a) , ma She gaUgstorfm ASTORIA. OREGON: 'SATURDAY OCTOBERS. 1SS5 Fltl'ITLESS GIFTS OF RICH MEN. Theri: has recently been dedi cated at Garden City, on Long Island, a cathedral, the gift of A. T. .Stewart, which cost $2,000,000. It is the most costly edifice for re ligious worship in the country. It is said that the Protestant Episco pal bishop in whose diocese this ca thedral -has been erected, has more than once raised the question as to what shall be done with it. It is a proverb that you must not look a gift horse in the mouth. But one may look into the pore-he's of the most costly cathedral in the United States, and even inquire as to its. real value. The cathe dral is a foreign idea. It has hardly been naturalized in this coutry. It is associated with wealth, aristocracy and civil gov ernment, far removed from the simplicity of Republican institu tions. Stewart had long been known as the most successful dry goods merchant in this country. He had thrift and perseverance, and was known withal as a hard man, es pecially to his employes. To wards the close of his life this successful dry goods merchant wished to do something which should associate .his name with something besides dry goods and sheeting. He planned a Woman's Hotel. It was a complete failure. He planned Garden City, buying a tract of almost barren land on Long Island, an hour's ride by railroad from New York. He began to build a city. The name sun-frests what he would make of DO it a suburban garden spot. He built houses for rent on what he considered moderate terms. He provided for a school and a col lege there. What was to be his crowning work was the building of a cathedral there. That edifice has been dedicated with impressive ceremonies. But in all Garden City, and the country within rea sonable distance, there is not a population inclined to cathedral worship large enough to make a respectable congregation. It is a notable fact that the most suc cessful merchant of his dav was the most unsuccessful of men when he undertook to distribute his bounty. There were at least four nota ble failures. Although they did not all occur in his lifetime, yet the failures would have been just as certain had he lived; viz., the "Woman's Hotel," Garden City, the school and college and lastly the cathedral. Peter Cooper made no failures in the distribu tion of his bounty. A. T. Stewart made a succession of failures. The difference is a radical one. Cooper knew how to get close to the people. He was of them. He had no aristocratic tendencies in his nature. lie wanted to do good to the t;reatebt number. Stewart proposed to be helpful to a few. The plan of Garden City had some good feature;. But it was essentially select and exclu sive. The school and the cathe dral were an evolution of the class idea. The Woman's Hotel was hedged in with so many conditions that it finally became repugnant to the very class he sought to ben In short the richest and most successful merchant in the country spent the later years of his life in planning ways for the distribution of a considerable part of his wealth, and all his plans turned outiailures. Save in. the one in stance of the Woman's Hotel, he planned for well-to-do classes. They did not need his "patron age."