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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (May 16, 1885)
VOL. XXIII, NO. 117.
ASTORIA, OREGON, SATURDAY, MAY 16, 1885.
PRICE, FIYE CENTS.
TUS. A. L.. and J. A. FlirTOX.
Physicians aud Surgeon.
Will nhe prompt attention to all calb.
fr6m any part of the city or country.
Olllce ovr Allen's Store, corner Cass and
Suuemoqua streets, Astoria, Oregon.
Telephone No. 41.
It. FRANK PACE.
Pliysleinn and Surgcou.
Ofilee, KooinC, oter D.A. MclntoshVj store.
Office Ilouits :-9 to ll a. m. ;-3 to 5 v. m.
Eesldence.pposlto tlie Johansen building
GF.O. A. DOKItIS, OKO. POLAND
KOEhIIVD & WORK IS.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Ollloe lii Kinney's Block, opposite City
Hall, Astoria, Oregon.
c. vr. FCI.TOX. a. c. foltox.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and 6. Odd fellows Building.
TOSEPH A. GILL.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Offick. on Cass street, 1 door south of
Odd Fellows Dulldlng.
A. BO Willi Y,
Attorney and Councilor fat Law,
Office on Cheuamus Street, Astoria, Oregon.
1KIjO F. PAIIKER.
Clatsop County, and City orAntorlo
Office : Chenamus street, Y. M. C. A. hall
Boom No. 8.
AKC111TECT AND SUPERINTENDENT.
Offick : Room 9, KInnej 'a Brkk Rlock,
Yay TtnrTL.E,jI7 f. "
PHYSICIAN A2?D SURGEON
Office Rooms 1, 2, and 3. Pythian Build
Residknce On Cedar Street, back of
St. Mary's Hospital.
F PjIITt-KS. A. R. SHAW.
hicks & sniw,
Rooms in Allen's Building, up .stairs, cor
ner Cass and Squemoqua streets. Astoria.
BANKING AND INSURANCE!
I. W. CASE,
Broker, Banker, and Insur
ASTORIA, - OREGON.
OFFICE HOURS :
From 0 o'clock A. M. until 3 o'clock P. M.
Eozorth & Johns,
Real Estate and Insaraaco Agtnt and Brolers
ASTORIA, - Oregon.
Wo write policies In the following well
known Firo Insurance Compaules :
PHCENIX OF HARTFORD.
SCOTTISH UNION AND NATIONAL OF
LION. OF LONDON
HOME. OF NEW YORK.
LONDON AND LANCASHIRE. OF LIVER
POOL. PH02NIX. OF BROOKLYN.
CONNECTICUT. OF HARTFORD.
OAKLAND HOME, OF OAKLAND, CALA.
And also represent the WESTERX, of
California. HAMBURQ-n.REMEN.at Ger
many, and AMERICAN STEAM BOIL
ER INSURANCE CO.
Seal Estate Bonght and Sold on Commission.
Fire ail Marine Insurance Co.
OF PORTLAND. OREGON. .
Capital Iald Up, - 8220,096.090
Cash Asset Exceed. - 280,098,08
C. LE1NENWEBER, - Agent,
C. E. Bain & Go.
Are now prepared to furnUh
Doors. Windows, Mouldings
Private Boarding House.
THE UNDERSIGNED RESPECTFULLY
announces that she Is prepared to fur
nish Ladles or Gentlemen with Board only,
or with Board and Furnished Rooms at ery
reasonable rates. No extra charge for use
of Farlor or Bath room, and eterv effort
will be made to make her guests feel com
fortable and at home.
DlBRcr Serred from 5:30 to C;301. 31.
SIRS. K. C, HOLDUX.
SE Cor. Main and Jefferson streets.
Dissolution of Copartnership.
NOTICE LS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
copartnership heretofore existing un
der the firm name and stvle of Thoraes and
Knowles is this day dissolved by mutual
0. W. XNOWLES.
Astoria, Oregon, April 13th. IK'S. 4w
l tins season nearly ei-crr one needs to use soma
J sort of tonic. IKON enters Into almost CTet7 phr
' siciftn'e prescription for those who need building op.
: tonic. IKON i
For WeskncM. Lassitude. Lark of
Hnerjjy, &c, it HAS NO EQUAL, and
is the o air Iron medicine that is set iaJurloaA.
