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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (May 3, 1885)
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.1 31 A 11 WE BOXANZA.
The nffnirs of the Alaska Commer
cial company are receiving some at
tention. It appears that after the
cession of the wide extent of main
land and numerous islands in the far
north, now known us the territory of
Alaska, by the Russian emperor un
der the treaty of March, 1867, the
United States enacted special laws
for its government with the apparent
intent of protecting the only indus
tries of the country, viz., the hunting
and capture of fur-bearing animals
and the fisheries. We propose in
this instance to deal solely with the
former and show the extent of the
business. The laws referred to pro
vide that the islands of St. Paul and
St. George shall be declared a special
reservation of the United States gov
ernment, and, furthermore, that the
secretary of the treasury shall be per
mitted to lease them for a term of
twenty years from July 1, 1870, at an
annual rental of 850,000 per year, and
an additional 'revenue tax of $2 to be
levied on every fur seal skin, the
lessees to furnish a bond in the penal
sum of $500,000. It is also provided
that no more than 100,000 seals shall
be killed per annum in the apportion
ate number as follews: The island of
St George limited to 75,000 seals per
annum, and the island of St Paul to
25,000. The secretary has the power
to further limit the number, if nec
essary for the preservation of the
seals. The penalty for hunting and
taking fur-bearing animals by any
other person than the lessees is a fine
of not less than $200 nor more than
$1,000, and the forfeiture of all ships,
tackle, appurtenances and cargo to
the United Stato3.
In 1870 the secretary accordingly
leased this reservation, which really
gives the key to the whole territory,
to a company formed in San Fran
cisco under the auspices of General
Miller, denominated the Alaska Com
mercial company, for the said term of
years expiring in 1890. The company
virtually control the whole of this
northern territory under tho protec
of tho law, none but their employes
being permitted to kill any fur-bearing
animals. The interior trade is
also monopolized by them through
the agency of the numerous stations
scattered over the mainlands for
miles north and south throughout
the territory. Their stations are es
tablished all over Alaska, commenc
ing at a point about 250 miles north
of Sitka and extending to the island
of Attou, a distance of nearly 2,000
miles; nlso from the Nuchitgack river
to the Yukon river, and again 2,000
miles by posts, up tho latter river.
From this particular portion of the
the territory come the valuable skins
of the silver-gray fox, worth from
$150 to $200 per skin, a cross of this
breed worth $4 apiece, and nlso the
red fox, worth $2. Over 7,000 of these
valuable skins are obtained yearly.
From thence also come the skins of
black and red bear, wolverine, mink,
wolves, otters, bear, martin, deer, and
often moose. Undressed seal skins
bring $12 in the open market, and the
supplies of these alone, said to be
fully up to the prescribed limit, fur
nish in themselves a large income
after deducting the revenue tax.
From these facts it can be easily
seen that the control of this territory
must be a perfect mine of wealth for
the men who had the foresight to ap
preciate and take advantage of this
territorial acquisition. From a com
pany of small traders it has gradual
ly developed into a gigantic institu
tion with almost autocratic power over
its domains, deriving a larger income
than any other company of its kind
on the face of the globe. In addition
to this government land leased from
the United States, and that acquired
by possessory rights, the company
also leases from the Russian govern
ment Copper and Behring islands.
Owing to the distance and the im
mense power of this corporation it is
difficult to get at any insido informa
tion regarding its trade and resources,
and apart from knowing that such a
company does exist, many people are
not only ignorant of the locality of
its possessions, but of the immense
mine of wealth at its command,
It is strange how luck seems to fol
low certain ships. An officer on one
of the trans -Atlantic steamships avers
that though there is not a stauncher
or more seaworthy steamer on the
Atlantic than a certain designated
vessel, yet it is a terror to be com
pelled to sail on her. From begin
ning to end of the voyage there is an
uninterrupted chapter of accidents.
The last time that the officer referred
to crossed in that unhappy craft, there
was an awful storm, in which the
wheel-house, part of the captain's
room and two boats were carried
away; a cabin passenger broke two of
her fingera and a 5teerage passenger
broke a leg; the sailors required con
stant attendance, and a poor little
girl fell down the hatchway and was
killed tho very day she arrived in port.
