Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (April 27, 1890)
Ill jfoftl? gjtfforfatt.
. Al'KII.-T.lO ,
THE EOMAtfOE OP IDAHO.
The State TCas Named For a Pretty
Little Indian Girl.
In the autumn of 1S63 I resided in I
Twenty-second street, New York, i
ays Dr. Edward P. Roche in the Bos
toil Journal. A genial fellow boarder i
was a geutlemau of forty-five years, j
who was putting some mining stock j
on the market. Hi" name was Cole, '
aud he claimed the distinction of hav-1
log for initials three Cs C. C. Cole I
-of being ouo of the first members
f cougress from the new territory j
aud of receiving the largest mileage
ever paid to a member of congress
over 610,000 his mileage being com
puted from Idaho to San Francisco,
thonce (around the Horn) by way of
New York to Washington. He was a
pioneer from New York, and for a
time kept a trading store at Fort
One evening the tr.tuge name of
the new territory bscanic a subject of
comment, and Mr. Cole gave me the
following acconut of how the name
came to be adopted, and also the se
lected moaning, or rather the mean
ing which he aud o!her.- concluded
t :ive a the Indian word's transla
tion. One bright morning about ten
o'clock, in company with another
gdaUetuan i:toroted in the govern
taoitt f the territor., while riding
oversown lumen mountain top, or
rather lulls. Hit road beeam so rough
s to coimjhI tin lowest traveling.
As they ploued on, the name for the
xok- territory became the topic of
com vernation. While talkiug over the
various ii.-uin they suggested, they
came to the lop f a small plateau, on
the farther edge of which stood an
Indian hovel or cabin.
The utter loneliness of Ihespotsng
gested to the travelers that they had
conic upon the hiding place of some
outlaw, of whom the country then
Unnstcd a great number. Just before
they reached, but while in plain view
of the cabin, an Indian woman eauio
out aud called out several times in a
high .spirited far-reaching voice the
word Idaho. The tono was a com
bination of those of the Swiss yedeler,
the Spanish ludiau and .Louisiana
negroes, and as was supposed, a call
to the squaw's husband. The sound
of the voice, as given by Mr. Cole,
and h iiad been familiar with the
liulmus for Mune years, was Eh dah-hoo-on
oo; a drop from the first K, a
long a, almost as if ah ah. and a mu
sical, long drawn out duelling on the
ho, using the full force nf the lungs
in expiration aud crescendo.
The i-quau's call was an -wered by
the sudden appearance of an Indian
girl about 11 ears of age She w.is
clean and hotter looking than mest
of her race. The inference of both
Mr. Cole and Ins companion was that
Idaho KM? th girl's iiani. aud the
ulen of adopting it a- the name of the
uew territory ticcnrred h bolh men
lit about the same liin Mr. Cole
claiming to be the fir-it to speak.
All efforts to find the English of
the word resulted in failure, and
fi-villy. in consideration of the se
aad the urround:ngJ of the Indian
whose mm hid helped solve the
Hfiinultv in finding one for the terri
tory, that of ''(.'Jem of the Mountains"
was decided upon. The real meaning
or the word Mr. Cole never knew.
As the Indians name their children
from physical peculiarities or circim
?tn:ices occurring at their birth, and
as the child was born ab int daylight,
the translation of Light on tho
Mountaii.s was tir.t deemed a good
one, but its fitness as a name for the
territory had to give way to the more
appropriate one T '(lem of the
Mountains." which was given to con
gress as tie translation of the Indian
I narra! the lale as I got it. from
Mr. Ode, and add what at the time I
aggcsled to him that tho territory
erect a monument on the spot where
the name was selected and as an
amendment, that Joaquin Miller, the
poet of the Sierras, write the inscrip
tions. SYRIA'S BEAHHFL SLAVES-
The Arduous and Barbaric Duties of the
Wives of the Bible Lands.
There are grand women iu Arabia;
women or ability, keen in insight aud
wonderful capabilities. The duties of
the wife of a Syrian to-day arc as fol fel fol
eows: She brings all the water for family
use from a distant well. This is ac
complished by filling immense jars
and briuging them upon her head.
She rises early and goes to the hand
xuill of the village carrying corn,
enongh of which for the day's bread
she grinds by a slow, laborious pro
cess. This she carries home and
cooks iu an oven, which is made in
the earth. It is a round hole, liued
with oval and Hat stones, and healed
by a fire built iu it When the bread
is mixed with water aud a little salt,
she removes the ashes atd plasters
pats of dongh agaiust the hot stones
to cook. Could anything bu more
She cares for her children --usually
a large family and docs all the
rough work at intervals, while the
hnsbaud calmly smoke3 his "argelle"
or sits cross-legged upon his divan or
housetop iu converse with some
equally haul working member of Sy
The houses are made of a coarse
stouo roughly hewu. The housetops
are of clay covered with coarse gravel.
In hot weather tho sun bakes this
mud-formed root and large cracks
appear. Tho raiu comes, ami as a
natural eouseqncuce, the roof leaks.
This is something of which the
fastidious inhabitant of the Biblo
land docs not approve. It does not
add to his bodily comfort.
lie remedies the difficulties shall
1 tell you now? Not by any effort of
his own ; far from it. His wife comes,
ascends to the house top, and in the
drenching rain propels a roller of
solid stone, backward and forward,
much as wo use a lawn mower. This
rolls the buudricd cracks together
and preveuts the entrnnce of water.
