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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View This Issue
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FEBRUARY 23. 1680
JX VERSUS SLAVE.
Senator Mitchell will speak
in favor of his Chinese exclusion
bill in the senate to day. If that
bill, with some modifications, or
anv other bill having a like pur
pose in view, can be passed, the
Chinese question will be solved for
all time. That bill, says the Bul
letin, rises fully to the gravity of
the case. If the question of our
relations with China were broadly
and ably presented, there is not
much doubt that his proposition
will become the law of the land.
Mr. Morrow's bill was introduced
early in the session. It went as far
as it was thought it was possible
to go at that time. But since then
the Chinese question has under
gone an entire change on the Pa
cific coast. One whole stage in
the natural process of its solution
hasbeen jumped over. There was no
one who favored Morrow's bill who
did not know that at some future
time some other and more ultra
measure would have to be adopted.
By the act of the people in every
city and town of importance on
the whole coast the question has
been advanced one step on the
calendar, so to speak.
Revolutions never go backward.
A social, moral, industrial, hygi
enic, financial and ethnological
revolution is now in progress in
California and the other states and
territories of the Pacific. The
general, and in many respects, law
ful uprising of our people has
stripped the question of the false
hoods bT which it was surrounded
It is not the revolt of one class
against another, however justifia
ble, but of a unanimous people de
termined to prevent the further
defilement of this fair land by a
heathen horde. It is Americanism
asserting itself against the debased
and servile Mongolism of Asia.
For the time being the Pacific
coast is fighting on the forepost of
civilization. The movement is
one which will occupy a greater
space in history than the small
souls who are now seeking to
dwarf or divert it for gain, imagine
possible. It will rank second in
the great moral and philanthropic
movements of the epoch. The
overthrow of black slavey was the
first. The extinction of the more
subtle coolieismof the present day
is the second.
Senator Mitchell's bill is neces
sarily more in accord with the ris
ing tide of popular determination
to extirpate the Chinese evil once
for all than any previous measure.
There ought, in the present condi
tion of things, be no trouble about
accepting it. There is no recip
rocity at all in our dealings with
China. "We have received no re
ciprocal advantages. The case
can be summed up in a few werds:
"We enjoy no more rights in China
than any other civilized nation;
but our country alone has been
opened up for the traffic of the
man-dealers of Canton. That
traffic is openly carried on with
Cuba, Brazil and Asia and is sanc
tioned by treat'. Here it is
cloaked and disguised because our
laws forbid forced labor. Some
people do not believe that the Chi
nese are held to service and labor
in the United States, because the7
do not see them driven about in
The chains which bind these
slaves arc invisible. They arc
forged out of their religion and
their civil noli t v. The relatives of
the Chinese peon are mortgaged
at his home for the faithful per
formance of his contract. If he
fail they are sold into slaver'. He
goes about apparently as a free
man, but his acts show the collar
on his neck. Expensive lawyers
are hired to represent coolies in
the efforts to evade the restriction
law, but in nothing else. Coolies
move in obedience to orders issued
by a central authorit'. They can
not leave the country without the
permission of their owners. If
tbey attempt to do so they are re
moved from the steamer under
trumped up charges of felony.
By cutting the Gordion knot as
proposed by Senator Mitchell, we
bring this slave incursion to an
end. There is no reason to be
lieve that such a summary method
of proceeding will result in the
commercial loss ol any kind.
Even if it did, every consideration
of patriotism, morals, philanthropy
and civilization would require
that the sacrifice should be made.
But China has too good a thing in
the trade with the United States
to relinquish it. Besides we are
masters of the situation, By dis
criminating duties on tea and silk,
we ean build up Japan at the ex
Nor is there any necessity for
diplomatic delay. No nation is
bound to continue a treaty that is
working it a constant and manifest
injury. Great Britain did not ask
permission when it modified by
act of parliament the extradition
treaty which it had with us. It
was enough for it that, in its opin
ion, that treaty was doing violence
to some of the principles upon
which its government was found
ed. No permanent, satisfactory
arrangement can be made whereby
certain classes of a people whom
we know but little, and ol whose
language we are all ignorant, are
to be admitted and certain others
excluded. The exigencies of the
Burlingame treat', when the ob
ject was to adhere to the letter of
the one-sided document required
that some such arrangement
should be set up, but for the rea
sons stated, it can never be made
to work. There will always bf
fraud and imposition in the admin
istration of apy law of that kind.
