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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (March 12, 1885)
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The uuiober of coavicts" in tbe
TJniteJ States . so great that the
economic aa J humaiiitnuQ questions
whicu ari&e in regard to their labor
have ahsunied importance in all parts
of the country. In New York the
question of contiuuing Trhat is called
"contract labor" in tbe state prisons
as submitted to a vote of tbe people
at a late election, and a large vote
was cast in favor of its abolition. In
Ohio the same question has been re
ferred to a special commission. In
California "contract labor1' in prisons
was some time since forbidden by the
revised constitution, and in several
other states of'the north this issue is
yearly made and often discussed. At
the south thai special form of con
tract labor for convicts, the so-called
"lessee system" is in general use, but
has been severely attacked by many
southern men. In our own state the
question is assuming the prominence
its importance demands. The Salem
penitentiary is overllowing.
There are bnt three main modes of
employing the labor of the 45,000 con
victs (more or less) who at this mo
ment are at work under sentence
within or outside of the 130 convict
prisons of tho United States. These
1. The public account system, by
which the state, county, city, or other
jurisdiction to -which the prison be
longs furnishes slock for the convicts
to work up, and sells the product of
2. The common contract syslinn,by
which certain contractors furnish the
stock, machinery, or other appliances
for labor, and pay the prison authori
ties so much a day or so much a vear
for the labor of each man. This sys
tern also includes the lessee svstera of
the south, but, as commonly enforced
in northern prisons, it lacks the worst
features of that system.
3. The mixed system, by which Ihe
prison authorities direct tho labor
without the intervention of the con
tractors or their employes, bnt have
contracts with manufacturers outside
the prison to supply slock and take
the finished product at a certain speci
fied price per article, thus avoiding
the day's work price and the super
vision of the convicts whilo at work
by men who huve no higher interest
than salaries or profits in their man
agement of prisoners.
Jfurnerous modifications of these
three systems are found in operation
in different parts of the country, and
tho three may even be combined in a
single prison. The first two named
are often so combined; indeed, there
is scarcely a pri-on in the land where
Borne of the convicts are not at work
directly for the public without the in
tervcution of contractors. The les
see system by which a single con
tractor guarantees to support Ihe con
victs, and to pay so much a year for
their labor, working them either in
side tho prison, or on railroads, col
ton plantations, rice fields, etc., are
almost wholly confined to the former
slave states, and applies mainly to
colored convicts, who now fill the
southern prisons, though there are
many white men also working under
lessees. In its administration this
system is a survival of slavery under
another form, and must be set
asido as inadmissible where prisons
are to bo well managed.
The objection to the public account
system is two-fold its financial ri3k
and its direct interference with the
outside labor management. It is also
inexpedient, probably unjust, for the
stale, with all its resources, to enter
into competition with private citizens
whose business it is to manufacture
goods and employ labor.
Tho common contract system has
certain advantages which have led to
its adoption almost ovcryhere in
America for the whole or some con
siderable part of the employment of
convicts. It requires no "plant," or
fixod investment by the public, be
yond what is necessary for the re
straint and occupation of prisoners,
since the contractor puts in his own
machinery, and sometimes, as in
the Massachusetts states prison, pays
for the steam-power and water-supply
needed in his manufacture. It
exposes tho prison to no sudden
financial risk, and may be so man
aged as to make tho convicts self
supporting for a period of years, as
has been done recently in New York,
and for a long time in smaller stales,
like Conueclicut, Maine and New
Hampshire. Moreover it allows a
vox oty of tralcs to ba taught in a
prison, that the discharged convicts
can go out with nn occupation ready
for them, and oftentimes an employer
who will remunerate their skilled
labor. But it is open to many abuses,
which have seriously discredited it,
such as overtaxing the strength of
tho convicts, introducing letters, ar
ticles of barter, interfering with
the discipline of the prison,
and making the public officials
of small account as compared with
the contractor and his foreman,
reducing everything to a basis of dol
lars and cents, keeping school insruc-
tion and moral education away from
tho prisoners, allowing a hurtful in
tercommunication between convicts
in the bustle of the workshops, and
showing jealousies and rancor among
them on account of favors granted or
withheld by the employers of labor.