These are ouly a few or the Syrian
housewife's duties. Her reward is
not in Ibis world, surely: She cau
not speak to her hnsbaud iu public ;
6he can receive no caress before her
friends. She goes veiled and scautily
clad. She has no time to make her
own Uabilimeuts, for her hands must
weave aud spin aud embroider artisti
cally aud abundantly for the husband
and male children. Iu winter her
feet are protected only by open
wooden sandals, and drops of blood
stark the way to the Syrian well. Of
coarse this "is among the lower aud
middle classes of society in Syria, but
those who belong to a higher class
we. very few.
Ludlow's Ladies' S3.00 Fine Stioes;
alse flexible hand-turned French Kids,
at P. J. Goodman's.
A GHOST OH SHIPBOARD.
Tie Aitatnre of a Spook
Related ly Himself.
.i-v oz. sea cai'ta ixs sTonr.
Scaring a Whole Ship. Civw. Inrlmling
The Wicked Mate, and Having a
Generally (Jooil Time.
Coming down ou the It. It. 'Thomp
son last Thursday night, several pas
sengers sat smoking in the forward
cabin long after the others had re
tired. As the night wore on two of the
number, old sea captaias, got to tell
ing yams about ghosts, sea serpents
and marine spooks generally. One
captain said that he had once had a
male who had seen a ghost in the miz
zeutop one dark night. Another of
the skippers said that he had kuown a
captain who had a steward who had
once been shipmate with a spook.
'I can tell you a better story thau
that,' remarked one of the group,
who had, so far, done most of the
listening. 4I was once on a haunted
vessel myself. This vessel was really
haunted by a ghost I am telling you
the i ruth. And, what is more, 1 was
the ghost that haunted the vessel."
This announcement gave rise to some
expressions of incredulity, which the
man who claimed to be an ex ghosl
proceeded to answer by spinning his
"I was a tough youngster about
thirty years ago," he continued, "so
tough that my parents sent me to sea.
I didn't particularly fancy life on
shipboard at first, because they gave
me lots or work, and I didn't like
work; and because they didn't give
me good victuals, and I was fright
ful fond of good victuals. The bark
that I had shipped on went to lior
deauv. The third night in that port
I asked for permission to go ashore,
but was told that 1 would have to re
main on board. This made me
mad. 1 saw the captain's Miiull b.iat
alongside tiie gangway with the oars
in it. I crawled down into the loar,
unfastened the painter and shoved ofT
from the bark. Then 1 rowed, as I
thought, toward the shore, but it soon
came on to be thick. As 1 couldn't see
but a few yards from the boat, 1 had
nothing to do but to sit quieily in the
boat and let her drift And she drifted
all night Soon after daylight I heard
the swash of a vessel coming toward
me. T jumped up and hailed her.
She w:is a small outward-bound bark,
sailing slowly, with the wind on her
beam. There were people on her deck,
and just as they passed one of them
hove me a line, which I caught, fn a
minute E was on board the vessel, sur
rounded by several rough-looking
Spanish sailors, who examined me
from head to foot as if E were a curios
ity. While they were still watching
me the captain came up and, in broken
English told me that his vesel had
just left Bordeaux for Buenos Ay res.
lie count not put nacic to land me,
o i board
i was placed in th. mate's waleh.
The male was a wicked looking fellow,
who at once took a strong dislike to
me. One morning I began to whistle
while at my work. The male heard
me and gave me a sound thrashing.
1 took it from that, that the mate was
very superstitions, like the majority of
Spanish sailors then, and fancied that j
nearly the whole time. The mate and
the sailors all seemed to regard me as
the cause of the unfavorable winds,
for I often caught them lookiug at me
iu a distrustful wav.as if thev thought
S?r 1 1 ,L,.i.. , , ,ii 4i '
"lie food was very poor and there ;
irrT- ?i 41 irk .TrkrtVl!! ii'lirtra c?rit rt
JVill All Litis V4V.VlVllt4i3aky M111.1U TJ1UJ L
the stores were kent. There was a
small trap door in the deck in this
room, une night when we had the
first watch on deck, I saw as I passed
the galley door, that there was some
thing that looked like a can oi pre
served meat on a shelf inside the door.
1 watched my chance and seized the
can and took it to my bunk, where I
hid it. At midnight, when I turned
m I round
stole out on deck
overboard. I slept
ing in, and later on I had an uneasy
and then crawling along iu dark caves.
Suddenly the scene seemed to change.
1 thought myself 111 a small boat,
alone on the ocean. A vessel came
rapidly in sight aud hurried past me.
'Help! help!' I cried; 'don't leave mo
here to perish!' Then I heard an an
swering cry in Spanisli. I replied
with another cry for help. Then I
awoke aud found myself in the lazar
etto of the bark, with my head stick
ing out of a small port hole. In my
nightmare I had got out of my bunk,
opened the trap door in the deck,
gone dowu iuto the hold, opened the
port and stuck my head ont iuto the
air and yelled for help. It took me a
moment or so to realize all this. I
then heard cries on deck, aud I con
cluded that I had really yelled ont
and that the people on deck thought
that the yells came from some one
who had fallen overboard, or from
some shipwrecked person in a boat or
clinging to a raft
"I shuddered when I thought of the
thrashing that I was sure to receive
from the mate if he discovered that I
had been responsible for the alarm.
I closed the port aud started to re
trace my steps. I had got through
the trap door of the lazaretto when J
stumbled and fell over a basket. As I
, did so I heard the clinking or bottles.