It Enriches the Bleed. InTieeraxea the
System, Kesteres AppctltcAids Digestion
It doee not blxcken or injure the teeth, cause head,
ache or produce constipation other Iron medieinti do
Dr. O. H. Bceixt, a leading pbjsidsn of
Springfield, 0 ears:
"Brown's Iron Bitters is a thorouchlj'cood medi
cine. I nse it in my practice, and find its action
excels all other forms of iron. In vreakness or a low
condition of the system. Brown's Iron Bitters is
usually a positive neoocsity. It is all that is claimod
Genuine has trade mark and crossed red lines on
wrapper. Take so other. Hade only by
BROWN CHEMICAL CO., BALTIMORE. MD.
LDXZfi' HaKDBOOK nsefnl and attracting em.
talning list of prizes for recipes, information about
coins, etc.. siren away by all dealers in medicine, cc
mtUed to any addrees on receipt of 2c. stamp.
SXELL, IIEITSHU & WOODARD,
Wnoi.E3Ai.K Aokxts. Portland Oregon
M. R. KIPP,
PLUMBER AND CAS FITTER.
Water Pipes a Specialty.
A Full Stock of Material on Hand.
Personal attention given all older, and
Shop and office on Cnsi street, one door
auove rrant Fauie Kestauraw, Astoria,
Tanks for Sale.
4 ROUND TANKS,
Capacity WO gallon each.
At ASTORIA PLANING MILL.
A. V. Allen,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC
.FRUITS AND VEGEfABLES.
MOORE'S REMEDY Cures and rreronts
CUItES Piles. Bums, Cuts: RE
MOVES Sunburn and Freckles,
Cold in the Head or Lungs, Croup.
An Invaluable FAMILY SALVE. Sold by
23 Cents n Box. Try It I
CONTRACTOR & BUILDER.
Shop on Concomly Street, oppoilte Kinney's
SASHES. DOORS. MOULDINGS.
ETC. ON HAND.
Estimates given and all work wan anted to
STOCK AND WORKMANSHIP
Boats of Every Description Built.
Shop over Arndt & Ferchcu's.
K. 31. I.E TIIER8.
Wood, Wood, Wood.
Order it now while it Is dry and cheap of
GRAGG & CO.,
Or FRANK L PARKER,
Telephone No. 80.
W. E. DEMENT & CO.
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON
Carry In Stock,
DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET
Prescriptions carefully Compounded
mm m BE5TJQN1C.
WHEN DID THE WAR END?
Difficulties in the Way of Setting a Specific
Day Marking; the Termination of
"Were it necsssnry to set a day mark
ing the twentieth anniversary of the
exact termination of the civil war,
the task might puzzling. It is cer
tain that there would 02 a wide
spread difference of opinion 113 to
what day should be chosen for that
Richmond, the confederate capital,
was captured and occupied by the
union forces on the morning 01 April
3, 1865, its garrison having aban
doned it during the night preceding.
Hostilities, however, went on with
vigor in Yirginia as well as elsewhero
until April 9th, when the army of
northern Virginia surrendered at Ap
pomattox. But that date does not
mark the end of the war. The week
following was a busy and sanguinary
one in many quarters. On that same
9th of April, Uanby, whose army with
the aid of the fleet, had been invest
ing the defenses of Mobile, captured
Spanish Fort and its dependencies,
with many guns and several huudred
prisoners." Before night FortBlake
y was carried by assault, with twenty
guns and 2,40U prisoners. A few
days later Mobile was evacuated, and
on" tho 14th Granger's forces occu
pied the city. The Union loss in
these operations at Mobile was about
2,500 men killed and wounded, be
sides five or six vessels, which were
blown up by torpedoes.
Stoneman was meanwhile carrying
on vigorous operations iu a portion
of North Carolina. On the 12th of
April, three days after Lee's surren
der, he attacked the enemy's lines
around Salisbury, capturing fourteen
pieces of artillery and more than elev
en hundred prisoners, together with
great stores of ammunition, army
blankets, clothing, bacon, salt, rice,
wheat and cotton. Thence he moved
to Slatersville, destroying railroad
track and bridges.
"Wilson, with a cavalry foroo of
great magnitude, was continuing dur
ing this same period his memorable
operations iu Alabama and Georgia.
