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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (June 14, 1885)
VOL. XXIII, NO. 142.
ASTORIA, OREGON, SUNDAY, JTNE 14, 1885.
PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
TM'.'i. A. Ii. and J. A. fUI.TOX.
WIH dn pnmmt ctUentiou to alt cnIK ;
immm nay irt of tlie city or rtmiitry. ,
(Hftee wr Alton's Store. cemtr Ca.s ami
- laetRfeiim streets. A4r!. (jrCMi.
Telephone No. -si.
' K. FEIAX2E. 1A y.
PJiyirInis nmlSurirooi. ,
(fie:, Rooms, over I). A. Mcintosh s stoic. '
OKTICE ISOCKS :- JO II A. . ; 3 IO I". 31. j
IksaMtroee. hsU lho.IohHHsen wiUdini;
mm. A. 01tKIS. GRO. J"01.A;'I
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
tatter In Klattey's Ww. ; Cif.
r.aSt. AHartai. OregfHt.
ATTOUXKY.S AT LAW.
-josBrss a. :::.!..
ATTOUNEY AT LAW.
OKPICR. on C siet, . dour mhsUi f
)Ari l't4tww Building.
4'latis t'onnty ami 'y of Astoria.
Ofltop :-C3lamH. slnft. Y. M. G. A. Ml.
1Nhh Km. S.
tttftrnt'3" ami !onu!!i'r at Lav.',
onee m CnenitHMU Sfc, Aatorfn, Oregon.
r- v. t.:-:tK..
AHOIHTRCT AND SITPR'.HNTiJNDKKT.
OFi'int : 1Um.jii 9, Khsr'.s llitok lflocl;,
TA.Y TUTT!.tL 25. .
PHYSICTAX AKD SURGHOS
Oi'PXCK Homus J. 2, autl S Pythian Eaild
KHSumaion On Cfrtar Siitci. UscK J
. Mary's Hostrila'..
I- 1. IIMKS. A. K.S1I.UV
lUwiMCiu Alien's lluiiiliii?. j Main. r
v? Cans and Sit'X5iHi greets. Atoila
banking AHBJHSUBAHGE !
j. w. CASS,
Broker, Banker, and Insur
OFKICEH0l RS :
rti 8 o'clock A. M. tHitit :: o'clock i. M.
II. W.OOHHKTr. -
Fire aii Marine taraocs Co.
OK PORTLAND, OKIttlON.
OiipHal lslA Up.
Cash Assets Rs'tisl.
C. LBlMHnTEBER, - Agent,
I"R piloe. Bums. Cuts: ?:"-
Xysi Sutiburn and rreckles,
Cold in the Haad or Luags. Crcuo.
Ah ITiiab!f IW3.IILY SALYIL S'-lil by
23 Oets n 852.. Try Zt!
AHEAD OF ALL COMPETITORS!
MHiiarMiiirrd on th Gnidr.al Reduction
System by ttio
Saiem (Or.) Capitol Flcur Mills Co.,
Ls lUf tmy flmtr that lias taken First PrJrc
tliree years in suecflsion at ilie
PiJKTLAND 3IKCHAXErj; :A?.
Also at State Fair.
One trial Ik sufficient to convince of Its sni e-
See tlmt the word CAriTOLlsoneach;
CEORGE sniKL, 8 Staik St.,
WILSON & FISH ER, Astoria Agents.
San Francisco and Astoria
Carrying freight; running every ten or
The "ALCALDE" will leave Sai: Franeisco
on the tctli mst.
$1.50 per Ton.
S. II. HARMON,
315 Stuart St., San Francisco, Cal.,
GIATSOP MILL GO., Astoria.
CobinIii5 IRON Tilllx PURE TEOLTAULE
TOXICS, quickly and completely CLEANSES
and ENRICHES THE BLOOD. Quietens
the action of the Lircr and Kidneys. Clears tho
conplcsion, males t ho. sLln smooth. Itdoesnct
injure the teeth, cause headache, or produce con-Miation-ALL
OTHER IR0N2IEDICINES DO.