I tore open the basket and found that
' it was filled with bottles of wine. I
broke off the neck of one of the bottles,
t which 1 proceeded to empty. I felt
' very comfortable after it, and I lay
down on some matting which had
been placed over a portion of the car
go. I began to feel drowsy, and the
next thing I remember was waking
' up. I must have been asleep for a
number of hours. It occurred to me
that I had been already missed, and
that the crew probably thought that I
1 had fallen overboard, and had mis
taken my nightmare yells for drown
I "I knew that when I appeared on
. deck there would be trouble, so I took
another bottle of wine to brace up
with. While I was drinking this it
struck me that it would be a good idea
for me to see it there were not some
eatables at baud. I found near me
a number of hams, several cases of
fine biscuit, some boxes of raians,
. - -
and it would be unsafe for me to leave .... , ..." :,. i .... n., i...:.'fAQ!nrfi PLnnnlflv. now spcrpi.irv of i.,..i. ;. n, ,..,-.. ;u. i i!, ' really think everv thing of each
o bark in flu fog. Ik had a .spare ' i i -...,.. i. i ; n... r tho Kmitlmnnimi institnic. .i.:i. r. i.... U.. 1......K.. .. ,.;..i.f It became apparen after awhile
i. T, 111 i Jlllll l.lilJZiitll JllllJ 111U i;UilU Hl'lC 1- .....--- --- (ll ,,itiL.ii in- in. win iu HII.-J iuui. ,, . ,. -.- ii i
berliiand I could work my iKtssage, he. ...."?....: i ...i ,.r i.: TIia rpst. nf the exnediliou are mpii . n ;3ft,..,...uil...p .in.,,.,..i r.wii,nrd. the friction invariably arose at one
said, lie then ordered the I.ttiV bout ., ... ,:n iia.i 111GreIv heen picked out by the leader for their l,t. as :I fact, if Ibex er. cut onen the other nnng anything like an
in which L ha.l Deen fonn.l to he hauiea , . .,., A r ii... e ..:..i. iiiini;ne.itimis. Rverv care has bof-n n., ..,!,-,.ir,J ,..,..,i-i ii ,..,.. frt,..,i rt to the other. Harold was they
ni ivin.siini" iviiniu iiiinir ine MSiSfi i,. .,. ii,,, ,( ,i i
',".,.. 2 V" ..!",.."-,'" .." up on .leek. I cxpooteJ to
nun uiiiiiiuiuuii; Hiiina .uui jiiiiia i
11 . u,BTia"1 J"-"HU V1 lua "" "' J lu Vu ie.r - mountain of copper in the undiscov-1 dine, as all "ood housewives kniw. .TOn1B"JWUUBBSrTi 1 i
lobster. I ato the ained a party of fnemls Sunday in ! ered iortion of thUountry, and many 1 0 "d few days ago She had almost
of the cau. and then the folio wmg vein: "I had been told I vni,1.,itiA ,;: WntimU Aln-.i . .r:." t!V ".' ".... V:"i."''.V' :W; reacheil the church when it was dis-
and threw the can 'when I first took charge of the traiu w P i vnlnre,l nverlnml inLi:'i.. t.. t " 'k,i i ':.... .-..1 covered that she had forgotten her
leehng, as it my stomach wasn't work- 1 am telling about was mil 01 thelnii.n,. ;etD oM vo. rnv.iniis nmi t 11. r ?. .-i , the wav to the churcu
ing rightly. It seemed as if I were 1 hardest looking customers I ever saw. ' ,.rtM i,;u ,i:n;nifv wo 'lmm r..5 n ? .." .' -i I ! sneezed and split hersatin
climbing up aud down precipices and There wasn't a sober man in the lot 1 head ,ets for orotection. We will be ' e" tV f I 0,0 "r nnf n, ' belt to shonlder, Tho carriage
groping along narrow ledges, and now 1 1 approached each mau and said ,- i, ;; rr ,, nril nf five ' ..?S: '. .i. 1.., r -i..r ' at a shop, needle and thread
and a quantity of fancy gro
ceries packed in light boxes and easy to
get at I also fonnd a few cases of
champagne and a number of cases of
light wines. After making a hearty
meal I concluded that, with such
ample resources at hand, it would be
foolish of me to go on deck and get
thrashed. I opened the trap door of
the lazaretto, and, going to the port, I
fastened this open. The open port
and trap-door admitted a little light
and air into the after part of. the hold
where my wines and provisions were
stored, t took a spare sail from the
lazaretto and made myself a com
fortable sleeping place among the
cargo. When the absence of light
showed me that evening had set in I
ate a heart meal, which I washed
down with a couple of bottles of wine.
"I then concluded that it would do
me no harm if I gave the Spaniards a
little scare. I climbed up into the
lazaretto and, going to the port, struck
my head out and yelled : u Ship ahoy
help !"' several times. I could hear
people talking and running about on
the deck, and I had no doubt that
the superstitious Spaniards thought
that my ghost was after them.
Next morning, when I awoke with a
headache. I blamed mvself for hav
ing alarmed the crew needlesslv, but .