After his capturo of Selma, on the
2nd of April, ho moved eastward, oc
cupying Montgomery and all the
prominent points on the road to Ma
con. On the 16th of April, in the
last combat of tho war east of the
Mississippi, ho carried Columbus and
West Paintj and on the 21st of April,
Macon surrendered with three score
field pieces and ten or twelve thousand
Sherman's march to Raleigh was
begun as late as April 10th, and on
the evening of the 12th Kilpatrick
was fighting "Wade Hampton's rear
guard, while Raleigh was reached
and entered on the 13th.
Negotiations for Johnston's sur
render were next begun, and
the first memorandum for that pur
pose, made near Durham station, was
dated April 13th. This, however,
was rejected by President Lincoln,
and the final agreement was signed
on the 26th. As late as April 23rd
the sixth corps was put on the march
for Danville, in order to cut off the
p issibility of Johnston's escape, and
General Sheridan's cavalry were en
gaged in the same occupation. Be
tween the 19th and the 22nd there
were military expeditions in Tennes
see. But even the surrender of Johns
ton's army left many confederate
forces in the field, and it was clearly
possible for these to carry on guer
rilla operations, or even to prolong
regular warfare for a time west of
the M ssiasippi. The troops of Get?!
Jeff Thompson did not surrender
until May 11th, and the actual assem
bling and paroling of his men took
place May 25th at Wittsburg, on the
St. Francis river, and June 5th at
Jacksonport, on the White. Tho en
tire force paraded numbored 7,451
officers and men. The surrender of
Lieut-Gen. Richard Taylor's much
lrrger army was made at Uitronule,
in Alabama, on the 4th day of May.
Tho surrender of Commodore Far
rand's squadron of twelve confederate
vessels in tho Tombigbee river, with
thoir officers and men, wasagreed
upon at the same time, and took place
on May 9th. Tho following day Uen.
McCook, of Wilson's corps received
at Tallahassee, the surrender of Jones'
Florida forces, 8,000 Btrong.
Meanwhile there had been threats
of yery serious resistance by some of
the' trans-Mississippi forces, which
expected to be joined by Jefferson
Davis, then a fugitive in Georgia.
The unremitting search for Davis
kept "Wilson's forces busy throughout
the earlier part of May and until his
capture at Irwinsville on the 10th.
Long before this event Gen. Kirby
Smith, at Shreveport, in Louisiana,
had issued an order to his army an
nouncing Leo's surrender and his
purpose to carry on the war beyond
the Mississippi On the 24th of April
Gen.Magruder, at Houston, addresed
a great war meeting to the same ef
fect. On the 27th Hardeman's brig
ade, at Independence pledged them
selves to continue the war to the
bitter end. On the 2nd of May
Parsons' brigade adopted similar res
olutions in Robertson county, Texas.
On the 8th of May tho citizens of
Fort Bend county resolved that, "in
no event will we ever consent to re
construction,' and proposed that
90,000 recruits should be added to
the forces of bmith and Magruder.
These are examples, to which others
might be added, of the hostile
feeling prevailing at that time in Ar
kansas and Texas.
I On the 13th of May a body of union
j troop3 under Col. Barrett had a sharp
skirmish at Palmetto ranch, about
fifteen miles above Brazos, in Texas.
Tho confederates, under command of
General Slaughter, aided by Col.
i ord s cavalry and three field pieces,
klrove back Barrett's command to
ward Brazos, with a reported union
loss of about seventy or eighty in
killed, wounded and missing. Thus
the last combat of the war, somewhat
curiously goes into the record as a
confederate success. However, in
spite of all the threats and pledges
to carry on the strnggle in Texas,
wiser counsels prevailed, and on the
26th day of May Kirby Smith,
through his chief of staff, Lieut.-Gen.
