Special to The Avtohian."
SrniXGriELD, Mass., May 3. Pat
rick E. Wall V; Co., large worsted
manufacturers and owners of the Ham
den mills, filed insolvency papers to te
day: tho liabilities are heavy: the
cause of the failure is the stiff price of
Forsaken by Her Husband.
SjiPcial to Tiik Astoria:.
Nr.w York, May 3. The Mail and
Express, says Mrs. James G. Blaine,
jr., is about to abaudon all hope. She
has not been out of her sick room iu
many months and the most of the
time has been in bed. Her leg is still
in a plaster c:ist No word has come
from her recreant husband or family.
There have been times when poverty
crossed the threshhold and she would
have suffered for the actual necessaries
of life hut for the interposition of
Whitewashed the IScau Haters-.
Special to The avtoriaX.
Boston, May 3. The contest 1k
tween the Brotherhood teams made
an interesting game here to-day, the
Philadelphia completely cutting the
locals out. The weather was good,
but attendance poor. Score Boston
0, Philadelphia fl.
Philadclphias Win Agruiu.
Special to The Astoriax.
Philadelphia, May 3. The Bean
Eaters of Players club were defeated by
the local team here to-daj by poor work
at tho beginning. In tho game the
locals made five runs in the first
inning wliile the visitors were asleep.
The attendance was poor. Score
Philadelphia 8. Boston G.
Tcrrc Haute t'ocs Wild Over
Spcci.il to The Astouian.'
Terre Haute, Ind., May 3. --This
city is wild to-night with excitement.
The streets are crowded with people
witnessing the parades: fireworks and
display and listening to the music of
several bands. The occasion is a
jollification over the oilwell gusher,
which was struck this afternoen: no
estimate has yet been given of the flow
by owners of the pipe lines which is
being laid and tankage built to take
care of the product The well pro
mises to be the most important yet
struck iu Indiana. The original
gusher is a year old to-morrow, and
flowed without cessation during the
Special to The astoriax.
Pittsburg, May 3. In the game
between Buffalo and Pittsburg, of
players, the locals nearly succeeded in
shutting the visitors out of the game,
and were only prevented by poor play
ing in the fifth inning, when the visit
ors scored a couple of runs. After the
fifth inning the game was listless.
Score Pittsburg C, Buffalo 2.
Dad for Drooklyn.
Special to Tiik Astorian.
Brooklyn, May. The local team,
players league, was ignominously de
feated to-day by the Metropolitans
from across the river, who commenced
by scoring four lively runs in the first
inning. The Brooklyii3 did not wake
up until the sixth inning. The visitors
made seventeen base hits. Score
Brooklyn 4; New lrork 13.
Forging the Links of a Grand
TO REALIZE HIS EARLY DREAMS
Specl.-tl bv California Associated 1'iiKas.
New York, May 3. Jas. McCann,
keeper of the Central park restaurant,
who recently made an extended accu
sation of corruption against mayor
Hugh Grant, of this city, bos3 Groker,
of Tammany, the Hall wing of the
New York Democracy, and other
prominent members of Tammany, a
few days since, continued his testi
mony before the Fassctt investigating
New allegations were made of which
the substance is that Croker had
evolved a scheme to receive 10 cents
per barrel on every barrel of cement
to be used in the new Croton aquc-1
duct and other public works now iu j
process of constructien: that is if he
could corrupt the New York city al
dermen with his S180,000 in the rati
fication of the nomination of mayor
Grant as public works commissiener:
and also that he made a confession
that he would take the Broadway sur
face road bribes, had he not been re
st mined by Croker.
The witness expressed the opinion
that mayor Grant was a disgrace to
There is great excitement among all
the politicians of all classes over the
This afternoon mayor Grant and ex
mayor Edson testified lefore the in
vestigating committee. Grant con
tradicted McCann on all essential
points. Edson denied any knowl
edge of the proposed deal to make
Grant commissioner of public works
during his (Edson's) administration.