.,.;..,. T flf 41mf 1. l-nnnltKr iha Sn-m. i
n inn i 11111 iirnri nn iruii ti iiiiii i
iards uuder the "impression that the ' Chilcat pass. Beyond, to the north- (
vessel was haunted thev would be I west, the country is a mystery, aud in
verv charv about venturing down into that direction the expedition will j
the'hold, "and that consequently the , attempt to force a trail of hundreds of
danger of rnv beiug discovered would mile3 to Mount Wraugell and the
be lessened. Everv night, therefore, I headwaters of the Copper river. Ihe
went up to the port, and sticking mv sources of the latter are still a matter
head out, veiled a few times for help. , of doubt, but this question will now
My cries were no longer followed bv.be settled, and when the nyer is round
uoLses on deck, and I concluded that the expedition, on a" ' giant raft, will
when the poor Spaniards heard mv, shoot the rapids of this turbulent
ghostlv cries thev remained still and 'steam to its meeting with lather
trembled. " i Neptune. A United States revenue
"Late one afternoon I lav with my cutter will take off the party in lbJl..
head out of tho port getting some; Ine personnel of the expedition is
fresh air and watching the water, j as follows : K 11. ells, A. B. bclianz
which seemed strangely calm, liind.anu - -"- ..",. iuui
been having altogether too much wine, grapher, a prospector and three
and I was now feeling the bad effects frontiersmen. E. It. ells is chief
of it. I felt regularly melancholy, j of the expedition and correspondent
somehow, as I watched the smooth He is a western journalist, who makes
,a i i.n.utPiiP.1 fn Innb mil tn Ipp- his home at Cincinnati. loung,
ward and I saw a boat Iu it were the
captain and about half of the crew, well ntteu lor ins great rapuusiuiiiiy.
Thev were rowing awav from the bark. He traversed iu former exploits 2,000
Thev soon drifted a little forward of miles of the British northwest terri
the line that I could see from tho port, ' tory aud central Alaska, and has
o.i i i,f a;r,i.f r fiiom 'Pi. it. manned a number of previously un-
flashed over me that they had deserted!
the bark because- they thought she
Tnnc l.aun4v1 PrnlmLK- flio mnfo Jirwl I
ti.n rnf nf fiio cwnr linri irnno jiw.iv in
tim i.nr Uonf t mivipi flir.iiifrii
n.n i..nrffn .m,i nror flip rvirrrn fn Hip
trap door in the little room where
lnl olnnf T i rip1 flip ilnnr lmf
irnnlil iirf ninfn Rnmn linrrplj nf
iii .J.V...V. - ..... .. .- --
store? had evidently been placed over i Stanley. He and Mr. Stanley livctl . tainly were by tho crnsaders, the
the trap door. I cried out several together six years in the wilds ot . j,aler r;nB3 declare ;hnt it seems that
times, but every one had deserted the ; fV,0?' t1"'-,,, -ve decoratcd by tho orjRinal intention was to raise tho
vessel. I felt that I was doomed to the king of Belgium with the star or i ,evel of the vn,. aml U)e u?c.
sink with the abandoned vessel. I service. Alfred B.&chanz, historian forest of .nra nre cinefly for snp
crawled back to mv resting-place and and astronomer of the expedition, is a ,Iori.nMwr.
tAf.1- n imfiin nf wfno lmf incfp.n.i nf Californian. whose early life was i
cheering me up it depressed me. I
went back to the port and found that ,
the sun had set My thoughts became '
n rrlnnmv flmt T could not bpar them,
A feeling'ot terror took ixissession ot ,
me, and Ideliberatelv crawled through
the port and dropped headforemost
into the sea
"Wheu i camo to the surface I
'njcol Teliirli InvlwvjilniPil ft jlinrt ilia
til. ruw tho 'h.-irlr. iiml m Iim v.-.-iv
back had seen me plunge out of the
port hole. I was hoisted on board.
The captain aud the mate had an ani
mated discussion in Spanish, which was
followed by the mate hurrying down
into the hold. I awaited his return
with trembling. I felt sure that, after
had made iu
down. But instead of that the male
ran to me. and, throwing his arms
were groundless, and that the bark,
aftcr iaA no been liaillltea
HIT THEM rXDF.lt THE EAU.
Sonic Kailroail Fares Wciv Collected
In The LuiuIm! Region.
railroad conductor who used to
up in the Marinette and Hurley
regions of Wisconsin, and who is now
! cooling oil" in Chicago from the effects
of some warm experiences which he
The first car I entered on tho occasion
1 'tickets' in a firm
'.win., 1, yi
n big laugh, aud
through the car I
They all give me
Jiau gone inrougu uie car x
haunt a ticket or a cent to show for
. l..1 -:.-. .....1 ...... .. l.nnt .1o.-.1m.w. hllrr linrlnr tlie IlOtetl SCientlSt. L rO- ' imln nf 1 in Tml I itt .ln.o:n nml Innlli
I Ui "Vlt 4.11 1 1111117 UL 4iIlUl-llt:i JIIJiOll 1 -j-- - -... t mit l i i t. j "''lil " " av.ti.v -
'anmr I Iwi lirdn I
"'S mv, iiu.v. m.
arouudme.embmced me in a delighted visit those portions otAlaska that have wsw .nipioed , do the unpicking ol rerium uiui.r ui ucau wuum
manner. It took me a moment or two , "ever lieen explored. We will explore , wor': r tju tnale inronncd the ladv , have become king of bweilen. Uran
to realize that the mate was delighted the Yukon and the White rivers ami of the household that the practice of dnll is of lowly or suuordinate extrae-
:,..i i... .:.. ...nnK.t:i;n.. r.. the unknown Conner rncrinn.s. I am f,.n:...r l,ul,i;,. .;i, .llrii- r..Kl..'Ji tion. At home egreuse WOIUU ue
heavily after turn- I would have a tough lot to deal with. ammA. n.,,1 ;. .;tnr m.K- hv monnx n.:, r !.... : .Vii .1 " .. S.. bridal veil in her nervousness and
my work. I felt as though I was 111 explorc the coast for 500 miles to Ju
great luck to be alive. I entered the neau iu Iuaian canoes. We carry
next car aud encountered tin individ-1 tii us an outfit weighing fully a ton,
ual who was infinitely harder looking I hicl inciudcs a sixteen-foot cauvas
man me cnaps j. nau ieiu i said
i.. iuuu ..uunkiMnuBKciiiiiaigQ wcarrived
"How much did you get out o' that
other car? ' he asked.