- His plans were sentiment al, grandiose, and just the opposite all along of those cherished and executed by Peter Cooper. The former was thinking all the while of his own monument. The emp ty crypt in the cathedral at Gar den City does not even now re ceive the bones of Stewart. Peo ple do not flock to Garden City. The poor are not wanted. The prosperous prefer to go elsewhere and build for themselves. There is a providence which works un seen to defeat sentimental and grandiose plans of founding and building up institutions. It is not given to any one man to build a city nor to found a great uni versity. It needs a community of hands, heads and gifts. Girard founded a college for orphans. It was not quite a fail ure. But it has required a lavish expenditure of money to educate a few boys. The great university of Pennsylvania, with an expend iture not so great, educates ten pupils and much bctte r for every one educated at Girard College. When a ri ch man under takes to build a church he gener ally makes a failure of it. The edifice may be a good one, but the congregation which the great "middle class" furnishes, will not be found in his church. Even the. state, representing a political unit, docs not always succeed so well in founding universities, as an aggre gation of individuals working vol untarily, quite independent of all state control. J here arc wise founders and unwise ones. Cooper and Stewart are striking instances of each class. From the day Stewart began to work for the establish ment of his institutions, there was providence at work to disestablish them. He had a horror of waste. He had gathered cautiously by at tention to many details. It was a fortunate circumstance that he did not live to see the waste re sulting from plans which had essentially c ome to naught. Johns Hopkins, the Quaker, left several millions for educational and hos pital purposes. He left the shap ing of institutions very much to others. The school for which he provided took the shape of a uni versity. But beyond that was the maornificent nrovision for a 0 x hospital, where every possible al leviation for the ills that afflict humanity are to be applied. There was no sentiment about his gifts, and no monument building. Johns Hopkins university to-day has no magnificent structures. The spirit of the Quaker humani tarian would have been disturbed by the thought that a dollar of his gifts should go into any monu mental buildings. There never have been greater opportunities for the employment of wealth for the building up of educational institutions than are now presented in this comparative ly new country. The mistakes here and there may serve as bea cons to indicate dangers which are nearly as great as the opportunities. New communities are poor. They cannot command large means for tke establishment of institutions. Peter Cooper saw that in the great city of New York there was a grand opportunity to help a mul titude of young persons to a knowledge of skilled industries. There are thousands to-day to bless his memory because of the personal benefit which his founda tion has been to them. If there are not thousands to bless the memory of A. T. Stewart, more is the pity. The empty marble cathedral is there. A joint conference of the San Francisco chamber of commerce, board of trade and manufacturers1 association, with senators and con gressmen of this state, was held last Thursday. Resolutions were adopted urging the California con gressional delegation to bring the following measures before cengress: Distribution of subsidies among American steamship companies be tween this and foreign countries; the Nicaragua canal scheme; dis tribution of public money in Cali fornia; holding of large tracts of land by aliens; reciprocity treaty with Mexico, and Pacific coast defences. The meeting closed with a resolution to have the Chi nese restriction act amended, so as to preclude all possibility of the intent being defeated by the Chinese. Wilson & Fishe Ship Chandlers, HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE ASTORIA IRON WORKS. BentoxStrfet, Ni:ai: Fakkkk nousK, ASTORIA. - OREGON. IIKI. Paints, Oils, and Varnish. LOGGERS' SUPPLIES. PROVISIONS miliTfeed AGEXTo FOR Salem Flouring Mills, Portland Boiler Mills, Capital Flour and FAIRBANKS' SCALES. A.STOK1 A. OREGON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LMDailiilEEffiffi Boiler Work. Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. trnl lfcriitionH niiilc to Wider at Short Xotlrr. A. I). Wass. President. .1. O. HusTi.KK.Srcretaty, 1. W.Oak, Treasurer. .ions Fox.Siiperintendent. . R. Lemon & Co., Stevedores and Riggers, PORTLAND and ASTORIA. Foi:ti.axi OrFicK No. 1G North Front St. Groceries Cheap for Cash! Tea. Tea, Tea, CASE CASH . E. L. P. FRANK I. PARKER. In this city October 23rd. 18ST, Nellie Wcstcrncld, nReil 20 years. Silver City, New, and Los Angelas Ca!., papers please copy. NEW TO-DAY. "?'? .&& W5 JGiittS DF.AIEK IK Hay, Oats, ii Straw, time, BM, Cement, Sand, and Plaster AVr.o.1 Delivered to Onler. Prajint;, Teaming anil Express Business rSs5 ii SPECIAL Household Furniture. OX ACCOUNT OF DEPARTURE. On Tuesday. Oclober 27, 2 P. M. IKSTirrCTED BY CAPT. R. E. HOWES, I will sell at bus residence, opposite the Congregational Church, a lot or Household Furniture, consisting in part or Chairs, ta bles, Bedsteads, Bed-Lounge. Black "Walnut n.tunnn T.lli l-irlnr inil fVlflVinf Stnvi'S. etc. Also, 3 Globed with Gold Fish and a lot nt win nnusft Plants including a beautiful Calla I.lllv In bloom : 3 Cords Sawed Wood. ft V. HOLDEX, Auctioneer. IN NEW Having Consolidated 3Iy Business with the Astoria Furniture Co., I now offer the InrpeM and Most Complete A'srttri.t of Fine and Plain Furniture, Bedding. Carpets. Oil Cloth. Window Shades, Pictures, Moulding, etc., At Portland Prices, and Invite a Call of Everybody in "Want of Goods in My Line, Guaranteeing Satisfaction in Every Respect. tlggsssiaslSsi n:u ..pj'ly 'nMu. Captain, orto STKAIWEK 4 CLARA PARKER Eben P. Purker.Master. - - For TOWING, FREIGHT or CHAR- II. 15. PARKER. THE NEW MODEL Special Auction! ELEGANT Home wmm iti Wednesday, Oct. 28, 10:30 A. M. VSSJTIPiG CARDS. A Lnre Sloek of FINE VISTTIXtf CARDS, Of Every Grade TO BSOLO FOR CASH. AT THE ASTORIAM OFFICE. ???? MmS HESIIaBORN. BBflBMl and 'SwBI J. Candies; E. MAETIS". Fruits. Foreign Domestic. Every Var.ety of Fruit in Season. j Siiuemmtua Street. . ITpsil Door to the Gem Saloon. HEADODARTEBS FOB SCHOOL BOOB, Anil School Supplies at Adler's B B Y DIRECTION OF C. W. KNOWLE3. Eso.. I will dispose of the eleeant ana well kept Household Furniture contained in his late residence at Alderbrook. consist ing in part of : Paklok. 1 Handsomely Upholstered Parlor Set. consiwtlnc of Sofa. "small Chairs and 1! large Easy Clialrs. 1 Solid Black Walnut Patent Itocker ; 1 Solid Cherry do. : 1 Fine Sewing Kocker; 1 Black Walnut Folding Kocker ; 1 Elegant Marble Top Cen ter Table; 1 very large and haudsome French Plate Mirror; l Large Book Case; l Swing Lamp, chrystal pendants ; 2 Black Walnut Stands ; 1 Parlor Stove ; 30 yards Body Brussels Carpet, elegant bonier, good as new. Also, ONE EXTRA FINE I. and E. lischer Upright Grand Piano, Worth New $300, Drviva Room. l Black Walnut Exten sion Table ; I Afternoon Tea Table ; 4 Hand some B. "W. D. R. Chairs : 1 Round Table; l Handsome What-not : 1 Swine Lamp, chrys tal pendants ; Fine Cut Glass liomeis, wine Giasses, etc ; Paintings and Engravings : Heating Stove and 25 yards Body Brussels Carpet. Bed Room Fuukituhe. 1 Solid Black Walnut Marble Top Suit ; 1 Ash ditto ; 2 Easy Chairs: 2 Rugs: 1 Chest of Drawers: Spring Mattresses ; Window Shades ; Pict ures ; 2 Patent Nickel Lamps and yards Body Brussels Carpet. Hall. l Black "Walnut Hatrack and Um brella Stand: 1 Hall Lamp and Brussels Carpet ou floor. Kitchen. 