Phjweiaas and Droggists erejrwhero recommend it.
Dr. X. S Rdooxxb, of Marion. Mass.f ssyn: 'I
rcaommond Broxn's Iron Bitters as araloabls tonts
forennchinsth Wood, and ronjaTins nil djspepuo
Q-mpt'dni. It does not hart the toetn."
Dn It. JI DntzctL. Rprnolda. Ind saj-s: "I
hire prescribed Brmrn's Iron Bitters in cases of
ant:nn and blood diseasos. also when a tonic was
seeded, and it has prorod thorongblr satisfactory."
Me. Wit Brnx3,C6St MarrStKew Orleans. Ia.
sir "Bnian'B Iron Btttors relieved mo in a case
of biwl poisoning, and I heartily commend it to
ti " nddjnR a punSor."
Ti Gnnine has Trade Marl: and crossed red lines
.n wrapper. Tnlcc no other. Made only by
i:::xvv chsuical co., BALTiMoun, m:.
LottV Hakd Book nscfnl and attracUvo, cen-t.'.'.i.-vriistof
prirw for recipes information about
c 1.-1 i c clri avray by all dealers in modirine. or
stilled 1 3 any address en receipt of 2c. stamp.
SN'ELL, ZiL'lTSHU & WOOIUR.'J,
W1101.K.-ALK Agkxts Portland Or g n.
rrom l heoe sources arise turcc-fonri lis
of the diseases ofthe human race. These
symptoms indicnto tlicir enstence:
iLoss of Appetite. Ttoivcls costive,
Kick Headache, fullness nftcr eai
fii?;,i version to exertion of lody or
Ity of teniier,JCov spirits, A feeling
herore tlio eves, hiplily colored
the uo of u rcmccly that acts directly on
tho Liver. AsalivcrmcdiclncTUTT'S
I'lILS have no equal. Tlieiractionon
the Kidneys and SIcin 13 also prompt;
removing all Impurities through these
three " cacncers of the system,"
producing appetite, sound digestion,
regular stools, a clear skin nnd a vig
oroushedy. TCTT'S lir.r.S cause no
jiaucea oi griping nor interfere "With
dail v work jinu arc a perfect
AHTSDOTE. TO MALARIA.
i-yld ercrrw:ierc2;i. Qlficc4j Murnvyat.N Y.
TS31T JQ HAIR nVB
GnAVllAis oaWniSKERS changed in
stanlly to o-Glossv Rlack bynslnglo
application of this DTK. Sold by Drue
its,orontlycxprcssonreccintof51. Otiice, AX Slurrav Street, New York.
JUST'S KACTil. OF US2ITO SSSSBI3 TSIB.
is a secret aid to beauty.
Many a lady owes her fresh
ness to it, who would rather
not tell, and you cant tell.
Man and Beast.
Mustang Liniment is older than
most men, and used more and
more every year.
Oyster and Chop Bouse.
The Best Cooked to Order in First
WR 7.IAKI-: A SPECIALTY OF
Zg-rs-o Ice Crearri
Alex McCrca & Co.,
Genevieve street, rear of Adlcr'.s Crystal
rniat-c. open way arm Atut.
$67,000,000 Capita! !
'Liverpool and London and Globe.
STorth British and mercantile
Of London and Edinburgh.
Old Connecticut of Hartford,
COMMERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA
Firs Insurance Companies,
; Representing a Capital of S67,000 OOO.
R. VAN DUSEN, AuenL
A FIXE BUSINESS-OFFICE. CENTRAL-
located. Apply at this Office.
A RAILROAD IX THE ANDES.