"I told him not a ticket, not a cent.
" 'What are yon going to do about
"I told him I didn't know.
" 'Kin you afford it?' he growled.
"I told him I couldn't
" 'Then you'll get bounced loso
your job, won't you?' he asked.
"I said I guessed that was the size
" 'Well, you wont,' he said. 'Gimme
your cap. 111 get your tickets.'
"I handed him my cap and insignia,
and ho went forward. The first man
he came to he hit under the ear and
bawled eut: 'Gimme your ticket or
your fare, or, I'll bury you in the floor.'
"The man recovered and handed
the thumper a bill.
" 'You don't get no change this 'ere
trip,' said the acting condnctor, and
he hadn't much more than said that
than he hit another man under tho
ear. 'Ticket or fare,' says the actual
conductor, and that man unloaded.
"In less time than it takes me to
tell it every man in the car was on his
feet with money in his hand waiting
to pay and every one ot them did pay.
"The actiug conductor brought the
roll to me and said: 'You want to hit
these chaps under the ear wheu you
"But I never had the courage to do
it, and I soon afterward resigned. I
never knew who my benefactor was.
I asked his name and he answered:
"You got your money, didn't you?"
"I said -Yes.'
"Well,' he added, 'don't ask any
"I saw him frequently after that, but
never learned his name. He always
paid his fare, and I never hit him un
der the ear for it either.C7"cao
WILL EXPLORE ALASKA. ,
Tie Frank Leslie Expedition Now
on tie Way.
XAMES OF THE EXVLOliEIlS.
The United States survey schooner
Patterson arrived in port yesterday
morning from Sau Francisco on her
way to Alaska for the regular summer
cruise. The vessel left San Francisco
on April 10, and is in command of H.
On board the Patterson is the
"Frank Leslie' Alaska exploring party,
which will make a tour of a portion of
that unexplored region. The party
was fitted out by W. K. Arkell of New
York, and, it is thought, will be of
much benefit to science and history
generally. The expedition when com
pleted will consist of twenty-rive men,
including scouts, guides, servants and
Chilcat Indians. Tom lotuig, an old
scout from Winnipeg, is with them
Their course, in brief, will be : By
the steamer Patterson to Juneau
jil iuiwiui ww wt v,...vv j-
LviiU canal and the Chilcat river to !
energetic, hardy and experienced, he is
known rivers for the United Slnte
E. J. GlaVC CXeClltlVC Oil
o,-, ,,.;. V
artist has already achieved
tion ius an explorer. Mr. Glav
to Africa in 18S3. At the age of nine
to Attica in i. ahuio age oi nine-.
teen he had command of one of the
stations far in the interior on the
, , ,. ,. -,--
UOD20. lOlinUCU UV U13 CIlIOl, lUr.
passed in the wintry blasl3 of the ,
northwestern states. His experiences j
in campaigning have extended through ,
all our nortliwestem territories and ;
the Canadian frontier. For the last
four years he has Deen ou the stall ot
the New York Iribinic, and previously
to that time he was assistant astroiio-
mer at Allegheny Observatory, Pitts-
, burg, under the noted scientist, rro-
nothing has been spared in providing
a suitiible equipment, and the work-
has begun under most encouraging
conditions. The white men of the
party will Ik supKrted in their work
through the "mysterious territory' by
a retinue of Chilcat Indians.
In speaking of the expedition to a
representative of the Mnniinif J,.ul. r
yesterday afternoon Mr. ells said:
"We have the steunr 1'alt. Knit
Snn Fmnci.scf on Thursday ami Port
rrom Hereto. i uueau, .-viasiv.i, leaving
Towusend April 20. We intend to
o the opinion that there is located
' there the highest mountain on the
I from the Yukon. The White river
and its tributaries have never been
explored and are not even mapped,
The coast survey department utilized
considerable of my material secured
last year, which appears on a new map;
nf AlncL-n icsiiaI flirnn tt(W1'! nfrn "
ui .uimiui i.mi... iiuwu ...v.... ..nw.
tnii.nM ; ;.. .,11 i,..i,;i;i. n
J...V..V. 4.- in l..v.y.....iy, ..
souths, returning to the steamer at
juneau about September 10. We ex-
pect to go np tho White river and re-
,. ., ti.a rimnur rimr ..ml thou
boat and raanv scientific instruments.
flt ...-, -..,:,
placed on thebaclcs
the start we will
f nAltA lnr- fnv
supposed to be the White river, 100
. exercised to select the right
Aniericau continent. There is certain Iy Hie material or which they are sup-1 scnooi, euucaieii uniut-u unu uec.uuu
a range of gigantic peaks there which ' ,)0sea to consist. This is verv terrible, "" , engineer, while his possible king
lone might call the Andes or the , ad the worst of it is that it is onlv and master is not yet so rar advanced,
!jfirfi. Snmnnf fliMo T nw Iswf. vnnr i.n i..ni r !., .,.-.,,,.4. r ., i... u and thus ven' naturally everything
.vr..... v.M.w .r. ...w - ...... ...... v... , .in- j.i.1. IIII 11IIJ II1LU11L. UL 11 1VJ1JL: llb
1 r 1 -l-i- mi. -.. ..:i..
