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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View This Issue
e gaUjj gtorian.
TflUKSDAY MAY 17, 1S88.
It is a curious fact tliat no provis
ion was made in tlio federal constitu
tion for the annexation of foreign ter-
ritorv. There was a feeling at the
time of the adoption of the constitu
tion that the territory between the
Atlantic and the Mississippi river
was large enough for the nation.
The area, as then estimated, contained
about S00.000 square miles. Neither
Washington nor Adams originated any
plan for a larger territory. It was
not until Jeflerson's lime that a ques
tion of more territory was precipi
tated. France possessed an area of
200,000 square miles. The present
German empire embraces an area of
nearly 300,000 square miles. France
and Spain possessed all the territory
from the lakes to the thirty-first de
gree of north latitude. This area in
cluded New Orleans. Spain was the
original owner. It was a Spanish citj
or rather a town, for it was a small
place in the j ear 1800. But in that
j ear Bonapart made a secret treaty
with Spain, in which the vast terri
tory west of the Mississippi river was
ceded to France. It was then sup
posed that all the territory then ceded
was between the Mississippi "and the
Rocky Mountains. The extent of
that territory was unknown. Tt was
estimated at 900,000 square miles.
Practically, it was a great deal more.
The claim was extended in a shadowy
way to the Pacific ocean. The Lonis
mna pnrcha.se ami the right of dis
covery and occupation fiuall made
;,'ood these claims to that part of the
territory bordering on the Pacific
ocenn now included within the limits
of this state and Washington terri
tory. It was the first gieat real estate
speculation ever undertaken by the
federal government. Jefferson ob
tained tearly knowledge that Spain
had ceded her possessions west of the
Mississippi to France. At that time
the latter country actually owned a
larger territorial area in North Amer
ica than the United States. At the
time negotiations were pending,
France was abont to engage in a war
with England. It was readily seen
that the latter power, which then had
a fleet of twenty-five naval vessels in
in the Onlt of Mexico, could take pos
session nominally of all the land
which Spain had ceded to France. In
the hands of the British, another em
pire greater, geographically, than that
of the United Stales, would be in the
possession of Great Britain, which had
just waged a seven j ears' war against
the United States. Bonaparte wanted
money. The first grant made by con
gress for the purchase of Louisiana
was while Jefferson was president.
The grant was only for S2,000,000.
which was originally for the purchase
of New Orleans and a small adjacent
territon . The proposition was finallj
enlarged for the purchase of the
whole of Louisiana. No one knew
the exact aiea. Only a few trappers
had ever penetrated as far west as the
Rocky mountains, and they could
give no clear account of the country.
There were mountain ranges, great
rivers, wild game in abundance, for it
was all a fur-bearing country, with
fierce tribes of Indians. Bonaparte
demanded 1,000,000,000 francs. Liv
ingston offered 30,000,000f. Then
came the usual real estate comprom
ise of splitting the difference. The
agreement was for 7r,000,000f or S13,
000,000 Jefferson was himself as
founded. lie declared that he had
ent the commission to bin the site
of the town of New Orleans and they
had bought a continent.
And so these fliTe commissioners
actually bought a territoiy greater
than that owned before that time bv
the United States, and bought it for
a song. The mouth of.the Mississippi
river,inclnding the town of New Or
leans, was at mat time, worth more
than all the money paid for Iho
French territory of Louisiana. What
tho latter power actually paid to
Spain for the concession does not
clearly appear. It is a curious fact
that-while Jefferson was a strict con
structionist, he strained his doctrine,
making it elastic enough to cover this
extraordinary proceeding. The ad
vantage to be gained was of far more
importance than his strict construc
tive dogma. Unless that could be
made to j ield somewhere, no territory
could be bought. There was no pro
vision of the constitution for any
such proceeding. It was among the
constructive rights of self defense.
For if an emeny could enter the
mouth of tho Mississippi, ascend that
river to New Orleans, make a naval
rendezvous there, lite conutry could
lie assailed in the rear even more ef
fectually than in front. The strict
constructionist had to make his doc
trine fit an exigency of the times.