Those who are posted resort to
every expedient to avoid being or
dered to the ill-fated vessel.
ki expectation of General Grant's
death, thousands of newspapers in.thc
United States had prepared extended
biographical sketches and obituary
editorials. Many tons of this matter
are now standing in type or stereo
typed form, and would make a
weighty and imposing lump, if piled
together. The San Francisco Post
proposes, that in the event of the old
hero's recovery, which now seems
highly probable, the newspapers of
the country contribute the type in
which their Grant matter has been
set to a common fund, the whole to
be melted and given the shape of a
grand monument commemorative of
the nation's joy at the restoration to
health of our greatest soldier.
The Victoria Colonist contains a
proclamation of the authorities in
forming all deserters from her maj
esty's navy that if they should re-enlist
no notice will be taken of their
past transgression. Another procla
mation calls for all the able-bodied
seamen of the merchant service for
one year's service in her majesty's
navy. The same wages will be paid
as are now'received on the merchant
The mayor of Tacoma received
twenty-eight applications for the of
fice of chief of police the first day
after the office had been created by
the city council.
Oh! I Say!
GOOD BOARD and LODGING
$4.50 per Week,
New York Eestaurant.
HI. FiKCH, - - 1'rowrictor.
T. G. RAWLINGS,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
Tropical, Domestic, Green and Dried
.NUTS. CANDIES, DRrED MEATS, ETC.
Flue CI pars aittl Tolmcco.
Next door to L J. Arvold's. Squemoqua St.
CONTRACTOR & BUILDER.
Shop on Concomly Stree't. opposite Klunej 's
SASHES. DOORS, MOULDINGS,
ETC, ON HAND
Estimates given and all work warranted to
si ve satisfaction.
Gum Boots, Overalls. Shirts. Etc.
Phil. A. Stokes,
Next door to Foard & Stokes store, H head
Clothing at Bottom Figures.
Ever thing bought here cuarautc-"il to be
Just as represented. No old stock ; every
thing fresh, and NEW GOODS en rvery
Steamer, Remember the place.
FULL. A. STOKES.
B58-A full line of GENTS' FINISHING
GOODS for sale at
Prices that Defy Competition.
Suitable for Sociables and Parties.
Terms 3f odcrate.
Apply to N. CLINTON.
is no flatterer. Would you
make it tell a sweeter tale ?
Magnolia Balm is the charm
er that almost cheats the
CIGARS AND TOBACCOS,
Playing Cards. Cutlery. Stationery.; Etc. A
line stock oi Merschaum and Brier Pipes,
Amber Goods, Etc
Two doors of cor. "Water and We4-Dih SK,
Delivered at Your Door.
This Ice Is cut on Lake Cocollala and Is
All orders left at Tost & Hansen's Astoria
Soda Works will bo promptly attended to.
The Romanoffs, to which family the
present czar of Russia belongs, have been
the reigning power in that country since
the early part of the seventeenth century,
and indeed have been the most conspicu
ous rulers of Russia since the Tartar in
vasion. The lirst ot me iiorcauoH dy
nasty was Michael Fedorovitch, who was
tho grandfather of Peter the Great, one
of tho most prominent figures in the
world's history. Tho family also num
bered among its members Alexander I,
who was the first to break tho power of Na
poleon, and followed the latter to Paris.
Upon tho monument on the battle field of
Borodina is the following inscriptien:
'Napoleon entered Moscow 1812. Alex
ander entered Pfris ISM." Of thls the
Russians can be truly proud. Nicholas,
the orandfather of tho present czar, was
one of tho most despotic of sovereigns. His
character was stern and no inaue up ms
mind with creat rapidity, and his opin
ion ouce set was inflexible. "When the
engineers consul ted him as to the course
oi me raiironu iu oe umii uciwreu 01.
Petersburg and Moscow he drew a
straight line between tho two places as
the route. Darius his reign thi great
Crimean war was fought. Nicholas
thought that his nriuy was invincible,
but the result of Jlic camiaign learned
him otherwise. It is said that ho never
recovered from tho shock of that defeat
and in consequence died broken hearted.
Alexander 111, the present r-iuperor and
autocrat of all tho Russias succeeded to
tho throno after tho murder of his father
by nihilist conppirators March IS. 1831.