Add to this that there is a constant
clamor from free laborers outside
oftentimes from men who have learn
ed their trade in a prison, or from the
trades unions, which seek to monop
olize work for their own members
against the rich contractors whose
low-priced prison labor enables them
to undersell other manufacturers,
and yet make large profits them
selves. The "mixed system" combines tho
best features of the public account
and the contract systems, iuasmuch
as it removes the financial risks of
the former, while retaining direct
supervision by the prison authorities
over their convicts, and yet dispenses
with those adjuncts of the contract
system which have made it most of
fensive to the ontside public. It is
tho system already largely adopted in
juvenile reformatories, where the
contractors furnish stock, and pay io
much for each chair that is seated,
each garment that is made, etc., but
do not pick and choose their laborers
nor pay so much a day always a
small sum compared with the wages
of free laborers for the enforced
task of a convict. At the same Jime
it permits'a variety of trades to be
taught in prisons, and fits the con
vict for good places at good wages
when they are discharged. This sys
tem has been introduced in seveial
penitentiaries wlwre it brings a good
revenue without interfering with the
admirable arrangement of school in
struction and moral education that
arc in force. It will probably be the
form which the common contiact and
lessee systems will take to naturally
when they can no longer be con
tinued in any prison or any state;
for it is still a contract system,
though guarded at every point to se
cure the public interest and tho good
of the prisoner.
There is a yet a fourth course open
in regard to convicts and it is that
to whioh the cant of demagogues and
the blind selfishness of trades unions
and of too many capitalists may in
somo sections drive the prison au
thorities. This is tho complete idle
ness of convicts for want of any labor
which contractors will pay for the or
demagogues allow their followers to
voto for. Tho argument for prison
iabor is briefly this: Tho convict is
no belter than tho free laborer, who
is compelled both to support himself
and to pay his taxes. The least that
the convict can do, then, is to work
all day at some remunerative labor, so
that the honest man outside may not
have to maintain both himself and an
individual interest in some idle rascal
at Sing Sing, Philadelphia, Joliet or
Salem. This aspect of the matter
doe3 not seem to occur to the honest
workmen'who oppose labor in prisons,
but it is the whole question in a nut
shell. "No labor in prisons that can
compete with free labor," is a cry
which simply means "No labor in
prisons at all." Some years ago,
when Wendell Phillips in Massachu
setts was running for governor on the
two tickets of labor reform and pro
hibition, a Worcester wag invented
this double campaign slogan for his
beery and his austere follewers: "No
labor between meals; prohibition be
tween drinks." The platform of those
who are seeking to disorganizo prison
labor is less Hudibrastic than this,
but not less absurd. Tho convict,
oven more than the free man, needs
constant labor, which will occupy both
his hands and his thoughts, and keep
him from those forms of self-destruction
and moral death which idleness
in prison invites. lie needs also, for
he has seldom had it, a training in
some useful pursuit, and in those
habits of industry which will enable
him to avoid crime when he goes out
into the world again. For these pur
poses any system of prison labor is
better than none; but porhapB none
Offers such varied facilities as the
The admission of Bain to the sen
ate from New Hampshire settles the
question as to the power of the gov
ernor of a state to appoint. Who
ever Gov. Moody appoints will be ad
mitted to the senate.
P03T5rASTER-GEKERAIi VlLAd 83VS
that "the programme of tho whole
cabinet is to select officials for their
worth and value to the government."
The English papers think that a
war between England and Knssia is
one of the probabilities.
Dakota ho3 confetred the right of
suffrage upon women.
AT SHERIFF'S SALE,
MONDAY, MARCH 16, 1885.
Jlyra Russell tb. Jllnalo Spciartu, ct els:
LAM INSTRUCTED BYMlKKIlV ROSS,
to sell at the court House door, at puolic
aue tlon, at out- o'clock r. i . for caMi t
ihe highest oldder, all the rsht, title and
luteres of defendant to ttKlu) fret of the
north Irout of Lot 5. Block Si. Shlvel 's As
toria, together with the tenements aud ap
purtenances thereunto belonging.