It is by far preferable that an end
should be made of the whole busi
ness right off. The Chinese cannot
be admitted to this country. There
are millions of them standing
ready to overwhelm us if the gates
are not finally and firmly shut.
It is considered settled that
Howard and Terry will get the
vacant major generalships.
The New Model
Restaurant Oyster House,
Is "ot Open and Heady for Rusluesi
Opposite the Crystal Palace,
Where we will be Pleased to Serve our
Customers Day and Night,
At Reasonable Kates.
Give us a Call and Judgo for
Comer ol Water and West Ninth Streets.
Choice Liprs ai Cigars!
Erery Attention to the Comfort of Patrons.
Offich of the Light-House )
inspectoit.thibtkkxth district. v
1'oiiTi.AXD, Oheg., February 20th. 1S8C. 1
WILL BE SOLD AT PUBLIC AUCTION,
at 12 o'clock, on Saturday, the 20th
day of aiarch, 18&5, at Astoria, Oreg., the
old light-house steamer. Shubriclc. Pull in
formatiou as to dimensions of steamer, terms
of sale., can be obtained on application to
this omce. The right is reserved to reject
anv or all bids.
Lieut. U. S. N..
To the Editor of The Astohiax, for the
benefit of the Maritime Public and the
Board of Trade.
By publishing this statement you will give
the people of Oregon, ship masters and ship
agents an idea how the legalized licensed
pilot for the State of Oregon has got to work
for the iuteiest of the state In a commercial
point without deriving aiy benefit what
everfor instance. I piloted the Br. bk.
County of MerloncUi into this port, gave sat
isfaction to the master of said vessel, and
boarded her on her arrival from Portland
bound to sea. The master accepted my
sen-ices at that time, but when he went
to engage the services of a tug boat the
agent. Oapt. Flarel, told him definitely,
"I will not have one of my tugs tow your
vessel to sea with an Oregon pilot on board."
Feb. 2lst, '63. S a M., I went aboard the said
vessel and offered my services. Capt. Wat
kinds said, "Pilot, I appreciate vourabllities
as a pilot, nnd want your services to pilot
my vessel out over" Columbia river bar. but
It Is impossible for me to take ou, as by
doing so I shall be deprived of the privilege
or having a tow boat to tow my vessel to
sea' At 9 :30 a. m. one of the Washington
Territory pilots, hired by the agent of the
lortland & Astoria Tug Boat Co., came
on board to pilot the vessel to sea. The
captain having no alternative took the tug
boat pilot, paying for said pilot's services
Slil; and I. with the other Oregon pilots
connected with the State of Oregon pilot
schooner God. Moody,Ka for our compensa
tion the following letter.
n . THOMAS DOIG.
Columbia River Bar Pilot
for State of Oregon.
AsToniA. Feb. 20th. 18S0.
This h to certify that Mr. Dolg piloted my
vessel, the bk. County of Merioneth In over
the bar, and I can highly recommend him to
any one as a competent pilot.
Master or Br. bk.
County of MerloneUu
General Blacksmith Qg.
Horseshoeing a Specialty,
Shop In Rear of Aup.Danielson's Saloon.
2AU Work Guaranteed
Best on Ms MarM.
FRAKK L. PARKER.
To Ship Masters and Ship Owners!
STEVEDORES AND RIGGERS
San Francisco, Portland anil Astoria.
Portland Offlce - - 1C North Front Street.
The attention of ship master? and owners
H directed to our superior facilities and low
rates for loading and unloading vessels.
Offlce at K. C. Holden's.
TIIIE BUILDING KNOWN AS MUSIC
X. Hall, formerly occupied by ltoht. Will
gren. Fully furnisheaand ready for business.