Threatened Calamity Averted.
Special to The Astoru.VJ
Chicago, May 3. Tho threatened
strike of waiters and restaurant men
was settled this morning, the bosses
acceding to the demands.
Murdered for JHoncy.
-"pedal to The Astoriax.
Baltimore, May 3. Mrs. Sarah
Banoy, aged seventy, and daughter
Caroline, aged forty-five, were found
dead in bed this morning. Their
skulls were crushed aud the lodies
badly mutilated, the grandson, "William
Baney has been arrested on suspicion.
The cause of the murder is supposed
to be robbery, as nine hundred dollars
A magnificent Structure.
Special to The Astoui vn.
St. Louis, May 3. The opening
of the new street railroad bridge to
day was participated in by nearly
everylxdy. A public holiday hal
been declared by tho mayor. Tho
structure, with approaches is two
miles long and tho cost was SG.OOt),
000. Cyclone on the West Const.
Special to Tiik Asronus
New York, May 3. The Mari
time Exchange iu this city, this af
ternoon received a dispatch to the ef
fect that much damage had been done
at Montevideo, by a cyclone.
I! timed at the Wharf.
Special to run Astoriax.
Beedville, Va., May 3. The
steamer J da Augusta with freight
from Baltimore, was burned at the
wharf here to-day: no lives were lost
Brilliant Hall Playing.
Special to The Astor:ax.
Cleveland, Ohio, May 3. The
Cleveland and Pittsburg League teams
played their first game of the series
here to-day. Throughout the progress
of the game a number of brilliant
plays were made, particularly running
catches of fouls by Veatch aud Miller.
The weather was threatening from
the start and during the game rain
fell, but not iu sufficient amount to
stop tho plav. The score stood Cleve
land 3, Pittsburg. 3.
The Diamond Field.
Special to The Astorian.j
Brooklyn, May 3. In the National
game here to-day the local team drove
the New Yorkers to tho wall by bunch
ing balls in the first and fourth
innings, scoring three in each. Score
- Brooklyn 7, New York 3.
To be Finally Settled.
Special to The Astorian.
Chicago, May 3. On Monday
morning the wages and apprentice
system held in abeyance will come up
for further settlement
The Western Ilailread Situation.
Special to The Astorian.
Chicago, May 3. Tho western rail
road situation is caused by sweeping
reduction in the rnbw of thr Ornt.
Northern, but it is believed that that
wui oe satisiactoniy adjusted at the
western railroad nresidpnts mppKnir
next Monday. Tice-President God-
uara couia not De seen to-day regard
ing rumor of his resignation.
JTIiners Strike Settled.
Special to The Astorian
Terre Haute, Ind., May 3. The
miners strike was settled satisfactorily
this morning at 70 cents.
VILIjARD'S big buy.
IIi Transcontinental Dream
Mayat Last be Realized.
Special to The Astorian.I
Chicago, May 3. It is given out on
good authority that the Chicago and
Great Western railroad aud Calumet
terminal railroad has been purchased
to-day by Henry Villard and the
Northern Pacific railway company for
thirty million dollars. " Securities to
the amount of something over the
purchase price will be issued against
the property thus acquired after suffi
cient time lias elapsed to perfect the
details of these great transactions.
The property included in the sale con
sists of the" follewing: Calumet and
Chicago terminal road consisting of
thirty miles of track; Chicago and
Great "Western road, which controls
one hundred and forty acres of laud
in Cicero and Chicago worth S10.000,
000. The company also owns a depot
valued at one million dollars here.
Of the transactions the Economist
says: "This marks a tremendous ad
vance in the plans and operations of
that great corporation, the Northern
Pacific Railroad company. While
nothing can yet be said positively, it
looks decidedly as if Villard was
pushing forward toward the realiza
tion of his dream of a great transcon
tinental line extending from ocean to
ocean. It is believed that Villard will
personally acquire considerable inter
est in the" property in and arouudEat
THE STRIKE IX CHICAGO.