1 Medallion Range with Hot Water Pipes and Boiler Attatchment. and Furniture Comnlete : 1 Patent Kitchen Table ; 1 Kitchen Safe ; 1 Refrigerator : Lot of Sundries. 1 Baby Carriage. ALSO At Close of the Above Sale, Books Sold Positively LOWER THAN ANY OTHER HOUSE. ACEHCY FOR EXCHANGE AND INTRODUCTION OF NEW BOOKS To Br Used, nt Prices Established by iw STATE SCHOOL BOARD. AT" A-DT.T'S BOOK S"3?C33ES.3ES- J A FULI. STOCK RANGE CAN BE HAD IN AS TORIA ONLY OF & B. HAWE9, AGENT PAl.L AND EXAMINE IT. YOU WILL BE PLEASED. K.K. II AWES Is also agent for the Ml patent Cooiii StOTe And other first-class Stoves. Furnaoo "Work. Steam Fit tings, etc, a specialty ALWAYS ON HAND. TO 3sr .A.. y, MOISTTG-OMB DEALER iy Tin, Sheet Iron, and Copper Ware. A general assortment of Household Goods. AOEXT FOR JIAOEE STOVES AKI RANGES, THE BEST EX THE MARKET. Plumbing goods or all kinds on hand. Job work done In a workmanlike manner. Plumbing, Cas Fitting and Cannery Work attended to promptly On Reasonable Teims. CbcnnmiH Street. Xext to 1. Parker'8 Store. Astoria. Oregoa. HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS. HOUSE. A. V. S1?i North Pacific Wholesale and Retail Dealer in QrooerisSs BREWERY, , JOHN KOPP, - - - Proprietor. FMvisi$n& '5 MILL FEED. Patronize Home Industry! We supply as GOOD A QUALITY OF BEER As Any in the Market, AS KKASOXABIjI: a imjick. ni i rt I irif li ass anu r aieo ware, a: TROPICAL AM) DOMESTIC I FRUITS AMD VEGETABLES. iMOfillMflcBlSIIiryte Together v.ith Wines, LiquorsJobacmGigars W.1I. AI.T.KA. ITop'r. first Class in Every Respect. Free Coach to the House. INTERNATIONAL HOTEL Corner Thiril anil KStrcctH, PORTLAND, - - - OREGON. Our facilities are such that v.e defy competition. This is the largest anil most respectably kept Hotel in the Northwest. Hartae ani Ship CWlerj VAN DUSEN & CO.. DSALBB3-IK Hardware and Ship Chandlery Pure Oil, Bright Varnish, Binacle Oil, Cotton Canvas, Hemp Sail Twine, Cotton Sail Twine, Lard Oil, Wrought Iron Spikes, Galvanized Cut Nails, Agricultural Implements Sewing Machines, Paints and Oils, Groceries, etc. Board and Lodging S 1 .00 per day MEALS.2.1 cents. LODGIKG.Sand Mcents Free Buss to and from the House. INSTRUCTED BY X. II. WBIIBER, KSfJ. I will sell at his residence ; The Journal defit. J'eUf-sburf, commenting on the Roumelian question says: "Prince Alexander appears to ignore the fact that his submission to the powers is a duty created by the treaty of Berlin! and sees no intention on the part of Bulgaria to return to a status quo." It regrets the action of Ser via and Greece in ordering for midable armaments and declares that Russia, more than any other power, must prevent fratricidal contest in the Balkans. ihe Journal is most pronounced in its denunciations of Bulgaria for hav ing brought about the present state of affairs and says the powers are unanimous in their desire to restore the status quo, and al though such action is bristling with obstacles and pitfalls, this unanimity justified the Kope of success. LOT HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, AND EFFECTS. 2 3111k Coirs; 5 dez. FowIb and .J dor. Tame Ducks and lot of Sundries All Sold on Account of Departure. E. c. noxiKX. Auctioneer. Holders Auction Rooms Established January 1st, 1877. E. C. HOLBEN. Ileal Estate ami General Auctioneer and Commission Wlerchant, Chenamus Street, - Astoria, Oregon. Auction sale of Sundries every Saturday, at 10 W A. at., at my Auction Rooms. Will conduct Auction Sales of Real Estate, Cattle, and Farming Stock wherever de sired. Cash Returns Tromptly made after Sale. Consignments respectfully solicited. Notary Public for the State of Oregon. Commissioner or Deeds for Washington Territory. Agent for Dally and Weekly Orcaonian. Is Pure and Unadulterated. It gives general Satisfaction and is Furn Mieti in Quantities to Suit. Leave Orders With Wm. Bock. Germauia Saloon, or Ciuns. Evkssox, next to Foard & Stokes. Daily Delivery in Any Part of the City. Carnaiian & Co. SUCCESSORS TO W. CASE, T X. IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE AND RKTA1L DEALERS IN I I jsui; ''orner Chenatnus and Cas3 streets. ASTORIA - - - OREGON i3-.o Chinese Employcd.