An American buys It from the Peruvian
Government 820,000,000 and 7,000
Lives Sacrificed in Its Partial
Construction 12,178 feet
Above the Sea G3
Alicbael P. Grace, of. New York, the
brother and partner ot Mayor Orrace,
has just concluded the purchase from
the government of Peru of tho won
derful Oroya railrond, the construc
tion of which made Henry jMeiffgs,
the California fugitive, not only rich,
but famous. This road has been
counted as the eighth wonder of tho
world, for there is nothing in the
Rocky mountains or tho Alps which
compares with it as an example of en
gineering science or presents sublimer
scenerv. .unt neituer scenic granu-
ehr nor engineering genius alone can
make a railroad pay, particularly if it
goes nowhere. In this instance tho
money gave out when the road was
only partially completed, there re
maining fifty miles between tho pres
ent terminus (Chicla) and the point
which was aimed at the mines of
Cerro del Pasco, probably the richest
and most extensive silver deposit in
the world. Most of tho grading
and tunnels between Chicla and the
mines have been completed, and it
only remains to lay tho ties and rails
and put in the bridges to send a loco
motive over the Andes into tho great
valley which stretches north and
south between the two Cordilleras.
This Mr. Grace has agreed to do.
The completion of the line to the
mining region will cost S10.0G0.000,
but the portion of the line already
constructed and in operation, with
all its rolling stock, station houses,
and equipments of every sort, he gels
for practically nothing, as under the
conditions of a ninety nine years'
lease he has tho use of the railroad
and all that belongs with it for noth
ing for the first seven years, and pays
but S2o,lXXJ per year rental for the
property during tho remainder of the
term. In other words Mr. Grace eels
a property which cost S27,G0O,0O0
eighty-six miles of railroad already
equipped ahd in operation, fifty miles
of the most expensive tunneling and
grading in the world for nothing, pro
vided he will complotc.the line.
And more than this, lie gets the
Cerro del Pasco silver mines, which
were discovered UoU years ago by
the Jesuits, nnd have yielded -..hundreds
of millions of dollars, even un
der the primitive system ot working
which has been applied to them by
the monks nnd the native Indians.
This Cerro del Pasco district has
given Pent its fame for mineral
wealth, nnd competent engineers as
sert that it contains the richest silver
deposit in the world. Tho silver is
not in fissure veins, but in an enor
mous mass of ore. similar to the car
bonates of Leadville, yielding from
$40 to $100 per ton, and worked at a
cost of $3 per ton. Even the tailings,
which the priests and Indians have
left during the two and a half centu
ries they have been digging away in
their rnde manner, can bo shipped to
rcw iork at a profit, and they
amount to millions of tons, nilh sil
ver enough in them to pay the cost of
constructing the road and affording
it a business that will pay the ox
penses of operation.
About 10 per cent ot the Cerro del
Pasco district is now occnpied bv na
live miners, who are pegging along
in the old fashioned way, losing more
silver than they win in their opera
tions, and securing about one quarter
of the profit they could gam bv the
uso of improved machinery. Their
mines are constantly flooded with
water and have to be abandoned a
greater part of the year. There is
also a number of old mines which
were worked first by the Jesuits and
then by the government, but which
were Jong since given up and allowed
to fill with water. These abandoned
mines Mr. Grace agrees to pump and
place in working order, and when they
aro cleared ho has the privilege of
nuiiiiuj; liitm iu uia vnu jiiuiii
for niuety-nino years. The local
miners have agreed to givo him
20 per cent of their gross product
for introducing pumping machin
ery and operating it. Tho same set
of pumps will servo tho whole dis
trict, and tho revenue which will be
derived from the native miners will
pay the expenses of keeping in order
the mines which Mr. Grace will oper
ate. It is cs'imated that $750,000 will
clean up the property nnd pay for the
necessary machinery to do thorough
work, and tho profits cannot bo over
estimated if all that is told of the
mines is true. I will not repeat the
fables and traditions about these
mines, of which the air is full. The
El Dorado, for which the world was
hunting two centuries ago, was but a
shadow of the substauce said to have
been, found here Away in the heart
of tho Andes, almost beyond the