! nf ilntr cIajIc Thr ninsniiims
1.., t. ,inl,-f ..,,. " .." V"" . ." V.w" .. "" "T '".'aiwwitt uiuuiciM uiiiuci;huib i "l i,n
will be divided and i I"!ll-r Ul saianes. nu kh oiai uu garment, managing to noid it, mrougii
make a portage of . luu uuimjhhu ': - i ;,"! niony was over ami sue was uiij juuiu
The Patterson will take several "ut ""'""' w"t emeu .ur .ci ,aml jrjve way to a torrent ol tears, me
thousand feet ot lumber at Hadlock ' resinsiblo ijosilions are to be filled, reason for which she did not then im
for signal work and leave for Nanaimo I Would you like to gauge your own fit- part.
to take on fuel. lurtJ Ior :i l'U3IUOU Ul proaiuiuucu;
A. B. Schanz said to the reporter Would you like to know he probabil
that Lieut Seaton-Karr wired from ' ",ties ?f your getting such a position.'
here about two weeks ago to his . ?irc. UD- What are yon
(Schanz's) party in San Francisco, j al"S to make yourself valuable
i.i.: Ji jL.t .i .tnoi m the position you now oc-
meeHng could be had. Arrangements
could not be made for the meeting,
and it is now understood that the two
parties will meet in Jnne.
"Our work is separate and distinct,
and we will not join forces," said Mr!
Schanz. "Karr proposed to explore
UK 111' &V Ill-ail IIIIII Vfc 1111 t it IHIILI1I1I
the Copper river. We will go over
land to the Chilcat river and explore
White river to its junction with the i
Yukon, thence to the source of the
iiikon. Then we will cross the moun
tains, divide and go down Copper
"Karr's route will be separate from
ours, and there is no probability that
our forces will be united." Port
Townsend Argus, 18.
Not Fish Facts.
A Nova Scotia paper reports that a
fisherman away down east recently
while fishiug for eels, fished up one
with a pair ot spectacles on.
A Wisconsin man bonght a pickerel
that weighed eighteen pounds the
other day. The pickerel had swal
lowed a bass that would weigh two or
three pounds, and when he dressed
the bass he was rewarded by finding
two good sized perch in him that he
had swallowed, so he actually bought
iuui uw luswua oi one as ue supposea.
THE MOSQUE OF OMAR.
The Magnificent structure That Jie-
nlaces Solomon's Temole.
. ,r . -. . , , ... .
The Mosque o Omar is beautiful .
Its walls are adorned with marbles of j
delicate colors, and the dome is roofed
with tiles of a brilliant blue, and
some blue and yellow. Tho effect
irum me iuuuuir ui isica is ui u
turquois domo roofing, walls of pearl.
It stands high; white pavements and
tall cypresses around; steps lead
down to other courts, once the court
of the Gentiles, the court of the Great
Brazen Laver, etc., and olives and
grass of emerald green and abundant
wild flowers cover the nakedness
where Solomon's offerings had en-
ncnedtue entrance grounu oetween
the golden gate and the eastern walla '
of the temple itself. I
Inside (the mosque is exquisite. A
circle of marble pillars inclose the
veritable rough rock of Mount Mo-
riah, and support the inner part of ,
the dome, which is rich in mosaic,
worthy to be compared with that in !
Santa Maria Maggiore in Eome.
Portals and partitions, inlaid with
tortoise-shell, mother-of-pearl and
frnm tlio ppntr.il nnssnee wav hefwppn
ivory, tnviue tue mue siuo cunpeis -
them and the sacred rock, the scene
0f Abraham's awful obedience and of
the sacrifices which, interpreted to
n:eUj made them partakers of the one
creat sncrjflce of the Sou of God.
yQ saw the opening cut iu the rock
for tll0 escape o the sacrificed blood,
and, descending into the excavation
ue!ow, we Tonud a similar open-
ing communicating with a 'duct
which discharged into a cess-
pnol bv tLo Brook Kedron. We
cro3sed the outer southern court,
andt passing the fountain supplied bv
the same water as its grander prede-
ctssor on the backs of brazeu oxen,
we descended beneath the present gave me that a moment ago. I don't
mosque, El Aksar, close to the qn;te understand it" Nearly the
Mosque of Omar, into the same gallery) wholo carload watched the develop
which led to the old tctnple from the , meuts with intense interest The lady
south, aud up which our Lord walked quietly read it through. She was as
jf;, now haff rille(1 uitb rnijbish and
again nnu again wiien nc was ucre.
earth, but the ceiling is still so high
above that we needed to be reminded
that Ihe gronud level is far down
under the nibble. The pillars in
single, solid blocks, the round key
stone iu the roof, and
the lintels of
'long single stones, are witnesses of
' the Rlory wlnch uaa departed. Leav-
iJ: this gallery, we climbed the city
.ua i, 4i, . ....ltrnii-.'nn
walls by the golden gate, and walking
. .mo n llli; :umill 1JIHW mm niiiniub
soulhnltuo le of lhe walIs AVe
descended underground into the
i t , , t Soloniou. T(jat thev mav
1,.. .,i:i:.,.l K,. !.:. ,..l Q..