-a E. Lenl&ton, (Late of Minnesota IIouse)Prop. O. CLARK, AGENT. C. Y. KNOWLES. L. D. RROWX. St. Charles Hotel, (European Plan.) BROWN & KN0W7.ES - - Proprietors First Class ix Every Respect. Good Restaurant Connected with the House Fire-proof Brick Bailding. ISO Rooms. In the Center of the City. Cor. Front and Morrison Sts.. Portland. Or Special Auction. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2 P. H. Instructed by Mr. J. A. McCrca I will sell on the premises all the well kept furniture of THE ROSGOE RESTAURANT Consisting In part of 3 doz. D. R. Chairs ; l doz. Restauraut Tables : 10 Rosers Bros.' Silver-plated Castors ; fl doz. Knives, silver plated Forks, Table and Tea Spoons : A tine assortment of Jtestauraut Crockery and Glassware, and Table Linen ; Lace Curtains and patent Window Shades ; Black Walnut Hat Racks ; 1 Mirror ; 1 Eight-day Clock : Oil Chromos and Engravings : 3 patent Coal Oil Lamps; Sideboard; Shelving and Coun ter with Alarm Till. Also, No. 8 Cooking Stove, with Hot Water Apparatus attached, and Cookimr Furniture : an assortment of Oyster Cooking Utensils; Cleavers, Butcher Knives, Meat saw. etc. ; urocenes, rickies, Crackers, etc. Also, One Street Lamp, and about 2 cords of Sawed Wood, and lot of Sundries. R. C. HOLDEN, Auctioneer. THE OREGON SHORT LINE. 11 TO 500 MILES THE SHORTEST: 12 TO 48 HOURS THE QUICKEST. TO CHICAGO, BOSTON, NEW YORK, And All Points East. Kates SS.UO to SI 0.2:; tin Cheapest to Council Bluffs, Omaha, Kansas City, AND OTHER POINTS. Pulliuau Palnce and Kniisraiit Nlceplnr Cars hauled en Express Trains Exclusively wltliont Change. If vou are goinc east write for Rates. Mars, Time Tables, Guide and Full Information. FREE OF CHARGE. E.A.XOYES. Y. I. CARRETSOX. Agent, Astoria. Asst. Agt., Astoria. B. CAMPBELX.. General Agent, No, 1, Washington street, Portland, Oregon. ST, BAVINS, 7I3 Howard St. 3Iear Third. San JPranclsco. A first-class Lodging Hotel, containing 190 rooms : water and gas in each room ; no bet ter beds in the world; no guest allowed to use the linen once used by another ; a large reading room; hot and cold water; baths free. Price of rooms Per nlght,o0c and 75c ; per week, from $2 upward. Open all night. R. HUGHES, Proprietor. At Market street Ferry, take Omnibus line of street cars to corner of Third and Howard. ASTOR HOUSE. BEST Dollar a Day Hotel in the North West Mrs. Sophia Daggett, Proprietor. Special Attention Paid to the Comfort of Guests. Corner Olney and Jefferson Streets, ASTORIA, OREGON. RATES, ONE DOLLAR A DAY. To Rent. NESS OFFI Apply at this Office. A FINE BUSINESS OFFICE. CENTRAL- xa. ly located. Mi GoliJei elry, Star! Pin, Mis, f Jtiiu, Pianos and Orsans or tke Best make at tke lowest Prices. The finest stock of Jewelry in Astoria. S-All goods warranted as represented. GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER Astoria and Seaside BAKERIES, ED. JACKSON. - Proprietor. The best Bread, Cakes and rastry In the City Ice Creams and Ornamental "Work to order Manufacturer of Fine Candles. EXCURSION TICKETS! FROM ASTORIA TO PORTLAND AND RETURN For $2.50, ON THE "TELEPHONE," TH0S. MAIRS, (Late Cutter with M.D. Kant.) FasMonaWe Tailor A Good Fit Guaranteed. CHAKGES MODERATE. Shop opposite Bozorth & Jokns.