reach of men, involving an enormous
cost for transportation, and an ex
pense of operation which miners of
modern times would consider unnrof -
itable, tho priests and monks in past
centuries have found untold tons of
treasure. The one-fifth which was al
ways set apart for tho king of Spain,
and of which a record was scrupul
ously kept by the viceroys, reached
into tho millions, and the tithes
which were paid to tho church
amounted to millions more. Daring
the last few decades tho mines navo
scarcely been worked, for as large a
product ot suver as jreru could con
sume was found in more convenient
localities. The railroad was begun
by Mr. Meiggs in 1S70. Starting from
the sea, it ascends the narrow valley
of the once sacred Bimac, rising 5,
000 feet in the first forty-3ix miles to
a beautiful valley, where the people
of Lima have found an attractive
resort; then it follows a winding, gid
dy pathway along the edge of preci
pices and over bridges that seem sus
pended in the air, tunnels the Andes
at an altitude of 15,615 feet the
most elevated spot in tho world where
a piston rod is moved by steam and
ends at Oroya, 12,178 feet above tho
sea. Between the coast and the sum
mit there is not an inch of down
grade, and the track has been forced
through the mountains by a series of
sixty -three tnnnels, whose aggregate
length is 21,000 feet.
The great tunnel of Galera, by
which the pinnacle of the Andes is
pierced, will be, when completed. 3.-
000 feet long, and will be tho highest
elevation on the earths surface
where any such work has been under
taken. Besides boring tho mount
ains of granite and bltisting clefts
along their sides to rest tho track
upon, steep cuttings and superb
bridges, the system of reverse tan
gents had to be adopted in canyons
tuat were too narrow, tor a curve. So
the track zigzags up tho mountain
side on tho switch and back-up prin
ciple, tho trains taking one leap for
ward, and, after being switched on to
another track, another leap backward,
until the summit is won; so that of
ten there are four or five lines of
track parallel to each other, one
above the oth"r, on the mountain
side. Almost tho entire road was
made by blasting. Thero is no earth
in sight excepting what was carted
up for uso in blasting, aud the work
of grading was done not by the pick
and shove!, but with ttho drill and
huudreds of thousands of pounds of
It is estimated that tho construc
tion of this road cost Peru 7,000 lives
from accident and pestilence. Land
slides, falling bowlders, prematnro
explosions, sorrache a disease which
attacks thoso who are not accus
tomed to the raw air of the high al
titudesfevers cansed by deposits of
rotten granite nnd other causes, re
sulted in a frightful mortality during
tho seven years the road was under
construction, bub the project was
pushed on until the fauds gave out.
The cost in human life was no obsta
cle. At several points it wa3 neces
sary to lower men by ropes over the
edge of precipices to drill hole3 in
rocks and put in charges ot blasting
powder, and this reckless style of con
struction was nttendcVl by frequent
A curious accident ocenrred at one
poitit on the line, where a plumber
was soldering a leak in a water pipe.
A train of mules was being driven up
the trail, loaded with cans of powder.
One ot them rubbed against tho
plumber, who struck at the animal
with his red-hot soldering iron, which
in some way came in contact with the
powder and caused an explosion
which blew the whole train ot mules,
the gang of workmen, the plumber
and everybody who was by over the
precipice, whose side3 and bottom
were strewn with fragments of men
aud mules for a mile.
The scenic grandeur of tho Andes
is presented nowhere mere impress
ively than along the canon of tho
Bimac river, which this railroad
follows. The mountains aro entirely
bare of vegetation, aud are simply
monstrous masses of rock, lorn and
twisted, rent and shattered by the
tremendous volcanic upheavals which
often occur here. At the bottom of
the canon, and where it occasionally
spreads out into a valley ot minute
dimensions, aro the remains ot towns
and cities whose origiu is hidden in
the mists of fable, and whose history
is unknown. Here is a region which
bears no resemblance to auy oilier
picture of nature; lifted above the
rest of the world as coldly and calm
ly silent, as impenetrable as the Arc
tic stars. Here was developed a civ
ilization which left memorials of its
advancement, genius and industry
carved m massive stono, and written
upon the everlasting hills in symbols
which even tho earthquakes have
been unable to erase.