The men Generally Carrying
Out Their Demands.
Special to The Astorian j
CniCAGO, May 3.- The prospect for
settlement in the planing mill and
lumber district, where 10,000 men are
out on strike, is very flattering. This
morningsixof the largest firms acceded
to the demands made by the strikers,
and tho men resumed work in full
At McCormick's reaper works the
men say the reason that they went
back to work is because they were not
organized. It is possible that they
will make an effort to organize to-day
and go on strike next Monday.
About 2,000 marble cutlers in there
tail yards went on strike this morning,
demanding eight hours as a day's
The delegation waiting upon the
Malleable Iron Works Company this
morning have received a written reply
that the business of the company at
this time will not warrant any advance
in wages. The molderswill get out.
Au I'ltimatttui to Dahomey's
Siierial to Tin: Astorian.j
New York, May 3. -An ultimatum
has been sent the king of Dahomey to
the effect that nnleshe surrenders the
French merchants and other Euro
peans whom he holds as prisoners,
bombardment will be resumed on the
5th and kept up until the town is de
stroyed. This caused a panic among
the troops of the king who quit the
river, and encamped near Porto
CHICAGO WHKAT .llARIif"T.
"Old Hiilch" Starts the f'rirrs
Special io The Astoi:a.v
Chicago, May 3. This was the big
gest day of the year in wheat on
change. The opening was very wild;
Hutchinson at once lccame a very
heavy buyer. His brokers kept it up
all day. An hour before the close
May uheat closed at one dollar, an
advance of five cents from the opening;
it closed at 93. June sold at OS'o, u
advance of six cents from the quota
tions of last night .Inly, iu which
heavy trading was done, was up to
SU?4 "cents. There is no corner in
Determined in Detroit.
Special to The Asroiti vv.l
Detroit, May 3. Two hundred
sash door and blind hands struck this
morning and now 1,800 men are out
If necessary to enforce the carpenters
demands the trades, which are very
stronglv allied in this citv, will call
8,000 men out
Large Warehouse Burned.
Special to The Ajtorian-.
Chicago, May 3. The large ware
house of the Mattoon Furniture com
pany was entirely destroyed by fire,
late this evening. The warehouse
was filled with furniture, and the fire
is of incendiarv origin. Loss SG3
000. What Caused the Advance.
Special to The Astorian.
CnrcAGO, May 3. The wild boom in
wheat in change to-day was caused by
bad crop reperts: July advanced 1
cents and May wheat 5J cents: every
The First Step.
lVihaps yon are run down, can't eat,
can't sleep, can't think, can't do any
thing to your satisfaction, aud you
wonder what ails you. You should
heed the warning, on are taking the
first step into Nervous Prostration.
You need a Nerve Tonic and in Elec
tric Bitters j-ou will find th. exact rem
edy for restoring your nervous system
to iLs normal, healthy condition. Sur
prising results follow tho use or tins
great Nerve Tonic and Alterative.
Your appetite returns, good digestion
is lestored, and the Liver and Kidneys
resume healthv action. Try a bottle.
Price 50c, at J. W. Conn's drug store.
Adjoining "New Astoria" on the East!
Transient Chinese Try to Corrupt
an Inspector fitli Gold,
JiUT TJIEY ARE ARRESTED.
Special by Tho California Associvtei 1'ukmS.
San Francisco, May :J. A Chiuese
passenger on the steamer Gaelic who
was, in transit to Mexico was arrested
this morning on complaint of customs
inspector ,T. E. "Williams, who charged
him with having offered him S200 to
permit the prisoner and two com
panions to laud in this city. "Williams
accepted fifty dollars on account from"
the Chinaman to use as evideuce
against him. Then he arrested him.