Buckner surrendered his entire army
These historical reminisoances show
tho difficulty of fixing upon any spe
cific day a3 marking the end of tbe
war. The difficulty is increased by
tho gradual process of reduction in
the union armies, a process extending
far beyond the times when tho last
confederate troops were assembled
for parole. But a greater construc
tive extension of the war period was
furnished by tho various agreements
and statutes of tho government, each
depending upon such phrases as "the
duration of hostilities." With the
downfall of the confederato govern
ment the southern states acted inde
pendently of each other, and a pro
cess of military occupation and polit
ical reconstruction was undertaken
in each of them. In a war between
two nations a treaty of peace often
furnishes tho historical date for the
conclusion of hostilities; but there
was no treaty-making power at tko
south. By degrees congressional leg
islation began to refer to the war as a
thing of the past, in such phrases as
"the late insurrection;1' yet more than
a year passed after the last confeder
ato troops disbanded before the
formal official announcement that
the insurrection was over. At length
such a proclamation was made by
President Johnson, and thereafter
the judicial tribunals fixed upon that
announcement as the true legal date
of the end of the war. Thus tho adjutant-general's
office, in a letter to
General Carleton of February 24,
18S3, uses this expressien: "The su
premo court of the "United States has
decided that the war of the rebellion
closed on August20, 1866, the date
on which the President issued his
proclamation declaring tho insurrec
tion at an end." And only two or
three months ago Secretary Lincoln,
referring to the samo subjeot, remind
ed the senate committeo on military
affairs that "tho supreme court of the
United States, in the case of the Pro
tector, 12 Wall., 700, held that the
war euded iu all the United Sta'tes,
except Texas, on April 2. 1S65, and in
Texas, on August 20, 1S66."
These citations form perhaps as
convenient and terse a method a3 any
of presenting tbo fact that, for legal
purpose3, the oivil war is interpreted
as a five years conflict! So far, how
ever, as actual hostilities are con
cerned, they were all over before tho
1st of June, 1865. -
SWKAB0RG AND HELSINGFORS.
In tho former war between the
western powers and Russia tho allied
Baltic fleet of over fifty-vessels wea
expected to do wonders. The little
that was done, so out of proportion
to the means at hand, disgusted all
those who had built on the hope of
seeing Sir Charles Napier dictating
terms of peace at St. Petersburg, as
did Nelson fifty years before. Nelson
had no Cronstadt to confront, nor
was he hampered at every stop by
instructions not to attack certain
places places where British capital
ists had planted industries or where
they were particularly interested in
mercantile pursuits. So between the
places liko Cronstadt, "whose stony
strength wonld laugh a siege to
scorn," and which they dared not at
tack, and the points which must not
be touched, the operations were lim
ited. Bomarsund was bombarded and
the Aland Isles captured, but it was
a barren victory, except that it yielded
the first Russian general and a whole
division of troop3 as prisoners of war.
Then Sweaborg was fired. For two
days this fortress, which protects the
town of Holsingfor, three miles dis-
stant, was under bombardment, and
then it was discovered that the efforts
of the fleet had been thrown away
and that no damage of any import
ance was inflicted, except, of course,
on what might be termed tho inof
fensive portion of the place.
In anticipation of another visit, the
Russians or the Finns, for Finland
has to pay the penalty of its half-and-half
home-mle have been strength
ening the fortress once more. Should
war break out, an interesting point of
comparison would be in the difference
between the attacking power of the
few heavy guns of the present British
fleet, now destined for the Baltio,
and the force whioh Napier led, of
old line-of-battle ships, sputtering six
ty-four pound balls from ships of 131
guns, the whole broadside of which 13
now thrown in a single shot from
such monsters as the Berilow, Inflex
ible or the Italians JDitilo and Band
alo. Bates' "History of Pennsylvania
Volunteers" shows that persons by
the name of Smith, who volunteered
in the late war from that state, col
lected in one body, would have made
a brigade of full live regiments.
A Nasal Injector free with each
bottle of Shiloh's Catarrh Remedy
Price-50 cents. Sold by W. E. Dement
HEAVY AND SHELF
Paints, Oils, and Varnish.
Salem Flouring Mills,
Portland Boiler Mills,
Capital Flour and
3. ATtNDT & FERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
Aipcctalty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
Phil. A. Stokes,
Next door to Foard & Stokcs'storo, Is hoad
Clothing at Bottom Figures.
Everything bought hero cimrantcd to be
Just as represented No old stock ; every
thing trash, and NEW GOODS on every
Steamer. Kemembe r the place.
PIHt. A. STOKES.
sta-A full lino cl CENTS' FURNISHING
GOODS for sale at
Price thnt Defy Competition.
Will be allowed
On Time Deposits.
Draft? on all tho Leading Cities.
Wm. T. Coleman & Co.
. ELMO It E.
Manager Banking Department.
Delivered at Your Door.