Here are the ruins of cities more
populous than any that have existed
in Porn siuce, evidence of industry
which their destroyers wero too indo"
lent to imitate, and a skill which
could cope with everything but the
destructive weapons of the invaders.
A survey of their remains justifies
the estimates of their enormous pop
ulation, which aro that the people
once herded in these narrow valleys
were as numerous as those spread
over tho United States. The struggle
they had to sustain themselves is
shown by the traces of Hioir industry
nnd patience. They built their dwel
lings upon tho rocks, and buried
their dead in caves to utilize what
soil there was for agriculture. They
excavated great areas in the desert
until they reached moisture enough
for vegetation, and then bronght
guano from tho islands of the sea to
fill these sunken gardens. They ter
raced every hill and mountain side,
and gathered soil from crevices in tho
rocks, until not an inch of surface
that could grow a stalk of maize was
The steep mountains along the Bi
mac are terraced up to tho very sum
mit, tho terraces being often as nar
row as the steps of a stairway, and
many of them are walled up with
stone. They are veritable hanging
gardens, and lie on such slopes that
they look as if it were impossible for
any one to get a foothold to cultivate
them, or even for the roots of what
was planted there to sustain them
selves from tho mighty winds which
sometimes blow down "tho valley. It
is, at least, certain that the Incas did
not rase pumpkins or watermelons,
for they would have rolled down the
sides of these farms, which look as if
.they were standing on end.
The irrigation system of the Incas
were perfect, their ditches extended
for hundreds of miles,curvjiig around
the hills, here sustained by high'walls
of masonry, and there cut through
the living rock. They were carried
over narrow valleys upon enormons
embankments, nnd show evidences of
engineering skill as great as that
which lifted tho Meiggs railroad
above the clouds.
ftfc8THE GREAT ,ftiJ
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sciatica,
Lumbago. Backache, Headache. Toothache,
Scro Throat, StTclllngr. Sprntns JJruWcs,
Uarn, bcald, Frtnt IJItc.
AH) ALL OTHER BODILY F.1ISS XSO ACRES.
S('t ly DrcstfU ani Dnhr ertrywbers. FUtjCentta
buttle. OlrecUunj la 11 Lanucs.
THE CH VKLES A. VOGKLXK CO
lSxiu:r.u...VlZZ.ZCJ.) Kaltlccrr. 3-1., U.S. A.
HEAVY AND SHELF
Paints, Oils, and Varnish.
Salein Flouring SLills,
Portland Holler Mills,
Capital rionr and
Gum Boots, Overalls, Shirts, Etc
Xo'st Ioor to Foard & Stokca store, is head
Clothing at Bottom Figures
Everything bought hero Riiaranteed to be
just as represented. No old stock ; every
thing frcMi. and NEW GOODS on every'
Steamer, llonicinber tho place.
PHXf.. A. STOKES fc CO.
car. full line of GENTS' FURNISniNG
GOODS for sale at
IVlccs that Defy Competition.
Delivered at Your Door.
Tills Ice Is cut on Lake CocolluU and Is
All order. left at Tost & Hansen's Astoria
Soda Work will he promptly attended to.
oliiliia Transportation Coiaiy.
FOR PORTLAND !
Through Freight on Fast Time I
Which has been specially built for tho comfort of passengers will leavo
Wilson & Fisher's Dock every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6 A.M. arriving at Portland at 1 P.M.
Returning leaves Portland every
Tuesday and Thursday at 6 A. M. arriving at Astoria at 1 P. M.
t-An additional trip will bo raado on Sunday of Each Weelt, leaving Portland
at 0 O'clock Stmuay morulas;. Passengers by tills route connect at Kahuna
for Souid ports. U. B. SCOTT, President
MKS. EVA "WALLMAX, - Proprietor.