There was another instance more than
three-fourths of a century later.
When the civil war began
Salmon P. Chase was secretary of the
treasury. It was at the time the
most important position in the cabi
net It was necessary to raise a vast
sum of money. Chase did not believe
the government had a right to make
an issue of paper money. He had all
along been a strict constructionist
and what was called a hard money
man. xsut ne consented to me paper
issue and the war finances were ad
justed to n paper basis. When the
secretary of the treasury became chief
justice, he delivered an opinion
against the constitutionality of the
paper money issue. lie recovered his
strict constructive theory after a great
crisis in the history of the nation had
passed, just as Jefferson had previ
ously done after that vast territory
had been obtained from France.
There was nothing in tho constitution
to warrant the purchase of more ter
ritory. But when a good opportunity
ha3 offered, strict construction has
generally been strained to take in the
for (Tire np
"VvrrlinilTT?cvtml nc li.il
Prohibition iii. ili,v
Dr. Aug. C. Kinney.
1." undersigned has Iven appointed as
signee of thp Columbia Cumin" Companj,
and all persons haUiijj claims against u
must pent tlie same to me. at m olllco in
Aitoria, Oregon, propeil entied. within
three months fiom tins date. May 17th tsss
C. V. Fl'LTON.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT TH E
undersigned has been appointed as
signee of the flustle Packing Company, and
all persons lming claims :igainst it, are le
fiuircd to present the same, dnU enfled, to
the assignee, within three months from this
Ute.Ma 17th 1SS.
The following named gentlemen will discuss
tin" political issues of Ihe il.ij at the
following places, and .ill an
nulled to attend
Seaside, 'J upsd.n , May 22.
KMnanon, Wednesday, Ma 21.
1SEEJI K VXAliA.
est port. Sat in da; , May 2fi,
C. It. WATaOX. KEL.1I kanaga.
" J. A. 1'ULTUX, KUILM kanaka
Knappa, Thursday. Mav -list.
C. W. I'UjyiOX, ItEKM KANAfiA.
The speaking at all of these places ill he
at 7 .TO, 1-. M.
Precinct committees will please take no
Chairman County Cential Committee.
Democratic Legislative Nominees
John H. Smith,
Will discuss the political issues, holding
meetings at the follow ing oting places
Seaside, Friday, May 18th, at 2 r. M.
SUipanon, Saturday. May l'lth, 7 iMr. jt
West port. Monday. -May 2lst. at 2 1 M
Vesper. Tuesday. May 22d. at 2 r. M
I'lshhawlc, 'Wednesdar. Maj 23d, at 2 i M.
MishawaLa, Thursday, Maj 2lth,at2 1- m
Olncy, Saturday. May 28th, at 2 i- si.
Lew is & Clarke. Monday, May 2SUi.2 1- i
Clifton, Tuesday, May li-Wi, at 2 r. it
Knappa, Wednesday, May not li, at a r. m
ltear Creek, Thursday. Mav 3tst at 2 v. it.
UPDer Astoria. Saturdav. . I ime".i
Committeemen In each precinct will Please
make due arrangements for the speaking.
The Kemiuliean lecis'athe naminuN nn
respectfully invited tomee t these candidates
111 JOIUl (11SCU3S10JI.
, , ALFRED KINNEY.
Chairman Democratic Couttj Committee,
Horsemen Take Notice !
SHERWOOD STEEL HARNESS,
No Single or Doubletrees Fs-d.
Just tho thing for use In Plowing or lagging
Pnee, 20. For sate by
Wilson & Fisher.
viiiiui jiwi u:it ui yd
DBUGCJST5 AtlDlJFAlERS J.a.Y"-i'ERE
Heplar RepMican TicM.
W. P. LOUD.
C. "W. FULTON.
Pro3ecnting Attorney Fifth Di3tnct.