Alexander III was bora March 10th, 1815,
and since his elevation to tho throno has
seldom appeared in public, but has lived
in tho closest retirement at Gatchina.
He was crowned .at Moscow May 27th,
1883 amidst great pomp and splendor,
and tho coronation etorciso3 were chron
icled, even to tho slightest detail, by the
newspapers at tho time, no is noted for
hia sympathy with tho old Russian party
who are prejudiced against all foreigners.
His younger brother, the Grand Dake Al
oxis, visited the United States in 1571,
and was received with the greatest eclat,
Tho eldest child of tho present czar is a
son and was born May 18th, 1SGS.
Mrs.' Malcolm's Millinery Parlors
SPRING AND SUMMER HATS.
A large and well-selected stock on hand.
N'EW GOODS being secured every day.
A complete line of Ladies' READY-MADE
PNDERWHAR, with prices to suit the
limes. cnEAl CORSETS a -pedalty ; al-o
a large rf&ortmont r tls- Rest Gmdo of
CORSETS. Children's SUNHOaXETS.Just
All the LATEST NOVELTIES, hi SILK
SCARFS. GOLD and SILVER LACKS and
ORNAMENTS are kept at this.
31ililiirry House in Astoria.
No charge for trimming wSien material Is
purchased at the establishment.
A VERY LARGE STOCK (F
Fine Boots and Shoes
TO BE SOLD AT
EXTREMELY LOW PRICES,
FOR A SHORT TIME ONLY.
Come anil Get Rare Bargains
SIGN OF THE GOLDEN SHOE.
I. J. ARVOLD, Agt.
: Than anv o'li-
- er axe made.
riorit. It ijom
Iep and Xercr
Auditor and Clerk's Notice.
NOTICE is hereby given that the
citv assessment roll of the city of As
toria, in Clatson county, Orccon, as re
turned by the cily assessor for tho year
188?, is now on me in tne omce m tin;
Auditor and Clerk of said city, whero it
Is open and will remain open for inspec
tion until the 15th day of May, 1885.
AH applications for corrections or re
visions of the same must be filed with
the Anditor and Clerk prior lo said 15th
dav of May, 1883.
Bv order of the common council.
Auditor and Clerk.
Astoria, May 1, 18ST.
SINGLE LTRIGIIT MARINE ENGINE
and lvoilers, built by Delamatcr & Co.,
New York. 1U0 horse pewer: Steam
Donkey Pumps ; Surface Condenser ; Inde
pendent air. circulating and feed pumps :
tools and connections complete. For price
and particulars apply to
Cor. First and A sts., Portland.
TO BE SOLD AT PRICES LOWER THAN" THE LOWEST.
rnas kiyipikes store:.
mr-wrg"1 " BaBBBBBa aBsaEii i iwwrirrjv'xsaaesB
Dealer at Wholesale and RHa.l :n
Furniture, Bedding, Carpets, Matting,
Oil Cloth, Wall Papsr,
Window Shades, Mouldings, Etc.
Astoria Furniture Co.,
Furniture, Bedding, Wail Paper, Mirrors,
lonli Carpets, Matting:, Picture frames, Window Shades, etc.
Cor. Chenamus and Hamilton Sts
Th.e Low Price Store
RECEIVED SOME MORE
Fine Brocaded Velvets at Ss.25 a yard,
The first installment sold like hot-cakes, and ladies who ;
: were unable to secure some of that Velvet will please call j
immediate!)', as we only have a limited amount and may not
j have a chance again to buy those goods !
I QUITE AS CHEAP. I
ALSO SOME MORE
Boys' Suits al80 cents on the Dollar
AND A FINE LINE OF
Feathers ITery Cheap,
OPPOSITE COLEMAN'S BANK
LOW PRICE STORE,
Sol M Jew elry,
Scarf Pins, Chains, Watches, :
Planus and Organs r Hie Best
malic at ilio towest Prices.
The anet stock of Jewelry In Astoria.
..,, , , .
fS-AI! goods wairanted as represented.
GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER.
M. STUDZINSKV-" ,nA;RKTUU ut,
WiTCHMlKERonoice ftj ay
"Watches, Jewelry, Clocks,;
ASTORIA, .... Oreson.