Alsonttwo o'clock P.M. orsaid day
E. M. G id?? c: Lis vs. Toosias WalIey e:
At the suns plac? and on '-atas terms, all
defendant's right, title and Interest to a cer
tain portion (as olllelally advenlsed hereto
fore) of the Robert Shorten donation land
claim, located at Alderbroak. tozether with
all the teuemeats and appurtenaucsth-re-tiuto
E. C. iioldi:.
Saturday, March 14, 11 A. Rl.
hoi.5i::vs aictix 1:00.11.
(Sold on account of Departure.)
liMrtieUul by A. M. Twombley, Em.,
1 will iell, without reserve, an extensive
assortment or Household hliecU. con
sistinc of Parlor, Bedroom. Dining-room
and Kitchen Furniture, CapeK Cor
nices. F.ngraving. F.tc, Ktc.
I. C. HODKr,
Sjjecial Auction Sale
Friday, March 20!h, 2 P. (H.
I am instructed to Sell Without
Reserve, at the
BAY VIEW RESTAURANT.
All the Fixtures and Furniture,
consisting in part of Counter, Office
Desk,; Show Cases, Diniug-room
Chairs, Eeataurant Tables. Silver
plated Casters and Table "Ware, Ta
ble Linen, Crockery and Glass Ware,
Kitchen Range and Furniture, one
Fine Bed Lounge, and lot Parlor
Chairs, Gas Fixtures and everything
belonging to tho well known Restau
rant Also, a stock of assorted Groceries.
K. C. IIOLDEX.
Oregon improvement Co.
Great Rednctlonin Price ofGoal.
On and alter December Ui until further
notice the prlfe t the hunkers will he as
Clean ltomestle jerton,j240lbs $7.03
Average Steam c.Od
Screening " " " .... 4.00
On hand a con-tant supply, at market
rates, of first -class
E.A. NOTES. Agent.
We are prepared to print
One lb Salmon Labels
of superior quality, well varnhhed.
At 81.40 per M.
A. L. BANCROFT & CO..
721 Market Street.
There Is No Weed of My Adver
The proof of the pudding ii rhewhi.; the
Geo. V. Sanborn, Agl.
HINDS, KETCHUM & CO..
ASTORIA. - - - NEW YORK.
AFI N K HlTSl NESS. OFFICE. CENT II Al.
1 y locted. Apply at IhU Olllce.
A BRAND NEW COLUMBIA RIVER
Fishing Eoat. Applv to
MEW M11.CH COW-THREE-OL-AltTEn
L Jersey. (Jives S ouarts at a milking
now. m in give iu later 1:1 ine season.
Apply to SAM'I. ELMORE.
ROOMS AND HALL TO LET.
Pythian Land and Building Ass'cn.
LARGE. FINE ROOMS WITH WATER
and nas en uit or .Mng'e. in Pythian
Al5 l'ythian Hall, the finest and best
lighted hall hi the city ; suitable for l.odge.
Sociables. Parties or Lectures. Terms mod
erate. Apply to
y 9 H I L
msm M H Wmm b maa 'Gov
arpets! Carpets! Carpet
We beg to call the attention of the public to our latest importation, direct from
Eastern manufacturers, of the largest invoice of C A IJ PETS ever offered
for sale in this city, comprising all grailis, from the
FINEST BODY BRUSSELS
In the Newest Tints and Shades,
To the lowest priced article in this line Wo are determined to dispose of our stock of
Carpets within the next four weeks, and lo that nd offer special Inducements, precluding
the possibility of lielnz Undersold, by : nv ofoti. rorr.pctJ'cr.
Furniture and House Furnishing Line
We can show you the very REST GOODS at BOTTOM FIGURES Mul shall be pleased
to rrcelve a call for inspection whether you purchase or no!.
RE, FURNISHING GOODS,
J ac m m liMMMiiian m j tfypn
Carpets, Matting, Pictures, Mirrors,
PTOTFRE FRAMES UrorLmXKS. ETC., ETC.
