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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1885)
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Ari!IL 21. lS-o
RUSSIA AND HER POLICY.
Perhaps no diplomatic war in mod
ern times has been "watched with more
anxiety and interest than that now in
progress between England and Eus
sia. Both powers havo immense
streugth, and each would prove a
worthy antagonist for the other.
Each has under its control an im
mense proportion o the world's area,
and holds in it3 charge the destiny of
hundreds of millions of the "world's
population. Each has peculiar ad
vantages to offset its disadvantages,
so that in oaso of actual war they
would stand on very nearly equal
terms. Russia is poor, while England
13 rich; but if England is inexhausti
ble in riches, Bus3ia is iuexhanslible
in soldiers. If England has the most
powerful navy In the world, Russia
has few places to bo protected from
attack by sea. If elements of Eng
land's strength are found in every
part of the world, Russia finds hers
consolidated at home. If England
has extended her couquests over the
globe, Russia believes that she is one
day to conquer the world.
"With regard to this great northern
power which is yearly becoming more
prominent ami more important in the
world's historv, it will at this time
says the San Francisco Bulletin, be
interesting to know what a distin
guished Englishman has written.
Concerning the character of the Rus
sian people, Alison says:
Formidable as the power of Russia
i, from the bonudless extent of its
territory, and the great and rapidly
iucreasiug number of its subjects, it
la still more ho from the military
spirit and dopile disposition by which
they are distinguished. The prevail
ing passion of the nation is the love
of conquest, and this 'ardent desire,
which burns as fiercely in them as
Democratic ambitiou doe3 in the free
states of western Europe, is the un
seen spring which ooth retains them
submissive under the standards of
their chief, and impels their accumu
lating force in ceaseless advance all
over adjoining states. The energies
of the people, great as the territory
they inhabit, are uever wasted in in
ternal disputes; domestic grievances,
how great soever, are overlooked in
the thirst for foreign aggrandizement;
In the conquest of the world the peo
ple hope to find a compensation, and
more than a compensation, for all
the evils of their iuterual admiuistra
tion. Every Russian is in
spired with a conviction that his
country is one day to conquer the
world, and the unhersal belief in this
result is one of the chief causes of
the rapid strides which Russia of late
years has niado towards its realiza
tion. The rudest nomad of the steppes
pants 'or the period when a second
Timous is to open the. gates ofDer
bend, and let 1 -oto upon southern
Asia the long-peut-up forces of its
In connection with these common
beliefs in the future greatness of Rus
sia, it is interesting to note Gibbon's
statement that, centuries ago, the be
lief was widespread that a statue was
buried in Constantinople, bearing
the prophecy that Russia would one
day be mistress of that city. That
the Turkish capital has not long
sinco pussed under the control of the
czar is owing neither to the feeblo
ness of the Rissiau armies nor to the
power of Turkey.
In view of tho diplomatic contest
now in progress between tho cabinet
of tho queen and that of tho czar, tho
following extract from Alison will be
of interest, especially as the present
state of affairs seems to show that the
English historian has given us n sur
prisingly correct idea of Russian pol pel
icy: The policy of the Russian cabinet,
from the earliest time that Muscovite
power has stood forth an object of
alarm to the surrounding nations,
has been governed by ono ruling
priuciple, which differs widely from
that of any people who have hitherto
made a great impression on human
affairs. It is neither founded on the
haughty maxim of the Romans, to
spare the submissive and subdue the
proud, nor the more politic system of
the English, whether in Europe or
Asia, to support the weak against the
strong. It rests on a combination of
physical strength with diplomatic
address, of persoverauco in object
with versatility in means, which was
never beforo exhibited in the theater
of the world. Its leiding character
istic has been explained, perhaps
with more candor than prudence, by
the eloquent Russian hitorion, Kar
omtin: "The object and the charac
ter of our military policy has invaria
bly beeu to seek to be at peace with
everybody, and to make conquests
icilhoul war; always keeping our
selves on tbe defensive, placing no
faith in tho friendship of those whose
interests do not accord with our own,
and to lose no opportunity of injur
ing them without ostensibly breaking
our treaties with them." The slight
est survey of Russian history must
be sufficient to show that this char
acter is well-founded; and that, for
midable as the military power of the
state is, ii has prevailed in every age,
rather from pacific encroachments
than warlike subjugation.