DEATH IS THK lMI.I.OW.
I A New Danscr ! Alarm tli IIniewife.
Another note of domestic alarm is 're Norwegians, lhey were insep
sounded this week bv a correspondent arable companions, and yet wild bo
of a medical joumafwho bid us take ' haral-v lo minutes ogeUier until in o
ue more or le .stiilled ith the most
heterogeneous material. Pillows, twi
sters and beds have been examined
and fonnd to contain portions of
filthy coarse, black serge, apparently
parts or soldiers old coat-sleeves,
pieces of dirty greasy silk dresses, old
worsted braid Troiii the borders of wo
men's gowns, soiled linen nigs and col
ored calico, and even nuts and wall-
, imi . i10lls and nieces of crinoline wire
The beddin-in this ease was bought
, ,u.w-. we are assured, a few vears ago,
,.r ..,. ,......;. ,..i ..,;.oiii ,?,,'
imislerer Moreover. :t woman who
timf r.i. iIj ui- iiniufniv! nnut'iiti miiv
I of kindred discoveries which of late
i,aye contributed to give ironical force
to the question, "Is life worth living:"
J Fortunately, in this case, the remedy
involves nothing more difficult than
ripping a Fcnm or two and stitching
il.n... :.. .. ... !....-.
iiiriii nil iiiiiiiu .in r-uuii iia u Hinu
i. ..r p n. .i.. in
iK-iuar iinxn 01 uiu comenus. jeu -
, disease in schools and families. - XoH -
Who Can Rest be Spared.
Young men, this is the first question
your employers ask themselves when
business becomes slack, aud when it is
I someoouy s gooci-ior-iioming xoung
! men' I)leasc rcmember tliat thcse are
C"P;? If i'mi c 01U with yonr might
. Yiat 'our Jlia"as -uutl. " u,c I
chances are ten to one that you soon
ec?me valnablo m that position ,
. Jat you cannot be spared from it; and ,
then, singular to relate wdl be thej
Iei7 tirae when you will be sought out
Made Him Feel Small.
A story is told of a man who was out
hunting and met with little success.
Just as he was about returning a
heavy shower came up, and having no
shelter ho crawled into a hollow log
which was barely large enough to ad
mit his body. Ho remained in this
cramped position until the rain was
over, but to his surprise the rain had
past me ana miuK ol B "'
mission aud omission, and when he
thought he was not a
hi, tame paper he suMe- telt so
small thathe crawled ont without any
a positive cure'for Catarrh, Diphtheria
ana uanKer mourn, ai i. vj. .uuiuciu a
"t. ......... ., ...... ....... . ..WU.U-. i , -,
I flirMirrlit nocncafirv fn (icnnniili7 ,11 f 110 1..il..l ."!-.. .!.. n- 41. n o1!nn!nn
at Uhilcat our ont- """"" ;,.- :,,T, --"-1 uiiiiuucu ukiiui.iw:iji l,,,uv "i'i'"'B
nf Indians. At sPareu: xnu uuniiiujus, uiu sums, t he side ot her dress until tne cere-
OIXUUI.IUM. lib ., ,!. l,;ff. .n.,.,nlnK.. i.MnTu "1,
ni.:i.i- .i.nf ;D ' someuoo s neimuna, mu usiiraiiui ,n tlie carnarre. ner next entirely
ior promotion ior a uuuur piuce
r - iifi - -"B. iftr- -i r
A FOOb HUSBAND.
mil ii.iii nit' uui iiiun a liiuit tv uiamc
PntAn.n 1.k :.! T T :! Tlfi&
i -. ......
.Directly m front ot me, ou a recent
journey, sat a pretty girl, perhaps
twenty years of age and across the
wa . ,vas a fme lookin middle-aged
mau with a sweet faced fe two
lovclv cHldren and a nursemaid. This
partv was evidentlv returning from
some prolonged visit to
country aud was headiug
"grandma's" to stay until
holidavs. The conversation of
children told all this to even one in
the parlor car. Presently when
mamma was deep iu a new book, and
the nurse had the babies on a sofa at
the end of the car, the scamp of a
husband opened the capaign by sur-
rpntitions smiles in tho lookimr-irlass
at the prettv girl. During the dav he
Finally he went to a rack in which
telegraph blanks were deposited, took
one and retired. After a while he
adroitly laid a folded paper on miss's
knee. It was the telegraph blank and
-written on it was this:
i am strangely interested in von
aua desire a further acquaintance,
-vill von write me on your return to
ew York? A note addressed to Jno.
Johnson, 9G4 Beaver street, will reach
a delighted man. Give me some sig
nal before I leave (at the next station)
that T may know my fate."
The girl read over and over this
impudent communication. Then, as
she felt the eyes of half the passengers
upon her, she got afraid of the result,
aud she turned to a lady, passed the
paper over" and asked : "What would
you do were you in my place V
And old gentleman iu front spoke
up: "Give that paper, whatever there
is on it, to that insulted wife."
Well, bless me, if she didn't place
the open communication on her lap
and sav: "The frentlnmnn with von
' pah as ashes, but she tuaied
a glance ot such contempt on
the man that we all knew that
there was trouble in store for
that delusion and snare. Then she
faced about and said pleasantly to the
nrettv cirl: "Thank veu: von have
rendered me a very crreat service."