At Greatly Reduced Prices,
ASTORIA WRX1TURE CO..
Cor. Cheuatini:; ami Hamilton SK II. in lUMSSOX. Manager.
" wiMifwi " vtrn . ... ..
Fixtures for Sale
Adler's Crystal Palace !
Positively every article in that vnt entablement nil! be old
Store for Rent ! Fixtures for Sale !
New San Francisco House.
Wing Sang & Go.,:
Wholesale ancTRetail Dealers
The finest quality of Silk Goods, Drv
Onods, China Ware. Chinese Novelties. Ricr,
Opium, Nut dl. Tea, 1'reserved Ginger,
Sandal wood Od. Tooth Towder. Blmk
Hooks, Brushes, Brooms, Nuts. Peppermint,
Headache Cure. Etc , Etc. A Large Stock
At Very Lou Prlrc;.
SIT QUE Is asentr.ir Chinese Commis
sion Merchant aud will take all orders and
promptly till them.
All kinds or Labor furnished : reliable
Cannery Hands furnished plero work or
by the day. atisfaetlun promised In evcrv
Notice of Reduction.
I will uowsell
Choice Cooking Extracts.
At the followlmj liodusvd Prices :
These extracts are put up with crcat care,
and guaranteed equal to any in the market
If not as represented please return and
get your money refunded.
Is now pieraiid to
Furnish First Class Rooms,
WITH OR WITHOUT BOARD.
Oier Beck & Son'.s Grocery Store.
Corntr nf Olury and Kuucuiorjua St.. up Slalrv.
BUY YOUR TICKETS
la the popular
The large, well appointed and commodi
ous steamers of this line are running LH
New York and Scandinavia
Without calling at any Intermediate port,
consequently no Transfer of Passenger or
UatjgaQf. No extra expenses Captains,
Surgeons, Oflicers, Stewards and Crew are
all Scandinavians. Passengers' Baggage
checked to destination a safeguard adopt
ed by no other steamship 'line. Drafts and
Monoy Orders on Denmark, Sweden and
Norway issued at lowest rates. For further
information applv to
BOZORTH & JOHNS,
THIS IS TO NOTIFY ALL AVH031 IT
may concern that Lam Hen Bow, who
has been In the employ of Kong Wing
Pawnbroker Shop, is no longer employed by
the firm and has no authority to transact
any business, or pay or receive any money
for said Kong Wing Co.
KONG TVING CO.
.. . 1 , .. .- mlili - - Hi,.
, Store for Rent
ale ! !
TO CANNERY-MEN AND OTHERS.
Wing Sang & Co.
The undersigned are prepared to lurnLsh
Forputtiu; up Salmon, either by the day.
month, or case : a'so. c n furubh Chinese
Co-dsof all descriptions.
You can depend upon this man,
He lefers t. WASHINGTON PK'G CO..
j. w. iTfcAKiiAirr,
T V LBATIieiKS HAS RETURNED
o .and Is ready to turn out some fine fish-
ng boats for the river. Shop on the bench
between Kinney's and Elmore's canuerles
To Cannerymen and Fishermen.
WKTAKE PLEASURE IN ANNOUNC
fill? Id tllO tmill tllnf IV.i Vinva ciutnrorl
the benlccs of JI11. a. M. JOHNSON, so
UK .mil luvuniuiy Known in tne sail
MaKING trr.de In Astoria. Hereafter Jlr.
Johnson will have sole supervision of our
Sail I.nft nttll Will t'iVf ll!e imrcnnnl nttni..!.
aueeti the manufacture of Boat Sails for the
W. C. NOON & CO.. .
Cor. i: and Front Sts. Portland. Or.
7VJ-OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
-Li firm of J. E. Thomas has assigned all
their property to the undersigned for the
benefit of their creditors and all persons
having claims against said estate must pre
sent the same duly verified to the assignee
at his ofllce in Astoria. Oregon, within three
months from this date.
F. P. HICKS
fllHK BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE
JL t.arabaldl Packing Co., levj an assess
ment of .S0 pershare upon the capital Stock,
payable In ninety (90) days from date.
, , , ... President.
Astoria. Feb. 11, 1333.
THE HENLEY CLUB SKATE
Nlckle riated. Spring Steel Bottom and
The HENLEY CHALLENGE SKATE,
Wooden Bottom and Leather Straps.
The best and only practically scientific
skates. Elegant In finish. Will turn a three
foot circle and all the wheels rest square
on the lloor. "Wheels with babbit metal
boxes. The leading skates in all the prin
cipal Rinks. Iltcyctcs nnrt Tricycles.
OSBORN & ALEXANDER.
Mechanics' Tools. Hardware and Machinery.
X23 Market St., opp. Palace hotel,
Semi for free catalogue and price list
Y09 OikHT QBT
Family Groceries, Provisions
and Freshest Vegetables
Jjicw Down Prices ! !
Corner Senton and Chenamus Streets.
Opposite Custom House Square.
Hay, Oats, anil Straw, Lime. Brisk, Cut, Sai and Plaster
Wood Dellierl to Order. ira)lti. ieamluic and Kprevi Buslsens,
ITER apply to :ie C.ipU.n.-or t
THE NEW MODEL
f y r-7 -. ftr i-.'-3:i, . z- ,
zc i i , -
A FUUL STOCK
John A. Montgomery,
Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Ware.
A (iei.eral Assortment it
Magee Stoves and Ranges
The Best lu the market.
Pmrnblug goods of nil kinds on hand. .lol
work done in a workmanlike mannr
PLUMBING, GAS FITTING, AND CANNERY WORK
Attended to Promptlyjon Reasonable Terms. .
Chennmus Strerf. Xext to V I. Parker's Htore.
5r. OT.SnN. J. GUSTAFSON. A. JOHNSON.
MARTIN OLSEN & CO.
FURNITURE Ss BEDDING
Corner Slain and Squemoqna Streets. Astoria, OresoB.
WINDOW SHADES AND TRIMMHG6; WALL PAPER, ETC
A Complete Stock.
PRICES AS CHEAP AS QUALITY WILL AFFORD.
AIX KISBS OF FTRSITURE REPAIRED AUTD TARNISHED.
Change of Agency.
We have nnpolnted
MR. O. F. MORTON
Our Selling and Collecting Agent at Astoria.
All thosa v.ishlnij to purchase a llrt-class
SEIVTXO MACI1IXE, or to make pay
ments due us will please call on Mr. Morton.
Headquarters at B. S.WORSI.EY'S Sales
room. The Singer Mi'g Co.,
02 Morrison Strret, Tortland, Or.
Carnahan & Co.
I. "W. CASE,
1311'ORTKItS AND WIIOLESALK AND
KBrAII. DEALERS IN
Corner Chennintw itnd Cass streets.
ASTORIA ..-- OllKGON
Liverpool and London and Globe.
North British and mercantile
or London and Edinburgh.
Old Connecticut of Hartford,
COMMERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA
Fire Insurance Companies,
Representing a Capital of 867,000 OOO.
B. VAN DU3EN. Afrent.
tben P. Parher,Ma3ter.
2 For TOWING, FREIGHT or CHAR
11. U. PAJtKKlL
RANGE CAN BE HAD IN AS
S5c"ri 'rrRT nvrv np
T"i.Ar3rK: 1 ".... v.
A 1 AGENT
tWI.I. AND EXAMINE IT. Y u
WILL BE PLEASED.
K. K. HAWKS Is also agent f. r tn-
Buck patent Cooling Mi
And other first-class-Slims.
Furnace "Work. Steasi Fit
tings, etc., a. apsoialty.
ALWAYS ON HAND.
FOABD & STOKES.
A. FULL LETS OF
Just Finished In Rear of Store.
Mm M Slip Cbanfllery
VAN DUSEH & CO..
Hardware and Ship Chandlery
Pnre Oil, Bright Varnish,
Binacle Oil, Cotton Canvas,
. Hemp Sail Twine,
Cotton Sail Twine,
Wronght Iron Spikes, .
- Galvanized Cnt Nails,
Paints anil Oils, Groceries, etc.