The Russians never originate a con
test, but are always ready to carry it
on. Passion never makes them an
ticipate the period of action; success
never relaxes the sinews of prepara
tion. So forcible is their weight,
when fairly aroused to exertion, that
the powers with whom they aro en
gaged in war, despairing of making
any durable impression on such a
colossus, are generally glad, even after
victory, to purchase a respite from
hostility by a concession of territory;
aud, surprhing to say, Russia has
reaped gro-tor advantages from her
defeats than other nations from their
victories. Never, since
the god Terminus first receded with
the Roman eagle in the provinces be
yond tho Euphrates, has bo steady
and uninterrupted advance been made
by any empire towards universal do
minion; and it is hard to say whether
it has prevailed more by the ability of
diplomatic address or the rigor of
From the reports which come to us
it appears as though Russia were now
striving by diplomacy to maintain tho
advanced position she has taken, with
out the cost of warlike achievement.
That she has advanced her forces to
stay, if her power is strong enough
to maintain her position, is evident.
That she would prefer to gain her end
by peace rather than by war, is ap
parent, not only from tho course
which negotiations aro taking, but
from what is known of her past his
tory. But that she will relinquish
without a struggle any advantage she
has gained, can neither be inferred
from her action in the matter of the
Afghan frontier, nor from the char
acter which so careful a historian as
Alison has given of her policy. In
fact, recent reports, which, however,
have been denied by the English
cabinet, make it appear that Russian
diplomacy has a fair chance of suc
ceeding in its object. Already En
glish journals are complaining that
too much has been ceded to Russia,
and that Mr. Gladstone is about to
treat with the czar on the latter's
own terms. "Whether peace or war
will be the result of the present ne
gotiations, it is yet hard to say; but
the indications are that Russia will
maintain at least a portion of the ad
vantage she has obtained, through
diplomacy if possible; through war
if necessary. At present there is in
process a diplomatic contest of ab
sorbing interest, and it remains to be
seen whether the boast that the Rus
sian armies have uever advanced
without obtaining some advantage,
will be refuted, or whether the fear
of English journals that Mr. Glad
stone will concede the most essential
points in dispute will be justified.
That Russia has entered into the con
test to win, is evident. "Whether or
not she will win depends upon the
skill of Mr. Gladstone or upon the
strength of her armies. In case of
war, tho nice balance of strength and
advantages will make the contest one
of absorbing interest to the world.
It has been said several times since
the inauguration that Mr. Cleveland
should call congress to meet and pass
a river and harbor bill, which the
last congress failed to pass. There
seems to be no call forspecial anxiety
on the score of the omissions of the
late congress, but there may arise a
contingency when an extra session
wonld be desirable. If war is de
clared between England and Russsa
this country would have a commer
cial opportunity such as is seldom
presented to a nation. The most of
the carrying trade is now entrusted
to British bottoms, and these vessels,
in tho event of war, would sail under
a belligerent flag and be subject to
the dangers of search, seizure and
capture by the enemy. American
ships, on the contrary, as belonging
to a neutral nation, would suffer none
of these risks or annoyances, and
oould nearly monopolize the Atlantic
In reply to inquiries from severa
states concerning the taking of the
semi-decennial census, the secretary
of the interior has prepared a circu
lar in which he quotes tho act of
March 3, 1879, providing for tho tak
ing of such census. Tho circular
states that if the semi-decennial cen
sus is made by the state authorities,
beginning on tho first Monday in
June and the result reported to the
secretary of the interior by the 1st of
September following, such states will
be entitled, upon the requisition of
the governors thereof, to a sum equal
to DO per cent of tho amount which
was paid to the United States super
visors nnd enumerators employed
within such Btates or territories in
the taking of the last United States
census. It will bo confined to such
subjects as population, agriculture,
. industry and mortality.
Gen. Miles says that President
Cleveland has the character that
would make him a great success in
the military line. There are plenty
of Democrats hereabouts, says the
St Albans Messenger, who are of the
opinion that under his method of dis
tributing supplies an army would per
ish of starvation the first month of a
A Maine editor thinks that the can
didates will be, as last year, Blaine
A few weeks ago Barrios was pres
ident of Guatemala, had a fortune of
eighteen million dollars, and was
possessed of every lacility for enjoying
life. Now Barrio3 and his eldest 6on
are dead, the rest of hi3 family driven
into exile, and his large fortune dissi
pated. Doubtless if a candid ex
pression of opinion could be obtained
from the lato "dictator," it would be
to the effect that he should have let
well enough alone.
Pakama has had fonr presidents
since the 1st of January. There is
alwayo room at the top in the politics
ot Central American states.
A Portland friend of Mr. Blaine
says that the latter is already hard at
work for the nomination in 188S.