"FirM Class in Every Respect.
Fitted up iriih every Conven
ience ir the Comlbrt of
Transient and Permanent Guests.
Corner Squemoqua and West Sth Street.
2T. D. PARKER, Prop'r.
First Class in Every Respect.
Free Condi to tlio House.
C W. KXOWLES.
U, D. l!KOW.
St. Charles Hotel,
BROWN &KNOWLES - - Proprietors
FinsT Class ix Evert Respect,
Good Restaurant Connected with the House
Fire-proof Urick Baildin?. 150 Rooms.
la tho Center or the City.
Cor. Front and Morrison Sts.. Tortland. Or
B. B. Franklin,
Mertaier ani CaMiet late
XKXT TO Tlin ASTORIAN BUn.DIh'Q.
-All work done In a skillful manner on
short notice at reasonable rates.
HOT MEDICAL SPRINGS.
A Ilack will leave Eugene on the arrival of
the train Irom Portland,
Making the trio from Portland In lews than
two days in daylight.
The Telephone Saloon
The Finest Establishment of
the Kind in Astoria.
Especially fitted up for the Comfort and
Convenience of those who enjoy a
The Best or Wines and Liquors,
The Choicest Cigars.
Everything New and First-Class.
R. I JEFFERY. Prop'r.
Royal Brand Flour
Manufactured by the
OREGON MILLING COMPANY
Is of Superior Duality, and is Endorsed
by all who use it.
THE HOUSEKEEPER'S FAVORITE
Of Superior Rising Quality.
Guaranteed to Give Satisfaction.
WYATT & THOMPSON
Sole Agents for Astoria.
J. A. WILSON.
(Late of San Francisco.)
PAINTER, PAPER HANGER
Has located In Astoria and solicits a share
ef the patronage. All work strictly rlrst
clasj. Terms moderate.
Order box at Van Dusen's.
J. H. D. GKiY,
Wholesale and retail dealer In.
GROCERIES, FLOUR, AKD FEED
Hay, Oats, Straw, Vood, Etc.
LIME, SAftD AND CEMENT.
General Storage and Wharfage on reason
able terms. Foot of Benton street, Astoria,
Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes
Meerschaum and Brier Pipes,
OENUiHE EftGUSH CUTLERY
Revolvers and Cartridges.
CORNER MAIN AND CHENAMUS STS.
The Popular Resort for Astorians.
Finest of Wines and Liquors
Go to THE GEM SALOON.
ALEX. CAMPBELL, - - PROPRD3T0R
Magnus 0. Crosby
HARD? ABE, IM, STEEL,
Iron Pipe and Fittings,
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS
SHEET LEAD. STRIP LEAD
Pi-ro and Copper.
TJnion India Rubber Co.'s
Pure Para Gum
BETVAKE OF IMITATIONS !
Bo sure the boots are stamped CRACK
PROOF on the heels, and have the PURE
GUM SPRINGS on the foot and Instep,
which prevenc their cracking or breaking.
"We are now making them withr RUBBER
AND ASBESTOS Soles which will make
them last more than twice as long as any
Rubber boots made.
FOR SALE BY ALL DEALERS.
ALL KINDS RUBBER BELTING, PACK
ING, HOSE, SPRINGS. CLOTHING,
BOOTS AND SnOES.EtC
GOODYEAR RUBBER CO.
K. II. PEASE. Jr. J Agents,
S.M. RDNYON. J San Francisco.
zzSEE THAT YOU GETz:
" PORTLAND "
For Sale in Xots lo Suit.
1VIZ.S09T & F1SHF.B,
Or sibsox, cnuncH & CO.
Scarf Pins, Chains, Watches,
Pianos and Organs or the Scst
ninlie st the Lowest Prices.
The finest stock of Jewelry In A3toria.
-All goods warranted as represented.
GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER