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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (May 17, 1885)
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IirSSIA AND THE UNITED STATES.
Russia has always been tbo friend,
woll-wislier and helper of this coun
try, and has stood by us loyally in
times of peril. England, on the other
hand, and speaking of its ruling
classes, has until recent years, only
treatecl us with open or covert en
mity or lofty contempt; and, in view
of the facts of even recent history,
England could hardly reproach us if,
in a contest, the people of this coun
try should side against it with its
It is not generally known, proba
bly, how true and loyal and unselfish
a friend Eussia was to us in the mel
ancholy days of our civil war. Eng
land's treatment of us stirs up bitter
recolleotions even now; her greatest
and best men would have been glad
to behold this nation's overthrow,
and did no little to encompass it
Perhaps Russia did not prevent that
catastrophe. But if she did not, she at
least prevented a combination against
this government that would have
added foreign war to our civil strife,
and moreover she stood ready to fight
in our behalf and without expecta
tion of reward. Alexander IL and
Gortschakoff were upon the side of
the United States government from
the beginning. "I was very much
impressed with the real friendship
felt by the Russian government for
the United States," says Simon Cam
eron, who succeeded Cassius M. Clay
as minister to Russia in the winter of
1661-2. It was a friendship steadily
maintained through our darkest
hours and in the face of great Euro
pean pressure. ''Russia alone has
stood by you from the first and will
continue to stand by you," said Gort
schakoff in Ootober, 1862; "wo desire
above all things the maintenance of
the American union as one indivisi
ble nation." The next month
Napoleon IIL made his prop
osition that France, England and
Russia interfere to arbitrate a peace
in this country; but while England
wavered, Russia promptly declined.
Then when it was feared that En
gland or France would recognize the
confederacy, Gortschakeffsaid: "Tell
Mr. Seward that the policy of Russia
in regard to the United States is
fixed, and will not be changed by the
course adopted by any other nations."
Those wero gloomy times indeed.
There was a" general fear, amount
ing almost to conviction, that some
action of Franc e or England would
involve us in a foreign war; and
Simon Cameron is responsible for
the declaration that Russia was se
cretly pledged to take sides with us
in that case; that this was the real
object of the ostensibly friendly visit
of a Russian fleet to the United States
in the winter of 1863-4; and that the
purchase of Alaska a few years later
was in reality prompted by Mr. Sew
ard's desire to show Russia our grat
itude. Russia was partly guided, no doubt,
by memories of thq Crimea. Then
as now the Russians regarded En
gland with implacable hostility; but
the motive, so far as it was the real
one, only brings into stronger relief
ths hateful part which England
played in that sad drama; and it
would be unjust to say that Russia
was not as well governed by a warm
friendship for this nation. Russia
has indeed always shown it. As far
back as the beginning of the century
Catherine sided with the United
States when England was proclaim
ing her hateful doctrine of the right
of search of our shipping. And Alex
ander was particularly interested in
us because he was then in his heroic
struggle with his nobles for the lib
eration of the Russian serfs, and
clearly saw that our own bloodier
warfare must have a like issue.
A PROGRESSIVE MINISTER.
In New York last Sunday Rev. He
ber Newton, in his sermon, said:
"Immediately after death in the house
the minister's visit may be welcomed,
but the chief thought is given in
many households at such times to
milliner and the dressmaker. Too
often funeral costumes are in re
ality the parade of grief. There is
the custom of following the body to
the grave. In milder and more equit
able climates how beautiful the cus
tom, but how irreconcilable with the
conditions here to-day and during
many portions of the year. The cub
tom is attended with inevitable risk
through our winter. There are ex
ceptional days when the ground is
dry enough and the air mild enough
to allow of such usage without peril,
but when storms rage the observation
of the custom is wrong. Again and
again I have concluded service, feel
ing as though I could scarcely stand,
and after suoh service, claiming one's
sympathies in a heated crowded
house, there follows the long drive to
a suburban cemetery and standing
with uncovered head around the
grave in inclement weather, the service
is rendered at tho imminent risk of
one's future work on earth. Another
custom which is wrongly conceived
to be duty toward the dead is that
of interment As wo now practice it,
the custom is to me unspeakably re
volting. The dead are a standing
menace. No sanitarv science in our
homes can save us from perpetual
danger while the homes of the dead
violate the laws of nature. From our
graves gasses are liberated to poison
the air, the fountain heads of water
are tainted and the germs of disease
are turned up to the surface of the
earth with every change made by the
cemetery superintendent I hope to
see the introduction of cremation."
Capt. Ketcedt of the steamship
Germanic, which got in to New
York last Sunday was struck by a
tremendous wave on the night of
May 4th about five hundred miles
west of Fastnet He was in the pilot
house and the spray prevented him
irom seeing the wave until it was
about one hundred feet from the ship.
It swept over tho boat and rushed
along the deck like a Niagara. The
top of the pilot-house was crushed in
and fell on the Captain's head, knock
ing him down and stunning him for
a moment The firmly-braced winch
just abaft of the forecastle, weighing
a ton, was lifted and hurled into the
hold; the rigging was carried away;
all the compasses were lost and the
railings were twisted into fantastic
shapes. In his twenty years' experi
ence in the Atlantic, the Captain
says he never had seen such a wave.
He believes the disappearance of many
may be accounted for by such waves
as 8 track the Germanic.
FOR LIVERPOOL DIRECT!
The fine A 1 Iron Barque
1119 Tons ltcRlster,
Will be READV TO RECEIVE FUEIOHT
AT ASTORIA about JUNE lvt
or earlier II required.
Will be taken at REASONABLE RATES.
For particulars apply to
SLUSUPi, UliUlMJll & ix.,
Or to P. L. CIIERUY. Astoria.
The Fine Iron Bark
Will be placed on the berth at Astoria im
mediately, for Salmon loading to
Rate of insurance by this vessel Is the low
est quotable. For particulars apply to
U MEYER, WILSON & CO.
Or GEO. W. SANBORN, AMorla.
Everybody is complaining of the de
pression prevailing In all the avenues
of commerce and industry.
that brought hard times to our doors,
are manifeld: overproduction may be
mentioned as the chief factor, but the
QUESTION OF THE HOUR
is, how can we avert a general bust up ?
It is evident that something must be
done, and done soon. Simple talk wont
neip. we must not indulge In luxuries,
we must economise aud be careful.
If you are in need of anything, inquire
for prices: don't trade in a certain store
because Mr. Jones or Mrs. Brown do,
think for your self. Now, for instance
if we oner
TO THE PUBLIC
a certain article we know that no other
store in Astoria can afford to sell the
same thing at the same price, because
goods are from 25 to 35 per cent cheaper
now than they were when the old stocks
Having opened a general Dry Goods
and Clothing store only recently, we
bought our stock at greatly reduced fig
ures, and we bought for cash besides,
which means a further reduction of G
per'cent, so that we are ahead alto
gether as far as prices are concerned.
At any rate we invite the reasoning
public to call and compare prices and if
anybody can ao Detter we win not claim
The Low Price Store
(Next door to A. Van Dusen & Co.)
P. S. Tho latest designs in ladles'
nectwearand summer goods in genera!
have just arrived.
SIAJOS-OEKEBAIi IBWIN St DOTTELL.
One by one those who took part in the
late war are called to join the silent ma
jority, leaving us only tho memories of
their actions. Major-General Irwin Mc
Dowell, who died at midnight, on May
ith, 1835, was one of tbebrnvest, although
one of the most unfortunate of tho Union
generals. He was born in Franklm
county, Ohio, October lTtb, 1818, and in
1833 graduated from West Point. Ho
served in the Mexican war and gained
distinction for his gallantry. Upon the
outbreak of the late war ho was appoint
ed to command and organizo the troops
concentrated at Washington, receiving
me commission 01 ongaaier-geuorui.
On July 21st, 1861, ho fought and lost
tho memorable battlo of Bull Bun, al
though his defeat was mainly due to the
inability of General Patterson to hold
Stonewall Jackson in tho Shenandoah
valley, who then reinforced the waver
ing troop3 of Beauregard. In March,
18G2, McDowell was made major-general,
being given control of tho "First Corps"
of the Army of tho Potomac. This was
done at the instance of Secretary Stan
ton and to it McCIellan ascribes the
failure of thePeninsula campaign, as Mc
Dowell was prevented by Jackson from
coming to McClelland assistance. Mc
Dowell long bore the odium of failing to
co-operate with McCIellan but tho records
snow tunc no acteu Btnctly nwiccoru
auco with tbo orders of tho authorities
at Washington. Ho shared in tbo unfort
unate "Pope" campaign of 18G2 and on
September 5th was relieved of his com
mand. In 18C3 ho was president of the
court for investigating cotton fraud? and
of tho board for retiring disabled soldiers.
After tho war ho commanded, in turn,
the "Department of the Pacific," the
"Department of tho Atlantic," and tho
"Department of the South." On tho
death of General Meado ho was promot
ed to tho rank of major-general and
placed upon tho retired list in 1882.
Oyster and Chop House.
The Best Cooked to Order in First
WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF
jFjrte Xc Oream
Alex McCrca & Co.,
Genevieve street, lear ol Adler's Costal
Palace. Open liny and Xixhr.
Mrs. Malcolm's Millinerv Parlors
SPRING AND SUMMER HATS.
A large and well-selected stock on hand.
i.n uuuua uciu;; acuurcu ctaj uaj.
A complete line of Ladles' READY-MADE
UNDERWEAR, with prices to suit the
limes. CHEAP CORSETS a specialty ; also
a large assortment of the Best Grade of
CORSETS. Children's SCNBONNETS, Just
All the LATEST NOVELTIES, In SILK
SUAHFS. HOLD ailU SILYEK LACKS and
ORNAMENTS are kept at this.
SllUInery Ilonse in Astoria.
No charge for trimming when material is
purchased at the establishment.
T. G. RAWLINGS,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
Tropical, Domestic, Green and Dried
MJTS. CANDIES, DRIED MEATS, ETC.
Fiic Clears and Tobacco.
Next door to I. J. Arvold's. Squemoqua St.
WIIL BK RECEIVED BY THE UXDER
signed at tho oQlco or the Ihvaco
Steam 2av. Co., In Astoria Or., until 2 r. m.
Mondays May 18th, 1885, for rebuilding the
steamer "Gn.Canby." Also for building a
now nun ana caoin, according to plans and
specifications. The boat to be built In As
toria or Portland. The company hereby re
serve the right to reject anv or all bids
J. 11. D.UKAY,
nriHE FIXE BUSIXESS STORE FOKMEK-
JL IV OC
occupied by J. Pilger.
A FIXE HOUSE AXD LOT SITUATED
on Benton street : will be sold for S800.
Apply to this offlce.
For Rent. "
THE HALL OVER D. L. BECK & SOX'S
can be rented for Public gatherings.
Application may be made to the executive
committee of the Astoria Ladles ' Coffee
Club. Mn. BERGMAN.
FINE BUSIXESS OFFICE. CEXTRAL
ly located. Apply at this Office.
Board Of Equalization.
NOTICE is hereby given that the
committee on ways and means of the
city of Astoria will meet as a board of
equalization for the purpose of examin
ing the city assessment roll on Tnesdny
May 19. 1835, at 10 o'clock a. m.
Auditor and Clerk.
&rfcbiAL ANNUUNutftatN 1 1
in immense Stock
TO BE SOLD AT PRICES LOWER THAN THE LOWEST.
THE EITCFIKIS STORE,
Dealer at Wholesale ami Retail m
Oil Cloth, Wall Fapsr,
Window Shades, Mouldings, Etc.
Astoria Furniture Co.,
Monloi, Carpets, Matting;, Picta Frames, Inflow Sliafles, etc.
Cor. Chenamus and Hamilton Sts.
THE LEADING PHOTOGRAPHER OF THE NORTH WEST
WILL BE IX ASTORIA A SHORT TIME,
Juat Kast of Odd. Fellows Xtalldlncr,
SoM GoB Jewelry,
Scarf Pins, Chains, Watches,
Pianos and Orjrnns of the 15 est
lunlic at tlicCowest Prices.
The finest stock of Jewelry la Astoria
tWAH rood wnrrantpil i rpnrwontod. I
GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER.
San Francisco and Astoria
freight; running every
Will be on berth In San Francisco from the
nth to the 14th Inclusive.
Freight - $1.50 per Ton.
31C Stuart St., San Francisco, Cal.,
CLATSOP MILL CO.. Astoria.
DO YOU WANT TO
A VERY LARGE STOCK OF
Fine Boots and Shoes
TO BE SOLD AT
EXTREMELY LOW PRICES.
FOR A SHORT TIME OXLY.
Come and Get Rare Bargains
SIGN OF THE GOLDEN SHOE.
I. J. ARVOLD, Agt.
Than any oth
er axe made.
tify to Its supe
riority. It goes
Deep and KeTer
flUPIET I cut
Wall Paper, Mirrors,
II. Du BUIiSSON, Manager.
Delivered in any Part ot the City.
FINE CAKES A SPECIALTY.
Home-Made Candy Made Daily:
The Trade Supplied:
A First Class Establishment. Prices to
suit the times.
F. B. ELBERSON, Prop'r.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bektox Street, Nkar Pai:kek IIouse,
ASTORIA, - OREGOX.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAND ani MAEINEEEfflES
BoilerWork, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Of all Descriptions made to Order
at Short Notice.
A. dTtVass, President.
J. G. Hustler, Secretary
I. W. Case, Treasurer.
Notice of Application.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEX THAT THE
undersigned Intends to apply to tho
Common Council of tho city of Astoria, for
a license to sell wine, malt and spirituous
liquors lu less quantities than one quart,
for a period of one year In a building front
ing on Main street and situated on lot 4
block 9 in the city of Astoria as laid out and
recorded by John McClure.
Watches, Jewelry, Clocks,
All Goods Best Quality, and Low Prices.
Notice of Application.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEXTHAT THE
undersigned intends to apply to the
common council of the city of Astoria at its
next regular meeting, for a license to sell
wine, malt and spirituous liquors In less
quantities than one quart, for a period of
one year in the building, fronting on Water
street and situated on lot 4 north half of
block 135, In 8hlYely's Astoria.
J. -. HAMILTON.
Family Groceries, Provisions
Corner Benton and
fa ss. la III K 1 t& 3K K H Sfls k
A I.I. AT
Low Down Prices !
Hay, Oats', aifl Straw, Lime.. Bric, Cement, Sanfl ani Plaster
Wood Delivered to Order.
TER apply to the Captain, or to
i "f TWIM 'itttf MwJJFT
THE NEW MODEL
m$ mJBsmfi ; jail
A FUIiI. STOCK
Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Vtere.
A Geueral Assortment of
Magee Stoves and Ranges
The Best In the market.
Piumblng goods of all kinds on hand. Job
work done In a workmanlike manner.
PLUMBING. GAS FITTING. AND CANNERY
Attended to Promptly on Reasonable Terms.
Chenamus Street, Next to C. lu Parker's Store.
MARTIN OLSEN & CO.
FXJKNITUBE 3 BEDDING
Corner Slain sad Squemoqua Streets. Astoria. Oregon.
WINDOW SHADES AND TRIMMNGS; WALL PAPER, ETC
A Complete Stock.
PRICES AS CHEAP AS aTTAHTY WILL AFFORD.
AI.T, KIISDS OF FUKIWTUBE KEPAIBEI AKI TARNISHED.
Change of Agency.
We hTC appointed
MR. O. F. MORTON
Our Selling and Collecting Agent at Astoria.
All those wishing to purchase a flrst-class
SEWING MACHINE, or to make pay
ments due us will please call on Mr. Morton.
Headquarters at B. S. "WORSLBY'S Sales
room. The Singer Mfg Co.,
92 Morrison Street, Tortland, Or.
Carnahan & Co.
I. W. CASE,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE AND
RETAIL DEALERS IN
Corner Chenamus and Cass streets.
ASTOBIA - OREGON
FOR LIVERPOOL DIRECT!
The Splendid Iron Barque
100 A 1. 80S Tons Register.
Will he at Astoria shortly and will take
IN LOTS TO SUIT SHIIPPER3.
For rate of freight and Insurance apply to
BALFOUR GUTHRIE & CO..
Or toL. RUSSEL, Astoria.
Drajln?, Teaming and Express Business.
I CLARA PARKER
(ben P. Par her, Master.
- ri For TO WING, FREIGHT or CHAR
11. K. PARKIUL
RANGE CAN BE HAD IN
TORIA ONLY OF
E. 0, BAWB8,
call and examine it. v
wilt. be pleased.
K. It- HA WES la also asent fur Wi-
Bid patent CooliBf Ste
And other first-class Si37es.
Furnace "Work. Steam Fit
tings etc., a specialty.
ALWAYS ON HAND.
J. GU3TAFSOX. A. JOHXSOX.
Hardware ani Ship Cnanillery
VAN DUSEN & CO..
Hardware and Ship Chandlery
Pure Oil, Bright Varnish,
Binacle Oil, Cotton Canvas,
Hemp Sail Twine,
Cotton Sail Twine,
Wrought Iron Spikes,
Galvanized Cut Nails,
Paints and Oils, Groceries, etc.
IN THE MATTER OF
Rags. Bottles, Old Metal,
or Junk of Any Sort,
1MB & STOKES
Will give you tho best prloo for It.
Do You Want to Buy
From a Belaying Pin to a Hawser ; from a
Block to an Anchor.
You Can Get what You Want
at P0AED& STOKES.
Headquarters at building1, east end ot