CriiOAQO polled 85,000 votes in -the
recent municipal election, against
41,000 in St. Louis.
zzSEE THAT YOU GETz:
lu Lots to Suit.
WILSON A JK1&4TIKK.
MIKSOX. CnCKCII JL CO.
X .a. ID X 32 .
Mrs. Malcolm's Millinery Parlors
SPRING AND SUMMER HATS.
A hup- and wvll-selrcteil Mock ou hand.
NKW (iOODS bolus secured every day.
A complete line of Ladle -.' RKADY-M ADK
rNDKRWKAK. with nrSces to suit tiie
times. CHEAP CORSETS a specialty: alo
a laiye -sortment of Ui" Itit Grade, of
CORSETS. Children's SCXrO.NNKTS.Just
All the LATEST NOVELTIES, in SILK
SCARFS. GOLD and SILVER LACKS nnd
ORNAMENTS are kept at ShN.
millinery House m AMoriti.
No charge for UlmnihiK when material Is
purchased at the establishment.
"Will be allowed
On Time Deposits.
Drafts on all the Leading Cities.
Wm. T. Coleman &Co.
Manager Banking Department.
FINE BUSINESS OFFICE. CENTRAL
ly located. Apply at this Ofuc.
Gum Boots, Overalls, Shirts, Etc.
Phil. A. Stokes,
Next door to Fo-rd & St kea store, Is head
Clothing at Bottom Figures.
Even thing bought here cuarante-d to be
Iu"t asieprecntert. No o'd stook; every
thing fresh, and NEW G0U3 on everv
steamer, uememu r the place.
PHIL. A. STOItKV.
es-A full line of GENTS' FURNISHING
GOODS for sale at
Prices that Defy Competition.
Ship Mount Washington
WILL NOT BE SOLD,
As previously advertised.
TAYLOU. YOUNG & CO..
Abstracts of Title.
mHE UNDERSIGNED HAS COMPILED
I a sn of Abstract Books from the records
of ClatsoD Countv and Is now nrenared to
furnlu complete and correct Abstracts of
uue io any neat rotate in the County, at
reasonable ratef .
a R. THOMSON.
Attorney at Law, Astoria, Oregon.
Okkice, Hoora 5, over City Book Store.
OFF SKIPANON. APRIL lBrn, SIXTY
fathoms net iu three pieces.
ROBT. LOWE, Ft. Stevens.
SINGLE UPRIGHT MARINE ENGINE
and boilers, built by Delamater & Co..
New York. JM0 horse pewer: Steam
Donkey Pumps ; Surface Coudemer ; inde
pendent air.-circulating and feed pumps;
tools, and connections complete. For price
and particulars applv to
Cor. First and A sts., Portland.
THREE FINE ROOMS IN 1SC1LDING
recently occuuied by J. Pllcer. Suitable
for officii, etc.
A only to
Boarding House For Rent Cheap.
A TWO-STORY BOARDING nOUSK
mid basement, with accommodation Ir
Ui boarders. Spring water up and down
suiirs. rixiures ii required.
L. G. HAAYEN.
The Annual Meeting
OF THE STOCKHOLDERS OF THE AS
toria Iron "Works will be held at the of
fice of the secretary. Main street wharL on
Thursday evening, April 30lhcl8S5. nt 7:00
o'clock, for the purpose of electing five di
rect rs, and transacting such other business
as may come before the meeting.
By order of the pre.Mdent.
J. C. HUSTLER,
House to Lef.
IN A FEW
To be Sdld.at Prices Lower than the -Lowest!
Look out for Special Announcement !
Dealer at Wholeia
Furniture, Bedding, Carpels, Matting,
OH Clotii, Wall Paper;
Window Shades, Mouldings, Etc.
Astoria Furniture Co.,
Furniture, Bedding, Wall Paper, Mirrors.
MoulfliuE, Carpets, Matting, Picture Mies, Window Shades, etc.
Cor. Chenamus and Hamilton Sts.
BUY YOUR TICKETS
via. the popular
The large, well appointed ami commodi
ous steamers of this line are running DI
Now York and Scandinavia
Without calling at any intermediate, port,
ceosequcutlr no Transfer of Pa&ftnger or
Baggage No extra expenses Captains.
Surgeons, Officers, Stewards and Crew are
all Scandinavians. Passengers' ISHpfpige
checked to destination a safeguard adopt
ed by no nther steamship line. Drafts and
Money Orders on Denmark, Sweden and
Norway Issued at lowest rate. For further
Infoiraatlon apply to
BOZORTH & JOHNS,
I " At"rla. Orenon.
M. H. KIPP,
PLUMBER AND GAS FITTER.
Water Pipos a Specialty.
A Full Stock of Material on Hand.
Personal attention given all orders, and
Shop and ofllrc on CS3 street, one door
above Frank Fabre'd Restaurant, Astoria,
"JVJOTICE IS IIFREBY GIVEN THAT
li having been appointed executrix of the
last will and test intent of Conrad RocI ing.
deceased, all persons havli.g claims against
the estate of deceased should present the
same properly verified to me at my rei
dnce iu Astoria, Oregon, within b'x montlw
from this date.
Astoria, Clatsop County. Ooegon.Marcb 2$
DEALER IK t
CIGABS AND TOBACCOS,!
SMOKERS' ARTICLES. ,
I'laUiff CanK Cutlery. Stationers'.! Etc. A '
uue mock oi .iierscnaum ann urier npe-.
Amber Goods, Etc.
Two doors of cor. "Water and West-kh.Sts
Scarf Pies, Chains, Watches,
Pianos and Organs of (lie Best
niulic nt (he T.onrNt Prices.
The finest stock of Jewelry In Astoria.
E&r-All goods warranted as represented.
GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER
HAVING BEEN APPOINTED EXECU
triv of the last will and testament of
M. M. Giltnan, deceased, all persons having
claims against said estate are hereby re
quired to present tho same properly verified
to me at ray i sldence In Astoria, Clatsop
FLORA J. GILMAN.
Astoria, April 2nd, 1SS3. H-5t
THE FINE BUSINESS STORE FOKMEK
ly occupied by J. Pllger. A desirable
location. Apply to
STOCK AND FURNITURE OF THE OLD
Corner Saloon. Inquire of
Astoria, Oregon, April 1st, ISS5.
and Rt-tsil in
II. Dr UUISSON. Manager.
The Seaside Bakery
Delivered in any Part ot the City.
FINE CAKES A SPECIALTY.
Horae-Made Candy Made Daily:
PVto T-3a Cnnnlia.
A Kl:-t Class Establishment. lriw to
Milt the times.
F. B. ELBERS0N, Prop'r.
"Flor de Madrid." ..
OFFICE OP V. MAUTINEZ YCOK & CO ,
Kev West, Ma., eb.23. i&.
Wo take pleasine in announcing to
the Cigar Trade of the Northwest and
California that we have this day ap
pointed L. K. G. Smith of Portland, Or.,
odrsole Agent for the whole PaciGc
coast, and kindly recommend him as
such to our old and new patrons.
We guarantee that. a3 heretofore, all
Cigara from our factory are and will be
made of the finest and choicest Havana
Tobacco only and that we shall not fall
to keep up our well established reputa
tion on them. Verv respectfully,
V. MARTINEZ YBOR & CO.
In accepting the honor of represent
ing above manufacturers, I do so with a
thororfgh conviction and after a careful
scrutiny that nothing in the Key West
flavana line could be offered or pro
duced superior to these world-renowned
"FLOR do MADRID."
Shall be pleased to fill all orders In
trusted to us for any style or size, either
direct from factory from our various de
pots in California or the northwest.
Responsible dealers in tho interior
wishing the agency in their respective
towns will receive a prompt hearing by
r.. k. i. smith.
Stark and Front Sts. Portland.
Depot for Astoria at L. K. G. SMITH'S
Cigar Store, Chenamus Street.
Theo. Buacker. Manager.
Notice of Administratrix Sale.
ftJOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT BY
L virtue of an order made on the 7th day
of April, 183. by the County Court of Clat
sop County. State of Oregon, I will on the
llth day of ilay, 1SS5, nt the Court house
diKir of sold county, at the hour of two
O'clock In the afternoon 'sell at public auc
tion to the hluhest bidder for cash, subject
to confirmation bvsald court, all the title
and Interest of the estate of J. "V. Robb,
deceased, in aud to the following described
real estate situate In said county, to-nit :
Lot No. 5 of block No. 121 ; le: No. 8 ot
block No. ISO aud lot No. C of block No. 107,
in the town of Astoria as l.ild out and re
corded by John McCIure and extended by
Cyrus Olney, and lot No. Oof block No. 53,
of the town of Astoria as laid out and. re
corded by John McCIure.
J. 31. KUUU,
Administratrix of the estate of J. W. Robb,
IN TIIEC IKOUIT COURTOF TIIE STATE
of OreRou, for Clatsop County :
J. O. Bozorth and A. F. Johns, partners
doing business under the firm name of Bo
zorth & Johns, PlalntlfP.sre.F. P. Ilennessy
In tho name of tho State of Oregon, to the
above named defendant: You are hereby
required to appear and answer the com
plaint of the above named plaintiffs filed
against you In the above entitled court and
action, on or before the first day of the next
terra of this court, to wit : the 18th day of
May, 1835, and If you fall so to do the plain
tiffs will take Judgment against you for the
sum of Si.io5.co and costs and disbursements,
and for the eaie under execution of certain
personal property attached in this action
consisting of carpenter's tools, hardware
and building materials. This summons Is
published bv virtue of an order made by the
Hon. F. J". Taylor. Judge of said court at
chambers, on the 1st dav of April, 18S3.
15-ct Attorneys for rialntiffs.
Ji. LEATHERS HAS EETURNED
and Is ready to turn oat some fine fish
ing boats for the river. Shop on the beach
between Kinney's and Elmore's canneries
&r it& y in wr
Family Groceries. Provisions
and Freshest Vegetables
FRANK L. PARKER'S
Low Down Prices 1 !
'Comer Benion and Chenamus Streets,
Opposite Custom House Square. -
B a &
Hay, Oats, a&tl Straw, Lime, BricX- Cement, M and Plaster
Wood Delivered to Order. ftrsjla?, Teainla? and Express Business. -
feaBf Fn ie533
a339LZ. ,-- 'SSifflP
TEU :tpi.! t.. th Captain, or to
THE NEW MODEL
tings, etc., a specialty.
FUIil. STOCK ALWAYS ON HAND.
John A, IVIonfgomery,
Tin, Sheet Iron. anil Copper Ware.
A General Assortment of
, Agents for
Magee Stoves and Eangces
The Best In the market.
Pmmblng poods of alljclnds oa hand. Job
work done In a workmanlike manner.
PLUMBING, GAS . FITTING, AND CANNERY WORK
Attended to Promptly on Reasonable Terms.
ChenamaH Street. Xext to L. Parker's Store.
ASTORIA, - ORKOOK.
- MARTIN OLSEN & CO.
FURNITURE 2s BEDDING
Corner Main and Hauexnoqna Streets. Astoria, Oregon.
WINDOW SHADES AMD TRIMMHGi; WALL PAPER, ETC
A Complete Stock.
PEICES AS CHEAP AS QTJALITY WILL APFORD.
A1X KIISDS OF FURNITURE REPAIRED AN VARNISHED.
Change of Agency.
We have appointed
MR. O. F. MORTON
Our Selling and Collecting AkcuI r.t Aitorla.
All those n hiring to purclui-e a lltst-class (
SEWIXO MACHINE, or to make pay- j
merits due as will pleaso call on Mr. Morton.
Headquarters at B. S.WORSLEY'S Sale-
The Singer Mfg Co..
S2 Morrison Street, Toi Hand, Or. !
Carnahan & Co.
I. W. CASE, ,
IMPORTBKS AND WHOLESALE ANI
KKVAUi DBALEHS IX
Corner Chennmns and Cass streets.
ASTORIA .... ollKGON
Liverpool and London and Globe.
North British and Mercantile
Of London and Edinburgh.
Old Connecticut of Hartford,
COMMERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA
Fire Insurance Companies,
Representing a Capital or $87,000 OOO.
B. VAN DU3EN, Agent.
- .iyikJmiJ i ii igaaaaiatt.
3 TL ASIA Pi
Fbfii P. PaiherttVaster.
For TOWING. FREIGHT orCHAK
lll B. lAltk.Klt.
RANGE CAN RE HAD IN
fORlA ONLY' OF
l.l. AM) EXAMINE IT. Y
WILL 1?K PLEASED.
K. K. HAWES U also agent ft r tir
And other first-claas 5t370s.
Furnaco Work Steam Fit
'Harta ait Ship Chanfllery
VAN DUSEN & CO..
Hardware and Ship Chandlery
Pure Oil, BrightYavnish,
Binacle Oil, Cotton Canvas.
Hemp Sail Twine,
Cotton Sail Twine,
Wrought Iron Spikes,
Galvanized Cut Nails,
Paints and Oils. Groceries, etc,
Anjiig to Sel?
IN THE aiATTER OK
Rags. Bottles, Old Metal,
or Junk of Any Sort,
FOABD & STOKES
Will give you tho best price for it.
Do You Want to Buy
From a Belaying Tin to a Hawser; from a
Block to an Anchor.
You Can Get what You Want
at FOARD & STOKES.
Headqnarters at building, "east end of