He also states that after it was
known on board among the other
Chinese passengcra that he was willing
formonctary consideration to land the
Chinese, numerous other offers were
made him, aud that the China
men in the cour?e of the
negotiations, stated that they
would rather bribe the officials here
to l.ind them than to be carried to
Mexico and have to work their way
:.cro.vS the border into this country, as
it was much cheaper and saved con
siderable time. This exiio of Chi
nese methods is looked upon as a very
important one, .is it clearly brings out
tho fact that Chinese go to Mexico
with the only purpose of subsequently
entering this country in an illegal
5Ie Will Eventually Arrive.
;"leci:il to Fm: astoi:i: I
San Francisco. May 3. The Chi
nese briber who was anested on the
steamer Uadii was released this after
noon, as it was decided by the custom
house authorities thai as the China
man was on board a "British vessel
when he was arrested he was not with
in the jurisdiction of the United States.
The Chinaman snlwequcntly sailed for
Mexico on the steamer ColLma.
S'rttlcd and Elismissed.
Sjitvi.il to I'nu Asro;:is 1
San Frvncisto, May 5. The case of
Itichnrd II. McDonald against Leland
Stanford has been stricken from the
calendar in Judge Levy's court. The
action was brought to recover 1,221,
000 as tho value of twenty shares of
Central Pacific "Kailwny Co.'s stock.
This is the stock which Senator Stan
ford purchased from Mrs. Clara Hello
McDonald, wife of II. If. McDonald,
Jr., for 10,000, and which btock Dr.
McDonald claimed was purloined from
him and his name endorsed thereon by
forgery. It is understood that Senator
Stanford settled McDonald's claim.
Spcci.iU Tn k Astorian.
Eur. csi", Or.. May 1. -The temper
ance lalwr parly held a countv con
vention here to-day and made the fol
lowing nominatiens: Slate senator,
A. J. Znmwalt; representatives, Joseph
McLean, A. J. Caldwell and S. 13.
Morse. They adopted the union plat
form that was adopted by the state
convention at Oregon City, April Dili.
Ittounuiciit fs IMnrsIiull.
Special toTu Asrrum iv.l
Coloi:, Cal., May 3. -The Cali
fornia monument of James W. Mar
shall, who was first to discover gold
in California was unveiled here to-day
with imposing ceremonies.
BIAS KKAfIIi:i .-YIOVI'ANA
Determined Strike of Laborers.
Special to Tiik Astorian.
Birrrn, Mont., May 3. -There is
likely to be a general movement among
laborers in this to advance dav wages
from S2.50 to S3 a day. The first
overt signs of it were made apparent
to-day, when laborers who wcro dig
ging for a foundation on East Broad
way, made a stand for that advance,
and not receiving it, quit work and
sent a delegation to another gang dig
ging for a foundation at the gas works
at South Buttt, and persuaded them
to quit on refusal fornsimilardemand.
A good deal of building is projected
for the comiug season, ani if this
movement among the laborers becomes
general, it may retard a good deal or
buildiug. It is understood that the
knights of labor are at the back of the
movements and as they are affiliated
with the miners unien: which is in
vincible in this section, the result is a
First ('tin nf tlic Campaign.
Special to Tin: Astokian.J
Medfokd, Or., May 3. Hon. B. A.
Miller, Democratic nominee for con
gress, and A. LeRoy, Democratic nom
inee for state school superintendent,
opened the campaign in Oregon by
addressing the citizens of Jacksonville
Another l'rizc Fight.
Special to Tiik Astouian.
Virginia City, Xev.. May 3. Billy
Kcogh knocked out Billy Fell in a
twenty-round light in this city this
evening. The. fight lasted twenty
seven rounds, aud was a tamo affair.
About S3,000 was staked upon the re
sult, three-fourths of which will go to
WHAT A VISITOR TIIIXKS
Of the Railroad Future of
Special to The Astoriax.
San Francisco, May 3. A gentle
man who recently returned from tho
Northwest, speaking of railroad build
ing there, said: "There is a great deal
of rivalry between Portland and
Astoria. The Union Pacific will go
into Astoria soon ; the Southern
Pacific is said to contemplate
building there also. "When the railroads
get there it will make Astoria a great
competitor of Portland for ocean com
merce, because it is tho only place on
the Columbia river where deep-water
vessels can go.
'I do not want to belittle Portland.
It will be a great city because it com
mands all agricultural resources of
the great northwest."
Special to Thk Astouian.
Tombstone, A.T., May 3. A. B.
Gage, superintendent of the Grand
Ccutral mining company, of Tomb
stone, has just returned from Sonora,
and reports that tho Apache Indians
captured the sixteen mule teams of
J. E. Durkec of this place, burning
wagons and freight and running off
the mules. Great fear exists among
the inhabitants that iu this section
which of late became rather thickly
settled further depredations may tako
place. A party of Mexican troops
took up the trail of the renegades and
recaptured the mules.
A HEAVY SLIT.
"ot Very Iiikcly to lc Successful.
Special to Thk Astouian J
New York, May 3. A suit for the
recovery of S100.000 commissions from
the Oregon Improvement Company is
threatened. Frederick "W. Gade went
to Europe last December with what
was practically an option on 10,000,
000 worth of consolidated mortgage
bonds at 93 cents. Before the
privilege expired, the price was
reduced to 90 cents. At this
price Gade was not able to complete
negotiations, and no bonds were sold
under the agreement. The officers of
the improvement company had not
received notice of the suit to-day.
President Smith said Gade had
sent a letter to the company, threaten
ing to bring the suit. He added af
ter reading the original centract: "If
Gade thinks he can recover commis
sions because he had an option on
bonds which he could not exercise, he
is welcome to my money. I do not
think a suit has been begun."
Another Iiiuc to Mexico.
Special to Tiik Astouian.
New York, May 3. It is reported
that the object of Goulds visit to
Mexico, was to ascertain if it would
pay to connect he Texas and
Pacific railroad with the city of
Mexico by building a connecting line
from si point 200 milos west of Fort
Worth to the terminus of the Mexican
Xo Rioting Permitted in Spain.
peci.il to Thk Asroui.v.v.j
Madrid, May 3. The strikers as
sumed a threatening attitude and as
sembled in thousands. Tho troops
endeavored to disperse them, but met
with n stout resistence. Several revol
ver shots were fired at tho soldiers, who
replied with a volley. The mob then
scattered at the point of the bayonet.
Three strikers who were shot are ser
iously wounded and many wero ar
rested. The strikers were sentenced
to imprisonment for life at hard
labor for wounding the police
man. Fivo others were sentenced to
ten years each at hard labor
for attempting to preveut others
from going to work. To-night the
strikers assembled in the bull ring
and marched with band and banners
through the principal streets. The
men gave cheers for the authorities,
and behaved orderlv.
ISoitlaiiger Not doing to France.
London, May 3. In an interview
to-night with Gen. Bonlanger at the
Isle of Jersey, the general said ho had
no intention of returning to France at
AthliliomilTelt'ijraph on Fourth Puge
Children Hry for Pitcher's Castoria
PThca Babj was sick, -o favo her Castoria.
iVhen she ras a Child, sho cried for Castoria,
tVbcn she becamo Miss, sho clung to Castoria,
Vhen she bod Children, she gave them Castorig
And Free Lunch at the Telephone Sa
loon, 3 cents.
Ludlow's Ladies' $3.00 Fine Shoes;
also flexible hand-turned French Kids,
at P. J. Goodman's.
THE KEV. GEO. II. TIIAYEK, of
Bourbon, Ind., says: "Both myself ami
wife owe our lives toShilohs Consump
tion Cure will give immediate relief.
Price, 10 cts., r0 cts. and 1, at J. U. De
SOMETHING ABOUT BUOYS.
How ani Where Used, ani How
Tliey May Be Distingnlsliefl.
IXTERESTIXG I'ARTIC UTjA RS.
Everybody who litis ever traveled on
the water has observed various kinds
of buoys and stakes in rivers, harbors
and on the ocean near the shore, yet
bnt few persons except sailors have
any correct idea as to what they are
for, and how they are designated. It
will be tho purpose of this article to
give some correct information on the
subject in such a manner as to le of
interest to the general reador.
In coming in from tho ocean, the
buoys on tho starboard or right side
are painted red and are even-numbered,
while those on the port or left
side are black and are odd-numbered.
Tho principal channels are marked
by nun buoys, secondary channels by
can buoys, and minor channels by spar
buoys. Nun buoys are conical shaped
and peaked, while can buoys are Hat
on top, as if part of the cone had been
cut oil. Those which are painted with
red and black horizontal stripes are
placed on obstructions in channels, and
may bo passed on either side. Those
with white and black perpendicular
stripes are always in mid-channel and
vessels should pass close to them to
avoid danger. Spar buovs are. as
their name indicates, simply a spar or
A whistling buoy is of iron, sur
mounted Avith a whistle like that on
steam engines, and so constructed
that the whistle is blown by the ac
tion of the sea forcing the air up
through it, and giving twenty to
thirty blasts per minute.
A first class nun buoy weighs 3,090
pounds, second class 1,190 and third
class 500 pounds. A first class can
buoy weighs 3,500 pounds, and the
second and third clas3 are graduated
down about the same as the nuns. A
bell buoy, which is surmounted by a
bell, rung by the action of the waves,
weighs 3,740 pounds, while a first class
whistling buoy is the heaviest of all,
weighing 5,670 pounds.
Among those taken out by the
steamer Manzanita on Friday, to be
placed in positiou, was a first class
whistling buoy, which will be located
near Fox rock, off Port Orford reef,
near the southern boundary of this
state. It will bo located -where the
water is 30 fathoms or 180 feet in
depth. To thi3 will be attached 90
fathoms or 540 feet of chain, and at
the other end of the chain is a stone
sinker, iron bound, which weighs
This sinker rests upon the bottom,
and also alxmt one hundred and eighty
feet of 1) iuch chain. Above this
comes ninety feet of 2-inch chain, and
the balance of two hundred and
seventy feet is 1 inch chain.
Most of the latter "is constantly
swinging and swaying in the
water, and tho small chain next the
sinker is generally lying quiet on the
bottom. But that portion of the
chain which is generally rubbing and
grinding on the bottom is subjected
to the most wear, and therefore tho
heavier chain is used for this purpose
as it lasts much longer.
The smaller chain weighs 1,700
pounds to ever 15 fathoms, (the
usual length in which these chains are
made) and the two-inch chain weighs
3.650 pounds to every 15 fathoms, con
sequently the wliistling buoy complete
as located on Fox rock is remarkably
heavy, weighing nearly eleven tons,
as follews: buoy 5,670 pounds, one
length heavy chain 3,650, fivo lengths
light chain 8,500, and sinker 3,500
The manner of placiug these buoys
is peculiar and interesting. The six
lenghths of chain are riveted together,
one end fastened to the buoy and the
other to the sinker. The chain is laid
along tho gangway back and forth, so
that as it runs out it will come straight
without twisting or crossing. Then,
when the vessel has neared the locality,
the sinker is suspended over tho side
of the ship, where it can instantly be
cut loose, and the buoy is hung over
the rail ready to Imj dropped.
The steamer is slowed down, and when
all is in readiness and the proper place
is reached, the captain is at Iris post
on the bridge by the pilot house, the
first mate on the deck superintending
the work, and the order is given. Down
goes the one and three quarter-ton
sinker, aud with lightning like rapid
ity the chain rushes after it, running
over the iron rail while the friction
causes the sparks to lly as if from
red hot iron hammered on an
anvil. The second mate with his men
all in readiness receives the command
in due time, before all the chain has
rushed out, and overboard goes the
buoy. As the chain jerks it down
partially under water, it "bob3 up
serenely" and there it is in place, to
remain until the chain may possibly
break in a few years, or it be taken up
to be cleaned or paiuted.
The setting and resetting of the
hundreds of buoys along this coast, as
well as tending to the numerous light
stations from the southern boundary
of Oregon to the northern boundary
of "Washington and Alaska territory, is
the work of the steamer Manzanita,
and when the work is con
The Land is almost entirely cleared and lies per
fectly level, jnst slope enough to afford a good
Best water frontage on the River.
lur greater magniiuae ana more
extensive in its details than the
ordinary person would ever deem
And now, reader, if you have read
this article, you may possibly have a
better idea of the objects and uses of
buoys than you had before, and will
readily imagine that beneath the
floating signal which you see above
the waves there is quite a narrative
The National Game.
The base ball contest at Fort Canby
to-day will bo between two Astoria
teams, the Astoriasand theColmnbias,
made up as follews:
Virginia Catcher. .Tattle
Kelly... Pitcher . Noyes.
Kyan S. Stop G.Trullinger.
Denny lstllase Y. Grant.
ltawlings 2nd " Binder.
Buchter. 3rd " Parker.
Grant h. field nay.
leeley. , u. " ..tt.ciiuton.
Ieesle K. j. Grant.
It is expected that a large number
of people will go over on tho Gen.
Canby tliis morning at nine o'clock,
as it will be a delightful trip, aside
from the interest one might have in
watchiug tho game. It -will also be
the last day of the present garrison at
the fort, for Major Egan and the
troops start eastward to-morrow.
Opium Fiends Captured.
Officers Larsen and Beasleymade
a raid on an opium joint soon after
one o'clock this morning, and captured,
the Celestials and their outfit. Their
names are Ah Sing, Ah Joe and Ah
Chow. Bather than snend the
night in Barry's hotel they
put five dollars each as a de
posit for their appearance on Monday
afternoon in the police court. It is
not very likely that Judge Jewett will
see their "smile, which is childlike and
bland'' to-morrow, nor is it probable
they will ever again behold the fifteen
big dollars they put up. Surely the
life of an opium devotee is "not a
Off For Alaska.
The steamer CityofTopeka is ex
pected here to-morrow on her way to
the fishing regions of Alaska. She
will take quite a number from here,
iuclnding B. A. Scaborgs crew, who
go to Labasha Bay and Hugh Mur
ray and crew, who go to the Chilcat
river for the Chilcat Canning com
pany. A number of fishing boats,
nets and supplies will also be tafien.
Thanks to the Band.
Words cannot express the feelings
of gratitude felt by the K. of P. Dra
matic Association to TJtzingers orches
tra, who so generously "assisted us in
making the play a success. For the
present we simply thank you, gentle
men, with the assurance that we will
remember you in the future.
A. A. CiiEVELAND, President.
Herman Wise, Secretary.
TIte 3fcw Discovery.
You have heard your friends and neigh
bors talking about it. You may your
self be one of the many who know from
personal experience just how good a
thing it is. If you have ever tried it. you
are one of its staunch friends, because
the wonderful thing about it is, that
when once given trial, Dr. King's New
Discovery ever after holds a place in
the hoube. If you have never used it
and should be afflicted with a cough,
cold or any Throat, Lung or Chest
trouble, secure a bottle at once and give
it a fair trial. It is guaranteed every
time, or money refunded. Trial Bottles
Free at J. W. Conn's Drugstore.
All tho patent medicines advertlseu
in this paper, together with the choicest
perfumery, and toilet articles etc.. can
be bought at the lowest prices at J. V.
Conn's drug store, opposite Occident
This powder never vanes, A marvel of
purity, strength and wholesonienesa. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and can
not be sold in competition with tho multi
tude or low test, short weight, alum or phos
Bliate powders. Sold only in cans. Koyai.
a kino PowdkkCo. 100 V'all-st.. J, Y.
Lkwis M. Johnson & Co., Agents, Port
sidered it is found to be