All Goods Best Quality, and Low Prices.
Oyster iii(l Chop House.!
The Best Cooked to Order in First
VK HAKE A SPECIALTY OF
iFiTie Ice 03FOC1233L
Alex McCrea & Co.,
Genevieve street, rear of Adler'a Crystal
Palace, Open Iny ana Xlsht.
H. Dt' DUISSOX. Manager.
, Delivered in any Part ot the City.
FINE CAKES A SPECIALTY.
i Home-Made Candy Made Daily:
The Trade Supplied:
A First Class Establishment. Prices to
suit the times.
F. B. ELBERS0N, PropV.
1U l lo OH"
P.y 1VIT.SOX &. FISHER.
Or MIUSOX, CHURCH & CO.,
Will be allowed
On Time Deposits.
Drafts on all the Leading Cities.
Wm. T. Coleman & Co.
Manager Ranking Department,
A FINE BUSINESS OFFICE. CENTRAL
ly located. Apply at this Office.
Family Groceries, Provisions
and Freshest Vegetables
Corner Benton and
Hay, Oats, anft Straw, Lime.. Uriel, Cement, Sand ail Plaster
Wood Delivered to Or.ler. IJrayin?, Teamlaif and Express Bnslno.
NIK-' ' m- ' 'jggPL
IER spplj r Hie Captain, or to
THE NEW MODE
A FULL STOCK ALWAYS ON HAND.
Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Ware.
A General Assortment oi
Magee Stores and flanges
. The Rest in the market.
Piumblug goods of all kinds on band. Job
work done in & workmanlike manner.
PLUMBING, GAS FITTING, AND CANNERY WORK
Attended to Promptly on Reasonable Terms".
Cbennsnus Street. Xext to C Iu Parker's Store.
' MARTIN OLSEN So CO.
FURNITURE SS BEDDING
Comer Main and Sqnemoqua Streets. Astoria, Oregon.
WINDOW SHADES AND TRIMMNGii; WALL PAPER, ETC
A Complete Stock.
PRICES AS CHEAP AS QUALITY WILL APEOED.
ALT. KISBS OF FUBXITUKE REPAIRED AIT VARNISHED.
Change of Agency J
We bare appointed
MR. O. F. MORTON
Our Selling and Collecting Agent at Astoria.
All tbose tteblng to purchase a first-class
SETTma MACHINE, or to make pay
ments due us will please call on Mr. Morton.
Headquarters at R. S. "WORSLEY'S Sales
room. i uc oniyci mi y uu.. t
52 Morrisou Street, Portland, Or.
Carnahan & Co.
I. "W. CASE,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE AND
RETAIL DEALEKS IN
Corner Clienamus and Cass streets.
ASTORIA ..-- OREGON
$67,000,000 Capita! !
Liverpool and London and Globe.
North British and mercantile
Of London and Edinburgh.
Old Connecticut of Hartford,
COMMERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA
Fire Insurance Companies,
Representing a Capital or $67,O00 OOO.
B. VAN DUSEN, Agent.
Prices 1 !
MMjnwiifcnigg3Pgy a i wgi
1 MU HUM
Eben P. Parter,lHaster.
-? ForTOWINO. KKKICIIT or CHAR
It. It. PAUIiEK.
RANOK CAN RE HAD IN A
TORIA ONLY OF
B. ii, BAWBB,
CALL AND EXAMINE IT. V
WILL RE P1JJASED.
E. R. HAWES Is also agent fitr thr
And other flrst-clasa St37es.
Furnaco Worlr. Steam Fit
tintJs. etc., a. specialty
Hardware aid SM
VAN DUSEN & CO..
Hardware and Ship Chandlery
Pure Oil, Bright Varnish,
Binacle Oil, Cotton Canvas,
Hemp Sail Twine,
Cotton Sail Twine,
Wrought Iron Spikes,
Galvanized Cut Nails,
Paints and Oils, Groceries, etc.
IN THE MATTER OF
Rags, Bottles, Old Metal,
or Junk of Any Sort,
FOARD & STOKES
Will give you the best price for It.
Do You Want to Buy
From a Belaying Tin to a Hawser; from a
Block to an Anchor.
You Can Get what You Want
at POAED& STOKES.
Headquarters at bnildlne. east end of