T. A. McBRIDK.
H. B. PARKER.
H. E. NELSON
P. I. DUNBAR.
J. O. DEMENT.
J. O. NURNBERO
1'. W. .SMITH.
C. W. SHIVELY
P. H. SUM'RESAXT.
Jnstice ot the Peace Astoria Precinct,
('. A. MAY.
W. B. ROSS.
S.ARNDT & FERCHHiX
ASTORIA. - OlthGOX.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
Boiler Shop -Sm
All kluds of
Promptly, attended to.
Aspoialty made of repairing
KOOTOF LAFAYETTE 8TKKKT
NOVELTIES AND FANCY GOODS.
Mrs. W. J. BARRY'S,
Next to Odd Fellows Bulldinjt.
Stjlish, Tresh, Reasonable in Price. Plniiio,
Hats, lilbhons. A Fine Mock now
Open for Inspection.
.11 KH. IV. J. JIA.RRV
Columbia River Men can have
Seines, Nets, Etc.. Promptly Made
And sent, by sending their orders to the
Gloucester Not & Twine Co.,
We have lariie mills, which run ulglitand
day and can tilt large orders with unusual
speed. Mall oi telegraph order to the
Gloucester Net & Twine Co..
X Commercial St., Reston, Masi.
For Fashionable Millinery,
And Sat-sfactoiy Prices, See
Mrs. Derby and Miss Heilborn,
At Mrs, I)eil Old Stand.
'tMv (JooilH ConHtantly ItereUod
niiI the Tastes of J'ustonierM
Ladles aie invited to call and see the lat
CUT THIS OUT.
It Is Worth One Dollar.
Presenlins this Advertisement at our store
before t lie rir.it of .1 line, 1SSS, and bnj Iiik Ten
inn jiouars wonuoi isrocenes, itovisiods,
f'tvirtl-.,.. llico AVnulpn unto rtmtij
Canned Roods, etc., for Cash, will be allowed!
One Dollar for it towards payment. Hoods
Guaranteed. Low Prices. Delivered free
anywuere in me city.
D. L. Beck &. Sono.
as'-Bs sKas-. -a
v 4& Watchmaker
Important to Banners
; Full Operation at
Fire Pots g Soldering
Goal ! No Smoke ! No Oirf !
No Wasie of Solder 1
Coppers Xiast Four
HALF CHEAPER THAN CHARCOAL ! !
STo Risk by Fire I
Full pwtirnlara nt
Depends a Good
M n n 9 e
low Me Is
Depends a Good
Phil. A. Stokes
( Next iloor io Voird .V KtoKe1 i
Good Substantial Clothing at Very Low Prices.
Rubber Boots. Overalls. Shirts. Blouses. Oiled Clothing.
Anil warranted ni represented. Wu are invite.1 to cMI.
P. A. STOKES & Co.
FISH NETTING OF
MAOK TO ORDEii
AT I.OWIXl' 1'UICKS OK NFTTINO t'OMIUXATlON.
Barbour's Salmon Net Threads.
HENRY DOYLE & CO., 517 and 519 MarM St.,
Sole Agents for the Pacific Coast.
Hay, Oats, and Straw, Lime, Brift, Cement, Sand and Piaster
Wooil Dflirtred to Order. DrAjInjr, Tesmlng and Ksprens Ilnslnes't.
rEK npply tot lie Captain, or to
The New Model Range
CAN BK HAH IN
Aneiu. Call and rnmlne It. You Wtd lie I'leased. K. K. Han es Is also Agent foi tlie
Buck Patent Cooking Stove,
AN D OTIIEK FI IOT C I.ASS STOVES.
Furnace Work, Steam Fittings, Etc., a Specialty. A Full Stock on Hand.
Tiian any oiii
rlorlty. It son
llpcp and .NVtn
W. L. Bobb,
Fire Insurance and Commission
FIRE ASSOCIATION, of Undon.
CALIFORNIA, or San Franclieo.
STATE, of Salem.