Also the building formerly occupied by
Jen's restanrant, where Jeff made his fort
une. Roth building- are in the best business lo
cation in the city. A good chance for the
For particulars applv to
Gilding, Bannors,Oil Cloth Signs.
Fence Advertising-, Price Marks, etc
0. S. LANE,
Mion and offlce on Cass street : Pike Bros.'
Annual School Meeting.
7VTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TO THE
IN legal voters of School DLstrlct No. i.
Upper Astoria, Clatsop county, Oregon, that
the annual school meeting of said district
will be held at the school house in said dis
trict, at the hour or 7 :S0 i m. on the first
Mondav, being the 1st day or March A. D.
The above meeting is called for the pur
pose of electing one director to serve for
three years, and one clerk to serve one year,
and for the transact lou of such other busi
ness as may proieriy come before the meet-
Mbs. MARY LEINENWEBER,
Astoria, February' 1", 1SSG.
Notice to Cannerymen.
WE ARE AGENTS FOR HENDERSON &
Withers for the sale of their chaicoal
and can furnish any amount desired. Please
call and see as before purchasing elsewhere.
BOZORTH & JOHNS.
ALL PERSON'S INDEBTED TO THE
"Crystal Palace" are requested to set
tle their accounts at once, as all accounts not
settled within ten day-., will be placed In the
hands of au attorney for collection.
Ya fiff Ca A-
IS SOW OPES TO MEMBERS
Each Week Day and Evening as Follows :
YouDcDIen ; Tuesday, Thursday and Sat
IIovh under 18; Monday, Wednesday and
Ladles; Saturday afternoons.
'Membership Tickets and Kcv3canbe had
from any of the officers.
Astoria Planing Mill
HOLT & CO. Proprietors.
Scroll and Turned Balustrades,
BOAT MATERIAL, ETC.,
Orders Solicited and Promptly Attended to.
As to Style, Quality and Trices.
Mill and Oillce cor. Polk and Concomly Sts
Address IIOX.T & CO.
OfkickA. A. Q.M., I
Fort Caxbv. W. T.. Feb. 21. irsg. f
SEALED PROPOSALS IN DUPLICATE,
with copies or this advertisement at
tached will be oncned at this offlce in the
presence or bidders at 9 :3o o'clock a. m..
March 30th, 1880, for the construction of a
hospital at this post in confoimity with mod
ified plans and specifications for a two story
hospital of twelve beds, as published in Cir
cular No. 10, Surgeon General' Office, U. S.
A., October -JO, 1877,
Allthe material tobeorthebestquality the
market affords. The lumber to be thorough
ly seasoned, free from knots, sap or cracks,
and delivered at this past properly piled and
covered, to Insure proper condition when re
quired for use.
The construction to commence about the
1st of May and the building to be comp'etod,
ready for occupation by the SOth or Septem
Plan3. specifications and blank proposals
can be obtained at this office.
The right to 1 eject any or all proposals is
Envelopes to be endorsed "Proposals for
L. A. CHAMBERLIN,
1st L't 1st Artillery, A. A. Q. M.
St. Charles Hotel,
C. W.KNOWLES .... proprietor
Fikst Class ix Evert Respect,
Good Restanrant Connected with UieHoase
Fire-proof Brick Building. ISO Booai.
In the Canter of the City.
Cor. Front and Morrison St?., Portland, Or
SHUTE & CO.,
FINE IMPORTED CIGARS.
You can rely on getting a Good Cigar
CIGAR AND TOBACCO STORE,
Opposite D. L. Beclc & Son's.
IN NEW QUARTERS!
Having Consolidated My Business with the
Astoria Furniture Co.,
I now offer the largest and Most Complete Assortment or
Fine and Plain Furniture, Bedding, Carpets, Oil Cloth,
Window Shades, Pictures, Houlding, etc.,
At Portland Prices, and Invite a Call
Line, Guaranteeing Satisfaction in Every Respect.
C H AS. HEILBORN-
K. Lemon & Co.,
Stevedores and Kiggers,
PORTLAND and ASTORIA.
Poutland Offick No. IC North Front St
BOOTS and SHOES,
W. T. PARKER
C. E. BAIN.
DOORS, WINDOWS, BRACKETS.