ThU I eo Ii cut on Lake Cocollala. and is
All orders left at Post & Hansen's Astoria
Soda Works will be promptly attended to.
-'.7-iip':''ii' n.e-j r .-n
Through Freight on Fast Time I
Which has been specially built for the comfort of passengers will leave
"Wilson ft Fisher's Dock every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6 A.M. arriving at Portland at 1 P.M.
Returning leaves Portland every
Tuesday and Thursday at 6 A. M. arriving at Astoria at 1 P. M.
ryAn additional trip will be made on Sunday of Each Wcefe, leaving Portland
at 9 O'eleck 8 an day Morning;. Passengers bj this route connect at Kalama
for" Sound ports. U.B.SCOTT, President.
MRS. EYAWALLMAN, - Proprietor.
First Class iu Krcrj Respect.
Filloil up witli eTerj- Conven
ience "for Uic Comfort of
Transient and Permanent Guests.
Corner Squetnoqiu and "West StU Strtets.
II. IJ. PARKER. Prop'r.
First Class in Every Respect.
Free Co a oil to tlic House.
Oh! I Say!
GOOD BOARD and LODGING
$4,50 per Week,
New York Eestaurant.
HI. FlXCfl, - - Proprietor.
C. AT. KNOWLES.
L. D. BEOWJT.
St. Charles Hotel,
BROWN & KNOWLES - - Proprietors
FlEST CLAS3 IK EVKttY RESPECT,
Good Restaurant Connected with tliellooso
Fir-proof BrlotBulldJnir. IWEooru,
la the Canter of tbe Oity.
B. B. Franklin,
Merialer anil GaMnet Mater,
NEXT TO THE ASTORIA HTJILDINQ.
' ET-AUttorkdone In a skillful manner on
short notice at reasonable rates.
The Telephone Saloon
The Finest Establishment of
the Kind in Astoria.
Especially fitted up for tho Comfort and
Convenience of those who enjoy a
The Best or Wines and Liquors,
The Choicest Clnrs.
Everything New and First-Class.
R. I JEFFERY. Prop.
Royal Brand Flour
Manufactured by the
OREGON MILLING COMPANY
Is of Suporior Quality, and Is Endorse
by all who use It.
THE HOUSEKEEPER'S FAVORITE
Of Superior Rising Quality.
Guaranteed to Give Satisfaction.
WYATT & THOMPSON
Sole Agents for Astoria.
Paifltins and Paper Hanjini.
Taint Shop in building formerly oc
cupied by J. A. Montgomery, corner of
Main and Jefferson Streets.
All orders promptly and satisfactory
J. BL D. GRAY,
Wholesale and retail dealer In.
GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc.
LIME, SAND AND CEMENT.
General Storage and Wharfage on reason
able terms. Foot of Benton street, Astorij.
Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes
Meerschaum and Brier Pipes,
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
'CORNER M& AND OHWAMUS ST3.
The Gem Saloon.
The Popular Resort for Astorians.
Finest of Wines and Liquors
v Go to THE GEM SALOON.
ALEX. CAMPBELL. - - PROPRIETOR
ASTORIA LIQUOR STORE,
AUG. DANIELSON", - - Proprietor.
Itebulltand Refitted Throughout.
The Best of
For a Good Cigar, call for one of
Corner West 9th and Water Streets, Astoria.
Magnus C. Crosby
HARDWARE, IROH, STEEL,
Iron Pipe and Fittings,
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS
SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD
E?iZA AND 0O3P03?.
Astoria Sail Loft.
Best ofW at Bottom Fipres
The well-known Sallmaker now occupies
Tbe Astoria Sail J.oft. formerly occupied
by A.M. Johnson.
Boat Sails a Specialty.
ALL WORK WARRANTED -
Come and see me at The Astoria Sail Loft :
next to Pythian Buildlnjr.
Address P. O. Box 312.
Floats! Floats! Floats!
CANNBRYMBN who are In need of
Floats. Copper Handles and Mallets
should send then orders to
B. TV. RJLOOJ.
Clatskanle, Oregon, who has a quwtlty on
hand which will be sold at reasonable rote.
"SECURE THE SHADOW'
Ere the substance fade, and when you rlstt
Portland, make It a part of your business to
call on W. H. Towxk, at the San Fran
cisco Gallery, S. W. corner First and
Morrison streets, and hare your photograph
taken In Xh9 highest style of the art.