Tho cars stopped and the partv
drew, the flirting husband mak
desperate attempt to look unconce
t.... n. i.i e r i
but the look-out for one fool of a
iiiii, ii.t. iiii
we could re.i
bv no means pleasant, if
read faces. -iV. Y. Letter.
UEL1TF1I to itorii.Tr.
The Claim Set Forth li a IUilroa.1 Haml.
A singular incident is revealed con
cerning one of tho parties of engineers
that the Manitoba company has just
disbanded and the identities of two
members of the party. These aro Mr.
Grandall, the transit man, and the
head chainman, Harold Vegreuse. The
two joined the parly as companions,
a war oi worus. ei tney secmeii 10
and Grandall was his superior by vir
tue of his position as transit man. If
the engineer, who seemed confirmed in
the habit or eating large heaps of
sugar on hi.s Boston beans, said to
Harold, "Pass the sugar," the latter
wouldn't do it. Being questioned,
"Onl peasants eat sugar on greasy
food, aiid Grandall in the old country
would not dare to command me at all."
Then both agreed to the following
The father of Hai old Vegreuse was
of roal descent, and in the emergency
by pushing at
i but uramlall
like a commanil trom the peasant mils
! barshly on the ears ot the King.
Tiiliulation of a Britle.
I Everv woman who has been a bride
i ... - .,- ...ii. ii. e
win svmnntnizu wuu iuu sorrow m
1 -,, , -.-. - n,i.
haste. She went back after it On
i c!irca a"artlie
. stepped Troiii
1 bottom of a
rent repaired. As she
the carriage the lace
in uniiersKirt cauguc
and the button at the waist gave
awav. In consequence the skirt be-
igan to slip as she walked up the
j church aisle, everv eve, of course, bent
Gn her with a coldly critical look,
I With her disentailed hand she
namral act was to llmg Her arms
about the panic stricken groom's neck
All Easily Hit.
At a recent gathering of ministers
one speaker recited an anecdote which
mlmilc nf Inrrrn nfl vnrio1 nnTlllOn-
tion It Avas a storv of a minister who
preaching on exchange, said some
stronr things about rast horses. He
was told af ter the sermon that ho had
touclied one oftheir best members on
a tender spot. "Well," said the
preaciier, "I cannot change my sermon
for him." In the evening the man
was introduced to the minister, who
said: "I understand that what I said
this morning touched one of your
weaknesses. I assure you that I was
altogether unconscious ot the weak
ness when I said it" "Oh do not
trouble yourself," said the man. "It
is a ven poor sermon that does not
hit me somewhere."
Lot their Sand.
' . or. lU0 iTrTn.
For tho third time little Tommy
formed when the Israelites lost
. " , . , .. w , ,. ..
I l11'14 " v . ww ...!
ffiS&M J '3 be-
I ., ti Till
fore I get home hereafter."
"But paw, how can yon see her put
me to bed before you get home4:"
And that question was Tommy's
last for that evening.
- irni irBffun n iii in i ini rfc-ti --
KEEN AND COOK,
Insurance and Real Estate Agents
MONEY TO LOAN!
ON GOOD SECURITY.
Astoria, - - - Oregon.
Cliy Bfe Stop
PRICES LOWER THAN EVER.
6?V VVSJ 1 X?PfM
SttarS&KSSSS, XK.l i T-MSJ PirSiSN.
JpBlfcfynhtsl " yi8HB5f"?'
GIIAXD PRIX PARIS 1878,
GKAN'D CROSS OF TIIE LEGION 1VHOXXEDR.
They ro-eiveil the
ONLY GOLD MEDAL
For FLAX THREADS at the
London Fisheries Eacnibition 1883.
And have been aAvanled HIGHER PRIZES at the various
Than the goods of any other
IX THE WORLD,
Quality Can .Always be Depended on.
Expriert Fistonn Use n Otter.
HENRY DOYLE & CO..
5 1 7 and 5 1 9 Market Street, SAN FRANCISCO.
AGENTS FOR PACIFIC COAST.
WOODBEKRT SEINE TWINE, ROPE and NET
TING Constantly on Hand. SEINES, POUNDS and
TRAPS Furnished to order at Lowest Factory Prices.
A SPECIALTY MADE OF COUNTRY PRODUCE.
Wo pay the highest cash price for country produce, ami guarantee square dealing. We
will receive orders for potatoes, butter and eggs at lowest market rates.
Orders from any quarter will receive prompt attention.
SKAM0KAWA, - - - WASHINGTON
The terminus of the Ihvaco and Shoalwater Rav Railroad. TIIE GREAT
EST SUMMER RESORT OX THE NORTHWEST COAST. Lies at the head
of the Bay, at deep water, and only twelve miles from the har. The coming
County Seat and Commercial Metropolis of Pacific county. Now laid out Lots
on the market from S30, and upwards.
For particulars and fuli information, call on or address
B. A. SEABORC,
Saddles and Harness
A LARGE STOCK TO SELECT FROM.
GOODS AT SAN FRANCISCO PRICES.
I make a specialty of good work and guarantee satisfaction. At the Old Stand. Wea
Side Olney Street. Near Wilson &Fhher's. !
ASTORIA, m OREGON.
: -c. .A.C. i?- -"t!. uJ.. -
: ivtT''4v3E,s, ," 1 - .