Mouldings, Window Frames, etc.
A Full Supply of Material. Bids Furnished :
Contract "Work a Specialty.
Mill and Office on the Old Site.
o f Everybody in Want of Goods in My
G. A. STINSON & CO.,
U Capt. Itogers old stand, corner of Cass
and Court Street".
Ship and Cannery work. Horseshoeing.
Wagons made and repaired. Good work
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Java and C. R. Coffee
M E. Maple Syrup
Choice Canned Fruits
French Peas and Mushrooms
Pine Apple and Edam Cheese
Spanish Que en Olives
Goods Sold at Lowest Gash Prices.
Hay, Oats, ani Straw, Line, Uriel, Cmeni, Sand ai Plaster
Wood Delirered to Order. lira) Inr, Teaming and Express Business.
TEH apply to the Captain, or to
:aar -a.. skEoiKrTcs-oiMEiEm'sr,
Tin, Sheet Iron, ami Copper "Ware. A general assortment of Household Goods
ItlAGEE STOVES AII RASGES, THE BEST I A THE M ABKET .
Plumbing goods of all kinds on hand. Job work done in a workmanlike manner.
Plumbing, Cas Fitting and Cannery Work attended to promptly
On Reasonable Ternv.
Cliennmns Street, Next to C I. Parker's Store, Astoria, Oreson.
THE OREGON SHORT LINE.
1 1 TO 500 MILES THE SHORTEST : 12 TO 48 HOURS THE QUICKEST
CHICAGO, BOSTON, NEW YORK,
And All Toints Ka.t.
Rates 8.K0 to 810.25 Hie Cheapest to
Council Bluffs, Omaha, Kansas City,
AND OTHER POINTS.
Pullman Palace and Krulrrnnt Sleeping Cars hauled on Express
Trnius Hxrlusivelyivlthout change.
If von arc Koine east write for Hatf. Mars Time Tables, Guides and Full Information.
FKEE OF ClIAltGi:.
E.A.XOYES, W. L. GARRET80X.
Agent, Astoria. Asst. Agt., Astoria.
General Agent, No, l, Washington street. Portland, Oregon.
W to Sell?
IN T1IE aiATTEH OF
Rags, Bottles, Old Metal,
or Junk of Any Sort,
FOABD & STOKES
Will give you the best price Tor it.
Do You Want to Buy
From a Belaying Pin to a Hawser ; from
Block to an Anchor.
You Can Get what You Want
at FOARD & STOKES.
Headquarters at building, cast end
Magnus G, Crosby
HARMS, IRON, STEEL,
Iron Pipe and Sittings,
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS
SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD
TIxl AND Copper.
VirffiniaCIffar anfl Toliacco Store
J. W. BOTTOM, Proprietor,
Water Street, Two Doors East of Olney.
Fine Clears, Tobaccos and Smokers Articles,
Sold at Lowest Market Rates.
FRUITS. CANDIES, NOTIONS.&c.
India Currie Powder
Boston Baked Beans
Bahama Pine Apple
London Layer Raisins
Choice Dried Fruits
Choice Fancy Crackers
Salem Capitol Mills Flour
Cove Mills Flour
Etc. Etc. Etc.
Eben P. Parker,Master.
For TOWING, FREIGHT orCHAU
H. U. PARliKK.
L. K. G. SMITH,
Cigars ai Totaco
Meerschaum and Briar Pipes,
Cutlery, Playing Cards, Etc,
Will sell to Retailers and Saloon Keeper?
at San Francisco rates.
Manager. Chenamus Street,
WM. LOEB & CO.,
Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
A-Large Stock ol
FIRST CLASS GOODS!
The Trade Supplied
AT J.OYT2ST MARKET RATES.
All orders lllled promptly and accurately.
Agents for First Class
Foreign and Domestic Brands
Next door to Wells, Fargo's Express offlce.
(Late Cutter with M. D. Kant.) '
A Cood Fit Guaranteed.
Pants, from 58 np. Suits from ?30 up.
Shop opposite C. H. Cooper's.
-Jf 3 -S.VW- -'
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