Office, rear of Odd bellows Building, on
S. Elmore's Cannery.
Machines ail Running.
Times as 2UoagI
Elmore, Sanborn c& So.'s
1'aciUo Coast Aceuts.
Deal on His Clothes.
Deal on His Work
OF REST QUAI-ITV.
a bbb a
m CLJBl PARRIiR
Eben P. ParkertMaster.
PnrTOWINC. KKhKlUT or (III Alt
II. It. FAICUI'.IC.
wVSTOItIA, ONLY OK
B. F. Allen,
Handsome Wall Paper,
Painting, Papering. Graining, Etc.,
Dime in Satitfaetory St j le and at
Comer Jefferson and C.iss ?K, Asloila, Or.
.1. A. I IlASRIt. THE iv. r. u ELTOX.
RESTAURANT AND SALOON
Frascr A Welton, l'ropr'H.
No.CWaterStrcet, - Astoria. Oregon.
Oysters in Any Style,
liegiilar Meals 2"i centi. Beds, i'.andsoe.
Best 'Winci. Liqiiors and Cigars at Hie Ktr.
THE WELL KNOWN TIDE LAND TLACE
of Kobert MeEwan on the Sklpanon
Apply to S.D. ADAIK.
irnn r 'Trr.
& Go .
WHOLES.VLE AND KETAIL DEALER IN
Groceries, Provisions and Mill Feed,
Crockery, Glass Plated Ware.
Ihe Largest and finest assortment of
Fresh. Fruits and Vegetables.
Received fresh every Steamer.
BdH rrwaT-r-" - i'wrnTiirJ.fift. i--.4a.,.m . lf m
tTATlONEBS AND BOOK SELLERS.
aRIFFIST & RSBD.
J. G. CLINTON
CIGARS AND TOBACCO,
Candies. Smokers' Articles. Etc.
New (Joods ReceU ed Dall .
Opposite City Hook Htoir.
Dry Goods, Clothing, Furnishing Goods,
Ladies' and Children's Muslin Goods.
Ladies' and Children's Shoes, all kinds.
Men's and Boys Boots and Shoes, all kinds.
Rubber Goods. Oil Clothing.
Hats. Trunks. Valises. Satchels.
Parker & HansoniStnkeH Rich I
O. L. PARKER,
New Goods Arriving Every Steamer
Tlie Old Stand - Aitoria. Oreson.
UNEN CILL NETTING A SPECIALTY
The Oldest and Largest Manufacturers of
IN THE UNITED STATES.
Salmon Purse Seines. SataoDjonni Nets. Salmon Erill Nets.
2"Fish Ncttinss or all kinds supplied at the s!iorle-?t poilile notice, and at
tlip lnwpst rate1;. All made from our
Shephard Cold Medal Twines.
Oimranteed to be the strongest mid raoit desirable twine now made especially for tht
PACfFIC COAST PTSHERrES.
This TWINE is manufactured onlv bv ourselves, directly from the raw material.
and eosts no more in XfcTTlNCrS than the cheaper jrrades.
Send for samples; also for our illustrated catalogue. Highest awards at Boston.
Philadelphia and London.
American ITet and Twine Company,
The NewYorkNovelty Store
Have a Finely
Jewelry , Watches, Clocks,Optical Goods
Fine Stationery. Cutlery and Fancy Goods.
Of All Descriptions. Bought in the Best Markets and CAXXOT BE UNDER.
SOLD bj- any one this side of San Francisco.
Opposite Parker House, Main St., Astoria.
VirsiniaCiaar and Tobacco Store
J. W. BOTTOM, Proprietor,
Water Street, Two Doors Eait of Olney.
Hue Clears Toliaccot in,l Kmokert Artlcln.
Sold at Lowest Market Kates.
Foard & Stokes
Tlieir laruely Increasm" trade enables
them to .self at the ery lowest margin
of profit while giving jou goods
that are of nrst class n,iiallty.
Goods Delivered All Over the City.
The Highest Price Paid for Junk.